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WILLIAM DAVID TRIMBLE, BARON TRIMBLE, PC (born 15 October 1944), is a British politician who was the first First Minister of Northern Ireland from 1998 to 2002, and the leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) from 1995 to 2005. He was also the Member of Parliament for Upper Bann from 1990 to 2005 and the Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Upper Bann from 1998 to 2007 . In 2006, he was made a life peer in the House of Lords
House of Lords
and a year later left the UUP to join the Conservative Party .

Trimble began his career as a Professor of Law at The Queen\'s University of Belfast in the 1970s, during which time he began to get involved with the paramilitary-linked Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party . He was elected to the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Constitutional Convention in 1975, and joined the UUP in 1978 after the VPUP disbanded. Remaining at Queen's University, he continued his academic career until being elected as the MP for Upper Bann in 1990. In 1995 he was unexpectedly elected as the leader of the UUP. He was instrumental in the negotiations that led to the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, and (along with John Hume
John Hume
) won the Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
that year for his efforts. He was later elected to become the first First Minister of Northern Ireland, although his tenure was turbulent and frequently interrupted by disagreements over the timetable for Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
decommissioning.

After being defeated at the 2005 general election , Trimble resigned the leadership of the UUP soon afterwards. In June 2006, he accepted a life peerage in the House of Lords
House of Lords
, taking the title of Baron Trimble, of Lisnagarvey
Lisnagarvey
in the County of Antrim . He did not stand again for the Assembly, which finally reconvened in 2007, instead leaving the UUP to join the Conservative Party .

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life and education

* 2 Early career

* 2.1 Academic career * 2.2 Political career

* 3 Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party
* 4 First Minister of Northern Ireland
First Minister of Northern Ireland

* 5 Peerage

* 5.1 Turkel Commission of Inquiry

* 6 Personal life

* 7 Selected works

* 7.1 Books * 7.2 Articles

* 8 See also * 9 Notes and references * 10 External links

EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION

Trimble was the son of William and Ivy Trimble, lower-middle class Presbyterians who lived in Bangor, County Down
Bangor, County Down
. He attended Bangor Grammar School (1956–63). Trimble's paternal grandfather George was a native of County Longford
County Longford
.

He studied at Queen\'s University of Belfast (QUB) from 1964 to 1968, where he was awarded the McKane Medal for Jurisprudence. He received a first class honours degree (the first at Queen's in three years), becoming a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B).

EARLY CAREER

ACADEMIC CAREER

Trimble qualified as a barrister in 1969. He began that year as a Queen's University of Belfast
Queen's University of Belfast
lecturer, subsequently becoming Assistant Dean of the law faculty from 1973–75, a Senior Lecturer
Lecturer
in 1977, and Head of the Department of Commercial and Property Law from 1981 to 1989. He resigned from the university in 1990 when he was elected to Parliament.

In 1983, as he sat in his office at the university, he heard gunshots which turned out to be those of IRA killers of Edgar Graham
Edgar Graham
, a friend and fellow law professor. He was asked to identify the body. In 1994 he was told by the Royal Ulster Constabulary
Royal Ulster Constabulary
that he had been targeted for assassination.

POLITICAL CAREER

Trimble became involved with the right-wing, paramilitary-linked Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party
Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party
(known as Vanguard) in the early 1970s. He ran unsuccessfully for the party in the 1973 Assembly election for North Down , coming last. In 1974, he was a legal adviser to the Ulster Workers\' Council during the successful UWC strike against the Sunningdale Agreement
Sunningdale Agreement
.

He was elected to the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Constitutional Convention in 1975 as a Vanguard member for Belfast South , and for a time he served as the party's joint deputy leader, along with the Ulster Defence Association 's Glenn Barr
Glenn Barr
. The party had been established by Bill Craig to oppose sharing power with Irish Nationalists, and to prevent closer ties with the Republic of Ireland; however Trimble was one of those to back Craig when the party split over Craig's proposal to allow voluntary power sharing with the SDLP.

He joined the mainstream Ulster Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party
(UUP) in 1978 after Vanguard disbanded, and was elected one of the four party secretaries. He served as Vice Chairman of the Lagan Valley
Lagan Valley
Unionist Association from 1983–85, and was named chairman in 1985. In, He served as chairman of the UUP Legal Committee from 1989–1995 and as honorary secretary of the Ulster Unionist Council in 1990–96.

