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Deira
Deira
(Old English: Derenrice or Dere) was a Celtic kingdom – first recorded (but much older) by the Anglo-Saxons in 559 AD and lasted til 664 AD,[1] in Northern England
Northern England
that was first recorded when Anglian warriors invaded the Derwent Valley in the third quarter of the fifth century.[2] It extended from the Humber
Humber
to the Tees, and from the sea to the western edge of the Vale of York. It later merged with the kingdom of Bernicia, its northern neighbour, to form the kingdom of Northumbria. The name of the kingdom is of Brythonic origin from Daru, meaning "oak", (Derw in modern Welsh) in which case it would mean "the people of the Derwent", a derivation also found in the Latin name for Malton, Derventio.[3] The modern Gaelic Doire (pronounced Dirruh/Durruh) is the same word. According to Simeon of Durham (writing early in the 12th century), it extended from the Humber
Humber
to the Tyne, but the land was waste north of the Tees. After the Brythonic kingdom centred on Eboracum, which may have been called Ebrauc, was taken by King Edwin, the city of Eboracum became its capital, and Eoforwic ("boar-place") was taken by the Angles. The first Anglian king of Deira
Deira
of whom we have any record is Ælla, who flourished in the later 6th century after conquering the realm from the Britons in 581. After his death, Deira
Deira
was subject to king Æthelfrith of Bernicia, who united the two kingdoms into Northumbria. Æthelfrith ruled until the accession of Ælla's son Edwin, in 616 or 617, who also ruled both kingdoms until 633. Osric, the nephew of Edwin, ruled Deira
Deira
after Edwin, but his son Oswine was put to death by Oswiu in 651. For a few years subsequently, Deira
Deira
was governed by Æthelwald son of Oswald of Bernicia. Bede
Bede
wrote of Deira
Deira
in his Historia Ecclesiastica (completed in 731).

Contents

1 Kings of Deira 2 Notes 3 References 4 Further reading

Kings of Deira[edit] See also: List of monarchs of Northumbria

Reign Incumbent

Notes

559/560 to 589 Aella (Aelli) ÆLLA YFFING DEIRA CYNING ÆLLA REX DEIRA

589/599 to 604 Aethelric (Aedilric) ÆÞELRIC IDING BERNICIA 7 DEIRA CYNING ÆÞELRIC REX BERNICIA ET DEIRA

Bernicia
Bernicia
Dynasty

593/604? to 616 Aethelfrith ÆÞELFERÞ ÆÞELRICING DEIRA CYNING ÆÞELFERÞ REX DEIRA Killed in battle

Deira
Deira
Dynasty

616 to 12/14 October 632 Edwin EDVVIN ÆLLING BERNICIA 7 DEIRA CYNING EDVVIN REX BERNICIA ET DEIRA Killed in battle by Cadwallon of Gwynedd and Penda of Mercia

late 633 to summer 634 Osric OSRIC ÆLFRICING DEIRA CYNING OSRIC REX DEIRA

Bernicia
Bernicia
Dynasty

633 to 5 August 642 Oswald OSVVALD BERNICIA 7 DEIRA CYNING OSVVALD REX BERNICIA ET DEIRA Killed by Penda, King of Mercia; Saint Oswald

642 to 644 Oswiu OSVVIO ÆÞELFRIÞING BERNICIA 7 DEIRA CYNING OSVVIO REX BERNICIA ET DEIRA

Deira
Deira
Dynasty

644 to 651 Oswine OSVVINE OSRICING DEIRA CYNING OSVVINE REX DEIRA Murdered

Bernicia
Bernicia
Dynasty

summer 651 to late 654 or 655 Æthelwold ÆÞELVVALD OSVVALDING DEIRA CYNING ÆÞELVVALD REX DEIRA

654 to 15 August 670 Oswiu OSVVIO ÆÞELFERÞING NORÞANHYMBRA CYNING OSVVIO REX NORÞANHYMBRA Restored

656 to 664 Alchfrith ALCHFRIÞ DEIRA CYNING ALCHFRIÞ REX DEIRA

670 to 679 Aelfwine ÆLFVVINE DEIRA CYNING ÆLFVVINE REX DEIRA

Notes[edit]

^ McCarthy, Mike. "An Early Historic Celtic Kingdom near the Solway". 2014. The History Files. Retrieved 18 May 2014.  ^ Higham, p. 98 ^ Higham, p. 81

References[edit]

Higham, N.J. (1993). The Kingdom of Northumbria
Northumbria
AD 350–1100. Stroud: Sutton. ISBN 0-86299-730-5 Mackenzie, E.; Ross, M. (1834), An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the County Palatine of Durham, I, Newcastle upon Tyne: Mackenzie and Dent, p. xi, retrieved 2008-07-23 

Further reading[edit]

Geake, Helen & Kenny, Jonathan (eds.) (2000). Early Deira: Archaeological studies of the East Riding in the fourth to ninth centuries AD. Oxford: Oxbow. ISBN 1-900188-90-2

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Kingdoms and subdivisions of Anglo-Saxon England

Kingdoms

East Anglia Essex Kent Mercia Northumbria Bernicia Deira Sussex Wessex

Lesser kingdoms

Wiht Meonwara Surrey Lindsey Hwicce Magonsæte Pencersæte Pecsæte Wreocensæte Tomsæte Haestingas Gyrwas Southumbrians

Minor Anglo-Saxon tribes and fiefs

Ælfingas Æbbingas Godhelmingas Arosæte Beormingas Bilsæte Brahhingas Duddensæte Cilternsæte Eorlingas Husmerae Gaini Sunningas Brycgstowl Banesbyrig Lindisfaras Woccingas Nox-gaga and Oht-gaga Middle Saxons Middle Angles North Mercians Duddaæte Gyrwas Hroðingas Tetingas Basingas Snotingas Spaldingas Stoppingas Sweordora Tewingas Westerne Elmetsæte Gewisse Rēadingas Weorgoran Sumorsaete Waeclingas Haueringas Ytenes

v t e

Monarchs of Deira

Ælla (559–588) Æthelric (589–604) Æthelfrith (604–616) Edwin (616–632) Osric (633–634) Oswald (634–642) Oswiu (642–644) Oswine (644–651) Œthelwald (651–654) Oswiu (654–670) Alchfrith (656–664 - joint king) Ælfwine (670–679)

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