The Info List - Dearborn, Michigan

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Dearborn is a city in the State of Michigan. It is located in Wayne County and is part of the Detroit
metropolitan area. Dearborn is the eighth largest city in the State of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 98,153.[5] First settled in the late 18th century by French farmers in a series of ribbon farms along the Rouge River and the Sauk Trail, the community grew with the establishment of the Detroit
Arsenal on the Chicago Road
Chicago Road
linking Detroit
and Chicago. It later grew into a manufacturing hub for the automotive industry. The city was the home of Henry Ford
Henry Ford
and is the world headquarters of the Ford Motor Company. It has a campus of the University of Michigan as well as Henry Ford
Henry Ford
College. Dearborn has The Henry Ford, the United States' largest indoor-outdoor museum complex and Metro Detroit's leading tourist attraction.[6][7] Dearborn residents are primarily of European or Middle Eastern heritage, descendants of 19th and 20th-century immigrants. Middle Eastern ancestries make up the largest ethnic grouping with Lebanese, Yemeni, Iraqi, Syrian
and Palestinian groups present. The primary European ethnicities are German, Polish, Irish and Italian.


1 History 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Demographics

4.1 Arab Americans

5 Economy

5.1 Largest employers

6 Education

6.1 Colleges and universities 6.2 Primary and secondary schools 6.3 Public libraries 6.4 Post office

7 Infrastructure

7.1 Sports facilities 7.2 Transportation

8 Politics 9 Media 10 Notable people 11 Free speech controversy 12 Historical timeline

12.1 European exploration and colonization 12.2 Early U.S. history 12.3 Incorporation as village 12.4 Reincorporation as city

13 See also 14 References 15 Further reading 16 External links

History[edit] The area had been inhabited for thousands of years by varying indigenous peoples. Historical tribes belonged mostly to the Algonquian-language family, although the Huron were Iroquoian speaking. French colonists had a trading post and developed Detroit during the colonial period, trading with numerous regional tribes. This settlement was ceded to Britain in 1763 after its victory in the Seven Years' War. The Dearborn area was settled permanently by Europeans
in 1786, after the American Revolutionary War.[8] Population growth led to the formation of Dearborn Township in 1833 and the village of Dearbornville in 1836, each named after patriot Henry Dearborn, a General in the American Revolution and Secretary of War under President Thomas Jefferson. The town of Dearborn was incorporated in 1893. In 1927 it was established as a city. Its current borders result from a 1928 consolidation vote that merged Dearborn and neighboring Fordson (previously known as Springwells), which feared being absorbed into Detroit. The area between the two towns was, and still remains in part, undeveloped. Once farm land, this was bought by Henry Ford
Henry Ford
for his estate, Fair Lane, and the Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company
World Headquarters. Later developments in this corridor were the Ford airport (later converted to the Dearborn Proving Grounds), other Ford administrative and development facilities, The Henry Ford
Henry Ford
(the region's leading tourist attraction containing a reconstructed historic village and museum), the Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Centennial Library, the super-regional shopping mall Fairlane Town Center, and the Ford Performing Arts Center. The open land is planted with sunflowers and often with Henry Ford's favorite soybeans. The crops are never harvested. The Arab American National Museum
Arab American National Museum
(AANM) opened in Dearborn in 2005, the first museum in the world devoted to Arab-American history and culture. Arab Americans in Dearborn include ethnic Lebanese Christians who immigrated in the early twentieth century to work in the auto industry as well as more recent Arab immigrants from other nations.[9] Geography[edit]

Parklane Towers

According to the United States
United States
Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.5 square miles (63 km2), of which 24.4 square miles (63 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.37%) is water. The Rouge River runs through the city with an artificial waterfall/low head dam on the Henry Ford
Henry Ford
estate to power its powerhouse. The Upper, Middle, and Lower Branches of the river come together in Dearborn. The river is widened and channeled near the Rouge Plant to allow lake freighter access. Fordson
Island (42°17′38″N 83°08′52″W / 42.29389°N 83.14778°W / 42.29389; -83.14778) is an 8.4 acre (33,994 m²) island about three miles (5 km) inland from the Detroit
River on the River Rouge. Fordson
Island is the only major island in a tributary to the Detroit
River. The island was created in 1922 when engineers dug a secondary trench to reroute the River Rouge to increase navigability for shipping purposes. The island is privately owned, and public access is prohibited. The island is part of the city of Dearborn, which has no frontage along the Detroit
River.[10][11] Dearborn is among a small number of municipalities that own property in other cities. It owns the 626-acre (2.53 km2) Camp Dearborn
Camp Dearborn
in Milford, Michigan, which is located 35 miles (56 km) from Dearborn.[12] Dearborn was among an even smaller number that hold property in another state: the city owned the "Dearborn Towers" apartment complex in Clearwater, Florida, but it has been sold. Camp Dearborn is considered part of the city of Dearborn, and revenues generated by camp admissions are used to bolster the city's budget.

Places adjacent to Dearborn, Michigan


Dearborn Heights



Allen Park, Melvindale


Climate data for Dearborn, Michigan
(1981–2010 normals, extremes 1952–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 65 (18) 71 (22) 86 (30) 90 (32) 95 (35) 104 (40) 102 (39) 102 (39) 100 (38) 91 (33) 77 (25) 69 (21) 104 (40)

Average high °F (°C) 33.0 (0.6) 36.3 (2.4) 46.4 (8) 59.7 (15.4) 71.0 (21.7) 80.4 (26.9) 84.5 (29.2) 83.1 (28.4) 75.8 (24.3) 62.8 (17.1) 49.7 (9.8) 37.1 (2.8) 60.0 (15.6)

Daily mean °F (°C) 25.4 (−3.7) 28.0 (−2.2) 36.7 (2.6) 48.7 (9.3) 59.3 (15.2) 69.0 (20.6) 73.3 (22.9) 72.0 (22.2) 64.4 (18) 52.2 (11.2) 41.3 (5.2) 30.0 (−1.1) 50.0 (10)

