ABRAM MOISEYEVICH DEBORIN (JOFFE) (Russian : Абра́м Моисе́евич Дебо́рин Ио́ффе; June 16 1881 – March 8, 1963) was a Soviet Marxist philosopher and academician of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1929).
Entering the revolutionary movement by the end of the 1890s, Deborin joined the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party in 1903. By 1907, however, he switched to the Menshevik faction and became known as one of Georgi Plekhanov 's disciples, both in politics and philosophy. In 1908, Deborin graduated from the philosophy department at Bern University (L. I. Akselrod had received her doctorate there in 1900). He soon began publishing major books and articles on philosophy from a Marxist perspective.
Soon after the October Revolution of 1917, Deborin left the Mensheviks and began lecturing at the Sverdlov University , the Institute of Red Professors and the Institute of Philosophy. He soon assumed editorial duties at the journal, "Under the Banner of Marxism," which he headed from 1926-1931.
Following the 1917 October Revolution, Soviet philosophy found itself
divided itself between two factions: the "dialecticians," headed up by
Deborin, and "mechanists," whose leading figure was the philosopher
Lyubov Akselrod (the then prominent
Bolshevik leader Bukharin was seen
as an ally of the "mechanists," although he did not entirely agree
with them). In 1931,
Joseph Stalin decided the issue of the debate
between dialecticians and mechanists by publishing a decree which
identified dialectical materialism as pertaining solely to
Marxism-Leninism . He then codified it in Dialectical and Historical
Materialism (1938) by enumerating the "laws of dialectics", which are
the grounds of particular disciplines and in particular of the science
of history, and which guarantees their conformity to the "proletarian
conception of the world". Thus, diamat was imposed on most Communist
parties affiliated to the