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Delaware
Delaware
(/ˈdɛləwɛər/ ( listen))[10] is one of the 50 states of the United States, located in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.[a] It is bordered to the south and west by Maryland, to the north by Pennsylvania, and to the east by New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean. The state takes its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, an English nobleman and Virginia's first colonial governor.[11] Delaware
Delaware
occupies the northeastern portion of the Delmarva Peninsula. It is the second smallest and sixth least populous state, but the sixth most densely populated. Delaware
Delaware
is divided into three counties, the lowest number of any state. From north to south, they are New Castle County, Kent County, and Sussex
Sussex
County. While the southern two counties have historically been predominantly agricultural, New Castle County is more industrialized. Before its coastline was explored by Europeans
Europeans
in the 16th century, Delaware
Delaware
was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans, including the Lenape
Lenape
in the north and Nanticoke in the south. It was initially colonized by Dutch traders at Zwaanendael, near the present town of Lewes, in 1631.[12] Delaware
Delaware
was one of the 13 colonies participating in the American Revolution. On December 7, 1787, Delaware
Delaware
became the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States, and has since been known as "The First State".[13]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography

2.1 Topography 2.2 Climate 2.3 Environment 2.4 Environmental management

3 History

3.1 Native Americans 3.2 Colonial Delaware 3.3 American Revolution 3.4 Slavery and race

4 Demographics

4.1 Ancestry 4.2 Languages 4.3 Religion 4.4 Sexual orientation

5 Economy

5.1 Affluence 5.2 Agriculture 5.3 Industries

5.3.1 Recent departures

5.4 Incorporation in Delaware 5.5 Food and drink

6 Transportation

6.1 Roads 6.2 Ferries 6.3 Rail and bus 6.4 Air

7 Law and government

7.1 Legislative branch 7.2 Judicial branch 7.3 Executive branch 7.4 Counties 7.5 Politics 7.6 Freedom of information 7.7 Government revenue 7.8 Voter Registration

8 Municipalities

8.1 Counties 8.2 Cities 8.3 Towns 8.4 Towns (cont.) 8.5 Villages 8.6 Unincorporated places

9 Education

9.1 Colleges and Universities

10 Sister cities and states 11 Media

11.1 Television

12 Tourism 13 Culture and entertainment

13.1 Festivals 13.2 Sports

14 Delaware
Delaware
Native Americans 15 Namesakes 16 Delawareans 17 See also 18 Notes 19 References 20 Bibliography 21 External links

Etymology[edit] The state was named after the Delaware
Delaware
River, which in turn derived its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr
Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr
(1577–1618) who was the ruling governor of the Colony of Virginia
Virginia
at the time Europeans first explored the river. The Delaware
Delaware
Indians, a name used by Europeans
Europeans
for Lenape
Lenape
people indigenous to the Delaware
Delaware
Valley, also derive their name from the same source. The surname de La Warr comes from Sussex
Sussex
and is of Anglo-Norman origin.[14] It came probably from a Norman lieu-dit La Guerre. This toponymic could derive from the Latin word ager, from the Breton gwern or from the Late Latin
Late Latin
varectum (fallow). The toponyms Gara, Gare, Gaire (the sound [ä] often mutated in [æ]) also appear in old texts cited by Lucien Musset, where the word ga(i)ra means gore. It could also be linked with a patronymic from the Old Norse verr. Geography[edit] Main articles: Twelve-Mile Circle, Wedge (border), Mason–Dixon Line, and Transpeninsular Line See also: "Counties" section below

Map of Delaware

The Twelve-Mile Circle

Diagram of the Twelve-Mile Circle, the Mason–Dixon line and "The Wedge". All blue and white areas are inside Delaware.

The Blackbird Pond on the Blackbird State Forest Meadows Tract in New Castle County, Delaware

A field north of Fox Den Rd., along the Lenape
Lenape
Trail in Middle Run Valley Natural Area.

Sunset in Woodbrook, New Castle County, Delaware

Delaware
Delaware
is 96 miles (154 km) long and ranges from 9 miles (14 km) to 35 miles (56 km) across, totaling 1,954 square miles (5,060 km2), making it the second-smallest state in the United States
United States
after Rhode Island. Delaware
Delaware
is bounded to the north by Pennsylvania; to the east by the Delaware
Delaware
River, Delaware
Delaware
Bay, New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west and south by Maryland. Small portions of Delaware
Delaware
are also situated on the eastern side of the Delaware River
Delaware River
sharing land boundaries with New Jersey. The state of Delaware, together with the Eastern Shore counties of Maryland
Maryland
and two counties of Virginia, form the Delmarva Peninsula, which stretches down the Mid-Atlantic Coast. The definition of the northern boundary of the state is unusual. Most of the boundary between Delaware
Delaware
and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
was originally defined by an arc extending 12 miles (19.3 km) from the cupola of the courthouse in the city of New Castle.[citation needed] This boundary is often referred to as the Twelve-Mile Circle.[b] This is the only nominally circular state boundary in the United States.[citation needed] This border extends all the way east to the low-tide mark on the New Jersey shore, then continues south along the shoreline until it again reaches the 12-mile (19 km) arc in the south; then the boundary continues in a more conventional way in the middle of the main channel (thalweg) of the Delaware
Delaware
River. To the west, a portion of the arc extends past the easternmost edge of Maryland. The remaining western border runs slightly east of due south from its intersection with the arc. The Wedge of land between the northwest part of the arc and the Maryland
Maryland
border was claimed by both Delaware
Delaware
and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
until 1921, when Delaware's claim was confirmed. Topography[edit] Delaware
Delaware
is on a level plain, with the lowest mean elevation of any state in the nation.[15] Its highest elevation, located at Ebright Azimuth, near Concord High School, is less than 450 feet (140 m) above sea level.[15] The northernmost part of the state is part of the Piedmont Plateau with hills and rolling surfaces. The Atlantic Seaboard fall line approximately follows the Robert Kirkwood Highway between Newark and Wilmington; south of this road is the Atlantic Coastal Plain with flat, sandy, and, in some parts, swampy ground.[16] A ridge about 75 to 80 feet (23 to 24 m) in elevation extends along the western boundary of the state and separates the watersheds that feed Delaware River
Delaware River
and Bay to the east and the Chesapeake Bay
Chesapeake Bay
to the west. Climate[edit] Since almost all of Delaware
Delaware
is a part of the Atlantic coastal plain, the effects of the ocean moderate its climate. The state lies in the humid subtropical climate zone. Despite its small size (roughly 100 miles (160 km) from its northernmost to southernmost points), there is significant variation in mean temperature and amount of snowfall between Sussex
Sussex
County and New Castle County. Moderated by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and Delaware
Delaware
Bay, the southern portion of the state has a milder climate and a longer growing season than the northern portion of the state. Delaware's all-time record high of 110 °F (43 °C) was recorded at Millsboro on July 21, 1930. The all-time record low of −17 °F (−27 °C) was also recorded at Millsboro on January 17, 1893. Environment[edit] The transitional climate of Delaware
Delaware
supports a wide variety of vegetation. In the northern third of the state are found Northeastern coastal forests and mixed oak forests typical of the northeastern United States.[17] In the southern two-thirds of the state are found Middle Atlantic coastal forests.[17] Trap Pond State Park, along with areas in other parts of Sussex
Sussex
County, for example, support the northernmost stands of bald cypress trees in North America. Environmental management[edit] Delaware
Delaware
provides government subsidy support for the clean-up of property "lightly contaminated" by hazardous waste, the proceeds for which come from a tax on wholesale petroleum sales.[18] History[edit] Main article: History of Delaware Native Americans[edit] Before Delaware
Delaware
was settled by European colonists, the area was home to the Eastern Algonquian tribes known as the Unami Lenape, or Delaware, who lived mostly along the coast, and the Nanticoke who occupied much of the southern Delmarva Peninsula. John Smith also shows two Iroquoian tribes, the Kuskarawock & Tockwogh, living north of the Nanticoke & they may have held small portions of land in the western part of the state before migrating across the Chesapeake Bay.[19] The Kuskarawocks were most likely the Tuscarora. The Unami Lenape
Lenape
in the Delaware
Delaware
Valley were closely related to Munsee Lenape
Lenape
tribes along the Hudson River. They had a settled hunting and agricultural society, and they rapidly became middlemen in an increasingly frantic fur trade with their ancient enemy, the Minqua or Susquehannock. With the loss of their lands on the Delaware River
Delaware River
and the destruction of the Minqua by the Iroquois
Iroquois
of the Five Nations in the 1670s, the remnants of the Lenape
Lenape
who wished to remain identified as such left the region and moved over the Alleghany Mountains
Alleghany Mountains
by the mid-18th century. Generally, those who did not relocate out of the state of Delaware
Delaware
were baptized, became Christian and were grouped together with other persons of color in official records and in the minds of their non-Native American neighbors.[citation needed] Colonial Delaware[edit]

