HOME
The Info List - Dhaka


--- Advertisement ---



Dhaka
Dhaka
(/ˈdɑːkə/ DAH-kə or /ˈdækə/ DAK-ə; Bengali: ঢাকা, pronounced [ɖʱaka]; formerly anglicized as Dacca)[11] is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. It is one of the world's largest cities, with a population of 18.89 million people in the Greater Dhaka Area.[12][6][13] It is also the 4th most densely populated city in the world. Dhaka
Dhaka
is the chief economic, political and cultural center of Bangladesh. It is one of the major cities of South Asia, the largest city in Eastern South Asia
South Asia
and among the Bay of Bengal countries; and one of the largest cities among OIC countries. As part of the Bengal plain, the city is bounded by the Buriganga River, Turag River, Dhaleshwari River
Dhaleshwari River
and Shitalakshya River. The city is located in an eponymous district and division. The area of Dhaka
Dhaka
has been inhabited since the first millennium. The city rose to prominence in the 17th century as a provincial capital and commercial center of the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
in South Asia. Dhaka
Dhaka
was the capital of Mughal Bengal
Mughal Bengal
for 75 years. As the center of the muslin trade in Bengal, it was one of the most prosperous cities in the Indian subcontinent. The medieval city was named in honor of the Mughal emperor Jahangir
Jahangir
and hosted the seat of the Mughal Subahdar (governor), Naib Nazims and Dewans (prime ministers). Medieval Dhaka's glory peaked in the 17th and 18th centuries, when it was home to merchants from across Eurasia. The Mughals decorated the city with well-laid out gardens, tombs, mosques, palaces and forts. The city was once called the Venice of the East.[14] Under the British Empire, the city saw the introduction of electricity, railways, cinemas, Western-style universities and colleges and a modern water supply. It became an important administrative and educational center in Eastern Bengal and Assam after 1905.[15] In 1947, after ending of British rule, it became the administrative capital of the East Pakistan. It was declared as the legislative capital of Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1962. In 1971, it became the capital of an independent Bangladesh. Article 5 of the Constitution of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
declares Dhaka
Dhaka
as the capital of the republic.[16] Since its establishment as a modern capital city, the population, area, and social and economic diversity of Dhaka
Dhaka
have grown tremendously. Dhaka
Dhaka
is now one of the most densely industrialized regions in the country.[17] By the 21st century, it emerged as a megacity. It is listed as a beta world city. Dhaka
Dhaka
is a major financial center in the region, being home to many local and international companies. Its stock exchange has over 750 listed companies. The city hosts over 50 diplomatic missions and the headquarters of BIMSTEC. The city's culture is known for its cycle-rickshaws, cuisine, art festivals and religious diversity. The old city is home to around 2000 buildings from the Mughal and British periods, including notable structures such as the Bara Katra
Bara Katra
and Choto Katra caravansaries. The city's modernist national assembly is one of the largest parliaments in the world.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography

3.1 Topography 3.2 Climate 3.3 Parks and greenery

4 Government

4.1 Capital city 4.2 Civic administration 4.3 Administrative agencies

5 Economy 6 Demographics 7 Culture

7.1 Arts and festivals 7.2 Cuisines 7.3 Architecture 7.4 Media

8 Education 9 Sports 10 Transport

10.1 Road 10.2 Air 10.3 Rail 10.4 Waterways

11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

Etymology[edit] The origins of the name for Dhaka
Dhaka
are uncertain. Once dhak trees were very common in the area and the name may have originated from it. Alternatively, this name may refer to the hidden goddess Dhakeshwari, whose temple is located in the south-western part of the city.[18] Another popular theory states that Dhaka
Dhaka
refers to a membranophone instrument, dhak which was played by order of Subahdar
Subahdar
Islam Khan I during the inaugurating of the Bengal capital in 1610.[19] Some references also say that it was derived from a Prakrit
Prakrit
dialect called Dhaka
Dhaka
Bhasa; or Dhakka, used in the Rajtarangini
Rajtarangini
for a watch-station; or it is the same as Davaka, mentioned in the Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta
Samudragupta
as an eastern frontier kingdom.[20] According to Rajatarangini
Rajatarangini
written by a Kashmiri Brahman, Kalhana.[21] the region was originally known as Dhakka. The word Dhakka means watchtower. Bikrampur and Sonargaon—the earlier strongholds of Bengal rulers were situated nearby. So Dhaka
Dhaka
was most likely used as the watchtower for the fortification purpose.[21] History[edit] Main articles: History of Dhaka
History of Dhaka
and Timeline of Dhaka

Ruins of Lalbagh Fort

A Bengali woman wearing muslin in Dhaka
Dhaka
in 1789

Old High Court of Dacca

The history of urban settlement in the area of modern-day Dhaka
Dhaka
dates to the first millennium.[18] The region was part of the ancient district of Bikrampur, which was ruled by the Sena dynasty.[22] Under Islamic
Islamic
rule, it became part of the historic district of Sonargaon, the regional administrative hub of the Delhi
Delhi
and the Bengal Sultanates.[23] The Grand Trunk Road passed through the region, connecting it with North India, Central Asia and the southeastern port city of Chittagong. The Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
governed the region during the early modern period. Under Mughal rule, the Old City of Dhaka
Dhaka
grew on the banks of the Buriganga River. Dhaka
Dhaka
was proclaimed the capital of Mughal Bengal
Mughal Bengal
in 1608. Islam Khan Chishti was the first administrator of the city.[24] Khan named it "Jahangirabad" (City of Jahangir) in honour of the Emperor Jahangir. The name was dropped soon after the English conquered. The main expansion of the city took place under Mughal governor Shaista Khan. The city then measured 19 by 13 kilometres (11.8 by 8.1 mi), with a population of nearly one million.[25] Dhaka
Dhaka
was one of the largest and most prosperous cities in South Asia.[26] It grew into a regional economic center during the 17th and 18th centuries, serving as a hub for Eurasian traders, including Bengalis, Marwaris, Kashmiris, Gujaratis, Armenians, Arabs, Persians, Greeks, Dutch, French, English and the Portuguese.[23][27][28] The city was a center of the worldwide muslin, cotton and jute industries, with 80,000 skilled weavers.[29] Mughal Bengal
Mughal Bengal
generated 50% of the Mughal Empire's GDP, which at the time constituted 29% of world GDP. Dhaka
Dhaka
was the commercial capital of the empire.[29] The city had well-laid out gardens, monuments, mosques, temples, bazaars, churches and caravansaries. The Bara Katra
Bara Katra
was the largest caravansary. The riverbanks were dotted with tea houses and numerous stately mansions. Eurasian traders built neighborhoods in Farashganj (French Bazaar), Armanitola
Armanitola
(Armenian Quarter) and Postogola (Portuguese Quarter). Bengal was an affluent region with a Bengali Muslim
Bengali Muslim
majority and Bengali Hindu
Bengali Hindu
minority, and was globally dominant in industries such as textile manufacturing and shipbuilding.[30][31][32] It was an exporter of silk and cotton textiles, steel, saltpeter, and agricultural and industrial produce.[29] With the defeat of the Nawab of Bengal
Nawab of Bengal
at the Battle of Buxar
Battle of Buxar
in 1764, the British East India
India
Company gained the right to collect taxes from the principality of Bengal. The city formally passed to the control of the British East India
India
Company in 1793 and Dhaka
Dhaka
got plugged into the imperial mercantile networks of the British Empire.[33] With the dawn of the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
in Great Britain, Dhaka
Dhaka
became a leading centre of the jute trade, as Bengal accounted for the largest share of the world's jute production.[34]

Dhaka, or Dacca, under British rule in 1861

Dhaka
Dhaka
suffered stagnation and decline began during the mid 19th-century. Its muslin industry was destroyed by high colonial taxation, restriction of trade and forced imports of British manufactured textiles. The city's weavers starved to death during Bengal famines.[29] The rise of the colonial capital Calcutta
Calcutta
caused a sharp decline in the city's population. Dhaka
Dhaka
became heavily impoverished. In 1824, an Anglican bishop described Dhaka
Dhaka
as a city of magnificent ruins.[35] During the mutiny of 1857, the city witnessed revolts by the Bengal Army.[36] The British Indian rule was established following the mutiny. It bestowed privileges on the Dhaka Nawab Family, which dominated the city's political and social elite. The Dhaka Cantonment
Dhaka Cantonment
was established as a base for the British Indian Army. The British developed the modern city around Ramna, Shahbag Garden and Victoria Park. A modern civic water system was introduced in 1874.[37] In 1885, the Dhaka
Dhaka
State Railway
Railway
was opened with a 144 km metre gauge (1000 mm) rail line connecting Mymensingh
Mymensingh
and the Port of Narayanganj
Narayanganj
through Dhaka.[38] The city later became a hub of the Eastern Bengal State Railway.[39] The first cinema was shown in Dhaka's riverfront Crown Theatre on 17 April 1898.[40] The film show was organized by the Bedford Bioscope Company.[41] The electricity supply began in 1901.[42]

Map of Dhaka
Dhaka
in 1924

Some of the early educational institutions established during the British period include the Dhaka
Dhaka
College, the Dhaka
Dhaka
Medical School, the Eden College, St. Gregory's School, the Mohsinia Madrasa, Jagannath College and the Ahsanullah School of Engineering. Horse racing was a favorite past time for elite residents in the city's Ramna
Ramna
Race Course beside the Dhaka
Dhaka
Club. The Viceroy of India
Viceroy of India
would often dine and entertain with Bengali aristocrats in the city. Automobiles began appearing after the turn of the century. By the early-20th century, Dhaka
Dhaka
projected itself as the standard bearer of Muslim
Muslim
minorities in British India; as opposed to the heavily Hindu-dominated city of Calcutta.[34] During the abortive Partition of Bengal in 1905, Dhaka
Dhaka
became the short lived capital of Eastern Bengal and Assam. In 1906, the All India Muslim League
All India Muslim League
was formed at the Ahsan Manzil, during a conference on liberal education hosted by Nawab Sir Khawja Salimullah. Bengal was reunited in 1911. The University of Dhaka
University of Dhaka
was established in 1921 by an Act passed in the Imperial Legislative
Legislative
Council. It started with 3 faculties and 12 departments, covering the subjects of Sanskrit, Bengali, English, Education, History, Arabic, Islamic
Islamic
Studies, Persian, Urdu, Philosophy, Economics, Politics, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Law. The East Bengal
East Bengal
Cinematograph Company produced the first full length silent movies in Dhaka
Dhaka
during the 1920s, including Sukumari and The Last Kiss.[43] DEVCO, a subsidiary of the Occtavian Steel
Steel
Company, began widescale power distribution in 1930.[42] The Tejgaon Airport was constructed during World War II
World War II
as a base for Allied Forces. The Dhaka Medical College
Dhaka Medical College
was established in 1946.

