The DAWOODI BOHRAS (Urdu : داؤدی بوہرہ) are a sect
within the Ismā\'īlī branch of
Shia Islam . Dawoodi mainly reside
in the western cities of
India and also in
Yemen and East
Africa . The main language of the community is "Lisan ud-Dawat", a
dialect of Gujarati with inclusions from Arabic , Urdu and other
languages. The Script used is
When in communal attire, a Dawoodi male has a form of tunic called
kurta, equally lengthy overcoat dress called saya, and a izaar
typically donned underneath, all of which are mostly white, along with
a white and golden cap called topi. Most men have a beard. A Bohra
woman wears a two piece dress called a rida.
Dawoodi Bohra follow a sort of
Shia Islam as propagated by the
Fatimid Imamate in medieval Egypt. They pray 5 times a day joining
both afternoon prayers Zuhr and Asr and both evening prayers Maghreb
and Isha, fast in the month of
Ramadan , perform
Zakat . The Dawoodi Bohras, being Ismailis and thus Jafaris ,
were included as Muslims in the
Amman Message . There are some
criticisms of the Amman message.
* 1 Name and etymology
* 2 Evolution of
Dawoodi Bohra from other
* 3 Spiritual leader
* 4 History
Shia schisms and the
* 4.2 Tayyibi-
* 4.3 Transfer of
* 4.4 Intra-Bohra schisms
* 4.5 Move to
* 4.6 Imams and Dais
* 5 Office and administration
* 6 Demographics and culture
* 6.1 Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)
* 6.2 Community centres (Masjid)
* 6.3 Education and educational institutes
* 6.4 Mausoleums
* 7 Theology
* 7.1 Seven pillars
* 7.2 Qardhan Hasana
* 8 Muharram and Ashura
* 9 Dawoodi Bohras and the world
* 10 Gallery
* 11 See also
* 12 References
* 13 Further reading
* 14 External links
NAME AND ETYMOLOGY
The word Bohra comes from the Gujarati word vehru ("trade"), in
reference to their traditional profession. The term Dawoodi comes
from the support given to
Dawood Bin Qutubshah during a schism that
the community faced in 1592 when there was a leadership dispute.
EVOLUTION OF DAWOODI BOHRA FROM OTHER SHIA SECTS
Dawoodi Bohra sect is a
Shia sect also referred to as the
Tayyabī Musta\'lī Ismā\'īlī sect. The Isma\'ilis were split from
the now mainstream Ithna Ashari Shias over the succession issue of
Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq. The
Isma'ilis took Isma'il bin Jafar as their
Imam whereas the Twelvers (Ithna Ashari Shia) took
Musa Kazim bin
Jafar Al-Sadiq as their Imam. The Ismailis split into
Isma'ilis due to a succession issue and further down the
line they again split into
Nizari and Musta'ali branches. the
Musta'ali branch to which
Dawoodi Bohra trace their legacy continues
until the 21st Imam Al-Tayyab, who went into occultation (hiding). His
direct descendent is considered as the current Imam and remains in
seclusion. While the Imam is in seclusion, the governance of the sect
has been entrusted to the Da\'i al-Mutlaq (
Missionary). Splinter groups of the Bohras have subsequently emerged
over the succession dispute of the preceding Dai.
The spiritual leader of the
Dawoodi Bohra community is called Da\'i
al-Mutlaq (Arabic : داعي المطلق), who serves as the
representative of the purported hidden Imam , who according to Dawoodi
Bohra's belief lives on in seclusion . The role of Da'i was created by
Queen Arwa bint Ahmed (also known as Al-Hurra Al-Malika) of Yemen. It
should not be confused with other offices that exist in the Imamate
such as Dai-ad-Du'at and Dai al-Balagh.
Zoeb bin Moosa is the first
Dai-al-Mutlaq. The Current Dai-al-Mutlaq is Dr
Mufaddal Saifuddin as
he was appointed as 53 dai-al-mutlaq by his father, Dr Muhammad
Burhanudin on a worldwide shown live relay
As Shi'a Muslims, Bohras believe that their Imāms are descendants of
the Islamic prophet
Muhammad by way of his daughter
Fatimah and her
Ali . They believe that
Ali as his successor
and publicly declared this while he was returning from his first and
Haj in 632 CE. Dawoodi Bohras, in keeping with all Shi'a believe
that after Muhammad,
Ali had been the rightful wali, Imam and caliph,
but the actual Caliphate was usurped by
Ali was the final
Rashidun Caliph from 656-661 CE; the
Imamate and caliphate were united in this period.
