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DERBY (/ˈdɑːrbi/ ( listen ) DAR-bee ) is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire
Derbyshire
, England. It lies on the banks of the River Derwent in the south of Derbyshire, of which it was traditionally the county town . At the 2011 census , the population was 248,700. Derby
Derby
gained city status in 1977.

Derby
Derby
was settled by Romans – who established the town of Derventio – Saxons and Vikings, who made Derby
Derby
one of the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw . Initially a market town , Derby
Derby
grew rapidly in the industrial era. Home to Lombe\'s Mill , an early British factory, Derby
Derby
has a claim to be one of the birthplaces of the Industrial Revolution . It contains the southern part of the Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage Site. With the arrival of the railways in the 19th century, Derby
Derby
became a centre of the British rail industry .

Derby
Derby
is a centre for advanced transport manufacturing, home to the world’s second largest aero-engine manufacturer, Rolls-Royce , and Derby Litchurch Lane Works , for many years the UK's only train manufacturer. Toyota Manufacturing UK
Toyota Manufacturing UK
's automobile headquarters is south west of the city at Burnaston .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Origins * 1.2 16th – 18th centuries * 1.3 Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
* 1.4 20th century to present day

* 2 Government

* 2.1 Local government * 2.2 UK Parliament * 2.3 National HQ

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Derby
Derby
Urban Area * 3.2 Nearby settlements

* 4 Industry * 5 Climate

* 6 Landmarks

* 6.1 Places of interest

* 7 Transport

* 7.1 Roads * 7.2 Railways * 7.3 Railway engineering * 7.4 Air * 7.5 Bus and coach

* 8 Culture, entertainment and sport

* 8.1 Music * 8.2 Theatre and arts * 8.3 Sport * 8.4 Recreation

* 9 Shopping and nightlife * 10 Education * 11 Media * 12 City emblem * 13 Notable people * 14 Notable Animals

* 15 International relations

* 15.1 Twin towns * 15.2 List of twin towns

* 16 Notes * 17 References * 18 Bibliography * 19 External links

HISTORY

See also: Timeline of Derby

ORIGINS

The tower of Derby Cathedral
Derby Cathedral
. View of Derby
Derby
Cathedral Facing Clock Tower

The Roman camp of 'Derventio ' was probably at Little Chester / Chester
Chester
Green (grid reference SK353375), the site of the old Roman fort. Later the town was one of the 'Five Boroughs ' (fortified towns) of the Danelaw , until it was captured by Lady Aethelflaed of Mercia in July 917, subsequent to which the town was annexed into the Kingdom of Mercia.

The Viking
Viking
name Djúra-bý, recorded in Old English as Deoraby, means "Village of the Deer". This popular belief is asserted by Tim Lambert who states, "The name Derby
Derby
is derived from the Danish words deor by meaning deer settlement."

However the origin of the name "Derby" would seem to be elusive: some say it is a corruption of the original Roman name 'Derventio': pronunciation of the letter 'v' as 'b', hence Derbentio, hence Derby, whilst others claim the name could be linked with the river Derwent which flows through the city, in that Derby
Derby
could be a shortened version of Derwent by, meaning "Derwent settlement". Another possible origin comes from Celtic because "Derwent" means "a valley thick with oaks".

The town name appears, nevertheless, as 'Darby' or 'Darbye' in early maps, such as that of Speed (1610).

Modern research (2004) into the history and archaeology of Derby
Derby
has provided evidence that the Vikings and Anglo-Saxons probably co-existed, occupying two areas of land surrounded by water. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
(c. 900) says that " Derby
Derby
is divided by water". These areas of land were known as Norþworþig ("Northworthy", = "north enclosure") and Deoraby, and were at the "Irongate" (north) side of Derby.

16TH – 18TH CENTURIES

During the Civil War of 1642–1646, Derby
Derby
was garrisoned by Parliamentary troops commanded by Sir John Gell, 1st Baronet , who was appointed Governor of Derby
Derby
in 1643. These troops took part in the defence of nearby Nottingham
Nottingham
, the Siege of Lichfield
Lichfield
, the Battle of Hopton Heath and many other engagements in Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
, Staffordshire and Cheshire
Cheshire
, as well as successfully defending Derbyshire
Derbyshire
against Royalist armies.

A hundred years later, Bonnie Prince Charlie set up camp at Derby
Derby
on 4 December 1745, whilst on his way south to seize the British crown. The prince called at The George Inn on Irongate, where the Duke of Devonshire had set up his headquarters, and demanded billets for his 9,000 troops. Statue of Bonnie Prince Charlie on Cathedral Green

He stayed at Exeter House , Full Street where he held his "council of war ". A replica of the room is on display at Derby
Derby
Museum in the city centre. He had received misleading information about an army coming to meet him south of Derby. Although he wished to continue with his quest, he was over-ruled by his fellow officers. He abandoned his invasion at Swarkestone Bridge
Swarkestone Bridge
on the River Trent just a few miles south of Derby. As a testament to his belief in his cause, the prince – who on the march from Scotland
Scotland
had walked at the front of the column – made the return journey on horseback at the rear of the bedraggled and tired army.

INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

Derby
Derby
and Derbyshire
Derbyshire
were among the centres of Britain's Industrial Revolution . In 1717, Derby
Derby
was the site of the first water-powered silk mill in Britain, built by John Lombe
John Lombe
and George Sorocold , after Lombe had reputedly stolen the secrets of silk-throwing from Piedmont in Italy (he is alleged to have been poisoned by the Piedmontese as revenge in 1722).

In 1759, Jedediah Strutt patented and built a machine called the Derby
Derby
Rib Attachment that revolutionised the manufacture of hose. This attachment was used on the Rev. Lee's Framework Knitting Machine; it was placed in front of – and worked in unison with – Lee's Frame, to produce ribbed hose (stockings). The partners were Jedediah Strutt, William Woollatt (who had been joined in 1758 by John Bloodworth and Thomas Stafford, all leading hosiers in Derby). The patent was obtained in January 1759. After three years, Bloodworth and Stafford were paid off, and Samuel Need – a hosier of Nottingham
Nottingham
– joined the partnership. The firm was known as Need, Strutt and Woollatt. The patent expired in 1773, though the partnership continued until 1781 when Need died.

HISTORICAL POPULATION

YEAR POP. ±%

1801 14,695 —

1851 48,506 +230.1%

1901 118,469 +144.2%

1921 142,824 +20.6%

1941 167,321 +17.2%

1951 181,423 +8.4%

1961 199,578 +10.0%

1971 219,558 +10.0%

1981 214,424 −2.3%

1991 225,296 +5.1%

2001 221,716 −1.6%

2011 248,700 +12.2%

Messrs Wright, the bankers of Nottingham, recommended that Richard Arkwright apply to Strutt and Need for finance for his cotton spinning mill. The first mill opened in Nottingham
Nottingham
in 1770 and was driven by horses. In 1771 Richard Arkwright, Samuel Need and Jedediah Strutt built the world's first commercially successful water-powered cotton spinning mill at Cromford , Derbyshire, developing a form of power that was to be a catalyst for the Industrial Revolution.

