DERBY (/ˈdɑːrbi/ ( listen ) DAR-bee ) is a city and unitary
authority area in
Derbyshire , England. It lies on the banks of the
River Derwent in the south of Derbyshire, of which it was
traditionally the county town . At the 2011 census , the population
Derby gained city status in 1977.
Derby was settled by Romans – who established the town of Derventio
– Saxons and Vikings, who made
Derby one of the Five Boroughs of the
Danelaw . Initially a market town ,
Derby grew rapidly in the
industrial era. Home to Lombe\'s Mill , an early British factory,
Derby has a claim to be one of the birthplaces of the Industrial
Revolution . It contains the southern part of the Derwent Valley Mills
World Heritage Site. With the arrival of the railways in the 19th
Derby became a centre of the British rail industry .
Derby is a centre for advanced transport manufacturing, home to the
world’s second largest aero-engine manufacturer, Rolls-Royce , and
Derby Litchurch Lane Works , for many years the UK's only train
Toyota Manufacturing UK
Toyota Manufacturing UK 's automobile headquarters is
south west of the city at
* 1 History
* 1.1 Origins
* 1.2 16th – 18th centuries
* 1.4 20th century to present day
* 2 Government
* 2.1 Local government
* 2.2 UK Parliament
* 2.3 National HQ
* 3 Geography
Derby Urban Area
* 3.2 Nearby settlements
* 4 Industry
* 5 Climate
* 6 Landmarks
* 6.1 Places of interest
* 7 Transport
* 7.1 Roads
* 7.2 Railways
* 7.3 Railway engineering
* 7.4 Air
* 7.5 Bus and coach
* 8 Culture, entertainment and sport
* 8.1 Music
* 8.2 Theatre and arts
* 8.3 Sport
* 8.4 Recreation
* 9 Shopping and nightlife
* 10 Education
* 11 Media
* 12 City emblem
* 13 Notable people
* 14 Notable Animals
* 15 International relations
* 15.1 Twin towns
* 15.2 List of twin towns
* 16 Notes
* 17 References
* 18 Bibliography
* 19 External links
Timeline of Derby
The tower of
Derby Cathedral . View of
Facing Clock Tower
The Roman camp of 'Derventio ' was probably at Little Chester
Chester Green (grid reference SK353375), the site of the old Roman
fort. Later the town was one of the 'Five Boroughs ' (fortified towns)
Danelaw , until it was captured by Lady Aethelflaed of Mercia
in July 917, subsequent to which the town was annexed into the Kingdom
Viking name Djúra-bý, recorded in Old English as Deoraby, means
"Village of the Deer". This popular belief is asserted by Tim Lambert
who states, "The name
Derby is derived from the Danish words deor by
meaning deer settlement."
However the origin of the name "Derby" would seem to be elusive: some
say it is a corruption of the original Roman name 'Derventio':
pronunciation of the letter 'v' as 'b', hence Derbentio, hence Derby,
whilst others claim the name could be linked with the river Derwent
which flows through the city, in that
Derby could be a shortened
version of Derwent by, meaning "Derwent settlement". Another possible
origin comes from Celtic because "Derwent" means "a valley thick with
The town name appears, nevertheless, as 'Darby' or 'Darbye' in early
maps, such as that of Speed (1610).
Modern research (2004) into the history and archaeology of
provided evidence that the Vikings and Anglo-Saxons probably
co-existed, occupying two areas of land surrounded by water. The
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (c. 900) says that "
Derby is divided by water".
These areas of land were known as Norþworþig ("Northworthy", =
"north enclosure") and Deoraby, and were at the "Irongate" (north)
side of Derby.
16TH – 18TH CENTURIES
During the Civil War of 1642–1646,
Derby was garrisoned by
Parliamentary troops commanded by
Sir John Gell, 1st Baronet , who was
appointed Governor of
Derby in 1643. These troops took part in the
defence of nearby
Nottingham , the Siege of
Lichfield , the Battle of
Hopton Heath and many other engagements in
Cheshire , as well as successfully defending
A hundred years later, Bonnie Prince Charlie set up camp at
4 December 1745, whilst on his way south to seize the British crown.
The prince called at The George Inn on Irongate, where the Duke of
Devonshire had set up his headquarters, and demanded billets for his
9,000 troops. Statue of Bonnie Prince Charlie on Cathedral Green
He stayed at
Exeter House , Full Street where he held his "council of
war ". A replica of the room is on display at
Derby Museum in the city
centre. He had received misleading information about an army coming to
meet him south of Derby. Although he wished to continue with his
quest, he was over-ruled by his fellow officers. He abandoned his
Swarkestone Bridge on the
River Trent just a few miles
south of Derby. As a testament to his belief in his cause, the prince
– who on the march from
Scotland had walked at the front of the
column – made the return journey on horseback at the rear of the
bedraggled and tired army.
Derbyshire were among the centres of Britain's Industrial
Revolution . In 1717,
Derby was the site of the first water-powered
silk mill in Britain, built by
John Lombe and
George Sorocold , after
Lombe had reputedly stolen the secrets of silk-throwing from Piedmont
in Italy (he is alleged to have been poisoned by the Piedmontese as
revenge in 1722).
Jedediah Strutt patented and built a machine called the
Derby Rib Attachment that revolutionised the manufacture of hose.
This attachment was used on the Rev. Lee's Framework Knitting Machine;
it was placed in front of – and worked in unison with – Lee's
Frame, to produce ribbed hose (stockings). The partners were Jedediah
Strutt, William Woollatt (who had been joined in 1758 by John
Bloodworth and Thomas Stafford, all leading hosiers in Derby). The
patent was obtained in January 1759. After three years, Bloodworth and
Stafford were paid off, and Samuel Need – a hosier of
joined the partnership. The firm was known as Need, Strutt and
Woollatt. The patent expired in 1773, though the partnership
continued until 1781 when Need died.