New Sweden
New Sweden
– encounter between Swedish colonists and the natives of Delaware.

The Dutch were the first Europeans
Europeans
to settle in present-day Delaware in the middle region by establishing a trading post at Zwaanendael, near the site of Lewes in 1631. Within a year all the settlers were killed in a dispute with area Native American tribes. In 1638 New Sweden, a Swedish trading post and colony, was established at Fort Christina (now in Wilmington) by Peter Minuit
Peter Minuit
at the head of a group of Swedes, Finns and Dutch. The colony of New Sweden
New Sweden
lasted for 17 years. In 1651 the Dutch, reinvigorated by the leadership of Peter Stuyvesant, established a fort at present-day New Castle, and in 1655 they conquered the New Sweden
New Sweden
colony, annexing it into the Dutch New Netherland.[20][21] Only nine years later, in 1664, the Dutch were conquered by a fleet of English ships by Sir Robert Carr under the direction of James, the Duke of York. Fighting off a prior claim by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, Proprietor of Maryland, the Duke passed his somewhat dubious ownership on to William Penn
William Penn
in 1682. Penn strongly desired access to the sea for his Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
province and leased what then came to be known as the "Lower Counties on the Delaware"[20] from the Duke. Penn established representative government and briefly combined his two possessions under one General Assembly in 1682. However, by 1704 the Province of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
had grown so large that their representatives wanted to make decisions without the assent of the Lower Counties and the two groups of representatives began meeting on their own, one at Philadelphia, and the other at New Castle. Penn and his heirs remained proprietors of both and always appointed the same person Governor for their Province of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and their territory of the Lower Counties. The fact that Delaware
Delaware
and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
shared the same governor was not unique. From 1703 to 1738 New York and New Jersey shared a governor.[22] Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and New Hampshire
New Hampshire
also shared a governor for some time.[23] Dependent in early years on indentured labor, Delaware
Delaware
imported more slaves as the number of English immigrants decreased with better economic conditions in England. The colony became a slave society and cultivated tobacco as a cash crop, although English immigrants continued to arrive. American Revolution[edit] Like the other middle colonies, the Lower Counties on the Delaware initially showed little enthusiasm for a break with Britain. The citizenry had a good relationship with the Proprietary government, and generally were allowed more independence of action in their Colonial Assembly than in other colonies. Merchants at the port of Wilmington had trading ties with the British. So it was that New Castle lawyer Thomas McKean
Thomas McKean
denounced the Stamp Act in the strongest terms, and Kent County native John Dickinson became the "Penman of the Revolution." Anticipating the Declaration of Independence, Patriot leaders Thomas McKean
Thomas McKean
and Caesar Rodney convinced the Colonial Assembly to declare itself separated from British and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
rule on June 15, 1776. The person best representing Delaware's majority, George Read, could not bring himself to vote for a Declaration of Independence. Only the dramatic overnight ride of Caesar Rodney
Caesar Rodney
gave the delegation the votes needed to cast Delaware's vote for independence. Initially led by John Haslet, Delaware
Delaware
provided one of the premier regiments in the Continental Army, known as the " Delaware
Delaware
Blues" and nicknamed the "Blue Hen's Chicks." In August 1777 General Sir William Howe led a British army through Delaware
Delaware
on his way to a victory at the Battle of Brandywine
Battle of Brandywine
and capture of the city of Philadelphia. The only real engagement on Delaware
Delaware
soil was the Battle of Cooch's Bridge, fought on September 3, 1777, at Cooch's Bridge
Cooch's Bridge
in New Castle County. Following the Battle of Brandywine, Wilmington was occupied by the British, and State President John McKinly
John McKinly
was taken prisoner. The British remained in control of the Delaware River
Delaware River
for much of the rest of the war, disrupting commerce and providing encouragement to an active Loyalist portion of the population, particularly in Sussex County. Because the British promised slaves of rebels freedom for fighting with them, escaped slaves flocked north to join their lines.[24] Following the American Revolution, statesmen from Delaware
Delaware
were among the leading proponents of a strong central United States
United States
with equal representation for each state. Slavery and race[edit]

