The Info List - Democratic Confederalism

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Democratic confederalism, also known as Apoism or democratic federalism,[1] is a libertarian socialist and direct-democratic political system developed by Abdullah Öcalan
Abdullah Öcalan
based on the Communalist philosophies of Murray Bookchin. He describes it as "open towards other political groups and factions" and as "flexible, multi-cultural, anti-monopolistic, and consensus-oriented."[2] The ideology is closely associated with the polity of Rojava, where it is the governing political system.


1 History 2 Platform 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] Öcalan, who is the leader of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, founded this ideology while in prison. While originally a Marxist–Leninist organization, the organization modified their views as Öcalan began corresponding with Murray Bookchin
Murray Bookchin
and incorporating some of his ideology. Towards the end of his life, Bookchin became disenchanted with the increasingly apolitical elements of the contemporary anarchist movement and developed libertarian municipalism instead.[3] The central pillar of democratic confederalism is social ecology.[4] According to Öcalan, his ideology is rooted in participatory democracy and autonomy at the local level.[5][non-primary source needed]

The stronger the participation the more powerful is this kind of democracy. While the nation-state is in contrast to democracy, and even denies it, democratic confederalism constitutes a continuous democratic process.

Platform[edit] Main article: Politics of Rojava Adherents do not see the revolutionary overthrow of a state as a way to create sustainable change. Rather, social issues and issues relating to freedom and justice must be resolved by a democratic-confederal process. If a nation-state chooses to go on the offensive, however, supporters may resist with the self-defense force of the democratic confederation (such as the People's Protection Units, YPG).[6][non-primary source needed] Adherents allow the creation of a global confederate assembly which could put forward a platform of civil liberties, as an alternative to the United Nations
United Nations
which they see as an association of nation-states and dominated by the great powers. However under democratic confederalism the focus is on the local level; organizing confederalism globally is not excluded, but not the primary interest of the ideology.[7][non-primary source needed] The ideology has experienced a growth in interest since adherents such as the YPG of the Rojava
conflict have engaged in combat against ISIS.[8] See also[edit]

Direct democracy Jineology Kurdistan Communities Union

Democratic Union Party (Syria) Kurdistan Democratic Solution Party Kurdistan Free Life Party

Rojava Social ecology Communalism Libertarian Municipalism


^ Drott, Carl. "The Syrian Experiment with "Apoism"". Carnegie Middle East Center. Retrieved 30 October 2017.  ^ Öcalan, Abdullah."Democratic Confederalism. Transmedia Publishing Ltd., 2011. p. 21. ^ "The new PKK: unleashing a social revolution in Kurdistan" in RoarMag.org ^ "Anarchists vs. ISIS: The Revolution in Syria Nobody's Talking About". Retrieved 29 November 2015.  ^ Öcalan, Abdullah."Democratic Confederalism. Transmedia Publishing Ltd., 2011. p. 26-27. ^ Öcalan, Abdullah."Democratic Confederalism. Transmedia Publishing Ltd., 2011. p. 32. ^ Öcalan, Abdullah."Democratic Confederalism. Transmedia Publishing Ltd., 2011. p. 31. ^ "After Kobani victory, Kurds expand f