This was followed in Derbyshire
Derbyshire
by Jedediah Strutt's cotton spinning mills at Belper
Belper
. They were: South Mill, the first, 1775; North Mill, 1784, which was destroyed by fire on 12 January 1803 and then rebuilt; it started work again at the end of 1804; West Mill, 1792, commenced working 1796; Reeling Mill, 1897; Round Mill, which took 10 years to build, from 1803 to 1813, and commenced working in 1816; and Milford Mills, 1778. The Belper
Belper
and Milford mills were not built in partnership with Arkwright. These mills were all Strutt owned and financed.

Other notable 18th-century figures with connections to Derby
Derby
include the painter Joseph Wright , known as Wright of Derby, who was known for his innovative use of light in his paintings and was an associate of the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
; and John Whitehurst
John Whitehurst
, a clockmaker and philosopher. Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
, doctor, scientist, philosopher and grandfather of Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
, whose practice was based in Lichfield , Staffordshire was a frequent visitor to Derby, having founded the Derby Philosophical Society .

The beginning of the next century saw Derby
Derby
emerging as an engineering centre with manufacturers such as James Fox , who exported machine tools to Russia.

In 1840, the North Midland Railway set up its works in Derby
Derby
and, when it merged with the Midland Counties Railway
Midland Counties Railway
and the Birmingham and Derby
Derby
Junction Railway , to form the Midland Railway
Midland Railway
, Derby became its headquarters.

The connection with the railway encouraged others, notably Andrew Handyside , Charles Fox and his son Francis Fox .

A permanent military presence was established in the city with the completion of Normanton Barracks in 1877.

Derby
Derby
was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 , and it became a county borough with the Local Government Act 1888 . The borough expanded in 1877 to include Little Chester and Litchurch , and then in 1890 to include New Normanton and Rowditch. The borough did not increase substantially again until 1968, when under a recommendation of the Local Government Boundary Commission it was expanded into large parts of the rural district of Belper
Belper
, Repton and South East Derbyshire
Derbyshire
. This vastly increased Derby's population from 132,408 in the 1961 census to 219,578 in the 1971 census. Derby Silk Mill is part of the Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage Site

Despite being one of the areas of Britain furthest from the sea , Derby
Derby
holds a special place in the history of marine safety – it was as MP for Derby
Derby
that Samuel Plimsoll introduced his bills for a ' Plimsoll line ' (and other marine safety measures). This failed on first introduction, but was successful in 1876 and contributed to Plimsoll's re-election as an MP.

20TH CENTURY TO PRESENT DAY

An industrial boom began in Derby
Derby
when Rolls-Royce opened a car and aircraft factory in the town in 1907. In 1923, the Midland Railway became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway
London, Midland and Scottish Railway
with headquarters in London. However, Derby
Derby
remained a major rail manufacturing centre, second only to Crewe and Wolverton . Moreover, it remained a design and development centre and in the 'thirties, on the direction of Lord Stamp , the LMS Scientific Research Laboratory was opened on London Road.

In 1911 the Derby
Derby
Wireless Club was formed by a group of local engineers and experimenters. It was to be the first radio or 'wireless club' in the country.

In World War I, Derby
Derby
was targeted by German Zeppelin
Zeppelin
air bombers, who killed five people in a 1916 raid on the town.

All Saints Church was designated as a cathedral in 1927, signalling that the town was ready for city status.

Slum clearance in the 1920s and 1930s saw the central area of Derby become less heavily populated as families were rehoused on new council estates in the suburbs, where houses for private sale were also constructed. Rehousing, council house building and private housing developments continued on a large scale for some 30 years after the end of World War II in 1945.

Production and repair work continued at the railway works. In December 1947 the Locomotive Works unveiled Britain's first mainline passenger diesel-electric locomotive – "Number 10000" . In 1958 production switched over to diesel locomotives completely. Meanwhile, the Carriage and Wagon Works were building the first of the Diesel Multiple Units which were to take over many of the services.

In 1964 the British Rail Research Division opened to study all aspects of railway engineering from first principles. Its first success was in drastically improving the reliability and speed of goods trains, work which led to the development of the Advanced Passenger Train .

Derby
Derby
was awarded city status on 7 June 1977 by Queen Elizabeth II to mark the 25th anniversary of her ascension to the throne . The Queen presented the "charter scroll" or 'letters patent' in person on 28 July 1977 on the steps of the Council House to the then Mayor Councillor Jeffrey Tillet (Conservative). Until then, Derby
Derby
had been one of the few towns in England
England
with a cathedral but not city status.

Derby
Derby
holds an important position in the history of the Labour movement , because it was one of two seats (the other being Keir Hardie 's in Merthyr Tydfil ) gained by the recently formed Labour Representation Committee at the 1900 general election. The MP was Richard Bell , General Secretary of the Railway Servants Union . Bell was succeeded in 1910 by Jimmy Thomas and he in turn by the distinguished polymath and Nobel Laureate Philip Noel-Baker in 1936.

Despite its strategic industries (rail and aero-engine ), Derby suffered comparatively little damage in both world wars (contrast Bristol
Bristol
and Filton
Filton
). This may in part have been due to the jamming against the German radio-beam navigations systems (X-Verfahren and Knickebein , camouflage and decoy techniques ('Starfish sites ') were built, mainly south of the town, e.g. out in fields near Foremark (ref. Kirk, Felix see also ).

Derby
Derby
has also become a significant cultural centre for the deaf community in Britain. Many deaf people move to Derby
Derby
because of its strong sign language -using community. It is estimated that the deaf population in Derby
Derby
is at least three times higher than the national average, and that only London has a larger deaf population. The Royal School for the Deaf on Ashbourne Road provides education in British Sign Language and English.

GOVERNMENT

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

See also: Derby local elections

By traditional definitions, Derby
Derby
is the county town of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
, although Derbyshire's administrative centre has in recent years been Matlock . On 1 April 1997 Derby City Council became again a unitary authority (a status it had held, as a county borough , up until 1974), with the rest of Derbyshire
Derbyshire
administered from Matlock. On 7 July 2014, Derby's first ever youth mayor (Belal Butt) was elected. Derby
Derby
is split into 17 wards.