Dhaka
Dhaka
in the 1950s. The picture shows the clock tower of the DIT Building and the Bibi Mariam Cannon

Dhaka's central business district in the 1960s

With the Partition of British India
British India
in 1947, Dhaka
Dhaka
became the capital of East Bengal
East Bengal
(1947-1955) and East Pakistan
East Pakistan
(1955-1971). It hosted the largest legislature in Pakistan, as East Bengalis compromised the majority of the new state's population. Dhaka's urban population increased dramatically because of Muslim
Muslim
migration from across Bengal and other parts of the subcontinent.[44] Dhaka
Dhaka
began to see rapid urban expansion from the 1950s. The East Pakistan
East Pakistan
Stock Exchange Association was formed on 28 April 1954 and later became the Dhaka Stock Exchange. Orient Airways, founded by the East Pakistani industrialist Mirza Ahmad Ispahani, began the first commercial flight between Dhaka
Dhaka
and Karachi
Karachi
on 6 June 1954. The airline later evolved into Pakistan
Pakistan
International Airlines. The Dhaka
Dhaka
Improvement Trust was established in 1956 to coordinate the city's development. The first master plan for the city was drawn up in 1959.[45] Several countries opened consulates in Dhaka, including the United States, India, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China. The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
established a research center (now called ICDDR,B) for combating disease in 1960. As early as 1947, there were demands for Dhaka
Dhaka
to host the parliament of the federation of Pakistan. Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah
Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah
stated that the country's Constituent Assembly should meet in East Bengal
East Bengal
due to the region's large population. In 1962, President Ayub Khan designated Dhaka
Dhaka
as the seat of the proposed National Assembly outlined in the 1962 Constitution. The government appointed Louis Kahn and Muzharul Islam
Muzharul Islam
to design a capitol complex in Dhaka. The city was declared as the country's legislative capital.[46] The Inter-Continental Hotel of Dhaka, designed by William B. Tabler, opened in 1966 in Ramna. The East Pakistan
East Pakistan
Helicopter Service connected Dhaka
Dhaka
with other regional cities as part of the largest commercial helicopter network in the world. The Awami League
Awami League
was formed at the Rose Garden Palace
Rose Garden Palace
in 1949 as the Bengali alternative to the domination of the Muslim
Muslim
League in Pakistan.[47] Growing political, cultural and economic rifts emerged between the two wings of the country. The Bengali Language Movement reached its peak in 1952.[48] Dhaka
Dhaka
remained a center of revolutionary and political activity, as student activism and demands for autonomy increased. The Six point movement
Six point movement
in 1966 was widely supported by the city's residents. The city had an influential press, with prominent newspapers like the Ittefaq and the Weekly Holiday. During the political and constitutional crisis in 1971, the military junta led by Yahya Khan
Yahya Khan
refused to transfer power to the newly elected National Assembly, causing mass riots, civil disobedience and a movement for self-determination. On 7 March 1971, Awami League
Awami League
leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman addressed a massive public gathering at the Ramna
Ramna
Race Course Maidan in Dhaka, in which he warned of an independence struggle.[49][50] Subsequently, East Pakistan
East Pakistan
came under a non-co-operation movement against the Pakistani state. On Pakistan's Republic Day (23 March 1971), Bangladeshi flags were hoisted throughout Dhaka
Dhaka
in a show of resistance.[51] On 25 March 1971, the Pakistan
Pakistan
Army launched military operations under Operation Searchlight
Operation Searchlight
against the population of East Pakistan.[52] Dhaka
Dhaka
bore the brunt of the army's atrocities, witnessing a genocide and a campaign of widescale repression, with the arrest, torture and murder of the city's civilians, students, intelligentsia, political activists and religious minorities. The army faced mutinies from the East Pakistan
East Pakistan
Rifles and the Bengali police.[53] Large parts of the city were burnt and destroyed, including Hindu neighborhoods.[52] Much of the city's population was either displaced or forced to flee to the countryside.[54] In the ensuing Bangladesh
Bangladesh
War of Independence, the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Forces launched regular guerrilla attacks and ambush operations against Pakistani forces. Dhaka
Dhaka
was struck with numerous air raids by the Indian Air Force in December.[55] Dhaka
Dhaka
witnessed the surrender of the west Pakistan
Pakistan
forces in front of the Bangladesh-India Allied Forces
Allied Forces
on 16 December 1971 with the surrender of Pakistan.[56]

The Dhaka
Dhaka
skyline in 2007.

Dhaka
Dhaka
was declared the national capital by the Constituent Assembly of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
in 1972. The post-independence period witnessed rapid growth as Dhaka
Dhaka
attracted migrant workers from across rural Bangladesh. 60% of population growth has been due to rural migration.[57] The city endured socialist unrest in the early 1970s, followed by a few years of martial law. The stock exchange and free market were restored in the late 1970s. In the 1980s, Dhaka
Dhaka
saw the inauguration of the National Parliament House (which won the Aga Khan Award for Architecture), a new international airport and the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
National Museum. Bangladesh
Bangladesh
pioneered the formation of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
(SAARC) and hosted its first summit in Dhaka
Dhaka
in 1985.[58] A mass uprising in 1990 led to the return of parliamentary democracy. Dhaka
Dhaka
has hosted a trilateral summit between India, Pakistan
Pakistan
and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
in 1998;[59] the summit of the D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation
D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation
in 1999 and conferences of the Commonwealth, SAARC, the OIC and United Nations agencies during various years. In the 1990s and 2000s, Dhaka
Dhaka
experienced improved economic growth and the emergence of affluent business districts and satellite towns.[60] Between 1990 and 2005, the city's population doubled from 6 million to 12 million.[61] There has been increased foreign investment in the city, particularly in the financial and textile manufacturing sectors. But frequent hartals by political parties have greatly hampered the city's economy.[62] The hartal rate declined since 2014. In some years, the city experienced a widespread flash flood during the monsoon. Dhaka
Dhaka
is one of the fastest growing megacities in the world.[63] It is predicted to be one of the world's largest metropolises by 2025, along with Tokyo, Mexico
Mexico
City, Shanghai, Beijing
Beijing
and New York City.[64] Dhaka
Dhaka
remains one of the poorest megacities. Most of its population are rural migrants, including climate refugees.[65] Blue-collar workers are often housed in slums. Congestion is one of the most prominent features of modern Dhaka. In 2014, it was reported that only 7% of the city was covered by roads.[66] The first phase of the Dhaka Metro Rail is planned for opening in 2021, coinciding with the golden jubilee of Bangladesh's independence. Geography[edit] See also: Geography of Bangladesh

Delonix regia
Delonix regia
trees blooming in Dhaka
Dhaka
during the summer

Topography[edit]

View of Dhaka
Dhaka
from the International Space Station

Dhaka
Dhaka
is located in central Bangladesh
Bangladesh
at 23°42′N 90°22′E / 23.700°N 90.367°E / 23.700; 90.367, on the eastern banks of the Buriganga River. The city lies on the lower reaches of the Ganges Delta and covers a total area of 306.38 square kilometres (118.29 sq mi). Tropical vegetation and moist soils characterize the land, which is flat and close to sea level. This leaves Dhaka
Dhaka
susceptible to flooding during the monsoon seasons owing to heavy rainfall and cyclones.[67] Dhaka District
Dhaka District
is bounded by the districts of Gazipur, Tangail, Munshiganj, Rajbari, Narayanganj, Manikganj. Climate[edit] Main article: Climate of Dhaka Under the Köppen climate classification, Dhaka
Dhaka
has a tropical savanna climate. The city has a distinct monsoonal season, with an annual average temperature of 26 °C (79 °F) and monthly means varying between 19 °C (66 °F) in January and 29 °C (84 °F) in May.[68] Approximately 87% of the annual average rainfall of 2,123 millimetres (83.6 inches) occurs between May and October.[68] Increasing air and water pollution emanating from traffic congestion and industrial waste are serious problems affecting public health and the quality of life in the city.[69] Water bodies and wetlands around Dhaka
Dhaka
are facing destruction as these are being filled up to construct multi-storied buildings and other real estate developments. Coupled with pollution, such erosion of natural habitats threatens to destroy much of the regional biodiversity.[69]

Climate data for Dhaka

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 31.1 (88) 34.4 (93.9) 40.6 (105.1) 42.2 (108) 41.1 (106) 36.7 (98.1) 35.0 (95) 36.1 (97) 36.7 (98.1) 37.2 (99) 34.4 (93.9) 30.6 (87.1) 42.2 (108)

Average high °C (°F) 25.4 (77.7) 28.1 (82.6) 32.5 (90.5) 33.7 (92.7) 32.9 (91.2) 32.1 (89.8) 31.4 (88.5) 31.6 (88.9) 31.6 (88.9) 31.6 (88.9) 29.6 (85.3) 26.4 (79.5) 30.6 (87.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 19.1 (66.4) 21.8 (71.2) 26.5 (79.7) 28.7 (83.7) 28.7 (83.7) 29.1 (84.4) 28.8 (83.8) 29.0 (84.2) 28.8 (83.8) 27.7 (81.9) 24.4 (75.9) 20.3 (68.5) 26.1 (79)

Average low °C (°F) 12.7 (54.9) 15.5 (59.9) 20.4 (68.7) 23.6 (74.5) 24.5 (76.1) 26.1 (79) 26.2 (79.2) 26.3 (79.3) 25.9 (78.6) 23.8 (74.8) 19.2 (66.6) 14.1 (57.4) 21.5 (70.7)

