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DECEMBER is the twelfth and final month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars . It is the seventh and last month to have the length of 31 days. December, from the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry

December
December
got its name from the Latin word decem (meaning ten ) because it was originally the tenth month of the year in the Roman calendar , which began in March. The winter days following December were not included as part of any month. Later, the months of January and February
February
were created out of the monthless period and added to the beginning of the calendar, but December
December
retained its name.

In Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
, one of the four Agonalia , this day in honor of Sol Indiges was held on December
December
11, as was Septimontium . Dies Natalis was held on of the temple of Tellus on December
December
13, Consualia was held on December
December
15, Saturnalia
Saturnalia
was held December
December
17–23, Opiconsivia held on December
December
19, Divalia on December
December
21, Larentalia on December
December
23, and the Dies Natalis of Sol Invictus was held on December
December
25. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

The Anglo-Saxons
Anglo-Saxons
referred to December/ January
January
as Ġēolamonaþ (modern English: " Yule
Yule
month"). The French Republican Calendar contained December
December
within the months of Frimaire
Frimaire
and Nivôse .

CONTENTS

* 1 Astronomy * 2 Astrology * 3 December
December
symbols

* 4 Observances

* 4.1 Non-Gregorian observances, 2017
2017
* 4.2 Month-long observances * 4.3 Movable Observances - 2016 dates * 4.4 Fixed observances

* 5 References * 6 See also

ASTRONOMY

December
December
contains the winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
, the day with the fewest daylight hours, and the summer solstice in the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
, the day with the most daylight hours (excluding polar regions in both cases). December
December
in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
is the seasonal equivalent to June
June
in the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
and vice versa. In the Northern hemisphere, the beginning of the astronomical winter is traditionally 21 December
December
or the date of the solstice.

Meteor showers occurring in December
December
are the Andromedids (September 25 – December
December
6, peaking around November 9), the Canis-Minorids ( December 4 - December
December
15, peaking around December
December
10-11), the Coma Berenicids ( December 12 to December
December
23, peaking around December
December
16), the Delta Cancrids ( December 14 to February
February
14, the main shower from January
January
1 to January
January
24, peaking on January
January
17), the Geminids ( December
December
13-14), the Monocerotids ( December 7 to December
December
20, peaking on December
December
9. This shower can also start in November), the Phoenicids ( November 29 to December
December
9, with a peak occurring around 5/6 December), the Quadrantids (typically a January
January
shower but can also start in December), the Sigma Hydrids ( December
December
4-15), and the Ursids ( December
December
17-to December
December
25/26, peaking around December
December
22).

ASTROLOGY

* The zodiac signs for the month of December
December
are Sagittarius (until December
December
21) and Capricorn ( December 22 onwards).

DECEMBER SYMBOLS

* December's birth flower is the narcissus . * December's birthstones are the turquoise , zircon , and tanzanite .

OBSERVANCES

This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.

NON-GREGORIAN OBSERVANCES, 2017

(please note that all Jewish observances, which are set by the Hebrew calendar , begin at sunset the day prior to the date listed and end on the sunset of the date in question unless otherwise noted. The same applies to observances set by the Bahá\'í calendar , and by the Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
)

* December
December
18: Amavasya
Amavasya
( Hinduism
Hinduism
)

MONTH-LONG OBSERVANCES

* In Catholic tradition, December
December
is the Month
Month
of the Advent of Christ. * National Egg Nog Month
Month
(United States) * National Impaired Driving Prevention Month
Month
(United States) * National Fruit Cake Month
Month
(United States) * National Pear Month
Month
(United States) * No Gender December
December
(International )

MOVABLE OBSERVANCES - 2016 DATES

* Chalica ( Unitarian Universalism
Unitarian Universalism
): December
December
5–12 * Human Rights and Peace Day (Kiribati) : December
December
9-11 * Gaudete Sunday : December
December
11 * Free Shipping Day : December
December
16

LAST WEEK OF NOVEMBER: NOVEMBER 21-DECEMBER 1

* AIDS Awareness Week ( Canada
Canada
)

FIRST FRIDAY: DECEMBER 2

* Farmer\'s Day ( Ghana
Ghana
) * Gospel Day ( Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
)

SECOND FRIDAY AFTER THANKSGIVING

* International Sweater Vestival

FIRST SUNDAY: DECEMBER 4

* First Presidency\'s Christmas
Christmas
Devotional (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ) * Good Neighborliness Day ( Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
)