After Ali, his son Hasan ibn
Ali , the first Ismāʿīlī Imam, was
challenged for the Caliphate, ultimately resulting in a truce with the
Umayyad Caliphate to recognise the claimant in power,
Muawiyah I , as
Caliph and avoid bloodshed, while Hasan retained the Imamate. After
Hasan, Husain and his family and companions were killed at the Battle
of Karbala and Husain's body was buried near the site of his death.
Dawoodi Bohras believe that Husain's head was buried first, in the
courtyard of Yazid (the
Umayyad Mosque ), then transferred from
Ashkelon , and then to Cairo.
SHIA SCHISMS AND THE FATIMID DYNASTY
Time line indicating Ismaili/
Dawoodi Bohra Imams amongst other Shia
SHIA ISLAM CHART
Ali al Murtaza
Ali zayn ul Abedin
Isma\'il ibn Jafar
Musa al-Kadhim .
Muhammad ibn Isma\'il
Ahmad al-Wafi (Abadullah)
Ahmad (al-Taqī Muhammad)
Ali al Hadi
Ḥusayn (ar-Raḍī ʿAbdillāh)
hasan al Askari
al-Mustanṣir bi l-Lāh
The first through the fifth Ismāʿīlī Imams - until Ja\'far
al-Sadiq - are commonly accepted by all the Shi'a, although numbered
differently. Bohras and
Nizari Ismāʿīlīs treat
Ali as Vasi
(successor to Mohammad) and Imam Hasan as first Imam whereas Twelvers
Ali as the first. The followers of Ja'far's son, Isma\'il ibn
Jafar , became Ismailis, to whom the Bohras belong. Twelvers believe
Musa al-Kadhim was heir to Ja'far instead; their Imams diverged
at that point.
During the period of Ja'far, the
Abbasid Caliphate replaced the
Umayyads and began to aggressively oppose belief in an Imamate. Due to
strong suppression by the Abbasids, the seventh Ismāʿīlī Imam,
Muhammad ibn Ismail , went into a period of Occultation . During this
period his representative, the Dāʿī, maintained the community.
The names of the eighth, ninth, and tenth Imams are considered by
some traditions to be "hidden", known only by their nicknames due to
threats from the Abbasids. However, the Dawoodi Bohra, claim to have
the true names of all the known Imams in sequence, including the
"hidden" Imams, namely: the eighth
Ahmad al-Wafi (Abadullah) , the
Muhammad at-Taqi (Ahmed ibn Abadullah) , and the tenth, Rabi
Abdullah (Husain ibn Ahmed).
The 11th Imam,
Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah , founded the Fatimid
Caliphate in 909 CE in
Ifriqiya (present Tunisia), ending the
occultation. In Ismāʿīlī eyes this act again united the Imamate
and the Caliphate in one person. The Fatimids then extended up to the
central Maghreb (now Morocco, Algeria, Libya). They entered and
Egypt in 969 CE during the reign of the fourteenth Imam,
al-Mu\'izz li-Din Allah , and made
Cairo their capital. After the
eighteenth Imam, al-Mustansir Billah , the
Nizari sect believed that
his son Nizar was his successor, while another Ismāʿīlī branch
known as the
Mustaali (from whom the
Dawoodi Bohra would eventually
form), supported his other son, al-Musta\'li . The
continued with al-Musta'li as both Imam and Caliph, and that joint
position held until the 20th Imam, al-Amir bi-Ahkami l-Lah (1132 CE).