Record low °C (°F) 6.1 (43) 6.7 (44.1) 10.6 (51.1) 16.7 (62.1) 14.4 (57.9) 19.4 (66.9) 21.1 (70) 21.7 (71.1) 21.1 (70) 17.2 (63) 11.1 (52) 7.2 (45) 6.1 (43)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.7 (0.303) 28.9 (1.138) 65.8 (2.591) 156.3 (6.154) 339.4 (13.362) 340.4 (13.402) 373.1 (14.689) 316.5 (12.461) 300.4 (11.827) 172.3 (6.783) 34.4 (1.354) 12.8 (0.504) 2,148 (84.567)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1 1 3 6 11 16 12 16 12 7 1 0 86

Average relative humidity (%) 46 37 38 42 59 72 72 74 71 65 53 50 57

Mean monthly sunshine hours 279 226 217 180 155 90 62 62 90 186 240 279 2,066

Source #1: Weatherbase (normals, 30 yr period)[70]

Source #2: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial (extremes),[71] BBC Weather (humidity and sun)[72]

Parks and greenery[edit] There are many parks within Dhaka
Dhaka
city, including Ramna
Ramna
Park, Suhrawardy Udyan, Shishu Park, National Botanical Garden, Baldha Garden, Chandrima Uddan, Gulshan Park and Dhaka
Dhaka
Zoo. There are lakes within city, such as Crescent lake, Dhanmondi
Dhanmondi
lake, Baridhara-Gulshan lake, Banani lake, Uttara lake and Hatirjheel-Begunbari lake. Hatirjheel-Begunbari, which was once a slum area, has turned into a new place of recreation for city dwellers. Hatirjheel
Hatirjheel
covering 320 acres (129 ha) is transformed into a place of festivity at night but with serenity settling down. However, the parks and the recreation places are often crowded and lacks security and cleanliness aspects, which is yet one of the big issues. Government[edit] Capital city[edit]

The National Parliament House in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar

As the capital of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka
Dhaka
is the home to numerous state and diplomatic institutions. The Bangabhaban
Bangabhaban
is the official residence and workplace of the President of Bangladesh, who is the ceremonial head of state under the constitution. The National Parliament House is located in the modernist capital complex designed by Louis Kahn
Louis Kahn
in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar. The Gonobhaban, the official residence of the Prime Minister, is situated on the north side of Parliament. The Prime Minister's Office is located in Tejgaon. Most ministries of the Government of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
are housed in the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Secretariat.[73] The Supreme Court, the Dhaka
Dhaka
High Court and the Foreign Ministry are located in the Ramna
Ramna
area. The Defence Ministry and the Ministry of Planning are located in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar.[73] The Armed Forces Division
Armed Forces Division
of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Government and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Armed Forces headquarters are located in Dhaka Cantonment.[73] Several important installations of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Army are also situated in Dhaka
Dhaka
and Mirpur Cantonments. Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Navy's principal administrative and logistics base BNS Haji Mohshin is located in Dhaka.[74] Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Air Force maintains the BAF Bangabandhu Air Base and BAF Khademul Bashar Air Base in Dhaka.[75] Dhaka
Dhaka
hosts 54 resident embassies and high commissions and numerous international organizations. Most diplomatic missions are located in Gulshan and Baridhara area of the city. The Agargaon area near Parliament is home to the country offices of the United Nations, the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank
Asian Development Bank
and the Islamic
Islamic
Development Bank. Civic administration[edit]

Nagar Bhaban

Dhaka
Dhaka
City Corporation
City Corporation
is a self-governing corporation which runs the affairs of the city. Dhaka
Dhaka
municipality was founded on 1 August 1864,[76] and upgraded to "Metropolitan" status in 1978. In 1983 City Corporation was created to govern Dhaka.[77] Under new act in 1993, election was held in 1994 for the first elected Mayor of Dhaka.[78] In 2011, Dhaka
Dhaka
City Corporation
City Corporation
was split into two separate corporations – Dhaka
Dhaka
North City Corporation
City Corporation
and Dhaka
Dhaka
South City Corporation
City Corporation
for ensuring better civic facilities.[79] These two corporations are headed by two two mayor, who are elected by direct vote of the citizen for a 5-year period. Area within city corporations divided into several wards, which each have an elected commissioner. In total the city has 130 wards and 725 mohallas. RAJUK
RAJUK
is responsible for coordinating urban development in Greater Dhaka
Dhaka
area.[80] DMP is responsible for maintaining law & order within the metro area. It was established in 1976. DMP has 56 police stations as administrative units.[81][82]

Administrative agencies[edit] Unlike other mega cities around the world, Dhaka
Dhaka
is serviced by over two dozen government organizations under different ministries. Lack of co-ordination among them and centralization of all powers by the Government of Bangladesh, keeps the development and maintenance of the city in a chaotic situation.[83]

Agency Service Parent agency

Dhaka
Dhaka
North City Corporation Dhaka
Dhaka
South City Corporation Public service Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives  ∟ Local Government Division

Dhaka
Dhaka
Metropolitan Police Law enforcement Ministry of Home Affairs  ∟ Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Police

RAJUK Urban planning Ministry of Housing and Public Works

Dhaka
Dhaka
Electric Supply Company Limited Dhaka
Dhaka
Power Distribution Company Limited Power distribution Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources  ∟ Power Division

Dhaka
Dhaka
WASA Water supply Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives  ∟ Local Government Division

Dhaka
Dhaka
Transport
Transport
Coordination Authority Transport Ministry of Road Transport
Transport
and Bridges  ∟Road Transport
Transport
and Highways Division

Economy[edit] See also: Economy of Dhaka, Economy of Bangladesh, List of companies of Bangladesh, and List of banks in Bangladesh

Night view of Paltan
Paltan
area

City Centre – currently the tallest building of Bangladesh, at Motijheel
Motijheel
business district in Dhaka

According to TIME
TIME
magazine in 2011, "the newly minted megacity of Dhaka
Dhaka
stands as the country's political and business center. The city has increasingly enveloped the surrounding rural towns as each year more than half a million laborers relocate from elsewhere in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
to the capital. The good news is foreign and domestic investment is bustling, but scientists fear that the city will not be able to support such a population explosion. Dhaka
Dhaka
is three times larger than Bangladesh's second largest urban area of Chittagong
Chittagong
and is already bursting at the seams. Additionally, the city's precarious location in the low-lying Ganges delta, coupled with a poor drainage system, makes the area prone to flooding during the monsoon. But despite its problems, the city is undeniably where the majority of job opportunities in the country reside — including 75% of the nation's factory jobs. In an attempt to curb the rapid urbanization, the government is in the process of implementing a tax holiday for new constructions outside the city".[84] The Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranks Dhaka
Dhaka
as a beta world city. The city is home to the country's monetary authority, the Bangladesh Bank, and the largest stock market, the Dhaka
Dhaka
Stock Exchange. The central business district in Motijheel
Motijheel
& Dilkusha is the largest in Bangladesh. Other emerging CBDs include Kawran Bazar, Paltan, Mohakhali, Gulshan, Bashundhara, Uttara and Banani. The city has a growing middle class, driving the market for modern consumer and luxury goods.[20][85] Restaurants, shopping malls and luxury hotels continue to serve as vital elements in the city's economy. The city has historically attracted numerous migrant workers.[86] Hawkers, peddlers, small shops, rickshaw transport, roadside vendors and stalls employ a large segment of the population[86][87] – rickshaw-drivers alone number as many as 400,000.[88] Half the workforce is employed in household and unorganised labour, while about 800,000 work in the textile industry. The unemployment rate in Dhaka
Dhaka
was 23% in 2013.[89] Dhaka
Dhaka
has rising congestion and inadequate infrastructure; the national government has recently implemented a policy for rapid urbanization of surrounding areas and beyond by the introduction of a ten-year relief on income tax for new construction of facilities and buildings outside Dhaka.[90] Education, healthcare, engineering and consultancy services are major sectors of city's economy. Administrative and security services are also concentrated in the city. The technologically advanced Bangladeshi pharmaceutical industry is based in Dhaka. Textile manufacturing
Textile manufacturing
is the principal export generator, with billions of dollars in revenue made by factories within and around the city. Leather
Leather
goods, vegetable oils, electronics and consumer goods are other manufacturing sectors found in Dhaka. The Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Export Processing Zone Authority's Dhaka
Dhaka
EPZ in Savar
Savar
is an important hub for foreign and local manufacturers. Bangladeshi conglomerates like Beximco
Beximco
operate many industrial parks near the city. The city is home to Bangladeshi banks, telecom companies, media companies and many of its largest conglomerates, including Rahimafrooz, the Pran-RFL Group, Bashundhara Group, Transcom Group, Jamuna Group and Akij Group among others. The Dhaka-based Grameen Bank won the Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
in 2006. The Metropolitan Chamber of Commerce & Industry is the oldest chamber of commerce in Dhaka, having been established in 1904 in the Port of Narayanganj. The Dhaka
Dhaka
Chamber of Commerce & Industry was established in 1958. The Federation of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Chambers of Commerce & Industries (FBCCI) is the apex chamber of commerce in both Dhaka and Bangladesh. The Bangladesh
Bangladesh
International Arbitration Center handles commercial disputes. The Port of Dhaka
Port of Dhaka
is one of the busiest river ports in the world. The Port of Pangaon has been developed to cater to ocean-going vessels from the Bay of Bengal. Dhaka
Dhaka
hosts the headquarters of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation. Demographics[edit] See also: Demographics of Bangladesh

Riproduci file multimediale

NASA animation showing the urban growth of Dhaka
Dhaka
from 1972 to 2001.

