The Info List - Derek Walcott

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Sir Derek Alton Walcott, KCSL, OBE, OCC (23 January 1930 – 17 March 2017) was a Saint Lucian poet and playwright. He received the 1992 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature.[1] He was Professor of Poetry at the University of Essex
University of Essex
from 2010 to 2013. His works include the Homeric epic poem Omeros
(1990), which many critics view "as Walcott's major achievement."[2] In addition to winning the Nobel Prize, Walcott received many literary awards over the course of his career, including an Obie Award
Obie Award
in 1971 for his play Dream on Monkey Mountain, a MacArthur Foundation
MacArthur Foundation
"genius" award, a Royal Society of Literature Award, the Queen's Medal for Poetry, the inaugural OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature,[3] the 2011 T. S. Eliot Prize
T. S. Eliot Prize
for his book of poetry White Egrets[4] and the Griffin Trust For Excellence In Poetry Lifetime Recognition Award in 2015.


1 Early life and childhood 2 Career

2.1 Controversy over allegations of sexual harassment

3 Writing

3.1 Themes 3.2 Influences 3.3 Playwriting 3.4 Essays 3.5 Omeros 3.6 Criticism and praise

4 Personal life 5 Death 6 Legacy 7 Awards and honours 8 List of works 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Early life and childhood[edit] Walcott was born and raised in Castries, Saint Lucia, in the West Indies, the son of Alix (Maarlin) and Warwick Walcott.[5] He had a twin brother, the playwright Roderick Walcott, and a sister, Pamela Walcott. His family is of English, Dutch and African descent, reflecting the complex colonial history of the island that he explores in his poetry. His mother, a teacher, loved the arts and often recited poetry around the house.[6] His father, who painted and wrote poetry, died at the age of 31 from mastoiditis while his wife was pregnant with the twins Derek and Roderick.[6] Walcott's family was part of a minority Methodist community, who felt overshadowed by the dominant Catholic culture of the island established during French colonial rule.[7] As a young man Walcott trained as a painter, mentored by Harold Simmons,[8] whose life as a professional artist provided an inspiring example for him. Walcott greatly admired Cézanne
and Giorgione
and sought to learn from them.[6] Walcott's painting was later exhibited at the Anita Shapolsky Gallery in New York City, along with the art of other writers, in a 2007 exhibition named "The Writer's Brush: Paintings and Drawing by Writers".[9][10] He studied as a writer, becoming "an elated, exuberant poet madly in love with English" and strongly influenced by modernist poets such as T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
and Ezra Pound.[2] Walcott had an early sense of a vocation as a writer. In the poem "Midsummer" (1984), he wrote:

Forty years gone, in my island childhood, I felt that the gift of poetry had made me one of the chosen, that all experience was kindling to the fire of the Muse.[6]

At 14, Walcott published his first poem, a Miltonic, religious poem, in the newspaper The Voice of St Lucia. An English Catholic priest condemned the Methodist-inspired poem as blasphemous in a response printed in the newspaper.[6] By 19, Walcott had self-published his first two collections with the aid of his mother, who paid for the printing: 25 Poems (1948) and Epitaph for the Young: XII Cantos (1949). He sold copies to his friends and covered the costs.[11] He later commented,

I went to my mother and said, "I’d like to publish a book of poems, and I think it’s going to cost me two hundred dollars." She was just a seamstress and a schoolteacher, and I remember her being very upset because she wanted to do it. Somehow she got it—a lot of money for a woman to have found on her salary. She gave it to me, and I sent off to Trinidad
and had the book printed. When the books came back I would sell them to friends. I made the money back.[6]

The influential Bajan poet Frank Collymore critically supported Walcott's early work.[6] With a scholarship, he studied at the University College of the West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica.[12] Career[edit]

