Dharmasraya is the capital and also the name of the 11th century Malay
Hinduism kingdom based on the
Batanghari river system in modern-day
Jambi and West Sumatra, on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. The
kingdom itself could be identified by the name of its capital
Dharmasraya or by the name Bhumi Malayu or Suvarnnabhumi according to
Padang Roco inscription. The reference to the name Malayu signify that
the kingdom is located on previously older Malayu kingdom area prior
being absorbed into Srivijayan mandala c. late 7th century, thus
Dharmasraya was the successor of Malayu. Dharmasraya
became an independent kingdom after the downfall of
Srivijaya in 1025.
After the invasion by
Rajendra Chola I
Rajendra Chola I the king of the Chola Empire
from Koromandel, authority of
Sailendra dynasty over the islands of
Sumatera and the Malay Peninsula weakened. Some time later came a new
dynasty that took over the role of
Sailendra Dynasty, called by the
Mauli dynasty. The
Dharmasraya can be considered as the
successor of Srivijaya.
The oldest inscription bearing the name of Maharaja
Mauli is the Grahi
inscription dated 1183 discovered in
Chaiya (Grahi) Malay Peninsula,
Southern Thailand. The inscription bears the order of Maharaja Srimat
Trailokyaraja Maulibhusana Warmadewa to the bhupati (regent) of Grahi
named Mahasenapati Galanai to make a statue of Buddha weight 1 bhara 2
tula with the value of 10 gold tamlin. The artist name that
responsible to create the statue is Mraten Sri Nano.
The second inscription from
Mauli dynasty appear approximately a
hundred years later in 1286. The inscription in which the name
Dharmasraya and the name of king is Srimat Tribhuwanaraja Mauli
Warmadewa appears dates from the 13th century,:201 namely the
Padang Roco inscription
Padang Roco inscription discovered around the headwaters of Batanghari
Dharmasraya Regency in West Sumatera), dated 1286.
List of rulers
The Maharajas of Dharmasraya:
King's of name
Stone inscription or embassies to China and events
Srimat Trailokyaraja Maulibhusana Warmadewa
Grahi inscription 1183 at Chaiya, South of Thailand, the order to
regent Grahi, namely Mahasenapati Galanai to make a Buddha stone.
Padang Roco inscription
Padang Roco inscription 1286 at Siguntur, (now
Srimat Sri Udayadityawarman Pratapaparakrama Rajendra
Moved to Pagaruyung
Amoghapasa Statue 1347 at Dharmasraya, Kuburajo inscription at
Pagaruyung (now Tanah Datar regency).
^ J.L.A. Brandes, 1902, Nāgarakrětāgama; Lofdicht van Prapanjtja op
koning Radjasanagara, Hajam Wuruk, van Madjapahit, naar het eenige
daarvan bekende handschrift, aangetroffen in de puri te Tjakranagara
^ Muljana, Slamet (2006), Sriwijaya, Yogyakarta: LKiS,
^ Cœdès, George (1968). The Indianized states of Southeast Asia.
University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824803681.
Former states in Indonesia
Lesser Sunda Islands