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Das Erste
Das Erste
(German: [das ˈʔeːɐ̯stə], The First) is the principal publicly owned television channel in Germany. It is a joint production of Germany's regional public broadcasters acting through, and coordinated by, the ARD consortium, with the exception of Deutsche Welle. The channel was officially launched on 25 December 1952 as NWDR-Fernsehen and renamed to Deutsches Fernsehen in 1954.[1] Since 1996, the official brand is Das Erste; the full name Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen (First German Television) is used only occasionally and is not part of the station's corporate identity. In colloquial speech, the station is usually called Erstes Programm ("First Channel"), or by its metonym, ARD.

Contents

1 History 2 Member broadcasting organizations

2.1 Time assigned

3 Broadcasting 4 Logos 5 Programmes

5.1 Children 5.2 Entertainment 5.3 Information 5.4 Series 5.5 Sport 5.6 Talk 5.7 Former programmes

6 Audience share

6.1 Germany

7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

Studio of the news programme Tagesschau

The Maus, the popular children's series

The channel's first experimental broadcast was on 27 November 1950 as the TV channel of the then NWDR, which in 1956 split into NDR and WDR. The regular NWDR television service started on 25 December 1952. Nationwide transmission began on 1 November 1954 within the ARD framework, under the name Deutsches Fernsehen ("German Television"). It was West Germany's only television channel prior to the establishment of ZDF
ZDF
in 1963.[2] The new channel consisted of jointly-produced shows such as the nightly news programme Tagesschau (on the air since 26 December 1952), as well as broadcasts produced individually by ARD member stations. The programs were coordinated by the Programmdirektion based in Munich. Besides several entertaining shows, ARD went political in 1957 when it launched its first political TV magazine, Panorama. Germany's first political TV show adopted the slogan "What is being talked about and what should be talked about" and pictured all aspects of postwar West German society—including conflict-laden topics, scandals, and other taboo topics, such as former Nazis who had held important roles.[3] ARD nevertheless produced a provisional second TV channel from 1 June 1961 until ZDF
ZDF
started its transmissions on 1 April 1963. Colour television was introduced on 25 August 1967. From 1 September 1995 Das Erste broadcasts 24 hours a day. The channel's name was changed to Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen ("First German Television") on 30 September 1984. Also around 1984, a new corporate design was introduced. The previous logo, with stylized waves, was replaced by a new logo showing a stylized number "1" which is still in use today. It changed its name to Das Erste
Das Erste
in 1997, but the long name Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen is still used for some purposes (e.g. the introduction to the main editions of the Tagesschau). Informally, it is also known as ARD among viewers. In addition to its SD broadcast, a 720p50
720p50
HD version of the channel, Das Erste
Das Erste
HD, is also broadcast. Broadcast of Das Erste
Das Erste
HD began in February 2010 with the coverage of the 2010 Winter Olympics
2010 Winter Olympics
in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.[4] Das Erste
Das Erste
HD is available via satellite ( DVB-S2
DVB-S2
on Astra 19.2°E), cable (all cable providers in Germany
Germany
and some providers throughout Europe), IPTV
IPTV
(Telekom Entertain) and DVB-T2
DVB-T2
HD (here available in 1080p50). Member broadcasting organizations[edit] All nine of Germany's regional public-broadcasting organizations contribute to the output of Das Erste
Das Erste
and broadcast its programming in a common schedule. Time assigned[edit] Each regional member of ARD contributes programming to the channel's schedule in proportion to the population of the area it serves. As of February 2006, the time allocations as percentage shares of total broadcast hours were:[citation needed]

Broadcasting organisation % of total

Bayerischer Rundfunk
Bayerischer Rundfunk
(BR) 15.25

Hessischer Rundfunk
Hessischer Rundfunk
(HR) 7.35

Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk
Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk
(MDR) 11.45

Norddeutscher Rundfunk
Norddeutscher Rundfunk
(NDR) 17.45

Radio Bremen
Radio Bremen
(RB) 1.00

Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg
Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg
(RBB) 7.00