He was elected to Parliament with 58% of the vote in a by-election in Upper Bann in 1990 . He was one of the few British politicians who urged support for the Islamic government of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the civil war in the 1990s.

LEADER OF THE ULSTER UNIONIST PARTY

On 8 September 1995, Trimble unexpectedly won election as Leader of the UUP , defeating the front-runner John Taylor and three other candidates. A mural in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
supporting the Portadown
Portadown
Orangemen

Trimble's election as Leader came in the aftermath of his role in the Drumcree conflict
Drumcree conflict
, in which he led a controversial 1995 Orange Order Protestant march, amidst Nationalist protest, down the predominantly Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Nationalist Garvaghy Road in Portadown
Portadown
, County Armagh . Trimble and Democratic Unionist Party
Democratic Unionist Party
Leader Ian Paisley
Ian Paisley
walked hand-in-hand as the march, banned since 1997, proceeded down the road. Many Irish Catholics viewed it as insensitive, while many Protestants felt that it was a sign that Trimble was defending them.

Shortly after the election, Trimble became the first UUP Leader in 30 years to meet with the Taoiseach
Taoiseach
in Dublin
Dublin
. In 1997, he became the first unionist leader since the partitioning of Ireland in 1922 to agree to negotiate with Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
.

Later, in the All Party negotiations, he led the UUP delegation and sat at the table with Sinn Féin, though in the eight months of the negotiations he never spoke directly to their leader, Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
. The talks were successful, culminating in the Belfast Agreement
Belfast Agreement
of 10 April 1998, which resulted in power-sharing with Nationalists. On 22 May 1998, voters in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
approved the agreement, with 71 per cent in favour.

Trimble was appointed to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom
Privy Council of the United Kingdom
in the 1998 New Year Honours .

FIRST MINISTER OF NORTHERN IRELAND

Trimble at first opposed the appointment of former U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell
George J. Mitchell
as the chairman of multi-party talks, but eventually accepted him. The talks resulted in the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement (GFA) of April 1998. Trimble was subsequently seen as instrumental in getting his party to accept the accord.

Trimble was elected on 25 June 1998 as a Member of the Northern Ireland Assembly for Upper Bann. He was elected First Minister of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
on 1 July 1998. Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize

In October 1998, Trimble and John Hume
John Hume
were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland. The Nobel Institute
Nobel Institute
noted:

As the leader of the traditionally predominant party in Northern Ireland, David Trimble
David Trimble
showed great political courage when, at a critical stage of the process, he advocated solutions which led to the peace agreement.

Arguments over the extent of Provisional Irish Republican Army decommissioning led to repeated disruptions during Trimble's tenure as First Minister. In particular:

* The office of First Minister was suspended from 11 February 2000 to 30 May 2000. * Trimble resigned as First Minister on 1 July 2001 due to the continuing impasse arising from the IRA's refusal of his demands that it decommission its arms, as per the commitments all parties had signed up to in section 7 pt. 3 (page 25) of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement but he was re-elected on 5 November 2001. * The Assembly was suspended from 14 October 2002 until 2007 due to accusations of an IRA spy ring being operated there (the so-called Stormontgate Affair).

In 1998, Tony Blair
Tony Blair
announced a new judicial inquiry, the Bloody Sunday Inquiry , into the killing of 14 unarmed civil rights marchers in Derry in 1972. A previous investigation, the Widgery Tribunal , into the same event had been discredited. During the debate in the House of Commons, Trimble was one of few dissenting voices. He said "I am sorry to have to say to the Prime Minister that I think that the hope expressed by the hon. Member for Foyle (Mr. Hume) that this will be part of the healing process is likely to be misplaced. Opening old wounds like this is likely to do more harm than good. The basic facts of the situation are known and not open to dispute." Reporting in 2010, The Saville Inquiry confirmed that all of the 14 killings and 13 woundings were unjustified.

