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DELAWARE (/ˈdɛləwɛər/ ( listen )) is a state located in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern regions of the United States
United States
. It is bordered to the south and west by Maryland
Maryland
, to the northeast by New Jersey , and to the north by Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
. The state takes its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr , an English nobleman and Virginia
Virginia
's first colonial governor.

Delaware
Delaware
occupies the northeastern portion of the Delmarva Peninsula and is the second smallest , the sixth least populous , but the sixth most densely populated of the 50 United States. Delaware
Delaware
is divided into three counties , the lowest number of counties of any state. From north to south, the three counties are New Castle , Kent , and Sussex . While the southern two counties have historically been predominantly agricultural, New Castle County has been more industrialized.

Before its coastline was explored by Europeans in the 16th century, Delaware
Delaware
was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans, including the Lenape in the north and Nanticoke in the south. It was initially colonized by Dutch traders at Zwaanendael , near the present town of Lewes , in 1631. Delaware
Delaware
was one of the 13 colonies participating in the American Revolution
American Revolution
. On December 7, 1787, Delaware
Delaware
became the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States
United States
, and has since promoted itself as "The First State".

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Topography * 2.2 Climate * 2.3 Environment * 2.4 Environmental management

* 3 History

* 3.1 Native Americans
Americans
* 3.2 Colonial Delaware
Delaware
* 3.3 American Revolution
American Revolution
* 3.4 Slavery and race

* 4 Demographics

* 4.1 Ancestry * 4.2 Languages * 4.3 Religion * 4.4 Sexual orientation

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Affluence * 5.2 Agriculture

* 5.3 Industries

* 5.3.1 Recent departures

* 5.4 Incorporation in Delaware
Delaware
* 5.5 Food and drink

* 6 Transportation

* 6.1 Roads * 6.2 Ferries * 6.3 Rail and bus * 6.4 Air

* 7 Law and government

* 7.1 Legislative branch * 7.2 Judicial branch * 7.3 Executive branch * 7.4 Counties * 7.5 Politics * 7.6 Freedom of information * 7.7 Government revenue * 7.8 Voter Registration

* 8 Municipalities

* 8.1 Counties * 8.2 Cities * 8.3 Towns * 8.4 Towns (cont.) * 8.5 Villages * 8.6 Unincorporated places * 8.7 Ten wealthiest places in Delaware
Delaware

* 9 Education

* 9.1 Colleges and universities

* 10 Sister cities and states

* 11 Media

* 11.1 Television

* 12 Tourism

* 13 Culture and entertainment

* 13.1 Festivals * 13.2 Sports

* 14 Delaware
Delaware
Native Americans
Americans
* 15 Namesakes * 16 Delawareans * 17 See also * 18 Notes * 19 References * 20 Bibliography * 21 External links

ETYMOLOGY

The state was named after the Delaware River , which in turn derived its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (1577–1618) who was the ruling governor of the Colony of Virginia
Virginia
at the time Europeans first explored the river. The Delaware Indians , a name used by Europeans for Lenape people indigenous to the Delaware
Delaware
Valley, also derive their name from the same source.

The surname de La Warr comes from Sussex
Sussex
and is of Anglo-Norman origin. It came probably from a Norman lieu-dit La Guerre. This toponymic could derive from the Latin word ager, from the Breton gwern or from the Late Latin
Late Latin
varectum (fallow ). The toponyms Gara, Gare, Gaire (the sound often mutated in ) also appear in old texts cited by Lucien Musset , where the word ga(i)ra means gore . It could also be linked with a patronymic from the Old Norse verr.

GEOGRAPHY

Main articles: Twelve-Mile Circle , Wedge (border) , Mason–Dixon Line , and Transpeninsular Line See also: "Counties" section below Map of Delaware
Delaware
The Twelve-Mile Circle Diagram of the Twelve-Mile Circle, the Mason–Dixon line and "The Wedge ". All blue and white areas are inside Delaware. The Blackbird Pond on the Blackbird State Forest Meadows Tract in New Castle County, Delaware A field north of Fox Den Rd., along the Lenape Trail in Middle Run Valley Natural Area . Sunset in Woodbrook, New Castle County, Delaware
Delaware

Delaware
Delaware
is 96 miles (154 km) long and ranges from 9 miles (14 km) to 35 miles (56 km) across, totaling 1,954 square miles (5,060 km2), making it the second-smallest state in the United States
United States
after Rhode Island . Delaware
Delaware
is bounded to the north by Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
; to the east by the Delaware River , Delaware Bay , New Jersey
New Jersey
and the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west and south by Maryland
Maryland
. Small portions of Delaware
Delaware
are also situated on the eastern side of the Delaware River sharing land boundaries with New Jersey. The state of Delaware, together with the Eastern Shore counties of Maryland
Maryland
and two counties of Virginia
Virginia
, form the Delmarva Peninsula , which stretches down the Mid-Atlantic Coast.

The definition of the northern boundary of the state is unusual. Most of the boundary between Delaware
Delaware
and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
was originally defined by an arc extending 12 miles (19.3 km) from the cupola of the courthouse in the city of New Castle . This boundary is often referred to as the Twelve-Mile Circle . This is the only nominally circular state boundary in the United States.

This border extends all the way east to the low-tide mark on the New Jersey shore, then continues south along the shoreline until it again reaches the 12-mile (19 km) arc in the south; then the boundary continues in a more conventional way in the middle of the main channel (thalweg ) of the Delaware
Delaware
River. To the west, a portion of the arc extends past the easternmost edge of Maryland. The remaining western border runs slightly east of due south from its intersection with the arc. The Wedge of land between the northwest part of the arc and the Maryland
Maryland
border was claimed by both Delaware
Delaware
and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
until 1921, when Delaware's claim was confirmed.

TOPOGRAPHY

Delaware
Delaware
is on a level plain, with the lowest mean elevation of any state in the nation. Its highest elevation, located at Ebright Azimuth , near Concord High School , doesn't quite reach 450 feet (140 m) above sea level. The northernmost part of the state is part of the Piedmont Plateau with hills and rolling surfaces. The Atlantic Seaboard fall line approximately follows the Robert Kirkwood Highway between Newark and Wilmington ; south of this road is the Atlantic Coastal Plain with flat, sandy, and, in some parts, swampy ground. A ridge about 75 to 80 feet (23 to 24 m) in elevation extends along the western boundary of the state and separates the watersheds that feed Delaware River and Bay to the east and the Chesapeake Bay to the west.