Average low °F (°C) 17.8 (−7.9) 19.7 (−6.8) 27.1 (−2.7) 37.8 (3.2) 47.6 (8.7) 57.6 (14.2) 62.1 (16.7) 60.9 (16.1) 52.9 (11.6) 41.6 (5.3) 32.9 (0.5) 23.0 (−5) 40.1 (4.5)

Record low °F (°C) −20 (−29) −14 (−26) −9 (−23) 10 (−12) 23 (−5) 36 (2) 41 (5) 40 (4) 29 (−2) 19 (−7) 4 (−16) −9 (−23) −20 (−29)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.10 (53.3) 2.15 (54.6) 2.54 (64.5) 3.04 (77.2) 3.14 (79.8) 3.44 (87.4) 3.15 (80) 2.65 (67.3) 3.34 (84.8) 2.95 (74.9) 2.80 (71.1) 2.57 (65.3) 33.87 (860.3)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.8 (24.9) 8.5 (21.6) 5.6 (14.2) 0.6 (1.5) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.1 (0.3) 1.0 (2.5) 5.8 (14.7) 31.4 (79.8)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.8 8.9 9.4 11.5 10.6 9.8 9.8 9.2 8.9 10.8 10.8 11.8 122.3

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.8 5.4 2.9 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.8 5.0 21.5

Source: NOAA[13][14]


Historical population

Census Pop.

1860 355

1870 530


1880 410


1900 844

1910 911


1920 2,470


1930 50,358


1940 63,589


1950 94,994


1960 112,007


1970 104,199


1980 90,660


1990 89,286


2000 97,775


2010 98,153


Est. 2016 94,444 [3] −3.8%

U.S. Decennial Census[15] 2013 Estimate[16]

As of the 2010 census the population of Dearborn was 98,153. The racial and ethnic composition was 89.1% Whites, 4.0% black or African-American, 0.2% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.2% Non-Hispanics of some other race, 4.0% reporting two or more races and 3.4% Hispanic or Latino.[17] 41.7% were of Arab ancestry (categorized as "White" in Census collection data).[18] Dearborn has a large community of descendants of ethnic European immigrants from the 19th and 20th centuries, whose ancestors generally first settled in Detroit: Irish, German, and Polish. It is a center of Maltese American settlement, from the Mediterranean island of Malta. They were also attracted to jobs in the auto industry and some were among immigrant Maltese who first settled in Corktown.[19] The city has a small African American
African American
population, many of whose ancestors came to the area from the rural South during the Great Migration of the early twentieth century.[20] In Census 2000, 61.9% spoke only English, while 29.3% spoke Arabic, 1.9% Spanish, and 1.5% Polish. There were 36,770 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.42. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $44,560, and the median income for a family was $53,060. Males had a median income of $45,114 versus $33,872 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,488. About 12.2% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 and over. As of the 2012 estimate, Dearborn's population was thought to have fallen to 96,474, a decrease of 1.7% since 2010. Over the same period, though, SEMCOG, the local statistics agency of Metro Detroit
Metro Detroit
Council of Governments, has estimated the city to have grown to 99,001, or an increase of 1.2% since 2000. SEMCOG's July 2014 estimate listed Dearborn with a population of 102,566.[21] Arab Americans[edit]

The Arab American National Museum
Arab American National Museum
in Dearborn

Main article: History of the Middle Eastern
Middle Eastern
people in Metro Detroit The city's population includes 40,000 Arab Americans.[22] Arab Americans own many shops and businesses, offering services in both English and Arabic.[23] Per the 2000 census, Arab Americans totaled 29,181 or 29.85% of Dearborn's population; many are from families who have been in the city since the early 20th century. The city has the largest proportion of Arab Americans in the United States.[24] As of 2006 Dearborn has the largest Lebanese American
Lebanese American
population in the United States.[25] The first Arab immigrants came in the early-to-mid-20th century to work in the automotive industry and were chiefly Lebanese Christians (Maronites). Other immigrants from the Mideast (Assyrians/Chaldeans/Syriacs) have also immigrated to the area. Since then, Arab immigrants from Yemen, Iraq
and Palestine, most of whom are Muslim, have joined them. Lebanese Americans comprise the largest group of ethnic Arabs.[26][27] The Arab Muslim community has built the Islamic Center of America, the largest mosque in North America,[28] and the Dearborn Mosque. More Iraqi refugees have come, fleeing the continued war in their country since 2003. Warren Avenue has the commercial center of the Arab-American community. The Arab American National Museum
Arab American National Museum
is located in Dearborn.[29] The museum was opened in January 2005 to celebrate the Arab American
Arab American
community's history, culture and contributions to the United States. Economy[edit] Further information: Economy of metropolitan Detroit

Dearborn skyline with Ford River Rouge Complex
Ford River Rouge Complex
in background, 1973

Edward Hotel and conference center

Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company
has its world headquarters in Dearborn.[30] In addition its Dearborn campus contains many research, testing, finance and some production facilities. Ford Land controls the numerous properties owned by Ford, including sales and leasing to unrelated businesses, such as the Fairlane Town Center
Fairlane Town Center
shopping mall. DFCU Financial, the largest credit union in Michigan, was created for Ford and related companies' employees. One of the largest employers in Dearborn is Oakwood Healthcare System. Other major employers include auto suppliers like Visteon, education facilities such as Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Community College and museums such as The Henry Ford. Other businesses which are headquartered in Dearborn include Carhartt
(clothing), Eppinger (fishing lures), AAA Michigan (insurance), and the Society of Manufacturing Engineers. Largest employers[edit] According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[31] the largest employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees

1 Ford 44,000

2 ADP 10,000

3 Automotive Components Holdings
Automotive Components Holdings
(Ford/Visteon) 7,000

4 Oakwood Health System 6,167

5 Severstal
(now AK Steel) 4,900

6 Percepta 4,450

7 Dearborn Board of Education 3,339

8 Auto Club of Michigan 1,752

9 EP Management Corporation 1,400

10 United Technologies Auto
United Technologies Auto
(Lear) 1,200

Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit]

University of Michigan–Dearborn

University of Michigan–Dearborn
University of Michigan–Dearborn
and Henry Ford
Henry Ford
College are located in Dearborn on Evergreen Road and are adjacent to each other. Concordia University Dearborn Center, and Central Michigan
University both offer classes in Dearborn.[32][33] Career training schools include Kaplan Career Institute, ITT Tech, and Sanford Brown College. Primary and secondary schools[edit] Dearborn residents, along with a small portion of Dearborn Heights residents attend Dearborn Public Schools,[34] which operates 34 schools including 3 major high schools: Fordson
High School, Dearborn High School and Edsel Ford
Edsel Ford
High School. The public schools serve over 18,000 students in the fourth-largest district in the state. Divine Child High School and Elementary School are in Dearborn as well; the high-school is the largest private coed high school in the area. Henry Ford Academy is a charter high school inside Greenfield Village and the Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Museum. Another charter secondary school is Advanced Technology Academy. Dearborn Schools operated the Clara B. Ford High School inside Vista Maria, a non-profit residential treatment agency for girls in Dearborn Heights. Clara B. Ford High School
Clara B. Ford High School
became a charter school in the 2007–08 school year. A small portion of the city limits is within the Westwood Community School District;[35] the sections of Dearborn within the district are zoned for industrial and commercial uses.[36] The Islamic Center of America
Islamic Center of America
operates the Muslim American Youth Academy (MAYA), an Islamic elementary and middle school.[37] The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit
operates Sacred Heart Elementary School and previously operated the St. Alphonsus School in Dearborn. In 2003 the archdiocese closed St. Alphonsus High School;[38] the St. Alphonsus elementary closed in 2005.[39] Global Educational Excellence operates multiple charter schools in Dearborn: Riverside Academy Early Childhood Center, Riverside Academy East Campus (K-5), and Riverside Academy West Campus (6–12).[40] Public libraries[edit]

Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Centennial Library

Dearborn Public Library includes the Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Centennial Library, the main library, and the Bryant and Esper branches.[41] The Bryant Branch, which opened in November 1924, was Dearborn's first public library. It served as the main library until the Ford library opened in 1969, and 1970 Bryant (then known as the Mason branch) became a branch library. The library was renamed in 1977 after Katharine Wright Bryant, who developed a plan for the library and campaigned for it.[42] Around April 1963 the Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company
granted the City
of Dearborn $3,000,000 to build a library as a memorial to Henry Ford. Ford Motor Company deeded 15.3 acres (6.2 ha) of vacant land for the public library to the city on July 30, 1963, the centennial or 100th anniversary of Henry Ford's birth. The Ford Foundation
Ford Foundation
later granted the library an additional $500,000 for supplies and equipment. On November 25, 1969 the library was dedicated. Library employees occupied the building since its opening; originally only the library had offices in the building. In 1979 the library staff gave up the western side's meeting rooms, and the City
of Dearborn Health Department occupied those rooms.[43] The Esper Branch, the smallest branch, is located in what is known as the Arab residential quarter of the city. The library has about 35,000 books, entertainment and educational videocasettes, music CDs, children's music cassettes, audio books, and magazines. Newspapers are available there. It features many Arabic-language books, newspapers, and videocasettes for its Arabic-speaking residents. It was dedicated on October 12, 1953. Originally named the Warren Branch, the library had replaced the Northeast Branch, which opened in a storefront in 1944. In October 1961 it was named after city councilman Anthony M. Esper.[44] Post office[edit] During the years 1934 to 1943 murals were produced in public buildings in the United States
United States
through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department. In 1938 artist Rainey Bennett painted an oil on canvas mural for the post offices in Dearborn titled, Ten Eyck's Tavern on Chicago
Road. Infrastructure[edit] Sports facilities[edit] Sports facilities include the Dearborn Ice Skating Center. Transportation[edit] Further information: Transportation in metropolitan Detroit
and Dearborn ( Amtrak
station) Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Dearborn, operating its Wolverine three times daily in each direction between Chicago, Illinois
and Pontiac, Michigan
via Detroit. Baggage cannot be checked at this location; however, up to two suitcases in addition to any "personal items" such as briefcases, purses, laptop bags, and infant equipment are allowed on board as carry-ons. There are two rail stops in Dearborn: the ordinary Amtrak
station and a rarely used station at Greenfield Village. Amtrak
operates on Norfolk Southern's (NS) " Michigan
Line". This track runs from Dearborn to Kalamazoo, Michigan. Most of the freight traffic on these rails is related to the automotive industry. Norfolk Southern's Dearborn Division offices are also located in Dearborn. Dearborn is served by buses of both the Detroit
Department of Transportation (DDOT) and the Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (SMART) systems. From 1924 to 1947, Dearborn was the site of Ford Airport, with the world's first concrete runway and the first scheduled U.S. passenger service. Politics[edit] As of 2016, the Mayor
of the City
of Dearborn is John B. "Jack" O'Reilly, Jr.[45] and the City
Council President is Susan Dabaja.[46] Media[edit] The metropolitan area newspapers are The Detroit
News and the Detroit Free Press. The Dearborn & Dearborn Heights
Dearborn Heights
Press and Guide publishes local news for Dearborn and the neighboring Dearborn Heights.[47] The Arab American
Arab American
News is published in Dearborn.[48] Notable people[edit]