PEERAGE

At the general elections of 2005 , Trimble was defeated by the Democratic Unionist Party
Democratic Unionist Party
's David Simpson in his bid for re-election to Parliament in Westminster. The Ulster Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party
retained only one seat in Parliament (out of 18 in Northern Ireland) after the 2005 general election, and Trimble resigned the party leadership on 7 May 2005. The House of Lords
House of Lords
meets in the Palace of Westminster
Palace of Westminster

On 11 April 2006, it was announced that Trimble would take a seat in the House of Lords
House of Lords
as a working life peer , as an appointed member of the Peerage whose title may not be inherited. On 21 May 2006 it was announced that he had chosen the geographical designation Lisnagarvey, the original name for his adopted home town of Lisburn
Lisburn
. Subsequently, on 2 June 2006, he was created BARON TRIMBLE, of Lisnagarvey
Lisnagarvey
in the County of Antrim .

On 18 December 2006, he announced that he would be standing down from the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly at the next election.

Trimble was named an Honorary Patron of the University Philosophical Society , Trinity College, Dublin
Dublin
.

On 17 April 2007, Trimble announced he had decided to join the Conservative Party in order to have greater influence in politics in the United Kingdom. At the same time, however, he stated that he did not intend to campaign against the Ulster Unionist Party, and proposed the idea of a future alliance between the Conservatives and the Ulster Unionists, similar to that which had existed prior to 1974 and the fallout of the Sunningdale Agreement
Sunningdale Agreement
. This idea became reality with the formation of Ulster Conservatives and Unionists – New Force in late 2008. It was reported that if the Conservatives won the 2010 general election , Trimble would receive a "significant" ministerial role, possibly in the Cabinet . In the event, however, Trimble was not offered any governmental or front bench position following the formation of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government .

In May 2010, Trimble joined the " Friends of Israel Initiative
Friends of Israel Initiative
," a non-Jewish international project supporting Israel's right to exist. The initiative, started by former prime minister of Spain Jose Maria Aznar , also included former United States Ambassador to the United Nations John R. Bolton , British historian Andrew Roberts , and former Peruvian president Alejandro Toledo
Alejandro Toledo
. On 29 January 2013, Trimble and Aznar co-wrote an article in The Times condemning Hezbollah
Hezbollah
and calling on European governments to list it as a terrorist organisation.

In 2016 Trimble supported the Leave side in the UK referendum on EU membership. He said that if he had ever had any doubts about the issue, 'his eight years on the EU Select Committees in the House of Lords – which scrutinise the EU’s operations – had convinced him of the need to cut ties with Brussels'. He cited a study which found that economic growth in the UK reduced after the decision to enter the Common Market, and reduced further when the UK went into the Single Market.

TURKEL COMMISSION OF INQUIRY

Routes of Gaza-bound flotilla (green) and Israeli Navy
Israeli Navy
(orange) For more details on this topic, see Legal assessments of the Gaza flotilla raid .

On 14 June 2010, Trimble was appointed as an observer to the Israeli special independent public Turkel Commission of Inquiry into the Gaza flotilla raid .

The Commission investigated whether Israel's actions in preventing the arrival of ships in Gaza were in accordance with international law . It focused among other things on the security considerations for imposing a naval blockade on the Gaza Strip and the conformity of the naval blockade with the rules of international law; the conformity of the actions during the raid to principles of international law; and the actions taken by those who organised and participated in the flotilla, and their identities.

On the Commission were former Israeli Supreme Court
Israeli Supreme Court
Justice, Jacob Turkel , and former Technion University President, Amos Horev , as well two other members added in July 2010. (Bar Ilan University Professor of International Law Shabtai Rosenne also served on the Commission from its establishment until his death on 21 September 2010. ) In addition, the Commission had two foreign observers, Trimble and former head of the Canadian military's judiciary, Judge Advocate General , Ken Watkin
Ken Watkin
, who took part in hearings and discussions, but did not vote on the final conclusions. The panel, in January 2011, concluded both Israel’s naval blockade of Gaza and the interception of the flotilla “were found to be legally pursuant to the rules of international law”.

PERSONAL LIFE

Trimble's first marriage, to Heather McComb in August 1968, ended in divorce in 1976. There were no children from his first marriage. Trimble married a former student, Daphne Elizabeth (née Orr), in August 1978. They have two sons and two daughters (Richard, Victoria, Nicholas, and Sarah). Lady Trimble served as a member of the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
, and later the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Human Rights Commission , before standing unsuccessfully in the UK Parliamentary election of May 2010 for the UCUNF .

