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DERBYSHIRE (/ˈdɑːrbᵻʃər/ ( listen ) or /ˈdɑːrbɪʃɪər/ ; abbreviated DERBYS. or DERBS.) is a county in the East Midlands
East Midlands
of England. A substantial portion of the Peak District National Park lies within Derbyshire, containing the southern extremity of the Pennine range of hills which extend into the north of the county. The county contains part of the National Forest , and borders on Greater Manchester
Manchester
to the northwest, West Yorkshire
West Yorkshire
to the north, South Yorkshire to the northeast, Nottinghamshire to the east, Leicestershire
Leicestershire
to the southeast, Staffordshire
Staffordshire
to the west and southwest and Cheshire
Cheshire
also to the west. Kinder Scout , at 636 metres (2,087 ft), is the highest point in the county, whilst Trent Meadows, where the River Trent
River Trent
leaves Derbyshire, is its lowest point at 27 metres (89 ft). :1 The River Derwent is the county's longest river at 66 miles (106 km), and runs roughly north to south through the county. In 2003 the Ordnance Survey placed Church Flatts Farm at Coton in the Elms (near Swadlincote ) as the furthest point from the sea in Great Britain.

The city of Derby
Derby
is a unitary authority area , but remains part of the ceremonial county of Derbyshire. The non-metropolitan county contains 30 towns with between 10,000 and 100,000 inhabitants. There is a large amount of sparsely populated agricultural upland: 75% of the population live in 25% of the area.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Landscape character * 2.2 Geology

* 3 Ecology

* 3.1 Botany * 3.2 Zoology

* 4 Economy * 5 Governance * 6 Education

* 7 Settlements

* 7.1 Historic areas

* 8 Sport * 9 Local attractions * 10 County emblems * 11 Demographics * 12 In literature and popular culture * 13 See also * 14 References * 15 Further reading * 16 External links

HISTORY

See also: History of Derbyshire

The area that is now Derbyshire
Derbyshire
was first visited, probably briefly, by humans 200,000 years ago during the Aveley interglacial as evidenced by a Middle Paleolithic Acheulean hand axe found near Hopton .

Further occupation came with the Upper Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age when Mesolithic hunter gatherers roamed the hilly tundra. Evidence of these nomadic tribes has been found in limestone caves located on the Nottinghamshire border. Deposits left in the caves date the occupancy at around 12,000 to 7,000 BCE . The henge monument at Arbor Low

Burial mounds of Neolithic
Neolithic
settlers are also situated throughout the county. These chambered tombs were designed for collective burial and are mostly located in the central Derbyshire
Derbyshire
region. There are tombs at Minninglow and Five Wells that date back to between 2000 and 2500 BCE. Three miles west of Youlgreave lies the Neolithic
Neolithic
henge monument of Arbor Low , which has been dated to 2500 BCE.

It is not until the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
that real signs of agriculture and settlement are found in the county. In the moors of the Peak District signs of clearance, arable fields and hut circles were discovered after archaeological investigation. However this area and another settlement at Swarkestone are all that have been found.

During the Roman invasion the invaders were attracted to Derbyshire because of the lead ore in the limestone hills of the area. They settled throughout the county with forts built near Brough in the Hope Valley and near Glossop
Glossop
. Later they settled around Buxton , famed for its warm springs, and set up a fort near modern-day Derby
Derby
in an area now known as Little Chester .

Several kings of Mercia
Mercia
are buried in the Repton area.

Following the Norman Conquest , much of the county was subject to the forest laws. To the northwest was the Forest of High Peak under the custodianship of William Peverel and his descendants. The rest of the county was bestowed upon Henry de Ferrers
Henry de Ferrers
, a part of it becoming Duffield Frith . In time the whole area was given to the Duchy of Lancaster . Meanwhile, the Forest of East Derbyshire covered the whole county to the east of the River Derwent from the reign of Henry II to that of Edward I .

GEOGRAPHY

Most of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
consists of rolling hills and uplands, with the southern Pennines extending from the north of Derby
Derby
throughout the Peak District and into the north of the county, reaching a high point at Kinder Scout . The south and east of the county are generally lower around the valley of the River Trent
River Trent
, the Coal Measures, and the areas of clay and sandstones between the Peak District and the south west of the county. The main rivers in the county are the River Derwent and the River Dove which both join the River Trent
River Trent
in the south. The River Derwent rises in the moorland of Bleaklow and flows throughout the Peak District and county for the majority of its course, while the River Dove rises in Axe Edge Moor and forms a boundary between Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and Staffordshire
Staffordshire
for most of its length.