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Many colonial settlers came to Delaware
Delaware
from Maryland
Maryland
and Virginia, which had been experiencing a population boom. The economies of these colonies were chiefly based on tobacco culture and were increasingly dependent on slave labor for its intensive cultivation. Most of the English colonists arrived as indentured servants, under contracts to work as laborers for a fixed period to pay for their passage. In the early years the line between indentured servants and African slaves or laborers was fluid, and the working classes often lived closely together. Most of the free African-American families in Delaware before the Revolution had migrated from Maryland
Maryland
to find more affordable land. They were descendants chiefly of relationships or marriages between white servant women and enslaved, servant or free African or African-American men.[25] As the flow of indentured laborers to the colony decreased with improving economic conditions in England, more slaves were imported for labor and the caste lines hardened. At the end of the colonial period, the number of enslaved people in Delaware
Delaware
began to decline. Shifts in the agriculture economy from tobacco to mixed farming created less need for slaves' labor. Local Methodists and Quakers encouraged slaveholders to free their slaves following the American Revolution, and many did so in a surge of individual manumissions for idealistic reasons. By 1810 three-quarters of all blacks in Delaware
Delaware
were free. When John Dickinson freed his slaves in 1777, he was Delaware's largest slave owner with 37 slaves. By 1860, the largest slaveholder owned 16 slaves.[26] Although attempts to abolish slavery failed by narrow margins in the legislature, in practical terms, the state had mostly ended the practice. By the 1860 census on the verge of the Civil War, 91.7% of the black population were free;[27] 1,798 were slaves, as compared to 19,829 "free colored persons".[28] The independent black denomination was chartered by freed slave Peter Spencer in 1813 as the "Union Church of Africans". This followed the 1793 establishment of the African Methodist
Methodist
Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, which had ties to the Methodist
Methodist
Episcopal Church until 1816. Spencer built a church in Wilmington for the new denomination.[29] This was renamed the African Union First Colored Methodist
Methodist
Protestant Church and Connection, more commonly known as the A.U.M.P. Church. Begun by Spencer in 1814, the annual gathering of the Big August Quarterly still draws people together in a religious and cultural festival, the oldest such cultural festival in the nation. Delaware
Delaware
voted against secession on January 3, 1861, and so remained in the Union. While most Delaware
Delaware
citizens who fought in the war served in the regiments of the state, some served in companies on the Confederate side in Maryland
Maryland
and Virginia
Virginia
Regiments. Delaware
Delaware
is notable for being the only slave state from which no Confederate regiments or militia groups were assembled. Delaware
Delaware
essentially freed the few slaves that were still in bondage shortly after the Civil War, but rejected the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution; the 13th Amendment was rejected on February 8, 1865, the 14th Amendment was rejected on February 8, 1867, and the 15th Amendment was rejected on March 18, 1869. Delaware
Delaware
officially ratified the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments on February 12, 1901. Demographics[edit] See also: Largest municipalities in Delaware

Delaware
Delaware
population density map

Historical population

Census Pop.

1790 59,096

1800 64,273

8.8%

1810 72,674

13.1%

1820 72,749

0.1%

1830 76,748

5.5%

1840 78,085

1.7%

1850 91,532

17.2%

1860 112,216

22.6%

1870 125,015

11.4%

1880 146,608

17.3%

1890 168,493

14.9%

1900 184,735

9.6%

1910 202,322

9.5%

1920 223,003

10.2%

1930 238,380

6.9%

1940 266,505

11.8%

1950 318,085

19.4%

1960 446,292

40.3%

1970 548,104

22.8%

1980 594,338

8.4%

1990 666,168

12.1%

2000 783,600

17.6%

2010 897,934

14.6%

Est. 2017 961,939

7.1%

Source: 1910–2010[30] 2015 estimate[31]

The United States
United States
Census Bureau estimates that the population of Delaware
Delaware
was 952,065 people on July 1, 2016, a 6.0% increase since the 2010 United States
United States
Census.[31] Ancestry[edit] According to the 2010 United States
United States
Census, Delaware
Delaware
had a population of 897,934 people. The racial composition of the state was:

68.9% White American
White American
(65.3% Non-Hispanic White, 3.6% White Hispanic) 21.4% Black or African American 0.5% American Indian and Alaska
Alaska
Native 3.2% Asian American 0.0% Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific Islander 3.4% some other race 2.7% Multiracial American

Ethnically, Hispanics and Latinos of any race made up 8.2% of the population.[32]

Delaware
Delaware
racial breakdown of population

Racial composition 1990[33] 2000[34] 2010[35]

White 80.3% 74.6% 68.9%

Black 16.9% 19.2% 21.4%

Asian 1.4% 2.1% 3.2%

Native 0.3% 0.4% 0.5%

Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
and other Pacific Islander – – –

Other race 1.1% 2.0% 3.4%

Two or more races – 1.7% 2.7%

Delaware
Delaware
is the sixth most densely populated state, with a population density of 442.6 people per square mile, 356.4 per square mile more than the national average, and ranking 45th in population. Delaware
Delaware
is one of five states that do not have a single city with a population over 100,000 as of the 2010 census, the other four being West Virginia, Vermont, Maine
Maine
and Wyoming.[36] The center of population of Delaware
Delaware
is located in New Castle County, in the town of Townsend.[37] As of 2011, 49.7% of Delaware's population younger than one year of age belonged to minority groups (i.e., did not have two parents of non-Hispanic white ancestry).[38] In 2000 approximately 19% of the population were African-American and 5% of the population is Hispanic (mostly of Puerto Rican or Mexican ancestry).[39] The largest European ancestry groups in Delaware
Delaware
are, according to 2012 Census Bureau estimates:[40][not in citation given]

Irish 18.1% German 15.6% English 11.7% Italian 10.0% Polish 4.8% American 4.5% French 2.5% Scottish 1.8%

Note: Births in table don't add up because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live Births by Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Race 2013[41] 2014[42] 2015[43]

White: 7,204 (66.5%) 7,314 (66.7%) 7,341 (65.7%)

Non-Hispanic White 5,942 (54.8%) 5,904 (53.8%) 5,959 (53.4%)

Black 3,061 (28.3%) 2,988 (27.2%) 3,134 (28.1%)

Asian 541 (5.0%) 644 (5.9%) 675 (6.1%)

Native 25 (0.2%) 26 (0.2%) 16 (0.1%)

Hispanic (of any race) 1,348 (12.4%) 1,541 (14.0%) 1,532 (13.7%)

Total Delaware 10,831 (100%) 10,972 (100%) 11,166 (100%)

Languages[edit] As of 2000 91% of Delaware
Delaware
residents age 5 and older speak only English at home; 5% speak Spanish. French is the third most spoken language at 0.7%, followed by Chinese at 0.5% and German at 0.5%. Legislation had been proposed in both the House and the Senate in Delaware
Delaware
to designate English as the official language.[44][45] Neither bill was passed in the legislature. Religion[edit]

Religion in Delaware
Delaware
(2014)[46]

Religion

Percent

Protestant

46%

None

23%

Catholic

22%

Jewish

3%

Hindu

2%

Other

2%

Muslim

1%

Orthodox Christian

1%

As of the year 2010, The Association of Religion Data Archives[47] reported that the three largest denominational groups in Delaware
Delaware
by number of adherents are the Catholic
Catholic
Church at 182,532 adherents, the United Methodist
Methodist
Church with 53,656 members reported, and non-denominational Evangelical Protestant
Protestant
with 22,973 adherents reported. The religious body with the largest number of congregations is the United Methodist
Methodist
Church (with 158 congregations) followed by non-denominational Evangelical Protestant
Protestant
(with 106 congregations), then the Catholic
Catholic
Church (with 45 congregations). The Roman Catholic
Catholic
Diocese of Wilmington and the Episcopal Diocese of Delaware
Delaware
oversee the parishes within their denominations. The A.U.M.P. Church, the oldest African-American denomination in the nation, was founded in Wilmington. It still has a substantial presence in the state. Reflecting new immigrant populations, an Islamic mosque has been built in the Ogletown area, and a Hindu
Hindu
temple in Hockessin. Delaware
Delaware
is home to an Amish
Amish
community that resides to the west of Dover in Kent County, consisting of 9 church districts and between 1,200 and 1,500 people. The Amish
Amish
first settled in Kent County in 1915. In recent years, increasing development has led to the decline in the number of Amish
Amish
living in the community.[48][49] A 2012 survey of religious attitudes in the United States
United States
found that 34% of Delaware
Delaware
residents considered themselves "moderately religious," 33% "very religious," and 33% as "non-religious."[50] Sexual orientation[edit] A 2012 Gallup poll found that Delaware's proportion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adults stood at 3.4 percent of the population. This constitutes a total LGBT adult population estimate of 23,698 people. The number of same-sex couple households in 2010 stood at 2,646. This grew by 41.65% from a decade earlier.[51][not specific enough to verify][52] On July 1, 2013, same-sex marriage was legalized, and all civil unions would be converted into marriages.[53][not specific enough to verify] Economy[edit] See also: Delaware
Delaware
locations by per capita income For taxes, see § Government revenue. Affluence[edit]