Messrs Wright, the bankers of Nottingham, recommended that Richard
Arkwright apply to Strutt and Need for finance for his cotton spinning
mill. The first mill opened in
Nottingham in 1770 and was driven by
horses. In 1771 Richard Arkwright, Samuel Need and Jedediah Strutt
built the world's first commercially successful water-powered cotton
spinning mill at
Cromford , Derbyshire, developing a form of power
that was to be a catalyst for the Industrial Revolution.
This was followed in
Derbyshire by Jedediah Strutt's cotton spinning
Belper . They were: South Mill, the first, 1775; North Mill,
1784, which was destroyed by fire on 12 January 1803 and then rebuilt;
it started work again at the end of 1804; West Mill, 1792, commenced
working 1796; Reeling Mill, 1897; Round Mill, which took 10 years to
build, from 1803 to 1813, and commenced working in 1816; and Milford
Mills, 1778. The
Belper and Milford mills were not built in
partnership with Arkwright. These mills were all Strutt owned and
Other notable 18th-century figures with connections to
the painter Joseph Wright , known as Wright of Derby, who was known
for his innovative use of light in his paintings and was an associate
Royal Academy ; and
John Whitehurst , a clockmaker and
Erasmus Darwin , doctor, scientist, philosopher and
Charles Darwin , whose practice was based in Lichfield
, Staffordshire was a frequent visitor to Derby, having founded the
Derby Philosophical Society .
The beginning of the next century saw
Derby emerging as an
engineering centre with manufacturers such as James Fox , who exported
machine tools to Russia.
In 1840, the
North Midland Railway set up its works in
when it merged with the
Midland Counties Railway
Midland Counties Railway and the Birmingham
Derby Junction Railway , to form the
Midland Railway , Derby
became its headquarters.
The connection with the railway encouraged others, notably Andrew
Handyside , Charles Fox and his son Francis Fox .
A permanent military presence was established in the city with the
Normanton Barracks in 1877.
Derby was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Corporations
Act 1835 , and it became a county borough with the Local Government
Act 1888 . The borough expanded in 1877 to include
Little Chester and
Litchurch , and then in 1890 to include New Normanton and Rowditch.
The borough did not increase substantially again until 1968, when
under a recommendation of the Local Government Boundary Commission it
was expanded into large parts of the rural district of
Belper , Repton
and South East
Derbyshire . This vastly increased Derby's population
from 132,408 in the 1961 census to 219,578 in the 1971 census.
Derby Silk Mill is part of the
Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage
Despite being one of the areas of Britain furthest from the sea ,
Derby holds a special place in the history of marine safety – it was
as MP for
Samuel Plimsoll introduced his bills for a
Plimsoll line ' (and other marine safety measures). This failed on
first introduction, but was successful in 1876 and contributed to
Plimsoll's re-election as an MP.
20TH CENTURY TO PRESENT DAY
An industrial boom began in
Derby when Rolls-Royce opened a car and
aircraft factory in the town in 1907. In 1923, the Midland Railway
became part of the
London, Midland and Scottish Railway
London, Midland and Scottish Railway with
headquarters in London. However,
Derby remained a major rail
manufacturing centre, second only to Crewe and Wolverton . Moreover,
it remained a design and development centre and in the 'thirties, on
the direction of Lord Stamp , the LMS Scientific Research Laboratory
was opened on London Road.
In 1911 the
Derby Wireless Club was formed by a group of local
engineers and experimenters. It was to be the first radio or 'wireless
club' in the country.
In World War I,
Derby was targeted by German
Zeppelin air bombers,
who killed five people in a 1916 raid on the town.
All Saints Church was designated as a cathedral in 1927, signalling
that the town was ready for city status.
Slum clearance in the 1920s and 1930s saw the central area of Derby
become less heavily populated as families were rehoused on new council
estates in the suburbs, where houses for private sale were also
constructed. Rehousing, council house building and private housing
developments continued on a large scale for some 30 years after the
end of World War II in 1945.
Production and repair work continued at the railway works. In
December 1947 the Locomotive Works unveiled Britain's first mainline
passenger diesel-electric locomotive – "Number 10000" . In 1958
production switched over to diesel locomotives completely. Meanwhile,
the Carriage and Wagon Works were building the first of the Diesel
Multiple Units which were to take over many of the services.
In 1964 the
British Rail Research Division opened to study all
aspects of railway engineering from first principles. Its first
success was in drastically improving the reliability and speed of
goods trains, work which led to the development of the Advanced
Passenger Train .
Derby was awarded city status on 7 June 1977 by Queen Elizabeth II to
mark the 25th anniversary of her ascension to the throne . The Queen
presented the "charter scroll" or 'letters patent' in person on 28
July 1977 on the steps of the Council House to the then Mayor
Councillor Jeffrey Tillet (Conservative). Until then,
Derby had been
one of the few towns in
England with a cathedral but not city status.
Derby holds an important position in the history of the Labour
movement , because it was one of two seats (the other being Keir
Hardie 's in
Merthyr Tydfil ) gained by the recently formed Labour
Representation Committee at the 1900 general election. The MP was
Richard Bell , General Secretary of the Railway Servants Union . Bell
was succeeded in 1910 by Jimmy Thomas and he in turn by the
distinguished polymath and
Nobel Laureate Philip Noel-Baker in 1936.
Despite its strategic industries (rail and aero-engine ), Derby
suffered comparatively little damage in both world wars (contrast
Filton ). This may in part have been due to the jamming
against the German radio-beam navigations systems (X-Verfahren and
Knickebein , camouflage and decoy techniques ('Starfish sites ') were
built, mainly south of the town, e.g. out in fields near Foremark
(ref. Kirk, Felix see also ).
Derby has also become a significant cultural centre for the deaf
community in Britain. Many deaf people move to
Derby because of its
strong sign language -using community. It is estimated that the deaf
Derby is at least three times higher than the national
average, and that only London has a larger deaf population. The Royal
School for the Deaf on Ashbourne Road provides education in British
Sign Language and English.