LANDSCAPE CHARACTER

Flooding in South Wingfield Derbyshire
Derbyshire
in 2012

The varied landscapes within Derbyshire's have been formed mainly as a consequence of the underlying geology, but also by the way the land has been managed and shaped by human activity. The county contains 11 discrete landscape types, known as National Character Areas , which have been described in detail by Natural England
England
and further refined, mapped and described by Derbyshire County Council and the Peak District National Park.

The 11 National Character Areas found within Derbyshire
Derbyshire
are:

* Dark Peak * White Peak * South West Peak * Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Peak Fringe & Lower Derwent * Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
& Yorkshire Coalfield * Southern Magnesian Limestone * Needwood & South Derbyshire Claylands * Trent Valley Washlands * Melbourne Parklands * Leicestershire
Leicestershire
"> A cross-section of northern Derbyshire, from west to east, showing the approximate structure of an eroded dome, with younger Coal Measure rocks to the east, and older limestone exposed in the centre

Younger still are the sandstones, shales and coal deposits found on the eastern flank of Derbyshire, forming the Coal Measures, which are of Westphalian age. All these rock layers disappear south of a line drawn between Ashbourne and Derby
Derby
under layers of clays and sandstones ( Mercia
Mercia
Mudstone Group and Sherwood Sandstones ) of Permo-Triassic age. Small amounts of carboniferous limestones, gritstones and coal measures reappear in the far south of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
from Ticknall (limestone) to Swadlincote (coal measures). Some areas of the White Peak exhibit contemporaneous basalt flows (e.g. Ravens Tor at Millers Dale), as well as subsequent dolerite sill intrusion at a much later stage (e.g.near Tideswell Dale), whilst mineralisation of the carboniferous limestone in a subsequent period created extensive lead and fluorite deposits which have formed a significant part of Derbyshire's economy, as did coal mining. Lead mining has been important here since Roman Times. The much more recent river gravels of the Trent valley remain a significant extractive industry today in south Derbyshire, as does the mining of limestone rock in central and northern parts of the county. Coarse sandstones were once extensively quarried both for local building materials and for the production of gritstone grinding wheels for use in mills, and both former industries have left their mark on the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
landscape.

ECOLOGY

Because of its central location in England, and its altitude range from 27 metres in the south to 636 metres in the north :1, Derbyshire contains many species at the edge of their UK distribution ranges. Some species with a predominantly northern British distribution are at the southern limit of their range, whilst others with a more southern distribution are at their northern limit in Derbyshire. As climate change progresses, a number of sensitive species are now being seen to be either expanding or contracting their range as a result :314. For the purposes of protecting and recording the county's most important habitats, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
has been split into two regions, each with its own Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP), based around National Character Areas. The Peak District BAP includes all of Derbyshire's uplands of the Dark Peak, South-West Peak and White Peak, including area of limestone beyond the national park boundary. The remaining areas are monitored and recorded in the Lowland Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Biodiversity Action Plan, which subdivides the landscape into eight smaller Action Areas.

The Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Biological Records Centre was formerly based at Derby Museum these are the Peak District LNP and the Lowland Derbyshire
Derbyshire
"> Map of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
boundaries with Peak District also shown. Black = modern Geographic boundary, Red = Vice-county boundary (VC57) where this differs from modern; Dotted Blue = Peak District boundary

The Dark Peak is characterised by heathlands, bogs, gritstone edges and acid grasslands containing relatively few species, with plants such as heather (_ Calluna vulgaris_), crowberry (_Empetrum nigrum_), bilberry (_Vaccinium myrtillus_) and hare\'s-tail cotton grass (_Eriophorum vaginatum_) being dominant on the high moors. :6 The dales of the White Peak are known for habitats such as calcareous grassland , ash woodlands and rock outcrops in all of which a much greater richness of lime-loving species occurs than elsewhere in the county. :4 These include various orchids (such as early purple orchid (_Orchis mascula_), dark-red helleborine (_Epipactis atrorubens_) and fly orchid (_Ophrys insectifera_)), common rockrose (_Helianthemum nummularium_), spring cinquefoil (_Helianthemum nummularium_) and grass of parnassus (_ Parnassia palustris_). Specialised communities of plants occur on former lead workings, where typical metallophyte species include spring sandwort (_ Minuartia verna_), alpine penny-cress (_Thlaspi caerulescens_) (both known locally in Derbyshire as Leadwort), as well as mountain pansy (_Viola lutea_) and moonwort (_Botrychium lunaria_). :6