Taiyabi , and
At the death of Imam Amir, one branch of the
Mustaali faith claimed
that he had transferred the imamate to his son at-Tayyib Abi l-Qasim ,
who was then two years old. Another faction claimed Amir died without
producing an heir, and supported Amir's cousin al-Hafiz as both the
rightful Caliph and Imam. The al-Hafiz faction became the Hafizi
Ismailis, who later converted during the rule of Sultan Ṣalāḥ
ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūbi . The supporters of Tayyeb became the
Tayyeb's claim to the imamate was endorsed by the Hurrah al-Malika
("the Noble Queen")
Arwa al-Sulayhi , the Queen of Yemen. Arwa was
designated a hujjah, the highest rank in the Yemeni
Dawat , by
al-Mustansir in 1084 CE. Under Queen Arwa, the Dai al-Balagh
(intermediary between the Imam in
Cairo and local headquarters) Lamak
ibn Malik and then Yahya ibn Lamak worked for the cause of the
Fatimids. Zarih of Arwa al-Sulayhi,
Tayyibis (which include the modern Dawoodi Bohra) believe the second
and current period of satr began after Imam Tayyeb went into
seclusion, and Queen Arwa created the office of the
Dai al-Mutlaq to
administer the community in the Imam's absence.
Zoeb bin Moosa (d.546
AH /1151 CE) was the first Dai-ul-Mutlaq, and lived and died in Haus,
Yemen. His ma'dhūn was Syedna Khattab bin Hasan. The 3rd Dai Sayedna
Hatim (d. 1191 CE) was prominent among the Du'at of
Yemen and wrote
many books, both exoteric and esoteric in philosophy on the Ismaili
TRANSFER OF DAWAT TO INDIA
Moulai Abdullah was the first Walī al-Hind in the era of Imam
Mustansir (427–487 AH). Moulai Abdullah and Moulai Nuruddin were
Gujarat and went to
Egypt , to learn. They
India in 467 AH as missionaries of the Imam. Moulai Ahmed was
also their companion.
Dā'ī Zoeb appointed Maulai Yaqoob (after the death of Maulai
Abdullah), who was the second Walī al-Hind of the
Moulai Yaqoob was the first person of Indian origin to receive this
honour under the Dā'ī. He was the son of Moulai Bharmal, minister of
Hindu Solanki King Siddhraja Jaya Singha (Anhalwara, Patan). With
Minister Moulai Tarmal, they had honoured the
Fatimid dawat along with
their fellow citizens on the call of Moulai Abdullah . Moulai
Fakhruddin , son of Moulai Tarmal, was sent to western
India , and syedi Nuruddin went to the Deccan (death: Jumadi al-Ula 11
at Don Gaum, Aurangabad ,
Maharashtra , India).
One Dā'ī after another continued until the 23rd Dā'ī in Yemen
whilst in Hind the Waliship continued in the descendents of Moulai
Yaqoob; Moulai Ishaq, Moulai Ali, Moulai Hasan Fir. Moulai Hasan Fir
was the fifth Wali in the era of the 16th Dai Syedna Abdullah (d.809
AH/1406 CE) of Yemen. The Awliya al-Hind were champions of the Fatimid
dawat in India, who were instrumental in maintaining his mausoleum is
in Ahmedabad, India. Dai Jalal's tenure as Dai was very short, only a
few months, however, before his nass, he was Wali-ul Hind (after
Moulai Qasim) for about 20 years under the 24th Dai Syedna Yusuf while
the Dai was in Yemen.
Following the death of the 26th Dai in 1591 CE,
Suleman bin Hasan ,
the grandson of the 24th Dai, was wali in
Yemen and claimed the
succession, supported by a few Bohras from
Yemen and India. However,
most Bohras denied his claim of nass, declaring that the supporting
document evidence was forged. The two factions separated, with the
followers of Suleman Bin Hasan becoming the
Sulaymanis , and the
followers of Syedna
Dawood Bin Qutubshah becoming the Dawoodi Bohra.
Again in the period of the 29th Dai
Abduttayyeb Zakiuddin , a small
Aliya Bohra separated under
Ali bin Ibrahim (1034 AH/1634
CE), the grandson of the 28th Dai Syedna Sheikh Adam Safiyuddin. A
further branch broke from the Dawoodi in 1754, with the Hebtiahs Bohra
splicing in a dispute following the death of the 39th Dai.
