DAYTON (/ˈdeɪtən/ ; local pronunciation: /ˈdeɪʔn/ ) is the
sixth-largest city in the
U.S. state of
Ohio's borders are within 500 miles (800 km) of roughly 60 percent of the country's population and manufacturing infrastructure, making the Dayton area a logistical centroid for manufacturers, suppliers, and shippers. Dayton also hosts significant research and development in fields like industrial, aeronautical , and astronautical engineering that have led to many technological innovations. Much of this innovation is due in part to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base and its place within the community. With the decline of heavy manufacturing, Dayton's businesses have diversified into a service economy that includes insurance and legal sectors as well as healthcare and government sectors.
Other than defense and aerospace , healthcare accounts for much of
the Dayton area's economy. Hospitals in the
Greater Dayton area have
an estimated combined employment of nearly 32,000 and a yearly
economic impact of $6.8 billion. It is estimated that Premier Health
Partners , a hospital network, contributes more than $2 billion a year
to the region through operating, employment, and capital expenditures.
In 2011, Dayton was rated the #3 city in the nation by HealthGrades
for excellence in healthcare. Many hospitals in the Dayton area are
consistently ranked by _
Dayton is also noted for its association with aviation; the city is
home to the National Museum of the
* 1 History
* 1.1 Peace accords * 1.2 Nickname
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Climate
* 3 Demographics
* 3.1 2010 census * 3.2 2013 census population estimates
* 4 Economy
* 4.1 Research, development, aerospace and aviation
* 5 Government
* 6 Cityscape
* 6.1 Architecture * 6.2 Neighborhoods * 6.3 Suburbs
* 7 Culture
* 7.1 Fine arts * 7.2 Food * 7.3 Religion
* 8 Tourism
* 8.1 Entertainment
* 8.2 Sports
* 8.2.1 Baseball * 8.2.2 Roller Derby * 8.2.3 Collegiate * 8.2.4 Hockey * 8.2.5 Football * 8.2.6 Golf * 8.2.7 Rugby Union
* 9 Media
* 10 Transportation
* 10.1 Public transit * 10.2 Airports * 10.3 Major highways * 10.4 Rail freight * 10.5 Bicycling
* 11 Education
* 11.1 Public schools * 11.2 Private schools * 11.3 Charter schools * 11.4 Colleges and universities * 11.5 Institutions
* 12 Crime * 13 Sister cities * 14 See also * 15 Notes * 16 References * 17 External links
Dayton was founded on April 1, 1796, by 12 settlers known as the
Thompson Party. They traveled in March from
Daniel C. Cooper laid out
Mad River Road , the first
overland connection between
Dayton has been the home for many patents and inventions since the
1870s. According to the
National Park Service
Innovation led to business growth in the region. In 1884, John Henry
Patterson acquired James Ritty's National Manufacturing Company along
with his cash register patents and formed the National Cash Register
Company (NCR). The company manufactured the first mechanical cash
registers and played a crucial role in the shaping of Dayton's
reputation as an epicenter for manufacturing in the early 1900s. In
1906, Charles F. Kettering, a leading engineer at the company, helped
develop the first electric cash register, which propelled NCR into the
national spotlight. NCR also helped develop the
US Navy Bombe , a
code-breaking machine that helped crack the
Enigma machine cipher
World War II
A catastrophic flood in March 1913, known as the Great Dayton Flood , led to the creation of the Miami Conservancy District , a series of dams and hydraulic jumps installed around Dayton, in 1914. Like other cities across the country, Dayton was heavily involved in the war effort during World War II. Several locations around the city hosted the Dayton Project , a branch of the larger Manhattan Project , to develop polonium triggers used in early atomic bombs. The war efforts led to a manufacturing boom throughout the city, including high demand for housing and other services. At one point, emergency housing was put into place due to a housing shortage in the region, much of which is still in use today.
Between the 1940s and the 1970s, the city saw significant growth in suburban areas from population migration. Veterans were returning from military service in large numbers seeking industrial and manufacturing jobs, a part of the local industry that was expanding rapidly. Advancements in architecture also contributed to the suburban boom. New, modernized shopping centers and the Interstate Highway System allowed workers to commute greater distances and families to live further from the downtown area. More than 127,000 homes were built in Montgomery County during the 1950s.
