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Devon
Devon
County Council is the county council administering the English county of Devon. Based in the city of Exeter, the council covers the non-metropolitan county area of Devon. Members of the council (councillors) are elected every four years to represent the electorate of each county division, almost all being nominated by the major national political parties. The population of the area administered by the council is estimated at 765,302, making it the largest local authority in South West England. Devon
Devon
is an area with "two-tier" local government, meaning that the county is divided into non-metropolitan districts carrying out less strategic functions, such as taking most planning decisions. In Devon there are eight such districts, each with its own district, borough, or city council.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Administration 1.2 County Hall 1.3 Data protection

2 Political composition 3 Responsibilities for services 4 Graphic symbols 5 Proposed structural changes 6 See also 7 References

History[edit] Administration[edit] Before 1888, the small towns and rural areas in Devon
Devon
were governed by magistrates through the Devon
Devon
Court of Quarter Sessions. The magistrates were based at Rougemont Castle, Exeter, and were not elected by the people. In 1888, the Local Government Act 1888
Local Government Act 1888
was passed, which paved the way for democracy at the county level throughout England
England
and Wales. On 16 January 1889, the first County Council elections were held, and the council began life with a budget of £50,000. In 1907, women became eligible for election and the first female councillor was elected in 1931.[1] From the beginning in 1889, the county boroughs of Exeter, Devonport and Plymouth
Plymouth
were outside the jurisdiction of the county council. Devonport was afterwards absorbed by the City of Plymouth. Torbay
Torbay
received county borough status and left the area of Devon
Devon
County Council in 1968. In 1971, Devon
Devon
County Council signed a Twinning Charter with the Conseil General of Calvados
Calvados
to develop links with the French department of Calvados.[2] County Hall[edit] At first, meetings were held in a courtroom in Rougemont Castle
Rougemont Castle
until County Hall was built.[1] County Hall is situated in Topsham Road, about 1 mile (1.6 km) south-east of Exeter
Exeter
city centre, in the grounds of Bellair House, rebuilt around 1700 by the merchant John Vowler, and the adjoining early Victorian house, Coaver.[3] The houses are now incorporated in the council's campus; Coaver houses the main social club.[4] Construction began on County Hall in 1954; it was designed by Donald McMorran
Donald McMorran
and was finished in 1964.[4] Extensions were completed in 1984.[3] In 1998 the buildings gained Grade II* status.[4] Data protection[edit] In 2012 the Council was fined £90,000 by the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) after it sent confidential and sensitive information about twenty-two people, including criminal allegations and information about their mental health, to the wrong recipient. Commenting on Devon
Devon
and other authorities who had made similar data protection breaches, the ICO said "It would be far too easy to consider these breaches as simple human error. The reality is that they are caused by councils treating sensitive personal data in the same routine way they would deal with more general correspondence. Far too often in these cases, the councils do not appear to have acknowledged that the data they are handling is about real people, and often the more vulnerable members of society."[5] Political composition[edit]

Map of the results of the 2017 Devon
Devon
council election.

Main article: Devon
Devon
County Council election, 2017 In Devon, most county councillors who are elected have been nominated by one of England's major political parties, although there are also a small number of independents. At present the majority of councillors in the chamber are Conservatives, who hold 42 of the 62 seats. The council currently operates the local government Cabinet system which was introduced by the Local Government Act 2000, with the Leader of the Cabinet (and effective head of the authority) elected by the full council. In practice, the Leader is chosen from among the majority Conservative group. After being elected, the Leader chooses the other cabinet members, currently nine, all from the Conservative group.

Devon
Devon
County Council election, 2017[6]

Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−

  Conservative 42 4 0 4 70.0 44.4 98,278 9.1%

  Liberal Democrat 7 0 1 1 11.6 21.7 48,022 5.7%

  Labour 7 0 0

11.6 15.2 33,571 2.0

  UKIP 0 0 4 4 0 4.4 9.629 18.6%

  Independent 3 0 0 0 5 5.6 N/A N/A

  Green 1 1 0 0 1.6 5.4 11,928 1.1%

Responsibilities for services[edit]

Map of Devon's eight shire districts and two unitary authorities. 1-8 are administered by Devon
Devon
County Council, but 9 and 10 are the unitary authority areas of Plymouth
Plymouth
and Torbay, which are self-governed on local issues; they are considered part of the ceremonial county of Devon