Henry Ford's Fair Lane
Fair Lane
estate in Dearborn

River Rouge from Henry Ford's estate

Dave Brandon
Dave Brandon
– CEO of Toys "R" Us, chairman of Domino's Pizza David Burtka
David Burtka
– chef and actor, married to Neil Patrick Harris Garrett Clayton – actor Jim Cummins – NHL player Frankie Andreu
Frankie Andreu
- Professional Cyclists, road Tour De France multiple years John Dingell
John Dingell
– Former dean of the U.S. House of Representatives, longest-serving Congressman Agnes Dobronski Michigan
educator and legislator Ronnie Duman - auto racer Chad Everett
Chad Everett
– actor, Medical Center, The Last Challenge, Made in Paris, Airplane II: The Sequel Rima Fakih
Rima Fakih
– Miss Michigan
USA 2010, Miss USA 2010,[49] Henry Ford
Henry Ford
– iconic automaker, founder of Ford Motor Company Edsel Ford
Edsel Ford
– Henry Ford's son, second president of Ford Motor and co-namesake of Fordson Dan Gheesling – winner of Big Brother 10 (U.S.)
Big Brother 10 (U.S.)
and runner-up on Big Brother 14 (U.S.) Russ Gibb - concert promoter and media personality George Z. Hart Michigan
state senator Ahmad Harajly – rugby player (USA Rugby) Orville L. Hubbard
Orville L. Hubbard
of Dearborn from 1942 to 1978 Al Iafrate – NHL defenseman Art James
Art James
– TV quiz-show host John C. Kornblum
John C. Kornblum
– diplomat, former Ambassador to Germany Derek Lowe
Derek Lowe
– Major League Baseball pitcher, 2004 World Series champion with Boston Red Sox Don Matheson
Don Matheson
– actor, Land of the Giants Nancy Milford – author and biographer Alan Mulally
Alan Mulally
– CEO of Ford Motor Company Dorothy Naum - baseball player Johnny Pacar – actor, Flight 29 Down, Make It or Break It, Now You See It... Eugenia Paul – actress and dancer George Peppard
George Peppard
– actor, Breakfast at Tiffany's, How the West Was Won, The A-Team, Banacek Tom Price - United States
United States
Secretary of Health and Human Services Brian Rafalski
Brian Rafalski
– NHL defenseman (New Jersey Devils, Detroit
Red Wings) Doug Ross – college ice hockey coach Soony Saad – soccer player Scott Sanderson – All-Star Major League Baseball pitcher in 19 Major League seasons for seven teams Norbert Schemansky
Norbert Schemansky
– four-time Olympic medalist in weightlifting Suzanne Sena – host of Independent Film Channel
Independent Film Channel
program Onion News Network and former Fox News
Fox News
anchor Serena Shim
Serena Shim
– Lebanese-American journalist Jim Snyder - Major League Baseball player and manager Edward Stinson
Edward Stinson
– aviation pioneer Windy & Carl – musicians Jo Serrapere - Singer/songwriter and founding member of all girl band Uncle Earl[50][better source needed]

Free speech controversy[edit] In 2010, Nabeel Qureshi, David Wood, and two other people were arrested at the Dearborn International Arab Festival for handing out Christian literature aimed at Muslim believers, and for yelling conversion messages, although there was no evidence provided of any agitation of the crowd. They were prosecuted for breach of the peace. Police ordered them to stop filming the incident, to provide identification, and to move at least five blocks from the border of the fair.[51] A jury acquitted the defendants.[52] In a separate civil trial, the City
of Dearborn was found to have violated the constitutional rights of the defendants, with the city later settling the lawsuit and issuing a formal apology.[53] A Republican senatorial candidate in Nevada, Sharron Angle, suggested that Dearborn was contributing to a non-widespread "militant terrorist situation,"[54][55] and said that the city was enforcing Islamic law.[54] Angle was sharply criticized by the Mayor
Jack O'Reilly, who called her comments "shameful."[54] He said they were based on distorted Tea Party accounts of the arrest of members of an anti-Islam group at an Arab festival.[54] Preacher Terry Jones planned a protest in 2011 outside the Islamic Center of America. Local authorities required him either to post a $45,000 "peace bond" to cover Dearborn's cost if Jones incited violence or to go to trial. Jones contested that requirement he and his co-pastor Wayne Sapp refused to post the bond. They were held briefly in jail, while claiming violation of First Amendment rights. That night Jones was released by the court.[56] The ACLU had filed an amicus brief in support of Jones's protest plans.[57] A week later, on April 29, Jones led a rally at the Dearborn City
Hall, designated as a free speech zone. Riot police were called out to control counter protesters.[58][59][60] Terry Jones led a rally at City
Hall and then planned to speak at the annual Festival on June 18, 2011, but on his way there he was blocked by protesters, six of whom were arrested. Police said they did not have enough officers present to maintain safety.[61] Christian missionaries accompanied Jones with their own signs of protest; they were alleged by festivalgoers and protesters to have yelled insults at Arabs, Muslims, Islam, and Catholics.[62] On November 11, 2011, Wayne County Circuit Court Judge Robert Ziolkowski vacated the "breach of peace" ruling against Terry Jones and Wayne Sapp on the grounds that they were denied due process.[63] On April 7, 2012 Terry Jones led a protest in front of the Islamic Center of America, Dearborn, speaking about Islam and Free Speech. The mosque was placed on lock down. Thirty police cars were there to block traffic and prevent a counter protest.[64] Historical timeline[edit] European exploration and colonization[edit]

1603 – French lay claim to unidentified territory in this region, naming it New France. July 24, 1701 – Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac and his soldiers first land at what is now Detroit. November 29, 1760 – The British take control of the area from France. 1780 – Pierre Dumais clears farm near what is today's Morningside Street in Dearborn's South End.