Since the 1980s, however, Dayton's population has declined, mainly
due to the loss of manufacturing jobs and decentralization of
metropolitan areas, as well as the national housing crisis that began
in 2008. While much of the state has suffered for similar reasons,
the impact on Dayton has been greater than most. Dayton had the
third-greatest percentage loss of population in the state since the
Downtown expansion that began in the 2000s has helped revitalize the city and encourage growth. Fifth Third Field , home of the Dayton Dragons , was built in 2000. The highly successful minor league baseball team has been an integral part of Dayton's culture. In 2001, the city's public park system, Five Rivers MetroParks , built RiverScape MetroPark , an outdoor entertainment venue that attracts more than 400,000 visitors each year. A new performance arts theater, the Schuster Center , opened in 2003. A large health network in the region, Premier Health Partners , expanded its Miami Valley Hospital with a 12-story tower addition.
In 2010, the
Downtown Dayton Partnership, in cooperation with the
Main article: Dayton Agreement
In 1995, the Dayton Agreement , a peace accord between the parties to the hostilities of the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the former Yugoslavia , was negotiated at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base , near Fairborn, Ohio, from November 1 to 21.
Richard Holbrooke wrote about this event in his memoirs:
There was also a real Dayton out there, a charming
Dayton is known as the "Gem City". The nickname's origin is
uncertain, but several theories exist. In the early 19th century, a
well-known racehorse named Gem hailed from Dayton. In 1845, an article
published in the _
In a small bend of the Great Miami River, with canals on the east and south, it can be fairly said, without infringing on the rights of others, that Dayton is the gem of all our interior towns. It possesses wealth, refinement, enterprise, and a beautiful country, beautifully developed.
In the late 1840s, Major William D. Bickham of the _Dayton Journal_ began a campaign to nickname Dayton the "Gem City". The name was adopted by the city's Board of Trade several years later. Paul Laurence Dunbar referred to the nickname in his poem, "Toast to Dayton", as noted in the following excerpt:
She shall ever claim our duty, For she shines—the brightest gem That has ever decked with beauty Dear Ohio's diadem.
Dayton also plays a role in a nickname given to the state of Ohio, "Birthplace of Aviation". Dayton is the hometown of the Wright brothers , aviation pioneers who are credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane. After their first manned flights in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina , which they had chosen due to its ideal weather and climate conditions, the Wrights returned to Dayton and continued testing at nearby Huffman Prairie .
Additionally, Dayton is colloquially referred to as "Little Detroit". This nickname comes from Dayton's prominence as a Midwestern manufacturing center.
According to the
Dayton's climate features hot, muggy summers and cold, dry winters, and is either classified as a humid subtropical climate (Köppen _Cfa_), using the −3 °C (26.6 °F) isotherm of the original Köppen scheme, or a humid continental climate (Köppen _Dfa_), using the 0 °C (32 °F) isotherm preferred by some climatologists. Unless otherwise noted, all normal figures quoted within the text below are from the official climatology station, Dayton International Airport, at an elevation of 1,000 ft (304.8 m) about 10 mi (16 km) to the north of downtown Dayton, which lies within the valley of the Miami River ; thus temperatures there are typically cooler than in downtown.
At the airport, monthly mean temperatures range from 27.5 °F (−2.5
°C) in January to 74.1 °F (23.4 °C) in July. The highest
temperature ever recorded in Dayton was 108 °F (42 °C) on July 22,
1901, and the coldest was −28 °F (−33 °C) on February 13 during
Great Blizzard of 1899 . On average, there are 14 days of 90 °F
(32 °C)+ highs and 4.5 nights of sub-0 °F (−18 °C) lows annually.
Snow is moderate, with a normal seasonal accumulation of 23.3 in (59
cm), usually occurring from November to March, occasionally April,
and rarely October.
Dayton is subject to severe weather typical of the Midwestern United States. Tornadoes are possible from the spring to the fall. Floods, blizzards, and severe thunderstorms can also occur.