MOVE TO INDIA
The 34th Dai Syedna
Ismail Badruddin I (son of Moulai Raj, 1657 CE
onward) was the first Dai of Indian Gujrati origin. He shifted the
Ahmedabad to Jamnagar. During this period the Da'is also
moved to Mandvi and later to Burhanpur. In the era of the 42nd Dai
Yusuf Najmuddin (1787 CE onward) the
Dawat office shifted to
Surat . The educational institute Al-Dars-al-Saifee (later renamed Al
Jamea tus Saifiyah ) was built in that era by the 43rd Dai Syedna
Moulana Abdeali Saifuddin , who was an extremely renowned scholar in
the literary field. During the period of the 51st Da'i Syedna Taher
Saifuddin (1915-1965 CE), the
Dawat administration has
been located to Mumbai and continues there to the present day. The
51st and 52nd Da'is both had their residence at Saifee Mahal in
Mumbai's Malabar Hill as does the current Dai Dr. Syedna Mufaddal
The 52nd Dai Al Mutlaq, Dr. Syedna
Mohammed Burhanuddin , served the
dawat for 50 years. His main policy was one of Islamization,
countering the modernizing tendencies of his predecessor .:184–185
Under his rule, a system of strict social control was developed using
modern means of communication. A succession dispute emerged after
Burhanuddin's death as his son (
Mufaddal Saifuddin ) and his
Khuzaima Qutbuddin ) both claimed he had named them his
successor. The majority of the community sided with Saifuddin. Dr.
Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin, now widely recognized as the community's
53rd Dai al-Mutlaq, has continued his predecessor's social control
A group of reformists, the
Progressive Dawoodi Bohra , was formed by
Ali Engineer . While they accept the religious authority and
status of the Dai, these reformers call for social reforms within the
Dawoodi Bohra community. Specifically, they object to the strict
social control policies, as well as the amount of tithing requested by
the clergy. Its members have been excommunicated by the mainstream
Dawoodi Bohra clergy.
IMAMS AND DAIS
Dawoodi Bohra 52nd Dai Sayyedna Mohd. Burhanuddin,1965 CE onward
Main article: List of
Ismaili Imams Main article: List of Dai of
Dawoodi Bohras believe that the 21st
Mustaali Imam, Taiyab abi
al-Qasim, is a direct descendant of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
through his daughter Fatimah. According to this belief, Ṭayyib Abī
l-Qāṣim went into occultation and established the office of the
Dā‘ī l-Muṭlaq as the Imām's vicegerent , with full authority to
govern the believing community in all matters spiritual and temporal,
as well as those of his assistants, the Ma'dhūn (Arabic :
مأذون) and Mukāsir (Arabic : مكاسر). During the
Imām's seclusion, a Dā‘ī l-Muṭlaq is appointed by his
predecessor. The maʾzūn and mukasir are in turn appointed by the
Dā‘ī l-Muṭlaq. A fundamental belief held by the
Dawoodi Bohra is
that the presence of the secluded Imām is guaranteed by the presence
of the Dāʿī al-Muṭlaq.
OFFICE AND ADMINISTRATION
The office of the Da'i al-Mutlaq, known as Dawat–e-Hadiyah, is
central to secular and religious affairs among Dawoodi Bohras. The
present office is in Badri Mahal, Mumbai, which is represented by
Jamaat Committees in all the cities with significant numbers of
Dawoodi Bohra members. The Aamil is the president of the Jamaat
committee in his respective city. He is appointed by the
Dawat–e-Hadiyah, with the permission of the Dai al Mutlaq.
There are several sub committees and trusts under the Jamaat
committee, looking after different aspects of Dawoodi Bohra
DEMOGRAPHICS AND CULTURE
Dawoodi Bohra at his coffee plantation
The worldwide number of Dawoodi Bohras is estimated at just over one
million. The majority of adherents reside in
Gujarat state in India
and the city of
Pakistan . There are also significant
diaspora populations in Europe, North America, the Far East and East
Dawoodi Bohras have a blend of ethnic cultures, including: Yemeni,
Egyptians, Africans, Pakistanis and Indians. In addition to the local
languages, the Dawoodi Bohras have their own language called Lisan
Dawat . which is written in
Perso-Arabic script and is derived
from Arabic , Persian , Urdu and Gujarati .
The centralized, hierarchical organization of the Dawoodi Bohras is
maintained largely using persuasion and (the threat of)
excommunication of those who do not conform to the rules laid down by
the Syedna and other members of the clergy.
marriage and bars burial in Dawoodi burial sites.
