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Sir David Lean, CBE (25 March 1908 – 16 April 1991) was an English film director, producer, screenwriter and editor, responsible for large-scale epics[1] such as The Bridge on the River Kwai
The Bridge on the River Kwai
(1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962) and Doctor Zhivago (1965). He also directed adaptations of Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
novels Great Expectations (1946) and Oliver Twist (1948), as well as the romantic drama Brief Encounter (1945). Originally starting out as a film editor in the early 1930s, Lean made his directorial debut with 1942's In Which We Serve, which was the first of four collaborations with Noël Coward. Beginning with Summertime in 1955, Lean began to make internationally co-produced films financed by the big Hollywood studios; in 1970, however, the critical failure of his film Ryan's Daughter
Ryan's Daughter
led him to take a fourteen-year break from filmmaking, during which he planned a number of film projects which never came to fruition. In 1984 he had a career revival with A Passage to India, adapted from E. M. Forster's novel; it was an instant hit with critics but proved to be the last film Lean would direct. Lean's affinity for striking visuals and inventive editing techniques has led him to be lauded by directors such as Steven Spielberg,[2] Stanley Kubrick,[3] and Ridley Scott.[4] Lean was voted 9th greatest film director of all time in the British Film Institute
British Film Institute
Sight & Sound "Directors' Top Directors" poll in 2002.[5] Nominated seven times for the Academy Award for Best Director, which he won twice for The Bridge on the River Kwai
The Bridge on the River Kwai
and Lawrence of Arabia, he has seven films in the British Film Institute's Top 100 British Films (with three of them being in the top five)[6][7] and was awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1990.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career