As at 2015, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
contains 304 vascular plant species now designate as either of international, national or local conservation concern because of their rarity or recent declines, and are collectively listed as Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Red Data plants. :418 Work on recording and publishing a bryophyte flora for Derbyshire
Derbyshire
is still ongoing; as at 2012 a total of 518 bryophyte species had been recorded for the county.

Botanical recording in the UK predominantly uses the unchanging vice-county boundary system, which results in a slightly different map of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
from the modern geographic county. :20

ZOOLOGY

A number of specialist organisations protect, promote and monitor records of individual animal groups across Derbyshire. The main ones are Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Ornithological Society; Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Mammal Group; Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Bat Group, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Amphibian and Reptile Group, and the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
"> The rugged moorland edge of the southern Pennines at Kinder Downfall

Derbyshire
Derbyshire
has a mixture of a rural economy in the west, with a former coal mining economy in the northeast ( Bolsover district), the Erewash Valley around Ilkeston and in the south around Swadlincote. The rural landscape varies from arable farmland in the flat lands to the south of Derby, to upland pasture and moorland in the high gritstone uplands of the southern Pennines.

Derbyshire
Derbyshire
is rich in natural mineral resources such as lead, iron, coal , and limestone, which have been exploited over a long period—lead, for example, has been mined since Roman times. The limestone outcrops in the central area led to the establishment of large quarries to supply the industries of the surrounding towns with lime for building and steelmaking , and latterly in the 20th century cement manufacture. The industrial revolution also increased demand for building stone , and in the late 19th and early 20th century the railways' arrival led to a large number of stone quarries being established. This industry has left its mark on the countryside but is still a major industry: a lot of the stone is supplied as crushed stone for road building and concrete manufacture, and is moved by rail. The ruins of the Magpie Mine near Sheldon

Derbyshire's relative remoteness in the late 18th century and an abundance of fast-flowing streams led to a proliferation of the use of hydropower at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution , following the mills pioneered by Richard Arkwright
Richard Arkwright
. Derbyshire
Derbyshire
has been said to be the home of the Industrial Revolution, and part of the Derwent Valley has been given World Heritage status in acknowledgement of this historic importance.

Nationally famous companies in Derbyshire
Derbyshire
include Rolls Royce , one of the world's leading aerospace companies, based since before World War I in Derby, Thorntons just south of Alfreton and Toyota , who have one of the UK's largest car manufacturing plants at Burnaston . Ashbourne Water used to be bottled in Buxton by Nestlé Waters UK until 2006 and Buxton Water still is.

GOVERNANCE

County Hall, Matlock Derbyshire
Derbyshire
parliamentary constituencies 2015 election result See also: Derbyshire
Derbyshire
County Council elections

The county is divided into eleven constituencies for the election of members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons . As of June 2017, five constituencies are represented by Labour MPs, whilst the remaining six are represented by Conservative MPs. Derbyshire residents are part of the electorate for the East Midlands constituency for elections to the European Parliament .

Derbyshire
Derbyshire
has a three-tier local government since the local government reorganisation in 1974. It has a county council based in Matlock and eight district councils and since 1997, a unitary authority area of the City of Derby. Derby
Derby
remains part of Derbyshire only for ceremonial purposes.

Derbyshire
Derbyshire
has become fractionally smaller during government reorganisation over the years. The Sheffield
Sheffield
suburbs Woodseats, Beauchief, Handsworth, Woodhouse, Norton, Mosborough , Totley and Dore were previously parts of the county, but were lost to Sheffield between 1900 and 1933, and Mosborough transferred in 1967. Marple Bridge was transferred to the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport in Greater Manchester. However, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
gained part of the Longdendale valley and Tintwistle from Cheshire
Cheshire
in 1974. The current area of the geographic/ceremonial county of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
is only 4.7 square kilometres less than it was over 100 years ago. :1 :20

At the third tier are the parish councils , which do not cover all areas. The eight district councils in Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and the unitary authority of Derby
Derby
are shown in the map above.