Dawoodi Bohra maintain a distinct form of attire; the Dawoodi
Bohra men wear a white three piece outfit, plus a white and gold cap
Kufi (called a topi), and women wear the rida, a distinctive form of
the commonly known burqa which is distinguished from other forms of
the veil due to it sporting bright colors and decorated with patterns
and lace. The ridah can have any color except black, preventing
confusion of Bohra women with Sunni women and thus enabling easy
identification of fellow members of the community, which in turn is
important for maintaining strict social control. The rida
additionally differs from the burqa in that the rida does not call for
covering of women's faces like the traditional veil . It has a flap
called the pardi that is usually folded to one side to facilitate
visibility, but can also be worn over the face if so desired. (says
Jonah Blank ). The
Dawoodi Bohra retain the Fatimid-era
Tabular Islamic calendar
Tabular Islamic calendar , which they believe matches perfectly with
the lunar cycle, not requiring any correction. In this calendar, the
lunar year has 354 days. Their odd-numbered months have 29 days and
the even-numbered months have 30 days, except in a leap year when the
12th and final month has 30 days. This is in contrast with other
Muslim communities, which base the beginnings of specific Islamic
months on sightings of the moon, with the naked eye, by religious
authorities, which often result in differing opinions as to the
occurrence of religiously significant dates, such as the start of
FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION/CUTTING (FGM/C)
Many Dawoodi Bohras perform female genital cutting , a practice that
has been widely criticized. According to a 2015-2016 survey, 81% of
Dawoodi Bohra women do not want this practice to continue for future
generations. However, it has not been denounced by the Syedna. In
fact, in a 2016 sermon, he seemed to call for the practice to be
carried out discreetly in countries where it is illegal.
In April 2017, a doctor from Detroit, Michigan was arrested on
charges of conducting FGM on girls in the United States. The
Dawat-e-Hadiyah, an organization overseeing smaller Shiite Muslim
sects, hired two well-known lawyers,
Alan Dershowitz and Mayer
Morganroth, to help the defense. This case has led to an outspread
cry for the condemnation of FGM("khatna" as Bohra's call it) within
the community. An organization called Sahiyo (meaning "friends" in
Gujarati) has been working within the community to help spread
education on why this practice should be condemned.
COMMUNITY CENTRES (MASJID)
Masjid e Moazzam,
Dawoodi Bohras have their own jamaats (local communities) which will
be focused around a
Masjid or a markaz (community centre) where an
"Amil" (leader appointed by the Syedna (TUS) leads namaaz and gives
Dawoodi Bohras have a unique system of communal eating with groups of
8 or 9 people seated around a thaal (particularly large metal tray).
Each course of the meal is served for the people around the thaal to
share. The place where meals are served is called the Jamaat Khaana.
The Jamaat Khaana is usually adjoined to the masjid complex.
In 2012, the community leadership under Mohammed Burhanuddin
instituted community kitchens in Mumbai that deliver Bohra families
two meals per day; the goal of this system is to free women from the
task of preparing food, providing them with time to pursue education
or economic activities.
EDUCATION AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES
During the 20th century, the Syednas have established colleges,
schools and madrasas in villages, towns and cities all around the
world. The focus on literacy and education has meant that the
community has a high percentage of degree holders and professionals
both male and female with a high number of doctors, lawyers,
architects, engineers, teachers and IT professionals in the community
in addition to the large number of businessmen and industrialists.
Al Jamea tus Saifiyah is the
Dawoodi Bohra theological university,
which was founded in
India in 1814 AD(1224AH)by the 43rd Dai
Moulana Abdeali Saifuddin who named it ‘Dars-e-Saifee". A second
campus was founded in 1983 located in the northern foothills of
Pakistan . A third campus was established in Nairobi, Kenya
in 2011, and in 2013 a fourth campus was established in Marol
The 51st Dai Syedna
Taher Saifuddin introduced modern subjects
including sciences and arts to the curriculum in 1961 and renamed the
academy Al Jamea tus Saifiyah. This process of modernization continued
with his son and successor Syedna
Mohammad Burhanuddin who introduced
'state-of-the-art' facilities such as the
Mahad al-Zahra Quran
training Institute. He also made it an International Baccalaureate
Office. The academies are administered by a central office located in
Badri Mahal, Fort, Mumbai. The 51st Dai Syedna
Taher Saifuddin was a
prolific scholar who wrote more than 40 volumes or 'Risalas' and has
penned more than 10,000 verses in tribute to the
Shia saints. Many of
his works are part of the syllabus in the different fields of Arabic
Al Jamea tus Saifiyah .
