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Denbighshire
Denbighshire
(Welsh: Sir Ddinbych; [ˌsiːr ˈðɪnbɨ̞χ]) is a county in north-east Wales, named after the historic county of Denbighshire, but with substantially different borders. Denbighshire is the longest known inhabited part of Wales. Pontnewydd (Bontnewydd-Llanelwy) Palaeolithic site has Neanderthal
Neanderthal
remains from 225,000 years ago. Its several castles include Denbigh, Rhuddlan, Ruthin, Castell Dinas Bran
Castell Dinas Bran
and Bodelwyddan. St Asaph, one of the smallest cities in Britain, has one of the smallest Anglican cathedrals. Denbighshire
Denbighshire
has a length of coast to the north and hill ranges to the east, south and west. In the central part, the River Clwyd
Clwyd
has created a broad fertile valley. It is primarily a rural county with little industry. Crops are grown in the Vale of Clwyd
Clwyd
and cattle and sheep reared in the uplands. The coast attracts summer tourists, and hikers frequent the Clwydian Range, which forms an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty with the upper Dee Valley. Llangollen hosts the Llangollen
Llangollen
International Musical Eisteddfod in each July.[1]

Contents

1 Formation 2 Early history 3 Geography 4 Population 5 Economy 6 Transport 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Formation[edit] The present main area was formed on 1 April 1996 under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, from various parts of the county of Clwyd. It includes the district of Rhuddlan
Rhuddlan
(which was formed in 1974 entirely from Flintshire), the communities of Trefnant
Trefnant
and Cefn Meiriadog from the district of Colwyn (which was entirely Denbighshire) and most of the Glyndŵr
Glyndŵr
district. The part of the Glyndŵr
Glyndŵr
district includes the entirety of the former Edeyrnion Rural District, which was part of the administrative county of Merionethshire before 1974, which covered the parishes of Betws Gwerfil Goch, Corwen, Gwyddelwern, Llangar, Llandrillo yn Edeirnion and Llansanffraid.[2] Other principal areas including part of historic Denbighshire
Denbighshire
are Conwy, which picked up the remainder of 1974–1996 Colwyn, and the Denbighshire
Denbighshire
parts of 1974–1996 Aberconwy, and Wrexham, which corresponds to the pre-1974 borough of Wrexham
Wrexham
along with most of the Wrexham
Wrexham
Rural District and several parishes from Glyndŵr. Post-1996 Powys
Powys
includes the historic Denbighshire
Denbighshire
parishes of Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant, Llansilin
Llansilin
and Llangedwyn, which formed part of Glyndŵr
Glyndŵr
district.[2] Early history[edit] Researchers have found evidence that Denbighshire
Denbighshire
was inhabited at least 225,000 years ago. Bontnewydd Palaeolithic site
Bontnewydd Palaeolithic site
is one of the most significant in Britain. Hominid remains of probable Neanderthals have been found, along with stone tools from the later Middle Pleistocene.[3] Geography[edit]

See also List of places in Denbighshire.

The eastern border of Denbighshire
Denbighshire
follows the ridge of the Clwydian Range, with a steep escarpment to the west, and a high point at Moel Famau (1,820 ft (555 m)).[4] The Clwydian Range
Clwydian Range
is, with the upper Dee Valley, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
– one of just five in the whole of Wales.[5] The Denbigh
Denbigh
Moors (Mynydd Hiraethog) are in the west of the county and the Berwyn Range
Berwyn Range
adjacent to the southern boundary. The River Clwyd
Clwyd
in its broad, fertile Vale runs from south to north in the centre of the county. There is a narrow coastal plain in the north where there is much residential and tourist development.[4] The highest point in the county is Cadair Berwyn (832 m, 2,730 ft). Denbighshire
Denbighshire
borders the counties of Conwy, Flintshire, Wrexham, and Powys
Powys
(Montgomeryshire). Population[edit] Denbighshire's total population at the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Census 2001 was 93,065, which increased to 93,734 at the 2011 census.[6] The largest towns on the coast are Rhyl
Rhyl
(2001 population c. 25,000) and Prestatyn (2001 population c. 18,000). According to the 2011 Census returns, 24.6 per cent of the population stated they are able to speak Welsh.[7] Economy[edit] Since the 20th-century demise of the coal and steel industries in the Wrexham
Wrexham
area, there are no heavy industrial sites in the county. Although most towns have small industrial parks or estates for light industry, the economy is based on agriculture and tourism. A high proportion of the working population is employed in the service sector. The uplands support sheep and beef cattle rearing, while in the Vale of Clwyd
Clwyd
dairy farming and wheat and barley crops predominate.[8] Many towns have livestock markets and the farming supports farm machinery merchants, vets, feed merchants, contractors and other ancillary trades.[9] With their incomes on the decline, farmers have found opportunities in tourism, rural crafts, specialist food shops, farmers' markets and value-added food products.[10] Tourism is nowadays the main source of income. The upland areas with their sheep farms and small, stone-walled fields are attractive to visitors. Redundant farm buildings are often converted into self-catering accommodation, while many farmhouses supply bed and breakfast. The travel trade began with the arrival of the railway on the coast in the mid-19th century, opening up the area from Merseyside. This led to a boom in seaside guest houses. More recently, caravan sites and holiday villages have thrived and there has been an increase in ownership of holiday homes.[11] Various initiatives to boost the economy of North Wales
Wales
are in progress in 2016, including a redevelopment project for the former Rhyl
Rhyl
seafront and funfair.[12] Transport[edit] The North Wales
Wales
Coast Line running from Crewe
Crewe
to Holyhead
Holyhead
is operated by Virgin Trains. Trains leaving Crewe
Crewe
pass through Chester, cross the River Dee into Wales, and continue through Flint, Shotton, Holywell junction, Prestatyn, Rhyl, and stations to Bangor and Holyhead, from where there is a ferry service to Ireland.[13] There are no motorways in Denbighshire. The A55 dual carriageway passes from Chester through St Asaph
St Asaph
to the North Wales
Wales
coast at Abergele, after which it runs parallel to the railway through Conwy and Bangor to Holyhead. The A548 passes from Chester to Abergele through Deeside and along the coast, before leaving the coast and terminating at Llanrwst. The main road from London is the A5 which passes north-westwards through Llangollen, Corwen
Corwen
and Betws-y-Coed
Betws-y-Coed
to join the A55 and terminate at Bangor. The A543 crosses the Denbigh Moors from south-east to north-west, and the A525 links Ruthin
Ruthin
with St Asaph.[14] There are local bus services between the main towns. Several services by Arriva
Arriva
Wales
Wales
run along the main coast road between Chester and Holyhead, linking the coastal resorts. Another route links Rhyl
Rhyl
to Denbigh.[15] See also[edit]