Derby local elections
By traditional definitions,
Derby is the county town of
although Derbyshire's administrative centre has in recent years been
Matlock . On 1 April 1997
Derby City Council became again a unitary
authority (a status it had held, as a county borough , up until 1974),
with the rest of
Derbyshire administered from Matlock. On 7 July 2014,
Derby's first ever youth mayor (Belal Butt) was elected.
split into 17 wards.
AREAS WITHIN THE WARD
Stockbrook and Normanton (part of)
Pride Park ,
Allenton (Part of)
City Centre, Pear Tree and Rose Hill
Sunny Hill and
Littleover (part of)
Boulton and Allenton (part of)
Chaddesden (older part of)
Darley Abbey , Five Lamps,
Little Chester (also known as Chester
Green), Strutt's Park, Six Streets and West End
Breadsall Hilltop and
Chaddesden (newer part of)
Littleover (most of) and
Mackworth and Morley Estate
Normanton (most of) and Austin Estate
Chaddesden (part of)
Sinfin , Osmaston and
Stenson Fields (part of)
Derby was a single
United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency
represented by two members of parliament until 1950, when it was
divided into the single-member constituencies of
Derby North and Derby
Rail Accident Investigation Branch
Rail Accident Investigation Branch has its headquarters in The
Wharf, a facility in Derby. RAIB has one of its two operational
centres in Derby.
Derby is situated in a relatively low-lying area along the lower
valley of the River Derwent and lies between the lowlands and valley
River Trent to the south, and the south east foothills of the
Pennines to the north which extend to the
Peak District National Park
further on. The city is bordered by four national character areas
which include the Trent Valley Washlands to the south, the
Derbyshire and Yorkshire Coalfields in the east, the
Derbyshire Claylands in the west, and the
Derbyshire Peak Fringe
in the north. Most of the flat plains surrounding
Derby lie in the
Trent Valley Washlands and South
Derbyshire Claylands while the
hillier northern parts of the city lie within the
Fringe and the Coalfields.
DERBY URBAN AREA
Derby Built-up area
Office of National Statistics
Office of National Statistics have defined an urban area for
Derby which consists of the city itself, as well as outlying suburbs
and villages in surrounding districts.
‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered for
deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›
NEIGHBOURING TOWNS AND VILLAGES
Glossop , Manchester
Belper , Matlock
Heanor , Eastwood ,
Alfreton , Swanwick
Clay Cross ,
Stoke on Trent
Long Eaton , Beeston , Ockbrook
Burton on Trent ,
Lichfield , Birmingham
Castle Donington , Melbourne ,
Derby's two biggest employers,
Rolls-Royce plc and the Toyota Motor
Corporation are engaged in engineering manufacturing. Other companies
of note include railway systems engineering firm Bombardier
Transportation who manufacture railway rolling stock at the Derby
Carriage and Wagon Works , HeroTSC, who deal with much of Sky's
telephone support, and
Alstom who manufacture large power plant
boilers and heat exchangers .
Derby was for many years a railway centre, being the former
headquarters of the
Midland Railway , with both
British Rail workshops
and research facilities in the town. Although much less important than
in years gone by, limited train manufacture still continues in Derby
Derby railway station
Derby railway station retains an important position in the railway
network. The city is favoured as a site for a national railway centre.
Sinfin Lane was the home of the 62-acre (250,000 m2) site
International Combustion , originally manufacturers of machinery
for the automatic delivery of pulverised fuel to furnaces and boilers
, and later producing steam-generating boilers for use in electrical
generating plant such as used in power stations. In the 1990s the firm
was bought by
Rolls-Royce plc and then sold on again to
ABB Group .
Derby was the home of
Core Design (originally based on Ashbourne
Road), who developed the successful video game
Tomb Raider . When
Derby's inner ring road was completed in 2010, a section of it was
Lara Croft Way' after the game's heroine
Lara Croft .
One of Derby's longest-established businesses is
Royal Crown Derby
Royal Crown Derby ,
which has been producing porcelain since the 1750s.
Midlands Co-operative Society , a predecessor of Central England
Co-operative , traced its origins to
Derby Co-operative Provident
Society which, in 1854, was one of the first co-operatives in the
Derby is a planned business park for aerospace, rail
and automotive technology adjacent to the Rolls-Royce site in Sinfin.
In December 2014, the government announced that the park would gain
enterprise zone status by being added to
Nottingham Enterprise Zone .
Köppen climatic classification , Derby, in spite of its
distance to large bodies of water, has an oceanic climate along with
the rest of the
British Isles . The readings are from the closest
station available in
Watnall , but climate tends to be very similar
between stations and cities in the region, although the Watnall
station is located at a somewhat higher elevation, 17 kilometres (11
mi) to the north.
CLIMATE DATA FOR WATNALL
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
Derby Cathedral tower is 212 feet (68.6 meters) tall to the tip of
the pinnacles. This has been home to a pair of breeding peregrine
falcons since 2006. Four webcams monitor the falcons here.
Derby Gaol is a visitor attraction based in the dungeons of the
Derbyshire County Gaol which dates back to 1756.
Derby Industrial Museum
Derby Industrial Museum is situated in
Derby Silk Mill and shows the
industrial heritage and technological achievement of Derby, including
Rolls-Royce aero engines , railways, mining, quarrying and foundries .
The Silk Mill stands at the southern end of the 24 km (15 mi) stretch
of the River Derwent designated a
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site in 2001.
Pickford's House Museum
Pickford's House Museum
Pickford\'s House Museum was built by architect
Joseph Pickford in
1770. It was his home and business headquarters.
Derby Museum and Art
Gallery shows paintings by Joseph Wright , as well as fine Royal Crown
Derby porcelain, natural history, local regiments and archaeology.
Pickford also designed St Helen\'s House in King Street.
The skyline of the inner city changed in 1968 when the inner ring
road with its two new crossings of the River Derwent was built. The
route of the ring road went through the St. Alkmund\'s Church and its
Georgian churchyard , the only Georgian square in Derby. Both were
demolished to make way for the road, a move still criticised today.
