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Dharmasraya is the capital and also the name of the 11th century Malay Hinduism
Hinduism
kingdom based on the Batanghari
Batanghari
river system in modern-day Jambi
Jambi
and West Sumatra, on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia.[1] The kingdom itself could be identified by the name of its capital Dharmasraya or by the name Bhumi Malayu or Suvarnnabhumi according to Padang Roco inscription. The reference to the name Malayu signify that the kingdom is located on previously older Malayu kingdom area prior being absorbed into Srivijayan mandala c. late 7th century, thus suggesting that Dharmasraya was the successor of Malayu. Dharmasraya became an independent kingdom after the downfall of Srivijaya
Srivijaya
in 1025. Formation[edit] After the invasion by Rajendra Chola I
Rajendra Chola I
the king of the Chola Empire from Koromandel, authority of Sailendra
Sailendra
dynasty over the islands of Sumatera and the Malay Peninsula weakened. Some time later came a new dynasty that took over the role of Sailendra
Sailendra
Dynasty, called by the name of Mauli dynasty.[2] The Dharmasraya can be considered as the successor of Srivijaya. The oldest inscription bearing the name of Maharaja Mauli is the Grahi inscription dated 1183 discovered in Chaiya
Chaiya
(Grahi) Malay Peninsula, Southern Thailand. The inscription bears the order of Maharaja Srimat Trailokyaraja Maulibhusana Warmadewa to the bhupati (regent) of Grahi named Mahasenapati Galanai to make a statue of Buddha weight 1 bhara 2 tula with the value of 10 gold tamlin. The artist name that responsible to create the statue is Mraten Sri Nano. The second inscription from Mauli dynasty appear approximately a hundred years later in 1286. The inscription in which the name Dharmasraya and the name of king is Srimat Tribhuwanaraja Mauli Warmadewa appears dates from the 13th century,[3]:201 namely the Padang Roco inscription
Padang Roco inscription
discovered around the headwaters of Batanghari river (now Dharmasraya Regency
Dharmasraya Regency
in West Sumatera), dated 1286. List of rulers[edit] The Maharajas of Dharmasraya:

Date King's of name Capital Stone inscription or embassies to China and events

1183 Srimat Trailokyaraja Maulibhusana Warmadewa Dharmasraya Grahi
Grahi
inscription 1183 at Chaiya, South of Thailand, the order to regent Grahi, namely Mahasenapati Galanai to make a Buddha stone.

1286 Srimat Tribhuwanaraja Mauli Warmadewa Dharmasraya Padang Roco inscription
Padang Roco inscription
1286 at Siguntur, (now Dharmasraya regency), Pamalayu expedition.

1347 Srimat Sri Udayadityawarman Pratapaparakrama Rajendra Mauli Warmadewa Pagaruyung Moved to Pagaruyung Amoghapasa Statue 1347 at Dharmasraya, Kuburajo inscription at Pagaruyung
Pagaruyung
(now Tanah Datar regency).

References[edit]

^ J.L.A. Brandes, 1902, Nāgarakrětāgama; Lofdicht van Prapanjtja op koning Radjasanagara, Hajam Wuruk, van Madjapahit, naar het eenige daarvan bekende handschrift, aangetroffen in de puri te Tjakranagara op Lombok ^ Muljana, Slamet (2006), Sriwijaya, Yogyakarta: LKiS, ISBN 979-8451-62-7. ^ Cœdès, George (1968). The Indianized states of Southeast Asia. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824803681. 

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Former states in Indonesia

Java

Hindu/Buddhist

Blambangan Galuh Isyana Janggala Kahuripan Kalingga Majapahit Medang Medang Kamulan Rajasa Salakanagara Sanjaya Shailendra Singhasari Srivijaya Sunda Tarumanagara

Islamic

Banten Cirebon Demak Kalinyamat Mataram Pajang Sumedang Larang Surakarta Yogyakarta

Sumatra

Hindu/Buddhist

Dharmasraya Kantoli Kediri Majapahit Melayu Mauli Pannai Samaskuta Sanfotsi Srivijaya

Islamic

Aceh Aru Asahan Deli Jambi Johor Langkat Malacca Pagaruyung Riau-Lingga Samudera Pasai Serdang Siak

Kalimantan

Banjar Brunei Bulungan Kutai Lanfang Republic Negara Daha Pontianak Sambas Sarawak Tanjungpura

Sulawesi

Gowa Bone Luwu Toraja Wajo

Lesser Sunda Islands

Bali Bima Larantuka Sumbawa Tambora

West Timor

Amabi Amanatun Amanuban Amarasi Sonbai Wehali

Maluku

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