CLIMATE

Since almost all of Delaware
Delaware
is a part of the Atlantic coastal plain , the effects of the ocean moderate its climate. The state lies in the humid subtropical climate zone. Despite its small size (roughly 100 miles (160 km) from its northernmost to southernmost points), there is significant variation in mean temperature and amount of snowfall between Sussex
Sussex
County and New Castle County. Moderated by the Atlantic Ocean and Delaware
Delaware
Bay, the southern portion of the state has a milder climate and a longer growing season than the northern portion of the state. Delaware's all-time record high of 110 °F (43 °C) was recorded at Millsboro on July 21, 1930. The all-time record low of −17 °F (−27 °C) was also recorded at Millsboro on January 17, 1893.

ENVIRONMENT

The transitional climate of Delaware
Delaware
supports a wide variety of vegetation. In the northern third of the state are found Northeastern coastal forests and mixed oak forests typical of the northeastern United States. In the southern two-thirds of the state are found Middle Atlantic coastal forests . Trap Pond State Park , along with areas in other parts of Sussex
Sussex
County, for example, support the northernmost stands of bald cypress trees in North America
North America
.

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

Delaware
Delaware
provides government subsidy support for the clean-up of property "lightly contaminated" by hazardous waste , the proceeds for which come from a tax on wholesale petroleum sales.

HISTORY

Main article: History of Delaware

NATIVE AMERICANS

Before Delaware
Delaware
was settled by European colonists, the area was home to the Eastern Algonquian tribes known as the Unami Lenape or Delaware throughout the Delaware
Delaware
valley, and the Nanticoke along the rivers leading into the Chesapeake Bay . The Unami Lenape in the Delaware Valley were closely related to Munsee Lenape tribes along the Hudson River . They had a settled hunting and agricultural society, and they rapidly became middlemen in an increasingly frantic fur trade with their ancient enemy, the Minqua or Susquehannock . With the loss of their lands on the Delaware River and the destruction of the Minqua by the Iroquois of the Five Nations in the 1670s, the remnants of the Lenape who wished to remain identified as such left the region and moved over the Alleghany Mountains by the mid-18th century. Generally, those who did not relocate out of the state of Delaware
Delaware
were baptized, became Christian and were grouped together with other persons of color in official records and in the minds of their non-Native American neighbors.

COLONIAL DELAWARE

New Sweden – encounter between Swedish colonists and the natives of Delaware.

The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in present-day Delaware in the middle region by establishing a trading post at Zwaanendael , near the site of Lewes in 1631. Within a year all the settlers were killed in a dispute with area Native American tribes . In 1638 New Sweden , a Swedish trading post and colony, was established at Fort Christina (now in Wilmington ) by Peter Minuit at the head of a group of Swedes, Finns and Dutch. The colony of New Sweden lasted for 17 years. In 1651 the Dutch, reinvigorated by the leadership of Peter Stuyvesant , established a fort at present-day New Castle , and in 1655 they conquered the New Sweden colony, annexing it into the Dutch New Netherland
New Netherland
. Only nine years later, in 1664, the Dutch were conquered by a fleet of English ships by Sir Robert Carr under the direction of James, the Duke of York . Fighting off a prior claim by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore , Proprietor of Maryland
Maryland
, the Duke passed his somewhat dubious ownership on to William Penn
William Penn
in 1682. Penn strongly desired access to the sea for his Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
province and leased what then came to be known as the "Lower Counties on the Delaware" from the Duke.

Penn established representative government and briefly combined his two possessions under one General Assembly in 1682. However, by 1704 the Province of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
had grown so large that their representatives wanted to make decisions without the assent of the Lower Counties and the two groups of representatives began meeting on their own, one at Philadelphia
Philadelphia
, and the other at New Castle. Penn and his heirs remained proprietors of both and always appointed the same person Governor for their Province of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and their territory of the Lower Counties. The fact that Delaware
Delaware
and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
shared the same governor was not unique. From 1703 to 1738 New York and New Jersey shared a governor. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and New Hampshire
New Hampshire
also shared a governor for some time.

Dependent in early years on indentured labor, Delaware
Delaware
imported more slaves as the number of English immigrants decreased with better economic conditions in England. The colony became a slave society and cultivated tobacco as a cash crop, although English immigrants continued to arrive.

AMERICAN REVOLUTION

Like the other middle colonies, the Lower Counties on the Delaware initially showed little enthusiasm for a break with Britain . The citizenry had a good relationship with the Proprietary government, and generally were allowed more independence of action in their Colonial Assembly than in other colonies. Merchants at the port of Wilmington had trading ties with the British.

So it was that New Castle lawyer Thomas McKean denounced the Stamp Act in the strongest terms, and Kent County native John Dickinson became the "Penman of the Revolution." Anticipating the Declaration of Independence, Patriot leaders Thomas McKean and Caesar Rodney convinced the Colonial Assembly to declare itself separated from British and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
rule on June 15, 1776. The person best representing Delaware's majority, George Read , could not bring himself to vote for a Declaration of Independence. Only the dramatic overnight ride of Caesar Rodney gave the delegation the votes needed to cast Delaware's vote for independence.

Initially led by John Haslet , Delaware
Delaware
provided one of the premier regiments in the Continental Army
Continental Army
, known as the " Delaware
Delaware
Blues" and nicknamed the "Blue Hen\'s Chicks ." In August 1777 General Sir William Howe led a British army through Delaware
Delaware
on his way to a victory at the Battle of Brandywine
Battle of Brandywine
and capture of the city of Philadelphia. The only real engagement on Delaware
Delaware
soil was the Battle of Cooch\'s Bridge , fought on September 3, 1777, at Cooch\'s Bridge in New Castle County.

Following the Battle of Brandywine, Wilmington was occupied by the British, and State President John McKinly was taken prisoner. The British remained in control of the Delaware River for much of the rest of the war, disrupting commerce and providing encouragement to an active Loyalist portion of the population, particularly in Sussex County. Because the British promised slaves of rebels freedom for fighting with them, escaped slaves flocked north to join their lines.

Following the American Revolution
American Revolution
, statesmen from Delaware
Delaware
were among the leading proponents of a strong central United States
United States
with equal representation for each state.