CLIMATE DATA FOR DAYTON, OHIO (DAYTON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT ), 1981–2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1893–PRESENT
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 75 (24) 76 (24) 87 (31) 90 (32) 98 (37) 102 (39) 108 (42) 103 (39) 102 (39) 93 (34) 79 (26) 72 (22) 108 (42)
MEAN MAXIMUM °F (°C) 57.0 (13.9) 62.0 (16.7) 73.4 (23) 80.9 (27.2) 85.4 (29.7) 91.4 (33) 93.0 (33.9) 92.3 (33.5) 88.3 (31.3) 81.0 (27.2) 70.3 (21.3) 59.9 (15.5) 94.3 (34.6)
AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 34.7 (1.5) 38.9 (3.8) 49.6 (9.8) 61.9 (16.6) 71.5 (21.9) 80.2 (26.8) 83.8 (28.8) 82.6 (28.1) 75.9 (24.4) 63.8 (17.7) 51.1 (10.6) 38.1 (3.4) 61.1 (16.2)
AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 20.3 (−6.5) 23.1 (−4.9) 31.2 (−0.4) 41.4 (5.2) 51.4 (10.8) 60.9 (16.1) 64.5 (18.1) 62.7 (17.1) 54.9 (12.7) 44.0 (6.7) 34.6 (1.4) 24.3 (−4.3) 42.8 (6)
MEAN MINIMUM °F (°C) −2.1 (−18.9) 2.9 (−16.2) 12.7 (−10.7) 24.9 (−3.9) 36.8 (2.7) 47.7 (8.7) 52.6 (11.4) 51.0 (10.6) 39.9 (4.4) 29.7 (−1.3) 19.5 (−6.9) 4.0 (−15.6) −7 (−22)
RECORD LOW °F (°C) −25 (−32) −28 (−33) −7 (−22) 15 (−9) 26 (−3) 40 (4) 44 (7) 40 (4) 30 (−1) 18 (−8) −2 (−19) −20 (−29) −28 (−33)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 2.71 (68.8) 2.24 (56.9) 3.34 (84.8) 4.09 (103.9) 4.66 (118.4) 4.17 (105.9) 4.11 (104.4) 2.99 (75.9) 3.30 (83.8) 2.93 (74.4) 3.39 (86.1) 3.12 (79.2) 41.05 (1,042.7)
AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 7.9 (20.1) 5.9 (15) 3.4 (8.6) 0.6 (1.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.4 (1) 0.6 (1.5) 4.5 (11.4) 23.3 (59.2)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 12.6 11.2 12.2 13.2 13.7 11.8 10.8 8.4 8.7 9.3 11.5 12.4 135.8
AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.1 IN) 6.3 5.3 2.8 1.0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 1.1 4.6 21.3
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 72.7 72.0 69.5 64.2 65.1 66.0 68.8 71.5 71.9 69.3 73.3 75.8 70.0
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 134.0 136.6 178.4 213.2 263.1 293.7 296.2 277.4 237.6 192.9 115.7 99.9 2,438.7
PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 45 46 48 54 59 65 65 65 64 56 39 34 55
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)
CLIMATE DATA FOR DAYTON, OHIO (MIAMI CONSERVANCY DISTRICT , DOWNTOWN), 1981–2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1893–PRESENT
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 75 (24) 77 (25) 88 (31) 90 (32) 98 (37) 103 (39) 108 (42) 105 (41) 102 (39) 93 (34) 81 (27) 72 (22) 108 (42)
MEAN MAXIMUM °F (°C) 58.3 (14.6) 64.5 (18.1) 75.5 (24.2) 84.1 (28.9) 89.2 (31.8) 95.4 (35.2) 97.0 (36.1) 96.0 (35.6) 91.7 (33.2) 84.2 (29) 72.7 (22.6) 61.3 (16.3) 98.4 (36.9)
AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 36.2 (2.3) 40.4 (4.7) 50.8 (10.4) 64.2 (17.9) 74.3 (23.5) 83.8 (28.8) 87.4 (30.8) 86.2 (30.1) 79.1 (26.2) 66.4 (19.1) 53.1 (11.7) 39.9 (4.4) 63.5 (17.5)
AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 21.8 (−5.7) 24.2 (−4.3) 32.0 (0) 42.9 (6.1) 53.3 (11.8) 63.1 (17.3) 66.9 (19.4) 65.1 (18.4) 57.0 (13.9) 45.3 (7.4) 35.8 (2.1) 26.2 (−3.2) 44.5 (6.9)
MEAN MINIMUM °F (°C) 2.7 (−16.3) 7.3 (−13.7) 16.0 (−8.9) 28.2 (−2.1) 40.4 (4.7) 50.8 (10.4) 56.6 (13.7) 55.6 (13.1) 43.3 (6.3) 32.4 (0.2) 23.0 (−5) 8.0 (−13.3) −3.6 (−19.8)
RECORD LOW °F (°C) −21 (−29) −28 (−33) 0 (−18) 15 (−9) 28 (−2) 37 (3) 45 (7) 37 (3) 29 (−2) 18 (−8) 0 (−18) −16 (−27) −28 (−33)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 2.85 (72.4) 2.31 (58.7) 3.32 (84.3) 4.01 (101.9) 4.81 (122.2) 3.99 (101.3) 4.28 (108.7) 2.85 (72.4) 2.71 (68.8) 2.87 (72.9) 3.32 (84.3) 3.01 (76.5) 40.33 (1,024.4)
AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 5.3 (13.5) 2.2 (5.6) 1.7 (4.3) 0.1 (0.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) trace 0.1 (0.3) 2.9 (7.4) 12.3 (31.2)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 11.1 9.8 10.9 13.0 12.8 10.7 9.4 7.5 7.4 8.5 10.6 11.3 123.0
AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.1 IN) 4.0 2.4 1.0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 2.6 10.2
EST. 2016 140,489