2.1 Period as film editor 2.2 British films 2.3 International films

2.3.1 For Columbia and Sam Spiegel 2.3.2 For MGM

2.4 Last years and unfulfilled projects

3 Personal life and honours 4 Style and influence 5 Filmography 6 Award and nominations

6.1 Academy Awards 6.2 Golden Globe Awards 6.3 BAFTA
BAFTA
Awards 6.4 Other awards and nominations

7 Notes 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Early life and education[edit] Lean was born at 38 Blenheim Crescent, South Croydon, Surrey
Surrey
(now part of Greater London), to Francis William le Blount Lean and the former Helena Tangye (niece of Sir Richard Trevithick Tangye). His parents were Quakers and he was a pupil at the Quaker-founded Leighton Park School in Reading. His younger brother, Edward Tangye Lean (1911–1974), founded the original Inklings
Inklings
literary club when a student at Oxford University. Lean was a half-hearted schoolboy with a dreamy nature who was labeled a "dud"[8] of a student; he left school in the Christmas Term of 1926, at the age of 18[9] and entered his father's chartered accountancy firm as an apprentice. A more formative event for his career than his formal education was an uncle's gift, when Lean was aged ten, of a Brownie box camera. "You usually didn't give a boy a camera until he was 16 or 17 in those days. It was a huge compliment and I succeeded at it.' Lean printed and developed his films, and it was his 'great hobby'.[10] In 1923,[11] his father deserted the family when he ran off with another woman, and Lean would later follow a similar path after his own first marriage and child.[8] Career[edit] Period as film editor[edit] Bored by his work, Lean spent every evening in the cinema, and in 1927, after an aunt had advised him to find a job he enjoyed, he visited Gaumont Studios where his obvious enthusiasm earned him a month's trial without pay. He was taken on as a teaboy, promoted to clapperboy, and soon rose to the position of third assistant director. By 1930 he was working as an editor on newsreels, including those of Gaumont Pictures and Movietone, while his move to feature films began with Freedom of the Seas (1934) and Escape Me Never (1935). He edited Gabriel Pascal's film productions of two George Bernard Shaw plays, Pygmalion (1938) and Major Barbara (1941). He edited Powell & Pressburger's 49th Parallel (1941) and One of Our Aircraft Is Missing (1942). After this last film, Lean began his directing career, after editing more than two dozen features by 1942. As Tony Sloman wrote in 1999, "As the varied likes of David Lean, Robert Wise, Terence Fisher
Terence Fisher
and Dorothy Arzner
Dorothy Arzner
have proved, the cutting rooms are easily the finest grounding for film direction."[12] David Lean
David Lean
was given honorary membership of the Guild of British Film Editors in 1968. British films[edit] His first work as a director was in collaboration with Noël Coward
Noël Coward
on In Which We Serve
In Which We Serve
(1942), and he later adapted several of Coward's plays into successful films. These films are This Happy Breed (1944), Blithe Spirit (1945) and Brief Encounter
Brief Encounter
(1945) with Celia Johnson
Celia Johnson
and Trevor Howard
Trevor Howard
as quietly understated clandestine lovers, torn between their unpredictable passion and their respective orderly middle-class marriages in suburban England. The film shared Grand Prix honors at the 1946 Cannes film festival and garnered Lean his first Academy nominations for directing and screen adaptation, and Celia Johnson
Celia Johnson
a nomination for Best Actress. It has since become a classic, one of the most highly regarded British films. Two celebrated Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
adaptations followed – Great Expectations (1946) and Oliver Twist (1948). David Shipman wrote in The Story of Cinema: Volume Two (1984): "Of the other Dickens films, only Cukor's David Copperfield approaches the excellence of this pair, partly because his casting, too, was near perfect".[13] These two films were the first directed by Lean to star Alec Guinness, whom Lean considered his "good luck charm". The actor's portrayal of Fagin was controversial at the time. The first screening in Berlin during February 1949 offended the surviving Jewish community and led to a riot. It caused problems too in New York, and after private screenings, was condemned by the Anti-Defamation League
Anti-Defamation League
and the American Board of Rabbis. "To our surprise it was accused of being anti-Semitic", Lean wrote. "We made Fagin an outsize and, we hoped, an amusing Jewish villain."[14] The terms of the production code meant that the film's release in the United States was delayed until July 1951 after cuts amounting to eight minutes.[15] The next film directed by Lean was The Passionate Friends
The Passionate Friends
(1949), an atypical Lean film, but one which marked his first occasion to work with Claude Rains, who played the husband of a woman (Todd) torn between him and an old flame (Howard). The Passionate Friends
The Passionate Friends
was the first of three films to feature the actress Ann Todd, who became his third wife. Madeleine (1950), set in Victorian-era Glasgow is about an 1857 cause célèbre with Todd's lead character accused of murdering a former lover. "Once more", writes film critic David Thomson "Lean settles on the pressing need for propriety, but not before the film has put its characters and the audience through a wringer of contradictory feelings."[16] The last of the films with Todd, The Sound Barrier (1952), has a screenplay by the playwright Terence Rattigan and was the first of his three films for Sir Alexander Korda's London
London
Films. Hobson's Choice (1954), with Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
in the lead, was based on the play by Harold Brighouse. International films[edit]

Lean in Northern Finland
Finland
in 1965 while shooting Doctor Zhivago.