The city, in combination with localities forming the wider metropolitan area, is home to over 15 million as of 2013[update].[91] The population is growing by an estimated 4.2% per year, one of the highest rates amongst the Asian cities.[86] The continuing growth reflects ongoing migration from rural areas to the Dhaka
Dhaka
urban region, which accounted for 60% of the city's growth in the 1960s and 1970s. More recently, the city's population has also grown with the expansion of city boundaries, a process that added more than a million people to the city in the 1980s.[86] According to the Far Eastern Economic Review, Dhaka
Dhaka
will be home to 25 million people by the end of 2025.[92]

Baitul Mukarram
Baitul Mukarram
National Mosque

Dhakeshwari
Dhakeshwari
National Temple

St. Mary's Cathedral, Dhaka

The literacy rate in Dhaka
Dhaka
is also increasing quickly. It was estimated at 69.2% in 2001. The literacy rate had gone up to 74.6% by 2011[8] which is significantly higher than the national average of 51.77%.[93] The city population is composed of people from virtually every region of Bangladesh. The long-standing inhabitants of the old city are known as Dhakaia/Dhakaiite and have a distinctive dialect and culture. Between 15,000 and 20,000 of the Rohingya, Santal, Khasi, Garo, Chakma and Mandi tribal peoples reside in the city.[94] Dhaka
Dhaka
also has a large population of European, Chinese, Korean, Indian, Pakistani, Nepali, Burmese and Sri Lankan expatriates working in executive jobs in different industries. Dhaka
Dhaka
is also home to over 300,000 Bihari refugees, who are descendants of migrant Muslims
Muslims
from eastern India during 1947 and settled down in East Pakistan. The correct population is ambiguous; although official figures estimate at least 40,000 residents,[95] it is estimated that there are at least 300,000 Urdu-speakers in all of Bangladesh, mostly residing in refugee camps in Dhaka.[96][97] Bengali, the national language, is spoken by the predominant majority population of Dhaka. English is the principal second language and widely spoken by educated peoples. There is a minority Urdu-speaking population from India
India
and Pakistan. Islam is the dominant religion of the city, with 90% of the population being Muslim, and a majority belonging to the Sunni
Sunni
sect. There is also a small Shia
Shia
sect, and an Ahmadiya community. Hinduism is the second-largest religion and comprises 8.2% of the population. Smaller segments practice Christianity and Buddhism.[98] The city also has Ismaili, Sikh, Hrishi & Bahá'í Faith communities. Culture[edit] Main article: Culture of Dhaka Arts and festivals[edit]

Horse-drawn carriages still run in some parts of Dhaka

The Central Shaheed Minar on Language Movement Day

Dhaka's annual Mangal Shobhajatra
Mangal Shobhajatra
during the Bengali New Year
Bengali New Year
is recognized by UNESCO
UNESCO
as an intangible cultural heritage of humanity

As the most populous city of Bangladesh, Dhaka
Dhaka
has a vibrant cultural life. Annual celebrations for Independence Day (26 March), Language Martyrs' Day (21 February) and Victory Day (16 December) are prominently celebrated across the city. Dhaka's people congregate at the Shaheed Minar and the Jatiyo Smriti Soudho
Jatiyo Smriti Soudho
to remember the national heroes of the liberation war. These occasions are observed with public ceremonies and rallies in public grounds. Many schools and colleges organise fairs, festivals and concerts in which citizens from all levels of society participate.[99] Pohela Baishakh, the Bengali New Year, falls annually on 14 April and is popularly celebrated across the city.[99] Large crowds of people gather on the streets of Shahbag, Ramna Park
Ramna Park
and the campus of the University of Dhaka
University of Dhaka
for celebrations. Pahela Falgun
Pahela Falgun
(Bengali: পহেলা ফাল্গুন, first day of Spring of Bengali month Falgun, of the Bengali calendar, also celebrated in the city in a festive manner.[100] This day is marked with colourful celebration and traditionally, women wear yellow saris to celebrate this day. This celebration is also known as Basanta Utsab (Bengali: বসন্ত উৎসব; Spring Festival). Nabanna
Nabanna
is a celebration for harvest, usually celebrated with food and dance and music on the 1st day of the month of Agrahayan of Bengali year. Birthdays of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam
Kazi Nazrul Islam
are observed respectively as Rabindra Jayanti and Nazrul Jayanti. Ekushey Book Fair, which is arranged each year by Bangla Academy
Bangla Academy
and takes place for the whole month of February. This event is dedicated to the martyrs who died on 21 February 1952 in a demonstration calling for the establishment of Bengali as one of the state languages of former East Pakistan. Muslim
Muslim
festivals of Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha, Eid-E-Miladunnabi and Muharram; Hindu festivals of Durga Puja, Buddhist festival of Buddha Purnima; and Christian festival of Christmas
Christmas
witness widespread celebrations across the city. The most popular dressing style for women are sarees or salwar kameez, while men usually prefer western clothing to the traditional lungi with Panjabi. Jamdani
Jamdani
saree of Dhaka
Dhaka
is part of its cultural heritage, originate from the Mughal era. Jamdani
Jamdani
sarees are 100% hand weaved and a single saree may take as long as 3 months to complete.[101] Despite the growing popularity of music groups and rock bands, traditional folk music remains widely popular.[102] The works of the national poet Kazi Nazrul Islam
Kazi Nazrul Islam
and national anthem writer Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore
have a widespread following across Dhaka.[103] The Baily Road area is known as Natak Para (Theatre Neighbourhood) which is the center of Dhaka's thriving theatre movement.[104] Indian and Western music and films are popular with large segments of Dhaka's population.[105] For much of recent history, Dhaka
Dhaka
was characterized by roadside markets and small shops that sold a wide variety of goods.[106] Recent years have seen the widespread construction of shopping malls.[107] Two of the largest shopping malls in Dhaka
Dhaka
and perhaps in the Indian subcontinent are Jamuna Future Park
Jamuna Future Park
and Bashundhara City
Bashundhara City
shopping mall. Cuisines[edit]

Iftar items being sold during Ramadan

See also: Bangladeshi cuisine Dhaka
Dhaka
is reputed for its unique traditional festivities and food delicacies from way back. It hosts a wide-ranging menu of distinctive dishes many of which were introduced during the regime of Sultani and Mughal Period. Due to different ruling periods, the cuisine of Dhaka is versatile and with a rich culinary tradition. Like other parts of the country, everyday meals generally include plain steamed rice as staple food with fish, meat, vegetable curries and lentil soup is common accompaniment. Plain rice is often replaced by roti or parata. Curry
Curry
is the most popular style of preparing dishes. But Old Dhaka
Old Dhaka
area has its own unique food tradition, known as Dhakaiya food. Old Dhaka
Old Dhaka
is famous for its Morog (Chicken) Pulao" it is different from traditional biryani by using both turmeric and malai or cream of milk together.[108] Famous dishes of Old Dhaka
Old Dhaka
are kebabs, naans, bakharkhani, kachchi and pakki biryani, haleem, mutton bhuni kichuri, mutton tehari etc. Dhakai Bakarkhani
Bakarkhani
is the traditional food or snack of the people of old Dhaka. It is famous for its quality and taste and it was highly praised by the royal court of the Mughal Empire in Delhi.[109] Along with Bangladeshi cuisine
Bangladeshi cuisine
and South Asian variants, a large variety of Western and Chinese cuisine
Chinese cuisine
is served at numerous restaurants and eateries.[85] Often many restaurants customize fusion dishes which blends foreign and local cuisines to meet local taste. Local and international fast food shops and chains serve burgers, fries and other readily available foods. Street foods like Burhani, Lassi
Lassi
and Phuchka
Phuchka
are highly popular among locals and tourists. Chita Pitha/ছিটা পিঠা & Bhapha Pitha/ভাপা পিঠা, a type of easy cake, made from rice flour also popular as street food. Fast-food chains like A&W, Burger King, KFC, Nando's, Pizza Hut, Pizza Inn and Sbarro have opened up their outlets in major areas of the city. Dhaka's delicacies such as Biriani
Biriani
from Haji's, Nanna's and Fakhruddin, Dhaka
Dhaka
Cheese, Star Kabab
Kabab
still remain popular for dine. The city has numerous venerable Bengali confectionery chains, including Banoful, Alauddin, Bikrampur Mishti Bhandar and Rashmela Architecture[edit] See also: List of tallest buildings in Dhaka

Gateway of Bara Katra

Department of Chemistry, Dhaka
Dhaka
University

Northbrook Hall

Dhanmondi
Dhanmondi
Shahi Eidgah

Bangla Academy

Khan Mohammad Mridha Mosque

Dome of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh

Ruplal House, a mansion in Farashganj (French Town)

