The Info List - David Trimble

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William David Trimble, Baron Trimble, PC (born 15 October 1944), is an Irish politician who was the first First Minister of Northern Ireland from 1998 to 2002, and the leader of the Ulster Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party
(UUP) from 1995 to 2005.[2][3] He was also the Member of Parliament for Upper Bann from 1990 to 2005 and the Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Upper Bann from 1998 to 2007. In 2006, he was made a life peer in the House of Lords
House of Lords
and a year later left the UUP to join the Conservative Party. Trimble began his career as a Professor of Law at The Queen's University of Belfast in the 1970s, during which time he began to get involved with the paramilitary-linked Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party. He was elected to the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Constitutional Convention in 1975, and joined the UUP in 1978 after the VPUP disbanded.[3] Remaining at Queen's University, he continued his academic career until being elected as the MP for Upper Bann in 1990. In 1995 he was unexpectedly elected as the leader of the UUP.[3] He was instrumental in the negotiations that led to the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, and (along with John Hume) won the Nobel Peace Prize that year for his efforts. He was later elected to become the first First Minister of Northern Ireland, although his tenure was turbulent and frequently interrupted by disagreements over the timetable for Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
decommissioning. After being defeated at the 2005 general election, Trimble resigned the leadership of the UUP soon afterwards. In June 2006, he accepted a life peerage in the House of Lords, taking the title of Baron Trimble, of Lisnagarvey
in the County of Antrim.[4] He did not stand again for the Assembly, which finally reconvened in 2007, instead leaving the UUP to join the Conservative Party.[5]


1 Early life and education 2 Early career

2.1 Academic career 2.2 Political career

3 Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party 4 First Minister of Northern Ireland 5 Peerage

5.1 Turkel Commission of Inquiry

6 Personal life 7 Selected works

7.1 Books 7.2 Articles

8 See also 9 Notes and references 10 External links

Early life and education[edit] Trimble was the son of William and Ivy Trimble, lower-middle class Presbyterians who lived in Bangor, County Down.[6][7] He attended Bangor Grammar School
Bangor Grammar School
(1956–63).[8] Trimble's paternal grandfather George was a native of County Longford. He studied at Queen's University of Belfast
Queen's University of Belfast
(QUB) from 1964 to 1968, where he was awarded the McKane Medal for Jurisprudence.[8] He received a first class honours degree (the first at Queen's in three years), becoming a Bachelor of Laws
Bachelor of Laws
(LL.B).[9][10] Early career[edit] Academic career[edit] Trimble qualified as a barrister in 1969. He began that year as a Queen's University of Belfast
Queen's University of Belfast
lecturer, subsequently becoming Assistant Dean of the law faculty from 1973–75, a Senior Lecturer
in 1977, and Head of the Department of Commercial and Property Law from 1981 to 1989.[8][11][12][13] He resigned from the university in 1990 when he was elected to Parliament.[8] In 1983, as he sat in his office at the university, he heard gunshots which turned out to be those of IRA killers of Edgar Graham, a friend and fellow law professor.[13] He was asked to identify the body.[13] In 1994 he was told by the Royal Ulster Constabulary
Royal Ulster Constabulary
that he had been targeted for assassination.[13] Political career[edit] Trimble became involved with the right-wing, paramilitary-linked Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party
Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party
(known as Vanguard) in the early 1970s. He ran unsuccessfully for the party in the 1973 Assembly election for North Down, coming last.[14] In 1974, he was a legal adviser to the Ulster Workers' Council
Ulster Workers' Council
during the successful UWC strike against the Sunningdale Agreement.[15] He was elected to the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Constitutional Convention in 1975 as a Vanguard member for Belfast South, and for a time he served as the party's joint deputy leader, along with the Ulster Defence Association's Glenn Barr.[16] The party had been established by Bill Craig to oppose sharing power with Irish Nationalists, and to prevent closer ties with the Republic of Ireland; however Trimble was one of those to back Craig when the party split over Craig's proposal to allow voluntary power sharing with the SDLP. He joined the mainstream Ulster Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party
(UUP) in 1978 after Vanguard disbanded, and was elected one of the four party secretaries.[10][16] He served as Vice Chairman of the Lagan Valley Unionist Association from 1983–85, and was named chairman in 1985.[11] In, He served as chairman of the UUP Legal Committee from 1989–1995 and as honorary secretary of the Ulster Unionist Council in 1990–96.[11] He was elected to Parliament with 58% of the vote in a by-election in Upper Bann in 1990.[16][17][18] He was one of the few British politicians who urged support for the Islamic government of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the civil war in the 1990s. Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party[edit] On 8 September 1995, Trimble unexpectedly won election as Leader of the UUP, defeating the front-runner John Taylor and three other candidates.[12][19]

