DAVID GEFFEN HALL is a concert hall in
New York City
The facility, designed by Max Abramovitz , was originally named PHILHARMONIC HALL and was renamed AVERY FISHER HALL in honor of philanthropist Avery Fisher , who donated $10.5 million ($57 million today) to the orchestra in 1973. In November 2014, Lincoln Center officials announced Fisher's name would be removed from the Hall so that naming rights could be sold to the highest bidder as part of a $500 million fund-raising campaign to refurbish the Hall. In 2015 the hall was renamed David Geffen Hall after Geffen donated $100 million to the Lincoln Center.
* 1 Renovations * 2 Acoustics * 3 Notable events * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
The hall underwent renovations in 1976 to address acoustical problems that had existed since it opened. Another smaller renovation attempted to address unresolved problems in 1992. Both projects achieved limited success.
In May 2004, the orchestra announced that the building would undergo renovations in 2009, but in June 2006, _The New York Times_ reported that the construction had been delayed until the summer of 2010. By 2012, it became clear that construction would not start before 2017. The shell of the building will be left intact and work will focus on improving the hall’s acoustics, modernizing patron amenities and reconfiguring the auditorium.
On November 13, 2014, Lincoln Center officials announced their intention to remove Avery Fisher's name from the Hall and sell its naming rights to the highest bidder as part of a $500 million fund-raising campaign for its refurbishment. Lincoln Center chairwoman Katherine Farley said, "It will be an opportunity for a major name on a great New York jewel." Fisher's three children agreed to the deal for $15 million. The interior of David Geffen Hall (2007)
Architects hired the acoustical consulting division of Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN) to design the original interior acoustics for the hall. Their acousticians recommended a 2,400 seat "shoebox" design with narrowly spaced parallel sides (similar in shape to the acoustically acclaimed Symphony Hall, Boston ). Lincoln Center officials initially agreed with the recommendation, and BBN provided a series of design specifications and recommendations. However, the _New York Herald Tribune _ began a campaign to increase the seating capacity of the new hall and late in the design stage it was expanded to accommodate the critics' desires, invalidating much of BBN's acoustical work. BBN engineers told Lincoln Center management the hall would sound different from their initial intent, but they could not predict what the changes would do.
The first of Lincoln Center's buildings to be completed, Philharmonic
Hall opened September 23, 1962, to mixed reviews. The concert,
Leonard Bernstein , the New York Philharmonic, and a host of
operatic stars such as
Eileen Farrell and
Robert Merrill , was
televised live on
Management made several attempts to remedy the induced acoustical
problems, with little success, leading to a substantial 1970s
renovation designed by acoustician Cyril Harris in conjunction with
The seating capacity is large (around 2,600 seats) and the sidewalls are too far apart to provide early reflections to the center seats. The ceiling is high to increase reverberation time but the clouds are too high to reinforce early reflections adequately. The bass is weak because the very large stage does not adequately reinforce the low string instruments.
In 1992, under the tenure of
The ongoing problems with the hall's acoustics eventually led the New
York Philharmonic to consider a merger with
Beginning in 2005 (and continuing in 2006), the Mostly Mozart Festival has experimented with extending the stage for the Mostly Mozart orchestra farther out into the seats from the main stage for the Festival's summer season.
David Geffen Hall is used today for many events, both musical and
non-musical. As part of its _Great Performers_ series, Lincoln Center
presents visiting orchestras in
David Geffen Hall, such as the London
Symphony Orchestra , the
Singapore Symphony Orchestra , the Rotterdam
Philharmonic Orchestra , and the
Kirov Orchestra of the Mariinsky
An early television concert from Philharmonic Hall featured Leonard
Bernstein and the
New York Philharmonic in one of their _Young
People\'s Concerts _. It was the first of the many such concerts
televised from Philharmonic Hall, which had been previously televised
A 1964 performance by
The Supremes performed at Philharmonic Hall on October 15, 1965.
Bette Midler held a New Years Eve concert at Philharmonic Hall in 1972.
Queen performed two shows during its Sheer Heart Attack Tour on February 16, 1975.
The hall hosted the world premiere of
The Hall is also a frequent location for graduation ceremonies for
high schools and universities, including
New York University
* ^ _A_ _B_ Matthews, Karen (13 November 2014). "NYC\'s Lincoln
Center to rename
Avery Fisher Hall". _