WARD AREAS WITHIN THE WARD

Abbey Stockbrook and Normanton (part of)

Allestree Allestree
Allestree
and Markeaton Park

Alvaston Alvaston
Alvaston
, Crewton , Litchurch , Pride Park
Pride Park
, Wilmorton and Allenton (Part of)

Arboretum City Centre, Pear Tree and Rose Hill

Blagreaves Sunny Hill and Littleover (part of)

Boulton Boulton and Allenton (part of)

Chaddesden Chaddesden (older part of)

Chellaston Chellaston and Shelton Lock

Darley Darley Abbey
Darley Abbey
, Five Lamps, Little Chester (also known as Chester Green), Strutt's Park, Six Streets and West End

Derwent Breadsall Hilltop and Chaddesden (newer part of)

Littleover Littleover (most of) and Heatherton Village

Mackworth Mackworth and Morley Estate

Mickleover Mickleover

Normanton Normanton (most of) and Austin Estate

Oakwood Oakwood and Chaddesden (part of)

Sinfin Sinfin
Sinfin
, Osmaston and Stenson Fields (part of)

Spondon Spondon

UK PARLIAMENT

Derby
Derby
was a single United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Parliamentary constituency represented by two members of parliament until 1950, when it was divided into the single-member constituencies of Derby
Derby
North and Derby South .

NATIONAL HQ

The Rail Accident Investigation Branch
Rail Accident Investigation Branch
has its headquarters in The Wharf, a facility in Derby. RAIB has one of its two operational centres in Derby.

GEOGRAPHY

Derby
Derby
is situated in a relatively low-lying area along the lower valley of the River Derwent and lies between the lowlands and valley of the River Trent to the south, and the south east foothills of the Pennines to the north which extend to the Peak District National Park further on. The city is bordered by four national character areas which include the Trent Valley Washlands to the south, the Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and Yorkshire Coalfields in the east, the South Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Claylands in the west, and the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Peak Fringe in the north. Most of the flat plains surrounding Derby
Derby
lie in the Trent Valley Washlands and South Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Claylands while the hillier northern parts of the city lie within the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Peak Fringe and the Coalfields.

DERBY URBAN AREA

Further information: Derby Built-up area

The Office of National Statistics
Office of National Statistics
have defined an urban area for Derby
Derby
which consists of the city itself, as well as outlying suburbs and villages in surrounding districts.

NEARBY SETTLEMENTS

‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

NEIGHBOURING TOWNS AND VILLAGES

Buxton , Bakewell
Bakewell
, Glossop
Glossop
, Manchester Duffield , Belper
Belper
, Matlock Ilkeston
Ilkeston
, Heanor , Eastwood , Alfreton , Swanwick Clay Cross
Clay Cross
, Ripley , Mansfield
Mansfield
, Chesterfield
Chesterfield
, Sheffield
Sheffield

Ashbourne , Uttoxeter
Uttoxeter
, Stoke on Trent

Nottingham
Nottingham
, Borrowash , Breaston
Breaston
, Long Eaton , Beeston , Ockbrook

DERBY

Burton on Trent , Lichfield
Lichfield
, Birmingham Swadlincote , Castle Donington , Melbourne , Ashby-de-la-Zouch
Ashby-de-la-Zouch
, Coventry
Coventry
Kegworth
Kegworth
, Loughborough , Leicester
Leicester

INDUSTRY

Derby's two biggest employers, Rolls-Royce plc and the Toyota Motor Corporation are engaged in engineering manufacturing. Other companies of note include railway systems engineering firm Bombardier Transportation who manufacture railway rolling stock at the Derby Carriage and Wagon Works , HeroTSC, who deal with much of Sky's telephone support, and Alstom
Alstom
who manufacture large power plant boilers and heat exchangers .

Derby
Derby
was for many years a railway centre, being the former headquarters of the Midland Railway
Midland Railway
, with both British Rail
British Rail
workshops and research facilities in the town. Although much less important than in years gone by, limited train manufacture still continues in Derby and Derby railway station
Derby railway station
retains an important position in the railway network. The city is favoured as a site for a national railway centre.

From 1922 Sinfin
Sinfin
Lane was the home of the 62-acre (250,000 m2) site of International Combustion , originally manufacturers of machinery for the automatic delivery of pulverised fuel to furnaces and boilers , and later producing steam-generating boilers for use in electrical generating plant such as used in power stations. In the 1990s the firm was bought by Rolls-Royce plc and then sold on again to ABB Group
ABB Group
.

Derby
Derby
was the home of Core Design (originally based on Ashbourne Road), who developed the successful video game Tomb Raider
Tomb Raider
. When Derby's inner ring road was completed in 2010, a section of it was named ' Lara Croft Way' after the game's heroine Lara Croft .

One of Derby's longest-established businesses is Royal Crown Derby
Royal Crown Derby
, which has been producing porcelain since the 1750s.

The Midlands Co-operative Society , a predecessor of Central England Co-operative , traced its origins to Derby
Derby
Co-operative Provident Society which, in 1854, was one of the first co-operatives in the region.

Infinity Park Derby
Derby
is a planned business park for aerospace, rail and automotive technology adjacent to the Rolls-Royce site in Sinfin. In December 2014, the government announced that the park would gain enterprise zone status by being added to Nottingham
Nottingham
Enterprise Zone .

CLIMATE

Under the Köppen climatic classification , Derby, in spite of its distance to large bodies of water, has an oceanic climate along with the rest of the British Isles
British Isles
. The readings are from the closest station available in Watnall , but climate tends to be very similar between stations and cities in the region, although the Watnall station is located at a somewhat higher elevation, 17 kilometres (11 mi) to the north.

CLIMATE DATA FOR WATNALL

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 6.6 (43.9) 7.0 (44.6) 9.7 (49.5) 12.5 (54.5) 16.1 (61) 18.9 (66) 21.3 (70.3) 21.0 (69.8) 17.9 (64.2) 13.7 (56.7) 9.7 (49.5) 6.7 (44.1) 13.42 (56.18)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 1.3 (34.3) 1.1 (34) 2.8 (37) 4.3 (39.7) 7.1 (44.8) 10.0 (50) 12.1 (53.8) 12.0 (53.6) 10.0 (50) 7.1 (44.8) 3.9 (39) 1.6 (34.9) 6.11 (42.99)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 61.2 (2.409) 47.2 (1.858) 49.5 (1.949) 53.8 (2.118) 51.8 (2.039) 62.5 (2.461) 57.6 (2.268) 62.0 (2.441) 58.6 (2.307) 71.2 (2.803) 65.7 (2.587) 68.6 (2.701) 709.4 (27.929)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS 11 10 11 10 9 9 9 9 9 11 11 12 121

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 54.7 73.2 104.2 141.0 181.6 170.6 191.1 180.1 131.2 99.4 63.7 49.2 1,440.1

Source: Met Office

LANDMARKS

Derby Cathedral
Derby Cathedral
tower is 212 feet (68.6 meters) tall to the tip of the pinnacles. This has been home to a pair of breeding peregrine falcons since 2006. Four webcams monitor the falcons here.

Derby Gaol is a visitor attraction based in the dungeons of the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
County Gaol which dates back to 1756.