These district councils are responsible for local planning and building control , local roads, council housing , environmental health , markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. Education , social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, Trading Standards , waste disposal and strategic planning are the responsibility of the County Council. One of many Victorian village schools in Derbyshire
Derbyshire

Although Derbyshire
Derbyshire
is in the East Midlands
East Midlands
, some parts, such as High Peak (which incorporated former areas of Cheshire
Cheshire
after boundary changes in 1974), are closer to the northern cities of Manchester
Manchester
and Sheffield
Sheffield
and these parts do receive services which are more affiliated with northern England; for example, the North West Ambulance Service , Granada Television and United Utilities serve the High Peak and some NHS Trusts within this region are governed by the Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Health Authority. Outside the main city of Derby, the largest town in the county is Chesterfield
Chesterfield
.

EDUCATION

Main article: List of schools in Derbyshire

The Derbyshire
Derbyshire
school system is comprehensive with no selective schools. The independent sector includes Repton School , Ockbrook School , Trent College and The Elms School .

SETTLEMENTS

Main articles: List of places in Derbyshire and List of settlements in Derbyshire
Derbyshire
by population DERBY Chesterfield
Chesterfield
Swadlincote Glossop
Glossop
Ilkeston Belper Dronfield Buxton Bolsover Long Eaton Matlock The major settlements of Derbyshire.

There are several towns in the county with Derby
Derby
being the largest and most populous. At the time of the 2011 census, a population of 770,600 lived in the county with 248,752 (32%) living in Derby. The table below shows all towns with over 10,000 inhabitants.

RANK TOWN POPULATION BOROUGH/DISTRICT NOTES

1 Derby
Derby
248,752 (2011) City of Derby
Derby

2 Chesterfield
Chesterfield
103,788 (2011) Chesterfield
Chesterfield

3 Long Eaton 45,000 Erewash

4 Ilkeston 37,550 (2001) Erewash

5 Swadlincote 36,000 (2004) South Derbyshire

6 Belper 21,823 (2011) Amber Valley Figure is for Belper civil parish, which includes Milford and Blackbrook

7 Dronfield 21,261 (2011) North East Derbyshire Figure is for Dronfield civil parish, which includes Dronfield Woodhouse and Coal Aston

8 Buxton 20,836 (2001) High Peak

9 Ripley 20,807 (2011) Amber Valley Figure is for Ripley civil parish, which includes Heage , Ambergate and Waingroves

10 Staveley 18,247 (2011) Chesterfield
Chesterfield
Figure is for Staveley civil parish, which includes Mastin Moor , Duckmanton , Inkersall Green and Hollingwood

11 Glossop
Glossop
17,576 (2011) High Peak Figure is for the electoral wards of Howard Town, Old Glossop, Dinting, Simmondley and Whitfield.

12 Heanor 17,251 (2011) Amber Valley Figure is for Heanor and Loscoe civil parish, which includes Loscoe but excludes Heanor Gate

13 Bolsover 11,673 (2011) Bolsover Figure is for Old Bolsover civil parish, which includes Shuttlewood , Stanfree and Whaley , but excludes part of Hillstown.

14 Eckington 11,152 (2001) North East Derbyshire Figure is for Eckington civil parish, which includes Renishaw , Spinkhill , Marsh Lane and Ridgeway .

HISTORIC AREAS

Some settlements which were historically part of the county now fall under the counties of Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
, Leicestershire, South Yorkshire , and Staffordshire
Staffordshire
:

CHESHIRE/GREATER MANCHESTER Marple Bridge (historically part of Marple )

LEICESTERSHIRE Measham

SOUTH YORKSHIRE Mosborough , Totley , Dore
Dore

STAFFORDSHIRE Burton-upon-Trent (_part_)

SPORT

The county has two football teams currently playing in the Football League :

* Derby
Derby
County F.C. * Chesterfield
Chesterfield
F.C. .

