This article is about the demographic features of the population of Burkina Faso, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. , year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. Burkina Faso's million people belong to two major West African cultural groups—the Gur (Voltaic) and the Mandé. The Voltaic are far more numerous and include the Mossi, who make up about one-half of the population. The Mossi claim descent from warriors who migrated to present-day Burkina Faso and established an empire that lasted more than 800 years. Predominantly farmers, the Mossi are still bound by the traditions of the Mogho Naba, who hold court in Ouagadougou. About 12,000 Europeans reside in Burkina Faso, the majority of whom are French. Most of Burkina Faso's population is concentrated in the south and center of the country, with a population density sometimes exceeding . This population density, high for Africa, causes annual migrations of hundreds of thousands of Burkinabé to Ivory Coast and Ghana for seasonal agricultural work. About a third of Burkinabé adhere to traditional African religions. The introduction of Islam to Burkina Faso was initially resisted by the Mossi rulers. Christians, predominantly Roman Catholics, are largely concentrated among the urban elite. Few Burkinabé have had formal education. Schooling is free but not compulsory, and only about 29% of Burkina's primary school-age children receive a basic education. The University of Ouagadougou, founded in 1974, was the country's first institution of higher education. The Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso in Bobo-Dioulasso was opened in 1995.


According to the United Nations' Population Division, the total population was 20,903,000 in 2020, compared to only 4,284,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2020 was 44.4%, 53.2% of the population was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 2.4% was 65 years or older.

Vital statistics

Registration of vital events is in Burkina Faso not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.

Fertility and births

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR): Fertility data as of 2013 (DHS Program):

Life expectancy at birth

Other demographic statistics

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. *One birth every 42 seconds *One death every 3 minutes *One net migrant every 21 minutes *Net gain of one person every 55 seconds The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Demographic profile

Burkina Faso has a young age structure – the result of declining mortality combined with steady high fertility – and continues to experience rapid population growth, which is putting increasing pressure on the country's limited arable land. More than 65% of the population is under the age of 25, and the population is growing at 3% annually. Mortality rates, especially those of infants and children, have decreased because of improved health care, hygiene, and sanitation, but women continue to have an average of almost 6 children. Even if fertility were substantially reduced, today's large cohort entering their reproductive years would sustain high population growth for the foreseeable future. Only about a third of the population is literate and unemployment is widespread, dampening the economic prospects of Burkina Faso's large working-age population.


:21,382,659 (July 2021 est.) :''Note'': estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure

:0-14 years: 43.58% (male 4,606,350/female 4,473,951) :15-24 years: 20.33% (male 2,121,012/female 2,114,213) :25-54 years: 29.36% (male 2,850,621/female 3,265,926) :55-64 years: 3.57% (male 321,417/female 423,016) :65 years and over: 3.16% (male 284,838/female 374,057) (2020 est.) :0-14 years: 44.88% (male 4,519,960/female 4,503,937) :15-24 years: 20.07% (male 2,024,501/female 2,012,053) :25-54 years: 29.42% (male 2,999,941/female 2,915,264) :55-64 years: 3.2% (male 284,374/female 359,159) :65 years and over: 2.43% (male 181,996/female 306,324) (2017 est.)

Median age

:Total: 17.9 years Country comparison to the world: 216th :Male: 17.0 years :Female: 18.7 years (2020 est.) :Total: 17.3 years :Male: 17.1 years :Female: 17.4 years (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

:2.58% (2020 est.) Country comparison to the world: 14th :3% (2017 est.)

Birth rate

:34.34 births/1,000 population (2021 est.) Country comparison to the world: 20th

Death rate

:7.92 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.) Country comparison to the world: 89th

Net migration rate

:-0.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.) Country comparison to the world: 131st

Mother's mean age at first birth

:19.4 years (2010 est.) :note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Total fertility rate

:4.39 children born/woman (2021 est.) Country comparison to the world: 18th

Contraceptive prevalence rate

:32.5% (2018/19)


:Urban population: 30.6% of total population (2020) :Rate of urbanization: 4.99% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Sex ratio

:At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female :0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female :15-24 years: 1.00 male(s)/female :25-54 years: 0.87 male(s)/female :55-64 years: 0.76 male(s)/female :65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female :Total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

:Total population: 63.06 years :Male: 61.28 years :Female: 64.89 years (2021 est.)


:Adult prevalence rate: 0.8% (2019 est.) County comparison to the world: 51st :People living with HIV/AIDS: 100,000 (2019 est.) Country comparison to the world: 44th :Deaths: 3,100 (2019 est.) Country comparison to the world: 33rd

Major infectious diseases

:Degree of risk: very high :Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever :Vectorborne disease: malaria and dengue fever :Water contact disease: schistosomiasis :Respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis :Animal contact diseases: rabies (2020)


:Noun: Burkinabé (singular and plural) :Adjective: Burkinabé

Ethnic groups

250px|Bobo men in Bobo-Dioulasso :Mossi 52%, Fulani 8.4%, Gurma 7%, Bobo 4.9%, Gurunsi 4.6%, Senufo 4.5%, Bissa 3.7%, Lobi 2.4%, Dagara 2.4%, Tuareg/Ikelan 1.9%, Dioula 0.8%, Unspecified/No answer 0.3%, Other 7.2% (including Europeans) (2010 est.)


:Islam 61.5%, Roman Catholic 23.3%, Traditional/Animist 7.8%, Protestant 6.5%, Other/No Answer 0.2%, None 0.7% (2010 est.)


:French(official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population


:Definition: age 15 and over can read and write :Total population: 41.2% :Male: 50.1% :Female: 32.7% (2018 est.)

Education expenditure

:5.4% of GDP (2018)


In 2018, an estimated 82,000 people in the country were living under "modern slavery" according to the Global Slavery Index. News reports also indicate that "most child slaves on cocoa farms (Ivory Coast and Ghana) come from Mali and Burkina Faso, two of the poorest nations on Earth. The children, some as young as ten, are sent by their families or trafficked by agents with the promise of money. They are made to work long hours for little or no money."http://theconversation.com/the-modern-slavery-bill-is-a-start-but-it-wont-guarantee-us-sweeter-chocolate-102765


External links

Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie
{{DEFAULTSORT:Demographics Of Burkina Faso Category:Burkinabé society