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Derby
Derby
(/ˈdɑːrbi/ ( listen) DAR-bee) is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire, England. It lies on the banks of the River Derwent in the south of Derbyshire, of which it was traditionally the county town.[nb 1] At the 2011 census, the population was 248,700. Derby
Derby
gained city status in 1977. Derby
Derby
was settled by Romans – who established the town of Derventio – Saxons and Vikings, who made Derby
Derby
one of the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw. Initially a market town, Derby
Derby
grew rapidly in the industrial era. Home to Lombe's Mill, an early British factory, Derby
Derby
has a claim to be one of the birthplaces of the Industrial Revolution. It contains the southern part of the Derwent Valley Mills
Derwent Valley Mills
World Heritage Site. With the arrival of the railways in the 19th century, Derby
Derby
became a centre of the British rail industry. Derby
Derby
is a centre for advanced transport manufacturing, home to the world’s second largest aero-engine manufacturer, Rolls-Royce, and Derby
Derby
Litchurch
Litchurch
Lane Works, for many years the UK's only train manufacturer. Toyota Manufacturing UK's automobile headquarters is south west of the city at Burnaston.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origins 1.2 16th – 18th centuries 1.3 Industrial Revolution 1.4 20th century to present day 1.5 City emblem

2 Government

2.1 Local government 2.2 UK Parliament 2.3 National HQ

3 Geography

3.1 Derby
Derby
Urban Area 3.2 Green Belt 3.3 Nearby settlements

4 Industry 5 Climate 6 Landmarks

6.1 Places of interest

7 Transport

7.1 Roads 7.2 Railways 7.3 Railway engineering 7.4 Air 7.5 Bus and coach

8 Culture, entertainment and sport

8.1 Music 8.2 Theatre and arts 8.3 Sport 8.4 Recreation

9 Shopping and nightlife 10 Education 11 Media 12 Notable people

12.1 Arts, literature and music 12.2 Films, TV & Radio 12.3 Academics, science, business and engineering 12.4 Politics, religion and law 12.5 Sports

13 International relations

13.1 Twin towns 13.2 List of twin towns

14 Notes 15 References 16 Bibliography 17 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Derby Origins[edit]

The tower of Derby
Derby
Cathedral.[3]

View of Derby Cathedral
Derby Cathedral
Facing Clock Tower

The Roman camp of 'Derventio' was probably at Little Chester/Chester Green (grid reference SK353375), the site of the old Roman fort. Later the town was one of the 'Five Boroughs' (fortified towns) of the Danelaw, until it was captured by Lady Aethelflaed of Mercia in July 917, subsequent to which the town was annexed into the Kingdom of Mercia.[4] The Viking
Viking
name Djúra-bý, recorded in Old English as Deoraby, means "Village of the Deer". This popular belief is asserted by Tim Lambert who states, "The name Derby
Derby
is derived from the Danish words deor by meaning deer settlement."[5] However the origin of the name "Derby" would seem to be elusive: some say it is a corruption of the original Roman name 'Derventio': pronunciation of the letter 'v' as 'b', hence Derbentio, hence Derby, whilst others claim the name could be linked with the river Derwent which flows through the city, in that Derby
Derby
could be a shortened version of Derwent by, meaning "Derwent settlement". Another possible origin comes from Celtic because "Derwent" means "a valley thick with oaks".[6] The town name appears, nevertheless, as 'Darby' or 'Darbye' in early maps, such as that of Speed (1610).[citation needed] Modern research (2004) into the history and archaeology of Derby
Derby
has provided evidence that the Vikings and Anglo-Saxons probably co-existed, occupying two areas of land surrounded by water. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
(c. 900) says that " Derby
Derby
is divided by water". These areas of land were known as Norþworþig ("Northworthy", = "north enclosure") and Deoraby, and were at the "Irongate" (north) side of Derby.[7] 16th – 18th centuries[edit] During the Civil War of 1642–1646, Derby
Derby
was garrisoned by Parliamentary troops commanded by Sir John Gell, 1st Baronet, who was appointed Governor of Derby
Derby
in 1643. These troops took part in the defence of nearby Nottingham, the Siege of Lichfield, the Battle of Hopton Heath and many other engagements in Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire and Cheshire, as well as successfully defending Derbyshire
Derbyshire
against Royalist
Royalist
armies. A hundred years later, Bonnie Prince Charlie set up camp at Derby
Derby
on 4 December 1745, whilst on his way south to seize the British crown. The prince called at The George Inn on Irongate, where the Duke of Devonshire had set up his headquarters, and demanded billets for his 9,000 troops.

Statue of Bonnie Prince Charlie on Cathedral Green

He stayed at Exeter
Exeter
House, Full Street where he held his "council of war". A replica of the room is on display at Derby
Derby
Museum in the city centre. He had received misleading information about an army coming to meet him south of Derby. Although he wished to continue with his quest, he was over-ruled by his fellow officers. He abandoned his invasion at Swarkestone Bridge
Swarkestone Bridge
on the River Trent
River Trent
just a few miles south of Derby. As a testament to his belief in his cause, the prince – who on the march from Scotland
Scotland
had walked at the front of the column – made the return journey on horseback at the rear of the bedraggled and tired army. Industrial Revolution[edit] Derby
Derby
and Derbyshire
Derbyshire
were among the centres of Britain's Industrial Revolution. In 1717, Derby
Derby
was the site of the first water-powered silk mill in Britain, built by John Lombe
John Lombe
and George Sorocold, after Lombe had reputedly stolen the secrets of silk-throwing from Piedmont in Italy (he is alleged to have been poisoned by the Piedmontese as revenge in 1722).[citation needed] In 1759, Jedediah Strutt
Jedediah Strutt
patented and built a machine called the Derby Rib Attachment[8] that revolutionised the manufacture of hose. This attachment was used on the Rev. Lee's Framework Knitting Machine; it was placed in front of – and worked in unison with – Lee's Frame, to produce ribbed hose (stockings). The partners were Jedediah Strutt, William Woollatt (who had been joined in 1758 by John Bloodworth and Thomas Stafford, all leading hosiers in Derby). The patent was obtained in January 1759. After three years, Bloodworth and Stafford were paid off, and Samuel Need – a hosier of Nottingham
Nottingham
– joined the partnership. The firm was known as Need, Strutt and Woollatt. The patent expired in 1773,[8] though the partnership continued until 1781 when Need died.

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1801 14,695 —    

1851 48,506 +230.1%

1901 118,469 +144.2%

1921 142,824 +20.6%

1941 167,321 +17.2%

1951 181,423 +8.4%

1961 199,578 +10.0%

1971 219,558 +10.0%

1981 214,424 −2.3%

1991 225,296 +5.1%

2001 221,716 −1.6%

2011 248,700 +12.2%

[9]

