Defense Industries Organization
Defense Industries Organization (DIO) is a conglomerate of
companies run by the Islamic Republic of
Iran whose function is to
provide the military of
Iran with the necessary manufacturing capacity
and technical abilities. In recent years, the DIO has attempted to
become export-oriented, allowing
Iran to become an exporter of
weapons. According to Iranian officials, the country sold $100 million
worth of military equipment in 2003 and as of 2006 had exported
weapons to 57 countries.
3 See also
5 External links
Prior to 1963, the
Iranian military industry
Iranian military industry consisted of a number of
independent factories. Iran's military industry was born under the
Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. In 1973, the Iran
Electronics Industries (IEI) was founded to organize efforts to
assemble and repair foreign-delivered weapons. Most of Iran's
weapons before the
Islamic revolution were imported from the United
States and Europe. Between 1971 and 1975, the
Shah went on a buying
spree, ordering $8 billion in weapons from the
United States alone.
This alarmed many in the U.S., which strengthened a 1968 law on arms
exports in 1976 and renamed it the Arms Export Control Act. Still, the
United States continued to sell large amounts of weapons to
the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
In an early effort to overhaul Iran's military capabilities, Mohammad
Shah ordered the creation of the Military Industries Organization
(MIO). Operating as a branch of the Ministry of War, the MIO was to
oversee all military production within Iran. Over the next fifteen
years, military plants produced small arms ammunition, batteries,
tires, copper products, explosives, and mortar rounds and fuses. They
also produced rifles and machine guns under license from West Germany.
In addition, helicopters, jeeps, trucks, and trailers were assembled
from imported kits in attempts to transfer technical knowledge to
Iran. Additionally, the organization was charged with research and
development and took the initiative in reverse engineering a number of
Soviet RPG-7, BM21, and
SAM-7 missiles in 1979.
Iranian Revolution halted all the military activities of the MIO.
Plagued by the upheavals of the time, the MIO was left unable to
operate without foreign specialists and technicians; by 1981 it had
lost much of its management ability and control over its industrial
The outbreak of the
Iran–Iraq War in 1980 and the Western arms
embargo served as a massive catalyst for the MIO to reorganize its
operations. In late 1981, the new revolutionary government of Iran
brought together the now disorganised sections of the MIO and placed
them under the Defense Industries Organization. The DIO would from
this point onwards supervise all production, research and development.
Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps
Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps was put in charge of
re-organising the domestic military industry. Under their command
Iran's military industry was dramatically expanded, and with the
Ministry of Defence pouring capital into the missile industry, Iran
soon had an arsenal of missiles.
See also: List of military equipment manufactured in
Iran and Iran's
In 1987, the DIO was governed by a mixed civilian-military board of
directors and a managing director responsible for the actual
management and planning activities. Although the DIO director was
accountable to the deputy minister of defense for logistics, it was
the president of Iran, in his capacity as the chairman of the SDC, had
ultimate responsibility for all DIO operations.
Since 1992, it also has produced its own tanks, armored personnel
carriers, missiles, a submarine, and a fighter plane.
Today, the DIO has more than 35,000 employees, 30% of whom are
university graduates. It is also the key organisation driving Iran's
significant military industry.
In 2007, following events in Iran's Nuclear Program, the United
Nations Security Council placed sanctions against
Iran forbidding it
from exporting any form of weapons.
Defense industry of Iran
Iran Electronics Industries
Iran Aviation Industries Organization
Military of Iran
Economy of Iran
^ Irna Archived February 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
^ Irib Persian News Page Archived February 13, 2008, at the Wayback
^ Irib Persian News Page Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-19. Retrieved
^ "NTI: Country Overviews: Iran: Missile Chronology". Archived from
the original on June 18, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
^ A Code of Conduct for Weapons Sales Video Transcript Archived March
8, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
Defense Industries Organization
Defense Industries Organization (DIO) -
Agencies". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2015-01-17.
^ Dar Al Hayat Archived June 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
^ FOXNews.com -
Iran Launches Production of Stealth Sub - U.S. &
^ [dead link]
Official DIO Website
GlobalSecurity.org - DIO
Iran Defence Industry - Part IPart II
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