Coordinates: 19°04′02″N 72°55′11″E / 19.0671°N
72.9197°E / 19.0671; 72.9197
Deonar dumping ground is a waste dumping ground or landfill in the
city of Mumbai. Located in the city's Deonar, an eastern suburb of the
city, it is India's oldest and largest dumping ground, set up in
1927. The dumping ground is managed by the city's civic
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (also known as Municipal
Corporation of Greater Mumbai), which also manages two other dumping
ground in the city; one in the neighbourhood of
Mulund and one
recently opened in Kanjurmarg.
2 Health issues
3 Potential closure
The dumping ground extends over 132 hectares and receives 5,500 metric
tonnes of waste, 600 metric tonnes of silt and 25 tonnes of
bio-medical waste daily. Between March and June the daily amount of
silt rises to more than 9,000 metric tonnes because of drain cleaning
in advance of the monsoon season.
The dump rises to around 114 ft. high. However, in February 2012,
Municipal Corporation of Greater
Mumbai sought permission from the
Airport Authority of India (AAI) to increase this to around
164 ft. As of December 2014, the waste had reached the height
of an 18-storeyed tower.
There is another old dumping ground in
Mulund in the north-eastern
part of the city, where about 2,000 metric tonnes of garbage are
dumped daily. In March 2015, a new dumping site was opened in the
city by the city's civic body in
Kanjurmarg which happens to be the
first dumping site which is processed scientifically.
NASA Image: Smoke from the fire which broke out on 28 Jan 2016 at the
Deonar dumping ground, Mumbai
Deonar dumping ground has caused health issues for the residents
from Mumbai's neighbourhood of Chembur,
Govandi and Mankhurd.
Recurrent fires at the dump have caused conditions unfit for
habitation for residents of the adjacent area. In 2008, around 40
Chembur went on a hunger strike to protest against the
frequent fires and smoke. Again in 2012,
complained to the Municipal Corporation of Greater
Mumbai about the
smoke coming out of the dumping ground, which has been affecting
asthma patients. In 2015, neighbourhood surrounding to the dumping
ground was identified as the city's most polluted area. Another
fire broke out at the
Deonar dumping ground in January 2016 causing
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) to shut down 74 schools
run by it for two days, as the smoke from the ground veiled the area
causing breathing difficulties.
Infant mortality has also been a concern in the nearby areas; as the
rate stands at 60-80 per 1000 live births, which is double the average
of 35.2 for the entire city.
In August 2008, it was reported that after receiving complaints from
and pollution from the dump, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation
(BMC) had decided to close down a section of the dumping ground and
use it to generate 7 to 8 MW of power by methane extraction, adding
₹400 million (US$6.1 million) to BMC’s revenue. A few
months later, BMC granted a contract for the scientific partial
closure of the dumping ground for ₹7.04 billion
(US$110 million). Partial closing was to take place in two
phases, 65 hectares in the first phase, and in the second phase
construction of a processing plant and sanitary landfill on the
remaining 55 hectares.
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Deonar dump ready for Rs 5000-cr
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^ "Fire Burns in
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Deonar dump smoke makes locals
Fume". Hindustan Times. Mumbai. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
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Retrieved 23 March 2012.
Times News Network
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Chembur residents fume over smoke
Deonar dumping ground". The Times of India. Mumbai. Retrieved 18
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Chembur city's most polluted suburb,
thanks to dump fires and industries in neighbourhood". The Times of
India. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
Deonar dump fire chokes suburbs; smog across city". Mumbai. 28
January 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
^ "Smog from dumping ground fire shuts down 74 schools in Mumbai".
Mumbai. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
Govandi residents raise a stink, CM vows solution to Deonar
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Mumbai Mirror. Mumbai.