Messrs Wright, the bankers of Nottingham, recommended that Richard Arkwright apply to Strutt and Need for finance for his cotton spinning mill. The first mill opened in Nottingham
Nottingham
in 1770 and was driven by horses. In 1771 Richard Arkwright, Samuel Need and Jedediah Strutt built the world's first commercially successful water-powered cotton spinning mill at Cromford, Derbyshire, developing a form of power that was to be a catalyst for the Industrial Revolution.[10][11][12] This was followed in Derbyshire
Derbyshire
by Jedediah Strutt's cotton spinning mills at Belper. They were: South Mill, the first, 1775; North Mill, 1784, which was destroyed by fire on 12 January 1803 and then rebuilt; it started work again at the end of 1804; West Mill, 1792, commenced working 1796; Reeling Mill, 1897; Round Mill, which took 10 years to build, from 1803 to 1813, and commenced working in 1816; and Milford Mills, 1778. The Belper
Belper
and Milford mills were not built in partnership with Arkwright. These mills were all Strutt owned and financed. Other notable 18th-century figures with connections to Derby
Derby
include the painter Joseph Wright, known as Wright of Derby, who was known for his innovative use of light in his paintings and was an associate of the Royal Academy; and John Whitehurst, a clockmaker and philosopher. Erasmus Darwin, doctor, scientist, philosopher and grandfather of Charles Darwin, whose practice was based in Lichfield, Staffordshire was a frequent visitor to Derby, having founded the Derby Philosophical Society. Derby's place in the country's philosophical and political life continued with Henry Hutchinson who was an active member of the Fabian Society. On his death in 1894, he left the society an amount in his will which was instrumental in founding the London School of Economics [13] The beginning of nineteenth century saw Derby
Derby
emerging as an engineering centre with manufacturers such as James Fox, who exported machine tools to Russia. In 1840, the North Midland Railway
North Midland Railway
set up its works in Derby
Derby
and, when it merged with the Midland Counties Railway
Midland Counties Railway
and the Birmingham
Birmingham
and Derby
Derby
Junction Railway, to form the Midland Railway, Derby
Derby
became its headquarters. The connection with the railway encouraged others, notably Andrew Handyside, Charles Fox and his son Francis Fox. A permanent military presence was established in the city with the completion of Normanton Barracks
Normanton Barracks
in 1877.[14] Derby
Derby
was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, and it became a county borough with the Local Government Act 1888. The borough expanded in 1877 to include Little Chester
Little Chester
and Litchurch, and then in 1890 to include New Normanton and Rowditch. The borough did not increase substantially again until 1968, when under a recommendation of the Local Government Boundary Commission it was expanded into large parts of the rural district of Belper, Repton and South East Derbyshire. This vastly increased Derby's population from 132,408 in the 1961 census to 219,578 in the 1971 census.[15]

Derby Silk Mill
Derby Silk Mill
is part of the Derwent Valley Mills
Derwent Valley Mills
World Heritage Site

Despite being one of the areas of Britain furthest from the sea, Derby holds a special place in the history of marine safety – it was as MP for Derby
Derby
that Samuel Plimsoll
Samuel Plimsoll
introduced his bills for a 'Plimsoll line' (and other marine safety measures). This failed on first introduction, but was successful in 1876 and contributed to Plimsoll's re-election as an MP. 20th century to present day[edit] An industrial boom began in Derby
Derby
when Rolls-Royce opened a car and aircraft factory in the town in 1907. In 1923, the Midland Railway became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway
London, Midland and Scottish Railway
with headquarters in London. However, Derby
Derby
remained a major rail manufacturing centre, second only to Crewe and Wolverton. Moreover, it remained a design and development centre and in the 'thirties, on the direction of Lord Stamp, the LMS Scientific Research Laboratory
LMS Scientific Research Laboratory
was opened on London Road.[citation needed] In 1911 the Derby
Derby
Wireless Club was formed by a group of local engineers and experimenters. It was to be the first radio or 'wireless club' in the country.[16][17] In World War I, Derby
Derby
was targeted by German Zeppelin
Zeppelin
air bombers, who killed five people in a 1916 raid on the town.[18] All Saints Church was designated as a cathedral in 1927, signalling that the town was ready for city status.[19] Slum clearance in the 1920s and 1930s saw the central area of Derby become less heavily populated as families were rehoused on new council estates in the suburbs, where houses for private sale were also constructed. Rehousing, council house building and private housing developments continued on a large scale for some 30 years after the end of World War II in 1945.[5] Production and repair work continued at the railway works. In December 1947 the Locomotive Works unveiled Britain's first mainline passenger diesel-electric locomotive – "Number 10000". In 1958 production switched over to diesel locomotives completely. Meanwhile, the Carriage & Wagon Works were building the first of the Diesel Multiple Units which were to take over many of the services. In 1964 the British Rail Research Division
British Rail Research Division
opened to study all aspects of railway engineering from first principles. Its first success was in drastically improving the reliability and speed of goods trains, work which led to the development of the Advanced Passenger Train. Derby
Derby
was awarded city status on 7 June 1977 by Queen Elizabeth II to mark the 25th anniversary of her ascension to the throne.[20] The Queen presented the "charter scroll" or 'letters patent' in person on 28 July 1977 on the steps of the Council House to the then Mayor Councillor Jeffrey Tillet (Conservative).[21] Until then, Derby
Derby
had been one of the few towns in England
England
with a cathedral but not city status. Derby
Derby
holds an important position in the history of the Labour movement, because it was one of two seats (the other being Keir Hardie's in Merthyr Tydfil) gained by the recently formed Labour Representation Committee at the 1900 general election. The MP was Richard Bell, General Secretary of the Railway Servants Union. Bell was succeeded in 1910 by Jimmy Thomas and he in turn by the distinguished polymath and Nobel Laureate
Nobel Laureate
Philip Noel-Baker in 1936.

Representation of The Derby Ram
The Derby Ram
in East Street

Despite its strategic industries (rail and aero-engine), Derby suffered comparatively little damage in both world wars (contrast Bristol
Bristol
and Filton). This may in part have been due to the jamming against the German radio-beam navigations systems (X-Verfahren and Knickebein, camouflage and decoy techniques ('Starfish sites') were built, mainly south of the town, e.g. out in fields near Foremark (ref. Kirk, Felix & Bartnik, 2002, see talk; see also[22]). Derby
Derby
has also become a significant cultural centre for the deaf community in Britain. Many deaf people move to Derby
Derby
because of its strong sign language-using community. It is estimated that the deaf population in Derby
Derby
is at least three times higher than the national average, and that only London has a larger deaf population. The Royal School for the Deaf on Ashbourne Road provides education in British Sign Language and English. City emblem[edit] Derby's emblem is the Derby
Derby
Ram, about which there is a folk song entitled "The Derby
Derby
Ram". It is found in a number of places, most notably serving as the nickname of Derby County
Derby County
F.C.. The logo of the City Council's services is a stylised ram. Government[edit] Local government[edit] See also: Derby
Derby
local elections By traditional definitions, Derby
Derby
is the county town of Derbyshire, although Derbyshire's administrative centre has in recent years been Matlock. On 1 April 1997 Derby City Council
Derby City Council
became again a unitary authority (a status it had held, as a county borough, up until 1974), with the rest of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
administered from Matlock. On 7 July 2014, Derby's first ever youth mayor (Belal Butt) was elected. Derby
Derby
is split into 17 wards.[23]

Ward Areas within the ward

Abbey Stockbrook and Normanton (part of)

Allestree Allestree
Allestree
and Markeaton Park

Alvaston Alvaston, Crewton, Litchurch, Pride Park, Wilmorton
Wilmorton
and Allenton (Part of)

Arboretum City Centre, Pear Tree and Rose Hill

Blagreaves Sunny Hill and Littleover
Littleover
(part of)

Boulton Boulton and Allenton (part of)

Chaddesden Chaddesden
Chaddesden
(older part of)

Chellaston Chellaston
Chellaston
and Shelton Lock

Darley Darley Abbey, Five Lamps, Little Chester
Little Chester
(also known as Chester Green), Strutt's Park, Six Streets and West End

Derwent Breadsall Hilltop
Breadsall Hilltop
and Chaddesden
Chaddesden
(newer part of)

Littleover Littleover
Littleover
(most of) and Heatherton Village

Mackworth Mackworth and Morley Estate

Mickleover Mickleover

Normanton Normanton (most of) and Austin Estate

Oakwood Oakwood and Chaddesden
Chaddesden
(part of)

Sinfin Sinfin, Osmaston and Stenson Fields
Stenson Fields
(part of)

