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A deputy prime minister or vice prime minister is, in some countries, a government minister who can take the position of acting prime minister when the prime minister is temporarily absent. The position is often likened to that of a vice president, but is significantly different even though both positions are "number two" offices. The position of deputy prime minister should not be confused with the Canadian Deputy Minister of the Prime Minister of Canada, a nonpolitical civil servant position. Also, the Deputy Prime Minister of Canada
Canada
does not act as a "number two". The states of Australia
Australia
and provinces of Canada
Canada
each have the analogous office of deputy premier. In the devolved administrations of the United Kingdom, an analogous position is that of the deputy first minister but the position in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
has the same powers as the First Minister. A deputy prime minister traditionally serves as acting prime minister when the real prime minister is temporarily absent or incapable of exercising his/her power. The deputy prime minister is often asked to succeed to the prime minister's office following the prime minister's sudden death or unexpected resignation, but that is not necessarily mandated by the constitution. This government position is often a job that is held simultaneously with another ministry, and is usually given to one of the most senior or fairly experienced ministers of the cabinet. The holder of this office may also be deputy leader of the governing party, or perhaps even as leader of the junior party of a coalition government. Little scholarly attention has focused on deputy prime ministers due to their nature as being less involved in the political power plays of government and more focus on the work at hand. A 2009 study in Political Science identified nine 'qualities' of deputy prime ministership: temperament; relationships with their Cabinet and caucus; relationships with their party; popularity with the public; media skills; achievements as deputy prime minister; relationship with the prime minister; leadership ambition; and method of succession.[1] By contrast, the structure of the Government of Russia
Government of Russia
[2] and Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine foresees the positions of several deputy prime ministers or vice prime ministers.[3] In the case of the Russian government, the Prime Minister is responsible for defining the scope of the duties for each of his or her deputies,[4] who also may head a specific ministry - e.g. the former Minister of Finance
Minister of Finance
of Russia, Alexey Kudrin
Alexey Kudrin
also serves as one of the deputies of the prime ministers or vice-premiers. One or two of these deputy prime ministers may hold the title of a First Deputy Prime Minister. The Russian federal law indicates that in accordance with the order established in advance, one of the deputy prime ministers may temporarily substitute for the Prime Minister in his or her absence. Customarily, however, it is to one of the "First" Deputy Prime Ministers that the prime-ministerial duties may be delegated. At the same time, in the case of Prime Minister's resignation, the law allows the President
President
of Russia
Russia
to choose any of the current vice-premiers to serve as an acting Prime Minister until the confirmation of the new government.[5] Lists of deputy prime ministers[edit] For a more comprehensive list, see List of current deputy prime ministers.

Country Title Name Office date Notes

Africa

 Mauritius Deputy Prime Minister of Mauritius Vice Prime Minister of Mauritius Ivan Collendavelloo (DPM) Showkutally Soodhun (VPM) 17 December 2014 17 December 2014 Vice Prime Minister is an honorary title.

America

 Bahamas Deputy Prime Minister of the Bahamas Hubert Minnis 11 May 2017

 Canada Deputy Prime Minister of Canada Vacant 6 February 2006 position not currently in use (since 2006)

Asia

 China Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhang Gaoli 15 March 2013

 India Deputy Prime Minister of India Vacant 22 May 2004 position not currently in use (since 2004)

 Israel Designated Acting Prime Minister of Israel Deputy Prime Minister of Israel Vice Prime Minister of Israel ? ? Vice Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister are honorary titles.

 Japan Deputy Prime Minister of Japan Tarō Asō 26 December 2012

 Lebanon Deputy Prime Minister of Lebanon ? ?

 Malaysia Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia Ahmad Zahid Hamidi 29 July 2015

 Pakistan Deputy Prime Minister of Pakistan Vacant 25 June 2012

 Singapore Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore Teo Chee Hean Tharman Shanmugaratnam 1 April 2009 21 May 2011

 South Korea Deputy Prime Minister of South Korea
South Korea
(ko:대한민국의 부총리) Kim Dong-yeon Kim Sang-gon 9 June 2017

 Taiwan Vice Premier of the Republic of China Shih Jun-ji 8 September 2017

 Thailand Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand ? ?

 Vietnam Deputy Prime Minister of Vietnam ? ?

Europe

 Austria Vice-Chancellor of Austria Heinz-Christian Strache 17 May 2017

 Croatia Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia Martina Dalić Damir Krstičević Marija Pejčinović Burić Predrag Štromar 9 June 2017 Article 109 of the Constitution mandates that there be at least one in every cabinet. Usually held by senior government ministers or leaders of junior parties in a coalition government.

 Finland Deputy Prime Minister of Finland Petteri Orpo 28 June 2017

 Germany Vice-Chancellor of Germany Sigmar Gabriel 17 December 2013

 Greece Deputy Prime Minister of Greece Yannis Dragasakis 23 September 2013

 Ireland Tánaiste
Tánaiste
( Deputy prime minister of Ireland) Frances Fitzgerald 6 May 2016

 Luxembourg Deputy Prime Minister of Luxembourg Etienne Schneider 4 December 2013 Traditionally the leader of the second biggest party in a government coalition

 Malta Deputy Prime Minister of Malta Chris Fearne 17 July 2017

 Montenegro Deputy Prime Minister of Montenegro Igor Lukšić Duško Marković Rafet Husović Azra Jasavić 4 December 2012 29 December 2010 4 December 2012 2 June 2016

 Netherlands Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands Hugo de Jonge Kajsa Ollongren Carola Schouten 26 October 2017

 Poland Deputy Prime Minister of Poland Piotr Gliński Jarosław Gowin Mateusz Morawiecki 16 November 2015

 Portugal Deputy Prime Minister of Portugal Vacant ? position not currently in use (since 2015)

 Russia Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation ? ?

 Serbia Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia Rasim Ljajić Ivica Dačić Zorana Mihajlović Nebojša Stefanović 27 July 2012 27 April 2014 27 April 2014 11 August 2016

 Slovenia Deputy Prime Minister of Slovenia Karl Viktor Erjavec Dejan Židan

20 March 2013

 Spain Deputy Prime Minister of Spain Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría 22 December 2011

 Sweden Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden Margot Wallström Isabella Lövin 25 May 2016

 Turkey Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey ? ?

 United Kingdom Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom First Secretary of State
First Secretary of State
(de facto) Vacant
Vacant
(DPM) Vacant
Vacant
(FSS)

Oceania

 Australia Deputy Prime Minister of Australia Vacant 27 October 2017

 New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand Winston Peters 26 October 2017

Former countries[edit]

Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union First Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union Deputy Prime Minister of Yugoslavia

References[edit]

^ Steven Barnes, 'What About Me? Deputy Prime Ministership in New Zealand', Political Science, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2009, pp. 33-49 ^ Article 110.2 of the Constitution of Russian Federation ^ Article 114 of the Constitution of Ukraine ^ "Article 25 of the Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of Russian Federation" from December 17, 1997". Constitution.garant.ru. Retrieved 2012-07-25.  ^ "Article 8 of the Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of Russian Federation". Constitution.garant.ru. Retrieved 2012-07-25. 

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