There are also many non-league teams playing throughout the county, most notably Alfreton Town F.C. who play in the National League North . The county is also now home to the world's oldest football club, Sheffield
Sheffield
F.C. who have their home ground at Dronfield in North East Derbyshire. Glossop
Glossop
was the smallest town in the country to have a football team in the top tier of English football, Glossop
Glossop
North End A.F.C. . County Cricket
Cricket
Ground, in Derby
Derby

Derbyshire
Derbyshire
also has a cricket team based at the County Cricket
Cricket
Ground . Derbyshire
Derbyshire
County Cricket
Cricket
Club currently play in Division Two of the County Championship . There are also rugby league clubs based in the north of the county, the North Derbyshire Chargers and in Derby
Derby
(Derby City RLFC). The county has numerous rugby union clubs, including Derby, Matlock, Ilkeston, Ashbourne, Bakewell and Amber Valley.

The county is a popular area for a variety of recreational sports such as rock climbing , hill walking , hang gliding , caving , sailing on its many reservoirs, and cycling along the many miles of disused rail tracks that have been turned into cycle trails, such as the Monsal Trail and High Peak Trail .

Derbyshire
Derbyshire
is also host to one of the only community Muggle quidditch teams in the country, known as Derby
Derby
Union Quidditch Club. The Club recruits players from the age of 16 upwards from all over Derby, and have representatives from most local sixth forms and the University of Derby. The team has competed against both the Leeds Griffins and the Leicester
Leicester
Lovegoods in the past and is part of the vibrant UK quidditch scene. It is also an official International Quidditch Association team.

LOCAL ATTRACTIONS

The scenic Derbyshire
Derbyshire
that attracts tourists

The county of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
has many attractions for both tourists and local people. The county offers Peak District scenery such as Mam Tor and Kinder Scout , and more metropolitan attractions such as Bakewell , Buxton and Derby
Derby
. Local places of interest include Bolsover Castle , Castleton , Chatsworth House , National Tramway Museum at Crich, Peak Rail steam railway, Midland Railway
Midland Railway
steam railway, Dovedale , Haddon Hall
Haddon Hall
, the Heights of Abraham and Matlock Bath .

In the north of the county, three large reservoirs, Howden , Derwent and Ladybower , were built during the early part of the 20th century to supply the rapidly growing populations of Sheffield
Sheffield
, Derby
Derby
and Leicester
Leicester
with drinking water. The moorland catchment area around these is part of the Peak District National Park and is extensively used for leisure pursuits such as walking and cycling.

There are many properties and lands in the care of the National Trust that are open to the public, such as Calke Abbey , Hardwick Hall , High Peak Estate , Ilam Park , Kedleston Hall , Longshaw Estate near Hathersage , and Sudbury Hall on the Staffordshire
Staffordshire
border.

Notable gardens in Derbyshire
Derbyshire
include the formal gardens in the 17th–18th-century French style at Melbourne Hall south of Derby, the listed garden at Renishaw Hall near Eckington , Lea Rhododendron Gardens near Matlock , the Royal Horticultural Society recommended Bluebell Arboretum near Swadlincote , and the extensive gardens at Chatsworth House.

COUNTY EMBLEMS

Flag of Derbyshire

As part of a 2002 marketing campaign , the plant conservation charity Plantlife chose the Jacob\'s Ladder as the county flower .

In September 2006, an unofficial county flag was introduced, largely on the initiative of BBC
BBC
Radio Derby
Derby
. The flag consists of a white-bordered dark green cross encompassing a golden Tudor rose (an historical symbol of the county) all set in a blue field. The blue field represents the many waters of the county, its rivers and reservoirs, while the cross is green to mark the great areas of countryside.

In 2015, BBC
BBC
Radio Derby
Derby
commissioned a Derbyshire
Derbyshire
anthem, entitled \'Our Derbyshire\', including lyrics suggested by its listeners. It received its first performance on 17 September 2015 at Derby
Derby
Cathedral .