SLAVERY AND RACE

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Many colonial settlers came to Delaware
Delaware
from Maryland
Maryland
and Virginia, which had been experiencing a population boom. The economies of these colonies were chiefly based on tobacco culture and were increasingly dependent on slave labor for its intensive cultivation. Most of the English colonists arrived as indentured servants , under contracts to work as laborers for a fixed period to pay for their passage. In the early years the line between indentured servants and African slaves or laborers was fluid, and the working classes often lived closely together. Most of the free African-American families in Delaware before the Revolution had migrated from Maryland
Maryland
to find more affordable land. They were descendants chiefly of relationships or marriages between white servant women and enslaved, servant or free African or African-American men. As the flow of indentured laborers to the colony decreased with improving economic conditions in England, more slaves were imported for labor and the caste lines hardened.

At the end of the colonial period, the number of enslaved people in Delaware
Delaware
began to decline. Shifts in the agriculture economy from tobacco to mixed farming created less need for slaves' labor. Local Methodists and Quakers encouraged slaveholders to free their slaves following the American Revolution, and many did so in a surge of individual manumissions for idealistic reasons. By 1810 three-quarters of all blacks in Delaware
Delaware
were free. When John Dickinson freed his slaves in 1777, he was Delaware's largest slave owner with 37 slaves. By 1860, the largest slaveholder owned 16 slaves.

Although attempts to abolish slavery failed by narrow margins in the legislature, in practical terms, the state had mostly ended the practice. By the 1860 census on the verge of the Civil War , 91.7% of the black population were free; 1,798 were slaves, as compared to 19,829 "free colored persons".

The independent black denomination was chartered by freed slave Peter Spencer in 1813 as the "Union Church of Africans ". This followed the 1793 establishment of the African Methodist
Methodist
Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, which had ties to the Methodist
Methodist
Episcopal Church until 1816. Spencer built a church in Wilmington for the new denomination.

This was renamed the African Union First Colored Methodist
Methodist
Protestant Church and Connection , more commonly known as the A.U.M.P. Church . Begun by Spencer in 1814, the annual gathering of the Big August Quarterly still draws people together in a religious and cultural festival, the oldest such cultural festival in the nation.

Delaware
Delaware
voted against secession on January 3, 1861, and so remained in the Union. While most Delaware
Delaware
citizens who fought in the war served in the regiments of the state, some served in companies on the Confederate side in Maryland
Maryland
and Virginia
Virginia
Regiments. Delaware
Delaware
is notable for being the only slave state from which no Confederate regiments or militia groups were assembled. Delaware
Delaware
essentially freed the few slaves that were still in bondage shortly after the Civil War, but rejected the 13th , 14th , and 15th Amendments to the Constitution; the 13th Amendment was rejected on February 8, 1865, the 14th Amendment was rejected on February 8, 1867, and the 15th Amendment was rejected on March 18, 1869. Delaware
Delaware
officially ratified the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments on February 12, 1901.

DEMOGRAPHICS

Delaware
Delaware
population density map

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1790 59,096

1800 64,273

8.8%

1810 72,674

13.1%

1820 72,749

0.1%

1830 76,748

5.5%

1840 78,085

1.7%

1850 91,532

17.2%

1860 112,216

22.6%

1870 125,015

11.4%

1880 146,608

17.3%

1890 168,493

14.9%

1900 184,735

9.6%

1910 202,322

9.5%

1920 223,003

10.2%

1930 238,380

6.9%

1940 266,505

11.8%

1950 318,085

19.4%

1960 446,292

40.3%

1970 548,104

22.8%

1980 594,338

8.4%

1990 666,168

12.1%

2000 783,600

17.6%

2010 897,934

14.6%

EST. 2016 952,065

6.0%

Source: 1910–2010 2015 estimate

The United States
United States
Census Bureau estimates that the population of Delaware
Delaware
was 952,065 people on July 1, 2016, a 6.0% increase since the 2010 United States
United States
Census .

ANCESTRY

According to the 2010 United States
United States
Census, Delaware
Delaware
had a population of 897,934 people. The racial composition of the state was:

* 68.9% White American (65.3% Non-Hispanic White , 3.6% White Hispanic ) * 21.4% Black or African American * 0.5% American Indian and Alaska Native
Alaska Native
* 3.2% Asian American * 0.0% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander * 3.4% some other race * 2.7% Multiracial American

Ethnically, Hispanics and Latinos of any race made up 8.2% of the population.

DELAWARE RACIAL BREAKDOWN OF POPULATION RACIAL COMPOSITION 1990 2000 2010

White 80.3% 74.6% 68.9%

Black 16.9% 19.2% 21.4%

Asian 1.4% 2.1% 3.2%

Native 0.3% 0.4% 0.5%

Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander – – –

Other race 1.1% 2.0% 3.4%

Two or more races – 1.7% 2.7%

Delaware
Delaware
is the sixth most densely populated state, with a population density of 442.6 people per square mile, 356.4 per square mile more than the national average, and ranking 45th in population. Delaware
Delaware
is one of five states that do not have a single city with a population over 100,000 as of the 2010 census, the other four being West Virginia, Vermont, Maine
Maine
and Wyoming. The center of population of Delaware
Delaware
is located in New Castle County, in the town of Townsend .

As of 2011, 49.7% of Delaware's population younger than one year of age belonged to minority groups (i.e., did not have two parents of non-Hispanic white ancestry). In 2000 approximately 19% of the population were African-American and 5% of the population is Hispanic (mostly of Puerto Rican or Mexican ancestry).

The largest European ancestry groups in Delaware
Delaware
are, according to 2012 Census Bureau estimates:

* Irish 18.1% * German 15.6% * English 11.7% * Italian 10.0% * Polish 4.8% * American 4.5% * French 2.5% * Scottish 1.8%

Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live Births by Race/Ethnicity of Mother RACE 2013 2014 2015

White : 7,204 (66.5%) 7,314 (66.7%) 7,341 (65.7%)

Non-Hispanic White 5,942 (54.8%) 5,904 (53.8%) 5,959 (53.4%)

Black 3,061 (28.3%) 2,988 (27.2%) 3,134 (28.1%)

Asian 541 (5.0%) 644 (5.9%) 675 (6.1%)

Native 25 (0.2%) 26 (0.2%) 16 (0.1%)

Hispanic (of any race) 1,348 (12.4%) 1,541 (14.0%) 1,532 (13.7%)

TOTAL DELAWARE 10,831 (100%) 10,972 (100%) 11,166 (100%)

LANGUAGES

As of 2000 91% of Delaware
Delaware
residents age 5 and older speak only English at home; 5% speak Spanish. French is the third most spoken language at 0.7%, followed by Chinese at 0.5% and German at 0.5%.