Saarländischer Rundfunk
Saarländischer Rundfunk
(SR) 1.30

Südwestrundfunk
Südwestrundfunk
(SWR) 17.95

Westdeutscher Rundfunk
Westdeutscher Rundfunk
(WDR) 21.25

Broadcasting[edit] Before 1990, Das Erste
Das Erste
was only distributed in West Germany, and was almost exclusively broadcast using transmitters owned by the Deutsche Bundespost. However, the transmitters were powerful enough that Das Erste could easily be seen in nearly all of East Germany
Germany
as well. Indeed, Das Erste's broadcasts, particularly its newscasts, were far more popular in East Germany
Germany
than those of state broadcaster Deutscher Fernsehfunk. Exceptions included Dresden, located in a deep valley in southeastern East Germany, and the area around Rügen. One popular nickname for ARD in East Germany
Germany
was Außer Rügen
Rügen
und Dresden
Dresden
(except Rügen
Rügen
and Dresden). On 15 December 1990, programming from ARD was distributed by Deutsche Post of the GDR for the first time. The GDR-transmitters were later taken over by the Bundespost and merged organizationally with the West German transmitters. The transmitters of the Bundespost were transferred in 1995 to Deutsche Telekom, and then in turn to T-Systems.[5] Between 2002 and 2008 the transmission facilities in Germany
Germany
were successively converted from the analogue PAL
PAL
standard to the new digital DVB-T
DVB-T
standard. Das Erste
Das Erste
is available throughout Europe on free-to-air digital satellite television via Astra, as well as on many cable providers. Transmission via the Hot Bird satellite was stopped on 1 April 2017. Logos[edit]

1970 - 1984

1984 - 1994

1994 - 2003

2003 - 2015

2003 - 2015

28 February 2015 - present

28 February 2015 - present

28 February 2015 - present

Programmes[edit] Children[edit]

Frag doch mal die Maus (WDR), hosted by Eckart von Hirschhausen (2006–present) Janoschs Traumstunde, children's programme (1986-1998) Sesamstraße
Sesamstraße
(NDR), children's programme Die Sendung mit der Maus
Die Sendung mit der Maus
(WDR), children's programme

Entertainment[edit]

Alfons und Gäste (SWR/SR) (2008–present) Die große Show der Naturwunder (SWR) (2006–present) extra 3 (NDR), political satire Gefragt - Gejagt, German version of The Chase (2015–present) Immer wieder Sonntags
Immer wieder Sonntags
(SWR) (1995–present) Inas Nacht (NDR) (2009–present) Musikantenstadl
Musikantenstadl
(co-production with ORF and SRF) (1983-2015) Quizduell (NDR), hosted by Jörg Pilawa
Jörg Pilawa
(2014–present) Paarduell (WDR) (2016–present) Spiel für dein Land - Das größte Quiz Europas (co-production with ORF and SRF), hosted by Jörg Pilawa
Jörg Pilawa
(2015–present) Verstehen Sie Spaß?
Verstehen Sie Spaß?
(SWR), hosted by Guido Cantz
Guido Cantz
(1980–present)

Information[edit]

ARD-Morgenmagazin (WDR) (1992–present) ARD-Mittagsmagazin (BR) (1989–present) Berliner Runde (1999–present) Bonner Runde (1972-1999) Brennpunkt (multiple) (1971–present) Brisant (MDR) (1994–present) Fakt (MDR) (1992–present) Kontraste (SFB/RBB) (1968–present) Monitor (WDR) (1965–present) Nachtmagazin (ARD Aktuell/NDR) (1995–present) Panorama (NDR) (1957–present) Plusminus (multiple) (1975–present) Presseschau (SFB) (1969-2002) Report (Report Mainz/Report München) (SWR/BR) (1960–present) Tagesschau (ARD Aktuell/NDR) (1952–present) Tagesthemen
Tagesthemen
(ARD Aktuell/NDR) (1978–present) Umschau (SFB) (1969-1997) Weltspiegel (multiple) (1963–present)

Series[edit]