Average sale price for new & existing homes (in US$)[54]

DE County March 2010 March 2011

New Castle 229,000 216,000

Sussex 323,000 296,000

Kent 186,000 178,000

According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, Delaware had the ninth-largest number of millionaires per capita in the United States, with a ratio of 6.20 percent.[55] Agriculture[edit]

"Picking Peaches in Delaware" from an 1878 issue of Harper's Weekly

Delaware's agricultural output consists of poultry, nursery stock, soybeans, dairy products and corn. Industries[edit] As of October 2015, the state's unemployment rate was 5.1%.[56] The state's largest employers are:[dubious – discuss]

government (State of Delaware, New Castle County) education (University of Delaware, Delaware
Delaware
Technical & Community College) banking (Bank of America, M&T Bank, JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Deutsche Bank) chemical, pharmaceutical, technology (E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., AstraZeneca, Syngenta, Agilent Technologies) healthcare (Christiana Care Health System, Bayhealth Medical Center, Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children) farming, specifically chicken farming in Sussex
Sussex
County (Perdue Farms, Mountaire Farms, Allen Family Foods) retail (Walmart, Walgreens, Acme Markets)

Dover Air Force Base, located next to the state capital of Dover, is one of the largest Air Force bases in the country and is a major employer in Delaware. In addition to its other responsibilities in the United States
United States
Air Force Air Mobility Command, this air base serves as the entry point and mortuary for American military personnel and some U.S. government civilians who die overseas. Recent departures[edit]

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The recent merger of E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. and Dow Chemical Company into Dow DuPont
DuPont
on September 1, 2017 has caused many to question the viability of the remaining operations of the merged company in Delaware. DuPont
DuPont
employed over 8,000 at its peak as the state's second largest private employer. The stability of the state's economic future is of concern.[57][58][59][60] In late 2015, DuPont announced that 1,700 employees, nearly a third of its footprint in Delaware, would be laid off in early 2016.[61] Since the mid-2000s, Delaware
Delaware
has suffered an onslaught of economic downfalls affecting stable middle class jobs including the departure of the state's automotive manufacturing industry (General Motors Wilmington Assembly and Chrysler
Chrysler
Newark Assembly), the corporate buyout of a major bank holding company (MBNA), the departure of the state's steel industry (Evraz Claymont Steel), the bankruptcy of a fiber mill (National Vulcanized Fibre),[62] and the diminishing presence of Astra Zeneca
Astra Zeneca
in Wilmington.[63][64] Incorporation in Delaware[edit] Main article: Delaware
Delaware
corporation More than 50% of all U.S. publicly traded companies and 63% of the Fortune 500
Fortune 500
are incorporated in Delaware.[65] The state's attractiveness as a corporate haven is largely because of its business-friendly corporation law. Franchise taxes on Delaware corporations supply about one-fifth of its state revenue.[66] Although "USA (Delaware)" ranked as the world's most opaque jurisdiction on the Tax Justice Network's 2009 Financial Secrecy Index,[67] the same group's 2011 Index ranks the USA fifth and does not specify Delaware.[68] In Delaware, there are more than a million registered corporations,[69] meaning there are more corporations than people. Food and drink[edit] Title 4, chapter 7 of the Delaware
Delaware
Code stipulates that alcoholic liquor only be sold in specifically licensed establishments, and only between 9:00 am and 1:00 am.[70] Until 2003, Delaware
Delaware
was among the several states enforcing blue laws and banned the sale of liquor on Sunday.[71] Transportation[edit]

The current state license plate design was introduced in 1959, making it the longest-running license plate design in United States history.[72]

The transportation system in Delaware
Delaware
is under the governance and supervision of the Delaware
Delaware
Department of Transportation, also known as "DelDOT".[73][74] Funding for DelDOT projects is drawn, in part, from the Delaware
Delaware
Transportation Trust Fund, established in 1987 to help stabilize transportation funding; the availability of the Trust led to a gradual separation of DelDOT operations from other Delaware state operations.[75] DelDOT manages programs such as a Delaware Adopt-a-Highway
Adopt-a-Highway
program, major road route snow removal, traffic control infrastructure (signs and signals), toll road management, Delaware
Delaware
Division of Motor Vehicles, the Delaware
Delaware
Transit Corporation (branded as "DART First State", the state government public transportation organization), among others. In 2009, DelDOT maintained 13,507 lane miles of roads, totaling 89 percent of the state's public roadway system; the remaining public road miles are under the supervision of individual municipalities. This far exceeds the United States national average of 20 percent for state department of transportation maintenance responsibility.[76] The "DART First State" public transportation system was named "Most Outstanding Public Transportation System" in 2003 by the American Public Transportation Association. Coverage of the system is broad within northern New Castle County with close association to major highways in Kent and Sussex
Sussex
counties. The system includes bus, subsidized passenger rail operated by Philadelphia
Philadelphia
transit agency SEPTA, and subsidized taxi and paratransit modes. The paratransit system, consisting of a statewide door-to-door bus service for the elderly and disabled, has been described by a Delaware
Delaware
state report as "the most generous paratransit system in the United States."[75] As of 2012[update], fees for the paratransit service have not changed since 1988.[75] Roads[edit] Further information: Delaware
Delaware
State Route System

Delaware
Delaware
Route 1 (DE 1), a partial toll road linking Fenwick Island and Wilmington.

One major branch of the U.S. Interstate Highway System, Interstate 95 (I-95), crosses Delaware
Delaware
southwest-to-northeast across New Castle County. In addition to I-95, there are six U.S. highways that serve Delaware: U.S. Route 9 (US 9), US 13, US 40, US 113, US 202, and US 301. There are also several state highways that cross the state of Delaware; a few of them include Delaware
Delaware
Route 1 (DE 1), DE 9, and DE 404. US 13 and DE 1 are primary north-south highways connecting Wilmington and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
with Maryland, with DE 1 serving as the main route between Wilmington and the Delaware
Delaware
beaches. DE 9 is a north-south highway connecting Dover and Wilmington via a scenic route along the Delaware Bay. US 40, is a primary east-west route, connecting Maryland with New Jersey. DE 404 is another primary east-west highway connecting the Chesapeake Bay
Chesapeake Bay
Bridge in Maryland
Maryland
with the Delaware beaches. The state also operates two toll highways, the Delaware Turnpike, which is I-95, between Maryland
Maryland
and New Castle and the Korean War Veterans Memorial Highway, which is DE 1, between Wilmington and Dover. A bicycle route, Delaware
Delaware
Bicycle Route 1, spans the north-south length of the state from the Maryland
Maryland
border in Fenwick Island to the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
border north of Montchanin. It is the first of several signed bike routes planned in Delaware.[77] Delaware
Delaware
has around 1,450 bridges, 95 percent of which are under the supervision of DelDOT. About 30 percent of all Delaware
Delaware
bridges were built before 1950, and about 60 percent of the number are included in the National Bridge Inventory. Some bridges not under DelDOT supervision includes the four bridges on the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, which are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and the Delaware
Delaware
Memorial Bridge, which is under the bi-state Delaware River
Delaware River
and Bay Authority. It has been noted that the tar and chip composition of secondary roads in Sussex
Sussex
County make them more prone to deterioration than asphalt roadways found in almost the rest of the state.[78] Among these roads, Sussex
Sussex
(county road) 236 is among the most problematic.[78] Ferries[edit]