Thus the editor (Elizabeth Williamson) of the 2nd edition of Pevsner
Derbyshire wrote: '...the character and cohesion of the centre has
been completely altered by the replacement of a large number of C18
houses in the centre by a multi-lane road. As a traffic scheme this
road is said to be a triumph; as townscape it is a disaster.'
PLACES OF INTEREST
Derby Guildhall, symbolic seat of local government, today serves
primarily as a 240-seat theatre. It was built after the previous hall
was destroyed by fire in 1841.
* Cathedral Quarter
Derby Museum and Art Gallery
Derby Museum and Art Gallery
Derby Industrial Museum
Derby Industrial Museum (Silk Mill)
* St Mary\'s Church,
Derby Friargate Station (of which all that remains is Handyside\'s
bridge and the bridge across Friargate)
* iPro Stadium (
Derby County F.C.
Derby County F.C. ) and its predecessor the Baseball
Ground (now demolished)
* River Derwent
* St Helen\'s House,
* Intu shopping centre
* Saint Benedict Catholic School and Performing Arts College
Royal Crown Derby
Royal Crown Derby Museum and Factory Tour
* Pickford\'s House Museum
Mercian Way, looking across Abbey Street towards
The city has extensive transport links with other areas of the
M1 motorway passes about ten miles (16 km) to the east of
the city, linking
Derby southwards to the London area and northwards
Leeds . Other major roads passing through or near
Derby include the A6 (historically the main route from London to
Carlisle , also linking to
Manchester ), A38 (
Birmingham ), A50 (
Warrington to Leicester
Stoke-on-Trent ), A52 (
Brian Clough Way linking
Nottingham ) and A61
Sheffield and Leeds).
On 16 March 2011, Mercian Way, the final section of the city's inner
ring road, was opened to traffic. This new section connects Burton
Uttoxeter New Road, and crosses Abbey Street. Abbey Street
is the only road between the two ends from which Mercian Way can be
Bold Lane Car Park in
Derby has been cited as one of the ten most
secure places in the world.
Derby railway station
Derby railway station
Derby has been served by railways since 1840 with the opening of the
North Midland Railway to Leeds, with a route to London via Rugby
provided by the
Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway . At the same
time, a route to
Leicester was opened by the Midland
Counties Railway . In 1844, these three companies merged to form the
Midland Railway who subsequently opened a direct route to London St
Pancras station . The present day station,
Derby Midland is on the
same site as 1840 and the original platform visibly forms the
sub-structure of the modern Platform 1. The
Midland Railway frontage
was replaced in 1985, and during 2008 and 2009 the 1950s concrete
platform canopies were replaced with steel and glass structures.
Derby station is operated by
East Midlands Trains and the city is
served by expresses to London, the North East and South West, provided
East Midlands Trains and
CrossCountry . There also remain local
stations at Peartree and
Spondon , although services are limited,
especially at the former.
The Great Northern Railway 's "
Derbyshire and North Staffordshire
Extension" formerly ran through
Derby Friargate Station , from Colwick
Egginton Junction. After closure, part of the route
Derby was used by
British Rail as a test track. Today, the
trackbed either side of
Derby is blocked only by road development and
has been converted to a
Sustrans cycle track. The ornate cast iron
bridge by Andrew Handyside across Friargate is still in place, as is
his bridge over the river.
Annual dinner of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers held in
the carriage works of the
Midland Railway at
Derby in 1898. Samuel
Johnson, the railway's Chief Mechanical Engineer was the institution
As a consequence of the
Midland Railway basing their headquarters in
Derby, along with their Locomotive and Carriage and Wagon Works , the
railways had been a major influence on the development of the town
during the Victorian period.
However, as described above, during the 20th century, railway
manufacturing developed elsewhere, while in
Derby the emphasis shifted
to other industries. Even though it had pioneered the introduction of
diesel locomotives, new production finished in 1966. Repair work
gradually diminished until, finally the locomotive works closed, the
land being redeveloped as Pride Park. The only buildings remaining are
those visible from Platform 6 of the station.
The Carriage and Wagon Works continues to build trains under
Bombardier Transportation . The
Railway Technical Centre continues to
house railway businesses, including the headquarters of DeltaRail
Group , formerly the
British Rail Research Division .
East Midlands Airport is situated about fifteen miles (24 km) from
Derby city centre. Its proximity to Derby, the fact that the airport
Leicestershire , and the traditional rivalry between the three
Leicester and Nottingham), meant that there was
controversy concerning the airport's decision to prefix its name with
Nottingham in 2004. In 2006,
East Midlands Airport reverted
to its previous name. The airport is served by budget airlines ,
Jet2 , with services to domestic and European
Derby Airfield , located approximately 7 miles (11 km) southwest of
the city centre has grass runways targeted at general aviation .
BUS AND COACH
Derby Corporation trolleybus in Victoria Street, Derby, in
Derby trolleybus system closed on 9 September 1967.
Derby's former bus station was an art deco design by borough
architect C.H. Aslin . Built in 1933, it was closed in 2005 and later
demolished, despite the protests of environmentalists and
conservationists. The unique cafe building is planned to be rebuilt at
Crich Tramway Museum . After the closure of the old bus station,
services used temporary stops on streets around the Morledge area
until a new bus station, built on the old site as part of the
Riverlights development, was opened on Sunday 28 March 2010. Most
Derby now terminate at the bus station. The new bus
station has 29 bays, 5 for coaches and 24 for general bus services.
First, the concourse area where passengers board and alight was
completed. The remainder of the building has been developed as a
Holiday Inn and a Hilton Hotel as well as a convenience store which
opened in late 2010.
Local bus services in and around
Derby are run by a number of
companies, but principally
Trent Barton and
Arriva Midlands . The city
is on National Express ' London to
Manchester and Yorkshire to the
South West routes.
Between 1932 and 1967,
Derby Corporation operated the Derby
trolleybus system . The last trolleybus ran on 9 September 1967.