Derek Walcott, VIII Festival Internacional, 1992

After graduation, Walcott moved to Trinidad
in 1953, where he became a critic, teacher and journalist.[12] He founded the Trinidad
Theatre Workshop in 1959 and remained active with its Board of Directors.[11][13] Exploring the Caribbean and its history in a colonialist and post-colonialist context, his collection In a Green Night: Poems 1948–1960 (1962) attracted international attention.[2] His play Dream on Monkey Mountain (1970) was produced on NBC-TV in the United States the year it was published. In 1971 it was produced by the Negro Ensemble Company off-Broadway in New York City; it won an Obie Award that year for "Best Foreign Play".[14] The following year, Walcott won an OBE
from the British government for his work.[15] He was hired as a teacher by Boston University
Boston University
in the United States, where he founded the Boston Playwrights' Theatre
Boston Playwrights' Theatre
in 1981. That year he also received a MacArthur Foundation
MacArthur Foundation
Fellowship in the United States. Walcott taught literature and writing at Boston University
Boston University
for more than two decades, publishing new books of poetry and plays on a regular basis. Walcott retired from his position at Boston University in 2007. He became friends with other poets, including the Russian expatriate Joseph Brodsky, who lived and worked in the U.S. after being exiled in the 1970s, and the Irishman Seamus Heaney, who also taught in Boston.[13] His epic poem Omeros
(1990), which loosely echoes and refers to characters from the Iliad, has been critically praised "as Walcott's major achievement."[2] The book received praise from publications such as The Washington Post
The Washington Post
and The New York Times Book Review, which chose Omeros
as one of its "Best Books of 1990".[16] Walcott was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
in 1992, the second Caribbean writer to receive the honour after Saint-John Perse, who was born in Guadeloupe, received the award in 1960. The Nobel committee described Walcott's work as "a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment".[2] He won an Anisfield-Wolf Book Award[17] for Lifetime Achievement in 2004. His later poetry collections include Tiepolo’s Hound (2000), illustrated with copies of his watercolors;[18] The Prodigal (2004), and White Egrets (2010), which received the T.S. Eliot Prize[2][12] and the 2011 OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature.[19] In 2009, Walcott began a three-year distinguished scholar-in-residence position at the University of Alberta. In 2010, he became Professor of Poetry at the University of Essex.[20] As a part of St Lucia's Independence Day celebrations, in February 2016, he became one of the first knights of the Order of Saint Lucia.[21] Controversy over allegations of sexual harassment[edit] In 1982 a Harvard sophomore accused Walcott of sexual harassment in September 1981. She alleged that after she refused a sexual advance from him, she was given the only C in the class. In 1996 a student at Boston University
Boston University
sued Walcott for sexual harassment and "offensive sexual physical contact". The two reached a settlement.[22][23] In 2009, Walcott was a leading candidate for the position of Oxford Professor of Poetry. He withdrew his candidacy after reports of the accusations against him of sexual harassment from 1981 and 1996.[24] When the media learned that pages from an American book on the topic were sent anonymously to a number of Oxford academics, this aroused their interest in the university decisions.[25][26] Ruth Padel, also a leading candidate, was elected to the post. Within days, The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
reported that she had alerted journalists to the harassment cases.[27][28] Under severe media and academic pressure, Padel resigned.[27][29] Padel was the first woman to be elected to the Oxford post, and some journalists attributed the criticism of her to misogyny[30][31] and a gender war at Oxford. They said that a male poet would not have been so criticized, as she had reported published information, not rumour.[32][33] Numerous respected poets, including Seamus Heaney
Seamus Heaney
and Al Alvarez, published a letter of support for Walcott in The Times Literary Supplement, and criticized the press furore.[34] Other commentators suggested that both poets were casualties of the media interest in an internal university affair, because the story "had everything, from sex claims to allegations of character assassination".[35] Simon Armitage and other poets expressed regret at Padel's resignation.[36][37] Writing[edit]

Wall poem Omeros
in Leiden

Wall poem Midsummer, Tobago in The Hague

Themes[edit] Methodism
and spirituality have played a significant role from the beginning in Walcott's work. He commented, "I have never separated the writing of poetry from prayer. I have grown up believing it is a vocation, a religious vocation." Describing his writing process, he wrote, "the body feels it is melting into what it has seen… the 'I' not being important. That is the ecstasy...Ultimately, it’s what Yeats
says: 'Such a sweetness flows into the breast that we laugh at everything and everything we look upon is blessed.' That’s always there. It’s a benediction, a transference. It’s gratitude, really. The more of that a poet keeps, the more genuine his nature."[6] He also notes, "if one thinks a poem is coming on...you do make a retreat, a withdrawal into some kind of silence that cuts out everything around you. What you’re taking on is really not a renewal of your identity but actually a renewal of your anonymity."[6] Influences[edit] Walcott said his writing was influenced by the work of the American poets, Robert Lowell
Robert Lowell
and Elizabeth Bishop, who were also friends.[6] Playwriting[edit] He published more than twenty plays, the majority of which have been produced by the Trinidad
Theatre Workshop and have also been widely staged elsewhere. Many of them address, either directly or indirectly, the liminal status of the West Indies
West Indies
in the post-colonial period.[38] Through poetry he also explores the paradoxes and complexities of this legacy.[39] Essays[edit] In his 1970 essay "What the Twilight Says: An Overture", discussing art and theatre in his native region (from Dream on Monkey Mountain and Other Plays), Walcott reflects on the West Indies
West Indies
as colonized space. He discusses the problems for an artist of a region with little in the way of truly indigenous forms, and with little national or nationalist identity. He states: "We are all strangers here... Our bodies think in one language and move in another". The epistemological effects of colonization inform plays such as Ti-Jean and his Brothers. Mi-Jean, one of the eponymous brothers, is shown to have much information, but to truly know nothing. Every line Mi-Jean recites is rote knowledge gained from the coloniser; he is unable to synthesize it or apply it to his life as a colonised person.[40] Walcott notes of growing up in West Indian culture