Legislation had been proposed in both the House and the Senate in Delaware
Delaware
to designate English as the official language . Neither bill was passed in the legislature.

RELIGION

The religious affiliations of the people of Delaware
Delaware
are:

* Methodist
Methodist
– 20% * Baptist
Baptist
– 19% * No religion – 17% * Roman Catholic – 9% * Lutheran – 4% * Presbyterian – 5% * Pentecostal – 3% * Episcopalian/Anglican – 2% * Seventh-day Adventist – 2% * Churches of Christ – 1% * Other Christian – 3% * Muslim – 2% * Jewish – 1% * Other – 5% * Refused – 9%

As of the year 2010, The Association of Religion Data Archives reported that the three largest denominational groups in Delaware
Delaware
by number of adherents are the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
at 182,532 adherents, the United Methodist
Methodist
Church with 53,656 members reported, and non-denominational Evangelical Protestant with 22,973 adherents reported. The religious body with the largest number of congregations is the United Methodist
Methodist
Church (with 158 congregations) followed by non-denominational Evangelical Protestant (with 106 congregations), then the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(with 45 congregations).

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Wilmington
Roman Catholic Diocese of Wilmington
and the Episcopal Diocese of Delaware
Delaware
oversee the parishes within their denominations. The A.U.M.P. Church, the oldest African-American denomination in the nation, was founded in Wilmington. It still has a substantial presence in the state. Reflecting new immigrant populations, an Islamic mosque has been built in the Ogletown area, and a Hindu temple
Hindu temple
in Hockessin .

Delaware
Delaware
is home to an Amish
Amish
community that resides to the west of Dover in Kent County .

A 2012 survey of religious attitudes in the United States
United States
found that 34% of Delaware
Delaware
residents considered themselves "moderately religious," 33% "very religious," and 33% as "non-religious."

SEXUAL ORIENTATION

A 2012 Gallup poll found that Delaware's proportion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adults stood at 3.4 percent of the population. This constitutes a total LGBT adult population estimate of 23,698 people. The number of same-sex couple households in 2010 stood at 2,646. This grew by 41.65% from a decade earlier. On July 1, 2013, same-sex marriage was legalized, and all civil unions would be converted into marriages.

ECONOMY

See also: Delaware locations by per capita income For taxes, see § Government revenue .

AFFLUENCE

Average sale price for new "> "Picking Peaches in Delaware" from an 1878 issue of Harper\'s Weekly

Delaware's agricultural output consists of poultry, nursery stock, soybeans , dairy products and corn .

INDUSTRIES

As of October 2015, the state's unemployment rate was 5.1%.

The state's largest employers are:

* government (State of Delaware, New Castle County) * education ( University of Delaware , Delaware
Delaware
Technical & Community College ) * banking ( Bank of America
Bank of America
, M&T Bank , JPMorgan Chase
JPMorgan Chase
, Citigroup , Deutsche Bank ) * chemical, pharmaceutical, technology (E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. , AstraZeneca
AstraZeneca
, Syngenta , Agilent Technologies ) * healthcare ( Christiana Care Health System , Bayhealth Medical Center, Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children ) * farming, specifically chicken farming in Sussex
Sussex
County (Perdue Farms , Mountaire Farms, Allen Family Foods ) * retail ( Walmart
Walmart
, Walgreens
Walgreens
, Acme Markets )

Dover Air Force Base , located next to the state capital of Dover , is one of the largest Air Force bases in the country and is a major employer in Delaware. In addition to its other responsibilities in the United States
United States
Air Force Air Mobility Command
Air Mobility Command
, this air base serves as the entry point and mortuary for American military personnel and some U.S. government civilians who die overseas.

Recent Departures

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The recent merger of E.I. du Pont de Nemours "> The current state license plate design was introduced in 1959, making it the longest-running license plate design in United States
United States
history.

The transportation system in Delaware
Delaware
is under the governance and supervision of the Delaware Department of Transportation , also known as "DelDOT". Funding for DelDOT projects is drawn, in part, from the Delaware
Delaware
Transportation Trust Fund, established in 1987 to help stabilize transportation funding; the availability of the Trust led to a gradual separation of DelDOT operations from other Delaware
Delaware
state operations. DelDOT manages programs such as a Delaware Adopt-a-Highway program, major road route snow removal, traffic control infrastructure (signs and signals), toll road management, Delaware
Delaware
Division of Motor Vehicles , the Delaware
Delaware
Transit Corporation (branded as " DART First State ", the state government public transportation organization), among others. In 2009, DelDOT maintained 13,507 lane miles of roads, totaling 89 percent of the state's public roadway system; the remaining public road miles are under the supervision of individual municipalities. This far exceeds the United States national average of 20 percent for state department of transportation maintenance responsibility.

The "DART First State" public transportation system was named "Most Outstanding Public Transportation System" in 2003 by the American Public Transportation Association . Coverage of the system is broad within northern New Castle County with close association to major highways in Kent and Sussex
Sussex
counties. The system includes bus, subsidized passenger rail operated by Philadelphia
Philadelphia
transit agency SEPTA, and subsidized taxi and paratransit modes. The paratransit system, consisting of a statewide door-to-door bus service for the elderly and disabled, has been described by a Delaware
Delaware
state report as "the most generous paratransit system in the United States." As of 2012 , fees for the paratransit service have not changed since 1988.

ROADS

Further information: Delaware State Route System Delaware
Delaware
Route 1 (DE 1), a partial toll road linking Fenwick Island and Wilmington .

One major branch of the U.S. Interstate Highway System , Interstate 95 (I-95), crosses Delaware
Delaware
southwest-to-northeast across New Castle County. In addition to I-95, there are six U.S. highways that serve Delaware: U.S. Route 9 (US 9), US 13 , US 40 , US 113 , US 202 , and US 301 . There are also several state highways that cross the state of Delaware; a few of them include Delaware Route 1 (DE 1), DE 9 , and DE 404 . US 13 and DE 1 are primary north-south highways connecting Wilmington and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
with Maryland, with DE 1 serving as the main route between Wilmington and the Delaware beaches . DE 9 is a north-south highway connecting Dover and Wilmington via a scenic route along the Delaware Bay . US 40, is a primary east-west route, connecting Maryland
Maryland
with New Jersey. DE 404 is another primary east-west highway connecting the Chesapeake Bay Bridge in Maryland with the Delaware
Delaware
beaches. The state also operates two toll highways, the Delaware Turnpike , which is I-95, between Maryland
Maryland
and New Castle and the Korean War Veterans Memorial Highway, which is DE 1, between Wilmington and Dover.