Early U.S. history[edit]

1783 – By terms of the Treaty of Paris ending the American Revolutionary War, Great Britain
Great Britain
cedes territory south of the Great Lakes to the United States, although the British retain practical control of the Detroit
area and several other settlements until 1797. 1786 – Agreed year of first permanent settler in present-day Dearborn. 1787 – Territory of the US north and west of the Ohio River
Ohio River
is officially proclaimed the Northwest Territory. December 26, 1791 – Detroit
environs become part of Kent County, Ontario. 1795 – James Cissne becomes first settler in what is now west Dearborn. 1796 – Wayne County is formed by proclamation of the acting governor of the Northwest Territory. Its original area is 2,000,000 square miles (5,200,000 km2), stretching from Cleveland, Ohio, to Chicago, Illinois, and northwest to Canada. May 7, 1800 – Indiana Territory, created out of part of Northwest Territory, although the eastern half of Michigan
including the Dearborn area, was not attached to Indiana Territory
Indiana Territory
until Ohio
was admitted as a state in 1803. January 11, 1805 – Michigan
Territory officially created out of a part of the Indiana Territory. June 11, 1805 – Fire destroys most of Detroit. November 15, 1815 – Current boundaries of Wayne County drawn, county split into 18 townships. January 5, 1818 – Springwells Township established by Gov. Lewis Cass. October 23, 1824 – Bucklin Township created by Gov. Lewis Cass. The area ran from Greenfield to approximately Haggerty and from Van Born to Eight Mile. 1826 – Conrad Ten Eyck builds Ten Eyck Tavern at Michigan
Avenue and Rouge River. 1827 – Wayne County's boundaries changed to its current 615 square miles (1,593 km2). April 12, 1827 – Springwells and Bucklin townships formally organized and laid out by gubernatorial act. October 29, 1829 – Bucklin Township split along what is today Inkster Road into Nankin (west half) and Pekin (east half) townships. March 21, 1833 – Pekin Township renamed Redford Township. March 31, 1833 – Greenfield Township created from north and west sections of Springwells Township, including what is now today east Dearborn. April 1, 1833 – Dearborn Township created from southern half of Redford Township south of Bonaparte Avenue (Joy Road). 1833 – Detroit
Arsenal built. October 23, 1834 – Dearborn Township renamed Bucklin Township. March 26, 1836 – Bucklin Township renamed Dearborn Township. January 26, 1837 – Michigan
admitted to the Union as the 26th state. Stevens T. Mason
Stevens T. Mason
is first governor. 1837 – Michigan
Central Railroad extended through Springwells Township. Hamlet of Springwells rises along railroad. April 5, 1838 – Village of Dearbornville incorporates. Village later unincorporated on May 11, 1846. 1849 Detroit
annexes Springwells Township east of Brooklyn Street. April 2, 1850 – Greenfield Township annexes another section of Springwells Township. February 12, 1857 – Detroit
annexes Springwells Township east of Grand Boulevard. March 25, 1873 – Springwells Township annexes back section of Greenfield Township south of Tireman May 28, 1875 – Postmaster general changes name of Dearbornville post office to Dearborn post office, hence changing the city's name. 1875 – Detroit
Arsenal closed. 1875 – Detroit
annexes another section of Springwells Township. 1876 – William A. Nowlin writes The Bark Covered House in honor of country's 100th birthday. June 20, 1884 – Detroit
annexes Springwells Township east of Livernois. 1889 – First telephone installed in Dearborn at St. Joseph's retreat.

Incorporation as village[edit]

March 24, 1893 – Village of Dearborn incorporates. 1906 – Detroit
annexes another section of Springwells Township. 1916 - Henry, Clara, and Edsel Ford
Edsel Ford
move to Dearborn. 1916 – Detroit
annexes more of Springwells Township, forming Dearborn's eastern boundary. 1917 – Rouge "Eagle" Plant opens. November 1, 1919 – The first house numbering ordinance in Dearborn starts. Residents required to place standard plate number on right side of the main house entrance five feet up. December 9, 1919 – Springwells Township incorporates as village of Springwells. October 16, 1922 – Springwells Township annexes small section of Dearborn Township east of present-day Greenfield Road. December 27, 1923 – Voters approve incorporation of Springwells as a city. It officially became a city April 7, 1924. September 9, 1924 – Village of Warrendale incorporates. November 1924 – Ford Airport opens. April 6, 1925 – Warrendale voters and residents of remaining Greenfield Township approve annexation by Detroit. May 26, 1925 – Village of Dearborn annexes large portion of Dearborn Township. December 23, 1925 – Springwells changes name to city of Fordson. February 15, 1926 – First U.S. airmail delivery made, going from Ford Airport in Dearborn to Cleveland. September 14, 1926 – Election approves incorporation of village of Inkster. Unincorporated part of Dearborn Township split into two unconnected sections. October 11, 1926 – Only dirigible to ever moor in Dearborn docks at Ford Airport.

Reincorporation as city[edit]