A facade on a colonial house in Old Dhaka

Minarets of the Hussaini Dalan

A statue in the Armenian Church, Dhaka

Dhaka
Dhaka
is home to over 2000 buildings built between the 16th and 19th centuries, which form an integral part of Dhaka's cultural heritage. Such as Binat Bibi Mosque, Lalbagh Fort, Ahsan Manzil, Tara Mosque, Chawk Mosque, Hussaini Dalan, Armenian Church, Curzon Hall, Dhaka Gate, Dhanmondi
Dhanmondi
Shahi Eidgah, Rose Garden Palace, Choto Katra, Bara Katra, Dhakeshwari
Dhakeshwari
Temple, Swami Bagh Temple, Ramna
Ramna
Kali Mandir, Holy Rosary Church, Pogose School. There are still many colonial buildings at Dhaka
Dhaka
Sadarghat, Armanitola, Farashganj areas of Old Dhaka. Binat Bibi Mosque was built in 1454 at Narinda area of Dhaka
Dhaka
during the reign of the Sultan of Bengal, Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah (r. 1435 – 1459),[110] which is the oldest brick structure that still exists in the city.[111] Important landmark buildings constructed during British rule include Old Highcourt building, Bangabhaban, Curzon Hall
Curzon Hall
and Mitford Hospital. Architect Louis I Kahn's acclaimed modernist National Capital Complex, based on the geography and heritage of Bengal, was inaugurated in Dhaka
Dhaka
in 1982 as one of the largest legislative complexes in the world, comprising 200 acres (800,000 m²).[112] Designed by American architect Robert Boughey, Kamalapur railway station
Kamalapur railway station
is another architectural marvel, which was constructed in the early 1960s and started its operation from 1969. Independence Monument (Bengali: স্বাধীনতা স্তম্ভ) is a new landmark, which was built to commemorate the historical events that took place in the Suhrawardy Udyan
Suhrawardy Udyan
during the Liberation War of Bangladesh. There are many museums in the city. Such as Ahsan Manzil, Bangladesh National Museum, Museum of Independence, Liberation War Museum, National Museum of Science and Technology (Bangladesh), Bangabandhu Memorial Museum etc. Media[edit] Dhaka
Dhaka
is also the press, media and entertainment center of Bangladesh. Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Betar is the state-run primary provider of radio services, and broadcasts a variety of programming in Bengali and English. Radio transmission started in Dhaka
Dhaka
on 16 December 1939. In recent years many private radio networks, especially FM radio services, have been established in the city such as Radio Foorti
Radio Foorti
FM 88.0, Radio Aamar FM 88.4, ABC Radio FM 89.2, Radio Today
Radio Today
FM 89.6, DhakaFM 90.4, Peoples Radio 91.6 FM, Radio Bhumi
Radio Bhumi
FM 92.8, City FM 96.0 etc. Bangladesh Television is the state-run broadcasting network that provides a wide variety of programmes in Bengali and English. It started broadcasting on 25 December 1964. It also operates a sister channel BTV World since 2004. Sangsad Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is another government-owned TV channel that broadcasts parliamentary activity of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
since 25 January 2011. Cable and satellite networks such as ATN Bangla, ATN News, Banglavision, Channel i, Channel 9, Ekushey Television, Gaan Bangla, Gazi Television, Independent TV, NTV, RTV and Somoy TV
Somoy TV
are amongst the most popular channels. The main offices of most publishing houses in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
are based in Dhaka. Dhaka
Dhaka
is home to the largest Bangladeshi newspapers, including the leading Bengali dailies Prothom Alo, Ittefaq, Inqilab, Janakantha, Amar Desh
Amar Desh
and Jugantor. The leading English-language newspapers include The Daily Star, Dhaka
Dhaka
Tribune, The Financial Express, The Independent and New Age.[113] Education[edit] See also: Education in Bangladesh

The Teacher-Student Centre in Dhaka
Dhaka
University, designed by Constantinos Apostolou Doxiadis, is one of the major student hubs of the city

Dhaka
Dhaka
has the largest number of schools, colleges and universities of any Bangladeshi city. The education system is divided into 5 levels: Primary (from grades 1 to 6), Junior (from grades 6 to 8), Secondary (from grades 9 to 10), Higher Secondary (from grades 11 to 12) and tertiary.[114] The five years of Primary education concludes with a Primary School Completion (PSC) Examination, the three years of Junior education concludes with Junior School Certificate (JSC) Examination, and next two years of Secondary education concludes with a Secondary School Certificate (SSC) Examination. Students who pass this examination proceed to two years of Higher Secondary or intermediate training, which culminate in a Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSC) Examination.[114] Education is mainly offered in Bengali, but English is also widely taught and used. Many Muslim
Muslim
families send their children to attend part-time courses or even to pursue full-time religious education alongside other subjects, which is imparted in Bengali and Arabic in schools, colleges and madrasas.[114] There are 52 universities in Dhaka. Dhaka College
Dhaka College
is the oldest institution for higher education in the city and among the earliest established in British India, founded in 1841. Since independence, Dhaka
Dhaka
has seen the establishment of numerous public and private colleges and universities that offer undergraduate and graduate degrees as well as a variety of doctoral programmes.[115] University of Dhaka
Dhaka
is the oldest public university[116] in the country which has more than 30,000 students and 1,800 faculty staff. It was established in 1921 being the first university in the region. The university has 23 research centers and 70 departments, faculties and institutes.[117] Eminent seats of higher education include Bangladesh
Bangladesh
University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Jagannath University
Jagannath University
and Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural
Agricultural
University. Dhaka Medical College
Dhaka Medical College
and Sir Salimullah Medical College are two of the best medical colleges in the nation.[118] Founded in 1875, Dhaka
Dhaka
Medical School was the first medical school in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
(then British East Bengal), which became Sir Salimullah Medical College in 1962.[119] Other government medical colleges are Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College
Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College
and Armed Forces Medical College, Dhaka. Alongside public institutes of higher education there are some forty-five private universities in Dhaka. Bangladesh(see:List of universities in Bangladesh), most of which are located in Mohakhali, Gulshan, Banani, Baridhara, Bashundhara, Uttara and Dhanmondi
Dhanmondi
areas of the city. The British Council
British Council
plays an important role helping students to achieve GCSE and A Level
A Level
qualifications from examination boards in the United Kingdom. This is in addition to holding several examinations for professional bodies in the United Kingdom, including the UK medical Royal Colleges and Accountancy. Sports[edit]

Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket
Cricket
Stadium, Mirpur

Cricket
Cricket
and football are the two most popular sports in Dhaka
Dhaka
and across the nation.[120] Teams are fielded in intra-city and national competitions by many schools, colleges and private entities. The Mohammedan Sporting Club and Abahani are two of the most famous football and cricket teams, maintaining a fierce rivalry, especially in the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Football Premier League.[121] Dhaka
Dhaka
Metropolis cricket team represents Dhaka
Dhaka
city in the National Cricket
Cricket
League, a region-based domestic first-class cricket competition in Bangladesh. Dhaka
Dhaka
Premier League is the only domestic List A cricket tournament now in Bangladesh. It gained List A status in 2013–14 season.[122] In domestic Twenty20
Twenty20
cricket, Dhaka
Dhaka
has a BPL franchise known as Dhaka Dynamites. Dhaka
Dhaka
has the distinction of having hosted the first official Test cricket match of the Pakistan
Pakistan
cricket team in 1954 against India.[123] The Bangabandhu National Stadium
Bangabandhu National Stadium
was formerly the main venue for domestic and international cricket matches, but now exclusively hosts football matches.[123] It was used during Pakistan
Pakistan
colonial era for Test matches when no Bengalis were selected in team and a matting pitch was used. It hosted the opening ceremony[124] of the 2011 Cricket
Cricket
World Cup while the Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket
Cricket
Stadium, exclusively used for cricket, hosted 6 matches of the tournament including two quarter-final matches.[125] Dhaka
Dhaka
has also hosted the South Asian Games three times, in 1985, 1993 and 2010. Dhaka
Dhaka
is the first city to host the games three times. The Bangabandhu National Stadium was the main venue for all three editions.[126] Dhaka
Dhaka
also hosted the ICC World Twenty20, along with Chittagong
Chittagong
and Sylhet, in 2014. The National Sports Council, responsible for promoting sports activities across the nation, is based in Dhaka. Dhaka
Dhaka
also has stadiums largely used for domestic events such as the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Army Stadium, the Bir Sherestha Shaheed Shipahi Mostafa Kamal Stadium, the Dhanmondi
Dhanmondi
Cricket
Cricket
Stadium and the Outer Stadium Ground.[127] The Dhaka University Ground and the BUET Sports Ground host many intercollegiate tournaments.[128] They are also used as practice ground by different football clubs and visiting foreign national football teams. There are two golf courses in Dhaka. One is situated at Army Golf Club and another is situated at Kurmitola Golf Club.[129] Transport[edit] See also: Dhaka
Dhaka
Metro Rail

Kuril Flyover

Maghbazar-Mahakhali Flyover

Flyover in Dhaka's outskirts

Bridges over the Hatirjheel
Hatirjheel
canal

Road[edit]

Cycle rickshaws are the most popular mode of transport in Dhaka

Double-decker bus of BRTC

Dhaka
Dhaka
is connected to the other parts of the country through highway and railway links. Five of the eight major national highways of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
start from the city. They are- N1, N2, N3, N5 and N8. Dhaka is also directly connected to two longest routes of Asian Highway Network- AH1
AH1
and AH2, as well as to AH41
AH41
route. Highway links to the Indian cities of Kolkata, Agartala, Guwahati
Guwahati
and Shillong
Shillong
have been established by the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Road Transport
Transport
Corporation (BRTC) and private bus companies which also run regular international bus services to those cities from Dhaka.[130][131] An elevated expressway system is under construction.[132] The Dhaka Elevated Expressway would run from Shahjalal International Airport-Kuril-Banani-Mohakhali-Tejgaon-Saatrasta-Moghbazar Rail Crossing-Khilgaon-Kamalapur-Golapbagh to Dhaka- Chittagong
Chittagong
Highway at Kutubkhali Point. A longer second elevated expressway from Airport-Ashulia is currently undergoing feasibility study.[133] There are 3 inter-district bus terminals in Dhaka, which are located at Mohakhali, Saidabad and Gabtoli area of the city. Dhaka
Dhaka
suffers some of the worst traffic congestion in the world. The city lacks an organized public transport system. Construction of MRT and a BRT is currently going on to solve the problem. Cycle rickshaws and auto rickshaws are the main mode of transport within metro area, with close to 400,000 rickshaws running each day: the highest number in any city in the world.[134][135][136][137][85][87] However, only about 85,000 rickshaws are licensed by the city government.[86][138] Relatively low-cost and non-polluting cycle rickshaws, nevertheless, cause traffic congestion and have been banned from many parts of the city. The government has overseen the replacement of two-stroke engine auto rickshaws with "Green auto-rickshaws" locally called CNG auto-rickshaw or Baby-taxi, which run on compressed natural gas.[139] Public buses are operated by the state-run Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Road Transport Corporation (BRTC) and by numerous private companies and operators. Scooters, taxis and privately owned cars are rapidly becoming popular with the city's growing middle class.Limited numbers of Taxis are available. It is planned to raise the total number of taxis to 18,000 gradually.[140] Uber
Uber
has started mobile app based taxi service in the city.[141] Air[edit]

Runway
Runway
and apron area of the Shahjalal International Airport

Shahjalal International Airport
Shahjalal International Airport
(IATA: DAC, ICAO: VGHS), located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Dhaka
Dhaka
city centre is the largest and busiest international airport in the country.[142] The airport has an area of 1,981 acres (802 ha). The airport has a capacity of handling 15 million passengers annually,[143] and is predicted by the Civil Aviation Authority, Bangladesh
Bangladesh
to be enough until 2026.[144] In 2014, it handled 6.1 million passengers, and 248,000 tonnes of cargo.[145] Average aircraft movement per day is around 190 flights.[146] It is the hub of all Bangladeshi airlines. Domestic service flies to Chittagong, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Cox's Bazar, Jessore, Barisal, Saidpur and international services fly to major cities in Asia, Europe and the Middle East.[147][148] Rail[edit]