His son Nicholas is active within the Ulster Unionist Party. In 2016 Nicholas Trimble was co-opted to replace Alexander Redpath as a Councillor representing Downshire West on Lisburn
Lisburn
and Castlereagh City Council.

SELECTED WORKS

BOOKS

* To Raise Up a New Northern Ireland: Articles and Speeches 1998–2000, David Trimble, The Belfast Press, 2001

ARTICLES

* "The Belfast Agreement", David Trimble, 22 Fordham International Law Journal 1145, 1998–99

SEE ALSO

* List of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Members of the House of Lords * List of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
members of the Privy Council

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ "Elvis Presley". Great Lives . 14 August 2007. BBC
BBC
Radio 4. Retrieved 2014-01-18. * ^ "The Stormont debacle: Opinions divided on d\'Hondt drama; From Portrush to Portaferry and Larne to Strabane the people of Ulster were split over the shambles at Stormont. Stephen Dunwoody assesses the mood on the streets". The News Letter (Belfast, Northern Ireland). 16 July 1999. Retrieved 28 June 2010. * ^ A B C " David Trimble
David Trimble
(British politician)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 October 1944. Retrieved 29 June 2010. * ^ "No. 58004". The London Gazette
The London Gazette
. 7 June 2006. p. 7793. * ^ A B "Statement by Baron Trimble, Tuesday, 17 April 2007" (Press release). David Trimble
David Trimble
official website. 17 April 2007. Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2007. Consequently I have decided to join the Conservatives. * ^ A B C The Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
and the ... Google Books. Retrieved 29 June 2010. * ^ A B Newsmakers. Google Books. Retrieved 28 June 2010. * ^ A B C D "The Rt. Hon. David Trimble, Book Military Speaker The Rt. Hon. David Trimble". Tmcentertainment.co.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2010. * ^ Dod\'s parliamentary companion. Google Books. 16 October 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2010. * ^ A B C "Obiter Dicta" (PDF). Spring 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2010. * ^ A B C D E F " David Trimble
David Trimble
– Biography". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 29 June 2010. * ^ A B C D E The Day – Google News Archive Search * ^ A B C D Daytona Beach Sunday News-Journal – Google News Archive Search * ^ North Down 1973–1982, Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Elections * ^ The Routledge dictionary of modern ... Google Books. Retrieved 30 June 2010. * ^ A B C The Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
and the ... Google Books. Retrieved 29 June 2010. * ^ The Tuscaloosa News – Google News Archive Search * ^ "No. 52150". The London Gazette
The London Gazette
. 25 May 1990. p. 9691. * ^ "Ulster Protestant Party Names a Hard-Liner". The New York Times. Northern Ireland. 9 September 1995. Retrieved 29 June 2010. * ^ See video of march in the 1995 section here . * ^ The Tuscaloosa News – Google News Archive Search * ^ "No. 54993". The London Gazette
The London Gazette
(Supplement). 30 December 1997. p. 1. * ^ "New Year Honours Life Peers to Order of the Companion of Honour". BBC
BBC
News. 31 December 1997. Retrieved 28 June 2010. * ^ The Deseret News * ^ "Key players". The Daily Telegraph. London. 25 October 2001. Retrieved 30 June 2010. * ^ A B " David Trimble
David Trimble
– Biography". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 30 June 2010. * ^ A B boes.org crew. " Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
1998, John Hume
John Hume
and David Trimble". Boes.org. Retrieved 30 June 2010. * ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-03. * ^ "The long and arduous road to paramilitary decommissioning". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 29 June 2010. * ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster (29 January 1998). " Hansard
Hansard
Record of Commons Debate launching the Saville Inquiry". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 16 June 2010. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ BBC
BBC
(11 April 2006). "New working life peers unveiled". BBC News. Retrieved 18 April 2007. * ^ "No. 58004". The London Gazette
The London Gazette
. 7 June 2006. p. 7793. * ^ BBC
BBC
(18 December 2006). "Trimble set to quit assembly seat". BBC