Dartmouth is a town and civil parish in the English county of Devon.
It is a tourist destination set on the western bank of the estuary of
the River Dart, which is a long narrow tidal ria that runs inland as
far as Totnes. It lies within the South
Devon Area of Outstanding
Natural Beauty and
South Hams District, and had a population of 5,512
in 2001, reducing to 5,064 at the 2011 census There are two
electoral wards in the Dartmouth area (
Townstal & Kingswear).
Their combined population at the above census was 6,822.
1.1 19th century
1.2 20th century
1.3 21st century
3 Culture and tourism
6.1 Royal Naval College
7 Sport and leisure
8 Notable residents
10 External links
In 1086, the Domesday Book lists Dunestal as the only settlement in
the area which now makes up the parish of Dartmouth. It was held by
Walter of Douai. It paid tax on half a hide, and had two plough teams,
two slaves, five villagers and four smallholders. There were six
cattle, 40 sheep and 15 goats. At this time
Townstal (as the name
became) was apparently a purely agricultural settlement, centred
around the church. Walter of Douai rebelled against William II, and
his lands were confiscated and added to the honour of Marshwood
(Dorset), which sublet
Townstal and Dartmouth to the FitzStephens.
It was probably during the early part of their proprietorship that
Dartmouth began to grow as a port, as it was of strategic importance
as a deep-water port for sailing vessels. The port was used as the
sailing point for the
Crusades of 1147 and 1190, and Warfleet Creek,
Dartmouth Castle is supposed by some to be named for the vast
fleets which assembled there. Dartmouth was a home of the Royal
Navy from the reign of Edward III and was twice surprised and sacked
during the Hundred Years' War, after which the mouth of the estuary
was closed every night with a great chain. The narrow mouth of the
Dart is protected by two fortified castles,
Dartmouth Castle and
Kingswear Castle. Originally Dartmouth's only wharf was Bayard's Cove,
a relatively small area protected by a fort at the southern end of the
Geoffrey Chaucer visited and among the pilgrims in his
A schipman was ther, wonyng fer by weste;
For ought I wost, he was of Dertemouthe.
Notwithstanding Dartmouth's connections with the crown and respectable
society, it was a major base for privateering in medieval times. John
Hawley or Hauley, a licensed privateer and sometime mayor of
Dartmouth is reputed to be a model for Chaucer's "schipman".
The earliest street in Dartmouth to be recorded by name (in the 13th
century) is Smith Street. Several of the houses on the street are
originally late 16th century or early 17th century and probably
rebuilt on the site of earlier medieval dwellings. The street name
undoubtedly derives from the smiths and shipwrights who built and
repaired ships here when the tidal waters reached as far as this
point. Smith Street was also the site of the town pillory in medieval
The first church in the parish was St Clement's, Townstal, which may
have existed in some form before the 1190s. It was granted by the
Torre Abbey in about 1198, the Abbey having been
founded in 1196, and the present stone-built church was probably
started shortly after this.
Manorial transactions are first recorded in 1220, when the manor house
was at Norton, about half a mile west of Townstal. Names of
occupations also started to appear, including taverner, tailor,
coggar, korker, goldsmith, glover, skinner and baker. The "Fosse", now
Foss Street, a dam across the creek known later as The Mill Pool, was
first mentioned in 1243. The flow of water out of the pool through the
Mill Gullet powered a tidal mill. The dam was used as an unofficial
footpath linking Clifton, to the south, with Hardness, to the north.
Before this it was necessary to go westwards to the head of the creek
at Ford to travel between the two settlements. The lord of the manor
was given the rights to hold a weekly market and an annual fair in
1231. In 1281, a legal case proved that the Lord of
Totnes had the
right to charge tolls on ships using the river, and this right was
bought by Nicholas of Tewkesbury in 1306, who conveyed the town, river
and port to the king in 1327, so making Dartmouth a Royal Borough. The
king gave the river to the Duchy of Cornwall in 1333, who still own
the "fundus" or bed of the river. In 1335 Edward III granted
Dartmouth to Joan of Carew, whose husband was Lord of Stoke Fleming,
and almost immediately she obediently passed the lordship to Guy de
Bryan, one of the king's leading ministers. In 1341, the town was
granted a Royal Charter, which allowed for the election of a mayor.
The borough was required to provide two ships for forty days per year.
After 1390, no more is heard of lordship rights, and the borough
became effectively independent of any lord.
Medieval church door of St Saviour's
St Saviour's Church was constructed in 1335 and consecrated in 1372.