Summertime (1955) marked a new departure for Lean. It was partly American financed, although again made for Korda's London
London
Films. The film features Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
in the lead role as a middle-aged American woman who has a romance while on holiday in Venice. It was shot entirely on location there. For Columbia and Sam Spiegel[edit] Lean's films now began to become infrequent but much larger in scale and more extensively released internationally. The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) was based on a novel by Pierre Boulle
Pierre Boulle
recounting the story of British and American prisoners of war trying to survive in a Japanese prison camp during the Second World War. The film stars William Holden
William Holden
and Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
and became the highest-grossing film of 1957 in the United States. It won seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Actor for Alec Guinness, who had battled with Lean to give more depth to his role as an obsessively correct British commander who is determined to build the best possible bridge for his Japanese captors in Burma. After extensive location work in the Middle East, North Africa, Spain, and elsewhere, Lean's Lawrence of Arabia was released in 1962. This was the first project of Lean's with a screenplay by playwright Robert Bolt, rewriting an original script by Michael Wilson (one of the two blacklisted writers of Bridge on the River Kwai). It recounts the life of T. E. Lawrence, the British officer who is depicted in the film as uniting the squabbling Bedouin peoples of the Arab peninsula to fight in World War I
World War I
and then push on for independence. After some hesitation, Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
once again appeared, in his fourth David Lean
David Lean
film, as the Arab leader, Prince Faisal, despite his misgivings from their conflicts on Bridge on the River Kwai. French composer Maurice Jarre, on his first Lean film, created a soaring film score with a famous theme and won his first Oscar for Best Original Score. The film turned actor Peter O'Toole, playing Lawrence, into an international star, was nominated for ten Oscars and won seven, including Best Picture and Lean's second win for Best Director. He remains the only British director to win more than one Oscar for directing. For MGM[edit] Lean had his greatest box-office success with Doctor Zhivago (1965), a romance set during the Russian Revolution. The film, based on the banned novel by Nobel Prize-winning Russian poet Boris Pasternak, tells the story of a brilliant and warm-hearted physician and poet (Omar Sharif) who, while seemingly happily married into the Russian aristocracy, and a father, falls in love with a beautiful abandoned young mother named Lara (Julie Christie) and struggles to be with her in the chaos of the Bolshevik revolution and subsequent Russian Civil War. Initially, reviews for Doctor Zhivago were lukewarm, but critics have since come to see it as one of Lean's best films, with film director Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
calling it "one of the great masterpieces of cinema".[17] As of 2015, it is the 8th highest-grossing film of all time, adjusted for inflation. Producer Carlo Ponti
Carlo Ponti
used Maurice Jarre's lush romantic score to create a pop tune called "Lara's Theme", which became an international hit song with lyrics under the title "Somewhere My Love", one of cinema's most successful theme songs. The British director of photography, Freddie Young, won an Academy Award for his color cinematography. Around the same time, Lean also directed some scenes of The Greatest Story Ever Told
The Greatest Story Ever Told
(1965) while George Stevens
George Stevens
was committed to location work in Nevada. Lean's Ryan's Daughter
Ryan's Daughter
(1970) was released after an extended period on location in Ireland. A doomed romance set against the backdrop of 1916 Ireland's struggles against the British, it is loosely based on Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary. Starring the aging Hollywood 'bad boy' Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
in an uncharacteristic role as a long-suffering Irish husband and British actress Sarah Miles
Sarah Miles
as his faithless young wife, the film received far fewer positive reviews than the director's previous work, being particularly savaged by the New York critics. Some critics felt the film's massive visual scale on gorgeous Irish beaches and extended running time did not suit its small-scale romantic narrative. Nonetheless, the film was a box office success, earning $31 million and making it the 8th highest-grossing film of that year. It won two Academy Awards
Academy Awards
the following year, another for cinematographer Freddie Young and for supporting actor John Mills
John Mills
in his role as a village halfwit. The poor critical reception of the film prompted Lean to meet with the National Society of Film Critics, gathered at the Algonquin Hotel
Algonquin Hotel
in New York, including The New Yorker's Pauline Kael, and ask them why they objected to the movie. "I sensed trouble from the moment I sat down," Lean says of the now famous luncheon. TIME critic Richard Shickel asked Lean pointblank how he, the director of Brief Encounter, could have made "a piece of bullshit" like Ryan's Daughter.[18] These critics so lacerated the film for two hours to David Lean's face that the devastated Lean did not make another film for fourteen years. "They just took the film to bits," said Lean in a later television interview. "It really had such an awful effect on me for several years... you begin to think that maybe they're right. Why on earth am I making films if I don't have to? It shakes one's confidence terribly.""[19] Last years and unfulfilled projects[edit] From 1977 until 1980, Lean and Robert Bolt worked on a film adaptation of Captain Bligh and Mr. Christian, a dramatized account by Richard Hough of the Mutiny on the Bounty. It was originally to be released as a two-part film, one named The Lawbreakers that dealt with the voyage out to Tahiti and the subsequent mutiny, and the second named The Long Arm that studied the journey of the mutineers after the mutiny as well as the admiralty's response in sending out the frigate HMS Pandora, in which some of the mutineers were imprisoned. Lean could not find financial backing for both films after Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
