WILLIAM DAVID TRIMBLE, BARON TRIMBLE, PC (born 15 October 1944), is a British politician who was the first First Minister of Northern Ireland from 1998 to 2002, and the leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) from 1995 to 2005. He was also the Member of Parliament for Upper Bann from 1990 to 2005 and the Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Upper Bann from 1998 to 2007 . In 2006, he was made a life peer in the House of Lords and a year later left the UUP to join the Conservative Party .
Trimble began his career as a Professor of Law at The Queen\'s
University of Belfast in the 1970s, during which time he began to get
involved with the paramilitary-linked Vanguard Progressive Unionist
Party . He was elected to the
After being defeated at the 2005 general election , Trimble resigned the leadership of the UUP soon afterwards. In June 2006, he accepted a life peerage in the House of Lords , taking the title of _Baron Trimble, of Lisnagarvey in the County of Antrim _. He did not stand again for the Assembly, which finally reconvened in 2007, instead leaving the UUP to join the Conservative Party .
* 1 Early life and education
* 2 Early career
* 2.1 Academic career * 2.2 Political career
* 5 Peerage
* 5.1 Turkel Commission of Inquiry
* 6 Personal life
* 7 Selected works
* 7.1 Books * 7.2 Articles
* 8 See also * 9 Notes and references * 10 External links
EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION
Trimble was the son of William and Ivy Trimble, lower-middle class Presbyterians who lived in Bangor, County Down . He attended Bangor Grammar School (1956–63). Trimble's paternal grandfather George was a native of County Longford .
He studied at Queen\'s University of Belfast (QUB) from 1964 to 1968, where he was awarded the McKane Medal for Jurisprudence. He received a first class honours degree (the first at Queen's in three years), becoming a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B).
Trimble qualified as a barrister in 1969. He began that year as a Queen's University of Belfast lecturer, subsequently becoming Assistant Dean of the law faculty from 1973–75, a Senior Lecturer in 1977, and Head of the Department of Commercial and Property Law from 1981 to 1989. He resigned from the university in 1990 when he was elected to Parliament.
In 1983, as he sat in his office at the university, he heard gunshots which turned out to be those of IRA killers of Edgar Graham , a friend and fellow law professor. He was asked to identify the body. In 1994 he was told by the Royal Ulster Constabulary that he had been targeted for assassination.
Trimble became involved with the right-wing, paramilitary-linked Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party (known as Vanguard) in the early 1970s. He ran unsuccessfully for the party in the 1973 Assembly election for North Down , coming last. In 1974, he was a legal adviser to the Ulster Workers\' Council during the successful UWC strike against the Sunningdale Agreement .
He was elected to the
He joined the mainstream Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in 1978 after Vanguard disbanded, and was elected one of the four party secretaries. He served as Vice Chairman of the Lagan Valley Unionist Association from 1983–85, and was named chairman in 1985. In, He served as chairman of the UUP Legal Committee from 1989–1995 and as honorary secretary of the Ulster Unionist Council in 1990–96.
He was elected to Parliament with 58% of the vote in a by-election in Upper Bann in 1990 . He was one of the few British politicians who urged support for the Islamic government of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the civil war in the 1990s.
LEADER OF THE ULSTER UNIONIST PARTY
On 8 September 1995, Trimble unexpectedly won election as Leader of
the UUP , defeating the front-runner John Taylor and three other
candidates. A mural in
Trimble's election as Leader came in the aftermath of his role in the
Shortly after the election, Trimble became the first UUP Leader in 30
years to meet with the
Later, in the All Party negotiations, he led the UUP delegation and
sat at the table with Sinn Féin, though in the eight months of the
negotiations he never spoke directly to their leader,
Gerry Adams .
The talks were successful, culminating in the
Belfast Agreement of 10
April 1998, which resulted in power-sharing with Nationalists. On 22
May 1998, voters in
FIRST MINISTER OF NORTHERN IRELAND
Trimble at first opposed the appointment of former U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell as the chairman of multi-party talks, but eventually accepted him. The talks resulted in the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement (GFA) of April 1998. Trimble was subsequently seen as instrumental in getting his party to accept the accord.
Trimble was elected on 25 June 1998 as a Member of the Northern
Ireland Assembly for Upper Bann. He was elected First Minister of
As the leader of the traditionally predominant party in Northern
Arguments over the extent of Provisional Irish Republican Army decommissioning led to repeated disruptions during Trimble's tenure as First Minister. In particular:
* The office of First Minister was suspended from 11 February 2000 to 30 May 2000. * Trimble resigned as First Minister on 1 July 2001 due to the continuing impasse arising from the IRA's refusal of his demands that it decommission its arms, as per the commitments all parties had signed up to in section 7 pt. 3 (page 25) of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement but he was re-elected on 5 November 2001. * The Assembly was suspended from 14 October 2002 until 2007 due to accusations of an IRA spy ring being operated there (the so-called Stormontgate Affair).
