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DESCRIPTION is the pattern of development that presents a word picture of a thing, a person, a situation, or a series of events. It is one of four rhetorical modes (also known as _modes of discourse_), along with exposition , argumentation , and narration . Each of the rhetorical modes is present in a variety of forms and each has its own purpose and conventions . The act of description may be related to that of definition . Description is also the fiction-writing mode for transmitting a mental image of the particulars of a story .

CONTENTS

* 1 As a fiction-writing mode * 2 Purple prose * 3 Philosophy * 4 Physics * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links

AS A FICTION-WRITING MODE

Fiction is a form of narrative , one of the four rhetorical modes of discourse. Fiction-writing also has modes: action , exposition, description, dialogue , summary, and transition. Author Peter Selgin refers to _methods_, including action, dialogue, thoughts, summary, scenes , and description. Currently, there is no consensus within the writing community regarding the number and composition of fiction-writing modes and their uses.

Description is the fiction-writing mode for transmitting a mental image of the particulars of a story. Together with dialogue, narration, exposition, and summarization, description is one of the most widely recognized of the fiction-writing modes. As stated in _Writing from A to Z_, edited by Kirk Polking, description is more than the amassing of details; it is bringing something to life by carefully choosing and arranging words and phrases to produce the desired effect. The most appropriate and effective techniques for presenting description are a matter of ongoing discussion among writers and writing coaches.

PURPLE PROSE

In literary criticism , PURPLE PROSE is a passage or sometimes an entire literary work, written in prose so overly extravagant, ornate, or flowery as to break the flow and draw attention to itself. Purple prose is sensuously evocative beyond the requirements of its context. It also refers to writing that employs certain rhetorical effects such as exaggerated sentiment or pathos in an attempt to manipulate a reader's response.

PHILOSOPHY

In philosophy, the nature of description has been an important question since Bertrand Russell's classical texts.

PHYSICS

The word _deon_ is often used interchangeably with the word _theory _.

SEE ALSO

* Anthropomorphism * Cliché * Diction * Grammatical modifier * Grammatical voice * Metaphors * Narrative mode * Nouns * Objectification * Personification * Referential density * Relevance * Rhetorical devices * Simile * Verisimilitude * Word choice

NOTES

* ^ Morrell (2006) , p. 127 * ^ Selgin (2007) , p. 38 * ^ Polking (1990) , p. 106 * ^ Ludlow, Peter (2007), _Descriptions_, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

REFERENCES

* Rozakis, Laurie (2003). _The Complete Idiot's Guide to Grammar and Style, 2nd Edition_. Alpha. ISBN 978-1-59257-115-4 * Marshall, Evan (1998). _The Marshall Plan for Novel Writing_. Cincinnati, OH: Writer's Digest Books. pp. 143–165. ISBN 1-58297-062-9 . * Morrell, Jessica Page (2006). _Between the Lines: Master the Subtle Elements of Fiction Writing_. Cincinnati, OH: Writer's Digest Books. p. 127. ISBN 978-1-58297-393-7 . * Polking, Kirk (1990). _Writing A to Z_. Cincinnati, OH: Writer's Digest Books. ISBN 0-89879-435-8 . * Selgin, Peter (2007). _By Cunning & Craft: Sound Advice and Practical Wisdom for fiction writers_. Cincinnati, OH: Writer's Digest Books. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-58297-491-0 .

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