SUNDAY TWO WEEKS BEFORE CHRISTMAS: DECEMBER 11

* Detinjci ( Serbia
Serbia
)

SECOND MONDAY: DECEMBER 12

* Green Monday * National Tree Planting Day (Malawi)

SUNDAY BEFORE CHRISTMAS: DECEMBER 18

* Honesty Day ( Italy
Italy
)

WINTER SOLSTICE : DECEMBER 21

* Blue Christmas (holiday) * Brumalia ( Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
) * Dongzhi Festival ( Asia
Asia
) * Global Orgasm * Korochun (Slavic ) * Midsummer
Midsummer
in the Southern Hemisphere. ( Contemporary Paganism ) * Sanghamitta Day ( Theravada
Theravada
Buddhism ) * Shalako (Zuni ) * Yaldā ( Iran
Iran
) * Yule
Yule
in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
( Contemporary Paganism ) * Ziemassvētki ( Latvia
Latvia
)

THURSDAY BEFORE CHRISTMAS: DECEMBER 22

* Chewidden Thursday ( Cornwall
Cornwall
) (Thursday of the last full week before Christmas) * National Regifting Day ( United States
United States
)

DECEMBER 22, UNLESS THAT DATE IS A SUNDAY, IN WHICH CASE IT\'S MOVED TO THE 23RD: DECEMBER 22

* Forefathers\' Day ( Plymouth, Massachusetts )

LAST FRIDAY BEFORE CHRISTMAS: DECEMBER 23

* Black Friday (partying) ( United Kingdom
United Kingdom
)

LAST SATURDAY BEFORE CHRISTMAS: DECEMBER 24

* Super Saturday ( United States
United States
)

DECEMBER 26, UNLESS THAT DAY IS A SUNDAY, IN WHICH CASE THE 27TH: DECEMBER 26

* Boxing Day ( Commonwealth of Nations
Commonwealth of Nations
)

* Day of Good Will (South Africa and Namibia ) * Family Day ( Vanuatu
Vanuatu
) * Thanksgiving (Solomon Islands) * Start of Boxing Week ( December 26 - December
December
31)

LAST FRIDAY: DECEMBER 30

* Children\'s Day ( Dominica
Dominica
)

SUNDAY AFTER CHRISTMAS, OR ON THE 30TH IF CHRISTMAS FALLS ON A SUNDAY: DECEMBER 30

* Feast of the Holy Family ( Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholicism
)

FIXED OBSERVANCES

A Christmas market
Christmas market
in Dresden
Dresden

* November 25 - December
December
10: 16 Days of Activism against Gender-based Violence

* December 1

* Battle of the Sinop Day ( Russia
Russia
) * Bifocals at the Monitor Day (unofficial ) * Damrong Rajanubhab Day ( Thailand
Thailand
) * Day of Restoration of Independence ( Portugal
Portugal
) * Eat A Red Apple Day ( United States
United States
) * Feast for Death of Aleister Crowley ( Thelema
Thelema
) * First President Day ( Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
) * Freedom and Democracy Day ( Chad
Chad
) * Great Union Day ( Romania
Romania
) * Military Abolition Day ( Costa Rica
Costa Rica
) * National Day (Myanmar) * Republic Day (Central African Republic) * Restoration of Independence Day (Portugal) * Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
( Ohio
Ohio
and Oregon
Oregon
, United States
United States
) * Self-governance Day ( Iceland
Iceland
) * Teachers\' Day ( Panama
Panama
)

* World AIDS Day

* Day Without Art

* December 2

* Armed Forces Day (Cuba) * International Day for the Abolition of Slavery * National Day (Laos) * National Day (United Arab Emirates) * National Fritters Day ( United States
United States
)

* December 3

* Advocate\'s Day ( India
India
) * Doctors\' Day ( Cuba
Cuba
) * United Nations\' International Day of Persons with Disabilities

* December 4

* National Cookie Day ( United States
United States
) * Navy Day (India)

* Saint Barbara\'s Day -related observances:

* Barbórka ( Poland
Poland
) * Eid il-Burbara
Eid il-Burbara
( Russia
Russia
, Israel
Israel
, Jordan
Jordan
, Lebanon
Lebanon
, Palestine , Syria
Syria
, Turkey
Turkey
)

* Thai Environment Day ( Thailand
Thailand
) * Tupou I Day ( Tonga
Tonga
)