Cape May–Lewes Ferry

There are three ferries that operate in the state of Delaware:

Cape May–Lewes Ferry
Cape May–Lewes Ferry
crosses the mouth of the Delaware Bay
Delaware Bay
between Lewes, Delaware
Lewes, Delaware
and Cape May, New Jersey. Woodland Ferry
Woodland Ferry
is a cable ferry that crosses the Nanticoke River southwest of Seaford. Forts Ferry Crossing
Forts Ferry Crossing
connects Delaware City
Delaware City
with Fort Delaware
Fort Delaware
and Fort Mott, New Jersey

Rail and bus[edit]

Wilmington Station

Amtrak
Amtrak
has two stations in Delaware
Delaware
along the Northeast Corridor; the relatively quiet Newark Rail Station in Newark, and the busier Wilmington Rail Station in Wilmington. The Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
is also served by SEPTA's Wilmington/Newark Line
Wilmington/Newark Line
of Regional Rail, which serves Claymont, Wilmington, Churchmans Crossing, and Newark. Two Class I railroads, Norfolk Southern
Norfolk Southern
and CSX, provide freight rail service in northern New Castle County. Norfolk Southern
Norfolk Southern
provides freight service along the Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
and to industrial areas in Edgemoor, New Castle, and Delaware
Delaware
City. CSX's Philadelphia Subdivision passes through northern New Castle County parallel to the Amtrak
Amtrak
Northeast Corridor. Multiple short-line railroads provide freight service in Delaware. The Delmarva Central Railroad
Delmarva Central Railroad
operates the most trackage of the short-line railroads, running from an interchange with Norfolk Southern
Norfolk Southern
in Porter south through Dover, Harrington, and Seaford to Delmar, with another line running from Harrington to Frankford. The Delmarva Central Railroad
Delmarva Central Railroad
connects with two shortline railroads, the Delaware Coast Line Railroad
Delaware Coast Line Railroad
and the Maryland
Maryland
and Delaware
Delaware
Railroad, which serve local customers in Sussex County.[79] CSX
CSX
connects with the freight/heritage operation, the Wilmington and Western Railroad, based in Wilmington and the East Penn Railroad, which operates a line from Wilmington to Coatesville, Pennsylvania. The last north-south passenger train through the main part of Delaware was the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad's The Cavalier, which ended service from Philadelphia
Philadelphia
through the state's interior in 1951.[80] Air[edit] See also: Aviation in Delaware As of 2016[update], there is no scheduled air service from any Delaware
Delaware
airport, as has been the case in various years since 1991. Various airlines had served Wilmington Airport, with the latest departure being Frontier Airlines
Frontier Airlines
in April 2015.[81] Delaware
Delaware
is centrally situated in the Northeast megalopolis
Northeast megalopolis
region of cities along I-95. Therefore, Delaware
Delaware
commercial airline passengers most frequently use Philadelphia
Philadelphia
International Airport (PHL), Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport
Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport
(BWI) and Washington Dulles International Airport
Washington Dulles International Airport
(IAD) for domestic and international transit. Residents of Sussex
Sussex
County will also use Wicomico Regional Airport
Wicomico Regional Airport
(SBY), as it is located less than 10 miles (16 km) from the Delaware
Delaware
border. Atlantic City International Airport (ACY), Newark Liberty International Airport
Newark Liberty International Airport
(EWR), and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA) are also within a 100-mile (160 km) radius of New Castle County. The Dover Air Force Base
Dover Air Force Base
of the Air Mobility Command
Air Mobility Command
is located in the central part of the state, and it is the home of the 436th Airlift Wing and the 512th Airlift Wing. Other general aviation airports in Delaware
Delaware
include Summit Airport near Middletown, Delaware
Middletown, Delaware
Airpark near Cheswold, and Delaware
Delaware
Coastal Airport near Georgetown. Law and government[edit] Delaware's fourth and current constitution, adopted in 1897, provides for executive, judicial and legislative branches.[82] Legislative branch[edit]

The Delaware General Assembly
Delaware General Assembly
meets in the Legislative Hall in Dover.

The Delaware General Assembly
Delaware General Assembly
consists of a House of Representatives with 41 members and a Senate with 21 members. It sits in Dover, the state capital. Representatives are elected to two-year terms, while senators are elected to four-year terms. The Senate confirms judicial and other nominees appointed by the governor. Delaware's U.S. Senators are Tom Carper
Tom Carper
(Democrat) and Chris Coons (Democrat). Delaware's single U.S. Representative is Lisa Blunt Rochester (Democrat). Judicial branch[edit] The Delaware
Delaware
Constitution establishes a number of courts:

The Delaware Supreme Court
Delaware Supreme Court
is the state's highest court. The Delaware Superior Court is the state's trial court of general jurisdiction. The Delaware Court of Chancery deals primarily in corporate disputes. The Family Court handles domestic and custody matters. The Delaware Court of Common Pleas has jurisdiction over a limited class of civil and criminal matters.

Minor non-constitutional courts include the Justice of the Peace Courts and Aldermen's Courts. Significantly, Delaware
Delaware
has one of the few remaining Courts of Chancery in the nation, which has jurisdiction over equity cases, the vast majority of which are corporate disputes, many relating to mergers and acquisitions. The Court of Chancery and the Delaware Supreme Court have developed a worldwide reputation for rendering concise opinions concerning corporate law which generally (but not always) grant broad discretion to corporate boards of directors and officers. In addition, the Delaware
Delaware
General Corporation Law, which forms the basis of the Courts' opinions, is widely regarded as giving great flexibility to corporations to manage their affairs. For these reasons, Delaware
Delaware
is considered to have the most business-friendly legal system in the United States; therefore a great number of companies are incorporated in Delaware, including 60% of the companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange.[83] Delaware
Delaware
was the last U.S. state to use judicial corporal punishment, in 1952.[84] Executive branch[edit] See also: List of Governors of Delaware The executive branch is headed by the Governor of Delaware. The present governor is John Carney (Democrat), who took office January 17, 2017. The lieutenant governor is Bethany Hall-Long. The governor presents a "State of the State" speech to a joint session of the Delaware
Delaware
legislature annually.[85] Counties[edit] Delaware
Delaware
is subdivided into three counties; from north to south they are New Castle, Kent and Sussex. This is the fewest among all states. Each county elects its own legislative body (known in New Castle and Sussex
Sussex
counties as County Council, and in Kent County as Levy Court), which deal primarily in zoning and development issues. Most functions which are handled on a county-by-county basis in other states – such as court and law enforcement – have been centralized in Delaware, leading to a significant concentration of power in the Delaware
Delaware
state government. The counties were historically divided into hundreds, which were used as tax reporting and voting districts until the 1960s, but now serve no administrative role, their only current official legal use being in real-estate title descriptions.[86] Politics[edit] See also: United States
United States
presidential election in Delaware, 2016 and Political party strength in Delaware