Trains in the Kamalapur railway station

Kamalapur railway station
Kamalapur railway station
is the largest and busiest among the railway stations in the city. Designed by American architect Robert Boughey, the railway station situated in the north-east side of Motijheel, was established in the early 1960s and started its operation from 1969.[149] The station is the largest in the country and also one of the most modern and striking buildings in Dhaka. The state-owned Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Railway
Railway
provides suburban and national services,[150] and the Maitree Express
Maitree Express
international service to Kolkata. Regular express train services connect Dhaka
Dhaka
with major cities of Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Sylhet
Sylhet
and Rangpur. In 2013, suburban services to Narayanganj
Narayanganj
and Gazipur
Gazipur
were upgraded using diesel electric multiple unit trains.[151][152] The Dhaka Metro Rail feasibility study has been completed. A 21.5 kilometres (13.4 mi), $1.7 Billion Phase 1, metro route is being negotiated by the Government with Japan
Japan
International Cooperation Agency. The first route will start from Uttara, northern suburb of Dhaka
Dhaka
to Sayedabad, southern section of Dhaka.[153] The route consists of 16 elevated stations each of 180m long. Construction began on 26 June 2016.[154] Waterways[edit] The Sadarghat River Port on the banks of the Buriganga River
Buriganga River
serves for the transport of goods and passengers upriver and to other ports in Bangladesh.[155] Inter-city and inter-district motor vessels and passenger-ferry services are used by many people to travel riverine regions of the country from the city. Water bus services are available on Buriganga River
Buriganga River
and Hatirjheel
Hatirjheel
and Gulshan lakes. Water buses of Buriganga River
Buriganga River
ferry passengers on Sadarghat to Gabtali route.[156] Water taxis in Hatirjheel
Hatirjheel
and Gulshan lakes provide connectivity via two routes, one route between Tejgaon and Gulshan, another route between Tejgaon and Rampura areas.[157] See also[edit]

Dhaka
Dhaka
portal

Jahangir
Jahangir
Nagar Old Dhaka Greater Dhaka List of cities and towns in Bangladesh List of tallest buildings in Dhaka World's largest cities

References[edit]