A bicycle route, Delaware Bicycle Route 1 , spans the north-south length of the state from the Maryland
Maryland
border in Fenwick Island to the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
border north of Montchanin . It is the first of several signed bike routes planned in Delaware.

Delaware
Delaware
has around 1,450 bridges, 95 percent of which are under the supervision of DelDOT. About 30 percent of all Delaware
Delaware
bridges were built before 1950, and about 60 percent of the number are included in the National Bridge Inventory . Some bridges not under DelDOT supervision includes the four bridges on the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal , which are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers , and the Delaware Memorial Bridge , which is under the bi-state Delaware River and Bay Authority .

It has been noted that the tar and chip composition of secondary roads in Sussex
Sussex
County make them more prone to deterioration than asphalt roadways found in almost the rest of the state. Among these roads, Sussex
Sussex
(county road) 236 is among the most problematic.

FERRIES

Cape May-Lewes Ferry

There are three ferries that operate in the state of Delaware:

* Cape May-Lewes Ferry crosses the mouth of the Delaware Bay between Lewes, Delaware and Cape May, New Jersey
New Jersey
. * Woodland Ferry is a cable ferry that crosses the Nanticoke River southwest of Seaford . * Forts Ferry Crossing connects Delaware City with Fort Delaware
Fort Delaware
and Fort Mott , New Jersey

RAIL AND BUS

Wilmington Station

Amtrak
Amtrak
has two stations in Delaware
Delaware
along the Northeast Corridor ; the relatively quiet Newark Rail Station in Newark, and the busier Wilmington Rail Station in Wilmington. The Northeast Corridor is also served by SEPTA
SEPTA
's Wilmington/Newark Line of Regional Rail , which serves Claymont , Wilmington, Churchmans Crossing , and Newark.

Two Class I railroads , Norfolk Southern and CSX , provide freight rail service in northern New Castle County. Norfolk Southern provides freight service along the Northeast Corridor and to industrial areas in Edgemoor , New Castle , and Delaware City . CSX's Philadelphia Subdivision passes through northern New Castle County parallel to the Amtrak
Amtrak
Northeast Corridor. Multiple short-line railroads provide freight service in Delaware. The Delmarva Central Railroad operates the most trackage of the short-line railroads, running from an interchange with Norfolk Southern in Porter south through Dover , Harrington , and Seaford to Delmar , with another line running from Harrington to Frankford . The Delmarva Central Railroad connects with two shortline railroads, the Delaware Coast Line Railroad and the Maryland
Maryland
and Delaware
Delaware
Railroad , which serve local customers in Sussex County. CSX connects with the freight/heritage operation, the Wilmington and Western Railroad , based in Wilmington and the East Penn Railroad , which operates a line from Wilmington to Coatesville, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
.

The last north-south passenger train through the main part of Delaware
Delaware
was the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad 's The Cavalier, which ended service from Philadelphia
Philadelphia
through the state's interior in 1951.

AIR

See also: Aviation in Delaware

As of 2016 , there is no scheduled air service from any Delaware airport, as has been the case in various years since 1991. Various airlines had served Wilmington Airport , with the latest departure being Frontier Airlines
Frontier Airlines
in April 2015.

Delaware
Delaware
is centrally situated in the Northeast megalopolis region of cities along I-95 . Therefore, Delaware
Delaware
commercial airline passengers most frequently use Philadelphia
Philadelphia
International Airport (PHL), Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI) and Washington Dulles International Airport (IAD) for domestic and international transit. Residents of Sussex
Sussex
County will also use Wicomico Regional Airport (SBY), as it is located less than 10 miles (16 km) from the Delaware
Delaware
border. Atlantic City International Airport (ACY), Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR), and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA) are also within a 100-mile (160 km) radius of New Castle County.

The Dover Air Force Base of the Air Mobility Command
Air Mobility Command
is located in the central part of the state, and it is the home of the 436th Airlift Wing and the 512th Airlift Wing .

Other general aviation airports in Delaware
Delaware
include Summit Airport near Middletown , Delaware Airpark near Cheswold , and Delaware Coastal Airport near Georgetown .

LAW AND GOVERNMENT

Delaware's fourth and current constitution, adopted in 1897, provides for executive, judicial and legislative branches.

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

The Delaware General Assembly meets in the Legislative Hall in Dover .

The Delaware General Assembly consists of a House of Representatives with 41 members and a Senate with 21 members. It sits in Dover, the state capital. Representatives are elected to two-year terms, while senators are elected to four-year terms. The Senate confirms judicial and other nominees appointed by the governor.

Delaware's U.S. Senators are Tom Carper (Democrat) and Chris Coons (Democrat). Delaware's single U.S. Representative is Lisa Blunt Rochester (Democrat).

JUDICIAL BRANCH

The Delaware
Delaware
Constitution establishes a number of courts:

* The Delaware Supreme Court is the state's highest court. * The Delaware Superior Court is the state's trial court of general jurisdiction. * The Delaware Court of Chancery deals primarily in corporate disputes. * The Family Court handles domestic and custody matters. * The Delaware Court of Common Pleas has jurisdiction over a limited class of civil and criminal matters.

Minor non-constitutional courts include the Justice of the Peace Courts and Aldermen's Courts.

Significantly, Delaware
Delaware
has one of the few remaining Courts of Chancery in the nation, which has jurisdiction over equity cases, the vast majority of which are corporate disputes, many relating to mergers and acquisitions . The Court of Chancery and the Delaware Supreme Court have developed a worldwide reputation for rendering concise opinions concerning corporate law which generally (but not always) grant broad discretion to corporate boards of directors and officers. In addition, the Delaware General Corporation Law
Delaware General Corporation Law
, which forms the basis of the Courts' opinions, is widely regarded as giving great flexibility to corporations to manage their affairs. For these reasons, Delaware
Delaware
is considered to have the most business-friendly legal system in the United States; therefore a great number of companies are incorporated in Delaware
Delaware
, including 60% of the companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
. Delaware
Delaware
was the last US state to use judicial corporal punishment , in 1952.