Derby Industrial Museum
Derby Industrial Museum
is situated in Derby Silk Mill and shows the industrial heritage and technological achievement of Derby, including Rolls-Royce aero engines , railways, mining, quarrying and foundries . The Silk Mill stands at the southern end of the 24 km (15 mi) stretch of the River Derwent designated a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in 2001. Pickford's House Museum
Pickford's House Museum

Pickford\'s House Museum was built by architect Joseph Pickford in 1770. It was his home and business headquarters. Derby
Derby
Museum and Art Gallery shows paintings by Joseph Wright , as well as fine Royal Crown Derby
Derby
porcelain, natural history, local regiments and archaeology. Pickford also designed St Helen\'s House in King Street.

The skyline of the inner city changed in 1968 when the inner ring road with its two new crossings of the River Derwent was built. The route of the ring road went through the St. Alkmund\'s Church and its Georgian churchyard , the only Georgian square in Derby. Both were demolished to make way for the road, a move still criticised today. Thus the editor (Elizabeth Williamson) of the 2nd edition of Pevsner for Derbyshire
Derbyshire
wrote: '...the character and cohesion of the centre has been completely altered by the replacement of a large number of C18 houses in the centre by a multi-lane road. As a traffic scheme this road is said to be a triumph; as townscape it is a disaster.'

PLACES OF INTEREST

Derby
Derby
Guildhall, symbolic seat of local government, today serves primarily as a 240-seat theatre. It was built after the previous hall was destroyed by fire in 1841.

* Cathedral Quarter * Darley Abbey
Darley Abbey
* Derby Arboretum
Derby Arboretum
* Derby Canal * Derby Cathedral
Derby Cathedral
* Derby Museum and Art Gallery
Derby Museum and Art Gallery
* Derby Industrial Museum
Derby Industrial Museum
(Silk Mill) * St Mary\'s Church, Derby
Derby
* Derby Friargate Station (of which all that remains is Handyside\'s bridge and the bridge across Friargate) * iPro Stadium ( Derby County F.C.
Derby County F.C.
) and its predecessor the Baseball Ground (now demolished) * River Derwent * St Helen\'s House, Derby
Derby
* Derby Catacombs * Intu shopping centre * Saint Benedict Catholic School and Performing Arts College secondary school * Royal Crown Derby
Royal Crown Derby
Museum and Factory Tour * Pickford\'s House Museum

TRANSPORT

ROADS

Mercian Way, looking across Abbey Street towards Uttoxeter
Uttoxeter
New Road

The city has extensive transport links with other areas of the country. The M1 motorway
M1 motorway
passes about ten miles (16 km) to the east of the city, linking Derby
Derby
southwards to the London area and northwards to Sheffield
Sheffield
and Leeds
Leeds
. Other major roads passing through or near Derby
Derby
include the A6 (historically the main route from London to Carlisle , also linking to Leicester
Leicester
and Manchester
Manchester
), A38 ( Bodmin
Bodmin
to Mansfield
Mansfield
via Bristol
Bristol
and Birmingham
Birmingham
), A50 ( Warrington
Warrington
to Leicester via Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
), A52 ( Newcastle-under-Lyme to Mablethorpe
Mablethorpe
, including Brian Clough Way linking Derby
Derby
to Nottingham
Nottingham
) and A61 ( Derby
Derby
to Thirsk via Sheffield
Sheffield
and Leeds).

On 16 March 2011, Mercian Way, the final section of the city's inner ring road, was opened to traffic. This new section connects Burton Road with Uttoxeter
Uttoxeter
New Road, and crosses Abbey Street. Abbey Street is the only road between the two ends from which Mercian Way can be accessed.

Bold Lane Car Park in Derby
Derby
has been cited as one of the ten most secure places in the world.

RAILWAYS

Derby railway station
Derby railway station

Derby
Derby
has been served by railways since 1840 with the opening of the North Midland Railway to Leeds, with a route to London via Rugby provided by the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway . At the same time, a route to Nottingham
Nottingham
and Leicester
Leicester
was opened by the Midland Counties Railway . In 1844, these three companies merged to form the Midland Railway
Midland Railway
who subsequently opened a direct route to London St Pancras station . The present day station, Derby
Derby
Midland is on the same site as 1840 and the original platform visibly forms the sub-structure of the modern Platform 1. The Midland Railway
Midland Railway
frontage was replaced in 1985, and during 2008 and 2009 the 1950s concrete platform canopies were replaced with steel and glass structures.

Derby
Derby
station is operated by East Midlands Trains and the city is served by expresses to London, the North East and South West, provided by East Midlands Trains and CrossCountry
CrossCountry
. There also remain local stations at Peartree and Spondon , although services are limited, especially at the former.

The Great Northern Railway 's " Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and North Staffordshire Extension" formerly ran through Derby Friargate Station , from Colwick and Nottingham
Nottingham
to Egginton Junction. After closure, part of the route west of Derby
Derby
was used by British Rail
British Rail
as a test track. Today, the trackbed either side of Derby
Derby
is blocked only by road development and has been converted to a Sustrans cycle track. The ornate cast iron bridge by Andrew Handyside across Friargate is still in place, as is his bridge over the river.

RAILWAY ENGINEERING

Annual dinner of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers held in the carriage works of the Midland Railway
Midland Railway
at Derby
Derby
in 1898. Samuel Johnson, the railway's Chief Mechanical Engineer was the institution president.

As a consequence of the Midland Railway
Midland Railway
basing their headquarters in Derby, along with their Locomotive and Carriage and Wagon Works , the railways had been a major influence on the development of the town during the Victorian period.

However, as described above, during the 20th century, railway manufacturing developed elsewhere, while in Derby
Derby
the emphasis shifted to other industries. Even though it had pioneered the introduction of diesel locomotives, new production finished in 1966. Repair work gradually diminished until, finally the locomotive works closed, the land being redeveloped as Pride Park. The only buildings remaining are those visible from Platform 6 of the station.

The Carriage and Wagon Works continues to build trains under Bombardier Transportation . The Railway Technical Centre continues to house railway businesses, including the headquarters of DeltaRail Group , formerly the British Rail Research Division .

AIR

East Midlands Airport is situated about fifteen miles (24 km) from Derby
Derby
city centre. Its proximity to Derby, the fact that the airport is in Leicestershire
Leicestershire
, and the traditional rivalry between the three cities (Derby, Leicester
Leicester
and Nottingham), meant that there was controversy concerning the airport's decision to prefix its name with Nottingham
Nottingham
in 2004. In 2006, Nottingham
Nottingham
East Midlands Airport reverted to its previous name. The airport is served by budget airlines , including Ryanair
Ryanair
and Jet2
Jet2
, with services to domestic and European destinations.