^ a b http://wikimapia.org/26768999/Dhaka-Metropolitan-City-Area ^ Partha Pratim Bhattacharjee; Mahbubur Rahman Khan (7 May 2016). "Govt to double size of Dhaka
Dhaka
city area". The Daily Star.  ^ " Dhaka
Dhaka
City expands by more than double after inclusion of 16 union councils". bdnews24.com. 9 May 2016.  ^ "Dhaka, Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Map". National Geographic. Retrieved 6 September 2009.  ^ [1] sum for 41 thanas of Dhaka
Dhaka
city, not including 5 upazilas of Dhaka
Dhaka
district ^ a b "Population & Housing Census-2011" (PDF). Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bureau of Statistics. p. 41. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.  ^ [2] ^ a b c "District Statistics 2011, Dhaka" (PDF). Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bureau of Statistics. December 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 April 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015.  ^ PWC. "Which are the largest city economies in the world and how might this change by 2025?". Archived from the original on 4 May 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2016.  ^ [3]. ^ Choguill, C.L. (2012). New Communities for Urban Squatters: Lessons from the Plan That Failed in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Springer Science & Business Media. p. viii. ISBN 978-1-4613-1863-7.  ^ url=http://worldpopulationreview.com/world-cities/dhaka-population/ [permanent dead link] ^ "Sector Assessment (Summary): Urban Transport" (PDF). Asian Development Bank.  ^ Hough, Michael (1 January 2004). "Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability". Psychology Press – via Google Books.  ^ Dani, Ahmad (1962), Dacca – A record of its changing fortunes, Mrs. Safiya S Dani, p. 119  ^ http://bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd/print_sections_all.php?id=367 ^ https://www.britannica.com/place/Dhaka ^ a b "Dhaka". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 4 February 2013.  ^ "Islam Khan Chisti". Banglapedia. Retrieved 4 February 2013.  ^ a b Chowdhury, A.M. (23 April 2007). "Dhaka". Banglapedia. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  ^ a b Mamoon, Muntassir (2010) [First published 1993]. Dhaka: Smiriti Bismiritir Nogori. Anannya. p. 94.  ^ Dhaka
Dhaka
City Corporation
City Corporation
(5 September 2006). "Pre-Mughal Dhaka
Dhaka
(before 1608)". Archived from the original on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 1 December 2015.  ^ a b "From Jahangirnagar to Dhaka". Forum. The Daily Star. Archived from the original on 8 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ Kraas, Frauke; Aggarwal, Surinder; Coy, Martin; Mertins, Günter, eds. (2013). Megacities: Our Global Urban Future. Springer. p. 60. ISBN 978-90-481-3417-5.  ^ "State of Cities: Urban Governance in Dhaka" (PDF). BRAC University. May 2012.  ^ Shay, Christopher. "Travel – Saving Dhaka's heritage". BBC. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ Colley, Linda (2009). The Ordeal of Elizabeth Marsh: A Woman in World History. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 262–. ISBN 978-0-307-53944-1.  ^ Muntassir Mamoon, Ḍhākā Nagara Jādughara. Ḍhākā granthamālā Vol. 11 Ḍhākā Nagara Jādughara, 1991 (original from the University of California, digitalized 2008). pp 18–20 ^ a b c d "Which India
India
is claiming to have been colonizsed?". 31 July 2015.  ^ Junie T. Tong (2016), Finance and Society in 21st Century China: Chinese Culture Versus Western Markets, page 151, CRC Press ^ John L. Esposito
John L. Esposito
(2004), The Islamic
Islamic
World: Past and Present 3-Volume Set, page 190, Oxford University Press ^ Ray, Indrajit (2011). Bengal Industries and the British Industrial Revolution (1757-1857), Routledge, ISBN 1136825525 ^ Srangio, Sebastian (1 October 2010). "Dhaka: Saving Old Dhaka's Landmarks". The Caravan. Archived from the original on 9 September 2015.  ^ a b "WORLDVIEW".  ^ Lalbagh Kella (Lalbagh Fort) Dhaka
Dhaka
Bangladesh
Bangladesh
2011 54.JPG ^ "Rare 1857 reports on Bengal uprisings – The Times of India". The Times of India.  ^ " Dhaka
Dhaka
WASA". Dwasa.org.bd. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Railway ^ http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Railway ^ http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Film,_Feature ^ http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Film,_Feature ^ a b "History of Electricity
Electricity
in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Thcapriciousboy". Tusher.kobiraj.com. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Film,_Feature ^ http://www.cdrb.org/journal/2003/3/3.pdf ^ http://open_jicareport.jica.go.jp/pdf/11996774_06.pdf ^ Pakistan
Pakistan
Affairs. Information Division, Embassy of Pakistan. 1968. p. 19.  ^ "News Details". Bssnews.net. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ Richards, John. " Calcutta
Calcutta
and Dhaka: A tale of two cities" (PDF). Inroads. Retrieved 29 June 2015.  ^ "Sheikh Mujibur Rahman". Virtual Bangladesh. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ Richards, John. " Calcutta
Calcutta
and Dhaka: A tale of two cities" (PDF). Inroads. Retrieved 29 June 2015.  ^ "The Pearson General Knowledge Manual 2012 – Edgar Thorpe". 23 March 1971. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ a b "Centuries of Genocide: Essays and Eyewitness Accounts". Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ "Science, Technology, Imperialism, and War". Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ "Fall of Dhaka: Memories of a bloody December – Pakistan". Dawn. Pakistan. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ Salik, Siddiq (1997). Witness to Surrender. ISBN 984-05-1374-5.  ^ Jacob, Lt. Gen. JFR, Surrender at Dacca:Birth of a Nation ^ http://worldpopulationreview.com/world-cities/dhaka-population/ ^ http://www.saarc-sec.org/userfiles/01-Dhaka-1stSummit1985.pdf ^ http://www.frontline.in/static/html/fl1502/15020520.htm ^ Hossain, Shahadat (January 2008). "Rapid Urban Growth and Poverty in Dhaka
Dhaka
City" (PDF). Bangladesh
Bangladesh
e-Journal of Sociology. 5 (1).  ^ https://www.pri.org/stories/2010-09-08/dhaka-fastest-growing-megacity-world ^ http://www.un-bd.org/Docs/Publication/Beyond%20Hartals.pdf ^ http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2097720_2097718_2097713,00.html ^ https://www.cbsnews.com/news/dhaka-bangladesh-fastest-growing-city-in-the-world/ ^ http://resilient-cities.iclei.org/fileadmin/sites/resilient-cities/files/docs/B4-Bonn2010-Hamidul.pdf ^ https://newrepublic.com/article/118416/what-dhaka-bangladesh-traffic-capital-world-can-teach-us ^ Hough, Michael (2004). Cities and natural process. Routledge. pp. 64–65. ISBN 0-415-29855-5.  ^ a b "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Dhaka, Bangladesh". weatherbase.com. Retrieved 15 December 2008.  ^ a b Mondal, M. Abdul Latif (27 September 2006). "Our Cities: 15th Anniversary Special". The Daily Star. Archived from the original on 2 March 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2006.  ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Dhaka, Bangladesh". Weatherbase. Retrieved 23 February 2013.  ^ " Bangladesh
Bangladesh
– Dacca" (in Spanish). Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved 23 February 2013.  ^ "Average Conditions – Bangladesh
Bangladesh
– Dhaka". BBC. Retrieved 23 February 2013.  ^ a b c "List of Ministries and Divisions". cabinet.gov.bd. 20 November 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2016.  ^ "Navy Bases". Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Navy. Retrieved 30 January 2017.  ^ joinbangladeshairforce.mil.bd. "Locations of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Air Force Bases". joinbangladeshairforce.mil.bd. Retrieved 30 January 2017.  ^ "Don't split Dhaka, Khoka urges govt". UNBConnect. 12 November 2011. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2012.  ^ Md Shahnawaz Khan Chandan (8 May 2015). "Reminiscing Dhaka's Legacy". The Daily Star.  ^ "Mayor Hanif's death anniversary today". The Daily Star. 28 November 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2015.  ^ Hasan Jahid Tusher (18 October 2011). " Dhaka
Dhaka
set to split into two". The Daily Star. Retrieved 12 February 2015.  ^ Islam, Md Asraful. "Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha". Banglapedia. Retrieved 26 July 2015.  ^ "History of the DMP". Dhaka
Dhaka
Metropolitan Police. Retrieved 18 October 2013.  ^ "DMP – New Initiatives". Dhaka
Dhaka
Metropolitan Police. Archived from the original on 16 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2008.  ^ "What should we do for better civic services". 23 January 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2016.  ^ http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2097720_2097718_2097713,00.html ^ a b c Lawson, Alistair (1 June 2002). "Good times for bourgeois Bangladeshis". BBC News. Retrieved 2 October 2006.  ^ a b c d e McGee, Terry (27 September 2006). "Urbanization Takes on New Dimensions in Asia's Population Giants". Population Reference Bureau. Retrieved 27 September 2006.  ^ a b "Does Dhaka
Dhaka
need rickshaws?". BBC News. 20 July 1998. Retrieved 27 September 2006.  ^ Robert Cervero (2000). Informal Transport
Transport
in the Developing World. UN-HABITAT. p. 39. ISBN 92-1-131453-4.  ^ Dhaka
Dhaka
City Corporation. " Dhaka
Dhaka
City at a Glance". Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2015.  ^ "Town planning for Bangladesh: Vision 2020". The Daily Star. 8 November 2008. Retrieved 15 December 2008.  ^ "Evolving Urban Form: Dhaka". Newgeography.com. Retrieved 26 June 2013.  ^ "Planet of Slums
Slums
by Mike Davis". Asia Times. 20 May 2006. Retrieved 8 May 2010.  ^ "Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
2012, Page 35" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 August 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015.  ^ "::Our Cities::15th Anniversary Special". The Daily Star. Archived from the original on 2 March 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2010.  ^ "Govt ready to offer nationality to Urdu-speaking people: Moni". The Financial Express. Archived from the original on 4 November 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2011.  ^ "Socio-economic Problems of the Urdu
Urdu
Speaking Residents at Mohammadpur" (PDF). Democracy Watch. Retrieved 12 April 2011.  ^ Persoob, Tasmia. "The Forgotten Community: Camp Based Urdu
Urdu
Speaking People in Bangladesh" (PDF). Jahangirnagar University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2011.  ^ "Population Census 2011: Dhaka
Dhaka
Table C-13" (PDF). Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014.  ^ a b Ahmed, Dr. Nizamuddin (27 September 2006). "Happy 400th anniversary, Dhaka!". The Daily Star. Archived from the original on 2 March 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2006.  ^ "Pohela Falgun
Falgun
celebrated". The Daily Star. 14 February 2011.  ^ Roy, Tirthankar (2007). "Out of Tradition: Master Artisans and Economic Change in Colonial India". The Journal of Asian Studies. Cambridge University Press. 66: 963–991. doi:10.1017/s002191180700126x.  ^ Thomas Angotti & Lothar Beckel (2001). Mega Cities. GEOSPACE Beckel Satellitenb. p. 730. ISBN 3-85313-051-8.  ^ Alison Arnold (1999). The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: The Indian Subcontinent. Routledge. pp. 858–859. ISBN 0-8240-4946-2.  ^ Ian Herbert & Nicole Leclercq (2000). The World of Theatre. Taylor & Francis. p. 12. ISBN 0-415-23866-8.  ^ A. F. Salahuddin Ahmed & Bazlul Mobin Chowdhury (2004). Bangladesh, National Culture, and Heritage: An Introductory Reader. Independent University. p. 405. ISBN 984-8509-00-3.  ^ Jeremy Seabrook (1996). In the Cities of the South: Scenes from a Developing World. Verso Books. p. 221. ISBN 1-85984-081-7.  ^ World and Its Peoples. Marshall Cavendish Corporation. 2008. p. 489. ISBN 0-7614-7631-8.  ^ "Treasures of Bangladeshi cuisine". The Daily Star. 2017-02-24. Retrieved 2017-03-01.  ^ Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember (2002). Encyclopedia of Urban Cultures : Cayenne-Kyoto: Cities and Cultures Around the World. Grolier. p. 147. ISBN 0-7172-5698-7.  ^ "Binat Bibi Mosque". ArchNet Digital Library. Archived from the original on 1 March 2006. Retrieved 18 September 2012.  ^ From Jahangirnagar to Dhaka
Dhaka
by Faruque Hasan in The Daily Star ^ Ali, Meer Mobashsher; Rouf, Md Abdur (2012). "Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
(Second ed.). Asiatic Society
Asiatic Society
of Bangladesh.  ^ John Simpson (2006). The Traveler's Handbook. Globe Pequot. p. 195. ISBN 0-7627-4090-6.  ^ a b c T. Neville Postlethwaite (1988). The Encyclopedia of Comparative Education and National Systems of Education. Pergamon Press. p. 130. ISBN 0-08-030853-8.  ^ Kamal Siddiqui (1990). "Growth of academic institutions". Social Formation in Dhaka
Dhaka
City: A Study in Third World Urban Sociology. Dhaka: University Press Limited. p. 42.  ^ " Dhaka
Dhaka
teachers on violence charge". BBC News. 11 December 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2008.  ^ University of Dhaka.03710. (10 September 2006). "Univ. Facts". Archived from the original (PHP) on 4 September 2006. Retrieved 10 September 2006.  ^ Muhammad Shamsul Huq (1983). Higher Education and Employment in Bangladesh. UNESCO. p. 181.  ^ Shahida Alam (2012), "Mitford Hospital", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal, Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
(Second ed.), Asiatic Society
Asiatic Society
of Bangladesh  ^ Robert MacHenry, ed. (1993). "Bangladesh". The New Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica. p. 717. ISBN 0-85229-571-5.  ^ Al Musabbir Sadi (17 June 2007). "Tasty derby drawn". The Daily Star.  ^ "Revamped Dhaka
Dhaka
League ready for kick-off". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 30 January 2017.  ^ a b "Stadium". ESPNcricinfo. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 26 May 2006.  ^ " Cricket
Cricket
World Cup: Grand ceremony launches tournament". BBC. 17 February 2011.  ^ "ICC Cricket
Cricket
World Cup 2010/11 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 20 June 2011.  ^ "11th South Asian Games to start in January 2010". Retrieved 21 March 2009.  ^ "Grounds – Bangladesh: Dhaka". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 13 March 2008.  ^ Muhammad Abdur Rahim (1981). The History of the University of Dacca. University of Dacca. p. 161.  ^ " Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Golf Federation Member list". Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Golf Federation. Retrieved 30 January 2017.  ^ Lawson, Alastair (13 October 2003). "Passengers shun Dhaka-India bus". BBC News. Retrieved 7 September 2006.  ^ "Details of Bus Services". hcidhaka.gov.in. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017.  ^ "No more push for PPP initiative". The Daily Star. 10 June 2011.  ^ "Govt plans to build 2nd expressway". daily-sun. 22 June 2011.  ^ Lawson, Alastair (10 May 2002). "Dhaka's beleaguered rickshaw wallahs". BBC News. Retrieved 17 December 2008.  ^ "rickshaw: Dhaka". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009. Retrieved 17 December 2008.  ^ Menchetti, Peter (24 March 2005). "Cycle Rickshaws in Dhaka, Bangladesh" (PDF). Thesis for Amsterdam University. Retrieved 15 April 2008.  ^ Lawson, Alastair (5 October 2002). "Dhaka". BBC News. Retrieved 24 February 2009.  ^ Rizanuzzaman Laskar (4 March 2007). "Rickshaw pullers get licences". The Daily Star.  ^ Rahman, Mushfiqur (2003). "Compressed Natural Gas". In Islam, Sirajul. Banglapedia: National encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Dhaka: Asiatic Society
Asiatic Society
of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 17 January 2008.  ^ "Govt to import 5,000 taxis". The Daily Star. 10 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.  ^ " Uber
Uber
taxis in Dhaka". The Daily Star. 10 May 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2016.  ^ Alam, Jobair Bin (2003). "Air Transport". In Islam, Sirajul. Banglapedia: National encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Dhaka: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 17 January 2008.  ^ Byron, Rejaul Karim (28 August 2010). "New int'l airport to cost Tk 50,000cr". The Daily Star. Retrieved 16 November 2011.  ^ "AIRPORT DEVELOPMENT HISTORY". Civil Aviation Authority, Bangladesh. Retrieved 16 November 2011.  ^ "CAAB initiates efforts to expand and upgrade HSIA To build a new airport for Dhaka". The Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Monitor. 1 April 2015. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2013.  ^ "Shahjalal airport set for upgrade in two months". Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ "Biman's Destination: International Destinations". Biman Bangladesh Airlines. Archived from the original on 1 July 2013.  ^ " Dhaka
Dhaka
– Zia International Airport (DAC)". World Executive. OE Interactive.  ^ Ershad Ahmed. "Dhaka". blogspot.com. Retrieved 2014-02-18.  ^ Marika McAdam (2004). Bangladesh. Lonely Planet. p. 66. ISBN 1-74059-280-8.  ^ "PM inaugurates Dhaka- Narayanganj
Narayanganj
DEMU train". Bdnews24.com. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2013.  ^ "Demu train service introduced on Dhaka-Joydebpur". Dhaka
Dhaka
Tribune. 24 April 2013. Archived from the original on 18 December 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2013.  ^ "Muhith to sit with armed forces to resolve metro rail site dispute". thefinancialexpress. 25 June 2011. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.  ^ "PM opens work on metro, BRT". The Daily Star. 27 June 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.  ^ Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. (2005). "Dhaka". Asian Highway Handbook. United Nations
United Nations
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, United Nations
United Nations
Publications. p. 28. ISBN 92-1-120170-5.  ^ "Waterbus service launched on Sadarghat-Gabtali river route". Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Business News. 28 August 2010.  ^ " Water taxi
Water taxi
services on Dhaka's Hatirjheel
Hatirjheel
'from Victory Day'". bdnews24. 6 December 2016. 

