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Deansgate
Deansgate
is a main road (part of the A56) through Manchester
Manchester
city centre, England. It runs roughly north–south in a near straight route through the western part of the city centre and is the longest road in the city centre at over one mile long.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Transport 4 Events 5 References 6 Further reading

History[edit] Deansgate
Deansgate
is one of the city's oldest thoroughfares. In Roman times its route passed close to the Roman fort of Mamucium
Mamucium
and led from the River Medlock
River Medlock
where there was a ford and the road to Deva (Chester). Along its length were several civilian buildings and a mansio in the vicinity of the Hilton Hotel.[2] Part of it was called Aldport Lane from Saxon times. (Aldport was the Saxon name for Castlefield.) Until the 1730s the area was rural but became built up after the development of a quay on the river.[3] The road is named after the lost River Dene, which may have flowed along the Hanging Ditch connecting the River Irk
River Irk
to the River Irwell, at the street's northern end.[4] ("Gate" derives from the Norse gata, meaning way). By the late 19th century Deansgate
Deansgate
was an area of varied uses: its northern end had shopping and substantial office buildings while further south were slums and a working class area around St John's Church (St John Street remaining upper middle class). The Wood Street Mission began to address the social problems in 1869 and its work continues in a very different form.[5] From Peter Street southwards the eastern side was dominated by the viaducts of the Great Northern and Manchester
Manchester
South Junction Railways, while the Rochdale Canal crossed below Deansgate
Deansgate
to connect with the other waterways beyond. In the late 20th century Deansgate
Deansgate
was home to the head office of the Manchester
Manchester
Evening News newspaper, now replaced by part of the Spinningfields
Spinningfields
development. Geography[edit] Deansgate
Deansgate
begins at Victoria Street, a 19th-century creation. Its east side was occupied by the Victoria Buildings built on a triangular site by Manchester
Manchester
Corporation in 1876 but demolished in a bomb raid in the Manchester
Manchester
Blitz in December 1940.[6] A statue of Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
at the northern corner commemorated Manchester's support for Parliament in the English Civil War. The statue was a gift to the city by Mrs Abel Heywood in memory of her first husband, Thomas Goadsby and was the first large statue of Cromwell to be raised in the open anywhere in England.[7] At the northern end of Deansgate
Deansgate
is Victoria Street, on which lies Manchester
Manchester
Cathedral, and at the southern end is Deansgate
Deansgate
railway station. At this point Deansgate
Deansgate
connects with Bridgewater Viaduct and Chester Road ( Whitworth Street
Whitworth Street
West meets it at this point). The section to the south of Peter Street was known as Aldport Street until the end of the 18th century.[8] The street contains many shops including a House of Fraser
House of Fraser
department store known as Kendals
Kendals
from the 1830s until 2005, and Waterstones along with many public houses and bars including the Moon Under Water, formerly the Deansgate
Deansgate
Cinema (or ABC Deansgate). At 820 square metres (8,800 sq ft), able to accommodate 1,700 customers, and employing 60 staff, it has been listed in The Guinness Book of Records as the largest public house in Britain.[9] Elliot House was the Manchester
Manchester
Registry Office and before that the offices of the corporation's Education Department. The northern end of the street adjoined the Shambles and was badly damaged in the 1996 Manchester
Manchester
City Centre bombing. The area was redeveloped and houses several new buildings, including No. 1 Deansgate
Deansgate
and the Manchester
Manchester
branch of Harvey Nichols. Other buildings in the Deansgate
Deansgate
area include the Royal Bank of Scotland, the Beetham Tower, and the redeveloped Great Northern Warehouse. Historic buildings include the John Rylands Library
John Rylands Library
and the Barton Arcade shopping mall. The disused Manchester
Manchester
and Salford Junction canal runs directly underneath Deansgate
Deansgate
below the Great Northern Warehouse.

Deansgate
Deansgate
electoral ward within Manchester
Manchester
City Council

Transport[edit]

Deansgate
Deansgate
railway station: station frontage which features the previous "Knott Mill" name

Today, the main transport links on Deansgate
Deansgate
are the National Rail
National Rail
and Manchester
Manchester
Metrolink stations and a number of bus routes, including the Metroshuttle
Metroshuttle
services. Deansgate
Deansgate
Station was opened at Knott Mill on 20 July 1849 by the Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway. It is linked to Deansgate- Castlefield
Castlefield
Metrolink station on the Metrolink system. In the first half of the 20th century Deansgate
Deansgate
was a route for trams operated by Manchester
Manchester
Corporation Tramways, and subsequently carried numerous bus services. During the 1970s many bus routes were diverted or separated into two services terminating in the city centre and adjoining streets such as King Street were pedestrianised. In 2009 there were calls for traffic to be banned on Deansgate
Deansgate
and for it to be pedestrianised.[10] The calls were triggered in response to road works that closed parts of Deansgate. Some argued that the disablement of a major traffic route in the city centre could have a damaging economic effect[11] while others argued a that a vehicle-free Deansgate
Deansgate
would attract more shoppers. Events[edit]