Derby vehicles have been preserved at Sandtoft and the East
Anglia Transport Museum .
CULTURE, ENTERTAINMENT AND SPORT
In rock music, the blues singer-songwriter
Kevin Coyne came from
Derby, as does the three piece rock band
LostAlone , and indie/glam
The Struts . The ska punk band Lightyear also hail from the
city, naming their second album Chris Gentlemens Hairdresser and
Railway Book Shop after a shop in Macklin Street.
The pop band
White Town is from Derby, and their video "Your Woman"
features scenes from the city centre.
The Beekeepers were signed to Beggars Banquet Records
between 1993-1998. Singer
Jamie East later went on to create
Holy Moly and present Big Brother\'s Bit on the
One of Derby's bands is
Anti-Pasti , whose debut 1981 album The Last
Call reached the top 40 in the
UK album charts . The band reformed in
2012 and again with altered line up in 2014.
Sinfonia Viva is a chamber orchestra based in Derby, presenting
concerts and educational events in the city, across the East Midlands,
and occasionally further afield.
A full-scale programme of orchestral and other concerts was presented
Derby LIVE at the Assembly Rooms, though this is currently closed
following fire damage in March 2014; performances continue to take
place at the smaller Guildhall Theatre, and in
Derby Cathedral. The
amateur classical music scene includes two choral societies, Derby
Bach Choir and
Derby Choral Union ; smaller choirs including the
Derwent Singers and Sitwell Singers ; and
Derby Concert Orchestra .
Derby Chamber Music presents an annual series of chamber music
Derby University 's
Multifaith Centre. A series of organ
recitals is presented every summer at
Derby Cathedral .
The folk-music scene includes the annual
Derby Folk Festival.
Other music venues in the city include The Venue on Abbey Street, The
Hairy Dog on Becket Street, Ryans Bar in the St Peters Quarter, The
Flowerpot on King's Street, and The Victoria Inn.
The VoiceBox, a converted former industrial building near the centre
of Derby, is a performance, teaching and rehearsal venue for a range
of vocal and choral music.
THEATRE AND ARTS
After a lengthy period of financial uncertainty,
closed in February 2008. It was resurrected in September of that year
after a new financing package was put together but forced to close
again just two months later because of further financial problems. The
lease was later bought by
Derby University and the building was
Derby Theatre . Along with the Assembly Rooms and Guildhall
Theatre, it was operated by
Derby LIVE, the cultural arm of
Council . In 2012
Derby University took over as sole operator of Derby
Theatre; Sarah Brigham was appointed Artistic Director, and has been
in post since January 2013.
QUAD is a centre for art and film which opened in 2008. The building
has two cinema screens showing independent and mainstream cinema, two
gallery spaces housing contemporary visual arts , a digital studio,
participation spaces, digital editing suites, artists studio and the
BFI Mediatheque. QUAD organises the annual
Derby Film Festival, and
the FORMAT international photography festival, held every two years at
various venues throughout the city.
The Robert Ludlam Theatre, on the campus of Saint Benedict Catholic
School and Performing Arts College , is a 270-seat venue with a
programme of entertainment including dance, drama, art, music, theatre
in the round , comedy, films, family entertainment, rock and pop
events and workshops. The theatre company Oddsocks is based in Derby
and stages productions in the city and the surrounding area, as well
as travelling the country.
Déda, established in 1991, is the only dedicated dance house in the
East Midlands region, acting as a local, regional and national
resource for dance and aerial artists and contemporary circus. Déda
houses a 124 capacity studio theatre, three dance studios, meeting
room facilities and the CUBE café bar. It offers a weekly class
programme and a year-round professional performance programme for
children, young people and adults, and a community development
programme. Déda now hosts a BA degree in Dance in partnership with
the University of Derby.
Derby Book Festival, first held in 2015, takes place in June, with
events throughout the city.
Derby Festé is a weekend street arts festival held at the end of
September every year. The first Six Streets Arts trail was in June
2012, took place again in 2013 and will now be a biennial event. It
includes strong input from the local History Network which was
awarded a Heritage Lottery grant to pursue its work on marking the
100th anniversary of World War 1.
John Dexter the theatre director and the actor
Alan Bates were from
John Osborne wrote his play
Look Back in Anger in 1956 while
Derby and working at
Pride Park Stadium
Derby gained a high profile in sport following the appointment of
Brian Clough as manager of
Derby County F.C.
Derby County F.C. in 1967. Promotion to the
Football League First Division was achieved in 1969, and County were
champions of the English league three years later. Following Clough's
resignation in 1973, his successor
Dave Mackay guided
Derby County to
another league title in 1975, but this remains to date the club's last
major trophy; relegation followed in 1980 and top flight status was
not regained until 1987, since then
Derby have spent a total of 11
seasons (1987–1991, 1996–2002, 2007–2008) in the top flight.
Other former managers of the club include Arthur Cox , Jim Smith ,
John Gregory and
George Burley . Former players include
Colin Todd ,
Roy McFarland (who both later had brief and unsuccessful stints as
manager at the club), Dave Mackay,
Peter Shilton ,
Dean Saunders ,
Craig Short ,
Marco Gabbiadini ,
Horacio Carbonari ,
Steve Bloomer and
Tom Huddlestone . The club's most recent spell as a top division (FA
Premier League ) club ended in May 2008 after just one season , during
which the club won just one out of 38 league games and finished with
just 11 points, the lowest in the history of the
Premier League . The
club moved from its century-old
Baseball Ground in 1997 to the new
Pride Park Stadium .
There are three senior non-league football clubs based in the city.
Mickleover Sports play at Station Road,
Mickleover and are members of
the EvoStik Northern
Premier League (the seventh level of the English
football league system ). Graham Street Prims and
are both members of the
East Midlands Counties League (level ten) and
play on adjacent grounds at the Asterdale complex in
Derbyshire County Cricket Club are based at the County Ground in
Derby and play almost all home matches there, although matches at
Chesterfield were re-introduced in 2006. One of the designated first
class county sides, they have won the
County Championship once, in
Derby has clubs in both codes of rugby . In rugby union ,
play in Midlands Division One East (the sixth level of English rugby
union) at their Haslams Lane ground.