It contains a pre-Reformation oak rood screen built in 1480 and
several monuments including the tomb of John Hawley (d. 1408) and his
two wives, covered with a large brass plate effigy of all three. A
large medieval ironwork door is decorated with two leopards of the
Plantagenets and is possibly the original portal. Although it is dated
"1631", this is thought to be the date of a subsequent refurbishment
coincidental with major renovations of the church in the 17th
century. The gallery of the church is decorated with the heraldic
crests of prominent local families and is reputed to be constructed of
timbers from ships captured during the defeat of the Spanish
Armada, although this has not been categorically substantiated. An
engraving of the interior of the church and showing the screen
provided the inspiration for Letitia Elizabeth Landon's poetical
illustration Dartmouth Church in Fisher's Drawing Room scrap Book,
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
a poem by L. E. L.
In mediaeval times, land access from the
Totnes direction passed the
manor at Norton and the parish church at
Townstal before falling
steeply along what are now Church Road, Mount Boone and Ridge Hill to
the river at Hardness. There were steeper routes via
Townstal Hill and
Clarence Street and also via Brown's Hill. These were all too steep
for vehicles, so the only land access was by packhorse. In 1671 there
is the first mention of the building of the "New Ground". A previously
existing sandbank was built up using ships' ballast, and a quay wall
was built around it to provide more mooring space. The area proved too
unstable to be built on, and is now the Royal Avenue Gardens. It was
originally linked to the corner of the Quay by a bridge, opposite Duke
Street. At the other end of The Quay, Spithead extended into the river
for a few yards. In 1592 the Madre de Deus, a Portuguese treasure ship
captured by the English in the Azores, docked at Dartmouth Harbour. It
attracted all manner of traders, dealers, cutpurses and thieves and by
the time Sir
Walter Raleigh arrived to reclaim the Crown's share of
the loot, a cargo estimated at half a million pounds had been reduced
to £140,000. Still, ten freighters were needed to carry the
treasure to London.
Henry Hudson put into Dartmouth on his return from North America, and
was arrested for sailing under a foreign flag. The
Pilgrim Fathers put
into Dartmouth's Bayard's Cove, en route from
Southampton to America.
They rested a while before setting off on their journey in the
Mayflower and the Speedwell on 20 August 1620. About 300 miles west of
Land's End, upon realising that the Speedwell was unseaworthy, it
returned to Plymouth. The
Mayflower departed alone to complete the
crossing to Cape Cod. Dartmouth's sister city is Dartmouth,
The town contains many medieval and Elizabethan streetscapes and is a
patchwork of narrow lanes and stone stairways. A significant number of
the historic buildings are listed. One of the most obvious is the
Butterwalk, built 1635 to 1640. Its intricately carved wooden fascia
is supported on granite columns. Charles II held court in the
Butterwalk whilst sheltering from storms in 1671 in a room which now
forms part of Dartmouth Museum. Much of the interior survives from
The Royal Castle Hotel was built in 1639 on the then new quay. The
building was re-fronted in the 19th century, and as the new frontage
is itself listed, it is not possible to see the original which lies
beneath. A claimant for the oldest building is a former merchant's
house in Higher Street, now a
Good Beer Guide
Good Beer Guide listed public house
called the Cherub, built circa 1380. Agincourt House (next to the
Lower Ferry) is also 14th century.
Dartmouth sent numerous ships to join the English fleet that attacked
the Spanish Armada, including the Roebuck, Crescent and Hart. The
Nuestra Señora del Rosario, the Spanish Armada's "payship" commanded
by Admiral Pedro de Valdés, was captured along with all its crew by
Sir Francis Drake. It was reportedly anchored in the
River Dart for
more than a year and the crew were used as labourers on the nearby
Greenway Estate which was the home of
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
Sir Humphrey Gilbert and his
half-brother Sir Walter Raleigh. Greenway was later the home of Dame
The remains of a fort at Gallants Bower just outside the town are some
of the best preserved remains of a Civil War defensive structure.
The fort was built by
Royalist occupation forces in c. 1643 to the
south east of the town, with a similar fort at Mount Ridley on the
opposite slopes of what is now Kingswear. The Parliamentarian General
Fairfax attacked from the north in 1646, taking the town and forcing
the Royalists to surrender, after which Gallants Bower was demolished.
Before 1671, what is now the town centre was almost entirely tidal mud
flats. The New Road (now Victoria Road) was constructed across the bed
of the (silted up) Mill Pool and up the Ford valley after 1823.
Spithead was extended in 1864 when the Dartmouth and
Kingswear and a pontoon was constructed, linked to Spithead
by a bridge. The railway directors and others formed the Dartmouth
Harbour Commissioners. At this time, all the roads in those parts of
Dartmouth which were not land reclamations were very narrow. In 1864-7
Higher Street was widened into Southtown and linked to Lower Street,
which was also widened, with the northern part renamed Fairfax Place.