What we were deprived of was also our privilege. There was a great joy in making a world that so far, up to then, had been undefined... My generation of West Indian writers has felt such a powerful elation at having the privilege of writing about places and people for the first time and, simultaneously, having behind them the tradition of knowing how well it can be done—by a Defoe, a Dickens, a Richardson.[6]

Walcott identified as "absolutely a Caribbean writer", a pioneer, helping to make sense of the legacy of deep colonial damage.[6] In such poems as "The Castaway" (1965) and in the play Pantomime (1978), he uses the metaphors of shipwreck and Crusoe to describe the culture and what is required of artists after colonialism and slavery: both the freedom and the challenge to begin again, salvage the best of other cultures and make something new. These images recur in later work as well. He writes, "If we continue to sulk and say, Look at what the slave-owner did, and so forth, we will never mature. While we sit moping or writing morose poems and novels that glorify a non-existent past, then time passes us by."[6] Omeros[edit] Walcott's epic book-length poem Omeros
was published in 1990 to critical acclaim. The poem very loosely echoes and references Homer and some of his major characters from The Iliad. Some of the poem's major characters include the island fishermen Achille and Hector, the retired English officer Major Plunkett and his wife Maud, the housemaid Helen, the blind man Seven Seas (who symbolically represents Homer), and the author himself.[41] Although the main narrative of the poem takes place on the island of St. Lucia, where Walcott was born and raised, Walcott also includes scenes from Brookline, Massachusetts
Brookline, Massachusetts
(where Walcott was living and teaching at the time of the poem's composition), and the character Achille imagines a voyage from Africa onto a slave ship that is headed for the Americas; also, in Book Five of the poem, Walcott narrates some of his travel experiences in a variety of cities around the world, including Lisbon, London, Dublin, Rome, and Toronto.[42] Composed in a variation on terza rima, the work explores the themes that run throughout Walcott's oeuvre: the beauty of the islands, the colonial burden, the fragmentation of Caribbean identity, and the role of the poet in a post-colonial world.[43] Criticism and praise[edit] Walcott's work has received praise from major poets including Robert Graves, who wrote that Walcott "handles English with a closer understanding of its inner magic than most, if not any, of his contemporaries",[44] and Joseph Brodsky, who praised Walcott's work, writing: "For almost forty years his throbbing and relentless lines kept arriving in the English language like tidal waves, coagulating into an archipelago of poems without which the map of modern literature would effectively match wallpaper. He gives us more than himself or 'a world'; he gives us a sense of infinity embodied in the language."[45] Walcott noted that he, Brodsky, and the Irish poet Seamus Heaney, who all taught in the United States, were a band of poets "outside the American experience". The poetry critic William Logan critiqued Walcott's work in a New York Times book review of Walcott's Selected Poems. While he praised Walcott's writing in Sea Grapes and The Arkansas Testament, Logan had mostly negative things to say about Walcott's poetry, calling Omeros "clumsy" and Another Life "pretentious." Finally, he concluded with the faint praise that "No living poet has written verse more delicately rendered or distinguished than Walcott, though few individual poems seem destined to be remembered."[46] Most reviews of Walcott's work are more positive. For instance, in The New Yorker review of The Poetry of Derek Walcott, Adam Kirsch had high praise for Walcott's oeuvre, describing his style in the following manner:

By combining the grammar of vision with the freedom of metaphor, Walcott produces a beautiful style that is also a philosophical style. People perceive the world on dual channels, Walcott’s verse suggests, through the senses and through the mind, and each is constantly seeping into the other. The result is a state of perpetual magical thinking, a kind of Alice in Wonderland
Alice in Wonderland
world where concepts have bodies and landscapes are always liable to get up and start talking.[47]