Rugby league team
Derby City RLFC
were formed in 1990 and compete in the Midlands Premier Division of
the National Rugby League Conference. From 2008 they are ground
Derby RFC at Haslams Lane.
The city is represented in the
English Basketball League Division One
Derby Trailblazers , who play at the Moorways Sports Centre. They
were formed in 2002 following the demise of British Basketball League
Derby Storm .
Team Derby, based at
Derby Arena , won the inaugural National
Badminton League title in 2014–15. The Arena, opened in 2015, also
contains a velodrome that has hosted the Revolution cycling series .
Francis Ley introduced baseball to the town in
the late 19th century, and built a stadium near the town centre. The
attempt to establish baseball in
Derby was unsuccessful, but the
stadium survived for some 100 years afterwards as the home of Derby
County Football Club. It was demolished in 2003, six years after
County's move to
Pride Park .
Melissa Reid was born in
Derby in 1987. She plays
Ladies European Tour , and was a member of the victorious
European Team in the
2011 Solheim Cup
2011 Solheim Cup .
Arthur Keily the marathon runner and Olympian was born in Derbyshire
in 1921 and has lived his whole life in Derby. In Rome in 1960 he
broke the English Olympic record, recording a time of 2 hours 27 mins.
The restored Grove Street Lodge and "Grand Entrance" at the
northern end of the Arboretum
Derby Arboretum , donated to the town by local philanthropist Joseph
Strutt in 1840, was the first planned urban public park in the
country. Although it suffered from neglect in the 1990s, it has been
renovated. It has been claimed to have been one of the inspirations
Central Park in New York.
Markeaton Park is Derby's most used leisure facility. Other major
parks in the city include
Allestree Park , Darley Park , Chaddesden
Alvaston Park , Normanton Park and Osmaston Park .
believed to be one of the country's highest, if not the highest,
ranking cities for parkland per capita. Darley and Derwent Parks lie
immediately north of the city centre and are home to owls, kingfishers
and other wildlife.
Derby Rowing Club and Derwent Rowing Club are
located on the banks of the river, where is also a riverside walk and
There are four museums:
Derby Museum and Art Gallery
Derby Museum and Art Gallery ; Pickford\'s
House Museum ; The Silk Mill and The
Royal Crown Derby
Royal Crown Derby Museum.
SHOPPING AND NIGHTLIFE
Ye Olde Dolphin Inne
Shopping in central
Derby is divided into three main areas. These are
the Cathedral Quarter , the St Peters Quarter and the Intu Derby
shopping centre. The Cathedral Quarter was Derby's first BID (Business
Improvement District ), and includes a large range of shops,
boutiques, coffee shops and restaurants. It is focused around the
Cathedral and the area around Irongate and Sadler Gate. It includes
the Market place, the Guildhall and Assembly rooms along with the City
Museum and the Silk Mill industrial museum.
The St Peters Quarter is Derby's second Business Improvement district
brought into effect in the summer of 2011. Its boundary with the
Cathedral Quarter follows Victoria Street, beneath which flows the
underground course of the
Markeaton Brook . The quarter boasts a
diverse range of retail shops many of them, in Green Lane, Babington
Lane, Osmaston Road and elsewhere, independent traders. St Peters
Street, London Road and East Street also includes a large choice of
National retailers along with pubs, restaurants, banks and offices.
The quarter includes the historic St Peters Church and, on St Peter's
Churchyard, the medieval
Derby School building. Nearby also is the Old
Courthouse and several other notable buildings. At the eastern end of
the quarter is the bus station along with the Hilton Hotel and Holiday
Inn, part of the Riverlights Development on the banks of the Derwent.
Intu Derby is the city's main indoor shopping centre. It opened in
2007 as Westfield
Derby after extension work costing £340 million,
subsequently being sold to Intu in March 2014. It contains a food
court and a 12-screen cinema (Showcase – Cinema De Lux ) which was
opened in May 2008. The development was controversial and local
opponents accuse it of drawing trade away from the older parts of the
city centre where independent shops are located. Some of these
experienced a downturn in trade and some have ceased trading since the
development opened leading to the "Lanes" project which eventually
became the second BID and the formation of St Peters Quarter. In the
centre itself, a combination of high rents and rising rates have made
things difficult for smaller traders.
The Friar Gate area contains clubs and bars, making it the centre of
Derby is also well provided with pubs and is
renowned for its large amount of real ale outlets. The oldest pub is
the Grade II listed
Ye Olde Dolphin Inne , dating from the late 16th
Out of town shopping areas include the Kingsway Retail Park, off the
A38; the Wyvern Retail Park, near Pride Park; and the Meteor Centre,
List of schools in Derby
Like most of the UK,
Derby operates a non-selective primary and
secondary education system with no middle schools . Pupils attend
infant and junior school (often in a combined primary school) before
moving onto a secondary school. Many of the secondary schools have
sixth forms , allowing pupils to optionally take A Levels after the
end of compulsory education. For those who want to stay in education
but leave school, the large
Derby College provides post-16 courses for
school leavers, apprentices and employer related training. It has two
main campuses the Joseph Wright Centre in the centre of Derby, where
A Level courses are based. And the historical
which is the college's vocational training hub, providing a centre for
apprenticeships such as engineering, catering and hair Allestree
Woodlands School ,
Bemrose School ,
Chellaston Academy , City of Derby
Academy , da Vinci Community College ,
Derby Manufacturing UTC , Derby
Moor Community Sports College ,
Derby Pride Academy , Landau Forte
Lees Brook Community School ,
Littleover Community School ,
Merrill Academy ,
Murray Park School ,
Noel-Baker School , Saint
Benedict Catholic Voluntary Academy and
West Park School .