_Note: the following demographic information applies only to the city of Dayton proper. For other Dayton-area communities, see their respective articles._
Dayton's population declined significantly from a peak of 262,332 residents in 1960 to only 141,527 in 2010. This was in part due to the slowdown of the region's manufacturing and the growth of Dayton's affluent suburbs including Oakwood , Englewood , Beavercreek , Springboro , Miamisburg , Kettering , and Centerville . The city's most populous ethnic group, white, declined from 78.1% in 1960 to 51.7% by 2010. However, recent census estimates show a 1.3% population increase since 2010, the first increase in five decades.
As of the 2000 census , the median income for a household in the city was $27,523, and the median income for a family was $34,978. Males had a median income of $30,816 versus $24,937 for females. The per capita income for the city was $34,724. About 18.2% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 census, there were 141,527 people, 58,404 households, and 31,064 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,543.2 inhabitants per square mile (981.9/km2). There were 74,065 housing units at an average density of 1,330.9 per square mile (513.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 51.7% White , 42.9% African American , 0.3% Native American , 0.9% Asian , 1.3% from other races , and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.
There were 58,404 households, of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.9% were married couples living together, 21.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.8% were non-families. 38.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26, and the average family size was 3.03.
The median age in the city was 34.4 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 14.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.8% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
2013 CENSUS POPULATION ESTIMATES
The 2013 census population estimate showed an increasing city of Dayton population for the first time in five decades, attributed to revitalization efforts downtown and the increasing downtown population. However, the 2014 population estimate indicates a net decrease of 897 individuals from 2013's estimate.
C-5 Galaxy at Wright-Patterson AFB
Dayton's economy is relatively diversified and vital to the overall
economy of the state of Ohio. In 2008 and 2009, _Site Selection _
magazine ranked Dayton the #1 medium-sized metropolitan area in the
U.S. for economic development. Dayton is also among the top 100
metropolitan areas in both exports and export-related jobs, ranked 16
and 14 respectively by the
Brookings Institution . The 2010 report
placed the value of exports at $4.7 billion and the number of
export-related jobs at 44,133. The Dayton Metropolitan Statistical
Area ranks 4th in Ohio's Gross Domestic Product with a 2008 industry
total of $33.78 billion. Additionally, Dayton ranks third among 11
major metropolitan areas in
The Dayton region gave birth to aviation and is known for its high concentration of aerospace and aviation technology. In 2009, Governor Ted Strickland designated Dayton as Ohio's aerospace innovation hub, the state's first such technology hub. Two major United States research and development organizations have leveraged Dayton's historical leadership in aviation and maintain their headquarters in the area: The National Air and Space Intelligence Center (NASIC) and the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). NASIC is the U.S. military's primary producer of intelligence on foreign air and space forces, weapons, and systems, while the AFRL provides leading-edge warfighting capabilities. Both have their headquarters at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base . Wright-Patterson Air Force Base is one of the Air Force's largest air base wings. The installation generated a total economic impact in the Dayton area of $4.67 billion in fiscal year 2011, a decline from $5.1 billion in fiscal year 2009. In addition, state officials are working to make the Dayton region a hub and a leader for UAV research and manufacturing. Kettering Tower, Downtown Dayton's tallest high-rise.