Jenson Button
Jenson Button
drives a McLaren F1 car down Deansgate

Deansgate
Deansgate
is a long straight street which has provided a venue for sporting events in the city centre. In 2006 A1 Racing cars visited the city to launch A1 Grand Prix, and used Deansgate
Deansgate
as part of the route.[12] In August 2011 thousands packed the street as Jenson Button drove a McLaren MP4-23
McLaren MP4-23
along Deansgate
Deansgate
as part of the Vodafone
Vodafone
Vip Live Manchester
Manchester
festival. In 2001 the inaugural Great City Games took place on Deansgate, which featured a 150-metre sprinting track. The event has become an annual fixture on the Great Manchester
Manchester
Run weekend during mid-May. Usain Bolt set a world record for the 150 m straight in 2009 and Tyson Gay ran the 200 m straight in record time in 2010.[13][14]

References[edit] Notes

^ " Manchester
Manchester
Deansgate
Deansgate
Bars", manchesterbars.com, retrieved 4 August 2011, Located at the top end of Deansgate, the mile long road that runs through the city centre  ^ When Manchester
Manchester
was Mamucium, Manchester
Manchester
Council, retrieved 25 April 2012  ^ Deansgate/Peter Street Conservation Area, Manchester
Manchester
Council, retrieved 25 April 2012  ^ Cooper 2003, p. 52 ^ Heaton 1995, p. ? ^ There were 31 shops on the ground floor of Victoria Buildings and many offices on the floors above. Victoria Arcade ran through the block and at the northern end was the Victoria Hotel with 100 rooms. ^ Hardy, Clive (2000) Francis Frith's Greater Manchester. Salisbury: Francis Frith Collection; pp. 67–69, 71 ^ Laurent (1793) "Plan of Manchester
Manchester
and Salford illustrated", in: Bradshaw (1985), p. 20 ^ Parkinson-Bailey 2000, p. 287 ^ "Should traffic be banned from Deansgate?", Manchester
Manchester
Evening News, 24 August 2009  ^ Thompson, Dan (25 August 2009), " Deansgate
Deansgate
car ban `could kill city centre'", Manchester
Manchester
Evening News  ^ Scheerhout, John (14 August 2006), "Race cars roar down city streets", Manchester
Manchester
Evening News, retrieved 22 August 2011  ^ Bolt runs 14.35 sec for 150m; covers 50m-150m in 8.70 sec!, IAAF, 17 May 2009, retrieved 14 September 2011  ^ " Tyson Gay
Tyson Gay
breaks Tommie Smith's 200m mark in Manchester", BBC Sport, 16 May 2010, retrieved 17 September 2011 

Bibliography

Cooper, Glynis (2003), Hidden Manchester, Breedon Books Publishing, ISBN 1-85983-401-9  Heaton, Frank (1995), The Manchester
Manchester
Village: Deansgate
Deansgate
remembered, Neil Richardson  Parkinson-Bailey, John J. (2000), Manchester: An Architectural History, Manchester
Manchester
University Press, ISBN 0-7190-5606-3 

Further reading[edit] Route map: Google

KML file (edit • help)

Display on Google Maps

Template:Attached KML/Deansgate KML is from Wikidata

Atkins, Philip (1976). Guide Across Manchester. Manchester: Civic Trust for the North West. ISBN 0-901347-29-9.  Bradshaw, L. D. (1985). Origins of Street Names in the City of Manchester. Radcliffe: Neil Richardson. ISBN 0-907511-87-2. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Deansgate, Manchester.

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Areas and streets of Manchester

Public areas

Albert Square Cathedral Gardens Exchange Square Piccadilly Gardens Sadler's Yard Shambles Square St Peter's Square

Streets

A5103 road
A5103 road
(Princess Parkway) Canal Street Cheetham Hill Road Corporation Street Deansgate Great Ancoats Street King Street Kingsway Market Street Mosley Street New Cathedral Street Oldham Street Oxford Road Portland Street Princess Street Quay Street Sackville Street Spring Gardens Whitworth St

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