Outside the state sector, there are three fee-paying independent
Derby Grammar School was founded in 1994 and was for boys
only, until 2007, when they accepted girls into the sixth form for the
first time. They aim to continue the work and traditions of the former
Derby School , which closed in 1989, one of the oldest schools in
Derby High School is for girls-only for senior and sixth form
and for girls and boys at primary level.
Derby has special needs establishments including Ivy House School
located at the
Derby Moor Community Sports College (which takes pupils
from nursery to sixth form) and the Light House which is a respite
facility for children and parents.
Allestree Woodlands School have a
Hearing Impaired department, and Saint Benedict have an Enhanced
Resource Base for pupils to access specialised support within
mainstream schooling. There also a number of alternative provision
Derby Pride Academy .
University of Derby
University of Derby has its main campus on Kedleston Road. There
is another campus in north
In 2003 the University of
Nottingham opened a graduate entry medical
school based at
Royal Derby Hospital . The university also has its
School of Nursing and Midwifery located there, having moved from its
former home at
London Road Community Hospital in mid-2012.
Derby Telegraph (formerly the
Derby Evening Telegraph) is the
city's daily newspaper. Crime writer Richard Cox set his first book
around his own experience as a
Derby Telegraph reporter in the 1970s.
Derby Trader was a free weekly newspaper which is no longer in
print. A local edition of the daily national freesheet Metro is
distributed in the city centre every morning, although this only has a
very small amount of local content.
BBC Radio Derby , the BBC's local station for
Derbyshire and East
Staffordshire , is based on St. Helen's Street in the city and offers
local, national and international news, features, music and sports
commentaries. It is available on 104.5 FM and 1116 AM, on 95.3 FM in
North and Mid
Derbyshire and on 96.0 FM in the
Buxton area, as well as
being streamed on the internet. The
Derby have their own local
website for the area which provides news, travel and weather
information, as well as other features.
East Midlands , is the biggest commercial radio station in
the city, broadcasting to
Derby on 102.8 FM from the transmitter at
Drum Hill, just outside the city. It broadcasts a Contemporary Hit
Radio (CHR) format, with Top 40 chart hits aimed at the city's under
Derby's emblem is the
Derby Ram, about which there is a folk song
The Derby Ram
The Derby Ram ". It is found in a number of places, most
notably serving as the nickname of
Derby County F.C.
Derby County F.C. . The logo of the
City Council's services is a stylised ram. Representation of The
Derby Ram in East Street
This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this
section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material
may be challenged and removed . (December 2015) (Learn how and when to
remove this template message )
Alan Bates (1934–2003), actor
Freda Bedi (1911–1977), social worker, writer and
Ronald Binge (1910–1979), composer
Steve Bloomer (1874–1938),
England international footballer and
manager who played for
Derby County and
Middlesbrough F.C .
David Brailsford (born 1964), cycling administrator
Rufus Brevett (born 1969), Footballer
Maxwell Caulfield (born 1959), actor
Henry Cavendish (1731–1810), scientist
* William John Coffee (1774–1846), artist and sculptor
* Daniel Parker Coke (1745–1825), barrister and Member of
Des Coleman (born 1969), actor and presenter
Kevin Coyne (1944–2004), musician, film-maker and writer
Erasmus Darwin (1731–1802), physician and philosopher
Denny Dennis (1913–1993), singer
John Dexter (1925–1990), theatre director
* George Benjamin Dodwell (1851–1925),
Derby born merchant, who
founded the British-Asian trading company
Dodwell & Co.
Ralph Downes (1904–1993), organist, designer of the organ in the
Royal Festival Hall , London
Drumsound & Bassline Smith , electronic group
Richard Felix (born 1949) Author, television presenter, historian
John Flamsteed (1646–1719), first
Maria Fowler (born 1986), model and actress
* James Fox (1780–1830), engineer
Jessica Garlick (born 1981), singer, was born in Derby
Patricia Greene (born 1931), radio and TV actress (Jill in The
Peter Hammill (born 1948), singer-songwriter and founding member
of progressive rock band
Van der Graaf Generator
Bobby Hassell (born 1980), footballer
* Andrew Handyside (1806–1887), iron founder
* Steve Holland (born 1970), football coach (Crewe Alexandra and
Chelsea assistant) and former professional footballer
Geoff Hoon MP (born 1953), politician
* Major General Charles Hudson (1892 - 1959),
British Army Victoria
Cross recipient and general
* Charlie Hudson (1874 - 1958), pigeon racer, winner of the
England champion race in 1913 with
The King of Rome
Chris Humphries (1947 - 2009), botanist
* William Hutton (1723–1815) historian, poet and bookseller
Jess Kent , musician
* Michael Knowles , actor
Stephen Layton (born 1966), choral conductor
Duncan Lloyd , musician
Kevin Lloyd (1949–1998) actor, (Tosh Lines in
The Bill TV
Terry Lloyd (1952–2003), television journalist
John Lombe (1693–1722), industrial pioneer
Edgar Longstaffe (1852–1933), landscape painter
Eric Malpass (1910–1996), novelist
* Stephen Marley (born 1946), novelist
* Louis Martin (1936-2015), weightlifter, Olympic silver medallist,
Ted Moult (1926-1986), farmer and TV personality
Florence Nightingale (1820–1910), pioneer of modern nursing
* Jack O\'Connell (actor) (born 1990), actor
Colin Osborne (born 1975), PDC darts player
* Chris Palmer (born 1983), footballer
Reg Parnell (1911–1964), racing driver and team manager
Samuel Plimsoll (1825–98), politician, Liberal Member of
Parliament for Derby, inventor of the
Plimsoll line , 'The Sailors
Melissa Reid (born 1987), golfer
Samuel Richardson (1689–1761), novelist
Chris Riggott (born 1980), footballer
Anton Rippon (born 1944), journalist, author and publisher
Henry Royce (1863–1933), co-founder of Rolls-Royce
Sir Nigel Rudd (born 1946), industrialist
Max Sciandri (born 1967), Professional cyclist and Olympic
* John Smith (1813–1866), clockmaker
Lauren Socha (born 1990), star of E4 's television series Misfits
Michael Socha (born 1987), actor
George Sorocold (c. 1668 – c. 1738), first non-military person
to be described as an engineer
Herbert Spencer (1820–1903), philosopher
Jedediah Strutt (1726–1797), industrial pioneer
Gwen Taylor (born 1939), actress
* Richard Turner (born 1940), artist and poet
Stuart Varney (born 1949) Economic Journalist for Fox News Channel
Damien Walters (born 1982), stuntman , gymnast and free runner
* Lucy Ward (born 1989), folk musician and songwriter
Joan Waste (1534–1556), blind martyr burned to death at age 22
Alice Wheeldon (1866–1919) pacifist and anti-war campaigner.