In 1998, Tony Blair announced a new judicial inquiry, the Bloody Sunday Inquiry , into the killing of 14 unarmed civil rights marchers in Derry in 1972. A previous investigation, the Widgery Tribunal , into the same event had been discredited. During the debate in the House of Commons, Trimble was one of few dissenting voices. He said "I am sorry to have to say to the Prime Minister that I think that the hope expressed by the hon. Member for Foyle (Mr. Hume) that this will be part of the healing process is likely to be misplaced. Opening old wounds like this is likely to do more harm than good. The basic facts of the situation are known and not open to dispute." Reporting in 2010, The Saville Inquiry confirmed that all of the 14 killings and 13 woundings were unjustified.
At the general elections of 2005 , Trimble was defeated by the Democratic Unionist Party 's David Simpson in his bid for re-election to Parliament in Westminster. The Ulster Unionist Party retained only one seat in Parliament (out of 18 in Northern Ireland) after the 2005 general election, and Trimble resigned the party leadership on 7 May 2005. The House of Lords meets in the Palace of Westminster
On 11 April 2006, it was announced that Trimble would take a seat in
House of Lords as a working life peer , as an appointed member of
Peerage whose title may not be inherited. On 21 May 2006 it was
announced that he had chosen the geographical designation Lisnagarvey,
the original name for his adopted home town of
On 18 December 2006, he announced that he would be standing down from
Trimble was named an Honorary Patron of the University Philosophical
Society , Trinity College,
On 17 April 2007, Trimble announced he had decided to join the Conservative Party in order to have greater influence in politics in the United Kingdom. At the same time, however, he stated that he did not intend to campaign against the Ulster Unionist Party, and proposed the idea of a future alliance between the Conservatives and the Ulster Unionists, similar to that which had existed prior to 1974 and the fallout of the Sunningdale Agreement . This idea became reality with the formation of Ulster Conservatives and Unionists – New Force in late 2008. It was reported that if the Conservatives won the 2010 general election , Trimble would receive a "significant" ministerial role, possibly in the Cabinet . In the event, however, Trimble was not offered any governmental or front bench position following the formation of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government .
In May 2010, Trimble joined the " Friends of Israel Initiative ," a non-Jewish international project supporting Israel's right to exist. The initiative, started by former prime minister of Spain Jose Maria Aznar , also included former United States Ambassador to the United Nations John R. Bolton , British historian Andrew Roberts , and former Peruvian president Alejandro Toledo . On 29 January 2013, Trimble and Aznar co-wrote an article in _The Times_ condemning Hezbollah and calling on European governments to list it as a terrorist organisation.
In 2016 Trimble supported the Leave side in the UK referendum on EU membership. He said that if he had ever had any doubts about the issue, 'his eight years on the EU Select Committees in the House of Lords – which scrutinise the EU’s operations – had convinced him of the need to cut ties with Brussels'. He cited a study which found that economic growth in the UK reduced after the decision to enter the Common Market, and reduced further when the UK went into the Single Market.
TURKEL COMMISSION OF INQUIRY
Routes of Gaza-bound flotilla (green) and Israeli Navy (orange) For more details on this topic, see Legal assessments of the Gaza flotilla raid .
On 14 June 2010, Trimble was appointed as an observer to the Israeli special independent public Turkel Commission of Inquiry into the Gaza flotilla raid .
The Commission investigated whether Israel's actions in preventing the arrival of ships in Gaza were in accordance with international law . It focused among other things on the security considerations for imposing a naval blockade on the Gaza Strip and the conformity of the naval blockade with the rules of international law; the conformity of the actions during the raid to principles of international law; and the actions taken by those who organised and participated in the flotilla, and their identities.
On the Commission were former Israeli Supreme Court Justice, Jacob Turkel , and former Technion University President, Amos Horev , as well two other members added in July 2010. (Bar Ilan University Professor of International Law Shabtai Rosenne also served on the Commission from its establishment until his death on 21 September 2010. ) In addition, the Commission had two foreign observers, Trimble and former head of the Canadian military's judiciary, Judge Advocate General , Ken Watkin , who took part in hearings and discussions, but did not vote on the final conclusions. The panel, in January 2011, concluded both Israel’s naval blockade of Gaza and the interception of the flotilla “were found to be legally pursuant to the rules of international law”.
Trimble's first marriage, to Heather McComb in August 1968, ended in
divorce in 1976. There were no children from his first marriage.
Trimble married a former student, Daphne Elizabeth (née Orr), in
August 1978. They have two sons and two daughters (Richard, Victoria,
Nicholas, and Sarah). Lady Trimble served as a member of the Equality
His son Nicholas is active within the Ulster Unionist Party. In 2016
Nicholas Trimble was co-opted to replace Alexander Redpath as a
Councillor representing Downshire West on
* _To Raise Up a New Northern Ireland: Articles and Speeches 1998–2000_, David Trimble, The Belfast Press, 2001
* "The Belfast Agreement", David Trimble, 22 _Fordham International Law Journal _ 1145, 1998–99
NOTES AND REFERENCES
* ^ "Elvis Presley". _
Great Lives _. 14 August 2007.
* David Trimble\'s official