Blankenese (1994, 2001-2002, 2005) Charité (2017) Die Stein (2008, 2011) Earth 2 (2008) Falcon Crest
Falcon Crest
(1983-1991) Frau Temme sucht das Glück (2017) Großstadtrevier
Großstadtrevier
(1986–present) Heiter bis tödlich (multiple), light police comedy In aller Freundschaft
In aller Freundschaft
(MDR), weekly soap (1998–present) In aller Freundschaft
In aller Freundschaft
- Die jungen Ärzte (MDR), weekly soap (2015–present) Kir Royal (1986-1990) Lindenstraße
Lindenstraße
(WDR), weekly soap (1985–present) Magnum, P.I.
Magnum, P.I.
(Magnum) (1984-1994) Miami Vice
Miami Vice
(1986-1994) Mord in bester Gesellschaft crime series (2007–present) Murder, She Wrote
Murder, She Wrote
(Mord ist ihr Hobby) (1988) Polizeiruf 110
Polizeiruf 110
(multiple), crime drama Rentnercops (2015–present) Rote Rosen (Degeto Film), daily soap (2006–present) Sturm der Liebe
Sturm der Liebe
(BR), daily soap (2005–present) Tatort
Tatort
(all regional stations) Um Himmels Willen
Um Himmels Willen
(2002–present) Vorstadtweiber (2015-2016) Weissensee (2010, 2013, 2015)

Sport[edit]

Sportschau
Sportschau
(on Saturdays with Bundesliga, WDR) (1961–present) Sportschau
Sportschau
vor acht (WDR) (2013–present) Sportschau-Club (WDR) (2012–present)

Talk[edit]

Anne Will
Anne Will
(NDR), hosted by Anne Will
Anne Will
(2007–present) Beckmann (NDR), hosted by Reinhold Beckmann
Reinhold Beckmann
(1999-2014) Der internationale Frühschoppen (1953-1987) Günther Jauch
Günther Jauch
(NDR), hosted by Günther Jauch
Günther Jauch
(2011-2015) Hart aber fair (WDR), hosted by Frank Plasberg
Frank Plasberg
(2007–present) Maischberger (RBB/WDR), hosted by Sandra Maischberger
Sandra Maischberger
(2003–present) Presseclub (WDR) (1987–present) Sabine Christiansen, hosted by Sabine Christiansen
Sabine Christiansen
(1998-2007)

Former programmes[edit]

Beat-Club Berlin, Berlin (SFB) Echo Music Prize (1998-2000, 2009-2016) Ein Herz und eine Seele (NDR) Die Kommissarin (1994-2006) Graf Yoster (1967-1976) Harald Schmidt
Harald Schmidt
(WDR) Marienhof (WDR), daily soap (1992-2009) Musikladen Polylux (ORB/RBB) (2000-2008) Raumpatrouille Verbotene Liebe
Verbotene Liebe
(WDR), daily soap (1995-2015) Wochenspiegel (ARD Aktuell, NDR) (1953-2014)

Audience share[edit] Germany[edit]

January February March April May June July August September October November December Annual average

1990[6] - - - - - - - - - - - - 30.8%

1991[7] - - - - - - - - - - - - 24.5%

1992[8] - - - - - - - - - - - - 22.0%

1993[9] - - - - - - - - - - - - 17.0%

1994[10] - - - - - - - - - - - - 16.3%

1995[11] - - - - - - - - - - - - 14.6%

1996[12] 14.8% 15.2% 14.4% 14.1% 13.6% 18.2% 15.8% 14.5% 14.5% 14.3% 13.9% 14.2% 14.8%

1997[13] 14.3% 15.2% 13.3% 15.0% 13.7% 14.9% 15.0% 16.0% 15.6% 14.3% 14.6% 14.6% 14.7%

1998[14] 14.8% 15.8% 14.8% 14.2% 15.1% 19.9% 18.1% 15.2% 14.8% 14.3% 14.1% 14.0% 15.4%

1999[15] 14.8% 15.3% 14.8% 14.1% 13.7% 14.8% 14.5% 13.9% 13.7% 13.1% 13.4% 14.3% 14.2%

2000[16] 14.4% 14.4% 14.1% 13.5% 14.3% 15.7% 15.1% 14.1% 15.9% 13.3% 13.7% 13.5% 14.3%

2001[17] 12.9% 14.3% 13.3% 12.7% 13.2% 14.1% 14.7% 13.8% 14.8% 13.4% 13.7% 14.2% 13.7%

2002[18] 13.6% 15.9% 13.7% 13.8% 13.6% 17.1% 13.9% 14.9% 13.8% 13.4% 13.5% 13.5% 14.2%