Spondon Spondon

UK Parliament[edit] Derby
Derby
was a single United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Parliamentary constituency represented by two members of parliament until 1950, when it was divided into the single-member constituencies of Derby
Derby
North and Derby South. National HQ[edit] The Rail Accident Investigation Branch
Rail Accident Investigation Branch
has its headquarters in The Wharf, a facility in Derby.[24] RAIB has one of its two operational centres in Derby.[25][26] Geography[edit] Derby
Derby
is situated in a relatively low-lying area along the lower valley of the River Derwent and lies between the lowlands and valley of the River Trent
River Trent
to the south, and the south east foothills of the Pennines
Pennines
to the north. The city is bordered by four national character areas which include the Trent Valley Washlands to the south, the Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and Yorkshire Coalfields in the east, the South Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Claylands in the west, and the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Peak Fringe in the north. Most of the flat plains surrounding Derby
Derby
lie in the Trent Valley Washlands and South Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Claylands while the hillier northern parts of the city lie within the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Peak Fringe and the Coalfields.[27] Derby
Derby
Urban Area[edit] Further information: Derby
Derby
Built-up area The Office of National Statistics
Office of National Statistics
have defined an urban area for Derby which consists of the city itself, as well as outlying suburbs and villages in surrounding districts. Green Belt[edit] Main article: Nottingham
Nottingham
and Derby
Derby
Green Belt Derby
Derby
has a green belt area defined to the north and east of the city, first drawn up in the 1950s, to prevent convergence with the surrounding towns and villages. It extends for several miles into the counties of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and Nottinghamshire, covering much of the area up to Nottingham. Nearby settlements[edit]

Neighbouring towns and villages

Buxton, Bakewell, Glossop, Manchester Duffield, Belper, Matlock Ilkeston, Heanor, Eastwood, Alfreton, Swanwick Clay Cross, Ripley, Mansfield, Chesterfield, Sheffield

Ashbourne, Uttoxeter, Stoke on Trent

Derby

Nottingham, Borrowash, Breaston, Long Eaton, Beeston, Ockbrook

Burton on Trent, Lichfield, Birmingham Swadlincote, Castle Donington, Melbourne, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Coventry Kegworth, Loughborough, Leicester

Industry[edit] Derby's two biggest employers, Rolls-Royce plc
Rolls-Royce plc
and the Toyota Motor Corporation are engaged in engineering manufacturing. Other companies of note include railway systems engineering firm Bombardier Transportation who manufacture railway rolling stock at the Derby Carriage and Wagon Works, HeroTSC, who deal with much of Sky's telephone support, and Alstom
Alstom
who manufacture large power plant boilers and heat exchangers. Derby
Derby
was for many years a railway centre, being the former headquarters of the Midland Railway, with both British Rail
British Rail
workshops and research facilities in the town. Although much less important than in years gone by, limited train manufacture still continues in Derby and Derby railway station
Derby railway station
retains an important position in the railway network. The city is favoured as a site for a national railway centre.[28] From 1922 Sinfin
Sinfin
Lane was the home of the 62-acre (250,000 m2) site of International Combustion, originally manufacturers of machinery for the automatic delivery of pulverised fuel to furnaces and boilers, and later producing steam-generating boilers for use in electrical generating plant such as used in power stations. In the 1990s the firm was bought by Rolls-Royce plc
Rolls-Royce plc
and then sold on again to ABB Group.[29] Derby
Derby
was the home of Core Design (originally based on Ashbourne Road), who developed the successful video game Tomb Raider. When Derby's inner ring road was completed in 2010, a section of it was named ' Lara Croft
Lara Croft
Way' after the game's heroine Lara Croft. One of Derby's longest-established businesses is Royal Crown Derby, which has been producing porcelain since the 1750s. The Midlands Co-operative Society, a predecessor of Central England Co-operative, traced its origins to Derby
Derby
Co-operative Provident Society which, in 1854, was one of the first co-operatives in the region. Infinity Park Derby
Derby
is a planned business park for aerospace, rail and automotive technology adjacent to the Rolls-Royce site in Sinfin. In December 2014, the government announced that the park would gain enterprise zone status by being added to Nottingham
Nottingham
Enterprise Zone.[30] Climate[edit]

Watnall, Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
(17.6 kilometres (11 mi) from Derby)

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    61     7 1

    47     7 1

    50     10 3

    54     13 4

    52     16 7

    63     19 10

    58     21 12

    62     21 12

    59     18 10

    71     14 7

    66     9 4

    69     7 2

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source: Met Office[31]

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    2.4     44 34

    1.9     45 34

    1.9     49 37

    2.1     55 40

    2     61 45

    2.5     66 50

    2.3     70 54

    2.4     70 54

    2.3     64 50

    2.8     57 45

    2.6     49 39

    2.7     44 35

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

Under the Köppen climatic classification, Derby, in spite of its distance to large bodies of water, has an oceanic climate along with the rest of the British Isles. The readings are from the closest station available in Watnall, Nottinghamshire, but climate tends to be very similar between stations and cities in the region, although the Watnall
Watnall
station is located at a somewhat higher elevation, 17 kilometres (11 mi) to the north.[32] Landmarks[edit] Derby Cathedral
Derby Cathedral
tower is 212 feet (65 metres) tall to the tip of the pinnacles. This has been home to a pair of breeding peregrine falcons since 2006.[33] Four webcams monitor the falcons here.[34] Derby Gaol
Derby Gaol
is a visitor attraction based in the dungeons of the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
County Gaol which dates back to 1756. Derby Industrial Museum
Derby Industrial Museum
is situated in Derby Silk Mill
Derby Silk Mill
and shows the industrial heritage and technological achievement of Derby, including Rolls-Royce aero engines, railways, mining, quarrying and foundries. The Silk Mill stands at the southern end of the 24 km (15 mi) stretch of the River Derwent designated a World Heritage Site in 2001.

Pickford's House Museum

Pickford's House Museum
Pickford's House Museum
was built by architect Joseph Pickford
Joseph Pickford
in 1770. It was his home and business headquarters. Derby
Derby
Museum and Art Gallery shows paintings by Joseph Wright, as well as fine Royal Crown Derby
Derby
porcelain, natural history, local regiments and archaeology. Pickford also designed St Helen's House in King Street. The skyline of the inner city changed in 1968 when the inner ring road with its two new crossings of the River Derwent was built. The route of the ring road went through the St. Alkmund's Church and its Georgian churchyard, the only Georgian square in Derby. Both were demolished to make way for the road, a move still criticised today. Thus the editor (Elizabeth Williamson) of the 2nd edition of Pevsner for Derbyshire
Derbyshire
wrote: '...the character and cohesion of the centre has been completely altered by the replacement of a large number of C18 houses in the centre by a multi-lane road. As a traffic scheme this road is said to be a triumph; as townscape it is a disaster.' Places of interest[edit]

Derby
Derby
Guildhall, symbolic seat of local government, today serves primarily as a 240-seat theatre. It was built after the previous hall was destroyed by fire in 1841.

Cathedral Quarter Darley Abbey Derby
Derby
Arboretum Derby
Derby
Canal Derby
Derby
Cathedral Derby
Derby
Museum and Art Gallery Derby Industrial Museum
Derby Industrial Museum
(Silk Mill) St Mary's Church, Derby Derby Friargate Station
Derby Friargate Station
(of which all that remains is Handyside's bridge and the bridge across Friargate) Pride Park
Pride Park
Stadium ( Derby County
Derby County
F.C.) and its predecessor the Baseball Ground
Baseball Ground
(now demolished) River Derwent St Helen's House, Derby Derby
Derby
Catacombs Intu shopping centre Saint Benedict Catholic School and Performing Arts College secondary school Royal Crown Derby
Royal Crown Derby
Museum and Factory Tour Pickford's House Museum

Transport[edit] Roads[edit]