Several research organizations support NASIC, AFRL, and the Dayton
Advanced Technical Intelligence Center is a
confederation of government, academic, and industry partners that
leverage advanced technical intelligence expertise. dayta
Southeast tower at Miami Valley Hospital
The Kettering Health Network and Premier Health Partners have a major role on the Dayton area's economy. Hospitals in the Greater Dayton area have an estimated combined employment of nearly 32,000 and a yearly economic impact of $6.8 billion. In addition, several Dayton area hospitals consistently earn top national ranking and recognition including the _U.S. News "> Panorama of Dayton
Unlike many Midwestern cities its age, Dayton has very broad and straight downtown streets (generally two or three full lanes in each direction) that improved access to the downtown even after the automobile became popular. The main reason for the broad streets was that Dayton was a marketing and shipping center from its beginning; streets were broad to enable wagons drawn by teams of three to four pairs of oxen to turn around. In addition, some of today's streets were once barge canals flanked by draw-paths. Mutual Home Savings Building
A courthouse building was built in downtown Dayton in 1888 to
supplement Dayton's original Neoclassical courthouse, which still
stands. This second, "new" courthouse has since been replaced with new
facilities as well as a park. The Old Court House has been a favored
political campaign stop. On September 17, 1859, Abraham Lincoln
delivered an address on the building's steps. Eight other presidents
have visited the courthouse, either as presidents or during
presidential campaigns. They are
Andrew Johnson ,
In 2009, the CareSource Management Group finished construction of a $55 million corporate headquarters in downtown Dayton. The 300,000-square-foot (28,000 m2), 10-story building was downtown's first new office tower in more than a decade.
The Dayton skyline's two tallest buildings are the
Ted Rall said in 2015 that over the last five decades Dayton has been demolishing some of its architecturally significant buildings to reduce the city's rental vacancy rate and thus increase the occupancy rate.
Dayton's ten historic neighborhoods —
Oregon District , Wright
Dunbar , Dayton View , Grafton Hill , McPherson Town , Webster Station
, Huffman , Kenilworth , St. Anne\'s Hill , and South Park — feature
mostly single-family houses and mansions in the Neoclassical,
Jacobethan , Tudor Revival , English Gothic ,
Chateauesque , Craftsman
, Queen Anne , Georgian Revival , Colonial Revival , Renaissance
Revival Architecture, Shingle Style Architecture, Prairie , Mission
Revival , Eastlake/
Main article: Greater Dayton
Dayton's suburbs with a population of 10,000 or more include Beavercreek , Centerville , Clayton , Englewood , Fairborn , Harrison Township , Huber Heights , Kettering , Miami Township , Miamisburg , Oakwood , Riverside , Springboro (partial), Trotwood , Vandalia , Washington Township , West Carrollton , and Xenia .
The Benjamin and Marian Schuster Performing
The Dayton Region ranked within the top 10% in the nation in arts and culture. In 2012, Dayton ranked #2 in the country as an arts destination, ranking higher than larger cities such as Atlanta, St. Louis, and Cincinnati. Dayton is the home of the Dayton Art Institute .
The Benjamin and Marian Schuster Performing
Dayton is the home to several ballet companies including:
Dayton Ballet , one of the oldest professional dance companies
in the United States. The
Dayton Ballet runs the
Dayton Ballet School
, the oldest dance school in Dayton and one of the oldest in the
country. It is the only ballet school in the
Miami Valley associated
with a professional dance company .
Dayton Contemporary Dance Company (established in 1968), which
hosts the largest repertory of African-American-based contemporary
dance in the world. The company travels nationally and internationally
and has been recognized by critics worldwide.
* The Gem
The city's fine dining restaurants include The Pine Club , a nationally known steakhouse. Dayton is home to a variety of pizza chains that have become woven into local culture, the most notable of which are Cassano\'s and Marion\'s Piazza . Notable Dayton-based restaurant chains include Hot Head Burritos .