February 14, 1927 – Village of Dearborn residents approve vote to become a city. June 12, 1928 – Voters in Dearborn, Fordson
and part of Dearborn Township vote to consolidate into one city. January 9, 1929 – Clyde Ford elected as first mayor of Dearborn. 1929 – Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Museum and Greenfield Village opens. July 1, 1931 – Dearborn Inn opens as one of the first airport hotels in world. March 7, 1932 – Ford Hunger March crosses Dearborn city limits. Four marchers are shot to death by police and Ford service men. 1936 – John Carey becomes mayor of Dearborn. June 19, 1936 – Montgomery Ward
Montgomery Ward
opens in Dearborn. May 26, 1937 – Harry Bennett's Ford "service" men beat United Auto Workers (UAW) official Richard Frankensteen in the Battle of the Overpass June 21, 1941 – Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company
signs its first union contract. 1939 – The Historic Springwells Park Neighborhood is established by Edsel B. Ford to provide company executives and auto workers with upscale housing accommodations. January 6, 1942 – Orville L. Hubbard
Orville L. Hubbard
takes office as mayor of Dearborn for first time. April 7, 1947 – Henry Ford
Henry Ford
dies. October 20, 1947 – Dearborn City
Council approves purchase of land near Milford, Michigan
for what would become Camp Dearborn. First section of camp opens following year. October 21, 1947 – Ford Airport officially closes. 1950 – First Pleasant Hours senior citizen group formed. 1950 – Dearborn Historical Museum formally established. January 1953 – Oakwood Hospital formally opened and dedicated. April 22, 1958 – Election held to annex part of South Dearborn Township to Dearborn. Proposal fails. 1959 – University of Michigan
(Dearborn Campus) opens. April 6, 1959 – Election held to annex part of North Dearborn Township to Dearborn. Proposal fails. 1962 – St. Joseph's retreat closed and razed 1962 – New Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Community College campus dedicated. November 9, 1962 – Ford Rotunda
Ford Rotunda
burns down 1967 – Dearborn Towers in Clearwater, Florida
Clearwater, Florida
opens. March 2, 1976 – Fairlane Town Center
Fairlane Town Center
opens. 1978 – John B. O' Reilly, Sr. becomes mayor of Dearborn November 6, 1981 – Cable Television reaches first home in Dearborn, on Abbot Street. December 16, 1982 – Orville Hubbard dies. 1986 – Michael Guido becomes mayor of Dearborn. 1993 – Michael Guido is the first mayor to run unopposed. 2006 – Michael Guido dies at the age of 52 during his 6th term, the only mayor to die in office. 2006 – John B. O'Reilly, Jr. is to become temporary Mayor. O'Reilly's father was the mayor who had preceded Mayor
Guido. 2007 – John B. O'Reilly, Jr. is elected mayor of Dearborn winning 93.97% of the vote. 2008 – John B. O'Reilly, Sr. dies at the age of 89; he was Mayor
of Dearborn (1978–1985) and also served as Chief of Police for 11 years.

See also[edit]

Metro Detroit
Metro Detroit

History of the Middle Eastern
Middle Eastern
people in Metro Detroit


^ " City
of Dearborn, Michigan". City
of Dearborn, Michigan. Retrieved August 25, 2012.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-02.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Dearborn, Michigan ^ Population of Michigan
Cities, Villages, Townships, and Remainders of Townships. www.michigan.gov. ^ America's Story, Explore the States: Michigan
(2006). Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village Archived 2009-10-14 at the Wayback Machine. Library of Congress. Retrieved on May 2, 2007. ^ State of Michigan: MI Kids (2006). Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Museum and Greenfield Village Archived 2010-12-07 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on May 2, 2007. ^ "History" Archived 2007-07-21 at the Wayback Machine., Dearborn Area Living, accessed 15 May 2010 ^ " Arab American National Museum
Arab American National Museum
of Arab American
Arab American
History, Culture & Art". Arabamericanmuseum.org. Retrieved 2009-04-09.  ^ Buttle and Tuttle Ltd (2000–2008). "Wayne County island place names". Archived from the original on May 27, 2009. Retrieved June 10, 2009.  ^ Heritage Newspapers (2009). "Dearborn Area Living: rivers, creeks, ditches". Archived from the original on June 29, 2009. Retrieved June 10, 2009.  ^ Camp Dearborn
Camp Dearborn
Archived 2009-08-06 at the Wayback Machine., Dearborn city website ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 29, 2016.  ^ "MI Dearborn". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 29, 2016.  ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.  ^ "Population Estimates". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2014-05-22. Retrieved 2014-08-14.  ^ "Dearborn (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". census.gov. Archived from the original on 2014-01-04.  ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder – Results". census.gov.  ^ Maltese In Detroit, Diane Gale Andreassi, Larry Zahra, Arcadia Publishing, Feb 28, 2011, p. 47 ^ Rev. Horace L. Sheffield, III, Denounces 'Residents Only' Policy at New Dearborn Civic Center as Racist Attempt to Limit Access by African-Americans, PR Newswire, HighBeam Research ^ Population and Household Estimates for Southeast Michigan
July 2014[permanent dead link], SEMCOG, July 2014 ^ "Dearborn, Michigan: America's Muslim Capital". Planetizen: The Urban Planning, Design, and Development Network.  ^ of Citizenship, University of Michigan[dead link] ^ The Arab Population: Census Bureau, 2000, pp. 7–8, accessed 15 Apr 2008 ^ Raz, Guy. "Lebanese-Americans Are Angry and Anxious", National Public Radio. August 8, 2006. Retrieved on March 27, 2013. ^ Michigan
statistics – Arab Institute of America Archived 2010-06-01 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Living together peacefully in heart of Arab America by Pierre M. Atlas – Common Ground News Service". commongroundnews.org.  ^ " Islamic Center of America
Islamic Center of America
- Dearborn, Michigan
- Mosques on Waymarking.com". waymarking.com.  ^ Karoub, Jeff. "Oasis of Arab culture sits comfortably in Dearborn, Michigan." Chicago
Sun-Times. August 6, 2011. Retrieved on November 20, 2012. ^ "Contact Ford." Ford Motor Company. Retrieved on November 7, 2009. ^ " City
of Dearborn 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). p. 186.  ^ Locations: Detroit
(Dearborn) Archived 2012-10-17 at the Wayback Machine., Spring Arbor University, accessed November 8, 2012 ^ CMU in Dearborn, Michigan, CMU Global Campus, Central Michigan University, accessed November 8, 2012 ^ "Dearborn Public Schools". Dearborn Public Schools. Retrieved August 25, 2012.  ^ "Westwood Community Schools." Michigan
Department of Information Technology Center for Geographic Information. Retrieved on May 4, 2017. ^ "Zoning Map." City
of Dearborn. Retrieved on May 4, 2017. ^ "Home." Muslim American Youth Academy. Retrieved on November 1, 2015. Address is "19500 Ford Road, Dearborn, MI 48128, United States" ^ "School History – St. Alphonsus Schools Alumni Dearborn, MI". Stalsalumni.com. Archived from the original on 2016-01-02. Retrieved 2016-03-13.  ^ Pratt, Chastity, Patricia Montemurri, and Lori Higgins. "PARENTS, KIDS SCRAMBLE AS EDUCATION OPTIONS NARROW." Detroit
Free Press. March 17, 2005. A1 News. Retrieved on April 30, 2011. "School closings announced Wednesday by the Archdiocese of Detroit
doomed eight high schools in Detroit
and neighboring suburbs and will shutter 10 elementary schools, including historic landmarks such as St. Alphonsus Elementary in Dearborn and St. Florian Elementary in Hamtramck." ^ "GEE Academies." Global Educational Excellence. Retrieved on September 1, 2015. ^ "Hours/About Us." (Archive) Dearborn Public Library. Retrieved on November 15, 2013. ^ "A LOOK AT THE Bryant Branch." (Archive) Dearborn Public Library. Retrieved on November 15, 2013. ^ "A LOOK AT THE Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Centennial Library." (Archive) Dearborn Public Library. Retrieved on November 15, 2013. ^ "A LOOK AT THE Esper Branch." (Archive) Dearborn Public Library. Retrieved on November 15, 2013. ^ " City
of Dearborn".  ^ " City
of Dearborn Council President".  ^ Guide, Press and. "pressandguide.com - Serving Dearborn and Dearborn Heights since 1918". Press and Guide.  ^ "About Us Archived 2013-05-20 at the Wayback Machine.." The Arab American News. Retrieved on September 22, 2013. ^ "Michigan's Rima Fakih
Rima Fakih
Wins Miss USA Pageant". CBS News. May 16, 2010.  ^ Serrapere, Jo. "Uncle Earl"..  ^ Brayton, Ed (2010-07-22). "Dearborn police accused of violating First Amendment". The Michigan
Messenger. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2011.  ^ Light, Jonathan (September 25, 2010). "Acts-17 Group Acquitted of Inciting Crowd". Dearborn Free Press. DEARBORN, Michigan. Retrieved 23 April 2011.  ^ "Dearborn ordered to apologize for arrests of Christian missionaries at Arab Fest".  ^ a b c d Jill Lawrence, " Sharron Angle
Sharron Angle
on Sharia Religious Law: It's Already Supplanting the Constitution", Politics Daily, 7 October 2010 ^ " Sharron Angle
Sharron Angle
Claims Dearborn, Michigan
Ruled by Sharia Law", The Atlantic ^ "Jones Released from Jail After Paying 'Peace Bond'". WJBK. Dearborn. 2011-04-22. Archived from the original on 2 July 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2012.  ^ "Terry Jones Amicus Brief", ACLU Michigan
Website, accessed 1 September 2011 ^ WDIV. "Crowds Bust Barricades At Pastor's Speech In Dearborn". ClickOnDetroit.  ^ "Riot Police Respond as Counter-Protesters Storm Terry Jones' Demonstration". Dearborn, Michigan
Patch.  ^ "Riot police were called in Friday evening after Gainesville pastor Terry Jones taunted protesters here, prompting the protesters to rush past a police barricade and begin throwing water bottles and shoes". Gainesville.com. 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2016-03-13.  ^ "6 Arrested as Mob Rushes Terry Jones on Way to Arab Festival in Dearborn". Dearborn, Michigan
Patch.  ^ WARIKOO, Niraj (Jun 19, 2011). "Christian missionaries take on Muslims, Catholics at Arab International Festival". Detroit
Free Press. Retrieved 20 June 2011.  ^ Wattrick, Jeff (November 11, 2011). "Judge vacates 'breach of peace' judgement against Terry Jones". MLive.com. Retrieved November 3, 2012.  ^ Warikoo, Niraj (April 7, 2012). "Fla. pastor Terry Jones: Islam's goal is 'world domination'". USA Today. 