Mercian Way, looking across Abbey Street towards Uttoxeter
Uttoxeter
New Road

The city has extensive transport links with other areas of the country. The M1 motorway
M1 motorway
passes about ten miles (16 km) to the east of the city, linking Derby
Derby
southwards to the London area and northwards to Sheffield
Sheffield
and Leeds. Other major roads passing through or near Derby
Derby
include the A6 (historically the main route from London to Carlisle, also linking to Leicester
Leicester
and Manchester), A38 ( Bodmin
Bodmin
to Mansfield
Mansfield
via Bristol
Bristol
and Birmingham), A50 ( Warrington
Warrington
to Leicester via Stoke-on-Trent), A52 ( Newcastle-under-Lyme
Newcastle-under-Lyme
to Mablethorpe, including Brian Clough
Brian Clough
Way linking Derby
Derby
to Nottingham) and A61 (Derby to Thirsk
Thirsk
via Sheffield
Sheffield
and Leeds). On 16 March 2011, Mercian Way, the final section of the city's inner ring road, was opened to traffic.[35] This new section connects Burton Road with Uttoxeter
Uttoxeter
New Road, and crosses Abbey Street. Abbey Street is the only road between the two ends from which Mercian Way can be accessed. Bold Lane
Bold Lane
Car Park in Derby
Derby
has been cited as one of the ten most secure places in the world.[36] Railways[edit]

Derby
Derby
railway station

Derby
Derby
has been served by railways since 1840 with the opening of the North Midland Railway
North Midland Railway
to Leeds, with a route to London via Rugby provided by the Birmingham
Birmingham
and Derby
Derby
Junction Railway. At the same time, a route to Nottingham
Nottingham
and Leicester
Leicester
was opened by the Midland Counties Railway. In 1844, these three companies merged to form the Midland Railway
Midland Railway
who subsequently opened a direct route to London St Pancras station. The present day station, Derby
Derby
Midland is on the same site as 1840 and the original platform visibly forms the sub-structure of the modern Platform 1. The Midland Railway
Midland Railway
frontage was replaced in 1985, and during 2008 and 2009 the 1950s concrete platform canopies were replaced with steel and glass structures.

Central train service Derby
Derby
to Crewe

Derby
Derby
station is operated by East Midlands
East Midlands
Trains and the city is served by expresses to London, the North East and South West, provided by East Midlands
East Midlands
Trains and CrossCountry. There also remain local stations at Peartree and Spondon, although services are limited, especially at the former. The Great Northern Railway's " Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and North Staffordshire Extension" formerly ran through Derby
Derby
Friargate Station, from Colwick and Nottingham
Nottingham
to Egginton
Egginton
Junction. After closure, part of the route west of Derby
Derby
was used by British Rail
British Rail
as a test track. Today, the trackbed either side of Derby
Derby
is blocked only by road development and has been converted to a Sustrans
Sustrans
cycle track. The ornate cast iron bridge by Andrew Handyside across Friargate is still in place, as is his bridge over the river. Railway engineering[edit]

Annual dinner of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers held in the carriage works of the Midland Railway
Midland Railway
at Derby
Derby
in 1898. Samuel Johnson, the railway's Chief Mechanical Engineer was the institution president.

As a consequence of the Midland Railway
Midland Railway
basing their headquarters in Derby, along with their Locomotive and Carriage & Wagon Works, the railways had been a major influence on the development of the town during the Victorian period. However, as described above, during the 20th century, railway manufacturing developed elsewhere, while in Derby
Derby
the emphasis shifted to other industries. Even though it had pioneered the introduction of diesel locomotives, new production finished in 1966. Repair work gradually diminished until, finally the locomotive works closed, the land being redeveloped as Pride Park. The only buildings remaining are those visible from Platform 6 of the station. The Carriage and Wagon Works continues to build trains under Bombardier Transportation. The Railway Technical Centre continues to house railway businesses, including the headquarters of DeltaRail Group, formerly the British Rail
British Rail
Research Division. Air[edit] East Midlands
East Midlands
Airport is situated about fifteen miles (24 km) from Derby
Derby
city centre. Its proximity to Derby, the fact that the airport is in Leicestershire, and the traditional rivalry between the three cities (Derby, Leicester
Leicester
and Nottingham), meant that there was controversy concerning the airport's decision to prefix its name with Nottingham
Nottingham
in 2004. In 2006, Nottingham
Nottingham
East Midlands
East Midlands
Airport reverted to its previous name. The airport is served by budget airlines, including Ryanair
Ryanair
and Jet2, with services to domestic and European destinations. Derby
Derby
Airfield, located approximately 7 miles (11 km) southwest of the city centre has grass runways targeted at general aviation. Bus and coach[edit]

A Derby
Derby
Corporation trolleybus in Victoria Street, Derby, in 1967. The Derby
Derby
trolleybus system closed on 9 September 1967.

Derby's former bus station was an art deco design by borough architect C.H. Aslin. Built in 1933, it was closed in 2005 and later demolished, despite the protests of environmentalists and conservationists. The unique cafe building is planned to be rebuilt at Crich Tramway Museum. After the closure of the old bus station, services used temporary stops on streets around the Morledge area until a new bus station, built on the old site as part of the Riverlights development, was opened on Sunday 28 March 2010. Most services in Derby
Derby
now terminate at the bus station. The new bus station has 29 bays, 5 for coaches and 24 for general bus services. First, the concourse area where passengers board and alight was completed. The remainder of the building has been developed as a Holiday Inn
Holiday Inn
and a Hilton Hotel as well as a convenience store which opened in late 2010. Local bus services in and around Derby
Derby
are run by a number of companies, but principally Trent Barton
Trent Barton
and Arriva Midlands. The city is on National Express' London to Manchester
Manchester
and Yorkshire to the South West routes. Between 1932 and 1967, Derby
Derby
Corporation operated the Derby
Derby
trolleybus system. The last trolleybus ran on 9 September 1967. Several Derby vehicles have been preserved at Sandtoft and the East Anglia Transport Museum. Culture, entertainment and sport[edit] Music[edit] In rock music, the blues singer-songwriter Kevin Coyne
Kevin Coyne
came from Derby, as does the three piece rock band LostAlone, and indie/glam rock band The Struts. The ska punk band Lightyear also hail from the city, naming their second album Chris Gentlemens Hairdresser and Railway Book Shop after a shop in Macklin Street. The pop band White Town is from Derby, and their video "Your Woman" features scenes from the city centre. Derby
Derby
band The Beekeepers were signed to Beggars Banquet Records between 1993-1998. Singer Jamie East
Jamie East
later went on to create entertainment website Holy Moly and present Big Brother's Bit on the Side One of Derby's bands is Anti-Pasti, whose debut 1981 album The Last Call reached the top 40 in the UK album charts. The band reformed in 2012 and again with altered line up in 2014. Sinfonia Viva is a chamber orchestra based in Derby, presenting concerts and educational events in the city, across the East Midlands, and occasionally further afield.[37] A full-scale programme of orchestral and other concerts was presented by Derby
Derby
LIVE at the Assembly Rooms, though this is currently closed following fire damage in March 2014; performances continue to take place at the smaller Guildhall Theatre, and in Derby
Derby
Cathedral. The amateur classical music scene includes two choral societies, Derby Bach Choir and Derby
Derby
Choral Union; smaller choirs including the Derwent Singers and Sitwell Singers; and Derby
Derby
Concert Orchestra. Derby
Derby
Chamber Music presents an annual series of chamber music concerts at Derby
Derby
University's Multifaith Centre. A series of organ recitals is presented every summer at Derby
Derby
Cathedral.[38] The folk-music scene includes the annual Derby
Derby
Folk Festival. Other music venues in the city include The Venue on Abbey Street, The Hairy Dog on Becket Street, Ryans Bar in the St Peters Quarter, The Flowerpot on King's Street, and The Victoria Inn. The VoiceBox, a converted former industrial building near the centre of Derby, is a performance, teaching and rehearsal venue for a range of vocal and choral music. Theatre and arts[edit] After a lengthy period of financial uncertainty, Derby
Derby
Playhouse closed in February 2008. It was resurrected in September of that year after a new financing package was put together but forced to close again just two months later because of further financial problems. The lease was later bought by Derby University
Derby University
and the building was renamed Derby
Derby
Theatre. Along with the Assembly Rooms and Guildhall Theatre, it was operated by Derby
Derby
LIVE, the cultural arm of Derby
Derby
City Council. In 2012 Derby University
Derby University
took over as sole operator of Derby Theatre; Sarah Brigham was appointed Artistic Director, and has been in post since January 2013. QUAD is a centre for art and film which opened in 2008. The building has two cinema screens showing independent and mainstream cinema, two gallery spaces housing contemporary visual arts, a digital studio, participation spaces, digital editing suites, artists studio and the BFI Mediatheque. QUAD organises the annual Derby
Derby
Film Festival, and the FORMAT international photography festival, held every two years at various venues throughout the city. The Robert Ludlam Theatre, on the campus of Saint Benedict Catholic School and Performing Arts College, is a 270-seat venue with a programme of entertainment including dance, drama, art, music, theatre in the round, comedy, films, family entertainment, rock and pop events and workshops. The theatre company Oddsocks is based in Derby
Derby
and stages productions in the city and the surrounding area, as well as travelling the country.[39] Déda, established in 1991, is the only dedicated dance house in the East Midlands
East Midlands
region, acting as a local, regional and national resource for dance and aerial artists and contemporary circus. Déda houses a 124 capacity studio theatre, three dance studios, meeting room facilities and the CUBE café bar. It offers a weekly class programme and a year-round professional performance programme for children, young people and adults, and a community development programme. Déda now hosts a BA degree in Dance in partnership with the University of Derby.[40] Derby
Derby
Book Festival, first held in 2015, takes place in June, with events throughout the city.[41] Derby
Derby
Festé[42] is a weekend street arts festival held at the end of September every year. The first Six Streets Arts trail was in June 2012,[43] took place again in 2013 and will now be a biennial event. It includes strong input from the local History Network [44] which was awarded a Heritage Lottery grant to pursue its work on marking the 100th anniversary of World War 1. John Dexter the theatre director and the actor Alan Bates
Alan Bates
were from Derby. John Osborne
John Osborne
wrote his play Look Back in Anger
Look Back in Anger
in 1956 while living in Derby
Derby
and working at Derby
Derby
Playhouse[45] Sport[edit]