2003[19] 14.0% 14.9% 14.2% 13.6% 13.2% 14.0% 14.8% 14.1% 14.6% 13.3% 13.7% 13.6% 14.0%

2004[20] 13.1% 13.8% 13.7% 13.7% 13.8% 17.4% 13.3% 16.0% 12.6% 13.1% 13.8% 13.4% 13.9%

2005[21] 13.2% 14.3% 13.4% 13.8% 12.3% 13.8% 13.5% 13.8% 13.3% 12.9% 13.2% 14.0% 13.5%

2006[22] 13.9% 15.4% 13.7% 13.3% 13.6% 18.4% 14.2% 14.1% 13.7% 13.5% 13.5% 13.7% 14.2%

2007[23] 13.8% 14.3% 13.9% 13.1% 13.0% 12.9% 12.2% 13.9% 13.4% 13.3% 13.4% 13.1% 13.4%

2008[24] 13.6% 13.8% 12.5% 12.5% 12.9% 18.0% 12.6% 15.1% 12.7% 12.4% 12.6% 12.7% 13.4%

2009[25] 12.5% 13.3% 13.1% 12.7% 12.5% 12.5% 12.0% 13.1% 12.6% 12.7% 12.8% 12.5% 12.7%

2010[26] 13.4% 14.0% 12.8% 12.8% 12.9% 17.1% 14.0% 12.2% 12.5% 11.9% 12.2% 12.7% 13.2%

2011[27] 12.5% 12.9% 13.2% 12.6% 12.8% 13.1% 12.1% 12.3% 11.8% 11.8% 11.6% 11.9% 12.4%

2012[28] 12.9% 11.8% 12.2% 11.2% 11.2% 15.9% 11.4% 13.5% 11.5% 11.7% 11.7% 12.2% 12.3%

2013[29] 12.2% 12.4% 12.5% 12.1% 11.7% 12.3% 11.7% 12.0% 12.0% 11.7% 11.7% 12.3% 12.1%

2014[30] 11.7% 13.4% 12.3% 11.4% 12.0% 17.4% 15.0% 11.3% 11.3% 11.1% 11.8% 11.5% 12.5%

2015[31] 11.3% 11.8% 11.6% 12.2% 11.8% 12.1% 10.9% 11.2% 10.9% 11.2% 11.9% 11.9% 11.6%

2016[32] 12.2% 11.6% 11.3% 11.5% 12.1% 16.0% 13.1% 14.0% 11.0% 10.7% 11.2% 11.2% 12.1%

2017[33] 10.6% 11.8% 12.0% 11.8% 11.4% 10.7% 10.7% 11.0% 11.2% 10.9% 11.3% 11.8% 11.3%

2018

The average age of the viewers is 61 years (as of 2016).[34] References[edit]

^ "ARD-Pressemitteilung: 50 Jahre Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen - Symposium und Sondersendungen zum ARD-Jubiläum". presseportal.de. Retrieved 2016-06-12.  ^ "Jahresrückblick 1952: Neues Rundfunkhaus in Lokstedt". tagesschau. Retrieved 2016-06-12.  ^ "60 Jahre ARD - Ein "Dinosaurier" und seine Zukunft". Norddeutscher Rundfunk. Retrieved 2016-06-12.  ^ " HDTV im Ersten". daserste.de. Archived from the original on 3 March 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2010.  ^ "Chronik der ARD". ARD. Retrieved 2016-06-12.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1990" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1991" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1992" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1993" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1994" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1995" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1996" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1997" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1998" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 1999" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2000" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2001" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2002" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2003" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2004" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2005" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2006" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2007" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2008" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2009" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2010" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2011" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2012" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2013" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2014" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2015" (PDF). kek-online.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2016" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "KEK/Zuschaueranteile 2017" (PDF). kek-online.de. Retrieved 30 January 2018.  ^ Mantel, Uwe (14 March 2017). "Langzeit-Entwicklung des TV-Markts: Wie die Sender gealtert sind - und wer sich dagegen stemmt". dwdl.de. Retrieved 3 November 2017. 

