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A state legislative assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri, DUN; also known simply as state assembly) is the legislative branch of the state governments of each of the 13 Malaysian states. Members of a state legislative assembly comprises elected representatives from single-member constituencies during state elections through the first-past-the-post system. The assemblies have powers to enact state laws as provided for by the Constitution of Malaysia. The majority party in each assembly forms the state government, and the leader of the majority party becomes menteri besar (for states with hereditary rulers) or chief minister (for states without hereditary rulers) of the state. After the March 2008 general election, the Barisan Nasional
Barisan Nasional
coalition were the majority party in eight states, while the opposition won five states. In February 2009, BN regained Perak
Perak
after 3 Pakatan Rakyat assembly members defected. The state legislative assemblies are unicameral, unlike the bicameral Parliament of Malaysia. The hereditary rulers or Yang di-Pertua Negeri (governors) are vested with powers to dissolve their respective state legislative assemblies on the advice of the menteri besar or chief minister. Once dissolved, elections must be carried out within an interim period of sixty (60) days. Usually, state elections are held simultaneously with the federal parliamentary elections, with the exception of Sarawak, and before 2004, Sabah. List of State Legislative Assemblies in Malaysia[edit] The list excludes Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya
Putrajaya
and Labuan as Federal Territories do not have state legislative assemblies and are governed directly by the federal government under the Ministry of Federal Territories together with local authorities, namely the Kuala Lumpur City Hall, Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Corporation and Labuan Corporation
Labuan Corporation
respectively.

State (and Assembly) Seats (2016) Population (2010) Population/seat Majority party Speaker (and Party)

Johor
Johor
(13th) 56 3,348,283 59,791      BN Mohamad Aziz (BN–UMNO)

Kedah
Kedah
(13th) 36 1,947,651 54,101      BN Md. Rozai Safian (BN-UMNO)

Kelantan
Kelantan
(13th) 45 1,539,601 34,213      PAS Abdullah Ya'kub (PAS)

Malacca
Malacca
(13th) 28 821,110 29,325      BN Othman Muhamad (BN-UMNO)

Pahang
Pahang
(13th) 42 1,500,817 35,734      BN Ishak Muhammad (BN-UMNO)

Perak
Perak
(13th) 59 2,352,743 39,877      BN S. Thangeswary (BN–MIC)

Perlis
Perlis
(13th) 15 231,541 15,436      BN Hamdan Bahari (BN-UMNO)

Penang
Penang
(13th) 40 1,561,383 39,035      PH Law Choo Kiang (PH-PKR)

Selangor
Selangor
(13th) 56 5,462,141 97,538      PH Hannah Yeoh
Hannah Yeoh
(PH-DAP)

Negeri Sembilan
Negeri Sembilan
(13th) 36 1,021,064 28,363      BN Dr. Awaluddin Said (BN-UMNO)

Terengganu
Terengganu
(13th) 32 1,035,977 32,374      BN Mohd. Zubir Embong (BN-UMNO)

Sarawak
Sarawak
(19th) 82 2,471,140 30,136      BN Mohd Asfia Awang Nassar (BN-PBB)

Sabah
Sabah
(14th) 60 3,206,742 53,446      BN Syed Abas Syed Ali (BN-UMNO)

List of State Assembly Representatives in Malaysia[edit]

List of Malayan State and Settlement Council Representatives (1954–59) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1959–64) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1964–69) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1969–74) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1974–78) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1978–82) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1982–86) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1986–90) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1990–95) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1995–99) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1999–2004) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (2004–08) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (2008–13) List of Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (2013–)

Current composition[edit]

Current composition as of 27 November 2017

State legislative assemblies # of seats Simple majority BN seats DAP seats PKR seats Amanah seats PPBM seats PAS seats STAR seats UPP seats Ind seats

Perlis 15 8 13 UMNO (12) MCA (1) 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0

Kedah 36 19 20 UMNO (18) MCA (2) 2 4 1 2 7 0 0 0

Kelantan 45 23 11 UMNO (11) 0 1 1 0 31 0 0 0

Terengganu 32 17 17 UMNO (17) 0 1 0 0 14 0 0 0

Penang 40 21 10 UMNO (10) 19 10 0 0 1 0 0 0

Perak 59 30 31 UMNO (30) MCA (1) 18 5 1 0 4 0 0 0

Pahang 42 22 30 UMNO (28) MCA (2) 7 2 1 0 2 0 0 0

Selangor 56 29 11 UMNO (11) 14 13 2 0 13 0 0 2

Negeri Sembilan 36 19 21 UMNO (21) MIC (1) 11 3 0 0 0 0 0 0

Malacca 28 15 21 UMNO (17) MCA (3) MIC (1) 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 3

Johor 56 29 37 UMNO (31) MIC (3) MCA (2) Gerakan (1) 13 1 1 1 3 0 0 0

Sabah 60 31 45 UMNO (29) PBS (6) UPKO (3) LDP (3) Gerakan (2) MCA (1) PBRS (1) 3 5 0 0 0 1 0 4

Sarawak 82 42 67 PBB (45) PRS (11) Others (1) SUPP (7) SPDP (4) 7 3 0 0 0 0 5 0

Total 587

345 97 49 7 3 77 1 5 11

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