EXECUTIVE BRANCH

See also: List of Governors of Delaware

The executive branch is headed by the Governor of Delaware . The present governor is John Carney (Democrat), who took office January 20, 2009. The lieutenant governor is Bethany Hall-Long . The governor presents a " State of the State " speech to a joint session of the Delaware
Delaware
legislature annually.

COUNTIES

Delaware
Delaware
is subdivided into three counties ; from north to south they are New Castle , Kent and Sussex
Sussex
. This is the fewest among all states. Each county elects its own legislative body (known in New Castle and Sussex
Sussex
counties as COUNTY COUNCIL, and in Kent County as LEVY COURT), which deal primarily in zoning and development issues. Most functions which are handled on a county-by-county basis in other states – such as court and law enforcement – have been centralized in Delaware, leading to a significant concentration of power in the Delaware
Delaware
state government. The counties were historically divided into hundreds , which were used as tax reporting and voting districts until the 1960s, but now serve no administrative role, their only current official legal use being in real-estate title descriptions.

POLITICS

See also: United States
United States
presidential election in Delaware, 2016 and Political party strength in Delaware

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS RESULTS YEAR REPUBLICAN DEMOCRAT

2016 41.92% 185,127 53.35% 235,603

2012 39.98% 165,484 58.61% 242,584

2008 37.37% 152,356 62.63% 255,394

2004 45.75% 171,660 53.35% 200,152

2000 41.90% 137,288 54.96% 180,068

1996 36.58% 99,062 51.82% 140,955

1992 35.33% 102,313 43.52% 126,054

1988 55.88% 139,639 43.48% 108,647

1984 59.78% 152,190 39.93% 101,656

1980 47.21% 111,252 44.87% 105,754

1976 46.57% 109,831 51.98% 122,596

1972 59.60% 140,357 39.18% 92,283

1968 45.12% 96,714 41.61% 89,194

1964 38.78% 78,078 60.95% 122,704

1960 49.00% 96,373 50.63% 99,590

Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election.

The Democratic Party holds a plurality of registrations in Delaware. Until the 2000 presidential election , the state tended to be a Presidential bellwether , sending its three electoral votes to the winning candidate since 1952. This trend ended in 2000 when Delaware's electoral votes went to Al Gore
Al Gore
. In 2004 John Kerry
John Kerry
won Delaware
Delaware
by eight percentage points. In 2008 Democrat Barack Obama
Barack Obama
defeated Republican John McCain in Delaware
Delaware
62.63% to 37.37%. Obama's running mate was Joe Biden
Joe Biden
, who had represented Delaware
Delaware
in the United States Senate since 1973. Obama carried Delaware
Delaware
again in 2012. In 2016, Delaware's electoral votes went to Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
.

Delaware's swing to the Democrats is in part due to a strong Democratic trend in New Castle County, home to 55 percent of Delaware's population (the two smaller counties have only 359,000 people between them to New Castle's 535,000). New Castle has not voted Republican in a presidential election since 1988. In 1992, 2000, 2004, and 2016, the Republican presidential candidate carried both Kent and Sussex
Sussex
but lost by double-digits each time in New Castle, which was a large enough margin to swing the state to the Democrats. New Castle also elects a substantial majority of the legislature; 27 of the 41 state house districts and 14 of the 21 state senate districts are based in New Castle.

The Democrats have held the governorship since 1993, having won the last six gubernatorial elections in a row. Democrats presently hold seven of the nine statewide elected offices, while the Republicans hold only two statewide offices, State Auditor and State Treasurer .

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION

See also: Freedom of information in the United States
United States
§ State legislation

Each of the 50 states of the United States
United States
has passed some form of freedom of information legislation, which provides a mechanism for the general public to request information of the government. In 2011 Delaware
Delaware
passed legislation placing a 15 business day time limit on addressing freedom-of-information requests, to either produce information or an explanation of why such information would take longer than this time to produce.

GOVERNMENT REVENUE

Delaware
Delaware
has six different income tax brackets, ranging from 2.2% to 5.95%. The state does not assess sales tax on consumers. The state does, however, impose a tax on the gross receipts of most businesses. Business and occupational license tax rates range from 0.096% to 1.92%, depending on the category of business activity.

Delaware
Delaware
does not assess a state-level tax on real or personal property. Real estate is subject to county property taxes , school district property taxes, vocational school district taxes, and, if located within an incorporated area, municipal property taxes.

Gambling provides significant revenue to the state. For instance, the casino at Delaware
Delaware
Park Racetrack provided more than $100 million USD to the state in 2010.

VOTER REGISTRATION

VOTER REGISTRATION AND PARTY ENROLLMENT AS OF MARCH 2017

PARTY NUMBER OF VOTERS PERCENTAGE

Democratic 330,631 47.38%

Republican 194,920 27.93%

Unaffiliated 159,625 22.88%

Independent Party of Delaware 5,597 0.80%

Libertarian 1,612 0.23%

Green 857 0.12%

Non Partisan 797 0.11%

American Delta Party 794 0.11%

Others 530 0.08%

Conservative 444 0.06%

American Independent Party 441 0.06%

Working Families Party 420 0.06%

Liberal 369 0.05%

Constitution 310 0.04%

Blue Enigma Party 145 0.04%

Socialist Workers Party 126 0.02%

Natural Law Party 85 0.01%

Constitution 66 0.01%

TOTAL 697,769 100%

MUNICIPALITIES

Wilmington is the state's largest city and its economic hub. It is located within commuting distance of both Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Baltimore. All regions of Delaware
Delaware
are enjoying phenomenal growth, with Dover and the beach resorts expanding at a rapid rate. Further information: List of Delaware
Delaware
municipalities

COUNTIES

* Kent * New Castle * Sussex
Sussex

CITIES

* Delaware City * Dover * Harrington * Lewes * Middletown * Milford * New Castle * Newark * Rehoboth Beach * Seaford * Wilmington

TOWNS

* Bellefonte * Bethany Beach * Bethel * Blades * Bowers * Bridgeville * Camden * Cheswold * Clayton * Dagsboro * Delmar * Dewey Beach * Ellendale * Elsmere

TOWNS (CONT.)

