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The Deutsches Jungvolk
Deutsches Jungvolk
in der Hitler Jugend (DJ, also DJV; German for "German Youngsters in the Hitler Youth") was the separate section for boys aged 10 to 14 of the Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
organisation in Nazi Germany. Through a programme of outdoor activities, parades and sports, it aimed to indoctrinate its young members in the tenets of Nazi ideology. Membership became fully compulsory for eligible boys in 1939. By the end of World War II, some had become child soldiers. After the end of the war in 1945, the Deutsches Jungvolk
Deutsches Jungvolk
and its parent organization, the Hitler Youth, ceased to exist.

Contents

1 Development 2 Training and activities 3 Organization 4 Uniform and emblems 5 Wartime 6 Disbandment 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Development[edit]

Deutsches Jungvolk
Deutsches Jungvolk
fanfare trumpeters at a Nazi rally in the town of Worms in 1933. Their banners illustrate the Deutsches Jungvolk
Deutsches Jungvolk
rune insignia.

The Deutsches Jungvolk
Deutsches Jungvolk
was founded in 1928 by Kurt Gruber under the title Jungmannschaften ("Youth Teams"), but it was renamed Knabenschaft and finally Deutsches Jungvolk
Deutsches Jungvolk
in der Hitler Jugend in March 1931.[1] Both the Deutsches Jungvolk
Deutsches Jungvolk
(DJ or DJV) and Hitler Youth (HJ) modelled parts of their uniform and programme from the German Scouting associations and other youth groups,[2] which were then banned by the Nazi government during 1933 and 1934.[3] Following the enactment of the Law on the Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
on 1 December 1936,[4] boys had to be registered with the Reich Youth Office in the March of the year in which they would reach the age of ten; those who were found to be racially acceptable were expected to join the DJ. Although not compulsory, the failure of eligible boys to join the DJ was seen as a failure of civic responsibility on the part of their parents.[1] The regulations were tightened further by the Second Execution Order to the Law on the Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
("Youth Service Regulation") on 25 March 1939, which made membership of the DJ or Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
mandatory for all Germans between 10 and 18 years of age. Parents could be fined or imprisoned for failing to register their children. Boys were excluded if they had previously been found guilty of "dishonourable acts", if they were found to be "unfit for service" for medical reasons, or if they were Jewish. Ethnic Poles or Danes living in the Reich (this was before the outbreak of war) could apply for exemption, but were not excluded.[5] Training and activities[edit]

Deutsches Jungvolk
Deutsches Jungvolk
recruits of 1933 learn fire fighting techniques

The DJ and HJ copied many of the activities of the various German youth organizations that they replaced. For many boys, the DJ was the only way to participate in sports, camping, and hiking.[6] However, the main purpose of the DJ was the inculcation of boys in the political principles of National Socialism. Members were obliged to attend Nazi party rallies and parades. On a weekly basis, there was the Heimabende, a Wednesday evening meeting for political, racial, and ideological indoctrination. Boys were encouraged to inform the authorities if their parents' beliefs were contrary to Nazi dogma.[7] Once Germany was at war, basic pre-military preparation increased; by the end of 1940, DJ members were required to be trained in target shooting with small-bore rifles and to take part in "terrain manoeuvres".[8] Organization[edit]

Deutsches Jungvolk
Deutsches Jungvolk
recruits line up for roll call at a rally in Berlin, in 1934

Recruits were called Pimpfen, a colloquial word from Upper German
Upper German
for "boy", "little rascal", "scamp", or "rapscallion" (originally "little fart").[9][10] Groups of 10 boys were called a Jungenschaft, with leaders chosen from the older boys; four of these formed a unit called a Jungzug. These units were further grouped into companies and battalions, each with their own leaders, who were usually young adults.[1] Der Pimpf, the Nazi magazine for boys, was particularly aimed at those in the Deutsches Jungvolk, with adventure and propaganda.[11] Recruits were required to swear a version of the Hitler oath: "In the presence of this blood banner which represents our Führer, I swear to devote all my energies and my strength to the savior of our country, Adolf Hitler. I am willing and ready to give up my life for him, so help me God."[12] Uniform and emblems[edit] The DJ uniform was very similar to the Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
equivalent. The summer uniform consisted of a black shorts and tan shirt with pockets, worn with a rolled black neckerchief secured with a woggle, usually tucked under the collar.[13] Headgear originally consisted of a beret, but when this was discarded by the HJ in 1934, the DJ adopted a side cap with coloured piping which denoted their unit.[14] The emblem of the DJ was a white Sieg rune on a black background, which symbolised "victory".[15] This was worn on the uniform in the form of a cloth badge, sewn onto the upper-left sleeve of the shirt.[16] Wartime[edit]

12-year-old Jungvolk platoon commander, Alfred Zech (from Goldenau in Upper Silesia) earned the Iron Cross
Iron Cross
Second Class in 1945 for rescuing wounded soldiers whilst under enemy fire.