Devon
Devon
County Council's responsibilities include schools, social care for the elderly and vulnerable, road maintenance, libraries and trading standards.[7] It is the largest employer in Devon, employing over 20,000 people,[7] and has the largest minor road length (7,373 miles (11,866 km) — 2014) of any UK local authority; major roads are managed by Highways England.[8] Devon
Devon
County Council appoints eleven members to the Devon
Devon
and Somerset Fire and Rescue Authority.[9] The Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
estimated that the mid-2014 population of the non-metropolitan area of Devon
Devon
was 765,302, which is the largest in the South West England
South West England
region.[10] The county council's area is also administered by eight smaller authorities that have their own district, borough or city councils. The responsibilities of these councils include local planning, council housing, refuse collection, sports and leisure facilities, and street cleaning. The district areas are further divided into civil parishes, which have "parish councils" or "town councils"; the latter of which often use a town hall. Typical activities undertaken by a parish council include maintaining allotments, footpaths, playing fields and the local community or village hall. On some matters, the county council share responsibilities with the district and parish councils. These include economic development and regeneration, emergency planning, tourism promotion and coastal protection.[7]

No. District Type of council Population (mid-2014 est.)[10] Area (hectares)[11]

1 Exeter City council 124,328 4,789

2 East Devon District council 136,374 82,372

3 Mid Devon District council 79,198 91,290

4 North Devon District council 94,059 110,504

5 Torridge District council 65,618 99,566

6 West Devon Borough council 54,260 116,472

7 South Hams District council 84,108 90,525

8 Teignbridge District council 127,357 68,101

Graphic symbols[edit]

The Flag of Devon; first raised in 2006

There was no established coat of arms for the county until 1926: the arms of the City of Exeter
Exeter
were often used to represent Devon, for instance in the badge of the Devonshire Regiment. During the formation of a county council by the Local Government Act 1888, adoption of a common seal was required. The seal contained three shields depicting the arms of Exeter
Exeter
along with those of the first chairman and vice-chairman of the council (Lord Clinton and the Earl of Morley).[12] On 11 October 1926, the county council received a grant of arms from the College of Arms. The main part of the shield displays a red crowned lion on a silver field, the arms of Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cornwall. The chief or upper portion of the shield depicts an ancient ship on waves, for Devon's seafaring traditions. The Latin motto adopted was Auxilio Divino ("by divine aid"), that of Sir Francis Drake. The 1926 grant was of arms alone. On 6 March 1962 a further grant of crest and supporters was obtained. The crest is the head of a Dartmoor Pony
Dartmoor Pony
rising from a "Naval Crown". This distinctive form of crown is formed from the sails and sterns of ships, and is associated with the Royal Navy. The supporters are a Devon
Devon
bull and a sea lion.[13][14] The County Council adopted a 'ship silhouette' logo after the 1974 reorganisation, adapted from the ship emblem on the coat of arms, but following the loss in 1998 of Plymouth
Plymouth
and Torbay
Torbay
re-adopted the coat of arms. In April 2006 the council unveiled a new logo which was to be used in most everyday applications, though the coat of arms will continue to be used for "various civic purposes".[15][16] In 2002, the BBC
BBC
Devon
Devon
website held a poll in response to a discussion for a flag of Devon. Ryan Sealey's winning design of green, white, and black was raised outside County Hall in 2006 to celebrate Local Democracy
Democracy
Week and is endorsed by Devon
Devon
County Council.[17] Proposed structural changes[edit] See also: Local Government Act 2010 From 2007 to 2010 there was a strong possibility that Devon's two-tier council structure might be reorganised. In December 2007, a bid by Exeter
Exeter
City Council to become a unitary council was referred by the Department for Communities and Local Government
Department for Communities and Local Government
to the Boundary Committee for England, as they felt the application did not meet all their strict criteria. Had the bid succeeded, Devon
Devon
County Council, headquartered in Exeter, would have had no local governmental control of the City of Exeter. The Boundary Committee was asked to look at the feasibility of a unitary Exeter
Exeter
in the context of examining options for unitary arrangements in the wider Devon
Devon
county area, and reported back in July 2008 recommending a 'unitary Devon' (excluding Plymouth and Torbay), with a second option of a 'unitary Exeter
Exeter
& Exmouth' (combined) and a unitary 'rest of Devon'. This would have abolished lower-tier district councils which work together with Devon
Devon
County Council. These proposals were put out to consultation until September 2008 and the Committee was expected to make final recommendations to the Secretary of State by the end of the year. As a result of a number of legal challenges to the process and also dissatisfaction on the part of the Secretary of State with the manner in which the Boundary Committee assessed proposals, a recommendation was unlikely until March or April 2009.[18] The Boundary Committee was delayed again following legal challenge by a group of councils in the county of Suffolk.[19] The Court of Appeal rejected the legal challenge in December 2009 and the Boundary Committee was expected to return to making recommendations on the proposals, to be published at an unknown date.[20] On 10 February 2010, local government ministers gave the go-ahead for Exeter's unitary authority status and ruled out the chance of Devon's unitary authority status, leaving it as a rural county.[21] However, following the 2010 general election the new government announced in May 2010 that the reorganisation would be blocked.[22][23] See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Devon
Devon
County Council.