Aligarh Muslim University
Aligarh Muslim University conferred a Doctorate of Theology on
the 51st Dai
Taher Saifuddin and offered its Chancellorship. He
remained as Chancellor for three consecutive terms until his death in
1965. In October 1999, the 52nd Dai Syedna
Mohammad Burhanuddin was
also elected Chancellor of the
Aligarh Muslim University
Aligarh Muslim University . Mufaddal
Saifuddin was elected chancellor in 2015.
Mohammad Burhanuddin established MSB Educational Institute in
Nairobi and Mumbai, in 1984. Currently, there are 25 branches of the
Dawoodi Bohra visit every year Mausoleums of Ahl al-Bayt
especially Medina, Karbala, Shaam and Cairo.
Raudat Tahera ,
Mausoleum 51st and 52nd Dai
The Dai al Mutlaq and Wali of Past have been laid to rest in Rauzas ,
where thousands of community members visit every year, in
Raudat Tahera (Arabic : روضة طاهرة Rawḍatu
Ṭāḥiratu), is the
Rauza of 51st Dai Syedna Taher Saifuddin. 52nd
Mohammed Burhanuddin was buried by his son, Mufaddal
Saifuddin in the same mausoleum .
For an overview of the
Mustaali Shi'a faith, see
The Dawoodi Bohras follow the Seven pillars of
Ismaili Islam in the
Walayah (guardianship of the faith),
Taharah (purity), salat (prayer),
Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca), and
* Dawoodi Bohras believe
Walayah to be the most important of the
seven pillars of Islam. It is the love and devotion for God, through
their Dai, Imam, Wasi (Wali)
Ali and Nabi
Muhammad . There is an
incident famous amongst Bohra which confirm how they mean and weigh
‘walayat ’ principle. There was an order from 19th Dai Syedna
Yemen to the 6th Wali-ul-Hind, Moulai Adam, to perform prayer
behind a water-carrier called Sakka. Moulai Adam along with his
associates were willing to perform prayer under Sakka, although this
order was later revoked. As a result, the Da'wat was shifted to India.
* Their interpretations of the pillars
Hajj , and
akin to those in other forms of Islam, but the Dawoodi forms of salat
Zakat differ from other groups:
Salat (prayer) as per tradition to be performed five time
intervals specified as Fazr, Zohr, Ashr, Magrib and Ishah. Zohr and
Ashr are having overlapping period, same is Magrib and Ishah. Hence
they are combined together and Bohra perform these five
Salat in three
intervals. Fazr in morning, Zohr ">:200
As is the case with the majority of Shi'a Muslims, the Bohra append
Aliyun waliallah to their profession of faith (kalema‐tut‐
Dawoodi Bohra utilise the versions of the azaan (call to
prayer) and shahada common to other
Mustaali , which incorporate
Riba (Usury) and interest; Dawoodi Bohras follow
principle of Qardhan hasana, interest free loans. Numerous Qardhan
Hasana fund schemes have been established, many working at the local
jamaat level and others working at a national level in various
countries. The funds are generated from contributions of individual
members but the bulk amount comes from the Dai-al-Mutlaq. (In 2014,
Mufaddal Saifuddin donated more than Rs. 103.50 crore (Rs. 1.035
MUHARRAM AND ASHURA
Mourning of Muharram
Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. The first ten
days of this month are marked by Bohras to commemorate the martyrdom
of Husayn ibn
Ali , the grandson of Muhammad.