In addition to their pre-military training, the DJ contributed to the German war effort by collecting recyclable materials such as paper and scrap metal, and by acting as messengers for the civil defence organisations. By 1944, the Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
formed part of the Volkssturm, an unpaid, part-time militia, and often formed special HJ companies within Volkssturm
Volkssturm
battalions. In theory, service in the Volkssturm
Volkssturm
was limited to boys over 16 years of age, however much younger boys, including Jungvolk members, often volunteered or were coerced into serving in these units; even joining the "Tank Close-Combat Squads" which were expected to attack enemy tanks with hand-held weapons.[17] Eye witness reports of the Battle of Berlin
Battle of Berlin
in April 1945 record instances of young boys fighting in their DJ uniforms, complete with short trousers.[18] Adolf Hitler's last public appearance was on 20 April 1945, when he presented Iron Crosses to defenders of Berlin, including several boys, some as young as twelve years-old.[19] Disbandment[edit] With the surrender of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in 1945, the organization de facto ceased to exist. On 10 October 1945, it was outlawed by the Allied Control Council along with other Nazi Party
Nazi Party
organizations. Under Section 86 of the German Criminal Code, the Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
is an "unconstitutional organisation" and the distribution or public use of its symbols, except for educational or research purposes, are not permitted.[citation needed]

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Deutsches Jungvolk
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See also[edit]

National Socialist Schoolchildren's League
National Socialist Schoolchildren's League
(NSS)

References[edit]

^ a b c Lepage, Jean-Denis (2009), Hitler Youth, 1922-1945: An Illustrated History, McFarland & Company, ISBN 978-0-7864-3935-5 (p. 34) ^ Kitchen, Martin (2008). The Third Reich: Charisma and Community. Routledge. p. 146. ISBN 978-1-4058-0169-0.  ^ Laqueur, Walter (1984). Young Germany: A History of the German Youth Movement. Transaction Books. p. 201. ISBN 0-88738-002-6.  ^ German History in Documents and Images (GHDI) - Law on the Hitler Youth (December 1, 1936) ^ German History in Documents and Images (GHDI) - Second Execution Order to the Law on the Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
("Youth Service Regulation") (March 25, 1939) ^ Lepage, pp. 70-72 ^ Lepage, pp. 83-84 ^ Lepage, p. 125 ^ [1] Dudens Rechtschreibung. ^ Heberer, Patricia (2011) Children During the Holocaust, AltaMira Press, ISBN 978-0-7591-1984-0 (p. 265) ^ Material from "Der Pimpf" ^ The History Place - Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
- Timeline and Organization ^ Stephens, Frederick John (1973) Hitler Youth: History, Organisation, Uniforms and Insignia, Almark Publishing, ISBN 0855241047 (p.43) ^ Stephens (p. 8) ^ Stephens (p. 73) ^ Lepage, p. 62 ^ Thomas, Nigel (1992), Wehrmacht Auxiliary Forces, Osprey Publishing, ISBN 1-85532-257-9 (p. 46) ^ McNab, Chris (2011), Hitler's Armies: A History of the German War Machine 1939-45, Osprey Publishing, ISBN 978-1849086479 (p. 399) ^ Selby, Scott Andrew (2013). The Axmann Conspiracy: A Nazi Plan for a Fourth Reich and How the U.S. Army Defeated It. Berkley. ISBN 978-0425253687.  (Chapter 1)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jungvolk.

Without Solving the Jewish Question, No Salvation for Mankind, an anti-Semitic children's story about DJ members from a book called Der Giftpilz published by Julius Streicher.

v t e

Nazism

Organizations

National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) Sturmabteilung
Sturmabteilung
(SA) Schutzstaffel
Schutzstaffel
(SS) Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo) Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
(HJ) National Socialist Flyers Corps
National Socialist Flyers Corps
(NSFK) National Socialist Motor Corps
National Socialist Motor Corps
(NSKK) League of German Girls
League of German Girls
(BDM) National Socialist League of the Reich for Physical Exercise
National Socialist League of the Reich for Physical Exercise
(NSRL) National Socialist Women's League
National Socialist Women's League
(NSF) Reich Labour Service
Reich Labour Service
(RAD) Werwolf

History

Early timeline Adolf Hitler's rise to power Machtergreifung Re-armament Nazi Germany Night of the Long Knives Nuremberg Rally Anti-Comintern Pact Kristallnacht World War II Tripartite Pact The Holocaust Nuremberg trials Denazification Consequences

Ideology

Architecture Gleichschaltung Anti-democratic thought Strasserism Hitler's political views Mein Kampf
Mein Kampf
(Hitler) Der Mythus des Zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts (Rosenberg) National Socialist Program New Order Preussentum und Sozialismus Propaganda Religious aspects Women in Nazi Germany

Race

Blood and Soil Eugenics Greater Germanic Reich Heim ins Reich Lebensborn Master race Racial policy Religion

Atrocities

Action T4 Final Solution Human experimentation Porajmos

Outside Germany

United States

American Nazi Party German American Bund National Socialist Movement

Arrow Cross Party
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(Argentina) Nazism
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in Brazil Ossewabrandwag
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(South Africa) World Union of National Socialists

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members Speeches given by Hitler SS personnel

People

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