Pride Park
Pride Park
Stadium

Derby
Derby
gained a high profile in sport following the appointment of Brian Clough
Brian Clough
as manager of Derby County F.C.
Derby County F.C.
in 1967. Promotion to the Football League First Division was achieved in 1969, and County were champions of the English league three years later. Following Clough's resignation in 1973, his successor Dave Mackay
Dave Mackay
guided Derby County
Derby County
to another league title in 1975, but this remains to date the club's last major trophy; relegation followed in 1980 and top flight status was not regained until 1987, since then Derby
Derby
have spent a total of 11 seasons (1987–1991, 1996–2002, 2007–2008) in the top flight.[46] Other former managers of the club include Arthur Cox, Jim Smith, John Gregory and George Burley. Former players include Colin Todd, Roy McFarland (who both later had brief and unsuccessful stints as manager at the club), Dave Mackay, Peter Shilton, Dean Saunders, Craig Short, Marco Gabbiadini, Horacio Carbonari, Steve Bloomer
Steve Bloomer
and Tom Huddlestone. The club's most recent spell as a top division (FA Premier League) club ended in May 2008 after just one season, during which the club won just one out of 38 league games and finished with just 11 points, the lowest in the history of the Premier League.[citation needed] The club moved from its century-old Baseball Ground in 1997 to the new Pride Park
Pride Park
Stadium.[46] There are three senior non-league football clubs based in the city. Mickleover
Mickleover
Sports play at Station Road, Mickleover
Mickleover
and are members of the EvoStik Northern Premier League
Premier League
(the seventh level of the English football league system). Graham Street Prims and Borrowash
Borrowash
Victoria are both members of the East Midlands
East Midlands
Counties League (level ten) and play on adjacent grounds at the Asterdale complex in Spondon. Derbyshire
Derbyshire
County Cricket Club are based at the County Ground in Derby and play almost all home matches there, although matches at Chesterfield
Chesterfield
were re-introduced in 2006. One of the designated first class county sides, they have won the County Championship
County Championship
once, in 1936. Derby
Derby
has clubs in both codes of rugby. In rugby union, Derby RFC play in Midlands Division One East (the sixth level of English rugby union) at their Haslams Lane ground. Rugby league
Rugby league
team Derby City RLFC were formed in 1990 and compete in the Midlands Premier Division of the National Rugby League Conference. From 2008 they are ground sharing with Derby RFC at Haslams Lane. The city is represented in the English Basketball League
English Basketball League
Division One by Derby
Derby
Trailblazers, who play at the Moorways Sports Centre. They were formed in 2002 following the demise of British Basketball League side Derby
Derby
Storm.

Derby
Derby
born Melissa Reid

Team Derby, based at Derby
Derby
Arena, won the inaugural National Badminton League title in 2014–15. The Arena, opened in 2015, also contains a velodrome that has hosted the Revolution cycling series. Local industrialist Francis Ley
Francis Ley
introduced baseball to the town in the late 19th century, and built a stadium near the town centre. The attempt to establish baseball in Derby
Derby
was unsuccessful, but the stadium survived for some 100 years afterwards as the home of Derby County Football Club. It was demolished in 2003, six years after County's move to Pride Park. Professional golfer Melissa Reid
Melissa Reid
was born in Derby
Derby
in 1987. She plays on the Ladies European Tour,[47] and was a member of the victorious European Team in the 2011 Solheim Cup. Arthur Keily
Arthur Keily
the marathon runner and Olympian was born in Derbyshire in 1921 and has lived his whole life in Derby. In Rome in 1960 he broke the English Olympic record, recording a time of 2 hours 27 mins.[48][49] Recreation[edit]

The restored Grove Street Lodge and "Grand Entrance" at the northern end of the Arboretum

Derby
Derby
Arboretum, donated to the town by local philanthropist Joseph Strutt in 1840, was the first planned urban public park in the country. Although it suffered from neglect in the 1990s, it has been renovated. It has been claimed to have been one of the inspirations for Central Park
Central Park
in New York.[50] Markeaton Park
Markeaton Park
is Derby's most used leisure facility.[51] Other major parks in the city include Allestree
Allestree
Park, Darley Park, Chaddesden Park, Alvaston
Alvaston
Park, Normanton Park and Osmaston Park. Derby
Derby
is believed to be one of the country's highest, if not the highest, ranking cities for parkland per capita. Darley and Derwent Parks lie immediately north of the city centre and are home to owls, kingfishers and other wildlife.[citation needed] Derby
Derby
Rowing Club and Derwent Rowing Club are located on the banks of the river, where is also a riverside walk and cycle path. There are four museums: Derby
Derby
Museum and Art Gallery; Pickford's House Museum; The Silk Mill and The Royal Crown Derby
Royal Crown Derby
Museum. Shopping and nightlife[edit]

