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David Hedley Ennals, Baron Ennals PC (19 August 1922 – 17 June 1995) was a British Labour Party politician and campaigner for human rights. He served as Secretary of State for Social Services from 1976 to 1979.

Contents

1 Early life and military career 2 Political career 3 Other work 4 Personal life 5 Styles of address 6 Footnotes 7 References 8 External links

Early life and military career[edit] Born in 1922 in Walsall, Staffordshire to Arthur Ford Ennals and his wife Jessie Edith Taylor, Ennals was educated at Queen Mary's Grammar School, Walsall and the Loomis Institute in Windsor, Connecticut on a one-year student exchange scholarship.[1] In 1939 he was a reporter on the Walsall Observer and during World War II he served in the Royal Armoured Corps from 1941 to 1945. Commissioned into Reconnaissance Corps in 1942[2] and posted to 3rd Reconnaissance Corps.[3] He served in North Africa, Italy and the Rhine Crossing[citation needed]. He failed to return from a night patrol during the Normandy campaign in June 1944[4] and spent several months as a prisoner of war.[5] He was invalided out with the rank of Lieutenant.[6] Political career[edit] Ennals stood unsuccessfully as a Liberal candidate for Richmond (Surrey) in the 1950 general election and again in 1951.[7] He later joined the Labour Party and served as secretary to the international department at the Labour Party's head office. In 1964 he was elected as the Member of Parliament for Dover. Following the 1966 election, Harold Wilson appointed Ennals as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Army. He moved to become Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department in 1967 under James Callaghan before being appointed as a Minister of State for Social Services in 1968. He lost his government post and his seat following Labour's defeat in the 1970 general election. However, in Wilson's Resignation Honours, he was sworn of the Privy Council.[8] Ennals returned to parliament representing Norwich North following the February 1974 general election and was appointed Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs. In 1976 he became Secretary of State for Social Services,[9] which he held until Labour lost power in 1979. During his tenure he appointed Sir Douglas Black to produce the Black Report (published in 1980) into health inequality. After losing his seat in the general election of 1983, he was created a life peer, as Baron Ennals, of Norwich in the County of Norfolk.[10][11] Other work[edit] Following his exit from parliament in 1970, Ennals became Campaign Director for the National Association for Mental Health (MIND), which he served as until 1973. He became chairman in 1984, and served as President from 1989 to 1995. After serving as secretary to the United Nations Association from 1952 to 1957, he became chairman in 1984, as well as Chairman of the Gandhi Foundation, which he held until 1995. Ennals also served as Chairman of the Anti-Apartheid Movement, from 1960 to 1964, a position that would also be held by his brother John from 1968 to 1976. However, he later came under criticism from the Movement for his involvement in passing the Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968.[12] In 1987 Lord Ennals went on a parliamentary fact-finding mission to Tibet and on his return to the UK he became a tireless campaigner for Tibetan independence and a personal friend of the 14th Dalai Lama. He joined the Tibet Society of the UK,[13] the first Tibet support group in the world, established in 1959, and became its chairman for a number of years. He campaigned energetically and enthusiastically with it and various other UK and international Tibet support groups until his death in 1995. Personal life[edit] Ennals married Eleanor Maud Caddick (born 1924/1925) on 10 June 1950, and they had four children before they divorced in 1977. Later that year he married Katherine Gene Tranoy (born 1926/1927). Ennals's younger brother, Martin Ennals, was a human rights activist and Secretary-General of Amnesty International. His son, Sir Paul Ennals, is chief executive of the National Children's Bureau. He died in 1995 of pancreatic cancer at his home in Belsize Park, London. Styles of address[edit]

1922–1964: Mr David Ennals 1964–1970: Mr David Ennals MP 1970: Mr David Ennals 1970–1974: The Rt Hon. David Ennals 1974–1983: The Rt Hon. David Ennals MP 1983: The Rt Hon. David Ennals 1983–1995: The Rt Hon. The Lord Ennals PC

Footnotes[edit]