A mural in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
supporting the Portadown

Trimble's election as Leader came in the aftermath of his role in the Drumcree conflict, in which he led a controversial 1995 Orange Order Protestant march, amidst Nationalist protest, down the predominantly Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Nationalist Garvaghy Road in Portadown, County Armagh.[6][12] Trimble and Democratic Unionist Party
Democratic Unionist Party
Leader Ian Paisley walked hand-in-hand as the march, banned since 1997, proceeded down the road.[20] Many Irish Catholics viewed it as insensitive, while many Protestants felt that it was a sign that Trimble was defending them.[12] Shortly after the election, Trimble became the first UUP Leader in 30 years to meet with the Taoiseach
in Dublin.[12] In 1997, he became the first unionist leader since the partitioning of Ireland in 1922 to agree to negotiate with Sinn Féin.[21] Later, in the All Party negotiations, he led the UUP delegation and sat at the table with Sinn Féin, though in the eight months of the negotiations he never spoke directly to their leader, Gerry Adams.[6][11] The talks were successful, culminating in the Belfast Agreement of 10 April 1998, which resulted in power-sharing with Nationalists.[10][11] On 22 May 1998, voters in Northern Ireland approved the agreement, with 71 per cent in favour.[11] Trimble was appointed to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom
Privy Council of the United Kingdom
in the 1998 New Year Honours.[22][23] First Minister of Northern Ireland[edit] Trimble at first opposed the appointment of former U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell as the chairman of multi-party talks, but eventually accepted him. The talks resulted in the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement (GFA) of April 1998.[24] Trimble was subsequently seen as instrumental in getting his party to accept the accord.[25] Trimble was elected on 25 June 1998 as a Member of the Northern Ireland Assembly for Upper Bann.[26] He was elected First Minister of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
on 1 July 1998.[26]

Nobel Peace Prize

In October 1998, Trimble and John Hume
John Hume
were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland.[27] The Nobel Institute
Nobel Institute

As the leader of the traditionally predominant party in Northern Ireland, David Trimble
David Trimble
showed great political courage when, at a critical stage of the process, he advocated solutions which led to the [Belfast (Good Friday)] peace agreement.[27]

Arguments over the extent of Provisional Irish Republican Army decommissioning led to repeated disruptions during Trimble's tenure as First Minister. In particular:

The office of First Minister was suspended from 11 February 2000 to 30 May 2000. Trimble resigned as First Minister on 1 July 2001 due to the continuing impasse arising from the IRA's refusal of his demands that it decommission its arms, as per the commitments all parties had signed up to in section 7 pt. 3 (page 25) [28] of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement[29] but he was re-elected on 5 November 2001. The Assembly was suspended from 14 October 2002 until 2007 due to accusations of an IRA spy ring being operated there (the so-called Stormontgate Affair).

In 1998, Tony Blair
Tony Blair
announced a new judicial inquiry, the Bloody Sunday Inquiry, into the killing of 14 unarmed civil rights marchers in Derry in 1972. A previous investigation, the Widgery Tribunal, into the same event had been discredited. During the debate in the House of Commons, Trimble was one of few dissenting voices. He said "I am sorry to have to say to the Prime Minister that I think that the hope expressed by the hon. Member for Foyle (Mr. Hume) that this will be part of the healing process is likely to be misplaced. Opening old wounds like this is likely to do more harm than good. The basic facts of the situation are known and not open to dispute."[30] Reporting in 2010, The Saville Inquiry confirmed that all of the 14 killings and 13 woundings were unjustified. Peerage[edit] At the general elections of 2005, Trimble was defeated by the Democratic Unionist Party's David Simpson in his bid for re-election to Parliament in Westminster. The Ulster Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party
retained only one seat in Parliament (out of 18 in Northern Ireland) after the 2005 general election, and Trimble resigned the party leadership on 7 May 2005.