Ye Olde Dolphin Inne

Shopping in central Derby
Derby
is divided into three main areas. These are the Cathedral Quarter, the St Peters Quarter and the Intu Derby shopping centre. The Cathedral Quarter was Derby's first BID (Business Improvement District), and includes a large range of shops, boutiques, coffee shops and restaurants. It is focused around the Cathedral and the area around Irongate and Sadler Gate. It includes the Market place, the Guildhall and Assembly rooms along with the City Museum and the Silk Mill industrial museum. The St Peters Quarter is Derby's second Business Improvement district brought into effect in the summer of 2011. Its boundary with the Cathedral Quarter follows Victoria Street, beneath which flows the underground course of the Markeaton Brook. The quarter boasts a diverse range of retail shops many of them, in Green Lane, Babington Lane, Osmaston Road and elsewhere, independent traders. St Peters Street, London Road and East Street also includes a large choice of National retailers along with pubs, restaurants, banks and offices. The quarter includes the historic St Peters Church and, on St Peter's Churchyard, the medieval Derby School
Derby School
building. Nearby also is the Old Courthouse and several other notable buildings. At the eastern end of the quarter is the bus station along with the Hilton Hotel and Holiday Inn, part of the Riverlights Development on the banks of the Derwent. Intu Derby
Intu Derby
is the city's main indoor shopping centre. It opened in 2007 as Westfield Derby
Derby
after extension work costing £340 million, subsequently being sold to Intu in March 2014.[52] It contains a food court and a 12-screen cinema (Showcase – Cinema De Lux) which was opened in May 2008. The development was controversial and local opponents accuse it of drawing trade away from the older parts of the city centre where independent shops are located. Some of these experienced a downturn in trade and some have ceased trading since the development opened leading to the "Lanes" project which eventually became the second BID and the formation of St Peters Quarter. In the centre itself, a combination of high rents and rising rates have made things difficult for smaller traders.[53] The Friar Gate area contains clubs and bars, making it the centre of Derby's nightlife. Derby
Derby
is also well provided with pubs and is renowned for its large amount of real ale outlets. The oldest pub is the Grade II listed Ye Olde Dolphin Inne, dating from the late 16th century.[54] Out of town shopping areas include the Kingsway Retail Park, off the A38; the Wyvern Retail Park, near Pride Park; and the Meteor Centre, on Mansfield
Mansfield
Road. Education[edit] See also: List of schools in Derby Like most of the UK, Derby
Derby
operates a non-selective primary and secondary education system with no middle schools. Pupils attend infant and junior school (often in a combined primary school) before moving onto a secondary school. Many of the secondary schools have sixth forms, allowing pupils to optionally take A Levels after the end of compulsory education. For those who want to stay in education but leave school, the large Derby College
Derby College
provides post-16 courses for school leavers, apprentices and employer related training. It has two main campuses the Joseph Wright Centre in the centre of Derby, where its A Level
A Level
courses are based. And the historical Derby
Derby
Roundhouse which is the college's vocational training hub, providing a centre for apprenticeships such as engineering, catering and hair & beauty. The college also works in partnership with schools across the county to provide vocational training opportunities for students aged 14 upwards. Training for companies is undertaken through its Corporate College. Inside the state sector, there are 15 secondary schools. These are; Allestree
Allestree
Woodlands School, Bemrose School, Chellaston
Chellaston
Academy, City of Derby
Derby
Academy, da Vinci Community College, Derby
Derby
Manufacturing UTC, Derby
Derby
Moor Academy, Derby
Derby
Pride Academy, Landau Forte College, Lees Brook Community School, Littleover
Littleover
Community School, Merrill Academy, Murray Park School, Noel-Baker School, Saint Benedict Catholic Voluntary Academy and West Park School. Outside the state sector, there are three fee-paying independent schools. Derby Grammar School was founded in 1994 and was for boys only, until 2007, when they accepted girls into the sixth form for the first time. They aim to continue the work and traditions of the former Derby
Derby
School, which closed in 1989, one of the oldest schools in England.[citation needed] Derby
Derby
High School is for girls-only for senior and sixth form and for girls and boys at primary level. Derby
Derby
has special needs establishments including Ivy House School located at the Derby
Derby
Moor Community Sports College (which takes pupils from nursery to sixth form) and the Light House which is a respite facility for children and parents. Allestree
Allestree
Woodlands School have a Hearing Impaired department, and Saint Benedict have an Enhanced Resource Base for pupils to access specialised support within mainstream schooling. There also a number of alternative provision schools, including Derby
Derby
Pride Academy. The University of Derby
University of Derby
has its main campus on Kedleston Road. There is another campus in north Derbyshire
Derbyshire
at Buxton. In 2003 the University of Nottingham
Nottingham
opened a graduate entry medical school based at Royal Derby
Derby
Hospital. The university also has its School of Nursing and Midwifery located there, having moved from its former home at London Road Community Hospital
London Road Community Hospital
in mid-2012. Media[edit] The Derby Telegraph
Derby Telegraph
(formerly the Derby
Derby
Evening Telegraph) is the city's daily newspaper. Crime writer Richard Cox set his first book around his own experience as a Derby Telegraph
Derby Telegraph
reporter in the 1970s.[55] The Derby Trader was a free weekly newspaper which is no longer in print. A local edition of the daily national freesheet Metro is distributed in the city centre every morning, although this only has a very small amount of local content.[citation needed] BBC
BBC
Radio Derby, the BBC's local station for Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and East Staffordshire, is based on St. Helen's Street in the city and offers local, national and international news, features, music and sports commentaries. It is available on 104.5 FM and 1116 AM, on 95.3 FM in North and Mid Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and on 96.0 FM in the Buxton
Buxton
area, as well as being streamed on the internet. The BBC
BBC
in Derby
Derby
have their own local website for the area which provides news, travel and weather information, as well as other features. Capital East Midlands, is the biggest commercial radio station in the city, broadcasting to Derby
Derby
on 102.8 FM from the transmitter at Drum Hill, just outside the city. It broadcasts a Contemporary Hit Radio (CHR) format, with Top 40 chart hits aimed at the city's under 35s. Notable people[edit] Arts, literature and music[edit]

Samuel Richardson
Samuel Richardson
(1689–1761), writer [56] and [57] printer William John Coffee (1774–1846), artist and sculptor, [58] worked in porcelain, plaster, and terra cotta Joseph Wright of Derby
Joseph Wright of Derby
(1734–1797), landscape [59] and portrait painter John Raphael Smith
John Raphael Smith
(1751–1812) painter [60] and mezzotint engraver, son of Thomas Smith William Billingsley (1758–1828) painter of porcelain, [61] founded Nantgarw Pottery John Emes
John Emes
(1762–1810) engraver [62] and water-colour painter Elizabeth Bridget Pigot
Elizabeth Bridget Pigot
(1783–1866) correspondent, [63] friend and biographic source for Lord Byron Henry Lark Pratt
Henry Lark Pratt
(1805–1873) painter [64] who trained in the porcelain industry John Haslem (1808–1884) china [65] and enamel painter Henry Britton (1843–1938), journalist [66] in colonial Australia Charles Rann Kennedy (1871-1950) Anglo-American [67] dramatist. Ernest Townsend
Ernest Townsend
(1880–1944) portrait [68] artist Marion Adnams
Marion Adnams
(1898-1995), painter, printmaker, and draughtswoman.[69] Ralph Downes (1904–1993), organist, [70] designer of the organ in the Royal Festival Hall, London Norah, Lady Docker
Norah, Lady Docker
(1906–1983) socialite, [71] was said to be gracelessly gaudy Ronald Binge (1910–1979), composer [72] and arranger of light music Eric Malpass (1910–1996), novelist, [73] wrote humorous and witty descriptions of rural family life Denny Dennis
Denny Dennis
(1913–1993), romantic vocalist [74] when British dance bands were at the peak of their popularity. John Dexter (1925–1990), theatre, [75] opera and film director. Michael Rayner (1932–2015) opera singer, [76] baritone roles of the Savoy Operas
Savoy Operas
with the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company Richard Turner (born 1940), also known as Turneramon, an artist and poet Anton Rippon (born 1944), journalist, author and publisher Kevin Coyne
Kevin Coyne
(1944–2004), musician, [77] film-maker and writer Stephen Marley (born 1946), author [78] and video game designer of Chia Black Dragon
Chia Black Dragon
series. Peter Hammill
Peter Hammill
(born 1948), singer-songwriter [79] and founder of rock band Van der Graaf Generator Stephen Layton (born 1966), choral conductor [80] founded the choir Polyphony in 1986 Duncan Lloyd, (born c. 1980) guitarist [81] and singer Jessica Garlick (born 1981), singer, [82] was born in Derby Lucy Ward (born 1989), folk musician [83] and songwriter Youngman, (born c. 1990) MC [84] and vocalist Dubzy
Dubzy
(born 1991) grime music MC & entrepreneur [85] raised in Derby Drumsound & Bassline Smith, (formed 1998) electronic group [86]

Films, TV & Radio[edit]