Presidential elections results

Year Republican Democrat

2016 41.92% 185,127 53.35% 235,603

2012 39.98% 165,484 58.61% 242,584

2008 37.37% 152,356 62.63% 255,394

2004 45.75% 171,660 53.35% 200,152

2000 41.90% 137,288 54.96% 180,068

1996 36.58% 99,062 51.82% 140,955

1992 35.33% 102,313 43.52% 126,054

1988 55.88% 139,639 43.48% 108,647

1984 59.78% 152,190 39.93% 101,656

1980 47.21% 111,252 44.87% 105,754

1976 46.57% 109,831 51.98% 122,596

1972 59.60% 140,357 39.18% 92,283

1968 45.12% 96,714 41.61% 89,194

1964 38.78% 78,078 60.95% 122,704

1960 49.00% 96,373 50.63% 99,590

Treemap
Treemap
of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election.

The Democratic Party holds a plurality of registrations in Delaware. Until the 2000 presidential election, the state tended to be a Presidential bellwether, sending its three electoral votes to the winning candidate since 1952. This trend ended in 2000 when Delaware's electoral votes went to Al Gore. In 2004 John Kerry
John Kerry
won Delaware
Delaware
by eight percentage points. In 2008 Democrat Barack Obama
Barack Obama
defeated Republican John McCain
John McCain
in Delaware
Delaware
62.63% to 37.37%. Obama's running mate was Joe Biden, who had represented Delaware
Delaware
in the United States Senate since 1973. Obama carried Delaware
Delaware
again in 2012. In 2016, Delaware's electoral votes went to Hillary Clinton. Delaware's swing to the Democrats is in part due to a strong Democratic trend in New Castle County, home to 55 percent of Delaware's population (the two smaller counties have only 359,000 people between them to New Castle's 535,000). New Castle has not voted Republican in a presidential election since 1988. In 1992, 2000, 2004, and 2016, the Republican presidential candidate carried both Kent and Sussex
Sussex
but lost by double-digits each time in New Castle, which was a large enough margin to swing the state to the Democrats. New Castle also elects a substantial majority of the legislature; 27 of the 41 state house districts and 14 of the 21 state senate districts are based in New Castle. The Democrats have held the governorship since 1993, having won the last six gubernatorial elections in a row. Democrats presently hold seven of the nine statewide elected offices, while the Republicans hold only two statewide offices, State Auditor and State Treasurer. Freedom of information[edit] See also: Freedom of information in the United States
United States
§ State legislation Each of the 50 states of the United States
United States
has passed some form of freedom of information legislation, which provides a mechanism for the general public to request information of the government.[citation needed] In 2011 Delaware
Delaware
passed legislation placing a 15 business day time limit on addressing freedom-of-information requests, to either produce information or an explanation of why such information would take longer than this time to produce.[87] Government revenue[edit] Delaware
Delaware
has six different income tax brackets, ranging from 2.2% to 5.95%. The state does not assess sales tax on consumers. The state does, however, impose a tax on the gross receipts of most businesses. Business and occupational license tax rates range from 0.096% to 1.92%, depending on the category of business activity. Delaware
Delaware
does not assess a state-level tax on real or personal property. Real estate is subject to county property taxes, school district property taxes, vocational school district taxes, and, if located within an incorporated area, municipal property taxes. Gambling provides significant revenue to the state. For instance, the casino at Delaware
Delaware
Park Racetrack provided more than $100 million USD to the state in 2010.[88] Voter Registration[edit]

Voter registration and party enrollment as of March 2017[89]

Party Number of voters Percentage

Democratic 330,631 47.38%

Republican 194,920 27.93%

Unaffiliated 159,625 22.88%

Independent Party of Delaware 5,597 0.80%

Libertarian 1,612 0.23%

Green 857 0.12%

Non Partisan 797 0.11%

American Delta Party 794 0.11%

Others 530 0.08%

Conservative 444 0.06%

American Independent Party 441 0.06%

Working Families Party 420 0.06%

Liberal 369 0.05%

Constitution 310 0.04%

Blue Enigma Party 145 0.04%

Socialist Workers Party 126 0.02%

Natural Law Party 85 0.01%

Constitution 66 0.01%

Total 697,769 100%

Municipalities[edit] Wilmington is the state's largest city and its economic hub. It is located within commuting distance of both Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Baltimore. All regions of Delaware
Delaware
are enjoying phenomenal growth, with Dover and the beach resorts expanding at a rapid rate. Further information: List of Delaware
Delaware
municipalities

Counties[edit]

Kent New Castle Sussex

Cities[edit]

Delaware
Delaware
City Dover Harrington Lewes Middletown Milford New Castle Newark Rehoboth Beach Seaford Wilmington

Towns[edit]

Bellefonte Bethany Beach Bethel Blades Bowers Bridgeville Camden Cheswold Clayton Dagsboro Delmar Dewey Beach Ellendale Elsmere

Towns (cont.)[edit]

Farmington Felton Fenwick Island Frankford Frederica Georgetown Greenwood Hartly Henlopen Acres Houston Kenton Laurel Leipsic Little Creek Magnolia Millsboro Millville Milton Newport Ocean View Odessa Selbyville Slaughter Beach Smyrna South Bethany Townsend Viola Woodside Wyoming

Villages[edit]

Arden Ardencroft Ardentown Woodland

Unincorporated places[edit]

Bear Brookside Christiana Clarksville Claymont Dover Base Housing Edgemoor Glasgow Greenville Gumboro Harbeson Highland Acres Hockessin Kent Acres Lincoln City Long Neck Marshallton Mount Pleasant North Star Oak Orchard Omar Pennyhill Pike Creek Rising Sun-Lebanon Riverview Rodney Village Roxana Saint Georges Stanton Wilmington Manor Woodside East Yorklyn

Dover

Newark

Seaford

Wilmington

Education[edit]

University of Delaware

Delaware
Delaware
was the origin of Belton v. Gebhart, one of the four cases which was combined into Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court of the United States
United States
decision that led to the end of segregated public schools. Significantly, Belton was the only case in which the state court found for the plaintiffs, thereby ruling that segregation was unconstitutional. Unlike many states, Delaware's educational system is centralized in a state Superintendent of Education, with local school boards retaining control over taxation and some curriculum decisions. As of 2011[update], the Delaware
Delaware
Department of Education had authorized the founding of 25 charter schools in the state, one of them being all-girls.[90] All teachers in the State's public school districts are unionized.[91] As of January 2012[update], none of the State's charter schools are members of a teachers union.[91] One of the State's teachers' unions is Delaware
Delaware
State Education Association (DSEA), whose President as of January 2012 is Frederika Jenner.[91] Colleges and Universities[edit]