Further reading[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Dhaka

Sharuf Uddin Ahmed, ed. (1991). Dhaka
Dhaka
-past present future. The Asiatic Society, Dhaka. ISBN 984-512-335-X.  Karim, Abdul (1992). History of Bengal, Mughal Period (I). Rajshahi.  Pryer, Jane (2003). Poverty and Vulnerability in Dhaka
Dhaka
Slums: The Urban Livelihood Study. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 0-7546-1864-1. OCLC 123337526 OCLC 243482310 OCLC 50334244 OCLC 50939515.  Rabbani, Golam (1997). Dhaka, from Mughal outpost to metropolis. University Press, Dhaka. ISBN 984-05-1374-5.  Sarkar, Sir Jadunath (1948). History of Bengal
History of Bengal
(II). Dhaka.  Taifoor, S.M. (1956). Glimpses of Old Dacca. Dhaka. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dhaka.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Dhaka.

Capital Development Authority Dhaka
Dhaka
North City Corporation Dhaka
Dhaka
South City Corporation Dhaka
Dhaka
Transport
Transport
Coordination Authority Dhaka Metropolitan Police
Dhaka Metropolitan Police
website

Places adjacent to Dhaka

Savar
Savar
Upazila, Dhaka
Dhaka
District Gazipur
Gazipur
City Purbachal New Town

Savar
Savar
Upazila, Dhaka
Dhaka
District

Dhaka
Dhaka
City

Rupganj Upazila, Narayanganj
Narayanganj
District

Keraniganj Upazila, Dhaka
Dhaka
District Keraniganj Upazila, Dhaka
Dhaka
District Narayanganj
Narayanganj
City

Articles Related to Dhaka

v t e

Dhaka
Dhaka
related topics

History

Timeline History of Bangladesh History of Bengal Kamarupa Dhakeshwari
Dhakeshwari
Temple Sena dynasty Islam Khan Jahangir
Jahangir
Nagar Mughal Empire British Raj Nawab of Dhaka East Bengal Partition of India East Pakistan 1970 Bhola
Bhola
cyclone Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Liberation War

Government and localities

Dhaka
Dhaka
City Corporation Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha Dhaka
Dhaka
Metropolitan Police Dhaka
Dhaka
High Court Mohakhali Ramna
Ramna
Thana Paltan Motijheel
Motijheel
Thana Shahbag Nilkhet Uttara Thana Dhaka
Dhaka
Cantonment Banani, Dhaka Mohammadpur Dhanmondi
Dhanmondi
Thana Kotwali Thana Sutrapur Thana Tejgaon Thana Gulshan Lal Bagh Mirpur Model Thana Pallabi Thana Sabujbagh Thana Demra Thana Hazaribagh Shyampur Badda Thana Kafrul Thana Kamrangirchar Thana Khilgaon Thana

Buildings and landmarks

Sher-e-Bangla Nagor Thana Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban Supreme Court of Bangladesh Baitul Mukarram Martyred Intellectuals Memorial, Dhakeshwari
Dhakeshwari
Temple, Shaheed Minar, Star Mosque, Curzon Hall, Ahsan Manzil Lalbagh Fort Bara Katra Liberation War Museum Chandrima Uddan Hussaini Dalan

Economy and transport

Dhaka
Dhaka
Stock Exchange Dhaka
Dhaka
Sadarghat Shahjalal International Airport Kamalapur railway station Bailey Road Sonali Bank Rupali Bank Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bank Bashundhara City Airport railway station Auto rickshaw Cycle rickshaw Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Road Transport
Transport
Corporation Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Railway

Education

University of Dhaka Bangladesh
Bangladesh
University of Engineering and Technology North South University Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology Independent University, Bangladesh Dhaka Medical College
Dhaka Medical College
and Hospital Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University East West University University of Asia Pacific BIRDEM and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
National Zoo Schools and Colleges in Dhaka

Culture and sports

Ekushey Book Fair Dhaka
Dhaka
World Music Festival Suhrawardy Udyan Bangladesh
Bangladesh
National Zoo Eid al-Fitr Eid al-Adha Durga Puja Pohela Boishakh Victory Day Independence Day Fatullah Osmani Stadium Abahani Krira Chakra Bangabandhu National Stadium Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Army Stadium Outer Stadium Ground Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket
Cricket
Stadium Dhaka
Dhaka
University Ground Dhanmondi
Dhanmondi
Cricket
Cricket
Stadium Gurdwara Nanak Shahi

Other topics

List of cities and towns in Bangladesh List of tallest buildings in Dhaka Buildings and structures Educational institutions C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group

v t e

Places of historical interest in Dhaka
Dhaka
and Dhaka
Dhaka
District

Places

Ahsan Manzil Baitul Mukarram Bangabhaban Bangladesh
Bangladesh
National Museum Bara Katra Curzon Hall Dhakeshwari
Dhakeshwari
Temple Hussaini Dalan Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban Kartalab Khan Mosque Lalbagh Fort Liberation War Museum Martyred Intellectuals Memorial National Martyrs’ Memorial National Museum of Science and Technology Northbrook Hall Ramna
Ramna
Kali Mandir Rose Garden Palace Sat Gambuj Mosque Shaheed Minar Sonargaon Star Mosque Bibi Mariam Cannon

Related topics

Dhaka
Dhaka
related topics Buildings in Dhaka History of Dhaka Places of worship in Bangladesh Research Institutes in Bangladesh Shopping Malls in Bangladesh Tourist attractions in Dhaka

v t e

Cities and towns in Bangladesh

Ministry of Public Administration Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives

Barisal
Barisal
Division

Barguna Barisal Bhola Jhalokati Patuakhali Pirojpur

Chittagong
Chittagong
Division

Bandarban Brahmanbaria Chandpur Chittagong Comilla Cox's Bazar Feni Khagrachhari Lakshmipur Noakhali Rangamati

Dhaka
Dhaka
Division

Dhaka Faridpur Gazipur Gopalganj Kishoreganj Madaripur Manikganj Munshiganj Narayanganj Narsingdi Rajbari Shariatpur Tangail

Khulna
Khulna
Division

Bagerhat Chuadanga Jessore Jhenaidah Khulna Kushtia Magura Meherpur Narail Satkhira

Mymensingh
Mymensingh
Division

Jamalpur Mymensingh Netrokona Sherpur

Rajshahi
Rajshahi
Division

Bogra Jaipurhat Naogaon Natore Chapai Nawabganj Pabna Rajshahi Sirajganj

Rangpur Division

Dinajpur Gaibandha Kurigram Lalmonirhat Nilphamari Panchagarh Rangpur Thakurgaon

Sylhet
Sylhet
Division

Habiganj Moulvibazar Sunamganj Sylhet

v t e

Capitals of Asia

Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in italics

North and Central Asia South Asia Southeast Asia West and Southwest Asia

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan Astana, Kazakhstan* Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan Dushanbe, Tajikistan Moscow, Russia* Tashkent, Uzbekistan

East Asia

Beijing, China Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
(China) Macau, Macau
Macau
(China) Pyongyang, North Korea Seoul, South Korea Taipei, Taiwan
Taiwan
(ROC) Tokyo, Japan Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Kabul, Afghanistan Dhaka, Bangladesh Diego Garcia, BIOT (UK) Islamabad, Pakistan Kathmandu, Nepal Kotte, Sri Lanka Malé, Maldives New Delhi, India Thimphu, Bhutan

Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Bangkok, Thailand Dili, East Timor Flying Fish Cove, Christmas
Christmas
Island (Australia) Hanoi, Vietnam Jakarta, Indonesia* Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Manila, Philippines Naypyidaw, Myanmar Phnom Penh, Cambodia Singapore Vientiane, Laos West Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands
West Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands
(Australia)

Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Amman, Jordan Ankara, Turkey* Baghdad, Iraq Baku, Azerbaijan* Beirut, Lebanon Cairo, Egypt* Doha, Qatar Jerusalem, Israel/Palestine † Kuwait
Kuwait
City, Kuwait Manama, Bahrain

Muscat, Oman Nicosia, Cyprus* North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus* Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Sana'a, Yemen Stepanakert, Artsakh* Sukhumi, Abkhazia* Tbilisi, Georgia* Tehran, Iran Tskhinvali, South Ossetia* Yerevan, Armenia*

*Transcontinental country. † Disputed. See: Positions on Jerusalem.

v t e

World's fifty most-populous urban areas

Tokyo– Yokohama
Yokohama
(Keihin) Jakarta
Jakarta
(Jabodetabek) Delhi Manila
Manila
(Metro Manila) Seoul– Incheon
Incheon
(Sudogwon) Shanghai Karachi Beijing New York City Guangzhou– Foshan
Foshan
(Guangfo)

São Paulo Mexico City
Mexico City
(Valley of Mexico) Mumbai Osaka–Kobe– Kyoto
Kyoto
(Keihanshin) Moscow Dhaka Greater Cairo Los Angeles Bangkok Kolkata

Greater Buenos Aires Tehran Istanbul Lagos Shenzhen Rio de Janeiro Kinshasa Tianjin Paris Lima

Chengdu Greater London Nagoya
Nagoya
(Chūkyō) Lahore Chennai Bangalore Chicago Bogotá Ho Chi Minh City Hyderabad

Dongguan Johannesburg Wuhan Taipei-Taoyuan Hangzhou Hong Kong Chongqing Ahmedabad Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
(Klang Valley) Quanzhou

Portals Access related topics

Dhaka
Dhaka
portal Geography portal Bangladesh
Bangladesh
portal South Asia
South Asia
portal Asia portal

Find out more on's Sister projects

Media from Commons Travel guides from Wikivoyage News stories from Wikinews Definitions from Wiktionary Textbooks from Wikibooks Quotations from Wikiquote Source texts from Wikisource Learning resources from Wikiversity Data from Wikidata

Authority control

GND: 4230727-2 BNF:

.