John Whitehurst (1713–1788), clockmaker and scientist
Dafydd Wigley (born 1943),
Plaid Cymru (Welsh Nationalist)
* Sir Henry Wilmot (1831–1901),
Victoria Cross recipient
* Joseph Wright (1734–1797), artist
* Youngman , MC and vocalist
Dubzy MC ">
* ^ Matlock is generally considered the county town since the
relocation of the
Derbyshire County Council headquarters there in
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* ^ "
Derby Cathedral". You & Yesterday. Retrieved 4 February 2008.
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ISBN 0-7509-2131-5 .
* ^ A B Lambert, Tim. "A brief history of Derby, Derbyshire,
England". The History of the World. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
* ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960) . The Concise
Oxford Dictionary of
English Place Names (Fourth ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 143.
ISBN 0-19-869103-3 .
* ^ The Rivers of Time Ron McKeown, ISBN 0-9530603-7-3
* ^ A B "W.G. and J.Strutt Ltd., of Belper, Derbyshire, cotton
* ^ ,
Derby District: Total Population
* ^ "About
Cromford Mill". Retrieved 26 December 2012.
* ^ "
Cromford Mills – birthplace of the industrial revolution".
Retrieved 26 December 2012.
* ^ "The 1st water powered Cotton Spinning Mill in the World".
Retrieved 26 December 2012.
* ^ "Nothing ever happens in Sinfin". This is Sinfin. Retrieved 8
* ^ "DADARS: Detailed History 1911 to 1961". www.dadars.org.uk.
Derby & District Amateur Radio Society. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
* ^ "
Derby Wireless Club". www.derbywirelessclub.org.uk. Derby
Wireless Club. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
* ^ "
BBC - World War One At Home,
Midland Railway Works, Derby: The
Night Lights Were Left On". BBC.
* ^ "Facts and Statistics". www.derby.anglican.org. Diocese of
Derby. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
* ^ "No. 47246".
The London Gazette
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* ^ The Times. 29 July 1977
* ^ "Stories". Youandyesterday.co.uk. 27 July 1942. Retrieved 17
* ^ The Local Government Commission for
England (June 2001).
"Periodic electoral review of Derby: Final recommendations for ward
boundaries in Derby" (PDF). Retrieved 4 February 2008.
* ^ "Contact us". Rail Accident Investigation Branch. Retrieved 11
August 2011. . "
Rail Accident Investigation Branch
Rail Accident Investigation Branch Address The Wharf
Derby DE21 4BA"
* ^ "Department for Transport travel plan: Annexes". Department for
Transport . Retrieved 11 August 2011. – They have offices in Woking
* ^ "About us".
Rail Accident Investigation Branch
Rail Accident Investigation Branch . Retrieved 11
* ^ "Landscape Character".
Derbyshire County Council. 2013.
Retrieved 17 August 2015.
* ^ "
Derby Nostalgia –
Derby Nostalgia Photos,
Derby Archives -
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vital to city\'s future".
Derby Telegraph . 5 December 2014. Retrieved
11 March 2015.
* ^ "
Derby climate". Met Office. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
* ^ "
Derby climate". Retrieved 12 May 2015.
* ^ "
Derby Cathedral Peregrine Project".
Derby City Council .
Retrieved 11 August 2011.
* ^ "
Derby Peregrine Webcam".
Derby City Council. Retrieved 20
* ^ "Neville test-drives city\'s new ring road". Retrieved 17 March
* ^ "The safest place on Earth? (Well, nearly)". BBC. February
2003. Retrieved 16 August 2011.
* ^ "Orchestra moves to Cathedral Quarter".
Derby Telegraph. 23
August 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
* ^ http://www.oddsocks.co.uk/theatre/
* ^ http://www.deda.uk.com/
* ^ http://www.derbybookfestival.co.uk/
* ^ http://www.derbyfeste.com/
* ^ "Six Streets Arts Trail".
* ^ http://www.sixstreetsderby.org.uk/sixstreetsworldwar1.htm
* ^ A B "The History of
Derby County Football Club".
Football Club. 8 May 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
* ^ Profile on Ladies European Tour\'s official site
* ^ "
Arthur Keily picks up lifetime achievement
gong". This is Derbyshire. Northcliffe Media. 20 September 2008.
Retrieved 14 August 2011.
* ^ "keily, Arthur". bygonederbyshire. Retrieved 26 May 2009.
* ^ "Arboretum history". Christopher Harris. 2010. Retrieved 16
* ^ "
Markeaton Park – today". BBC. October 2002. Retrieved 14
* ^ Johnson, Robin (20 March 2014). "Westfield
centre sold to Intu for £390m".
Derby Evening Telegraph. Retrieved
* ^ "Westfield
Derby – About". westfieldderby.co.uk. Retrieved 4
* ^ Historic
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* ^ Paul Linford (10 June 2014). "Former reporter tells tale of
violence and corruption". HoldTheFrontPage.co.uk. Retrieved 29 June
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2FS. "Town twinning". CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link )
* ^ "History made as
Derby becomes \'sister city\' of Hebron,
See also: Bibliography of the history of
Wikimedia Commons has media related to DERBY .
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for DERBY .