Ted Moult
Ted Moult
(1926-1986), farmer [87] and TV personality Patricia Greene (born 1931), radio actress, [88] long-standing role as matriarch Jill Archer in The Archers Alan Bates
Alan Bates
(1934–2003), actor, [89] in 1969 he co-starred in the Ken Russell film Women in Love Michael Knowles, ((born 1937) actor, [90] played Capt. Jonathan Ashwood in the 1970s sitcom It Ain't Half Hot Mum Gwen Taylor (born 1939), actress, [91] played Amy Pearce in the sitcom Duty Free Judith Hann (born 1942) presented BBC's Tomorrow's World between 1974 and 1994 Kevin Lloyd (1949–1998) actor, [92] played DC Alfred "Tosh" Lines in The Bill John Tams
John Tams
(born 1949), actor, [93] singer, songwriter, composer and musician Stuart Varney
Stuart Varney
(born 1949) economic Journalist [94] for Fox News Channel Richard Felix (born 1949) paranormal investigator [95] from Stanley appeared on Sky Living
Sky Living
Most Haunted
Most Haunted
series. Terry Lloyd (1952–2003), TV journalist [96] unlawfully killed in Iraq by US Marines Maxwell Caulfield
Maxwell Caulfield
(born 1959), English-American [97] film, stage, and television actor, based in the USA. Michael Socha (born 1987), actor, [98] roles in the films This Is England
England
and Summer Jack O'Connell (born 1990), actor, [99] propensity for playing angry, troubled youth Lauren Socha
Lauren Socha
(born 1990), actor, played Kelly Bailey [100] in E4's television series Misfits

Academics, science, business and engineering[edit]

John Flamsteed
John Flamsteed
(1646–1719), astronomer, [101] the first Astronomer Royal, he catalogued over 3000 stars George Sorocold
George Sorocold
(c. 1668 – c. 1738) engineer and architect, designed Lombe's Mill John Lombe
John Lombe
(1693–1722), silk spinner in the 18th century Derby, created Lombe's Mill John Whitehurst (1713–1788), clockmaker [102] and scientist, early contributions to geology, member of the Lunar Society William Hutton (1723–1815) historian, [103] poet and bookseller Jedediah Strutt
Jedediah Strutt
(1726–1797), hosier and cotton spinner, [104] developed the production of ribbed stockings Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
(1731–1802), physician [105] and philosopher [106] Henry Cavendish
Henry Cavendish
(1731–1810), scientist, [107] experimental and theoretical chemist and physicist, discovered hydrogen John Mawe
John Mawe
(1764–1829) practical mineralogist, [108] with his wife Sarah Mawe James Fox (1780–1830), engineer, [109] machine tool maker Edward Blore
Edward Blore
(1787–1879) landscape [110] and architectural artist, architect and antiquary William George Spencer
William George Spencer
(1790–1866) schoolmaster, [111] tutor and mathematical writer; Derby
Derby
Philosophical Society Andrew Handyside (1806–1887), iron founder, [112] created The Handyside Postbox Sir Charles Fox (1810–1874) civil engineer [113] and contractor, focusing on railways, railway stations and bridges. Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
(1820–1910), pioneer [114] of modern nursing Herbert Spencer
Herbert Spencer
(1820–1903), philosopher, [115] biologist, anthropologist, sociologist, and classical liberal political theorist Parkin Jeffcock
Parkin Jeffcock
(1829–1866), mining engineer, [116] died trying to rescue miners Sir William de Wiveleslie Abney
William de Wiveleslie Abney
KCB, FRS (1843–1920) astronomer, [117] chemist, photographer, described the Abney effect Sir Henry Royce
Henry Royce
(1863–1933), co-founder [118] of Rolls-Royce Gordon Pask
Gordon Pask
(1928–1996) author, inventor, [119] educational theorist, cybernetician and psychologist Sir Nigel Rudd (born 1946), industrialist [120] founded Williams Holdings Prof John Loughhead
John Loughhead
OBE FREng FIMechE FIET (born 1948) businessman, [121] Chief Scientific Adviser to BEIS John Smith (born 1957) the Chief Executive Officer [122] of BBC Worldwide Melvyn Morris CBE (born c. 1957) businessman, [123] owns Derby
Derby
County F.C., made his money from Candy Crush Saga Karl Slym (1962–2014) businessman, [124] managing director of Tata Motors 2012 / 2014

Politics, religion and law[edit]

Joan Waste
Joan Waste
(1534–1556), a blind woman [125] who was burned in Derby for refusing to renounce her Protestant faith John Cotton (1585–1652) English and American Puritan divine, [126] sometimes called The Patriarch of New England Samuel Bourn the Elder (1648–1719) dissenting minister, [127] his theology was Calvinistic Thomas Bott (1688–1754) cleric [128] of the Church of England, known as a controversialist Daniel Coke
Daniel Coke
(1745–1825), barrister [129] and MP for Derby
Derby
1776 / 1780 and Nottingham
Nottingham
1780 / 1812 Alleyne FitzHerbert, 1st Baron St Helens
Alleyne FitzHerbert, 1st Baron St Helens
(1753–1839), diplomat, [130] eponym of Mount St. Helens Sir Charles John Crompton (1797–1865), justice [131] of the queen's bench William Mundy (1801–1877) son of Francis Mundy, MP [132] for South Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and High Sheriff of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
in 1844 Samuel Plimsoll
Samuel Plimsoll
(1825–98), politician, [133] Liberal MP for Derby, inventor of the Plimsoll line, 'The Sailors Friend' Sir Henry Wilmot (1831–1901), Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
recipient, [134] MP for South Derbyshire
Derbyshire
1869 / 1885 Robert Humpston
Robert Humpston
VC (1832–1884) recipient [135] of the Victoria Cross for gallantry during the Crimean War Walter Weston
Walter Weston
(1860–1940) clergyman [136] and Anglican missionary, popularized mountaineering in Japan Alice Wheeldon
Alice Wheeldon
(1866–1919) pacifist [137] and anti-war campaigner. Jacob Rivers
Jacob Rivers
VC (1881–1915) recipient [138] of the Victoria Cross for action in WW1 Alfred Waterson (1880–1964) Labour and Co-operative MP [139] for Kettering 1918 / 1922 Brigadier Charles Hudson VC, CB, DSO & Bar, MC (1892 - 1959), British Army
British Army
Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
[140] recipient Freda Bedi
Freda Bedi
(1911–1977), social worker, [141] writer and Gelongma, ordained in Tibetan Buddhism Geoffrey Lane, Baron Lane
Geoffrey Lane, Baron Lane
AFC, PC, QC (1918–2005) Judge [142] who served as Lord Chief Justice 1980 / 1992 Chris Moncrieff CBE (born 1931) parliamentary journalist, [143] political editor of the Press Association1980 / 1994 Dame Margaret Beckett
Margaret Beckett
DBE MP (born 1943) Labour Party politician, MP for Derby
Derby
South since 1983 Dafydd Wigley
Dafydd Wigley
(born 1943), Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
MP [144] for Caernarfon 1974 / 2001 Bob Laxton (born 1944) Labour Party politician, [145] MP for Derby North 1997 / 2010 Geoff Hoon
Geoff Hoon
(born 1953), Labour politician, [146] MP for Ashfield
Ashfield
1992 / 2010 Helen Clark (born 1954) politician, [147] Labour MP for Peterborough 1997 / 2005 Chris Williamson (born 1956) Labour politician, MP for Derby
Derby
North 2010 / 2015 and again since 2017

Sports[edit]

Tom Johnson (c. 1750 – 1797) was a bare-knuckle fighter Steve Bloomer
Steve Bloomer
(1874–1938), footballer [148] and manager, played for Derby County
Derby County
and Middlesbrough
Middlesbrough
F.C, 598 pro appearances Charlie Hudson (1874 - 1958), pigeon racer,[149] winner of the Rome- England
England
champion race in 1913 with The King of Rome Reg Parnell
Reg Parnell
(1911–1964), racing driver [150] and team manager Louis Martin (1936-2015), weightlifter, Olympic silver medallist, 1964 Sir Dave Brailsford
Dave Brailsford
(born 1964), cycling administrator, [151] currently team Sky Max Sciandri
Max Sciandri
(born 1967), Professional cyclist [152] and Olympic medallist Rufus Brevett (born 1969), Footballer, [153] nearly 500 pro appearances Steve Holland (born 1970), former professional footballer, football coach for Crewe Alexandra and Chelsea Colin Osborne (born 1975), PDC darts player [154] Donna Kellogg MBE (born 1978) badminton player, [155] competed in the 2004 and 2008 Summer Olympics Chris Riggott
Chris Riggott
(born 1980), footballer, [156] over 200 pro appearances Bobby Hassell (born 1980), footballer, [157] over 380 pro appearances Damien Walters (born 1982), stuntman, [158] gymnast and free runner Chris Palmer (born 1983), footballer [159] over 230 pro appearances Melissa Reid
Melissa Reid
(born 1987), golfer [160] Jamaal Lascelles
Jamaal Lascelles
(born 1993) footballer, [161] captain of Newcastle United F.C.