withdrew from the project; he decided to combine it into one and looked at a seven-part TV series before getting backing from Italian mogul Dino De Laurentiis. The project then suffered a further setback when Bolt suffered a serious stroke and was unable to continue writing; the director felt that Bolt's involvement would be crucial to the film's success. Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
ended up writing a considerable portion of the script. Lean was forced to abandon the project after overseeing casting and the construction of the $4 million Bounty replica; at the last possible moment, actor Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
brought in his friend Roger Donaldson to direct the film, as producer De Laurentiis did not want to lose the millions he had already put into the project over what he thought was as insignificant a person as the director dropping out.[20] The film was eventually released as The Bounty. Lean then embarked on a project he had pursued since 1960, a film adaptation of A Passage to India
A Passage to India
(1984), from E. M. Forster's 1924 novel of colonial conflicts in British-occupied India. Entirely shot on location in the sub-continent, this became his last completed film. He rejected a draft by Santha Rama Rau, responsible for the stage adaptation and Forster's preferred screenwriter, and wrote the script himself.[21] In addition, Lean also edited the film with the result that his three roles in the production (writer, editor, director) were given equal status in the credits.[22] Lean recruited long-time collaborators for the cast and crew, including Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(who won another Academy-Award for the score), Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
in his sixth and final role for Lean, as an eccentric Hindu Brahmin, and John Box, the production designer for Dr. Zhivago. Reversing the critical response to Ryan's Daughter, the film opened to universally enthusiastic reviews; the film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards
Academy Awards
and Lean himself nominated for three Academy Awards
Academy Awards
in directing, editing, and writing. His female star, in the complex role of a confused young British woman who falsely accuses an Indian man of rape, gained Australian actress Judy Davis
Judy Davis
her first Academy nomination. Peggy Ashcroft, as the sensitive Mrs. Moore, won the Oscar for best supporting actress, making her, at 77, the oldest actress to win that award. According to Roger Ebert, it is "one of the greatest screen adaptations I have ever seen".[23] But this was, sadly, to be his last. He was signed on to direct a Warner Bros.-backed adaptation of J. G. Ballard's autobiographical novel Empire of the Sun
Empire of the Sun
after director Harold Becker left the project. Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
was brought on board as a producer for Lean, but later assumed the role of director when Lean dropped out of the project; Spielberg was drawn to the idea of making the film due to his long-time admiration for Lean and his films. Empire of the Sun
Empire of the Sun
was released in 1987. During the last years of his life, Lean was in pre-production of a film version of Joseph Conrad's Nostromo. He assembled an all-star cast, including Marlon Brando, Paul Scofield, Anthony Quinn, Peter O'Toole, Christopher Lambert, Isabella Rossellini
Isabella Rossellini
and Dennis Quaid, with Georges Corraface
Georges Corraface
as the title character. Lean also wanted Alec Guinness to play Doctor Monyghan, but the aged actor turned him down in a letter from 1989: "I believe I would be disastrous casting. The only thing in the part I might have done well is the crippled crab-like walk." As with Empire of the Sun, Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
came on board as producer with the backing of Warner Bros., but after several rewrites and disagreements on the script, he left the project and was replaced by Serge Silberman, a respected producer at Greenwich Film Productions. The Nostromo
Nostromo
project involved several writers, including Christopher Hampton and Robert Bolt, but their work was abandoned. In the end, Lean decided to write the film himself with the assistance of Maggie Unsworth (wife of renowned cinematographer Geoffrey Unsworth), with whom he had worked on the scripts for Brief Encounter, Great Expectations, Oliver Twist, and The Passionate Friends. Originally Lean considered filming in Mexico
Mexico
but later decided to film in London and Madrid, partly to secure O'Toole, who had insisted he would take part only if the film was shot close to home. Nostromo
Nostromo
had a total budget of $46 million and was six weeks away from filming at the time of Lean's death from throat cancer. It was rumoured that fellow film director John Boorman
John Boorman
would take over direction, but the production collapsed. Nostromo
Nostromo
was finally adapted for the small screen with an unrelated BBC television
BBC television
mini-series in 1997. Personal life and honours[edit] Lean was a long-term resident of Limehouse, east London. His home on Narrow Street is still owned by his family. His co-writer and producer Norman Spencer has said that Lean was a "huge womaniser" and "to my knowledge, he had almost 1,000 women".[24] He was married six times, had one son, and at least two grandchildren—from all of whom he was completely estranged[25]—and was divorced five times. He was survived by his last wife, art dealer Sandra Cooke, the co-author (with Barry Chattington) of David Lean: An Intimate Portrait.[8] His six wives were:

Isabel Lean (28 June 1930 – 1936) (his first cousin); one son, Peter Kay Walsh
Kay Walsh
(23 November 1940 – 1949) Ann Todd
Ann Todd
(21 May 1949 – 1957) Leila Matkar (4 July 1960 – 1978) (From, Hyderabad, India). Lean's longest-lasting marriage.[26][27] Sandra Hotz (28 October 1981 – 1984) Sandra Cooke (15 December 1990 – 16 April 1991)

Lean was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
(CBE) in 1973, and was knighted for his contributions and services to the arts in 1984.[28] Lean received the AFI Life Achievement Award
AFI Life Achievement Award
in 1990. In 2012, Lean was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires.[29][30] In 1999, the British Film Institute
British Film Institute
compiled its list of the Top 100 British films; seven of Lean's films appeared on the list:

Brief Encounter
Brief Encounter
(#2) Lawrence of Arabia (#3) Great Expectations (#5) The Bridge on the River Kwai
The Bridge on the River Kwai
(#11) Doctor Zhivago (#27) Oliver Twist (#46) In Which We Serve
In Which We Serve
(#92)

In addition to this, the American Film Institute's 1998 100 Years...100 Movies list placed Lawrence of Arabia 5th, The Bridge on the River Kwai 13th and Doctor Zhivago 39th; in the 2007 revised edition, Lawrence of Arabia placed 7th and The Bridge on the River Kwai placed 36th. Style and influence[edit] As Lean himself pointed out,[31] his films are often admired by fellow directors as a showcase of the filmmaker's art. They are characterised by his highly creative and sometimes jarring combination of editing, cinematography and sound mixing, particularly a range of different scene transitions and broad natural landscape shots, to propel the film's narrative. As well as his proclivity for arresting visuals, Lean's films are largely character- and plot-driven, often featuring flawed protagonists who are largely blind to their shortcomings until it is too late, most notably in The Bridge on the River Kwai. Lean's films are also noted for their use of extended flashbacks and narrative framing devices, most notably in Brief Encounter, Lawrence of Arabia and Doctor Zhivago, as well as for stories of illicit romances, as in Brief Encounter, The Passionate Friends, Doctor Zhivago and Ryan's Daughter. Lean was also notorious for his perfectionist approach to filmmaking; director Claude Chabrol
Claude Chabrol
stated that he and Lean were the only directors working at the time who were prepared to wait "forever" for the perfect sunset, but whereas Chabrol measured "forever" in terms of days, Lean did so in terms of months.[32] Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
and Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
in particular are fans of Lean's epic films, and claim him as one of their primary influences. Spielberg and Scorsese also helped in the 1989 restoration of Lawrence of Arabia which had been substantially altered both by the studio in theatrical release and in particular in its televised versions; the theatrical re-release greatly revived Lean's reputation. Several of the many other later twentieth century directors who have acknowledged significant influence by Lean include Stanley Kubrick,[33] George Lucas,[34] Spike Lee,[35] and Sergio Leone.[36] John Woo
John Woo
once named Lawrence of Arabia among his top three films.[37] More recently, Joe Wright
Joe Wright
(Pride & Prejudice, Atonement) has cited Lean's works, particularly Doctor Zhivago, as an important influence on his work,[38] as has director Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(The Dark Knight Rises).[39] The critical verdict was not unanimous, however. For example, David Thomson, writing about Lean in his New Biographical Dictionary of Film, comments:

“ From 1952 to 1991, he made eight films—and in only one of them, I suggest —Lawrence—is the spectacle sufficient to mask the hollow rhetoric of the scripts. But Lean before 1952 made eight films in ten years that are lively, stirring, and an inspiration—they make you want to go out and make movies, they are so in love with the screen's power and the combustion in editing."[40] ”

The New York Times
The New York Times
film critic Bosley Crowther dismissed Lawrence of Arabia as "a huge, thundering camel-opera that tends to run down rather badly as it rolls on into its third hour and gets involved with sullen disillusion and political deceit",.[41] Writing about the same film in The Village Voice, Andrew Sarris remarked that Lawrence was "...simply another expensive mirage, dull, overlong, and coldly impersonal... on the whole I find it hatefully calculating and condescending..."[42] Filmography[edit] Main article: David Lean
David Lean
filmography Award and nominations[edit] Academy Awards[edit]

