Denbighshire (Welsh: Sir Ddinbych; [ˌsiːr ˈðɪnbɨ̞χ]) is a
county in north-east Wales, named after the historic county of
Denbighshire, but with substantially different borders. Denbighshire
is the longest known inhabited part of Wales. Pontnewydd
(Bontnewydd-Llanelwy) Palaeolithic site has
Neanderthal remains from
225,000 years ago. Its several castles include Denbigh, Rhuddlan,
Castell Dinas Bran
Castell Dinas Bran and Bodelwyddan. St Asaph, one of the
smallest cities in Britain, has one of the smallest Anglican
Denbighshire has a length of coast to the north and hill
ranges to the east, south and west. In the central part, the River
Clwyd has created a broad fertile valley. It is primarily a rural
county with little industry. Crops are grown in the Vale of
cattle and sheep reared in the uplands. The coast attracts summer
tourists, and hikers frequent the Clwydian Range, which forms an Area
of Outstanding Natural Beauty with the upper Dee Valley. Llangollen
Llangollen International Musical Eisteddfod in each July.
2 Early history
7 See also
9 External links
The present main area was formed on 1 April 1996 under the Local
Government (Wales) Act 1994, from various parts of the county of
Clwyd. It includes the district of
Rhuddlan (which was formed in 1974
entirely from Flintshire), the communities of
Trefnant and Cefn
Meiriadog from the district of Colwyn (which was entirely
Denbighshire) and most of the
Glyndŵr district. The part of the
Glyndŵr district includes the entirety of the former Edeyrnion Rural
District, which was part of the administrative county of
Merionethshire before 1974, which covered the parishes of Betws
Gwerfil Goch, Corwen, Gwyddelwern, Llangar, Llandrillo yn Edeirnion
Other principal areas including part of historic
Conwy, which picked up the remainder of 1974–1996 Colwyn, and the
Denbighshire parts of 1974–1996 Aberconwy, and Wrexham, which
corresponds to the pre-1974 borough of
Wrexham along with most of the
Wrexham Rural District and several parishes from Glyndŵr. Post-1996
Powys includes the historic
Denbighshire parishes of
Llansilin and Llangedwyn, which formed part
Researchers have found evidence that
Denbighshire was inhabited at
least 225,000 years ago.
Bontnewydd Palaeolithic site
Bontnewydd Palaeolithic site is one of the
most significant in Britain. Hominid remains of probable Neanderthals
have been found, along with stone tools from the later Middle
See also List of places in Denbighshire.
The eastern border of
Denbighshire follows the ridge of the Clwydian
Range, with a steep escarpment to the west, and a high point at Moel
Famau (1,820 ft (555 m)). The
Clwydian Range is, with the
upper Dee Valley, an
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty – one of
just five in the whole of Wales. The
Denbigh Moors (Mynydd
Hiraethog) are in the west of the county and the
Berwyn Range adjacent
to the southern boundary. The River
Clwyd in its broad, fertile Vale
runs from south to north in the centre of the county. There is a
narrow coastal plain in the north where there is much residential and
tourist development. The highest point in the county is Cadair
Berwyn (832 m, 2,730 ft).
Denbighshire borders the counties of Conwy,
Flintshire, Wrexham, and
Denbighshire's total population at the
United Kingdom Census 2001 was
93,065, which increased to 93,734 at the 2011 census. The largest
towns on the coast are
Rhyl (2001 population c. 25,000) and Prestatyn
(2001 population c. 18,000). According to the 2011 Census returns,
24.6 per cent of the population stated they are able to speak
Since the 20th-century demise of the coal and steel industries in the
Wrexham area, there are no heavy industrial sites in the county.
Although most towns have small industrial parks or estates for light
industry, the economy is based on agriculture and tourism. A high
proportion of the working population is employed in the service
sector. The uplands support sheep and beef cattle rearing, while in
the Vale of
Clwyd dairy farming and wheat and barley crops
predominate. Many towns have livestock markets and the farming
supports farm machinery merchants, vets, feed merchants, contractors
and other ancillary trades. With their incomes on the decline,
farmers have found opportunities in tourism, rural crafts, specialist
food shops, farmers' markets and value-added food products.