The House of Lords
House of Lords
meets in the Palace of Westminster

On 11 April 2006, it was announced that Trimble would take a seat in the House of Lords
House of Lords
as a working life peer, as an appointed member of the Peerage whose title may not be inherited.[31] On 21 May 2006 it was announced that he had chosen the geographical designation Lisnagarvey, the original name for his adopted home town of Lisburn. Subsequently, on 2 June 2006, he was created Baron Trimble, of Lisnagarvey
in the County of Antrim.[32] On 18 December 2006, he announced that he would be standing down from the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly at the next election.[33] Trimble was named an Honorary Patron of the University Philosophical Society, Trinity College, Dublin. On 17 April 2007, Trimble announced he had decided to join the Conservative Party in order to have greater influence in politics in the United Kingdom.[5] At the same time, however, he stated that he did not intend to campaign against the Ulster Unionist Party, and proposed the idea of a future alliance between the Conservatives and the Ulster Unionists, similar to that which had existed prior to 1974 and the fallout of the Sunningdale Agreement. This idea became reality with the formation of Ulster Conservatives and Unionists
Ulster Conservatives and Unionists
– New Force in late 2008. It was reported that if the Conservatives won the 2010 general election, Trimble would receive a "significant" ministerial role, possibly in the Cabinet.[34] In the event, however, Trimble was not offered any governmental or front bench position following the formation of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government. In May 2010, Trimble joined the "Friends of Israel Initiative," a non-Jewish international project supporting Israel's right to exist. The initiative, started by former prime minister of Spain Jose Maria Aznar, also included former United States Ambassador to the United Nations John R. Bolton, British historian Andrew Roberts, and former Peruvian president Alejandro Toledo.[35] On 29 January 2013, Trimble and Aznar co-wrote an article in The Times condemning Hezbollah
and calling on European governments to list it as a terrorist organisation.[36] In 2016 Trimble supported the Leave side in the UK referendum on EU membership. He said that if he had ever had any doubts about the issue, 'his eight years on the EU Select Committees in the House of Lords – which scrutinise the EU’s operations – had convinced him of the need to cut ties with Brussels'. He cited a study which found that economic growth in the UK reduced after the decision to enter the Common Market, and reduced further when the UK went into the Single Market.[37] Turkel Commission of Inquiry[edit]

Routes of Gaza-bound flotilla (green) and Israeli Navy
Israeli Navy

Further information: Legal assessments of the Gaza flotilla raid On 14 June 2010, Trimble was appointed as an observer to the Israeli special independent public Turkel Commission of Inquiry into the Gaza flotilla raid.[38][39] The Commission investigated whether Israel's actions in preventing the arrival of ships in Gaza were in accordance with international law.[39] It focused among other things on the security considerations for imposing a naval blockade on the Gaza Strip and the conformity of the naval blockade with the rules of international law; the conformity of the actions during the raid to principles of international law; and the actions taken by those who organised and participated in the flotilla, and their identities.[39] On the Commission were former Israeli Supreme Court
Israeli Supreme Court
Justice, Jacob Turkel, and former Technion University
Technion University
President, Amos Horev, as well two other members added in July 2010. ( Bar Ilan University
Bar Ilan University
Professor of International Law Shabtai Rosenne
Shabtai Rosenne
also served on the Commission from its establishment until his death on 21 September 2010.[40]) In addition, the Commission had two foreign observers, Trimble and former head of the Canadian military's judiciary, Judge Advocate General, Ken Watkin, who took part in hearings and discussions, but did not vote on the final conclusions.[41][42] The panel, in January 2011, concluded both Israel’s naval blockade of Gaza and the interception of the flotilla “were found to be legally pursuant to the rules of international law”.[43] Personal life[edit] Trimble's first marriage, to Heather McComb in August 1968, ended in divorce in 1976. There were no children from his first marriage. Trimble married a former student, Daphne Elizabeth (née Orr), in August 1978. They have two sons and two daughters (Richard, Victoria, Nicholas, and Sarah).[7] Lady Trimble served as a member of the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland, and later the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission, before standing unsuccessfully in the UK Parliamentary election of May 2010 for the UCUNF. His son Nicholas is active within the Ulster Unionist Party. In 2016 Nicholas Trimble was co-opted to replace Alexander Redpath as a Councillor representing Downshire West on Lisburn
and Castlereagh City Council. Selected works[edit] Books[edit]

To Raise Up a New Northern Ireland: Articles and Speeches 1998–2000, David Trimble, The Belfast Press, 2001