Year Category Film Result

1947 Best Director Brief Encounter Nominated

1947 Best Adapted Screenplay Brief Encounter (shared With Anthony Havelock-Allan & Ronald Neame) Nominated

1948 Best Director Great Expectations Nominated

1948 Best Adapted Screenplay Great Expectations (shared With Anthony Havelock-Allan & Ronald Neame) Nominated

1956 Best Director Summertime Nominated

1958 Best Director The Bridge on the River Kwai Won

1963 Best Director Lawrence of Arabia Won

1966 Best Director Doctor Zhivago Nominated

1985 Best Director A Passage to India Nominated

1985 Best Adapted Screenplay A Passage to India Nominated

1985 Best Film Editing A Passage to India Nominated

Golden Globe Awards[edit]

Year Category Film Result

1958 Best Director The Bridge on the River Kwai Won

1963 Best Director Lawrence of Arabia Won

1966 Best Director Doctor Zhivago Won

1985 Best Director A Passage to India Nominated

1985 Best Screenplay A Passage to India Nominated

BAFTA
BAFTA
Awards[edit]

Year Category Film Result

1949 Best British Film Oliver Twist Nominated

1953 Best Film from any Source The Sound Barrier Won

1953 Best British Film The Sound Barrier Won

1955 Best Film from any Source Hobson's Choice Nominated

1955 Best British Screenplay Hobson's Choice (shared with Norman Spencer and Wynyard Browne) Nominated

1956 Best Film from any Source Summertime (shared with Ilya Lopert) Nominated

1958 Best Film from any Source The Bridge on the River Kwai (shared with Sam Spiegel) Won

1958 Best British Film The Bridge on the River Kwai (shared with Sam Spiegel) Won

1963 Best Film from any Source Lawrence of Arabia (shared with Sam Spiegel) Won

1963 Best British Film Lawrence of Arabia (shared with Sam Spiegel) Won

1967 Best Film from any Source Doctor Zhivago (shared with Carlo Ponti) Nominated

1971 Best Direction Ryan's Daughter Nominated

1985 Best Film A Passage to India (shared with John Brabourne and Richard B. Goodwin) Nominated

1985 Best Adapted Screenplay A Passage to India Nominated

In 1974, Lean was awarded the BAFTA
BAFTA
Fellowship. Other awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Film Result

1944 Silver Condor Award for Best Foreign Film In Which We Serve (shared with Noël Coward) Won

1954 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear Hobson's Choice Won

1946 Cannes Film Festival Grand Prix Brief Encounter Won

1949 Cannes Film Festival Grand Prix The Passionate Friends Nominated

1966 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Doctor Zhivago Nominated

1967 David di Donatello for Best Foreign Director Doctor Zhivago Won

1958 Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing - Feature Film The Bridge on the River Kwai Won

1963 Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing - Feature Film Lawrence of Arabia Won

1971 Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing - Feature Film Ryan's Daughter Nominated

1985 Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing - Feature Film A Passage to India Nominated

1974 Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Film Ryan's Daughter Won

1946 Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation Blithe Spirit Won

1964 Nastro d'Argento for Best Foreign Director Lawrence of Arabia Won

1984 Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director A Passage to India Won

1964 Kinema Junpo Award
Kinema Junpo Award
for Best Foreign Language Film Lawrence of Arabia Won

1952 National Board of Review Award for Best Director The Sound Barrier Won

1957 National Board of Review Award for Best Director The Bridge on the River Kwai Won

1962 National Board of Review Award for Best Director Lawrence of Arabia Won

1984 National Board of Review Award for Best Director A Passage to India Won

1985 National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director A Passage to India 3rd place

1942 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director In Which We Serve 2nd place

1953 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director The Sound Barrier 3rd place

1955 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director Summertime Won

1957 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director The Bridge on the River Kwai Won

1965 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director Doctor Zhivago 2nd place

1984 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director A Passage to India Won