In addition to restaurants, the city is also home to Esther Price Candies , a candy and chocolate company, and Mike-sells , the oldest potato chip company in the United States.
Historic Sacred Heart Church
Many major religions are represented in Dayton. Christianity is
represented in Dayton by dozens of denominations and their respective
churches. Notable Dayton churches include the First Lutheran Church ,
Sacred Heart Church , and
Ginghamsburg Church . Dayton's Muslim
community is largely represented by the Islamic Society of Greater
Dayton (ISGD), a
Tourists visiting Montgomery County accounted for $1.7 billion in
business activity in 2007. Tourism also accounts for one out of every
14 private sector jobs in the county. Tourism in the Dayton region is
led by the National Museum of the
Other museums also play significant roles in the tourism and economy
of the Dayton area. The
Dayton Art Institute , a museum of fine arts,
owns collections containing more than 20,000 objects spanning 5,000
years of art and archaeological history. The
Dayton Art Institute was
rated one of the top 10 best art museums in the
There are also some notable historical museums in the region. The
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park , operated by the
National Park Service
Thunderbirds at the 2009 Dayton Air Show
The Dayton area is served by Five Rivers MetroParks , encompassing 14,161 acres (5,731 ha) over 23 facilities for year-round recreation, education, and conservation. In cooperation with the Miami Conservancy District , the MetroParks maintains over 70 miles (113 km) of paved, multi-use scenic trails that connect Montgomery County with Greene, Miami, Warren, and Butler counties. From 1996 to 1998, Dayton hosted the National Folk Festival . Since then, the annual Cityfolk Festival has continued to bring folk, ethnic, and world music and arts to Dayton. The Five Rivers MetroParks also owns and operates the PNC Second Street Market near downtown Dayton. The market has more than 50 vendors selling items such as produce, cooked foods, baked goods, crafts, and flowers.
The Dayton area hosts several arenas and venues. South of Dayton in
Kettering is the
Fraze Pavilion , which hosts many nationally and
internationally known musicians. Several notable performances have
Backstreet Boys ,
The Oregon District is a historic residential and commercial district in southeast downtown Dayton. The district is populated with art galleries , specialty shops , pubs , nightclubs , and coffee houses .
The city of Dayton is also host to yearly festivals , notably the
Dayton Celtic Festival and the
The Dayton area is home to several minor league and semi pro teams, as well as NCAA Division I sports programs.
CLUB LEAGUE SPORT VENUE ESTABLISHED
GEM CITY ROLLERGIRLS Women\'s Flat Track Derby Association Roller Derby Hara Arena 2006
DAYTON DUTCH LIONS USL PDL Soccer DOC Stadium 2009
DAYTON DYNAMO National Premier Soccer League Soccer Roger Glass Stadium 2015
DAYTON AREA RUGBY CLUB
Dayton Dragons professional baseball team is the minor league
affiliate for the
The University of Dayton and Wright State University both host NCAA basketball. The University of Dayton Arena has hosted more games in the NCAA men\'s basketball tournament over its history than any other venue. UD Arena is also the site of the First Round games of the NCAA Tournament. In 2012, eight teams competed for the final four spots in the NCAA Basketball Tournament. Wright State University's NCAA men's basketball is the Wright State Raiders and the University of Dayton's NCAA men's basketball team is the Dayton Flyers .
The Dayton Gems was a minor league ice hockey team in the International Hockey League from 1964 to 1977, 1979–1980, and most recently 2009 to 2012.
The Dayton Bombers were an ECHL ice hockey team that most recently played the North Division of the ECHL's American Conference. In June 2009, it was announced the Bombers would turn in their membership back to the league. However, hockey remained in Dayton as the Dayton Gems of the International Hockey League we reformed in the fall of 2009 at Hara Arena . The Gems folded after the 2011–12 season. Shortly after the Gems folded, it was announced a new team, the Dayton Demonz , would begin play in 2012 in the Federal Hockey League (FHL). The Demonz folded in 2015 would be immediately replaced by the Dayton Demolition , also in the FHL. However, the Demolition would cease operations after only one season when Hara Arena decided to close due to financial difficulties.