Delaware
Delaware
College of Art and Design Delaware
Delaware
State University Delaware
Delaware
Technical & Community College Drexel University
Drexel University
at Wilmington Goldey-Beacom College University of Delaware
University of Delaware
— Ranked 63rd in USA and in top 201–250 in the world ( Times Higher Education World University Rankings
Times Higher Education World University Rankings
2018) Wesley College Widener University School of Law Wilmington University

Sister cities and states[edit] Delaware's sister state in Japan is Miyagi Prefecture.[92] Media[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2017)

See also: Category: Delaware
Delaware
media Television[edit] The northern part of the state is served by network stations in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and the southern part by network stations in Baltimore and Salisbury, Maryland. Philadelphia's ABC affiliate, WPVI-TV, maintains a news bureau in downtown Wilmington. Salisbury's ABC affiliate, WMDT
WMDT
covers Sussex
Sussex
and lower Kent County; while CBS affiliate, WBOC-TV, maintains bureaus in Dover and Milton. Few television stations are based solely in Delaware; the local PBS station from Philadelphia
Philadelphia
(but licensed to Wilmington), WHYY-TV, maintains a studio and broadcasting facility in Wilmington and Dover, Ion Television
Ion Television
affiliate WPPX
WPPX
is licensed to Wilmington but maintains their offices in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and their digital transmitter outside of that city and an analog tower in New Jersey, and MeTV
MeTV
affiliate KJWP is licensed to Wilmington but maintains their offices in New Jersey and their transmitter is located at the antenna farm in Philadelphia. In April 2014, it was revealed that Rehoboth Beach's WRDE-LD
WRDE-LD
would affiliate with NBC, becoming the first major network-affiliated station in Delaware.[93] Tourism[edit]

This section may contain indiscriminate, excessive, or irrelevant examples. Please improve the article by adding more descriptive text and removing less pertinent examples. See's guide to writing better articles for further suggestions. (June 2014)

Rehoboth Beach is a popular vacation spot during the summer months

Fort Delaware
Fort Delaware
State Park on Pea Patch Island is a popular spot during the spring and summer. A ferry takes visitors to the fort from nearby Delaware
Delaware
City.

In addition to First State National Historical Park, Delaware
Delaware
has several museums, wildlife refuges, parks, houses, lighthouses, and other historic places. Rehoboth Beach, together with the towns of Lewes, Dewey Beach, Bethany Beach, South Bethany, and Fenwick Island, comprise Delaware's beach resorts. Rehoboth Beach often bills itself as "The Nation's Summer Capital" because it is a frequent summer vacation destination for Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
residents as well as visitors from Maryland, Virginia, and in lesser numbers, Pennsylvania. Vacationers are drawn for many reasons, including the town's charm, artistic appeal, nightlife, and tax free shopping. According to SeaGrant Delaware, the Delaware
Delaware
Beaches generate $6.9 billion annually and over $711 million in tax revenue.[94] Delaware
Delaware
is home to several festivals, fairs, and events. Some of the more notable festivals are the Riverfest held in Seaford, the World Championship Punkin Chunkin formerly held at various locations throughout the state since 1986, the Rehoboth Beach Chocolate Festival, the Bethany Beach Jazz Funeral to mark the end of summer, the Apple Scrapple Festival held in Bridgeville, the Clifford Brown Jazz Festival in Wilmington, the Rehoboth Beach Jazz Festival, the Sea Witch Halloween Festival and Parade in Rehoboth Beach, the Rehoboth Beach Independent Film Festival, the Nanticoke Indian Pow Wow in Oak Orchard, Firefly Music Festival, and the Return Day Parade held after every election in Georgetown. In 2015, tourism in Delaware
Delaware
generated $3.1 billion, which makes up of 5 percent of the state's GDP. Delaware
Delaware
saw 8.5 million visitors in 2015, with the tourism industry employing 41,730 people, making it the 4th largest private employer in the state. Major origin markets for Delaware
Delaware
tourists include Philadelphia, Baltimore, New York City, Washington, D.C., and Harrisburg, with 97% of tourists arriving to the state by car and 75% of tourists coming from 200 miles (320 km) or less.[95] Culture and entertainment[edit] Festivals[edit] Main article: Delaware
Delaware
festivals Sports[edit]

Professional Teams

Team Sport League

Wilmington Blue Rocks Baseball Carolina League

Diamond State Roller Girls Roller derby Women's Flat Track Derby Association

Delaware
Delaware
Blue Coats Basketball NBA G League

Delaware
Delaware
Black Foxes Rugby USA Rugby League

NASCAR
NASCAR
racing at Dover International Speedway

As Delaware
Delaware
has no franchises in the major American professional sports leagues, many Delawareans follow either Philadelphia
Philadelphia
or Baltimore
Baltimore
teams. The University of Delaware's football team has a large following throughout the state with the Delaware
Delaware
State University and Wesley College teams also enjoying a smaller degree of support. Delaware
Delaware
is home to Dover International Speedway
Dover International Speedway
and Dover Downs. DIS, also known as the Monster Mile, hosts two NASCAR
NASCAR
race weekends each year, one in the late spring and one in the early fall. Dover Downs
Dover Downs
is a popular harness racing facility. It is the only co-located horse and car-racing facility in the nation, with the Dover Downs
Dover Downs
track located inside the DIS track. Delaware
Delaware
is represented in USA Rugby League
USA Rugby League
by 2015 expansion club, the Delaware
Delaware
Black Foxes. Delaware
Delaware
has been home to professional wrestling outfit Combat Zone Wrestling (CZW). CZW has been affiliated with the annual Tournament of Death and ECWA with its annual Super 8 Tournament. Delaware's official state sport is bicycling.[96] Delaware
Delaware
Native Americans[edit] Delaware
Delaware
is also the name of a Native American group (called in their own language Lenni Lenape) that was influential in the colonial period of the United States
United States
and is today headquartered in Cheswold, Kent County, Delaware. A band of the Nanticoke tribe of American Indians today resides in Sussex
Sussex
County and is headquartered in Millsboro, Sussex
Sussex
County, Delaware. Namesakes[edit]

Several ships have been named USS Delaware in honor of this state.

Delawareans[edit] Main article: List of people from Delaware See also[edit]

Delaware
Delaware
portal

Index of Delaware-related articles Outline of Delaware

Notes[edit]

^ While the U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
designates Delaware
Delaware
as one of the South Atlantic States, it is usually grouped with the Mid-Atlantic States
Mid-Atlantic States
or the Northeastern United States. ^ Because of surveying errors, the actual line is several compound arcs with centers at different points in New Castle.