International relations[edit]

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Twin towns[edit] Derby
Derby
is twinned with Osnabrück
Osnabrück
in Germany. The partnership treaty between the two cities was signed on 17 February 1976.[162] The twinning agreement with Derby
Derby
was in the historical Hall of Peace in Osnabrück's Rathaus (town hall). Every year, Derby
Derby
and Osnabrück each appoint an envoy who spends twelve months in the twin city. The envoy promotes the exchange of ideas between the two cities and acts as an educational and information officer to increase awareness of the twinning scheme. The envoy gives talks to local societies and schools, finds pen friends and short term host families during work placements, works to assist groups who want to get involved in twinning by identifying and approaching possible counterparts and plans the annual mayweek trip. There is an annual exchange between the wind bands of John Port School, Etwall and its twin school Gymnasium Melle in Melle, Germany, District of Osnabrücker Land. An exchange was established in 2009 between Allestree
Allestree
Woodlands School, and the Gymnasium Angelaschule in Osnabrück. This exchange was originally based on a drama-project of both schools in June 2009, which contained performances in both cities with over 1600 visitors. It is now a language and culture exchange between the two schools, run by the German department at Allestree Woodlands School. The exchange of envoys between two cities is very unusual. The envoy in Osnabrück
Osnabrück
changes every year and Osnabrück
Osnabrück
also sends envoys to Derby, Angers and Çanakkale. No other city in Germany
Germany
participates in this exchange of envoys, and in Britain, only one other town, Wigan, receives and sends an envoy. In 2014, Derby
Derby
became a sister-city with the Palestinian city of Hebron.[163] List of twin towns[edit]

Osnabrück, Germany Kapurthala, India
India
(friendship link) Haarlem, Netherlands
Netherlands
(friendship link) Foncquevillers, France
France
(friendship link) Toyota City, Japan Changzhi, People's Republic of China
China
(Memorandum of Understanding) Keene, New Hampshire
Keene, New Hampshire
( Keene State College
Keene State College
student exchange programme)

Notes[edit]

^ Matlock is generally considered the county town since the relocation of the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
County Council headquarters there in 1956.

References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Derby External links[edit]

England
England
portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Derby.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Derby.

Derby City Council
Derby City Council
website

v t e

Derby

History

Timeline of Derby Derventio Coritanorum

Geography

River Derwent Markeaton Brook

Politics

Derby
Derby
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Derby
North constituency Derby
Derby
South constituency Mid Derbyshire
Derbyshire
constituency

Venues and attractions

Derby
Derby
Theatre Quad Pride Park
Pride Park
Stadium County Cricket Ground Derby
Derby
Arena Derby
Derby
Museum and Art Gallery Derby
Derby
Silk Mill Pickford's House Museum Royal Crown Derby Derby
Derby
Gaol Derby
Derby
Arboretum Intu Derby Cathedral Quarter

Transport

Derby
Derby
railway station Peartree railway station Spondon
Spondon
railway station Derby
Derby
bus station

Education and health

University of Derby Derby
Derby
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Hospital London Road Community Hospital

Religion

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Sport

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F.C. Derbyshire
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County Cricket Club Derby
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Media

BBC
BBC
Radio Derby Derby
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Telegraph

v t e

Ceremonial county of Derbyshire

Unitary authorities

Derby

Boroughs or districts

Amber Valley Bolsover Chesterfield Derbyshire Dales Erewash High Peak North East Derbyshire South Derbyshire

Major settlements

Alfreton Ashbourne Bakewell Belper Bolsover Buxton Chapel-en-le-Frith Chesterfield Clay Cross Darley Dale Derby Dronfield Eckington Glossop Hadfield Heanor Ilkeston Killamarsh Langley Mill Long Eaton Matlock Melbourne New Mills Newhall Ripley Sandiacre Shirebrook Staveley Swadlincote Whaley Bridge Wirksworth See also: List of civil parishes in Derbyshire

Rivers

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Topics

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v t e

Districts of the East Midlands
East Midlands
region of England

Derbyshire

Amber Valley Bolsover Chesterfield Derby Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Dales Erewash High Peak North East Derbyshire South Derbyshire

Leicestershire

Blaby Charnwood Harborough Hinckley and Bosworth Leicester Melton North West Leicestershire Oadby and Wigston

Lincolnshire

Boston East Lindsey Lincoln North Kesteven South Holland South Kesteven West Lindsey

Nottinghamshire

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Northamptonshire

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Rutland

Rutland

v t e

Cities of the United Kingdom

England

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v t e

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Districts

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Cheshire
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Cheshire
West and Chester Cornwall County Durham Darlington Derby East Riding of Yorkshire Halton Hartlepool Herefordshire Isle of Wight Kingston upon Hull Leicester Luton Medway Middlesbrough Milton Keynes North East Lincolnshire North Lincolnshire North Somerset Northumberland Nottingham Peterborough Plymouth Poole Portsmouth Reading Redcar and Cleveland Rutland Shropshire Slough Southampton Southend-on-Sea South Gloucestershire Stockton-on-Tees Stoke-on-Trent Swindon Telford and Wrekin Thurrock Torbay Warrington West Berkshire Wiltshire Windsor and Maidenhead Wokingham York

Councils

Bath and North East Somerset Bedford Blackburn with Darwen Blackpool Bournemouth Bracknell Forest Brighton and Hove Bristol Central Bedfordshire Cheshire
Cheshire
East Cheshire
Cheshire
West and Chester Cornwall Derby Durham Darlington East Riding of Yorkshire Halton Hartlepool Herefordshire Isle of Wight Kingston upon Hull Leicester Luton Medway Middlesbrough Milton Keynes North East Lincolnshire North Lincolnshire North Somerset Northumberland Nottingham Peterborough Plymouth Poole Portsmouth Reading Redcar and Cleveland Rutland Shropshire Slough Southampton Southend-on-Sea South Gloucestershire Stockton-on-Tees Stoke-on-Trent Swindon Telford and Wrekin Thurrock Torbay Warrington West Berkshire Wiltshire Windsor and Maidenhead Wokingham York

Local elections

Bath and North East Somerset Bedford Blackburn with Darwen Blackpool Bournemouth Bracknell Forest Brighton and Hove Bristol Central Bedfordshire Cheshire
Cheshire
East Cheshire
Cheshire
West and Chester Cornwall County Durham Darlington Derby East Riding of Yorkshire Halton Hartlepool Herefordshire Isle of Wight Kingston upon Hull Leicester Luton Medway Middlesbrough Milton Keynes North East Lincolnshire North Lincolnshire North Somerset Northumberland Nottingham Peterborough Plymouth Poole Portsmouth Reading Redcar and Cleveland Rutland Shropshire Slough Southampton Southend-on-Sea South Gloucestershire Stockton-on-Tees Stoke-on-Trent Swindon Telford and Wrekin Thurrock Torbay Warrington West Berkshire Wiltshire Windsor and Maidenhead Wokingham York

Coordinates: 52°55′24″N 1°28′35″W / 52.92333°N 1.47639°W /

.