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The German Right Party (German: Deutsche Rechtspartei, DRP) was a far-right political party that emerged in the British zone of Allied-occupied Germany
Allied-occupied Germany
after the Second World War. Also known as the Deutsche Konservative Partei - Deutsche Rechtspartei (the party used both names, varying the name used between different Länder, but had no direct links to the pre-World War I German Conservative Party), the initially national conservative party was formed in June 1946 by a merger of three smaller groups - the Deutsche Konservative Partei, the Deutsche Aufbaupartei of the Völkisch politician Reinhold Wulle
Reinhold Wulle
and the Deutsche Bauern- und Landvolk Partei.[1] Its manifesto was in large parts authored by Hans Zehrer. Originally intended as a continuation of the German National People's Party, it soon attracted a number of former Nazis and its programme changed towards a more neo-Nazi stance,[2] while many centrist members left to join the German Party (DP). In the 1949 federal elections to the first Bundestag, the party won five seats,[1] among the deputies was Fritz Rössler (alias Dr. Franz Richter), who soon became notorious for his radical positions. Despite this success, the DRP was weakened that same year when the Socialist Reich Party
Socialist Reich Party
(Sozialistische Reichspartei, SRP) was formed and a number of members who supported Otto Ernst Remer
Otto Ernst Remer
and Gerhard Krüger left to join the more openly neo-Nazi party.[3] Indeed, the group lost two of its deputies - Rössler and Fritz Dorls - to this more extreme party upon its foundation.[4] They did however gain one deputy when the Wirtschaftliche Aufbau-Vereinigung, a group of disparate figures who supported the demagogic Munich lawyer Alfred Loritz, disintegrated in the early 1950s.[5] Within the Bundestag, the DRP began to work closely with a number of minor groups on the far-right, such as the National Democrats (a minor group that should not be confused with the later National Democratic Party of Germany). Between 1950 and 1951, the remaining DRP MPs who supported Fritz Rössler sought to merge with these groups in order to form a larger grouping, which resulted in the creation of the Deutsche Reichspartei.[6] Rössler had to vacate his party offices for his contacts with SRP chairmen, he joined the Socialist Reich Party
Socialist Reich Party
in September 1950. Although effectively defunct, a report on the party was produced by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany
Federal Constitutional Court of Germany
in the context of the SRP ban in 1952. The report claimed that the party had actively tried to organize members of earlier right wing groups, although no action was taken as the party had ceased to exist.[7] A few members who had not joined the Deutsche Reichspartei continued as "National Rightists" (Nationale Rechte) and finally aligned themselves with the Free Democratic Party in 1954. See also[edit]

Conservatism in Germany

References[edit]

^ a b D. Childs, 'The Far-Right in Germany since 1945', L. Cheles, R. Ferguson & M. Vaughan, Neo-Fascism in Europe, Harlow: Longman, 1992, p. 70 ^ R. Eatwell, Fascism: A History, London: Pimlico, 2003, p. 277 ^ Childs, 'The Far-Right in Germany', p. 71 ^ Alfred Grosser, Germany in Our Time, Penguin Books, 1971, p. 212 ^ Alfred Grosser, Germany in Our Time, pp. 252-253 ^ Eatwell, Fascism: A History, p. 279 ^ Karl Dietrich Bracher, The German Dictatorship, Harmondworth: Penguin, 1973, p. 579

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National Socialist German Workers' Party

Leader

Anton Drexler
Anton Drexler
(1919–1921) Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
(1921–1945) Martin Bormann
Martin Bormann
(1945)

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Sturmabteilung
(SA) Beer Hall Putsch Brown House, Munich Horst-Wessel-Lied Party songs Adolf Hitler's rise to power Night of the Long Knives Schutzstaffel
Schutzstaffel
(SS) Enabling Act of 1933 NSDAP/AO Greater German Reich Hitler Youth World War II Operation Werwolf Denazification Article 21 Paragraph 2 (de facto prohibition) National Socialism German Question Jewish Question Anti-Semitism in Germany

Party offices

NSDAP Office of Racial Policy NSDAP Office of Foreign Affairs NSDAP Office of Colonial Policy NSDAP Office of Military Policy Hitler's Chancellery Nazi Party
Nazi Party
Chancellery Amt Rosenberg

Publications

Völkischer Beobachter Das Schwarze Korps Das Reich Innviertler Heimatblatt Arbeitertum Der Angriff

Members

Gottfried Feder Dietrich Eckart Alfred Rosenberg Joseph Goebbels Heinrich Himmler Reinhard Heydrich Hermann Göring Gregor Strasser Otto Strasser Albert Speer Rudolf Hess Ernst Kaltenbrunner Adolf Eichmann Joachim von Ribbentrop Houston Stewart Chamberlain Hans Frank Rudolf Höss Richard Walther Darré Baldur von Schirach Artur Axmann Ernst Röhm Wilhelm Frick Josef Mengele Ernst Hanfstaengl Julius Streicher Hermann Esser