Dayton hosted the first American Professional Football Association
game (precursor to the NFL ). The game was played at Triangle Park
The Dayton region is also known for the many golf courses and clubs that it hosts. The Miami Valley Golf Club , Moraine Country Club , NCR Country Club , and the Pipestone Golf Course are some of the more notable courses. In addition, several PGA Championships have been held at area golf courses. The Miami Valley Golf Club hosted the 1957 PGA Championship , the Moraine Country Club hosted the 1945 PGA Championship , and the NCR Country club hosted the 1969 PGA Championship .Additionally, NCR CC hosted the 1986 U.S. Women's Open and the 2005 U.S. Senior Open. Other notable courses include the Yankee Trace Golf Club, the Beavercreek Golf Club, Dayton Meadowbrook Country Club, Sycamore Creek Country Club, Heatherwoode Golf Club, Community Golf Course, and Kitty Hawk Golf Course.
The city of Dayton is the home to the Dayton Area Rugby Club . As of 2010, the club fields three squads and play their home games at Eastwood Metropark .
Dayton is served in print by _
The Dayton Daily News _, the city's
sole remaining daily newspaper. The _Dayton Daily News_ is owned by
Cox Enterprises . The Dayton region's main business newspaper is the
Dayton Business Journal _.
Nielsen Media Research ranked the
11-county Dayton television market as the No. 62 market in the United
States. The market is served by stations affiliated with major
American networks including:
WKEF , Channel 22 – ABC , operated by
Sinclair Broadcasting ,
WHIO-TV , Channel 7 –
The Greater Dayton Regional Transit Authority (RTA) operates public bus routes in the Dayton metro area. In addition to routes covered by traditional diesel -powered buses, RTA has a number of electric trolley bus routes. The Dayton trolleybus system is the second longest-running of the six remaining trolleybus systems in the U.S., having entered service in 1933. It is the present manifestation of an electric transit service that has operated continuously in Dayton since 1888.
Dayton operates a Greyhound Station which provides inter-city bus transportation to and from Dayton. The hub is in the Greater Dayton Regional Transit Authority North-West hub in Trotwood .
Terminal building at Dayton International Airport
Air transportation is available just north of Dayton proper, via
Dayton International Airport in Vandalia,
The Dayton area also has several regional airports. The
Dayton–Wright Brothers Airport is a general aviation airport owned
The Dayton region is primarily served by three interstates:
Other major routes for the region include:
* US 35 is a major east-west highway that is most widely used between Drexel and Xenia . * State Route 4 is a freeway that is most heavily traveled between I-75 and I-70. * State Route 444 is north-south state highway . Its southern terminus is at its interchange with Route 4 and its northern terminus is at Interstate 675 . This limited-access road serves Dayton and Fairborn and is a significant route to access points serving Wright-Patterson Air Force Base .
As of 2010, The
Dayton Regional Bike Trail Map
In cooperation with the
Miami Conservancy District , Five Rivers
MetroParks maintains over 70 miles (113 km) of paved scenic trails for
cycling and other activities. In 2010, the city of Troy was named
"bike friendly " by the
League of American Bicyclists , which gave the
city the organization's bronze designation. The honorable mention
made Dayton one of two cities in
The Dayton Public Schools operates 34 schools that serve 16,855 students, including:
The city of Dayton has more than 35 private schools within the city, including:
Dayton has 33 charter schools . Three of the top five charter schools named in 2011 are K-8 schools managed by National Heritage Academies . Notable charter schools include:
COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES
St. Mary's Hall and the Immaculate Conception Chapel at the University of Dayton
The Dayton area was ranked tenth for higher education among
metropolitan areas in the
The public Wright State University became a state university in 1967. Wright State University established the National Center for Medical Readiness , a national training program for disaster preparedness and relief. Wright State's Boonshoft School of Medicine is the Dayton area's only medical school and is a leader in biomedical research .
Dayton is also home to
Sinclair Community College , the largest
community college at a single location in
Other schools just outside Dayton that shape the educational
Antioch College and
Antioch University , both in Yellow
Springs , Kettering College of Medical
Dayton consistently has had one of the highest crime rates among US cities. Dayton has experienced an improving public safety environment since 2003, with crime declining in key categories according to FBI Uniform Crime Reports and Dayton Police Department data. In 2009, crime continued to fall in the city of Dayton. Crime in the categories of forcible rape, aggravated assault, property crime, motor vehicle theft, robbery, burglary, theft and arson all showed declines for 2009. Overall, crime in Dayton dropped 40% over the previous year.