List of articles about local government in the United Kingdom United Kingdom local elections, 2017 Devon
Devon
County Council elections

References[edit]

^ a b "A brief history of Devon
Devon
County Council". Devon
Devon
County Council. Retrieved 30 October 2009.  ^ "Twinning". Devon
Devon
County Council. Retrieved 8 December 2009.  ^ a b Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Devon, second edition, Penguin Books, 1989, ISBN 0-14-071050-7 ^ a b c "History of County Hall". Devon
Devon
County Council. Retrieved 31 October 2009.  ^ "ICO hits the road to crack 'underlying problem' at data-leak councils". The Register. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2013.  ^ " Devon
Devon
County Council Elections 2017". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 2017-05-05.  ^ a b c "Democratic Structure". Devon
Devon
County Council. Retrieved 9 December 2009.  ^ "Road lengths in Great Britain: 2014". Office for National Statistics. 21 May 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.  ^ " Devon
Devon
and Somerset Fire and Rescue Authority".  ^ a b "Components of population change for local authorities in the UK, mid-2014" (ZIP). Office for National Statistics. 25 June 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2015.  ^ "Standard Area Measurements (extent of the realm)" (ZIP). Office for National Statistics. 31 December 2007. Retrieved 9 December 2009.  ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur (1915). The Book of Public (PDF) (2nd ed.). London: TC & EC Jack.  ^ Scott-Giles, Charles Wilfrid (1953). Civic heraldry of England
England
and Wales (2nd ed.). London: B. Blom.  ^ "A brief history of Devon's coat of arms". Devon
Devon
County Council. Retrieved 9 December 2009.  ^ "Council's designs cause logo row". BBC
BBC
News. 27 March 2006. Retrieved 9 December 2009.  ^ "Policy and Resources Overview Scrutiny Committee Minutes". Devon County Council. 3 April 2006. Retrieved 9 December 2009.  ^ " Devon
Devon
Flag". Devon
Devon
County Council. Retrieved 31 October 2009.  ^ "Boundary Committee publishes draft proposal for Devon". The Boundary Committee for England. 7 July 2008. Retrieved 30 July 2008.  ^ "Unitary proposals delayed again". BBC
BBC
News. 14 July 2009. Retrieved 9 December 2009.  ^ "Council change challenge rejected". BBC
BBC
News. 2 December 2009. Retrieved 9 December 2009.  ^ "'Super councils' in Exeter
Exeter
and Norwich get go ahead". BBC
BBC
News. 10 February 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2010.  ^ "The Coalition: our programme for government" (PDF). HM Government, United Kingdom. 20 May 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2010.  ^ Hennessy, Patrick (22 May 2010). "The Queen's Speech: Bill by Bill". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 

Coordinates: 50°42′53″N 3°31′3″W / 50.71472°N 3.51750°W / 50.71472; -3.51750 (County Hall)

v t e

Civil parishes in the ceremonial county of Devon
Devon

List of civil parishes in Devon

Exeter1,2

None

East Devon1

All Saints Awliscombe Axminster Axmouth Aylesbeare Beer Bicton Brampford Speke Branscombe Broad Clyst Broadhembury Buckerell Budleigh Salterton Chardstock Clyst Honiton Clyst Hydon Clyst St George Clyst St Lawrence Clyst St Mary Colaton Raleigh Colyton Combe Raleigh Combpyne Rousdon Cotleigh Cranbrook Dalwood Dunkeswell East Budleigh Exmouth Farringdon Farway Feniton Gittisham Hawkchurch Honiton Huxham Kilmington Lands common to Axminster
Axminster
and Kilmington Luppitt Lympstone Membury Monkton Musbury Nether Exe Newton Poppleford and Harpford Northleigh Offwell Otterton Ottery St Mary Payhembury Plymtree Poltimore Rewe Rockbeare Seaton Sheldon Shute Sidmouth Southleigh Sowton Stockland Stoke Canon Talaton Uplyme Upottery Upton Pyne Whimple Widworthy Woodbury Yarcombe