1948 Venice
Venice
Film Festival Grand International Award Oliver Twist Nominated

1984 Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay A Passage to India Nominated

Notes[edit]

^ Bergan, Ronald (2006). Film. London: Doring Kindersley. p. 321. ISBN 978-1-4053-1280-6.  ^ Indiana Jones' Influences: Inspirations. TheRaider.net. Retrieved on 2011-05-29. ^ The Kubrick Site FAQ. Visual-memory.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-05-29. ^ Ridley Scott's Brilliant First Film. newyorker.com (28 May 2012). Retrieved on 2017-09-07. ^ The directors’ top ten directors. Bfi.org.uk (5 September 2006). Retrieved on 2011-05-29. ^ The BFI 100: 1–10. Bfi.org.uk (6 September 2006). Retrieved on 2011-05-29. ^ The BFI 100: 11–20 Archived 3 June 2004 at the Wayback Machine. Bfi.org.uk (6 September 2006). Retrieved on 2011-05-29. ^ a b c Smith, Julia Llewelyn. "Sandra Cooke: 'I always liked asking about his other women'". London: The Independent. Retrieved 17 September 2011.  ^ Brownlow, Kevin (1996). David Lean: A Biography. New York: St Martin's Press. p. 39. ISBN 0312168101.  ^ the Guardian, April 17, 1991 ^ Phillips, Gene D. (2006). Beyond the Epic: The Life & Films of David Lean. Lexington, Kentucky, USA: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813124155.  ^ Sloman, Tony (1999). "Obituary: Harold Kress", The Independent, 26 October 1999. Online version retrieved 8 April 2009. ^ Shipman, David (1984). The Story of Cinema Volume Two: From Citizen Kane to the Present. Hodder & Stoughton. p. 775.  ^ Beyond the Epic: The Life and Films of David Lean, University Press of Kentucky, 2006, pp.135–36 ^ Phillips, p.139 ^ Thomson, David (10 May 2008). "Unhealed wounds". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 December 2015.  ^ [1]. "Paul Greengrass: David Lean
David Lean
LectureBAFTA". Retrieved 28 May 2017. ^ Wolcott, James (April 1997). "Waiting for Godard". Vanity Fair (Conde Nast) ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QvB-u7vVZus ^ [2] Archived 5 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ McGee, Scott. "A Passage to India". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 13 September 2016.  ^ Kerr, Walter (1985). "Films are made in the Cutting Room", New York Times, 17 March 1985. Online version retrieved 15 November 2007. ^ http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/a-passage-to-india-1984 ^ "How we made Hobson's Choice". Guardian. Retrieved 1 July 2014.  ^ Collins, Andrew (4 May 2008). "The epic legacy of David Lean". Newspaper feature. London: The Observer. Retrieved 17 September 2011.  ^ "The Hyderabad connection". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 21 May 2008.  ^ "Brief encounters: How David Lean's sex life shaped his films". London: The Independent. 29 June 2008.  ^ David Lean
David Lean
Foundation Archived 20 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. David Lean
David Lean
Foundation (18 July 2005). Retrieved on 2011-05-29. ^ "New faces on Sgt Pepper album cover for artist Peter Blake's 80th birthday". The Guardian. 5 October 2016.  ^ "Sir Peter Blake's new Beatles' Sgt Pepper's album cover". BBC. 8 November 2016.  ^ Brownlow, p. 483 ^ " David Lean
David Lean
- Great Director profile". Senses of Cinema. Retrieved 7 October 2017.  ^ http://www.bfi.org.uk/news-opinion/sight-sound-magazine/polls-surveys/stanley-kubrick-cinephile ^ https://www.theguardian.com/film/2008/may/04/features ^ http://www.vulture.com/2015/02/spike-lee-12-cultural-influences.html ^ http://exclaim.ca/film/article/good_bad_ugly-sergio_leone ^ Perce Nev, BBC. Retrieved 17 May 2007 ^ Times Online report Archived 16 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ http://www.thehollywoodnews.com/2012/07/31/christopher-nolan-reveals-five-films-that-influenced-the-dark-knight-rises/ ^ Thomson, David (2002). The New Biographical Dictionary of Film. London
London
& New York: Little, Brown & Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 503–4.  ^ https://www.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=950CEEDE1630EF3BBC4F52DFB4678389679EDE ^ https://greencardamom.github.io/BooksAndWriters/telawren.htm