Denbighshire
Denbighshire
(historic) List of Lord Lieutenants of Denbighshire List of Custodes Rotulorum of Denbighshire List of High Sheriffs of Denbighshire Denbighshire
Denbighshire
(UK Parliament constituency) List of places in Denbighshire List of schools in Denbighshire

References[edit]

^ "Attractions in Clwyd". Britain Express. Retrieved 21 April 2016.  ^ a b "Local Government (Wales) Act 1994". The National Archives. legislation,gov.uk. Retrieved 1 May 2016.  ^ "Pontnewydd Cave". University of Central Lancashire. Retrieved 1 May 2016.  ^ a b Philip's (1994). Modern School Atlas. George Philip & Son. p. 26. ISBN 0-540-05278-7.  ^ "Clwydian Range". North East Wales. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2016.  ^ "Local Authority population 2011". Retrieved 22 May 2015.  ^ Stat Wales
Wales
Retrieved 1 May 2016. ^ "Clwyd". NFU Cymru. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2016.  ^ Morris, Jan (2014). Wales: Epic Views of a Small Country. Penguin Books Limited. p. 234. ISBN 978-0-241-97024-9.  ^ Nienaber, Birte (2016). Globalization and Europe's Rural Regions. Routledge. pp. 76–83. ISBN 978-1-317-12709-3.  ^ Boniface, Brian G.; Cooper, Chris; Cooper, Robyn (2012). Worldwide Destinations: The Geography of Travel and Tourism. Routledge. pp. 129, 152–153. ISBN 978-0-08-097040-0.  ^ "Six projects to kick-start the North Wales
Wales
economy in 2016". Daily Post. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.  ^ " Crewe
Crewe
to Holyhead". North Wales
Wales
Coast Railway. 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2016.  ^ Concise Road Atlas: Britain. AA Publishing. 2015. pp. 47–55. ISBN 978-0-7495-7743-8.  ^ "Discover the towns of Wales". Arriva
Arriva
Wales. Arriva
Arriva
Buses Wales. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Denbighshire.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Denbighshire.

Denbighshire
Denbighshire
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) [1] Denbighshire
Denbighshire
landscape

Coordinates: 53°05′12″N 3°21′16″W / 53.08667°N 3.35444°W / 53.08667; -3.35444

v t e

Denbighshire

Principal settlements

Corwen Denbigh Llangollen Prestatyn Rhuddlan Rhyl Ruthin St Asaph

Community councils

Aberwheeler Betws Gwerfil Goch Bodelwyddan Bodfari Bryneglwys Cefn Meiriadog Clocaenog Corwen Cwm Cyffylliog Cynwyd Denbigh Derwen Dyserth Efenechtyd Gwyddelwern Henllan Llanarmon-yn-Iâl Llanbedr Dyffryn Clwyd Llandegla Llandrillo Llandyrnog Llanelidan Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd Llanferres Llangollen Llangynhafal Llanrhaeadr-yng-Nghinmeirch Llantysilio Llanynys Nantglyn Prestatyn Rhuddlan Rhyl Ruthin St Asaph Trefnant Tremeirchion Waen

Villages

Aberwheeler Berwyn Betws Gwerfil Goch Bodelwyddan Bodfari Bontuchel Bryneglwys Carrog Castell Cefnmeriadog Cerrigydrudion Clocaenog Clawddnewydd Crogen Cwm Cyffylliog Cynwyd Derwen Druid Dyserth Efenechtyd Gellifor Gellioedd Glasfryn Glyndyfrdwy Gronant Gwaenysgor Gwyddelwern Henllan Hirwaen Llanarmon-yn-Iâl Llanbedr-Dyffryn-Clwyd Llandegla Llandrillo Llandyrnog Llanefydd Llanelidan Llanferres Llanfwrog Llangar Llangwyfan Llangynhafal Llanrhaeadr-yng-Nghinmeirch Llansanffraid Glyndyfrdwy Llantysilio Llanychan Llanynys Llwynmawr Loggerheads Maerdy Meliden Nantglyn Prion Pwllglas Pentrecelyn Rhewl Rhuallt Saron Tafarn Y Gelyn Trefnant Tremeirchion

Oldest inhabited location

Bontnewydd Palaeolithic site

Moors

Berwyn range Mynydd Hiraethog

Topics

List of Parliamentary constituencies in Clwyd Schools Country houses SSSIs Scheduled Monuments Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings The historic county Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs

v t e

Principal areas of Wales

Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda Cynon Taf Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan Wrexh

.