Kirsch calls Another Life Walcott's "first major peak" and analyzes the painterly qualities of Walcott's imagery from his earliest work through to later books like Tiepolo's Hound. He also explores the post-colonial politics in Walcott's work, calling him "the postcolonial writer par excellence." He calls the early poem "A Far Cry from Africa" a turning point in Walcott's development as a poet. Like Logan, Kirsch is critical of Omeros
which he believes Walcott fails to successfully sustain over its entirety. Although Omeros
is the volume of Walcott's that usually receives the most critical praise, Kirsch believes that Midsummer is his best book.[48] His poetry, as spoken performance, appears briefly in the sampled sounds in the music album of the group Dreadzone. Their track entitled 'Captain Dread' from the album 'Second Light' incorporates the fourth verse of Walcott's 1990 poem 'The Schooner Flight'. In 2013 Dutch filmmaker Ida Does released "Poetry is an Island", a feature documentary film about Derek Walcott's life and the ever-present influence of his birthplace of St Lucia.[49][50] Personal life[edit] In 1954 Walcott married Fay Moston, a secretary, but the marriage ended in divorce in 1959. They had a son, the St Lucian painter Peter Walcott. Walcott married a second time to Margaret Maillard in 1962, who worked as an almoner in a hospital, and together they had two daughters, Elizabeth, and Anna; they divorced in 1976. In 1976, Walcott married for a third time, to actress Norline Metivier (divorced in 1993). He was survived by his longtime companion, Sigrid Nama, a former art gallery owner.[13][51][52][53] Walcott was also known for his passion for travelling to countries around the world. He split his time between New York, Boston, and St. Lucia, and incorporated the influences of different areas into his pieces of work.[2] Death[edit]

Derek Walcott's grave on Morne Fortune

Walcott died at his home in Cap Estate, St. Lucia, on 17 March 2017.[54] He was 87. He was given a state funeral on Saturday, 25 March, with a service at the Cathedral Basilica of the Immaculate Conception in Castries
and burial at Morne Fortune.[55][56] Legacy[edit] In 1993, a public square and park located in central Castries, Saint Lucia, was named Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
Square.[57] The Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
National Trust acquired Walcott's childhood home at 17 Chaussée Road, Castries, in November 2015, renovating it before opening it to the public as Walcott House in January 2016.[58] Awards and honours[edit]

1969 Cholmondeley Award[59] 1971 Obie Award
Obie Award
for Best Foreign Play (for Dream on Monkey Mountain)[59] 1972 Officer of the Order of the British Empire[15] 1981 MacArthur Foundation
MacArthur Foundation
Fellowship ("genius award")[59] 1988 Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry[51] 1990 Arts Council of Wales
Arts Council of Wales
International Writers Prize[59] 1990 W. H. Smith Literary Award (for poetry Omeros)[51] 1992 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature[51] 2004 Anisfield-Wolf Book Award for Lifetime Achievement[17] 2008 Honorary doctorate from the University of Essex[60] 2011 T. S. Eliot Prize
T. S. Eliot Prize
(for poetry collection White Egrets)[4] 2011 OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature (for White Egrets)[3] 2015 Griffin Trust For Excellence In Poetry Lifetime Recognition Award[61] 2016 Knight Commander of the Order of Saint Lucia[21]

List of works[edit]

Works by or about Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
in libraries ( WorldCat
catalog) Works by Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
at Open Library
Open Library

Poetry collections

1948 25 Poems 1949 Epitaph for the Young: Xll Cantos 1951 Poems 1962 In a Green Night: Poems 1948—60 1964 Selected Poems 1965 The Castaway and Other Poems 1969 The Gulf and Other Poems 1973 Another Life 1976 Sea Grapes 1979 The Star-Apple Kingdom 1981 Selected Poetry 1981 The Fortunate Traveller 1983 The Caribbean Poetry of Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
and the Art of Romare Bearden 1984 Midsummer 1986 Collected Poems, 1948–1984, featuring "Love After Love" 1987 Central America 1987 The Arkansas Testament 1990 Omeros 1997 The Bounty 2000 Tiepolo's Hound, includes Walcott's watercolors 2004 The Prodigal 2007 Selected Poems (edited, selected, and with an introduction by Edward Baugh) 2010 White Egrets 2014 The Poetry of Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott


(1950) Henri Christophe: A Chronicle in Seven Scenes (1951) Harry Dernier: A Play for Radio Production (1953) Wine of the Country (1954) The Sea at Dauphin: A Play in One Act (1957) Ione (1958) Drums and Colours: An Epic Drama (1958) Ti-Jean and His Brothers (1966) Malcochon: or, Six in the Rain (1967) Dream on Monkey Mountain (1970) In a Fine Castle (1974) The Joker of Seville (1974) The Charlatan (1976) O Babylon! (1977) Remembrance (1978) Pantomime (1980) The Joker of Seville and O Babylon!: Two Plays (1982) The Isle Is Full of Noises (1984) The Haitian Earth (1986) Three Plays: The Last Carnival, Beef, No Chicken, and A Branch of the Blue Nile (1991) Steel (1993) Odyssey: A Stage Version (1997) The Capeman
The Capeman
(book and lyrics, both in collaboration with Paul Simon) (2002) Walker and The Ghost Dance (2011) Moon-Child (2014) O Starry Starry Night

Other books

(1990) The Poet
in the Theatre, Poetry Book Society (London) (1993) The Antilles: Fragments of Epic Memory Farrar, Straus (New York) (1996) Conversations with Derek Walcott, University of Mississippi (Jackson, MS) (1996) (With Joseph Brodsky
Joseph Brodsky
and Seamus Heaney) Homage to Robert Frost, Farrar, Straus (New York) (1998) What the Twilight Says (essays), Farrar, Straus (New York, NY) (2002) Walker and Ghost Dance, Farrar, Straus (New York, NY) (2004) Another Life: Fully Annotated, Lynne Rienner Publishers (Boulder, CO) (2016) Morning, Paramin Derek Walcott; illustrated by Peter Doig, Farrar, Straus (New York, NY)

See also[edit]

Black Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureates "Love After Love", a poem by Derek Walcott


^ " Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
– Biographical". Nobelprize.org. 1992. Retrieved 18 March 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g " Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
1930–2017". Chicago, IL: Poetry Foundation. Retrieved 18 March 2017.  ^ a b " Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
wins OCM Bocas Prize", Trinidad
Express Newspapers, 30 April 2011. ^ a b Charlotte Higgins, "TS Eliot prize goes to Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
for 'moving and technically flawless' work", The Guardian, 24 January 2011. ^ Mayer, Jane (9 February 2004). "The Islander". The New Yorker. Retrieved 20 March 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Edward Hirsch, "Derek Walcott, The Art of Poetry No. 37", The Paris Review, Issue 101, Winter 1986. ^ Grimes, William (17 March 2017). "Derek Walcott, Poet
and Nobel Laureate of the Caribbean, Dies at 87". New York Times. Retrieved 18 March 2017.  ^ "Harold Simmons". St Lucia: Folk Research Centre.  ^ "The Writer's Brush". CBS News. 16 December 2007.  ^ "The Writer's Brush; September 11 – October 27, 2007". Anita Shapolsky Gallery. New York City. Archived from the original on 1 February 2015.  ^ a b "Derek Walcott", Academy of American Poets. ^ a b c British Council. " Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
– British Council Literature". contemporarywriters.com. Archived from the original on 4 January 2011.  ^ a b c Als, Hilton (17 March 2017). " Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
- a mighty poet has fallen". The New Yorker. Retrieved 18 March 2017.  ^ Obie Award
Obie Award
Listing: Dream on Monkey Mountain, InfoPlease ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2011.  ^ "Editors' Choice: The Best Books of 1990". New York Times. 2 December 1990. Retrieved 18 March 2017.  ^ a b "Derek Walcott, 2004 – Lifetime Achievement", Winners – Anisfield-Wolf Book Award. ^ "Derek Walcott's Tiepolo’s Hound", essay, Academy of American Poets, 18 February 2005. ^ " Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
wins OCM Bocas Prize". Trinidad
Express. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012.  ^ "Nobel Laureate Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
is new Professor of Poetry". University of Essex. 11 December 2009. Archived from the original on 2 May 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2010.  ^ a b "List of awards to be given on Independence Day". St Lucia
St Lucia
News Online. 22 February 2016. Retrieved 22 February 2016.  ^ Sun, Angela A. (4 June 2007). " Poet
Accused of Harassment". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved 25 March 2017.  ^ Dziech, Billie Wright; Weiner, Linda (1990). The Lecherous Professor: Sexual Harassment on Campus (second ed.). Urbana. IL: University of Illinois Press. pp. 29–32. ISBN 0-252-06118-7.  ^ Griffiths, Sian; Grimston, Jack (10 May 2009). "Sex pest file gives Oxford poetry race a nasty edge". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved 5 April 2017.  ^ Woods, Richard (24 May 2009). "Call for Oxford poet to resign after sex row". London: The Sunday Times. Retrieved 25 May 2009.  ^ "Poetic justice as Padel steps down". Channel 4 News. 26 May 2009. Retrieved 26 May 2009.  ^ a b Khan, Urmee; Eden, Richard (24 May 2009). " Ruth Padel
Ruth Padel
under pressure to resign Oxford post over emails about rival poet Derek Walcott". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 May 2009.  ^ Press Association (25 May 2009). "Oxford professor of poetry Ruth Padel resigns". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 20 September 2010.  ^ Lovell, Rebecca (26 May 2009). "Hay festival diary: Ruth Padel
Ruth Padel
talks about the poetry professorship scandal". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 26 May 2009.  ^ Libby Purves, "A familiar reek of misogyny and mistrust", The Times, 18 May 2009. ^ Alibhai Brown, Yasmin (25 May 2009). "A Male Poet
Wouldn't Have Been Blamed for Rough Tactics". The Independent.  ^ Halford, Macy (7 January 2009). "The Book Bench: Oxford's Gender Trouble". The New Yorker. Retrieved 20 September 2010.  ^ Gardner, Suzanne (26 May 2009). " Ruth Padel
Ruth Padel
resigns, but the 'gender war' rages on". Quill and Quire. Retrieved 21 March 2017.  ^ Al Alvarez, Alan Brownjohn, Carmen Bugan, David Constantine, Elizabeth Cook, Robert Conquest, Jonty Driver, Seamus Heaney, Jenny Joseph, Grevel Lindop, Patrick McGuinness, Lucy Newlyn, Bernard O’Donoghue, Michael Schmidt, Jon Stallworthy, Michael Suarez, Don Thomas, Anthony Thwaite, "Oxford Professor of Poetry," The Times Literary Supplement, 3 June 2009, p. 6. ^ "Oxford Professor of Poetry", ENotes. ^ "Newsnight: From the web team". BBC. May 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2010.  ^ Robert McCrum (31 May 2009). "Who dares to follow in Ruth Padel's footsteps?". London: The Observer. Retrieved 18 September 2010.  ^ Suk, Jeannie (2001-05-17). Postcolonial Paradoxes in French Caribbean Writing: Césaire, Glissant, Condé. Clarendon Press. ISBN 9780191584404.  ^ Nidhi, Mahajan, (1 January 2015). "Cultural Tensions and Hybrid Identities in Derek Walcott's Poetry". Inquiries Journal. 7 (9).  ^ "Walcott: Caribbean literary colossus". Barbados Today. St Michael, Barbados. 25 February 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2017.  ^ Lefkowitz, Mary (7 October 1990). "Bringing Him Back Alive". NYTimes.com. Retrieved 18 March 2017.  ^ Morrison, James V. (1 January 1999). " Homer
Travels to the Caribbean: Teaching Walcott's "Omeros"". The Classical World. 93 (1): 83–99. doi:10.2307/4352373. JSTOR 4352373.  ^ Patrick Bixby, "Derek Walcott", essay: Spring 2000, Emory University. Retrieved 30 March 2012. ^ Robert D. Hamner, "Introduction", Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott (Three Continents, 1993), Lynne Rienner, 1997, p. 1. ^ "Derek Walcott". poets.org.  ^ Logan, William (8 April 2007). "The Poet
of Exile". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 March 2017.  ^ Kirsch, Adam. "Full Fathom Five", The New Yorker, 3 February 2014. ^ Kirsch, Adam (3 February 2014). "Full Fathom Five". The New Yorker. Retrieved 18 March 2017.  ^ Charles, Dee Lundy (19 May 2014). "It's Past Time For Walcott's Poetry Island". St Lucia
St Lucia
Star. Retrieved 11 April 2017.  ^ El Gammal-Ortiz, Sharif (13 August 2015). "Film: Review Of "Poetry Is An Island"". Repeating Islands. Retrieved 11 April 2017.  ^ a b c d The International Who's Who 2004. Psychology Press. 2003. p. 1760. ISBN 9781857432176. Retrieved 5 April 2017.  ^ Haynes, Leanne (2 August 2013). "Interview: Peter Walcott". ARC Magazine. Retrieved 5 April 2017.  ^ Wroe, Nicholas (2 September 2000). "The laureate of St Lucia". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 March 2017.  ^ " Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
has died". St. Lucia Times. 17 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.  ^ "World bids farewell to Derek Walcott", Jamaica Observer, 25 March 2017. ^ " Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
laid to rest", St. Lucia Times, 27 March 2017. ^ Luntta, Karl; Agate, Nick (2003). The Rough Guide to St Lucia. Rough Guides. p. 60. ISBN 978-1-8582-8916-8.  ^ Bishop, Stan, "Walcott House Opens – Nobel Laureate Says He’s Thankful", The Voice, 28 January 2016. ^ a b c d Chidi, Sylvia Lovina (2004). The Greatest Black Achievers in History. Lulu. pp. 34–37. ISBN 9781291909333. Retrieved 5 April 2017.  ^ "Nobel Laureate Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
is new Professor of Poetry". Colchester: University of Essex. 11 December 2009. Archived from the original on 2 May 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.  ^ "2015 – Derek Walcott". Oakville, Ontario: The Griffin Trust for Excellence in Poetry. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Baer, William, ed. Conversations with Derek Walcott. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1996. Baugh, Edward, Derek Walcott. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Breslin, Paul, Nobody's Nation: Reading Derek Walcott. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001. ISBN 0-226-07426-9 Brown, Stewart, ed., The Art of Derek Walcott. Chester Springs, PA.: Dufour, 1991; Bridgend: Seren Books, 1992. Burnett, Paula, Derek Walcott: Politics and Poetics. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001. Fumagalli, Maria Cristina, The Flight of the Vernacular: Seamus Heaney, Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
and the Impress of Dante. Amsterdam-New York: Rodopi, 2001. Fumagalli, Maria Cristina, Agenda 39:1–3 (2002–03), Special
Issue on Derek Walcott. Includes Derek Walcott's "Epitaph for the Young" (1949), republished here in its entirety. Hamner, Robert D., Derek Walcott. Updated Edition. Twayne's World Authors Series. TWAS 600. New York: Twayne, 1993. King, Bruce, Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
and West Indian Drama: "Not Only a Playwright
But a Company": The Trinidad
Theatre Workshop 1959–1993. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995. King, Bruce, Derek Walcott, A Caribbean Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Müller, Timo, "Forms of Exile: Experimental Self-Positioning in Postcolonial Caribbean Poetry." Atlantic Studies 13.4 (2016): 457-71. Sarkar, Nirjhar, "Existence as self-making in Derek Walcott's The Sea at Dauphin". Anthurium
(ISSN 1547-7150) 14.2 (2018): 1-15 [1] Terada, Rei, Derek Walcott’s Poetry: American Mimicry. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1992. Thieme, John, Derek Walcott. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Derek Walcott