* December 5

* Bathtub Party Day (unofficial ) * Children\'s Day ( Suriname
Suriname
) * Day of the Ninja (unofficial ) * Day of Military Honour - Battle of Moscow ( Russia
Russia
) * Discovery Day ( Haiti
Haiti
and Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
) * International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development * Klozum ( Schiermonnikoog
Schiermonnikoog
, Netherlands
Netherlands
)

* Saint Nicholas
Saint Nicholas
Eve ( Belgium
Belgium
, Czech Republic
Czech Republic
, Slovakia
Slovakia
, the Netherlands
Netherlands
, Hungary
Hungary
, Romania
Romania
, Germany
Germany
, Poland
Poland
and the UK )

* Krampusnacht ( Austria
Austria
)

* King\'s Birthday (Thailand) * Repeal Day ( United States
United States
) * World Soil Day

* December 6

* Anniversary of the Founding of Quito ( Ecuador
Ecuador
) * Armed Forces Day ( Ukraine
Ukraine
) * Constitution Day (Spain) * Day of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies of Azerbaijan * Independence Day of Finland * National Day
National Day
of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women ( Canada
Canada
) * St Nicholas Day ( Western Christianity
Western Christianity
)

* December 7

* Armed Forces Flag Day ( India
India

* Eve of the Immaculate Conception ( Western Christianity
Western Christianity
) and related observances:

* Day of the Little Candles , begins after sunset ( Colombia
Colombia
) * Quema del Diablo , begins after sunset. ( Guatemala
Guatemala
)

* Flag Land Base Day ( Scientology
Scientology
) * International Civil Aviation Day * National Heroes Day ( East Timor
East Timor
) * National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day ( United States
United States
) * Spitak Remembrance Day ( Armenia
Armenia
)

* December 8

* Bodhi Day (Japan) * CARICOM– Cuba
Cuba
Day ( Caribbean Community
Caribbean Community
(CARICOM) and Cuba) * Constitution Day (Romania) * Constitution Day (Uzbekistan) * Day of Finnish Music (Finland)

* Feast of the Immaculate Conception
Feast of the Immaculate Conception
(public holiday in several countries , a holy day of obligation in others), and its related observances:

* Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Anglican Communion) , lesser commemoration * Christmas on Campus ( University of Dayton
University of Dayton
) * Mother\'s Day (Panama) * Festa da Conceição da Praia , celebrating Yemanjá, Queen of the Ocean ( Salvador, Bahia
Salvador, Bahia
) * Festival of Lights (Lyon)

* Pansexual/Panromantic Pride Day * Saint Clement of Ohrid Day (Macedonia ) * National Brownie Day ( United States
United States
) * National Youth Day (Albania)

* December 9

* Anna\'s Day ( Sweden
Sweden
and Finland
Finland
) * Feast of the Conception of the Most Holy Theotokos by St. Anne ( Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
) * Independence Day (Tanzania) * International Anti-Corruption Day * National Heroes Day (Antigua and Barbuda) * National Pastry Day ( United States
United States
) * Navy Day (Sri Lanka) * Remembrance for Egill Skallagrímsson ( The Troth ) * Yuri\'s Day in the Autumn ( Russian Orthodox Church
Russian Orthodox Church
)

* December 10

* Alfred Nobel Day (Sweden) * Constitution Day (Thailand) * Human Rights Day
Human Rights Day
(International )

* December 11

* Human Rights and Peace Day (Kiribati) * Indiana Day (Indiana, United States) * National Have a Bagel Day (United States) * National Noodle Ring Day (United States) * National Tango Day (Argentina) * Pampanga Day ( Pampanga
Pampanga
province, Philippines) * Republic Day (Burkina Faso)

* December 12

* Constitution Day (Russia) * Croatian Air Force Day (Croatia) * Day of Neutrality (Turkmenistan) * Feast of the Apparition of Our Lady of Guadalupe (Mexico) * Feast of Masá\'il Bahá\'í calendar (only if Bahá\'í Naw-Rúz falls on March
March
21, which it does for 2015) * Kanji Day (Japan) * Jamhuri Day (Kenya)

* December 13

* Acadian Remembrance Day ( Acadians ) * National Day (Saint Lucia) * National Ice Cream Day (United States) * Pick a Pathologist Pal Day * Republic Day (Malta) * Sailor\'s Day (Brazil) * Saint Lucy\'s Day (mainly Scandinavia
Scandinavia
, some regions of Italy)

* December 14

* Alabama Day (Alabama) * Forty-seven Ronin Remembrance Day ( Sengaku-ji , Tokyo
Tokyo
) * Martyred Intellectuals Day (Bangladesh) * Monkey Day (International )