"The Belfast Agreement", David Trimble, 22 Fordham International Law Journal 1145, 1998–99

See also[edit]

List of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Members of the House of Lords List of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
members of the Privy Council

Notes and references[edit]

^ "Elvis Presley". Great Lives. 14 August 2007. BBC
Radio 4. Retrieved 2014-01-18.  ^ "The Stormont debacle: Opinions divided on d'Hondt drama; From Portrush to Portaferry and Larne to Strabane the people of Ulster were split over the shambles at Stormont. Stephen Dunwoody assesses the mood on the streets". The News Letter (Belfast, Northern Ireland). 16 July 1999. Retrieved 28 June 2010.  ^ a b c " David Trimble
David Trimble
(British politician)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 October 1944. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ "No. 58004". The London Gazette. 7 June 2006. p. 7793.  ^ a b "Statement by Baron Trimble, Tuesday, 17 April 2007" (Press release). David Trimble
David Trimble
official website. 17 April 2007. Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2007. Consequently I have decided to join the Conservatives.  ^ a b c The Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
and the ... Google Books. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ a b Newsmakers. Google Books. Retrieved 28 June 2010.  ^ a b c d "The Rt. Hon. David Trimble, Book Military Speaker The Rt. Hon. David Trimble". Tmcentertainment.co.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2010.  ^ Dod's parliamentary companion. Google Books. 16 October 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2010.  ^ a b c "Obiter Dicta" (PDF). Spring 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2010.  ^ a b c d e f " David Trimble
David Trimble
– Biography". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ a b c d e The Day – Google News Archive Search ^ a b c d Daytona Beach Sunday News-Journal – Google News Archive Search ^ North Down 1973–1982, Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Elections ^ The Routledge dictionary of modern ... Google Books. Retrieved 30 June 2010.  ^ a b c The Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
and the ... Google Books. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ The Tuscaloosa News – Google News Archive Search ^ "No. 52150". The London Gazette. 25 May 1990. p. 9691.  ^ "Ulster Protestant Party Names a Hard-Liner". The New York Times. Northern Ireland. 9 September 1995. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ See video of march in the 1995 section here [1]. ^ The Tuscaloosa News – Google News Archive Search ^ "No. 54993". The London Gazette
The London Gazette
(Supplement). 30 December 1997. p. 1.  ^ "New Year Honours Life Peers to Order of the Companion of Honour". BBC
News. 31 December 1997. Retrieved 28 June 2010.  ^ The Deseret News ^ "Key players". The Daily Telegraph. London. 25 October 2001. Retrieved 30 June 2010.  ^ a b " David Trimble
David Trimble
– Biography". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 30 June 2010.  ^ a b boes.org crew. " Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
1998, John Hume
John Hume
and David Trimble". Boes.org. Retrieved 30 June 2010.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-03.  ^ "The long and arduous road to paramilitary decommissioning". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster (29 January 1998). " Hansard
Record of Commons Debate launching the Saville Inquiry". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 16 June 2010. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ BBC
(11 April 2006). "New working life peers unveiled". BBC
News. Retrieved 18 April 2007.  ^ "No. 58004". The London Gazette. 7 June 2006. p. 7793.  ^ BBC
(18 December 2006). "Trimble set to quit assembly seat". BBC News. Retrieved 18 April 2007.  ^ Daily Telegraph (24 July 2008). "Lord Trimble lined up as minister in Cameron government". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 25 July 2008.  ^ "Aznar, Trimble to launch new pro-Israel project. 'Friends of Israel'". The Jerusalem Post. 31 May 2010. Archived from the original on 17 June 2010. Retrieved 14 June 2010.  ^ David Trimble; Jose Maria Aznar
Jose Maria Aznar
(29 January 2013). "Don't Mince Words. Hezbollah
are terrorists". Retrieved 29 January 2013.  ^ http://www.newsletter.co.uk/news/northern-ireland-news/eu-isn-t-working-on-economic-grounds-trimble-1-7297563 ^ Zrahiya, Zvi (17 June 2010). "Israeli members of flotilla inquiry panel meet for first time". Haaretz. Retrieved 17 June 2010.  ^ a b c "Cabinet asked to approve independent public commission". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 22 June 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010.  ^ http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/turkel-committee-member-shabtai-rosenne-dies-at-93-1.315062 ^ BBC: Gaza flotilla inquiry panel members ^ Haaretz: Who's who on Israel's committee on the Gaza flotilla raid ^ Weiss, Mark (24 January 2011). "Israeli inquiry clears soldiers over Gaza flotilla raid". The Irish Times. 