References[edit]

Alain Silver
Alain Silver
and James Ursini, David Lean
David Lean
and his Films, Silman-James, 1992. Kevin Brownlow, David Lean, Faber & Faber, 1997. Silverman, Stephen M., David Lean, Harry N. Abrams, 1989. Santas, Constantine, The Epics Films of David Lean, Scarecrow Press, 2011 Turner, Adrian The Making of David Lean's Lawrence of Arabia (Dragon's World, Limpsfield UK, 1994) Turner, Adrian Robert Bolt: Scenes from two lives (Hutchinson, London 1998) Williams, Melanie, David Lean, (Manchester University Press, 2014) Morris, L. Robert and Lawrence Raskin, Lawrence of Arabia: the 30th Anniversary Pictorial History, Anchor Books, Doubleday, 1992

Further reading[edit]

"Sir David Lean
David Lean
- Obituary". Daily Telegraph. 17 April 1991. Retrieved 2014-06-22.  Unsigned obituary of Lean. Lane, Anthony (31 March 2008). "Master and Commander: Remembering David Lean". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2014-06-22.  Lane's appreciation of Lean on his centennial Silver, Alain (February 2004). "David Lean". Senses of Cinema (30). Retrieved 2014-06-22.  Silver's essay on Lean's career compiled as part of the Senses of Cinema Great Directors series. Thomson, David (9 May 2008). "Unhealed wounds". Retrieved 2014-06-22.  Thomson's appreciation of Lean on the occasion of his centennial. Constantine Santas, "The Epic Films of David Lean." Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland, 2012. IBSN 978-08108-2.

External links[edit]

David Lean
David Lean
on IMDb David Lean
David Lean
Archive on the BAFTA
BAFTA
website David Lean
David Lean
at the British Film Institute's Screenonline Biography at British Film Institute Mean Lean Filmmaking Machine, by Armond White, New York Press 3 September 2008 Honours from the Queen David Lean
David Lean
Foundation. Charity which makes grants to restore Lean's films, and to film studies students. Literature on David Lean

Preceded by Richard Attenborough, CBE NFTS Honorary Fellowship Succeeded by Nick Park, CBE

v t e

Films directed by David Lean

In Which We Serve
In Which We Serve
(1942) This Happy Breed (1944) Blithe Spirit (1945) Brief Encounter
Brief Encounter
(1945) Great Expectations (1946) Oliver Twist (1948) The Passionate Friends
The Passionate Friends
(1949) Madeleine (1950) The Sound Barrier
The Sound Barrier
(1952) Hobson's Choice (1954) Summertime (1955) The Bridge on the River Kwai
The Bridge on the River Kwai
(1957) Lawrence of Arabia (1962) Doctor Zhivago (1965) Ryan's Daughter
Ryan's Daughter
(1970) Lost and Found: The Story of Cook's Anchor (1979) A Passage to India
A Passage to India
(1984)

Awards for David Lean

v t e

Academy Award for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

AFI Life Achievement Award

John Ford
John Ford
(1973) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1974) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1975) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1976) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1977) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1978) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1979) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1980) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1981) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1982) John Huston
John Huston
(1983) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
(1984) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1985) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1986) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1987) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1988) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1989) David Lean
David Lean
(1990) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1991) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1992) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1993) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1994) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1997) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1998) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1999) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2000) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2001) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2002) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2004) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2005) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2006) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2007) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2008) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2009) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2010) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2011) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(2012) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2013) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2014) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(2015) John Williams
John Williams
(2016) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2017) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2018)

v t e

BAFTA Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

v t e

Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award for Best Director

Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1960) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) David Lean
David Lean
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller
Arthur Hiller
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 112356433 LCCN: n80109902 ISNI: 0000 0001 0936 4538 GND: 118779087 SELIBR: 302009 SUDOC: 029467926 BNF: cb12108950k (data) ULAN: 500336322 NLA: 35228877 NDL: 01135625 NKC: mzk2004240025 BNE: XX936

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