Further reading[edit]

Barrow, Heather B. (2015). Henry Ford's Plan for the American Suburb: Dearborn and Detroit. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois
University Press. Cantor, George (2005). Detroit: An Insiders Guide to Michigan. University of Michigan
Press. ISBN 0-472-03092-2.  Fisher, Dale (2003). Building Michigan: A Tribute to Michigan's Construction Industry. Grass Lake, MI: Eyry of the Eagle Publishing. ISBN 1-891143-24-7.  Fisher, Dale (2005). Southeast Michigan: Horizons of Growth. Grass Lake, MI: Eyry of the Eagle Publishing. ISBN 1-891143-25-5.  Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit
Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3.  Rignall, Karen (graduate student). "Building an Arab-American Community in Dearborn." University of Michigan. Volume 5, Issue 1, Fall 1997.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dearborn, Michigan.

Media related to Dearborn, Michigan
at Wikimedia Commons-(Gallery of images of Dearborn)

Dearborn travel guide from Wikivoyage City
of Dearborn Dearborn Chamber of Commerce Dearborn, Michigan
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

v t e

Dearborn, Michigan

Primary and secondary schools

Dearborn PS

Dearborn HS Edsel Ford
Edsel Ford
HS Fordson
HS Dearborn Center for Math, Science and Technology

Divine Child HS Henry Ford
Henry Ford

Colleges and universities

University of Michigan–Dearborn Henry Ford
Henry Ford


Dearborn Mosque Islamic Center of America St. Sarkis Church

Other landmarks

The Henry Ford
Henry Ford
(museum and Greenfield Village) Arab American
Arab American
National Museum Commandant's Quarters (Dearborn Historical Museum) The Dearborn Inn Royal Dearborn Hotel Fair Lane Ford River Rouge Complex John D. Dingell Transit Center Dearborn Ice Skating Center Ford Airport (Defunct)


The Arab American
Arab American

This list is incomplete. Dearborn Center for Math, Science and Technology
Dearborn Center for Math, Science and Technology
serves Dearborn resident but is in Dearborn Heights.