External links[edit]

David Trimble's official website

Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom Contributions in Parliament at Hansard
1803–2005 Current session contributions in Parliament at Hansard Voting record at PublicWhip.org Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou.com Profile at BBC
News Democracy Live Articles authored at Journalisted Transforming Unionism: David Trimble
David Trimble
And the Gereral Election 2005, Irish Academic Press, 2005, ISBN 0-7165-3389-8 David Trimble: the Price of Peace, Frank Millar, Liffey Press, 2004, ISBN 1-904148-60-3 Himself Alone: David Trimble
David Trimble
and the Ordeal of Unionism, Dean Godson, HarperCollins, 2004, ISBN 0-00-257098-X Trimble, Henry MacDonald, Bloomsbury Publishing PLC, 2001, ISBN 0-7475-5315-7 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly bio Guardian Politics Ask Aristotle – David Trimble TheyWorkForYou.com – David Trimble
David Trimble
MP Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
for 1998 – Lecture by David Trimble BBC
News – The Search for Peace: David Trimble Maiden Speech : House of Commons – 23 May 1990 Other Irish Nobel Winners Appearances on C-SPAN

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Constitutional Convention

New convention Member for South Belfast 1975–1976 Convention dissolved

Parliament of the United Kingdom

Preceded by Harold McCusker Member of Parliament for Upper Bann 1990 – 2005 Succeeded by David Simpson

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland

New forum Member for Upper Bann 1996–1998 Forum dissolved

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland

New assembly Member of the Legislative Assembly for Upper Bann 1998 – 2007 Succeeded by George Savage

Political offices

New office First Minister of Northern Ireland 1998–2001 Succeeded by Reg Empey Acting

Preceded by Reg Empey Acting First Minister of Northern Ireland 2001–2002 Vacant Office suspended Title next held by Ian Paisley

Party political offices

Preceded by Ernest Baird Lindsay Smyth Deputy Leader of the Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party 1975–1978 Served alongside: Glenn Barr Position abolished

Preceded by James Molyneaux Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party 1995–2005 Succeeded by Reg Empey

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Laureates of the Nobel Peace Prize


1901 Henry Dunant / Frédéric Passy 1902 Élie Ducommun / Charles Gobat 1903 Randal Cremer 1904 Institut de Droit International 1905 Bertha von Suttner 1906 Theodore Roosevelt 1907 Ernesto Moneta / Louis Renault 1908 Klas Arnoldson / Fredrik Bajer 1909 A. M. F. Beernaert / Paul Estournelles de Constant 1910 International Peace Bureau 1911 Tobias Asser / Alfred Fried 1912 Elihu Root 1913 Henri La Fontaine 1914 1915 1916 1917 International Committee of the Red Cross 1918 1919 Woodrow Wilson 1920 Léon Bourgeois 1921 Hjalmar Branting / Christian Lange 1922 Fridtjof Nansen 1923 1924 1925 Austen Chamberlain / Charles Dawes


1926 Aristide Briand / Gustav Stresemann 1927 Ferdinand Buisson / Ludwig Quidde 1928 1929 Frank B. Kellogg 1930 Nathan Söderblom 1931 Jane Addams / Nicholas Butler 1932 1933 Norman Angell 1934 Arthur Henderson 1935 Carl von Ossietzky 1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas 1937 Robert Cecil 1938 Nansen International Office for Refugees 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 International Committee of the Red Cross 1945 Cordell Hull 1946 Emily Balch / John Mott 1947 Friends Service Council / American Friends Service Committee 1948 1949 John Boyd Orr 1950 Ralph Bunche


1951 Léon Jouhaux 1952 Albert Schweitzer 1953 George Marshall 1954 United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees 1955 1956 1957 Lester B. Pearson 1958 Georges Pire 1959 Philip Noel-Baker 1960 Albert Lutuli 1961 Dag Hammarskjöld 1962 Linus Pauling 1963 International Committee of the Red Cross / League of Red Cross Societies 1964 Martin Luther King Jr. 1965 UNICEF 1966 1967 1968 René Cassin 1969 International Labour Organization 1970 Norman Borlaug 1971 Willy Brandt 1972 1973 Lê Đức Thọ (declined award) / Henry Kissinger 1974 Seán MacBride / Eisaku Satō 1975 Andrei Sakharov