^ Who was Who, OUP 2007 ^ "No. 35746". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 October 1942. p. 4483.  ^ War Diaries of 3rd Reconnaissance Corps (TNA ref. WO166/10487) ^ War Diaries of 3rd Reconnaissance Corps (TNA ref. WO 171/418) ^ Who's Who of 475 Liberal Candidates Fighting the 1950 General Election. Liberal Publications Dept. 1950. ^ "No. 38051". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 August 1947. p. 3938.  ^ UK General Election results: October 1951 ^ "No. 45165". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 August 1970. p. 8677.  ^ House of Commons Library: Members Since 1979[permanent dead link] ^ "No. 49477". The London Gazette. 14 September 1983. p. 12063.  ^ "No. 21393". The Edinburgh Gazette. 16 September 1983. p. 1437.  ^ Thörn, Håkan (2009). Anti-Apartheid and the Emergence of a Global Civil Society. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 82. ISBN 9780230234963.  ^ Tibet Society of the UK Archived 24 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.

References[edit]

Dalyell, Tam (19 June 1995). "Obituary: Lord Ennals". The Independent. Retrieved 13 September 2009.  "Lord Ennals; Ex-Cabinet Minister, 72". The New York Times. 19 June 1995. Retrieved 13 September 2009.  Glennerster, Howard (May 2008). "Ennals, David Hedley, Baron Ennals (1922–1995)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/59129. Retrieved 13 September 2009.  (subscription or UK public library membership required)

External links[edit]

Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by David Ennals

Parliament of the United Kingdom

Preceded by John Arbuthnot Member of Parliament for Dover 1964–1970 Succeeded by Peter Rees

Preceded by George Wallace Member of Parliament for Norwich North 1974–1983 Succeeded by Patrick Thompson

Political offices

Preceded by Barbara Castle Secretary of State for Social Services 1976–1979 Succeeded by Patrick Jenkin

v t e

Secretaries of State for Health

Ministers of Health

Christopher Addison Alfred Mond Arthur Griffith-Boscawen Neville Chamberlain William Joynson-Hicks John Wheatley Neville Chamberlain Arthur Greenwood Neville Chamberlain Edward Hilton Young Kingsley Wood Walter Elliot Malcolm MacDonald Ernest Brown Henry Willink Aneurin Bevan Hilary Marquand Harry Crookshank Iain Macleod Robin Turton Dennis Vosper Derek Walker-Smith Enoch Powell Anthony Barber Kenneth Robinson

Secretaries of State for Social Services

Richard Crossman Sir Keith Joseph Barbara Castle David Ennals Patrick Jenkin Norman Fowler John Moore

Secretaries of State for Health

Kenneth Clarke William Waldegrave Virginia Bottomley Stephen Dorrell Frank Dobson Alan Milburn John Reid Patricia Hewitt Alan Johnson Andy Burnham Andrew Lansley Jeremy Hunt

Secretaries of State for Health and Social Care

Jeremy Hunt

v t e

Secretaries of State for Work and Pensions

Ministers of Pensions

Barnes Hodge Worthington-Evans Macpherson Tryon Roberts Tryon Roberts Tryon Hudson Ramsbotham Womersley Paling Hynd Buchanan Marquand Isaacs Heathcoat-Amory

Ministers of Social Insurance/National Insurance

Jowitt Hore-Belisha Griffiths Summerskill Peake

Ministers of Pensions and National Insurance

Peake Boyd-Carpenter Macpherson Wood Herbison

Ministers of Social Security

Herbison Hart

Secretaries of State for Social Services

Crossman Joseph Castle Ennals Jenkin Fowler Moore

Secretaries of State for Social Security

Moore Newton Lilley Harman Darling

Secretaries of State for Work and Pensions

Darling Smith Johnson Blunkett Hutton Hain Purnell Cooper Duncan Smith Crabb Green Gauke McVey

v t e

Callaghan Cabinet

James Callaghan

Joel Barnett Tony Benn Albert Booth Anthony Crosland Edmund Dell Lord Elwyn-Jones David Ennals Michael Foot Roy Hattersley Denis Healey Roy Jenkins Harold Lever Roy Mason Bruce Millan John Morris Fred Mulley Stanley Orme David Owen Lord Peart Reg Prentice Merlyn Rees Bill Rodgers Lord Shepherd Peter Shore John Silkin John Smith Eric Varley Shirley Williams

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 31151884 LCCN: n9061553

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