Derby Airfield , located approximately 7 miles (11 km) southwest of the city centre has grass runways targeted at general aviation .

BUS AND COACH

A Derby
Derby
Corporation trolleybus in Victoria Street, Derby, in 1967. The Derby
Derby
trolleybus system closed on 9 September 1967.

Derby's former bus station was an art deco design by borough architect C.H. Aslin . Built in 1933, it was closed in 2005 and later demolished, despite the protests of environmentalists and conservationists. The unique cafe building is planned to be rebuilt at Crich Tramway Museum . After the closure of the old bus station, services used temporary stops on streets around the Morledge area until a new bus station, built on the old site as part of the Riverlights development, was opened on Sunday 28 March 2010. Most services in Derby
Derby
now terminate at the bus station. The new bus station has 29 bays, 5 for coaches and 24 for general bus services. First, the concourse area where passengers board and alight was completed. The remainder of the building has been developed as a Holiday Inn
Holiday Inn
and a Hilton Hotel as well as a convenience store which opened in late 2010.

Local bus services in and around Derby
Derby
are run by a number of companies, but principally Trent Barton and Arriva Midlands . The city is on National Express ' London to Manchester
Manchester
and Yorkshire to the South West routes.

Between 1932 and 1967, Derby
Derby
Corporation operated the Derby trolleybus system . The last trolleybus ran on 9 September 1967. Several Derby
Derby
vehicles have been preserved at Sandtoft and the East Anglia Transport Museum .

CULTURE, ENTERTAINMENT AND SPORT

MUSIC

In rock music, the blues singer-songwriter Kevin Coyne came from Derby, as does the three piece rock band LostAlone , and indie/glam rock band The Struts . The ska punk band Lightyear also hail from the city, naming their second album Chris Gentlemens Hairdresser and Railway Book Shop after a shop in Macklin Street.

The pop band White Town is from Derby, and their video "Your Woman" features scenes from the city centre.

Derby
Derby
band The Beekeepers were signed to Beggars Banquet Records between 1993-1998. Singer Jamie East
Jamie East
later went on to create entertainment website Holy Moly and present Big Brother\'s Bit on the Side

One of Derby's bands is Anti-Pasti , whose debut 1981 album The Last Call reached the top 40 in the UK album charts . The band reformed in 2012 and again with altered line up in 2014.

Sinfonia Viva is a chamber orchestra based in Derby, presenting concerts and educational events in the city, across the East Midlands, and occasionally further afield.

A full-scale programme of orchestral and other concerts was presented by Derby
Derby
LIVE at the Assembly Rooms, though this is currently closed following fire damage in March 2014; performances continue to take place at the smaller Guildhall Theatre, and in Derby
Derby
Cathedral. The amateur classical music scene includes two choral societies, Derby Bach Choir and Derby Choral Union ; smaller choirs including the Derwent Singers and Sitwell Singers ; and Derby
Derby
Concert Orchestra . Derby
Derby
Chamber Music presents an annual series of chamber music concerts at Derby University 's Multifaith Centre. A series of organ recitals is presented every summer at Derby Cathedral
Derby Cathedral
.

The folk-music scene includes the annual Derby
Derby
Folk Festival.

Other music venues in the city include The Venue on Abbey Street, The Hairy Dog on Becket Street, Ryans Bar in the St Peters Quarter, The Flowerpot on King's Street, and The Victoria Inn.

The VoiceBox, a converted former industrial building near the centre of Derby, is a performance, teaching and rehearsal venue for a range of vocal and choral music.

THEATRE AND ARTS

After a lengthy period of financial uncertainty, Derby
Derby
Playhouse closed in February 2008. It was resurrected in September of that year after a new financing package was put together but forced to close again just two months later because of further financial problems. The lease was later bought by Derby University and the building was renamed Derby Theatre . Along with the Assembly Rooms and Guildhall Theatre, it was operated by Derby
Derby
LIVE, the cultural arm of Derby
Derby
City Council . In 2012 Derby University took over as sole operator of Derby Theatre; Sarah Brigham was appointed Artistic Director, and has been in post since January 2013.

QUAD is a centre for art and film which opened in 2008. The building has two cinema screens showing independent and mainstream cinema, two gallery spaces housing contemporary visual arts , a digital studio, participation spaces, digital editing suites, artists studio and the BFI Mediatheque. QUAD organises the annual Derby
Derby
Film Festival, and the FORMAT international photography festival, held every two years at various venues throughout the city.

The Robert Ludlam Theatre, on the campus of Saint Benedict Catholic School and Performing Arts College , is a 270-seat venue with a programme of entertainment including dance, drama, art, music, theatre in the round , comedy, films, family entertainment, rock and pop events and workshops. The theatre company Oddsocks is based in Derby and stages productions in the city and the surrounding area, as well as travelling the country.

Déda, established in 1991, is the only dedicated dance house in the East Midlands region, acting as a local, regional and national resource for dance and aerial artists and contemporary circus. Déda houses a 124 capacity studio theatre, three dance studios, meeting room facilities and the CUBE café bar. It offers a weekly class programme and a year-round professional performance programme for children, young people and adults, and a community development programme. Déda now hosts a BA degree in Dance in partnership with the University of Derby.

Derby
Derby
Book Festival, first held in 2015, takes place in June, with events throughout the city.

Derby
Derby
Festé is a weekend street arts festival held at the end of September every year. The first Six Streets Arts trail was in June 2012, took place again in 2013 and will now be a biennial event. It includes strong input from the local History Network which was awarded a Heritage Lottery grant to pursue its work on marking the 100th anniversary of World War 1.

John Dexter the theatre director and the actor Alan Bates
Alan Bates
were from Derby. John Osborne
John Osborne
wrote his play Look Back in Anger in 1956 while living in Derby
Derby
and working at Derby Playhouse

SPORT

Pride Park
Pride Park
Stadium

Derby
Derby
gained a high profile in sport following the appointment of Brian Clough as manager of Derby County F.C.
Derby County F.C.
in 1967. Promotion to the Football League First Division was achieved in 1969, and County were champions of the English league three years later. Following Clough's resignation in 1973, his successor Dave Mackay guided Derby County
Derby County
to another league title in 1975, but this remains to date the club's last major trophy; relegation followed in 1980 and top flight status was not regained until 1987, since then Derby
Derby
have spent a total of 11 seasons (1987–1991, 1996–2002, 2007–2008) in the top flight. Other former managers of the club include Arthur Cox , Jim Smith , John Gregory and George Burley . Former players include Colin Todd , Roy McFarland (who both later had brief and unsuccessful stints as manager at the club), Dave Mackay, Peter Shilton
Peter Shilton
, Dean Saunders , Craig Short , Marco Gabbiadini , Horacio Carbonari , Steve Bloomer and Tom Huddlestone . The club's most recent spell as a top division (FA Premier League
Premier League
) club ended in May 2008 after just one season , during which the club won just one out of 38 league games and finished with just 11 points, the lowest in the history of the Premier League
Premier League
. The club moved from its century-old Baseball Ground in 1997 to the new Pride Park
Pride Park
Stadium .