1976 Betty Williams / Mairead Corrigan 1977 Amnesty International 1978 Anwar Sadat / Menachem Begin 1979 Mother Teresa 1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel 1981 United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees 1982 Alva Myrdal / Alfonso García Robles 1983 Lech Wałęsa 1984 Desmond Tutu 1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War 1986 Elie Wiesel 1987 Óscar Arias 1988 UN Peacekeeping Forces 1989 Tenzin Gyatso (14th Dalai Lama) 1990 Mikhail Gorbachev 1991 Aung San Suu Kyi 1992 Rigoberta Menchú 1993 Nelson Mandela / F. W. de Klerk 1994 Shimon Peres / Yitzhak Rabin / Yasser Arafat 1995 Pugwash Conferences / Joseph Rotblat 1996 Carlos Belo / José Ramos-Horta 1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines / Jody Williams 1998 John Hume / David Trimble 1999 Médecins Sans Frontières 2000 Kim Dae-jung


2001 United Nations / Kofi Annan 2002 Jimmy Carter 2003 Shirin Ebadi 2004 Wangari Maathai 2005 International Atomic Energy Agency / Mohamed ElBaradei 2006 Grameen Bank / Muhammad Yunus 2007 Al Gore / Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2008 Martti Ahtisaari 2009 Barack Obama 2010 Liu Xiaobo 2011 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf / Leymah Gbowee / Tawakkol Karman 2012 European Union 2013 Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons 2014 Kailash Satyarthi / Malala Yousafzai 2015 Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet 2016 Juan Manuel Santos 2017 International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

v t e

1998 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize


Walter Kohn
Walter Kohn
(United States) John A. Pople (United Kingdom)


José Saramago
José Saramago


John Hume
John Hume
(Ireland) David Trimble
David Trimble
(United Kingdom)


Robert B. Laughlin
Robert B. Laughlin
(United States) Horst Ludwig Störmer
Horst Ludwig Störmer
(Germany) Daniel Chee Tsui (United States)

Physiology or Medicine

Robert F. Furchgott
Robert F. Furchgott
(United States) Louis J. Ignarro (United States) Ferid Murad
Ferid Murad
(United States)

Economic Sciences

Amartya Sen
Amartya Sen

Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
recipients 1990 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 2000 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

v t e

Heads of government of Northern Ireland

Prime Ministers (1921–1972)

James Craig John Miller Andrews Basil Brooke Terence O'Neill James Chichester-Clark Brian Faulkner

Chief Executive (1974)

Brian Faulkner

First Ministers and deputy First Ministers (1998–present)

David Trimble
David Trimble
/ Seamus Mallon David Trimble
David Trimble
/ Mark Durkan John Reid (acting) Paul Murphy (acting) Peter Hain
Peter Hain
(acting) Ian Paisley
Ian Paisley
/ Martin McGuinness Peter Robinson / Martin McGuinness Arlene Foster
Arlene Foster
/ Martin McGuinness

v t e

Ulster Unionist Party


Saunderson Long Carson Craigavon Andrews Brookeborough O'Neill Chichester-Clark Faulkner West Molyneaux Trimble Empey Elliott Nesbitt Swann

Deputy Leaders

McCusker Taylor Empey & Beggs Kennedy McCallister Currently vacant


Rogan Cooper Campbell Empey


Hamilton Craig J. M. Andrews Dixon Brooke Graham Andrews J. G. Cunningham Clark Cunningham Smyth Rogan White Steele

General Secretary

Gibson Bates Hungerford Douglas Bailie Hutton Millar Wilson Boyd Patterson Rea Corry Wilson C. McCusker

Leadership elections

1969 1971 1974 1979 March 1995 September 1995 2000 2004 2005 2010 2012 2017

Organisational structure

Young Unionists

History and related organisations

Progenitor: Irish Unionist Alliance Allies: Labour Unionists/Liberal Unionist/Conservatives Offshoot: Vanguard (1973-78) Electoral alliance: UCUNF (2009)


List of Ulster Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party
MPs Ulster Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party
Presidents and General Secretaries List of Ulster Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party

Other topics

Chief Whip Election results Electoral history

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 72939112 LCCN: n88081332 ISNI: 0000 0000 7866 1088 GND: 122611276 SELIBR: 31940