DEMOGRAPHICS

DERBYSHIRE COMPARED

UK CENSUS 2011 DERBY DERBYSHIRE EAST MIDLANDS ENGLAND

Total population 248,752 769,686 4,533,222 53,012,456

Foreign born (outside Europe) 9.3% _1.4%_ 6.4% 9.3%

White 80.2% 97.5% 89.3% 85.5%

Asian 12.6% 1.1% 6.4% 7.7%

Black 3.0% 0.4% 1.7% 3.4%

Christian 52.7% 63.6% 58.8% 59.4%

Muslim 7.6% 0.3% 3.1% 5.0%

Hindu 0.9% 0.2% 2.0% 1.5%

No religion 27.6% 28.0% 27.5% 24.7%

Over 65 15.1% 18.6% 17.1% 16.3%

Unemployed 5.2% 3.9% 4.2% 4.4%

In 1801 the population was 147,481 According to the UK Census 2001 there were 956,301 people spread out over the county's 254,615 hectares. This was estimated to have risen to 990,400 in 2006.

The county's population grew by 3.0% from 1991 to 2001 which is around 21,100 people. This figure is higher than the national average of 2.65% but lower than the East Midlands
East Midlands
average of 4.0%. The county as a whole has an average population density of 2.9 people per hectare making it less densely populated than England
England
as a whole. The density varies considerably throughout the county with the lowest being in the region of Derbyshire Dales at 0.88, and highest outside of the main cities in the region of Erewash which has 10.04 people per hectare.

POPULATION SINCE 1801

YEAR 1801 1851 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011

Derbyshire non-metropolitan county 132,786 223,414 465,896 542,697 565,826 590,470 613,301 637,645 651,284 666,013 687,404 717,935 734,585 769,686

Derby unitary authority 14,695 48,506 118,469 132,188 142,824 154,316 167,321 181,423 199,578 219,558 214,424 225,296 221,716 248,752

Total as a ceremonial county 147,481 271,920 584,365 674,885 708,650 744,786 780,622 819,068 850,862 885,571 901,828 943,231 956,301 1,018438

IN LITERATURE AND POPULAR CULTURE

In Jane Austen 's novel _ Pride and Prejudice
Pride and Prejudice
_, Pemberley —the country home of Fitzwilliam Darcy —is situated in Derbyshire. In that novel, Chatsworth House in Derbyshire
Derbyshire
is named as one of the estates Elizabeth Bennet visits before arriving at Pemberley. In the 2005 film adaptation of the novel, Chatsworth House itself represents Pemberley. In one scene characters discuss visits to Matlock and Dovedale .

Sir Walter Scott's 1823 novel _ Peveril of the Peak _ is partly set in Derbyshire.

The events of the play _Arcadia _, by Tom Stoppard , take place in the fictional country house of Sidley Park in Derbyshire.

Alfreton is mentioned in the novel _ Sons and Lovers _ by D. H. Lawrence , when a character gets a train to Alfreton and walks to Crich
Crich
to see a lover.

George Eliot
George Eliot
's novel _ Adam Bede _ is set in a fictional town based on Wirksworth .

Georgette Heyer
Georgette Heyer
's detective/romance novel _ The Toll-Gate _ is set in 1817 around a fictional toll-gate in Derbyshire.

The 1969 film _Women in Love _ by Ken Russell had various scenes filmed in and around Elvaston Castle , most notably the Greco-Roman wrestling scene, which was filmed in the castle's Great Hall.

The 1986 film _Lady Jane _ by Trevor Nunn , starring Helena Bonham Carter and Cary Elwes , has scenes filmed at Haddon Hall
Haddon Hall
.

The 1987 film _The Princess Bride _ by Rob Reiner , starring Robin Wright and Cary Elwes, was partly filmed in Derbyshire. It included scenes at Haddon Hall
Haddon Hall
and in the White Peak and Dark Peak .

The 1988 film _The Lair of the White Worm _ by Ken Russell, starring Hugh Grant , was filmed in Derbyshire. The opening title sequence is of Thor\'s Cave in the Manifold valley.

The 1993–2002 TV series _ Peak Practice _ was set in Crich
Crich
and Fritchley , except for the twelfth and final series, and originally starred Kevin Whately and Amanda Burton . In 2003 an unrelated and less successful medical TV drama, _ Sweet Medicine _, was mostly filmed in the historic market town of Wirksworth.