Derivatives

Black Front (Strasserism) / German Social Union Deutsche Rechtspartei (through entryism) / Deutsche Reichspartei / National Democratic Party of Germany Socialist Reich Party

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Neo-Nazism

Groups

Extant

Germany and Austria

Autonome Nationalisten Artgemeinschaft National Democratic Party of Germany

Europe

Bosnian Movement of National Pride British Movement Combat 18 Golden Dawn National Action National Socialist Movement of Denmark National Socialist Movement of Norway Nordic Resistance Movement November 9th Society Order of Nine Angles Pax Hungarica Movement Russian National Unity Russian National Socialist Party Slavic Union

International

Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging Atomwaffen Division Antipodean Resistance Black Order Blanke Bevrydingsbeweging Blood & Honour Nationalist Front (United States) National Socialism Association National Socialist Japanese Workers' Party National Socialist Movement (United States) NSDAP/AO
NSDAP/AO
(1972) Patriot Front Tsagaan Khas Vanguard America White Aryan Resistance World Union of National Socialists

Defunct

Germany and Austria

Action Front of National Socialists/National Activists Deutsche Heidnische Front Deutsche Reichspartei Free German Workers' Party Gesinnungsgemeinschaft der Neuen Front German Alternative German Social Union The Immortals Landig Group National Democratic Party (Austria) Nationalist Front National Offensive National Socialist Underground Socialist Reich Party Volkssozialistische Bewegung Deutschlands/Partei der Arbeit Wiking-Jugend

Europe

Avanguardia Nazionale Bloed, Bodem, Eer en Trouw CEDADE European Liberation Front Hungarian National Front Heathen Front National Socialist Action Party National Socialist Front National Socialist Movement (UK) Nordic Reich Party Norwegian Germanic Army Order of Flemish Militants Ordine Nero Ordine Nuovo Party of the Swedes Volkspartei der Schweiz Russian National Union Unified Lithuanian National Workers Movement

International

American Nazi Party Australian National Socialist Party Canadian Nazi Party SUMKA Patrol 36 National Renaissance Party National Socialist Party of America National Socialist League National Socialist Liberation Front National Socialist Party of Australia National Socialist Party of New Zealand New Triumph Party Unit 88

People

Bela Ewald Althans Gaston-Armand Amaudruz Andrew Anglin Alexander Barkashov René Binet William John Beattie Kerry Bolton Salvador Borrego Harold Covington Nicky Crane Bert Eriksson Franco Freda Mark Fredriksen Léon Degrelle Savitri Devi Françoise Dior Ian Stuart Donaldson István Győrkös Arthur J. Jones Colin Jordan Konstantin Kasimovsky Colin King-Ansell Matthias Koehl Michael Kühnen Gottfried Küssel Princess Marie Adelheid of Lippe Klas Lund James H. Madole Jacques de Mahieu Horst Mahler James Mason Michael McLaughlin Tom Metzger Davud Monshizadeh Eustace Mullins David Myatt Otto Ernst Remer Povl Riis-Knudsen Gary Lauck George Lincoln Rockwell Manfred Roeder Horst Rosenkranz Fritz Rössler Florentine Rost van Tonningen Hans-Ulrich Rudel Miguel Serrano Albert Spaggiari Otto Strasser Otto Skorzeny Eugène Terre'Blanche H. Keith Thompson Terry Tremaine Joseph Tommasi John Tyndall Jack van Tongeren Russell Veh Varg Vikernes Martin Webster Christian Worch Francis Parker Yockey Ernst Zündel

Category

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The far right in post-war Germany

Political parties and groups

Action Front of National Socialists/National Activists Alternative for Germany Artgemeinschaft Autonome Nationalisten Deutsche Heidnische Front Deutsche Rechtspartei Deutsche Reichspartei Free German Workers' Party German Alternative German League for People and Homeland German People's Union German Social Union Gesinnungsgemeinschaft der Neuen Front Identitarian movement National Democratic Party of Germany National Offensive Nationalist Front Pegida The Republicans Socialist Reich Party Volkssozialistische Bewegung Deutschlands/Partei der Arbeit Wiking-Jugend

People

Bela Ewald Althans Holger Apfel Wilhelm Bittrich Friedhelm Busse Günter Deckert Sepp Dietrich Gerhard Frey Herbert Gille Wolf Rüdiger Hess Erich Kern Götz Kubitschek Michael Kühnen Otto Kumm Horst Mahler Hubert Meyer Kurt Meyer Armin Mohler Martin Mussgnug Harald Neubauer Frauke Petry Paul Hausser Otto Ernst Remer Jürgen Rieger Hans-Ulrich Rudel Franz Schönhuber Fritz Rössler Wilhelm Stäglich Felix Steiner Otto Strasser Michael Swierczek Adolf von Thadden Friedrich Thielen Udo Voigt Christian Worch

German law

Strafgesetzbuch section 86a

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Deutsche Nationalzeitung Fourth Reich HIAG Nation Europa Neue Rechte Stille Hilfe Strasserism Überfremdung Zuerst!

Authority control

G

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