* Farmington * Felton * Fenwick Island * Frankford * Frederica * Georgetown * Greenwood * Hartly * Henlopen Acres * Houston * Kenton * Laurel * Leipsic * Little Creek * Magnolia * Millsboro * Millville * Milton * Newport * Ocean View * Odessa * Selbyville * Slaughter Beach * Smyrna * South Bethany * Townsend * Viola * Woodside * Wyoming
Wyoming

VILLAGES

* Arden * Ardencroft * Ardentown * Woodland

UNINCORPORATED PLACES

* Bear * Brookside * Christiana * Clarksville * Claymont * Dover Base Housing * Edgemoor * Glasgow * Greenville * Gumboro * Harbeson * Highland Acres * Hockessin * Kent Acres * Lincoln City * Long Neck * Marshallton * Mount Pleasant * North Star * Oak Orchard * Omar * Pennyhill * Pike Creek * Rising Sun-Lebanon * Riverview * Rodney Village * Roxana * Saint Georges * Stanton * Wilmington Manor * Woodside East * Yorklyn

Dover Newark Seaford Wilmington

TEN WEALTHIEST PLACES IN DELAWARE

RANKED BY PER CAPITA INCOME

* Greenville : $83,223 * Henlopen Acres : $82,091 * South Bethany : $53,624 * Dewey Beach : $51,958 * Fenwick Island : $44,415 * Bethany Beach : $41,306 * Hockessin : $40,516 * North Star : $39,677 * Rehoboth Beach : $38,494 * Ardentown : $35,577

Further information: Delaware locations by per capita income

EDUCATION

University of Delaware

Delaware
Delaware
was the origin of Belton v. Gebhart , one of the four cases which was combined into Brown v. Board of Education , the Supreme Court of the United States
United States
decision that led to the end of segregated public schools. Significantly, Belton was the only case in which the state court found for the plaintiffs, thereby ruling that segregation was unconstitutional.

Unlike many states, Delaware's educational system is centralized in a state Superintendent of Education, with local school boards retaining control over taxation and some curriculum decisions.

As of 2011 , the Delaware
Delaware
Department of Education had authorized the founding of 25 charter schools in the state, one of them being all-girls .

All teachers in the State's public school districts are unionized. As of January 2012 , none of the State's charter schools are members of a teachers union . One of the State's teachers' unions is Delaware State Education Association (DSEA), whose President as of January 2012 is Frederika Jenner.

COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

* Delaware College of Art and Design * Delaware State University * Delaware
Delaware
Technical vertical-align: top;">

* University of Delaware * Wesley College * Widener University School of Law * Wilmington University

SISTER CITIES AND STATES

Delaware's sister state in Japan is Miyagi Prefecture .

MEDIA

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (March 2017)

See also: Category: Delaware
Delaware
media

TELEVISION

The northern part of the state is served by network stations in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and the southern part by network stations in Baltimore and Salisbury, Maryland
Maryland
. Philadelphia's ABC affiliate, WPVI-TV , maintains a news bureau in downtown Wilmington. Salisbury's ABC affiliate, WMDT covers Sussex
Sussex
and lower Kent County; while CBS affiliate, WBOC-TV , maintains bureaus in Dover and Milton.

Few television stations are based solely in Delaware; the local PBS station from Philadelphia
Philadelphia
(but licensed to Wilmington), WHYY-TV , maintains a studio and broadcasting facility in Wilmington and Dover, Ion Television
Ion Television
affiliate WPPX is licensed to Wilmington but maintains their offices in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and their digital transmitter outside of that city and an analog tower in New Jersey, and MeTV affiliate KJWP is licensed to Wilmington but maintains their offices in New Jersey and their transmitter is located at the antenna farm in Philadelphia.

In April 2014, it was revealed that Rehoboth Beach 's WRDE-LD would affiliate with NBC
NBC
, becoming the first major network-affiliated station in Delaware.

TOURISM

This section MAY CONTAIN INDISCRIMINATE , EXCESSIVE , OR IRRELEVANT EXAMPLES. Please improve the article by adding more descriptive text and removing less pertinent examples . See's guide to writing better articles for further suggestions. (June 2014)

Rehoboth Beach is a popular vacation spot during the summer months Fort Delaware
Fort Delaware
State Park on Pea Patch Island is a popular spot during the spring and summer. A ferry takes visitors to the fort from nearby Delaware City .

In addition to First State National Historical Park , Delaware
Delaware
has several museums , wildlife refuges , parks , houses , lighthouses , and other historic places .

Rehoboth Beach , together with the towns of Lewes , Dewey Beach , Bethany Beach , South Bethany , and Fenwick Island , comprise Delaware\'s beach resorts . Rehoboth Beach often bills itself as "The Nation's Summer Capital" because it is a frequent summer vacation destination for Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
residents as well as visitors from Maryland, Virginia, and in lesser numbers, Pennsylvania. Vacationers are drawn for many reasons, including the town's charm, artistic appeal, nightlife, and tax free shopping. According to SeaGrant Delaware, the Delaware
Delaware
Beaches generate $6.9 billion annually and over $711 million in tax revenue.

Delaware
Delaware
is home to several festivals, fairs, and events. Some of the more notable festivals are the Riverfest held in Seaford , the World Championship Punkin Chunkin held at various locations throughout the state since 1986, the Rehoboth Beach Chocolate Festival, the Bethany Beach Jazz Funeral to mark the end of summer, the Apple Scrapple Festival held in Bridgeville , the Clifford Brown Jazz Festival in Wilmington, the Rehoboth Beach Jazz Festival, the Sea Witch Halloween Festival and Parade in Rehoboth Beach, the Rehoboth Beach Independent Film Festival, the Nanticoke Indian Pow Wow in Oak Orchard , Firefly Music Festival , and the Return Day Parade held after every election in Georgetown .

CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT

FESTIVALS

Main article: Delaware festivals

SPORTS

Professional Teams

TEAM SPORT LEAGUE

Wilmington Blue Rocks Baseball Carolina League

Diamond State Roller Girls Roller Derby
Roller Derby
Women\'s Flat Track Derby Association

Delaware 87ers Basketball
Basketball
NBA G League

Delaware Black Foxes Rugby USA Rugby League

NASCAR
NASCAR
racing at Dover International Speedway

As Delaware
Delaware
has no franchises in the major American professional sports leagues, many Delawareans follow either Philadelphia
Philadelphia
or Baltimore
Baltimore
teams. The University of Delaware\'s football team has a large following throughout the state with the Delaware
Delaware
State University and Wesley College teams also enjoying a smaller degree of support.

Delaware
Delaware
is home to Dover International Speedway and Dover Downs . DIS, also known as the Monster Mile, hosts two NASCAR
NASCAR
race weekends each year, one in the late spring and one in the early fall. Dover Downs is a popular harness racing facility. It is the only co-located horse and car-racing facility in the nation, with the Dover Downs track located inside the DIS track.