Mid Devon1

Bampton Bickleigh Bow Bradninch Brushford Burlescombe Butterleigh Cadbury Cadeleigh Chawleigh Cheriton Bishop Cheriton Fitzpaine Clannaborough Clayhanger Clayhidon Coldridge Colebrooke Copplestone Crediton Crediton
Crediton
Hamlets Cruwys Morchard Cullompton Culmstock Down St Mary Eggesford Halberton Hemyock Hittisleigh Hockworthy Holcombe Rogus Huntsham Kennerleigh Kentisbeare Lapford Loxbeare Morchard Bishop Morebath Newton St Cyres Nymet Rowland Oakford Poughill Puddington Sampford Peverell Sandford Shobrooke Silverton Stockleigh English Stockleigh Pomeroy Stoodleigh Templeton Thelbridge Thorverton Tiverton Uffculme Uplowman Upton Hellions Washfield Washford Pyne Wembworthy Willand Woolfardisworthy Zeal Monachorum

North Devon1

Arlington Ashford Atherington Barnstaple Berrynarbor Bishop's Nympton Bishop's Tawton Bittadon Bratton Fleming Braunton Brayford Brendon and Countisbury Burrington Challacombe Chittlehamholt Chittlehampton Chulmleigh Combe Martin East and West Buckland East Anstey East Down East Worlington Filleigh Fremington Georgeham George Nympton Goodleigh Heanton Punchardon Horwood, Lovacott and Newton Tracey Ilfracombe Instow Kentisbury King's Nympton Knowstone Landkey Loxhore Lynton
Lynton
and Lynmouth Mariansleigh Martinhoe Marwood Meshaw Molland Mortehoe North Molton Parracombe Pilton West Queen's Nympton Rackenford Romansleigh Rose Ash Satterleigh and Warkleigh Shirwell South Molton Stoke Rivers Swimbridge Tawstock Trentishoe Twitchen West Anstey West Down Westleigh Witheridge

Torridge1

Abbots Bickington Abbotsham Alverdiscott Alwington Ashreigney Ashwater Beaford Bideford Black Torrington Bradford Bradworthy Bridgerule Broadwoodwidger Buckland Brewer Buckland Filleigh Bulkworthy Clawton Clovelly Cookbury Dolton Dowland East Putford Frithelstock Great Torrington Halwill Hartland High Bickington Hollacombe Holsworthy Holsworthy Hamlets Huish Huntshaw Landcross Langtree Littleham Little Torrington Luffincott Merton Milton Damerel Monkleigh Newton St Petrock Northam Northcott Pancrasweek Parkham Peters Marland Petrockstow Pyworthy Roborough Shebbear Sheepwash St Giles in the Wood St Giles on the Heath Sutcombe Tetcott Thornbury Virginstow Weare Giffard Welcombe West Putford Winkleigh Woolfardisworthy Yarnscombe

West Devon1,3

Beaworthy Belstone Bere Ferrers Bondleigh Bradstone Bratton Clovelly Brentor Bridestowe Broadwoodkelly Buckland Monachorum Chagford Coryton Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Forest Drewsteignton Dunterton Exbourne Germansweek Gidleigh Gulworthy Hatherleigh Highampton Horrabridge Iddesleigh Inwardleigh Jacobstowe Kelly Lamerton Lands common to Bridestowe
Bridestowe
and Sourton Lewtrenchard Lifton Lydford Marystow Mary Tavy Meavy Meeth Milton Abbot Monkokehampton North Tawton Northlew Okehampton Okehampton
Okehampton
Hamlets Peter Tavy Sampford Courtenay Sampford Spiney Sheepstor Sourton South Tawton Spreyton Sticklepath Stowford Sydenham Damerel Tavistock Throwleigh Thrushelton Walkhampton Whitchurch

