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Dawlish
Dawlish
/ˈdɔːlɪʃ/ is an English seaside resort town and civil parish in Teignbridge
Teignbridge
on the south coast of Devon, 12 miles (19 km) from the county town of Exeter. It had a population of 12,345,[1] which decreased to 11,893 at the 2011 census.[2] During the 18th century, it grew from a small fishing port into a well-known seaside resort. Its nearest neighbour, Teignmouth, developed in a similar way during the 19th century.

Contents

1 Description 2 Toponymy 3 History

3.1 Brunel's railway

4 Literary connections 5 Transport 6 Local produce 7 Religion 8 Schools and education 9 Twinning 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Description[edit]

Black swans in Dawlish Water
Dawlish Water
2010

Dawlish
Dawlish
is located at the outlet of a small river, Dawlish Water
Dawlish Water
(also called The Brook), between Permian red sandstone cliffs, and is fronted by a sandy beach with the South Devon
Devon
Railway sea wall and the Riviera Line
Riviera Line
railway above. Behind this is a central public park, The Lawn, through which Dawlish Water
Dawlish Water
flows. Immediately to the south-west of Dawlish
Dawlish
is a headland, Lea Mount, with Boat Cove at its foot and Coryton Cove, the furthest part of the beach accessible by the seawall path, behind it. To the north-east, via the beach or seawall, the coast can be followed some 2 km to Langstone Rock and the resort of Dawlish Warren
Dawlish Warren
beyond. Dawlish
Dawlish
is also known for its black swans (Cygnus atratus), introduced from Western Australia, which live with other exotic waterfowl in a small urban sanctuary on Dawlish
Dawlish
Water.[3] Toponymy[edit] The name Dawlish
Dawlish
derives from a Welsh river name meaning black stream. There was also a Roman translation of Dolfisc, meaning 'Dark river' and 'The Devils Water'. It was first recorded in 1044 as Doflisc. By 1086 it was Dovles; in 1302, Dovelish; and by 1468 it had become the more recognisable Dawlisshe.[4] History[edit] Before Dawlish
Dawlish
itself was settled, fishermen and salt makers came down from the higher ground where they lived, to take advantage of the natural resources available on the coast hereabouts. They built salterns to produce salt and stored it in sheds nearby. The unpredictable nature of the stream, Dawlish
Dawlish
Water, during floods is likely to have led to nearby Teignmouth
Teignmouth
being the preferred site for salt-making, and the practice stopped at Dawlish
Dawlish
during the Anglo-Saxon period (AD 400–1000).[5] The earliest settlement at Dawlish
Dawlish
grew up almost a mile away from the coast, around the area where the parish church is today.[6] There is evidence of early settlements at Aller Farm, Smallacombe, Lidwell and at Higher and Lower Southwood, where the ground would have been fertile and not subject to flooding.[5] The land that includes present-day Dawlish
Dawlish
was granted by Edward the Confessor to Leofric, later the first Bishop of Exeter, in 1044. After the Norman Conquest, Leofric gave the land to the Diocese of Exeter, which held it until it was sold,[7] in 1802. Little of note happened at Dawlish
Dawlish
until the end of the 18th century,[7] when seaside locations on the south coast started to become popular with the wealthy, mainly caused by George III making Weymouth in Dorset his summer holiday residence from 1789. In May 1795, the antiquarian and topographer John Swete
John Swete
spent some time in Dawlish
Dawlish
and reported that although not long ago it had been no more than a fishing village, and the best lodging house would not cost more than half a guinea per week, it was now so fashionable that "in the height of the season, not a house of the least consequence is to be hired for less than two guineas a week, and many of them rise to so high a sum as four or five."[8] In the first decade of the 19th century the land between the original settlement and the sea was "landscaped"; the stream was straightened, small waterfalls were built into it, and it was flanked by a broad lawn and rows of new houses: The Strand on the north side and Brunswick Place on the south. The entire layout survives remarkably unchanged today,[6][9] despite severe damage caused by a torrent of water coming down Dawlish Water
Dawlish Water
from the Haldon Hills
Haldon Hills
on the night of 10 November 1810.[7] Also worth noting are Manor House and Brook House (both about 1800) and some of the cottages in Old Town Street surviving from the old village. Dawlish's transformation from a fishing settlement to a watering hole for Victorian celebrities is documented at the Dawlish Museum.

View of Dawlish
Dawlish
beach May 1881.

Brunel's railway[edit] In 1830, Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
designed a railway, which operated on a pneumatic principle,[10] using a 15-inch iron tube. One of the pumping stations was in this town. The line ran right along the seafront, but Brunel ensured that the line was carried across the mouth of the stream on a small granite viaduct, leaving access to the beach.[6] The atmospheric railway opened on 30 May 1846 and ran between Exeter St Davids and Newton Abbot. The first passenger train ran in September 1847, but the project was besieged with problems mainly with the leather sealing valve, which after 12 months of use needed replacing at a cost of £25,000. South Devon
Devon
Railway directors abandoned the project in favour of conventional trains: the last atmospheric train ran in September 1848. Literary connections[edit] After visiting Sidmouth
Sidmouth
in 1801, Jane Austen
Jane Austen
spent a long holiday at Dawlish
Dawlish
in 1802, later complaining about its "particularly pitiful and wretched library".[11] She mentioned the town several times in her 1811 novel Sense and Sensibility.[12] In Charles Dickens' Nicholas Nickleby (1838–39) the protagonist inherits a small farm near Dawlish. The novelist and poet Margaret Holford died in Dawlish
Dawlish
on 11 September 1852, aged 84. The Romantic poet John Keats
John Keats
wrote a poem titled " Dawlish
Dawlish
fair".