There are three senior non-league football clubs based in the city. Mickleover Sports play at Station Road, Mickleover and are members of the EvoStik Northern Premier League
Premier League
(the seventh level of the English football league system ). Graham Street Prims and Borrowash Victoria are both members of the East Midlands Counties League (level ten) and play on adjacent grounds at the Asterdale complex in Spondon .

Derbyshire
Derbyshire
County Cricket Club are based at the County Ground in Derby
Derby
and play almost all home matches there, although matches at Chesterfield
Chesterfield
were re-introduced in 2006. One of the designated first class county sides, they have won the County Championship
County Championship
once, in 1936. Derby
Derby
born Melissa Reid

Derby
Derby
has clubs in both codes of rugby . In rugby union , Derby
Derby
RFC play in Midlands Division One East (the sixth level of English rugby union) at their Haslams Lane ground. Rugby league
Rugby league
team Derby
Derby
City RLFC were formed in 1990 and compete in the Midlands Premier Division of the National Rugby League Conference. From 2008 they are ground sharing with Derby RFC at Haslams Lane.

The city is represented in the English Basketball League Division One by Derby Trailblazers , who play at the Moorways Sports Centre. They were formed in 2002 following the demise of British Basketball League side Derby Storm .

Team Derby, based at Derby Arena , won the inaugural National Badminton League title in 2014–15. The Arena, opened in 2015, also contains a velodrome that has hosted the Revolution cycling series .

Local industrialist Francis Ley introduced baseball to the town in the late 19th century, and built a stadium near the town centre. The attempt to establish baseball in Derby
Derby
was unsuccessful, but the stadium survived for some 100 years afterwards as the home of Derby County Football Club. It was demolished in 2003, six years after County's move to Pride Park
Pride Park
.

Professional golfer Melissa Reid was born in Derby
Derby
in 1987. She plays on the Ladies European Tour , and was a member of the victorious European Team in the 2011 Solheim Cup
2011 Solheim Cup
.

Arthur Keily the marathon runner and Olympian was born in Derbyshire in 1921 and has lived his whole life in Derby. In Rome in 1960 he broke the English Olympic record, recording a time of 2 hours 27 mins.

RECREATION

The restored Grove Street Lodge and "Grand Entrance" at the northern end of the Arboretum

Derby Arboretum
Derby Arboretum
, donated to the town by local philanthropist Joseph Strutt in 1840, was the first planned urban public park in the country. Although it suffered from neglect in the 1990s, it has been renovated. It has been claimed to have been one of the inspirations for Central Park
Central Park
in New York.

Markeaton Park is Derby's most used leisure facility. Other major parks in the city include Allestree
Allestree
Park , Darley Park , Chaddesden Park , Alvaston
Alvaston
Park , Normanton Park and Osmaston Park . Derby
Derby
is believed to be one of the country's highest, if not the highest, ranking cities for parkland per capita. Darley and Derwent Parks lie immediately north of the city centre and are home to owls, kingfishers and other wildlife. Derby
Derby
Rowing Club and Derwent Rowing Club are located on the banks of the river, where is also a riverside walk and cycle path.

There are four museums: Derby Museum and Art Gallery
Derby Museum and Art Gallery
; Pickford\'s House Museum ; The Silk Mill and The Royal Crown Derby
Royal Crown Derby
Museum.

SHOPPING AND NIGHTLIFE

Ye Olde Dolphin Inne

Shopping in central Derby
Derby
is divided into three main areas. These are the Cathedral Quarter , the St Peters Quarter and the Intu Derby shopping centre. The Cathedral Quarter was Derby's first BID (Business Improvement District ), and includes a large range of shops, boutiques, coffee shops and restaurants. It is focused around the Cathedral and the area around Irongate and Sadler Gate. It includes the Market place, the Guildhall and Assembly rooms along with the City Museum and the Silk Mill industrial museum.

The St Peters Quarter is Derby's second Business Improvement district brought into effect in the summer of 2011. Its boundary with the Cathedral Quarter follows Victoria Street, beneath which flows the underground course of the Markeaton Brook . The quarter boasts a diverse range of retail shops many of them, in Green Lane, Babington Lane, Osmaston Road and elsewhere, independent traders. St Peters Street, London Road and East Street also includes a large choice of National retailers along with pubs, restaurants, banks and offices. The quarter includes the historic St Peters Church and, on St Peter's Churchyard, the medieval Derby School building. Nearby also is the Old Courthouse and several other notable buildings. At the eastern end of the quarter is the bus station along with the Hilton Hotel and Holiday Inn, part of the Riverlights Development on the banks of the Derwent.

Intu Derby is the city's main indoor shopping centre. It opened in 2007 as Westfield Derby
Derby
after extension work costing £340 million, subsequently being sold to Intu in March 2014. It contains a food court and a 12-screen cinema (Showcase – Cinema De Lux ) which was opened in May 2008. The development was controversial and local opponents accuse it of drawing trade away from the older parts of the city centre where independent shops are located. Some of these experienced a downturn in trade and some have ceased trading since the development opened leading to the "Lanes" project which eventually became the second BID and the formation of St Peters Quarter. In the centre itself, a combination of high rents and rising rates have made things difficult for smaller traders.

The Friar Gate area contains clubs and bars, making it the centre of Derby's nightlife. Derby
Derby
is also well provided with pubs and is renowned for its large amount of real ale outlets. The oldest pub is the Grade II listed Ye Olde Dolphin Inne , dating from the late 16th century.

Out of town shopping areas include the Kingsway Retail Park, off the A38; the Wyvern Retail Park, near Pride Park; and the Meteor Centre, on Mansfield
Mansfield
Road.

EDUCATION

See also: List of schools in Derby

Like most of the UK, Derby
Derby
operates a non-selective primary and secondary education system with no middle schools . Pupils attend infant and junior school (often in a combined primary school) before moving onto a secondary school. Many of the secondary schools have sixth forms , allowing pupils to optionally take A Levels after the end of compulsory education. For those who want to stay in education but leave school, the large Derby College provides post-16 courses for school leavers, apprentices and employer related training. It has two main campuses the Joseph Wright Centre in the centre of Derby, where its A Level courses are based. And the historical Derby
Derby
Roundhouse which is the college's vocational training hub, providing a centre for apprenticeships such as engineering, catering and hair Allestree Woodlands School , Bemrose School , Chellaston Academy , City of Derby Academy , da Vinci Community College , Derby Manufacturing UTC , Derby Moor Community Sports College , Derby Pride Academy , Landau Forte College , Lees Brook Community School , Littleover Community School , Merrill Academy , Murray Park School , Noel-Baker School , Saint Benedict Catholic Voluntary Academy and West Park School .