British Council writers' profile, works listing, critical review Profile, poems written and audio at Poetry Archive Profile and poems at Poetry Foundation Profile, poems audio and written, Poetry of American Poets Profile and analysis, Emory University Profile, interviews, articles, archive. Prague Writers' Festival Edward Hirsch, "Derek Walcott, The Art of Poetry No. 37", The Paris Review, Winter 1986 Lannan Foundation Reading and Conversation With Glyn Maxwell. November 2002 (audio). Famouspeople.com, personal life Biography available in Saint Lucians and the Order of CARICOM Appearances on C-SPAN Appearance on Desert Island Discs, BBC Radio 4, 9 June 1991

v t e

Plays by Derek Walcott

Henri Christophe
Henri Christophe
(1950) Harry Dernier (1951) Wine of the Country
Wine of the Country
(1953) The Sea at Dauphin
The Sea at Dauphin
(1954) Ione (1957) Drums and Colours (1958) Ti-Jean and His Brothers
Ti-Jean and His Brothers
(1958) Malcochon: or, Six in the Rain (1966) Dream on Monkey Mountain (1967) In a Fine Castle
In a Fine Castle
(1970) The Joker of Seville (1974) The Charlatan (1974) O Babylon!
O Babylon!
(1976) Remembrance (1977) Pantomime (1978) The Isle Is Full of Noises
The Isle Is Full of Noises
(1982) The Last Carnival (1986) Beef, No Chicken (1986) A Branch of the Blue Nile (1986) Steel (1991) Odyssey: A Stage Version (1993) The Capeman
The Capeman
(1997) Walker and The Ghost Dance
Walker and The Ghost Dance