References[edit]

^ Melissa Nann Burke (January 5, 2015). " Delaware
Delaware
a Small Wonder no more?". Delaware
Delaware
Online. Retrieved March 10, 2015.  ^ The State of Delaware. "State of Delaware". delaware.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2015.  ^ USGS, Howard Perlman,. "Area of each state that is water". water.usgs.gov.  ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017.  ^ "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.  ^ Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988. ^ Schenck, William S. "Highest Point in Delaware". Delaware
Delaware
Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 20, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2008.  ^ Molly Murray (January 6, 2015). "Delaware's new tourism brand: Endless Discoveries". Delaware
Delaware
Online. Retrieved March 10, 2015.  ^ Random House Dictionary ^ "Delaware". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved February 24, 2007.  ^ Myers, Albert Cook (1912). Narratives of Early Pennsylvania, West New Jersey
New Jersey
and Delaware, 1630–1707, Volume 13. C. Scribner's Sons. p. 8.  ^ "The First to Ratify" would be more accurate, as the beginnings of the states themselves date back to the Declaration of Independence, celebrated July 4, 1776, when what was to become the State of Delaware was still the three lower counties of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
with the governor in Philadelphia, and not establishing independence from that body until September 20, 1776. According to Delaware's own website, " Delaware
Delaware
became a state in 1776, just two months after the signing of the Declaration of Independence." (ref-pdf) Therefore Delaware
Delaware
was actually the last of the thirteen colonies to establish itself as a state. Additionally, the Delaware
Delaware
State Quarter is minted with this nickname, yet shows Caesar Rodney
Caesar Rodney
on horseback in commemoration of how he was the last delegate to show up to the Continental Congress for the historic vote for independence. And with regard to the original Articles of Confederation, Delaware
Delaware
was the 12th of the 13 states to ratify. ^ Ware DeGidio, Wanda (2011). Ware DeGidio, Wanda, ed. Ware Family History: Descendants from Ancient, Medieval, and Modern Kings and Queens, and Presidents of the United States. p. 10. ISBN 1-4010-9930-0.  ^ a b "Extreme and Mean Elevations by State and Other Area" (PDF). Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004–2005. United States Census Bureau. p. 216. Retrieved March 16, 2011.  ^ "A Summary of the Geologic History of Delaware". The Delaware Geological Survey.  ^ a b Olson; D. M; E. Dinerstein; et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience. 51 (11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0006-3568. Archived from the original on October 14, 2011.  ^ Montgomery, Jeff (May 14, 2011). "Cleaning up contamination". The News Journal. New Castle, Delaware: Gannett. DelawareOnline. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved May 14, 2011.  The first online page is archived; the page containing information related here is not in the archived version. ^ http://www.sonofthesouth.net/revolutionary-war/maps/captain-smith-virginia-map.jpg ^ a b Munroe, John A (2006). "3. The Lower Counties on The Delaware". History of Delaware
History of Delaware
(5th, illustrated ed.). University of Delaware Press. p. 45. ISBN 0-87413-947-3.  ^ Scheltema, Gajus; Westerhuijs, Heleen, eds. (2011), Exploring Historic Dutch New York, New York: Museum of the City of New York/Dover, ISBN 978-0-486-48637-6  ^ Lurie, Mappen M (2004), Encyclopedia of New Jersey, Rutgers University Press, p. 327, ISBN 0-8135-3325-2  ^ Mayo, LS (1921), John Wentworth, Governor of New Hampshire: 1767–1775, Harvard University Press, p. 5  ^ Schama, Simon (2006), Rough Crossings: Britain, the Slaves, and the American Revolution, New York: Harper Collins  ^ Heinegg, Paul, Free African Americans
Americans
in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland
Maryland
and Delaware, retrieved February 15, 2008  ^ Kolchin 1994, pp. 78, 81–82. ^ Kolchin 1994, pp. 81–82. ^ "1860 Federal Census", Historical Census Browser, University of Virginia
Virginia
Library, archived from the original on October 11, 2014, retrieved November 30, 2012  ^ Dalleo, Peter T. (June 27, 1997). "The Growth of Delaware's Antebellum Free African Community". University of Delaware.  ^ "Resident Population Data". Census. 2010. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2011.  ^ a b "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016". 2015 Population Estimates. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. December 20, 2016. Archived from the original (CSV) on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 20, 2016.  ^ "American FactFinder". Factfinder2.census.gov. October 5, 2010. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2011.  ^ Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States Archived copy at WebCite (June 22, 2013). ^ "censusviewer.com/city/ID". January 7, 2014. Archived from the original on January 7, 2014.  ^ Center for New Media and Promotions(C2PO). "2010 Census Data". census.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2015.  ^ Voting (press release), US: Census, archived from the original on February 4, 2008  ^ "Population and Population Centers by State". United States
United States
Census Bureau. 2000. Archived from the original (plain text) on June 22, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2007.  ^ Exner, Rich (June 3, 2012). " Americans
Americans
under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot". The Plain Dealer.  ^ "Demographic, Social and Economic Profile for Delaware" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-06-26.  ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder – Results". census.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2015.  ^ https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_01.pdf ^ https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_12.pdf ^ https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr66/nvsr66_01.pdf ^ SB 129, State of Delaware , assigned June 13, 2007 to Senate Education Committee. ^ HB 436, State of Delaware , stricken June 15, 2006 ^ The Pew Forum – America’s Changing Religious Landscape ^ "The Association of Religion Data Archives State Membership Report". www.thearda.com. Retrieved November 7, 2013.  ^ " Amish
Amish
Countryside". Kent County & Greater Dover, Delaware Convention and Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on November 23, 2016. Retrieved November 22, 2016.  ^ " Delaware
Delaware
Amish". Amish
Amish
America. Retrieved October 6, 2017.  ^ Catholic
Catholic
News Agency (April 3, 2012). "In 'very religious' USA, Gallup sees Delaware
Delaware
residents as 'moderately' so – by 1 percent". The Dialog. Retrieved April 16, 2012.  ^ "LGBT Percentage Highest in D.C., Lowest in North Dakota". State of the States. Gallup Politics. February 15, 2013 ^ Williams Inst. Census Snapshot http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/category/research/census-lbgt-demographics-studies/[dead link] ^ Chase, Randall (May 7, 2013). " Delaware
Delaware
to Become 11th State With Gay Marriage". ABC News. Retrieved May 7, 2011 ^ Ruth, Eric (April 15, 2010). " Delaware
Delaware
housing: Home prices slide in all three counties; sales in NCCo, Kent down from year ago". The News Journal. Delaware. Delaware
Delaware
Online. Retrieved March 31, 2014. (subscription required) ^ Frank, Robert (January 15, 2014). "Top states for millionaires per capita". CNBC. CNBC.com. Retrieved October 28, 2016.  ^ " Delaware
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merger called 'catastrophic' for Delaware". Retrieved 12 December 2015.  ^ " DuPont
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DuPont
to cut 1,700 jobs in Delaware
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lays off workers at Delaware
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Division of Corporations". Government of DE. Retrieved June 10, 2012.  ^ " Delaware
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Bibliography[edit]

Kolchin, Peter (1994), American Slavery: 1619–1877, New York: Hill & Wang .

External links[edit] History

Delaware
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State Guide, Library of Congress .

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Coordinates: 39°00′N 75°30′W / 39°N 75.5°W / 39; -75.5

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 235924579 LCCN: n79041720 ISNI: 0000 0004 0405 8613 GND: 4085407-3 SELIBR: 142726 SUDOC: 176574115 BNF:

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