South Hams1

Ashprington Aveton Gifford Berry Pomeroy Bickleigh Bigbury Blackawton Brixton Buckland Tout Saints Charleton Chivelstone Churchstow Cornwood Cornworthy Dartington Dartmouth Dean Prior Diptford Dittisham East Allington East Portlemouth Ermington Frogmore and Sherford Halwell and Moreleigh Harberton Harford Holbeton Holne Ivybridge Kingsbridge Kingston Kingswear Littlehempston Loddiswell Malborough Marldon Modbury Newton and Noss North Huish Rattery Ringmore Salcombe Shaugh Prior Slapton South Brent South Huish South Milton South Pool Sparkwell Staverton Stoke Fleming Stoke Gabriel Stokenham Strete Thurlestone Totnes
Totnes
Ugborough Wembury West Alvington West Buckfastleigh Woodleigh Yealmpton

Teignbridge1

Abbotskerswell Ashburton Ashcombe Ashton Bickington Bishopsteignton Bovey Tracey Bridford Broadhempston Buckfastleigh Buckland-in-the-Moor Christow Chudleigh Coffinswell Dawlish Denbury and Torbryan Doddiscombsleigh Dunchideock Dunsford Exminster Haccombe with Combe Hennock Holcombe Burnell Ide Ideford Ilsington Ipplepen Kenn Kenton Kingskerswell Kingsteignton Lustleigh Mamhead Manaton Moretonhampstead Newton Abbot North Bovey Ogwell Powderham Shaldon Shillingford St George Starcross Stokeinteignhead Tedburn St Mary Teigngrace Teignmouth Trusham Whitestone Widecombe-in-the-Moor Woodland

Plymouth2,4

None

Torbay4

Brixham5

Bold text denotes a parish council referred to as a "town council".

Non-metropolitan district
Non-metropolitan district
of the non-metropolitan county of Devon (administered by Devon
Devon
County Council). Has city status in the United Kingdom. Has borough status in the United Kingdom. Unitary authority
Unitary authority
not part of the non-metropolitan county, thus not administered by Devon
Devon
County Council. The remainder of Torbay
Torbay
is unparished.

v t e

Local authorities in Devon

County council
County council
and unitary

Devon Plymouth Torbay

District councils

East Devon Exeter Mid Devon North Devon South Hams Teignbridge Torridge West Devon

v t e

Ceremonial county
Ceremonial county
of Devon

Devon
Devon
Portal

Unitary authorities

Plymouth Torbay

Boroughs or districts

Exeter East Devon Mid Devon North Devon Torridge West Devon South Hams Teignbridge

Major settlements

Ashburton Axminster Bampton Barnstaple Bideford Bovey Tracey Bradninch Brixham Buckfastleigh Budleigh Salterton Chagford Chudleigh Chulmleigh Crediton Cullompton Dartmouth Dawlish Exeter Exmouth Great Torrington Hartland Hatherleigh Holsworthy Honiton Ilfracombe Ivybridge Kingsbridge Kingsteignton Lynton Modbury Moretonhampstead Newton Abbot North Tawton Northam Okehampton Ottery St Mary Paignton Plymouth Plympton Salcombe Seaton Sidmouth South Molton Tavistock Teignmouth Tiverton Topsham Torquay Totnes See also: List of civil parishes in Devon

Rivers

Ashburn Avon Axe Barle Bovey Bray Burn Clyst Creedy Culm Dart East Dart West Dart Erme Exe Heddon Lemon Lew Lumburn Lyd East Lyn West Lyn Meavy Mole Okement East Okement West Okement Otter Plym Sid Swincombe Tamar Tavy Taw Teign Thrushel Torridge Walkham Wallabrooke East Webburn West Webburn Wolf Yealm

Topics

Flag Devon
Devon
County Council Parliamentary constituencies Economy Places Towns by population SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II*
Grade II*
listed buildings Bridges History Schools Museums Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Notable people Dartmoor Exmoor Jurassic Coast South West Coast Path North Devon's Biosphere Reserve

v t e

County councils of England

Councils

Buckinghamshire Cambridgeshire Cumbria Derbyshire Devon Dorset East Sussex Essex Gloucestershire Hampshire Hertfordshire Kent Lancashire Leicestershire Lincolnshire Norfolk North Yorkshire Northamptonshire Nottinghamshire Oxfordshire Somerset Staffordshire Suffolk Surrey Warwickshire West Sussex Worcestershire

Elections

Buckinghamshire Cambridgeshire Cumbria Derbyshire Devon Dorset East Sussex Essex Gloucestershire Hampshire Hertfordshire Kent Lancashire Leicestershire Lincolnshire Norfolk North Yorkshire Northamptonshire Nottinghamshire Oxfordshire Somerset Staffordshire Suffolk Surrey Warwickshire West Sus

.