Delaware
Delaware
is represented in USA Rugby League by 2015 expansion club, the Delaware Black Foxes .

Delaware
Delaware
has been home to professional wrestling outfit Combat Zone Wrestling (CZW). CZW has been affiliated with the annual Tournament of Death and ECWA with its annual Super 8 Tournament .

Delaware's official state sport is bicycling .

DELAWARE NATIVE AMERICANS

Delaware
Delaware
is also the name of a Native American group (called in their own language Lenni Lenape ) that was influential in the colonial period of the United States
United States
and is today headquartered in Cheswold, Kent County, Delaware. A band of the Nanticoke tribe of American Indians today resides in Sussex
Sussex
County and is headquartered in Millsboro, Sussex
Sussex
County, Delaware.

NAMESAKES

* Several ships have been named USS Delaware in honor of this state.

DELAWAREANS

Main article: List of people from Delaware

SEE ALSO

* Delaware
Delaware
portal

* List of places in Delaware * National Register of Historic Places listings in Delaware * Visit Delaware * List of tallest buildings in Wilmington, Delaware

NOTES

* ^ While the U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
designates Delaware
Delaware
as one of the South Atlantic States , it is usually grouped with the Mid-Atlantic States or the Northeastern United States . * ^ Because of surveying errors, the actual line is several compound arcs with centers at different points in New Castle.

REFERENCES

* ^ Melissa Nann Burke (January 5, 2015). " Delaware
Delaware
a Small Wonder no more?". Delaware
Delaware
Online. Retrieved March 10, 2015. * ^ The State of Delaware. "State of Delaware". delaware.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2015. * ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
. June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017. * ^ "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016. * ^ A B "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey . 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011. * ^ Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988 . * ^ Schenck, William S. "Highest Point in Delaware". Delaware Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 20, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2008. * ^ Molly Murray (January 6, 2015). "Delaware\'s new tourism brand: Endless Discoveries". Delaware
Delaware
Online. Retrieved March 10, 2015. * ^ Random House Dictionary. * ^ "Delaware". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved February 24, 2007. * ^ Myers, Albert Cook (1912). Narratives of Early Pennsylvania, West New Jersey
New Jersey
and Delaware, 1630–1707, Volume 13. C. Scribner's Sons. p. 8. * ^ "The First to Ratify" would be more accurate, as the beginnings of the states themselves date back to the Declaration of Independence, celebrated July 4, 1776, when what was to become the State of Delaware was still the three lower counties of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
with the governor in Philadelphia, and not establishing independence from that body until September 20, 1776 . According to Delaware's own website, " Delaware
Delaware
became a state in 1776, just two months after the signing of the Declaration of Independence." (ref-pdf) Therefore Delaware
Delaware
was actually the last of the thirteen colonies to establish itself as a state. Additionally, the Delaware
Delaware
State Quarter is minted with this nickname, yet shows Caesar Rodney on horseback in commemoration of how he was the last delegate to show up to the Continental Congress for the historic vote for independence. And with regard to the original Articles of Confederation, Delaware
Delaware
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Delaware
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American Revolution
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Americans
in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland
Maryland
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Virginia
Library, archived from the original on October 11, 2014, retrieved November 30, 2012 * ^ Dalleo, Peter T. (June 27, 1997). "The Growth of Delaware\'s Antebellum Free African Community". University of Delaware. * ^ "Resident Population Data". Census. 2010. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2011. * ^ A B "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016". 2015 Population Estimates. United States
United States
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* ^ Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States Archived copy at WebCite (June 22, 2013). * ^ Population of Delaware: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts * ^ Center for New Media and Promotions(C2PO). "2010 Census Data". census.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2015. * ^ Voting (press release), US : Census, archived from the original on February 4, 2008 * ^ "Population and Population Centers by State". United States Census Bureau . 2000. Archived from the original (plain text) on June 22, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2007. * ^ Exner, Rich (June 3, 2012). " Americans
Americans
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Delaware
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Delaware
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Amish
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Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
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DuPont
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Delaware
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Delaware
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(F.Y. 2002 – F.Y. 2005)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 16, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2011. * ^ "Financial Secrecy Index" (PDF). Tax Justice Network. November 1, 2009. * ^ "Financial Secrecy Index" (PDF). Tax Justice Network. October 4, 2011. * ^ "State of Delaware
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Delaware
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Bicycle Facility Master Plan". Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 28, 2010. * ^ A B Justin Williams (April 17, 2011). "Anything Once: On the road, taking plenty of pot shots". News Journal. Wilmington, Delaware: Gannett. DelawareOnline. Retrieved April 17, 2011. * ^ "Delmarva Central Railroad". Carload Express. Retrieved March 27, 2017. * ^ Baer, Christopher T (2009), Named Trains of The PRR Including Through Services (PDF), PRRTHS * ^ See Wilmington Airport for history and details. * ^ "The Delaware
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Division of Corporations. Archived from the original on February 28, 2007. Retrieved July 23, 2008. * ^ Pleck, Elizabeth Hefkin (2004). Domestic tyranny: the making of American social policy against family. University of Illinois
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Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-252-07175-1 . * ^ " Delaware House of Representatives Minority Caucus". 2010. Archived from the original on January 24, 2010. Retrieved January 24, 2001. * ^ "The Hundreds of Delaware". Department of State: Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs. Delaware
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State Archives. Archived from the original on June 17, 2010. Retrieved September 28, 2010. * ^ Bennett, Rep.; Peterson, Sen.; Katz, Sen. (January 6, 2011), "An Act to Amend Title 29 of the Delaware
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Code Relating to the Freedom of Information Act", Delaware
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Code, 78 (online ed.) (published April 15, 2011), 10, House Bill # 5, retrieved April 22, 2011 * ^ Barrish, Chris (April 23, 2011). " Delaware
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crime: Wave of brazen attacks sounds alarm at casino". Delaware
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Online. Wilmington, DE: Gannett. 1st page of online article archived via link provided. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. * ^ http://elections.delaware.gov/reports/pdfs/e70r2001_20170301.pdf * ^ Dobo, Nichole (June 12, 2011). " Delaware
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BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Kolchin, Peter (1994), American Slavery: 1619–1877, New York: Hill & Wang .

EXTERNAL LINKS

HISTORY

* Delaware
Delaware
State Guide, Library of Congress .

GENERAL Find

.