Outside the state sector, there are three fee-paying independent schools. Derby Grammar School was founded in 1994 and was for boys only, until 2007, when they accepted girls into the sixth form for the first time. They aim to continue the work and traditions of the former Derby School , which closed in 1989, one of the oldest schools in England. Derby
Derby
High School is for girls-only for senior and sixth form and for girls and boys at primary level.

Derby
Derby
has special needs establishments including Ivy House School located at the Derby Moor Community Sports College (which takes pupils from nursery to sixth form) and the Light House which is a respite facility for children and parents. Allestree
Allestree
Woodlands School have a Hearing Impaired department, and Saint Benedict have an Enhanced Resource Base for pupils to access specialised support within mainstream schooling. There also a number of alternative provision schools, including Derby Pride Academy .

The University of Derby
University of Derby
has its main campus on Kedleston Road. There is another campus in north Derbyshire
Derbyshire
at Buxton .

In 2003 the University of Nottingham
Nottingham
opened a graduate entry medical school based at Royal Derby Hospital . The university also has its School of Nursing and Midwifery located there, having moved from its former home at London Road Community Hospital in mid-2012.

MEDIA

The Derby Telegraph
Derby Telegraph
(formerly the Derby
Derby
Evening Telegraph) is the city's daily newspaper. Crime writer Richard Cox set his first book around his own experience as a Derby Telegraph
Derby Telegraph
reporter in the 1970s. The Derby Trader was a free weekly newspaper which is no longer in print. A local edition of the daily national freesheet Metro is distributed in the city centre every morning, although this only has a very small amount of local content.

BBC Radio Derby , the BBC's local station for Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and East Staffordshire , is based on St. Helen's Street in the city and offers local, national and international news, features, music and sports commentaries. It is available on 104.5 FM and 1116 AM, on 95.3 FM in North and Mid Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and on 96.0 FM in the Buxton area, as well as being streamed on the internet. The BBC
BBC
in Derby
Derby
have their own local website for the area which provides news, travel and weather information, as well as other features.

Capital East Midlands , is the biggest commercial radio station in the city, broadcasting to Derby
Derby
on 102.8 FM from the transmitter at Drum Hill, just outside the city. It broadcasts a Contemporary Hit Radio (CHR) format, with Top 40 chart hits aimed at the city's under 35s.

CITY EMBLEM

Derby's emblem is the Derby
Derby
Ram, about which there is a folk song entitled " The Derby Ram
The Derby Ram
". It is found in a number of places, most notably serving as the nickname of Derby County F.C.
Derby County F.C.
. The logo of the City Council's services is a stylised ram. Representation of The Derby
Derby
Ram in East Street

NOTABLE PEOPLE

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* Alan Bates
Alan Bates
(1934–2003), actor * Freda Bedi (1911–1977), social worker, writer and Gelongma . * Ronald Binge (1910–1979), composer * Steve Bloomer (1874–1938), England
England
international footballer and manager who played for Derby County
Derby County
and Middlesbrough F.C . * David Brailsford (born 1964), cycling administrator * Rufus Brevett (born 1969), Footballer * Maxwell Caulfield (born 1959), actor * Henry Cavendish (1731–1810), scientist * William John Coffee (1774–1846), artist and sculptor * Daniel Parker Coke (1745–1825), barrister and Member of Parliament * Des Coleman (born 1969), actor and presenter * Kevin Coyne (1944–2004), musician, film-maker and writer * Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
(1731–1802), physician and philosopher * Denny Dennis (1913–1993), singer * John Dexter (1925–1990), theatre director * George Benjamin Dodwell (1851–1925), Derby
Derby
born merchant, who founded the British-Asian trading company Dodwell & Co. * Ralph Downes (1904–1993), organist, designer of the organ in the Royal Festival Hall , London * Drumsound & Bassline Smith , electronic group * Richard Felix (born 1949) Author, television presenter, historian * John Flamsteed
John Flamsteed
(1646–1719), first Astronomer Royal
Astronomer Royal
* Maria Fowler (born 1986), model and actress * James Fox (1780–1830), engineer * Jessica Garlick (born 1981), singer, was born in Derby * Patricia Greene (born 1931), radio and TV actress (Jill in The Archers) * Peter Hammill (born 1948), singer-songwriter and founding member of progressive rock band Van der Graaf Generator * Bobby Hassell (born 1980), footballer * Andrew Handyside (1806–1887), iron founder * Steve Holland (born 1970), football coach (Crewe Alexandra and Chelsea assistant) and former professional footballer * Geoff Hoon
Geoff Hoon
MP (born 1953), politician * Major General Charles Hudson (1892 - 1959), British Army
British Army
Victoria Cross recipient and general * Charlie Hudson (1874 - 1958), pigeon racer, winner of the Rome- England
England
champion race in 1913 with The King of Rome * Chris Humphries (1947 - 2009), botanist * William Hutton (1723–1815) historian, poet and bookseller * Jess Kent , musician * Michael Knowles , actor * Stephen Layton (born 1966), choral conductor * Duncan Lloyd , musician * Kevin Lloyd (1949–1998) actor, (Tosh Lines in The Bill
The Bill
TV series). * Terry Lloyd (1952–2003), television journalist * John Lombe
John Lombe
(1693–1722), industrial pioneer * Edgar Longstaffe (1852–1933), landscape painter * Eric Malpass (1910–1996), novelist * Stephen Marley (born 1946), novelist * Louis Martin (1936-2015), weightlifter, Olympic silver medallist, 1964 * Ted Moult (1926-1986), farmer and TV personality * Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
(1820–1910), pioneer of modern nursing * Jack O\'Connell (actor) (born 1990), actor * Colin Osborne (born 1975), PDC darts player * Chris Palmer (born 1983), footballer * Reg Parnell (1911–1964), racing driver and team manager * Samuel Plimsoll (1825–98), politician, Liberal Member of Parliament for Derby, inventor of the Plimsoll line , 'The Sailors Friend' * Melissa Reid (born 1987), golfer * Samuel Richardson
Samuel Richardson
(1689–1761), novelist * Chris Riggott (born 1980), footballer * Anton Rippon (born 1944), journalist, author and publisher * Sir Henry Royce (1863–1933), co-founder of Rolls-Royce * Sir Nigel Rudd (born 1946), industrialist * Max Sciandri (born 1967), Professional cyclist and Olympic medallist. * John Smith (1813–1866), clockmaker * Lauren Socha (born 1990), star of E4 's television series Misfits * Michael Socha (born 1987), actor * George Sorocold (c. 1668 – c. 1738), first non-military person to be described as an engineer * Herbert Spencer
Herbert Spencer
(1820–1903), philosopher * Jedediah Strutt (1726–1797), industrial pioneer * Gwen Taylor (born 1939), actress * Richard Turner (born 1940), artist and poet * Stuart Varney (born 1949) Economic Journalist for Fox News Channel

* Damien Walters (born 1982), stuntman , gymnast and free runner * Lucy Ward (born 1989), folk musician and songwriter * Joan Waste (1534–1556), blind martyr burned to death at age 22 * Alice Wheeldon (1866–1919) pacifist and anti-war campaigner. * John Whitehurst
John Whitehurst
(1713–1788), clockmaker and scientist * Dafydd Wigley
Dafydd Wigley
(born 1943), Plaid Cymru (Welsh Nationalist) politician * Sir Henry Wilmot (1831–1901), Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
recipient * Joseph Wright (1734–1797), artist * Youngman , MC and vocalist * Dubzy MC ">

* ^ Matlock is generally considered the county town since the relocation of the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
County Council headquarters there in 1956.

