Deutsch–Französische Jahrbücher published only one isue, a double number, appeared in February 1844. Marx's essay On The Jewish Question and the introduction to the manuscript Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right were published in this issue. Friedrich Engels also submitted articles to the journal, and publication of Engels' essay "Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy" led to further correspondence between Marx and Engels.
In the months following publication, Marx was accused by the Prussian government of high treason and lèse-majesté for his writings in the Jahrbücher. The publication was discontinued because of Marx's differences in principle with Ruge and the difficulty of smuggling the periodical into Germany.