_ This article needs to be UPDATED. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (November 2015)_
The Dayton Police Department reported a total of 39 murders in 2016, which marked a 39.3% increase in homicides from 2015.
Dayton has five sister cities , as designated by Sister Cities International :
* ^ This is far less than the snowbelt regions of northeast Ohio due to distance from the Great Lakes and slightly less than the generally warmer Columbus . * ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. * ^ Official records for Dayton were kept at the Dayton COOP from June 1893 to 9 July 1911, alternating between the Weather Bureau Office and Miami Conservancy District from 10 July 1911 to December 1947, and at Dayton Int'l since January 1948. For more information, see Threadex * ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. * ^ The station location is 39°45′48″N 84°11′28″W / 39.7633°N 84.1911°W / 39.7633; -84.1911 , less than 100 m (330 ft) from the banks of the Miami River .
* ^ _A_ _B_ "US Gazetteer files 2010".
* "What Dreams We Have". National Park Service. Archived from the original on May 23, 2009. Retrieved March 9, 2009. * "School of Law". University of Dayton Page. Retrieved March 4, 2009.
* ^ "Wright Brother Information". Smithsonian Institution:
National Air and Space Museum Home. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
* ^ "Dayton Inventors River Walk". Five Rivers MetroParks. Archived
from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
* ^ Ritchie, William G. "Colonel Edward A. Deeds—An able man who
made things work". Dayton Innovation Legacy. Retrieved January 28,
* ^ "Paul Lawrence Dunbar Biography". University of Dayton.
Archived from the original on August 16, 2011. Retrieved August 25,
* ^ "NCR history information". Funding Universe. Retrieved August
* ^ "NCR WWII Code breaking machines". The Archive Centre. Archived
from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
* ^ "Flood Protection". Miami Conservancy District. Retrieved
August 25, 2011.
* ^ "The Dayton Project". Atomic Heritage. Retrieved August 25,
* ^ "WWII Emergency Housing". Daytonology Blogspot. Retrieved
August 25, 2011.
* ^ "Dayton Modern History" (PDF).
* "Growth of Dayton\'s Suburbs". Red Orbit. Retrieved April 22, 2009. * "Dayton\'s Affluent Suburbs". Red Orbit. September 16, 2011. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
* ^ "
* Cogliano, Joe (August 15, 2010). "2009 WPAFB Economic Impact Analysis". * "2011 WPAFB Economic Impact Analysis" (PDF). December 1, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 30, 2013.
* ^ "UAV research and manufacturing". Dayton Daily News. July 28,
* ^ "University Research". _Wright State University_. Retrieved
August 10, 2016.
* ^ "Welcome to kno.e.sis". _Knoesis.org_. Retrieved August 10,
* ^ "First
RFID incubator" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF)
on June 13, 2010. Retrieved August 13, 2009.
* ^ "Dayton Tech Town". Retrieved April 28, 2010.
* ^ "Dayton area hospital rankings". May 25, 2009.
* ^ "Top cities for ER care 2011". Retrieved April 14, 2011.
* ^ "Healthgrades ranks Dayton tops in nation". Retrieved April 14,
* ^ "Air Force awards $2.7 million to support the National Center
for Medical Readiness". 2009. Archived from the original on July 22,
2013. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
* ^ "
* "Dayton Blues Festival". Retrieved August 18, 2010. * "Urban Nights Dayton". Retrieved August 18, 2010. * "Dayton African American Cultural Festival". Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved August 18, 2010. * "Dayton Reggae Festival". Retrieved August 18, 2010.
* ^ "The
Dayton Dragons are: Popular with the Fans".
Web.minorleaguebaseball.com. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
* ^ "
Dayton Dragons all time prefessional sellout streak The
University of Dayton rich in
NCAA tournament history.
Usatoday.com (March 22, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-08-21.
* ^ "Dayton Daily News".
* ^ Juniewicz, Debbie (June 9, 2009). "Pro hockey returning to Hara
Arena in October". _
Dayton Daily News
* ^ "Montgomery County Trails" (PDF). Retrieved June 14, 2010.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "DDN
League of American Bicyclists Award". Dayton Daily
News. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
* ^ "Dayton
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