Other Derbyshire
Derbyshire
locations in which British TV scenes have been filmed include:

* Alderwasley : _ Stig of the Dump _ * Ashbourne and Vernon Street in Derby
Derby
: _Nanny _ * Chesterfield
Chesterfield
: The twisted spire of Church of St Mary and All Saints, Chesterfield
Chesterfield
, was made famous by its use in the opening credits of the 1966–1971 ecclesiastical BBC
BBC
TV sitcom _All Gas and Gaiters _, featuring Derek Nimmo . * Hadfield : _ The League of Gentlemen _ * Repton and especially Repton School : _ Goodbye, Mr. Chips _ (in both 1939 and 1983 versions) * Shirebrook : _ The Full Monty _ * Wingfield Manor : 1980s BBC
BBC
TV series of _The Chronicles of Narnia _

SEE ALSO

* List of Lord Lieutenants of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
* List of High Sheriffs for Derbyshire
Derbyshire
* Custos Rotulorum of Derbyshire – Keepers of the Rolls * Derbyshire
Derbyshire
constituency list of MPs * Derbyshire lead mining history * Derbyshire Constabulary * Derbyshire Police and Crime Commissioner * List of football clubs in Derbyshire

REFERENCES

* ^ "The High Sheriff of Derbyshire 2017/2018". High Sheriff of Derbyshire. Retrieved 6 June 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ _J_ _K_ _L_ _M_ _N_ _O_ _P_ Willmot, Alan; Moyes, Nick (2015). _The Flora of Derbyshire_. Pisces Publication. ISBN 978-1-874357-65-0 . * ^ Haran, Brady . "Experiencing the Highs and Lows". BBC
BBC
. Retrieved 28 September 2015. * ^ _1:50 000 Scale Colour Raster_ (Map). Ordnance Survey . 2000. * ^ BBC
BBC
report centre of England * ^ Ordnance Survey – MapZone * ^ "_A Palaeolith from Hopton,_ Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Archaeological Journal 79". Cockerton, R. W. P. 1954: 153–155. * ^ Smith, p. 6 * ^ _A_ _B_ Pevsner, p. 22 * ^ Smith, p. 7 * ^ _A_ _B_ Smith, p. 8 * ^ " Repton in Derbyshire". _ Derbyshire
Derbyshire
UK_. Retrieved 7 January 2008. * ^ Barret, Dave. " Derbyshire
Derbyshire
County Council, East Midlands Archaeological Research Framework: Resource Assessment of Medieval Derbyshire" (PDF). Retrieved 7 January 2008. * ^ "About High Peak". _visitderbyshire.co.uk_. * ^ "National Character Area profiles: data for local decision making". Natural England. Retrieved 17 August 2015. * ^ "Landscape Character". Derbyshire
Derbyshire
County Council. 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2015. * ^ "Landscape Strategy" Peak District National Park, retrieved 20 August 2015 * ^ "Cave boasts UK\'s biggest chamber". _ BBC
BBC
News_. 8 November 2006. Retrieved 18 August 2015. * ^ "A Building Stone Atlas of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
& The Peak National Park", _English Heritage_, September 2011, retrieved 17 August 2015 * ^ "Rocks and Fossils", _Peakland Heritage website_, retrieved 20 August 2015 * ^ "The Peak District is a very interesting area geologically". _ Peak District Information_. Cressbrook Multimedia. 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2015. * ^ " Derby
Derby
and Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Minerals Local Plan", _ Derbyshire
Derbyshire
County Council and Derby
Derby
City Council_, Adopted April 2000 (revised 2002, currently under review in 2015), retrieved 17 August 2015 * ^ " Peak District Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) 2011–2020", _ Peak District National Pak website_, retrieved 18 August 2015 * ^ "Lowland Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Biodiversity Action Plan 2011–2020", _Lowland Derbyshire
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FURTHER READING

* Smith, Roly (1999). _Towns & Villages of Britain: Derbyshire_. Cheshire: Sigma Press. ISBN 1-85058-622-5 . * Pevsner, Nikolaus (1953). _The Buildings of England: Derbyshire_. Middlesex: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071008-6 . * Pevsner & Williamson, Elizabeth (1978). _The Buildings of England: Derbyshire_. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071008-6 . * Willmot, Alan; Moyes, Nick (2015). _The Flora of Derbyshire_. Pisces Publication. ISBN 978-1-874357-65-0 . * Frost, Roy; Shaw, Steve (2014). _The Birds of Derbyshire_. Liverpool University Press. ISBN 9781846319563 . * Alston, Debbie; Mallon, Dave; Whiteley, Derek (2013). _The Mammals of Derbyshire_. Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Mammal Group and Sorby Natur