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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Senegal, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. About 70% of Senegal's population is rural. In rural areas, population density varies from about 77 per square kilometer (200/mile²) in the west-central region to 2 per square kilometer (5/mile²) in the arid eastern section. About 50,000 Europeans (mostly French) and Lebanese and Vietnamese reside in Senegal, mainly in the cities. French is the official language but is used regularly only by the literate minority. Almost all Senegalese speak an indigenous language, of which Wolof has the largest usage. Many Senegalese live in Europe, particularly in France, Italy and Spain.

Contents

1 Population 2 Vital statistics

2.1 Fertility and births

3 Ethnic groups 4 Languages 5 Religion 6 CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

6.1 Gender ratio 6.2 Life expectancy at birth 6.3 Nationality 6.4 Literacy

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Population[edit]

Demographics of Senegal, From UN estimates; Number of inhabitants in millions.

According to the 2017 revision of the World Population Prospects[1] the total population was 15,411,614 in 2016, compared to only 2,416,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 43.7%, 53.9% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 2.4% was 65 years or older .[2]

Total population (×1000) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)

1950 2,416 41.6 55.0 3.4

1955 2,684 41.5 55.6 2.9

1960 3,048 41.9 55.5 2.6

1965 3,505 43.0 54.6 2.4

1970 4,096 44.3 53.5 2.3

1975 4,786 45.3 52.5 2.2

1980 5,414 47.2 50.5 2.2

1985 6,232 47.7 50.0 2.3

1990 7,242 47.2 50.4 2.4

1995 8,369 46.2 51.3 2.5

2000 9,506 45.4 52.1 2.5

2005 10,872 44.4 53.1 2.5

2010 12,434 43.7 53.9 2.4

Vital statistics[edit] Registration of vital events in Senegal is not complete. The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.[2]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*

1950–1955 115,000 68,000 47,000 45.2 26.8 18.4 6.05 131

1955–1960 137,000 73,000 64,000 47.7 25.4 22.3 6.42 128

1960–1965 163,000 82,000 81,000 49.7 24.9 24.8 6.85 123

1965–1970 193,000 92,000 101,000 50.8 24.2 26.6 7.25 117

1970–1975 224,000 100,000 125,000 50.5 22.4 28.1 7.45 108

1975–1980 251,000 99,000 153,000 49.3 19.3 29.9 7.50 99

1980–1985 274,000 93,000 181,000 47.1 16.0 31.0 7.28 89

1985–1990 303,000 92,000 211,000 45.0 13.6 31.4 6.90 80

1990–1995 335,000 98,000 237,000 42.9 12.5 30.3 6.36 72

1995–2000 365,000 104,000 261,000 40.8 11.6 29.2 5.77 66

2000–2005 405,000 108,000 297,000 39.8 10.6 29.2 5.36 60

2005–2010 450,000 111,000 339,000 38.6 9.5 29.1 5.03 55

* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Births and deaths [3]

Year Population (x1000) Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR

2009

498 714 138 182 360 532 41,0 11,4 29,6 4,91

2010

456 212 132 218 323 994 36,5 10,6 25,9 4,86

2011

464 464 134 450 330 014 36,2 10,5 25,7

2012

471 629 135 468 336 161 35,7 10,3 25,5

2013 12 874 478 898 136 460 342 438 35,3 10,1 25,2

Fertility and births[edit] Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[4]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)

1980-82

7,4

6,3

7,9

1983-85

6,6

5,4

7,1

1992-93 40,8 6,03 (5,1) 37,4 5,06 (3,8) 42,9 6,74 (5,9)

1997 37 5,67 (4,6) 31 4,29 (3,2) 42 6,74 (5,6)

1999 36 5,2 30 3,9 40 6,1

2005 39,3 5,3 (4,5) 33,4 4,1 (3,3) 44,0 6,4 (5,7)

2008–2009 37,3 4,9 33,4 4,0 40,1 5,8

2010–2011 37,4 5,0 (3,2) 32,3 3,9 (2,6) 41,6 6,0 (3,8)

2012–2013 38,6 5,3 32,9 4,1 42,7 6,3

2014 37,6 5,0 (3,7) 33,4 4,0 (3,1) 41,6 6,3 (4,4)

2015 35.7 4.9 (4.3) 28.1 3.5 (3.1) 41.5 6.1 (5.4)

2016 34.6 4.7 27.2 3.5 40.8 5.9

Ethnic groups[edit] Main article: Ethnic groups in Senegal

Source[5]

Wolof 38.7%, Pular 26.5%, Serer 15%, Mandinka 4.2%, Jola 4%, Soninke 2.3%, Other 9.3% (includes 50,000 Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2010–2011 est.)

Population of Senegal according to ethnic group in 1976 and 1988

Ethnic group census 1976 [6] census 1988[7]

Number % Number %

Wolof 2,001,416 41.0 2,890,402 42.7

Serer 716,919 14.7 1,009,921 14.9

Peul 605,584 12.4 978,366 14.4

Toucouleur 528,490 10.8 631,892 9.3

Diola 265,353 5.4 357,672 5.3

Mandingue 179,050 3.7 245,651 3.6

Soce 42,751 0.6

Sarakhole 84,102 1.7 113,184 1.7

Bambara 65,096 1.3 91,071 1.3

Maure 59,784 1.2 67,726 1.0

Mandjaag 41,628 0.9 66,605 1.0

Lebou 94,837 1.9 56,758 0.8

Balant 33,915 0.7 54,398 0.8

Malinke 202,472 4.1 28,643 0.4

Mancagne 23,180 0.3

Laobe 18,250 0.3

Bassari 6,195 0.1

Khassonke 1,752 0.0

Coniagui 1,119 0.0

Fula 108 0.0

Other 87,773 1.3

Total 4,879,103 6,773,417

Languages[edit] Main article: Languages of Senegal French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Serer, Jola, Mandinka Religion[edit] Source:[5]

Islam 95.4% (mostly Sufi) Christian 4.2% (mostly Roman Catholic) Animist 0.4%

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit] The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[8] Gender ratio[edit]

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/females Total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit] Total population

59.78 years (2011 est.) 59.25 years (2006 est.)

Male

57.85 years (2011 est.) 57.7 years (2006 est.)

Female

61.77 years (2011 est.) 60.85 years (2006 est.)

Nationality[edit] noun: Senegalese (singular and plural) adjective: Senegalese Literacy[edit] Total population: 39.3% Male: 51.1% Female: 29.2% (2002 est.) See also[edit]

Senegal

References[edit]

^ "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.  ^ a b Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision Archived 6 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". unstats.un.org.  ^ "MEASURE DHS: Demographic and Health Surveys". microdata.worldbank.org.  ^ a b "Africa :: SENEGAL". The World Factbook. CIA.  ^ Rapport National de Présentation du Recensement Général de la Population 1976 (RGP I)[1] ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". unstats.un.org.  ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Demographics of Senegal at Wikimedia Commons

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