External links[edit]

Official website (in German) DasErste Mediathek (VoD Portal) (in German)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Das Erste.

v t e

Television in Germany

ARD

Das Erste One tagesschau24 ARD-alpha BR Fernsehen hr-fernsehen MDR Fernsehen NDR Fernsehen Radio Bremen
Radio Bremen
TV rbb Fernsehen SR Fernsehen SWR Fernsehen WDR Fernsehen DW-TV

ZDF

ZDF ZDFneo ZDFinfo

ARD & ZDF

3sat Arte KiKa Phoenix

Mediengruppe RTL Deutschland

Free-TV

RTL Nitro RTLplus n-tv VOX (RTL/DCTP) RTL II
RTL II
(RTL/Bauer/TMG/Disney/Burda) Super RTL
Super RTL
(RTL/Disney)

Pay-TV

RTL Crime RTL Living RTL Passion GEO Television

ProSiebenSat.1 Media

Free-TV

Sat.1 ProSieben kabel eins sixx Sat.1
Sat.1
Gold ProSieben
ProSieben
Maxx kabel eins Doku

Pay-TV

ProSieben
ProSieben
Fun Sat.1
Sat.1
Emotions kabel eins classics

Viacom

Free-TV

Comedy Central Nickelodeon VIVA

Pay-TV

MTV MTV Brand New Nick Jr. Nicktoons

Discovery Networks

Free-TV

DMAX Eurosport 1 TLC

Pay-TV

Animal Planet Discovery Channel Eurosport 2

Disney–ABC

Free-TV

Disney Channel

Pay-TV

Disney Junior Disney XD Disney Cinemagic

Others

Free-TV

Bibel TV Channel 21 Deluxe Music eoTV Euronews Hope Channel Deutsch N24 Doku QVC ServusTV Sonnenklar.TV Sport1 Tele 5 Welt Zee.One

Pay-TV

13th Street A&E Animax AXN Boomerang Cartoon Network Classica Fox Channel Kinowelt TV Silverline Movie Channel Sony Channel Sportdigital Syfy TNT Film TNT Glitz TNT Serie Universal Channel Sky Deutschland
Sky Deutschland
channels

Television stations Sports broadcasting

v t e

Public broadcasting
Public broadcasting
in Germany

Broadcasters

ARD

BR HR MDR NDR RB RBB SR SWR WDR DW

ZDF

Television channels

Das Erste ZDF tagesschau24 ARD-alpha One ZDFinfo ZDFneo 3sat Arte KiKa Phoenix DW-TV

BR Fernsehen hr-fernsehen MDR Fernsehen NDR Fernsehen rb.tv RBB Fernsehen SR Fernsehen SWR Fernsehen WDR Fernsehen

Deutschlandradio

Deutschlandfunk Deutschlandfunk
Deutschlandfunk
Kultur Deutschlandfunk
Deutschlandfunk
Nova Dok&Deb

Discontinued

D-Plus EinsPlus
EinsPlus
(cultural channel) EinsPlus
EinsPlus
(1996–2016) ZDF
ZDF
2 ZDFdokukanal ZDFkultur ZDFtheaterkanal

v t e

ARD

Current members

Bayerischer Rundfunk
Bayerischer Rundfunk
(BR) Deutsche Welle
Deutsche Welle
(DW) Hessischer Rundfunk
Hessischer Rundfunk
(HR) Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk
Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk
(MDR) Norddeutscher Rundfunk
Norddeutscher Rundfunk
(NDR) Radio Bremen
Radio Bremen
(RB) Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg
Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg
(RBB) Saarländischer Rundfunk
Saarländischer Rundfunk
(SR) Südwestrundfunk
Südwestrundfunk
(SWR) Westdeutscher Rundfunk
Westdeutscher Rundfunk
(WDR)

Former members

Sender Freies Berlin
Sender Freies Berlin
(SFB) Ostdeutscher Rundfunk Brandenburg (ORB) Süddeutscher Rundfunk
Süddeutscher Rundfunk
(SDR) Südwestfunk (SWF) Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk
Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk
(NWDR)

Programmes

Beat-Club Berlin, Berlin Der Nachtkurier meldet… Ein Herz und eine Seele Die Kommissarin Harald Schmidt Lindenstraße Marienhof Musikladen Polylux Raumpatrouille Sandmännchen Schmidt & Pocher Sesamstraße Die Sendung mit der Maus Tagesschau Tagesthemen Tatort Verbotene Liebe

Channels

Das Erste EinsPlu

.