Tourism is nowadays the main source of income. The upland areas with
their sheep farms and small, stone-walled fields are attractive to
visitors. Redundant farm buildings are often converted into
self-catering accommodation, while many farmhouses supply bed and
breakfast. The travel trade began with the arrival of the railway on
the coast in the mid-19th century, opening up the area from
Merseyside. This led to a boom in seaside guest houses. More recently,
caravan sites and holiday villages have thrived and there has been an
increase in ownership of holiday homes. Various initiatives to
boost the economy of North
Wales are in progress in 2016, including a
redevelopment project for the former
Rhyl seafront and funfair.
Wales Coast Line running from
Holyhead is operated
by Virgin Trains. Trains leaving
Crewe pass through Chester, cross the
River Dee into Wales, and continue through Flint, Shotton, Holywell
junction, Prestatyn, Rhyl, and stations to Bangor and Holyhead, from
where there is a ferry service to Ireland.
There are no motorways in Denbighshire. The A55 dual carriageway
passes from Chester through
St Asaph to the North
Wales coast at
Abergele, after which it runs parallel to the railway through Conwy
and Bangor to Holyhead. The A548 passes from Chester to Abergele
through Deeside and along the coast, before leaving the coast and
terminating at Llanrwst. The main road from London is the A5 which
passes north-westwards through Llangollen,
join the A55 and terminate at Bangor. The A543 crosses the Denbigh
Moors from south-east to north-west, and the A525 links
Ruthin with St
Asaph. There are local bus services between the main towns.
Several services by
Wales run along the main coast road between
Chester and Holyhead, linking the coastal resorts. Another route links
Rhyl to Denbigh.
List of Lord Lieutenants of Denbighshire
List of Custodes Rotulorum of Denbighshire
List of High Sheriffs of Denbighshire
Denbighshire (UK Parliament constituency)
List of places in Denbighshire
List of schools in Denbighshire
^ "Attractions in Clwyd". Britain Express. Retrieved 21 April
^ a b "Local Government (Wales) Act 1994". The National Archives.
legislation,gov.uk. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
^ "Pontnewydd Cave". University of Central Lancashire. Retrieved 1 May
^ a b Philip's (1994). Modern School Atlas. George Philip & Son.
p. 26. ISBN 0-540-05278-7.
^ "Clwydian Range". North East Wales. Archived from the original on 19
April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
^ "Local Authority population 2011". Retrieved 22 May 2015.
Wales Retrieved 1 May 2016.
^ "Clwyd". NFU Cymru. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
^ Morris, Jan (2014). Wales: Epic Views of a Small Country. Penguin
Books Limited. p. 234. ISBN 978-0-241-97024-9.
^ Nienaber, Birte (2016). Globalization and Europe's Rural Regions.
Routledge. pp. 76–83. ISBN 978-1-317-12709-3.
^ Boniface, Brian G.; Cooper, Chris; Cooper, Robyn (2012). Worldwide
Destinations: The Geography of Travel and Tourism. Routledge.
pp. 129, 152–153. ISBN 978-0-08-097040-0.
^ "Six projects to kick-start the North
Wales economy in 2016". Daily
Post. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
Crewe to Holyhead". North
Wales Coast Railway. 2012. Retrieved 30
^ Concise Road Atlas: Britain. AA Publishing. 2015. pp. 47–55.
^ "Discover the towns of Wales".
Arriva Buses Wales.
Retrieved 30 April 2016.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Denbighshire.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Denbighshire.
Denbighshire at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Coordinates: 53°05′12″N 3°21′16″W / 53.08667°N
3.35444°W / 53.08667; -3.35444
Betws Gwerfil Goch
Llanbedr Dyffryn Clwyd
Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd
Betws Gwerfil Goch
Tafarn Y Gelyn
Oldest inhabited location
Bontnewydd Palaeolithic site
List of Parliamentary constituencies in Clwyd
Grade I listed buildings
Grade II* listed buildings
The historic county
Principal areas of Wales
Neath Port Talbot
Rhondda Cynon Taf
Vale of Glamorgan