REFERENCES

* ^ British Urban Pattern: Population Data (Epson) * ^ "Resident Population Estimates by Ethnic Group (Percentages)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 July 2010. * ^ " Derby
Derby
Cathedral". You & Yesterday. Retrieved 4 February 2008. * ^ Walker, Ian W (2000). Mercia and the Making of England
England
Sutton ISBN 0-7509-2131-5 . * ^ A B Lambert, Tim. "A brief history of Derby, Derbyshire, England". The History of the World. Retrieved 11 August 2011. * ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960) . The Concise Oxford
Oxford
Dictionary of English Place Names (Fourth ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-19-869103-3 . * ^ The Rivers of Time Ron McKeown, ISBN 0-9530603-7-3 * ^ A B "W.G. and J.Strutt Ltd., of Belper, Derbyshire, cotton spinners". * ^ , Derby
Derby
District: Total Population * ^ "About Cromford Mill". Retrieved 26 December 2012. * ^ " Cromford Mills – birthplace of the industrial revolution". Retrieved 26 December 2012. * ^ "The 1st water powered Cotton Spinning Mill in the World". Retrieved 26 December 2012. * ^ "Nothing ever happens in Sinfin". This is Sinfin. Retrieved 8 November 2014. * ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/data_cube_table_page.jsp?data_theme=T_POP&data_cube=N_TPop&u_id=10109700&c_id=10001043&add=N * ^ "DADARS: Detailed History 1911 to 1961". www.dadars.org.uk. Derby
Derby
& District Amateur Radio Society. Retrieved 4 February 2017. * ^ " Derby
Derby
Wireless Club". www.derbywirelessclub.org.uk. Derby Wireless Club. Retrieved 4 February 2017. * ^ " BBC
BBC
- World War One At Home, Midland Railway
Midland Railway
Works, Derby: The Night Lights Were Left On". BBC. * ^ "Facts and Statistics". www.derby.anglican.org. Diocese of Derby. Retrieved 4 February 2017. * ^ "No. 47246". The London Gazette
The London Gazette
. 14 June 1977. p. 7656. * ^ The Times. 29 July 1977 * ^ "Stories". Youandyesterday.co.uk. 27 July 1942. Retrieved 17 July 2010. * ^ The Local Government Commission for England
England
(June 2001). "Periodic electoral review of Derby: Final recommendations for ward boundaries in Derby" (PDF). Retrieved 4 February 2008. * ^ "Contact us". Rail Accident Investigation Branch. Retrieved 11 August 2011. . " Rail Accident Investigation Branch
Rail Accident Investigation Branch
Address The Wharf Stores Road Derby
Derby
DE21 4BA" * ^ "Department for Transport travel plan: Annexes". Department for Transport . Retrieved 11 August 2011. – They have offices in Woking and Derby * ^ "About us". Rail Accident Investigation Branch
Rail Accident Investigation Branch
. Retrieved 11 August 2011. * ^ "Landscape Character". Derbyshire
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County Council. 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2015. * ^ * ^ " Derby
Derby
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Derby
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Derby
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Derby
Telegraph". Derby
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Telegraph. * ^ "Infinity Park Derby: Official start to £200m business park vital to city\'s future". Derby Telegraph
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Derby
climate". Met Office. Retrieved 12 May 2015. * ^ " Derby
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climate". Retrieved 12 May 2015. * ^ " Derby Cathedral
Derby Cathedral
Peregrine Project". Derby City Council . Retrieved 11 August 2011. * ^ " Derby
Derby
Peregrine Webcam". Derby
Derby
City Council. Retrieved 20 March 2015. * ^ "Neville test-drives city\'s new ring road". Retrieved 17 March 2011. * ^ "The safest place on Earth? (Well, nearly)". BBC. February 2003. Retrieved 16 August 2011. * ^ "Orchestra moves to Cathedral Quarter". Derby
Derby
Telegraph. 23 August 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2017. * ^ http://www.derbycathedral.org/component/k2/207-summer-organ-recitals.html * ^ http://www.oddsocks.co.uk/theatre/ * ^ http://www.deda.uk.com/ * ^ http://www.derbybookfestival.co.uk/ * ^ http://www.derbyfeste.com/ * ^ "Six Streets Arts Trail". * ^ http://www.sixstreetsderby.org.uk/sixstreetsworldwar1.htm * ^ http://www.derbytelegraph.co.uk/Bygones-New-Derby-Theatre-production-marks-60th/story-28824072-detail/story.html * ^ A B "The History of Derby County
Derby County
Football Club". Derby
Derby
County Football Club. 8 May 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2011. * ^ Profile on Ladies European Tour\'s official site * ^ " Derby
Derby
Olympian Arthur Keily picks up lifetime achievement gong". This is Derbyshire. Northcliffe Media. 20 September 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2011. * ^ "keily, Arthur". bygonederbyshire. Retrieved 26 May 2009. * ^ "Arboretum history". Christopher Harris. 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2011. * ^ " Markeaton Park – today". BBC. October 2002. Retrieved 14 August 2011. * ^ Johnson, Robin (20 March 2014). "Westfield Derby
Derby
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Evening Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-07-04. * ^ "Westfield Derby
Derby
– About". westfieldderby.co.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2008. * ^ Historic England
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. "Ye Olde Dolphin Inne, Derby
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(1228932)". National Heritage List for England
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. Retrieved 18 August 2014. * ^ Paul Linford (10 June 2014). "Former reporter tells tale of violence and corruption". HoldTheFrontPage.co.uk. Retrieved 29 June 2014. * ^ DerCity Council, Council House, Corporation Street, Derby, DE1 2FS. "Town twinning". CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ "History made as Derby
Derby
becomes \'sister city\' of Hebron, Palestine". Derby
Derby
Telegraph.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

See also: Bibliography of the history of Derby
Derby

EXTERNAL LINKS

* England
England
portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to DERBY .

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for DERBY .

* Derby
Derby
City

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