View from Dawlish
Dawlish
station to the south-west toward the scenic tunnelled coastal section of line.

Transport[edit] Dawlish railway station
Dawlish railway station
is situated in the town centre next to the beach. It is served by trains to most stations in Devon, and to London and further afield. The line is noted as one of the most memorable stretches of track in Britain for its natural beauty, although at a very high cost to Network Rail
Network Rail
as it is one of the most expensive lines to maintain due to the continual battle with sea erosion.[13][14][15] One storm in 1974 washed away much of the down platform in the station,[16][17] and during the UK storms of January–February 2014 waves brought down the sea wall and washed away a section of the railway line leaving the permanent way suspended in mid air.[18] The 2014 storm raised questions about the vulnerability of the South Devon
Devon
Railway sea wall to storm damage and proposals were put forward to re-route Plymouth-bound rail services further inland, either by re-opening the disused railway line via Okehampton
Okehampton
and Tavistock, re-opening the former Teign Valley Line, or by reviving a 1930s GWR project to construct the Dawlish
Dawlish
Avoiding Line.[19] The A379 road
A379 road
runs through the town parallel to the railway line. Local produce[edit] During the early and middle part of the 20th century, Dawlish
Dawlish
became famous for Devon
Devon
Violets perfume, and hundreds of varieties were grown in market gardens surrounding the town. Violet escapees can be found growing wild across the area. Lately the town has become known for growing freesias, daffodils and strawberries. The sheltered location in Lyme Bay means the climate is mild and frost/snow are rare, ensuring a long growing season. Television presenter Phillip Schofield once remarked that Dawlish's growing season was the 16th best in western Europe. Religion[edit] There are several places of worship in Dawlish:

Dawlish
Dawlish
Baptist Church[20] Dawlish
Dawlish
Christian Fellowship[21] Dawlish
Dawlish
Methodist Church Dawlish
Dawlish
Strand Church (United Reformed)[22] St Agatha's Church (Roman Catholic)[23] St Gregory's Church (Anglican)[24]

Schools and education[edit] The primary schools in Dawlish
Dawlish
are Gatehouse Primary School[25], Westcliff Primary School, Ratcliff School, and Oaklands Park School.[26] Dawlish Community College (formerly Dawlish
Dawlish
Comprehensive School and Dawlish
Dawlish
Secondary Modern) in Elm Grove Road is the main secondary school. Oakwood Court College
Oakwood Court College
is a specialist residential college based in Dawlish, with a satellite college in Torpoint. Twinning[edit] Dawlish
Dawlish
is twinned with Carhaix-Plouguer
Carhaix-Plouguer
in France.[27] See also[edit]

Dawlish, South Australia

References[edit]

^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Teignbridge
Teignbridge
Retrieved 27 January 2010 ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ Black Swans and other waterfowl Archived 23 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine., Dawlish
Dawlish
Town Council website ^ Watts, Victor (2010). The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names (1st paperback ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 180. ISBN 978-0-521-16855-7.  ^ a b " Dawlish
Dawlish
History Introduction". dawlish.com. Retrieved 17 June 2012.  ^ a b c Hoskins, W. G. (1972). A New Survey of England: Devon
Devon
(New ed.). London: Collins. pp. 386–7. ISBN 0-7153-5577-5.  ^ a b c Worth, R. N. (1895). A History of Devonshire. London: Elliot Stock. pp. 314–5.  ^ Peter Hunt, ed. (1984). Devon's Age of Elegance. Devon
Devon
Books. p. 128. ISBN 0-86114-750-2.  ^ Cherry, Bridget; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1989). The Buildings of England – Devon. Harmondsworth: Penguin. pp. 329–333. ISBN 0-14-071050-7.  ^ Hadfield, Charles (1967). Atmospheric Railways. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-4107-3.  ^ " Jane Austen
Jane Austen
... Dawlish
Dawlish
and Sidmouth" (PDF). Devon
Devon
Libraries. Retrieved 17 June 2012.  ^ " Jane Austen
Jane Austen
Gazetteer - Sense and Sensibility - Dawlish, Devonshire". The Republic of Pemberley. Retrieved 17 June 2012.  ^ "Railway cliff scheme 'on target'". BBC News. 13 October 2004. Retrieved 31 March 2008.  ^ "Weather could wash away rail link". BBC News. 27 October 2005. Retrieved 31 March 2008.  ^ Chris Ledgard (27 May 2006). "Brunel railway faces up to the sea". BBC News. Retrieved 31 March 2008.  ^ Kay, Peter (1991). Exeter
Exeter
- Newton Abbot: A Railway History. Platform 5. p. 108. ISBN 1-872524-42-7.  ^ " Dawlish
Dawlish
railway repairs halted over safety fears". BBC News. 13 October 2004. Retrieved 31 March 2008.  ^ "UK storms wash away railway line and leave thousands without power". BBC News. Retrieved 5 February 2014.  ^ Turner, Lauren (7 February 2014). "How do you fix the Dawlish problem?". BBC News. Retrieved 8 February 2014.  ^ Site Retrieved 5 June 2017. ^ Site Retrieved 5 June 2017. ^ Site Retrieved 5 June 2017. ^ Dawlish
Dawlish
site Retrieved 5 June 2017. ^ A Church Near You Retrieved 5 June 2017. ^ School site Retrieved 15 January 2017. ^ Retrieved 15 January 2017. ^ "British Towns Twinned with French Towns". Complete France. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dawlish.

Dawlish
Dawlish
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Dawlish
Dawlish
in the Domesday Book

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