v t e

Laureates of the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature


1901 Sully Prudhomme 1902 Theodor Mommsen 1903 Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson 1904 Frédéric Mistral
Frédéric Mistral
/ José Echegaray 1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz 1906 Giosuè Carducci 1907 Rudyard Kipling 1908 Rudolf Eucken 1909 Selma Lagerlöf 1910 Paul Heyse 1911 Maurice Maeterlinck 1912 Gerhart Hauptmann 1913 Rabindranath Tagore 1914 1915 Romain Rolland 1916 Verner von Heidenstam 1917 Karl Gjellerup / Henrik Pontoppidan 1918 1919 Carl Spitteler 1920 Knut Hamsun 1921 Anatole France 1922 Jacinto Benavente 1923 W. B. Yeats 1924 Władysław Reymont 1925 George Bernard Shaw


1926 Grazia Deledda 1927 Henri Bergson 1928 Sigrid Undset 1929 Thomas Mann 1930 Sinclair Lewis 1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt 1932 John Galsworthy 1933 Ivan Bunin 1934 Luigi Pirandello 1935 1936 Eugene O'Neill 1937 Roger Martin du Gard 1938 Pearl S. Buck 1939 Frans Eemil Sillanpää 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 Johannes V. Jensen 1945 Gabriela Mistral 1946 Hermann Hesse 1947 André Gide 1948 T. S. Eliot 1949 William Faulkner 1950 Bertrand Russell


1951 Pär Lagerkvist 1952 François Mauriac 1953 Winston Churchill 1954 Ernest Hemingway 1955 Halldór Laxness 1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez 1957 Albert Camus 1958 Boris Pasternak 1959 Salvatore Quasimodo 1960 Saint-John Perse 1961 Ivo Andrić 1962 John Steinbeck 1963 Giorgos Seferis 1964 Jean-Paul Sartre
Jean-Paul Sartre
(declined award) 1965 Mikhail Sholokhov 1966 Shmuel Yosef Agnon
Shmuel Yosef Agnon
/ Nelly Sachs 1967 Miguel Ángel Asturias 1968 Yasunari Kawabata 1969 Samuel Beckett 1970 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1971 Pablo Neruda 1972 Heinrich Böll 1973 Patrick White 1974 Eyvind Johnson
Eyvind Johnson
/ Harry Martinson 1975 Eugenio Montale


1976 Saul Bellow 1977 Vicente Aleixandre 1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer 1979 Odysseas Elytis 1980 Czesław Miłosz 1981 Elias Canetti 1982 Gabriel García Márquez 1983 William Golding 1984 Jaroslav Seifert 1985 Claude Simon 1986 Wole Soyinka 1987 Joseph Brodsky 1988 Naguib Mahfouz 1989 Camilo José Cela 1990 Octavio Paz 1991 Nadine Gordimer 1992 Derek Walcott 1993 Toni Morrison 1994 Kenzaburō Ōe 1995 Seamus Heaney 1996 Wisława Szymborska 1997 Dario Fo 1998 José Saramago 1999 Günter Grass 2000 Gao Xingjian


2001 V. S. Naipaul 2002 Imre Kertész 2003 J. M. Coetzee 2004 Elfriede Jelinek 2005 Harold Pinter 2006 Orhan Pamuk 2007 Doris Lessing 2008 J. M. G. Le Clézio 2009 Herta Müller 2010 Mario Vargas Llosa 2011 Tomas Tranströmer 2012 Mo Yan 2013 Alice Munro 2014 Patrick Modiano 2015 Svetlana Alexievich 2016 Bob Dylan 2017 Kazuo Ishiguro

v t e

1992 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize


Rudolph A. Marcus
Rudolph A. Marcus
(United States/Canada)


Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
(Saint Lucia)


Rigoberta Menchú
Rigoberta Menchú


Georges Charpak
Georges Charpak

Physiology or Medicine

Edmond H. Fischer
Edmond H. Fischer
(Switzerland/United States) Edwin G. Krebs
Edwin G. Krebs
(United States)

Economic Sciences

Gary Becker
Gary Becker
(United States)

Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
recipients 1990 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 2000 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Authority control

Identities VIAF: 39391959 LCCN: n79149058 ISNI: 0000 0001 1470 9596 GND: 118805940 SELIBR: 228996 SUDOC: 028460871 BNF: cb12029218n (data) BIBSYS: 90105449 MusicBrainz: e4374439-0b4c-467f-8821-40fbe0a2a62e NDL: 00476737 NKC: kup19950000109491 BNE: XX830292 CiNii: DA00855