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Wayne County, Michigan, United States

County seat: Detroit


Allen Park Belleville Dearborn Dearborn Heights Detroit Ecorse Flat Rock‡ Garden City Gibraltar Grosse Pointe Grosse Pointe
Grosse Pointe
Farms Grosse Pointe
Grosse Pointe
Park Grosse Pointe
Grosse Pointe
Shores‡ Grosse Pointe
Grosse Pointe
Woods Hamtramck Harper Woods Highland Park Inkster Lincoln Park Livonia Melvindale Northville‡ Plymouth River Rouge Riverview Rockwood Romulus Southgate Taylor Trenton Wayne Westland Woodhaven Wyandotte

Charter townships

Brownstown Canton Huron Northville Plymouth Redford Van Buren

General law townships

Grosse Ile Sumpter

Unincorporated communities

Cherry Hill Martinsville New Boston Waltz West Sumpter

Ghost Towns



‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

Metro Detroit


Architecture Culture Detroit
River Economy Freeways History Historic places International Riverfront Lake St. Clair Media Music Parks and beaches People Performing arts Skyscrapers Sports Tourism Transportation


Downtown Detroit Midtown Detroit New Center

Municipalities over 80,000

Canton Township Clinton Township Dearborn Livonia Sterling Heights Troy Warren Westland

Municipalities 40,000 to 80,000

Bloomfield Township Chesterfield Township Dearborn Heights Farmington Hills Grosse Pointe Macomb Township Novi Pontiac Redford Township Rochester Hills Royal Oak St. Clair Shores Shelby Charter Township Southfield Taylor Waterford Township West Bloomfield Township

Cultural enclaves

Ann Arbor Auburn Hills Birmingham Bloomfield Hills Dearborn Downriver Downtown Detroit Grosse Pointe Midtown Detroit New Center Northville Rochester Royal Oak Southfield Troy Plymouth

Satellite cities

Ann Arbor Brighton Flint Howell Lapeer Monroe Port Huron Toledo Windsor Ypsilanti

Counties in MSA

Lapeer Livingston Macomb Oakland St. Clair Wayne

Counties in CSA

Genesee Monroe Washtenaw

Southeast  Michigan  United States

v t e

 State of Michigan

Lansing (capital)


Index Congressional delegation Fauna Geography Government Highways History Islands Law Lighthouses Museums National Historic Landmarks National Register of Historic Places listings People State Historic Sites State parks Tallest buildings Taxa Timeline Topics Tourist attractions


Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Politics


Upper Peninsula

Copper Country Gogebic Range Keweenaw Peninsula

Lower Peninsula

Central Michigan Metro Detroit Michiana Northern Michigan Southeast Michigan The Thumb West Michigan

Largest Municipalities

Ann Arbor Battle Creek Bay City Bloomfield Township Canton Township Chesterfield Township Clinton Township Commerce Township Dearborn Dearborn Heights Detroit East Lansing Farmington Hills Flint Georgetown Township Grand Blanc Township Grand Rapids Holland Township Independence Township Kalamazoo Kentwood Lansing Lincoln Park Livonia Macomb Township Meridian Township Midland Muskegon Novi Orion Township Pontiac Portage Redford Rochester Hills Roseville Royal Oak Saginaw Saginaw Township St. Clair Shores Shelby Charter Township Southfield Sterling Heights Taylor Troy Warren Waterford Township West Bloomfield Westland Wyoming Ypsilanti Township


Alcona Alger Allegan Alpena Antrim Arenac Baraga Barry Bay Benzie Berrien Branch Calhoun Cass Charlevoix Cheboygan Chippewa Clare Clinton Crawford Delta Dickinson Eaton Emmet Genesee Gladwin Gogebic Grand Traverse Gratiot Hillsdale Houghton Huron Ingham Ionia Iosco Iron Isabella Jackson Kalamazoo Kalkaska Kent Keweenaw Lake Lapeer Leelanau Lenawee Livingston Luce Mackinac Macomb Manistee Marquette Mason Mecosta Menominee Midland Missaukee Monroe Montcalm Montmorency Muskegon Newaygo Oakland Oceana Ogemaw Ontonagon Osceola Oscoda Otsego Ottawa Presque Isle Roscommon Saginaw Sanilac Schoolcraft Shiawassee St. Clair St. Joseph Tuscola Van Buren Washtenaw Wayne Wexford

v t e

Shopping malls and districts in metropolitan Detroit

Enclosed shopping malls

Briarwood Mall Eastland Center Fairlane Town Center Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Crossing Outlets Lakeside Mall Laurel Park Place Macomb Mall The Mall of Monroe Oakland Mall Renaissance Center Somerset Collection Southland Center Twelve Oaks Mall Westland Center

Open-air centers

Green Oak Village Place The Mall at Partridge Creek Twelve Mile Crossing at Fountain Walk The Village of Rochester Hills

Street-side shopping districts

Greektown (Monroe St.) Lower Woodward (Merchant's Row) Eastern Market (Russell St.) Grosse Pointe
Grosse Pointe
(The Village on Kercheval Ave.) Birmingham (Old Woodward Ave.) Royal Oak (Main St.) Rochester (Main St.) Northville (Main St.) Plymouth (Main St.) Dearborn ( Michigan
Ave.) Wayne ( Michigan
Ave.) Wyandotte (Biddle Ave.) Belleville (Downtown on the Lake on Main St.)

Strip and power centers

Arborland Center Brighton Mall Fairlane Green Gateway Marketplace Lincoln Park Shopping Center Livonia Marketplace Novi Town Center Southgate Shopping Center Tel-Twelve Mall Universal Mall Wonderland Village


Great Oaks Mall Livonia Mall Northland Center Summit Place Mall Meadowbrook Village Mall Winchester Mall Wonderland Mall


Pavilions of Troy

See also: Tourism in me