* December 15

* Bill of Rights Day (United States)

* 2nd Amendment Day (South Carolina)

* Cat Herders Day * Homecoming Day (Alderney) * International Tea Day * Kingdom Day (Netherlands) * National Cupcake Day (United States) * Remembrance Day of Journalists Killed in the Line of Duty (Russia) * Zamenhof Day (International Esperanto Community )

* December 16

* Barbie and Barney Backlash Day * National Day
National Day
(Kingdom of Bahrain) * Victory day of Bangladesh * Day of Reconciliation in South Africa

* December 17

* Accession Day (Bahrain) * International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers * National Day
National Day
(Bhutan) * National Maple Syrup Day (United States) * Pan American Aviation Day (United States) * Wright Brothers Day (United States)

* December 18

* National Muffin Day (Brazil)

* December 19

* Goa
Goa
Liberation Day ( Goa
Goa
, India
India
) * National Heroes and Heroines Day ( Anguilla
Anguilla
)

* December 20
December 20

* National Sangria Day (United States)

* December 21

* First day of winter (some cultures) * Humbug Day * National Hamburger Day (United States)

* December 22

* Armed Forces Day (Vietnam) * Mother\'s Day (Indonesia) * National Date Nut Bread Day (United States) * National Mathematics Day (India) * Teachers\' Day (Cuba) * Unity Day (Zimbabwe)

* December 23

* The Emperor\'s Birthday , a national holiday in Japan * Festivus * HumanLight
HumanLight
( Humanism
Humanism
)

* December 24

* Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve

* Aðfangadagskvöld , the day when the 13th and the last Yule
Yule
Lad arrives to towns. (Iceland) * Feast of the Seven Fishes (Italy) * Juleaften (Denmark) / Julaften (Norway) / Julafton (Sweden) * Nittel Nacht (certain Orthodox Jewish denominations) * Nochebuena (Spain and Spanish-speaking countries) * The Declaration of Christmas Peace (Old Great Square of Turku
Turku
, Finland's official Christmas
Christmas
City)

* Day of Military Honour - Siege of Ismail (Russia) * Independence Day (Libya) * Mōdraniht ( Anglo-Saxon paganism ) * National Eggnog Day (United States)

* December 25

* Children\'s Day (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Republic of Congo)

* Christmas
Christmas
( Christianity
Christianity
)

* Constitution Day (Taiwan) * Good Governance Day (India) * Malkh-Festival ( Nakh peoples
Nakh peoples
of Chechnya
Chechnya
and Ingushetia
Ingushetia
) * Newtonmas ( Atheist
Atheist
community) * Quaid-e-Azam\'s Day (Pakistan) * Takanakuy ( Chumbivilcas Province
Chumbivilcas Province
, Peru)

* National Pumpkin Pie Day (United States)

* December 26

* Boxing Day * Saint Stephen\'s Day * Day of Goodwill * Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa
( December 26 to January
January
1 ) * Independence Day
Independence Day
in Slovenia - Independence and Unity Day

* December 27

* Independence and Unity Day (Slovenia) * Mauro Hamza Day (Houston, Texas ) * Mummer\'s Day ( Padstow
Padstow
, Cornwall
Cornwall
)

* St. Stephen\'s Day (public holiday in Alsace
Alsace
, Austria, Catalonia
Catalonia
, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
, Italy, Ireland, Luxembourg, Poland, Slovakia
Slovakia
and Switzerland)

* Father\'s Day (Bulgaria)

* Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa
December
December
27- January
January
1 ( African-American
African-American
community , United States) * The first day of Junkanoo
Junkanoo
street parade, the second day is on the New Year\'s Day (The Bahamas) * National Fruitcake Day (United States) * Wren Day
Wren Day
(Ireland, Isle of Man
Isle of Man
) * Zartosht No-Diso ( Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
)

* December 28

* Proclamation Day
Proclamation Day
in South Australia
South Australia

* December 29

* Tick Tock Day

* December 30

* Day of the Declaration of Slovakia
Slovakia
as an Independent Ecclesiastic Province (Slovakia) * Falling Needles Family Fest * Freedom Day (Church of Scientology
Scientology
) * National Bicarbonate of Soda Day (United States) * Rizal Day (Philippines)

* December 31

* International Solidarity Day (Azerbaijan) * National Champagne Day (United States) * New Year\'s Eve * Bisperás ng Bagong Taón (Philippines) * Ōmisoka (Japan) * Start of Hogmanay (Scotland) December