Dawoodi Bohra begin mourning from the second eve of Muharram and
continue with discourses during the day and majlises each night which
climax with the day of 'Aashura' on the 10th of Muharram. This is the
day on which Husain and his family and 72 of his companions and family
were killed by the army of
Yazid I at the
Battle of Karbala on his
orders. The surviving members of Husain's family and those of his
followers were taken captive, marched to Damascus, and imprisoned
Thousands of Dawoodi Bohras flock from around the world to hear the
discourses offered by the
Da'i al-Mutlaq usually in a different place
each year. In October 2016 the Ashara commemorations by Mufaddal
Saifuddin took place in
Dar es Salaam
Dar es Salaam ,
The event takes place in every Bohra community worldwide along the
same lines in terms of time and duration. Selected discourses by the
Syedna are broadcast live from wherever he happens to be that year. It
is Syedna's express instruction that Bohras set aside this time of the
year to focus solely on the commemoration by taking the requisite time
off from their work, businesses and institutes of education well
DAWOODI BOHRAS AND THE WORLD
Dawoodi Bohra mosque in the West was built in Farmington
Hills, Michigan in 1988. Immediately thereafter, the first Canadian
masjid was inaugurated by Dr. Syedna
Mohammed Burhanuddin in
Mohammed Burhanuddin inaugurated the
Houston masjid in 1996, which was
reconstructed into a larger masjid that is four times the size of the
original. This new masjid was inaugurated in Oct, 2015 by Mufaddal
In June 2001 Masjid-ul-Badri in Chicago was inaugurated. In July 2004
new mosques in
New Jersey (Masjiduz-Zainy), Washington DC and Boston
The following year, August 2005, the Dā‘ī l-Mutlaq inaugurated
another new masjid in Fremont, California (metropolitan San Francisco)
and was congratulated by various officials and dignitaries from local,
state and federal US governments. President George W. Bush also sent a
letter from the White House. On 8 July 2007, Mohammad Burhanuddin
inaugurated a new masjid in Paris, France.
V K Singh lauds
Dawoodi Bohra community's role in 'Operation Rahat'
Jumala Nargarwala , a female Michigan doctor who is
reportedly a Dawoodi Bohra, was the first person charged under the
United States' law forbidding female genital mutilation. Bohra is the
only religious community in
India to regularly practice FGM.
Medina, up to Imam Jafar, 765AD
Mousoleum Imam Abadullah, Salamia, Syria, (1st- Daur-us-Satr) 07 to
10th Imam, 765 AD - 881/909 AD
Fatimid Imam era, Cairo, Egypt, 11 to 21st Imam, 881/909 AD-1138 AD
Syedna Hatim Rauza,
Yemen era 2nd Daur us Satr start with 1st Dai
Zoeb, 1138 AD
Syedna Idris Court
Yusuf Najmuddin bin Suleman, Tayba,
Yemen era end
with 24th Dai, 1567AD
Ujjain, 39 ">
Dawoodi Bohra Duwat, Burhanpur,41st dai era 1780-1787 AD
Rauzas of seven Dai al Mutlaq at Surat,
Gujarat era 1787-1915
Grave 51st Dai Taher Saifuddin, Mumbai, era 1915-1965 AD- contd.
Mausoleum of 1 st Wali–ul–Hind:Moulai Abadullah, Khambat,
Gujarat,(10-11th Century AD)
Mausoleum of Moulai
Fakhruddin Shaheed ,
Galiakot , Rajasthan,
India(10-11th Century AD)
Dargah of Maula Qazi, Halvad.
53rd Syedna succession controversy (Dawoodi Bohra)
List of Dai of Dawoodi Bohra
List of Dai of Dawoodi Bohra
Progressive Dawoodi Bohra
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* Bin Hasan, Idris, Uyun al-akhbar (Bin Hasan was the 19th Da'i of
the Dawoodi Bohra. This volume is a history of the
from its origins up to the 12th century CE., the period of the Fatimid
caliphs al-Mustansir (d. 487/1094), the time of Musta‘lian rulers
including al-Musta‘li (d. 495/1101) and al-Amir (d. 524/1130), and
Ismaili community in Yemen.)
* A Short History of the Ismailis, By Farhad Daftary
* The Ismaili, their history ;background:none
Da\'i al-Mutlaq of
Zoeb bin Moosa
Ibrahim bin Husain
Ali Bin Syedna Hatim
Ali Bin Syedna Mohammed Bin Waleed
Ali Bin Hanjala
Ahmed ibn Mubarak
Ahmed ibn Mubarak
* Husain Bin Ali
Ali Bin Husain
Ali Bin Husain
* Ibrahim Bin Husain
* Mohammed Bin Sayedi Hatim
* Abdul Muttalib
Abbas Bin Mohammad
Hasan Badruddin (17th Dai)
Ali Shamshuddin Bin Abdullah
* Hasan Badruddin (20th Dai)
* Husain Husamuddin
Ali Shamshuddin II