Some of the buildings were rebuilt further back with decorative
frontages. In 1881 the Harbour Commissioners produced a scheme for an
embankment or esplanade from near the Lower Ferry to Hardness, across
the remains of The Pool, to provide an attraction for tourists and
further mooring space. It was completed in 1885 after much
disagreement between the Borough, the Commissioners and the Railway
(now the Great Western Railway). A new station was also built at this
time. The building of the Embankment left a section of river
isolated between Spithead and the New Ground, which is known as The
Boatfloat, and is linked to the river by a bridge for small vessels
under the road.
The coming of steam ships led to Dartmouth being used as a bunkering
port, with coal being brought in by ship or train. Coal lumpers were
members of gangs, who competed to bunker the ships by racing to be
first to a ship. This led to the men living as close as possible to
the river, and their tenements became grossly overcrowded, with the
families living in slum conditions, with up to 15 families in one
house, one family to a room.
Royal National Lifeboat Institution
Royal National Lifeboat Institution opened the Dart Lifeboat
Station at the Sand Quay in 1878, but it was closed in 1896. In all
this time only one effective rescue was made by the lifeboat.
The area to the north of Ridge Hill was a shallow and muddy bay
("Coombe Mud") with a narrow road running along the shore linking with
the Higher Ferry. The mud was a dumping ground for vessels, including
a submarine. The reclamation was completed in 1937 by the extension of
the Embankment and the reclamation of the mud behind it, which became
Smith Street circa 1930
In the 1920s, aided by government grants, the council made a start on
clearing the slums. This was aided by the decline in the use of coal
as a fuel for ships. The slums were demolished, and the inhabitants
were rehoused in new houses in the Britannia Avenue area, to the west
of the old village or hamlet of Townstal. The process was interrupted
by the second world war, but was resumed with the construction of many
prefabs, and later more houses. Community facilities were minimal at
first, but a central area was reserved for a church, which was used by
Baptists and opened in 1954, together with a speedway track.
The latter was later used for housing, but a new community centre was
opened nearby, together with a leisure centre, an outdoor swimming
pool, and later an indoor pool, and supermarkets. There are also
light industrial units.
In the latter part of the Second World War the town was a base for
American forces and one of the departure points for
Utah Beach in the
D Day landings. Slipways and harbour improvements were also
constructed. Much of the surrounding countryside and notably Slapton
Sands was closed to the public while it was used by US troops for
practise landings and manoeuvres. Between 1985 and 1990 the Embankment
was widened by 6 metres and raised to prevent flooding at spring
tides. A tidal lock gate was provided at the Boatfloat bridge, which
could be closed at such times.
Dart Lifeboat Station
Dart Lifeboat Station was reopened in 2007, the first time that a
lifeboat had been stationed in the town since 1896. It has initially
been kept in a temporary building in Coronation Park.
In 2010, a fire seriously damaged numerous historical properties in
Fairfax Place and Higher Street. Several were Tudor and Grade I or
Grade II listed buildings.
The town was an ancient borough, incorporated by Edward III, known
formally as Clifton-Dartmouth-Hardness, and consisting of the three
parishes of St Petrox, St Saviour and Townstal, and incorporating the
hamlets of Ford, Old Mill and Norton. It was reformed under the
Municipal Corporations Act 1835. The town returned two members of
parliament from the 13th century until 1835, after which one MP was
elected until the town was disenfranchised in 1868. It remained a
municipal borough until 1974, when it was merged into the South Hams
district, and became a successor parish of Dartmouth with a town
Dartmouth Town Council is the lowest of three tiers of local
government. It consists of 16 councillors representing the two wards
of Clifton and Townstal. At the second tier, Dartmouth forms part
of the Dartmouth and
Kingswear ward of
South Hams District Council,
which returns three councillors. At the upper tier of local
government Dartmouth and
Kingswear Electoral Division elects one
Devon County Council.
Culture and tourism
Map of Dartmouth
Port of Dartmouth Royal Regatta takes place annually over three
days at the end of August. The event sees the traditional regatta boat
races along with markets, fun fairs, community games, musical
performances, air displays including the
Red Arrows and fireworks. A
Royal Navy guard ship is often present at the event. Other cultural
events include beer festivals in February and July (the latter in
Kingswear), a music festival and an art and craft weekend in June, a
food festival in October and a Christmas candlelit event.
The Flavel Centre incorporates the public library and performance
spaces, featuring films, live music and comedy and exhibitions.
Bayard's Cove has been used in several television productions,
including The Onedin Line a popular
BBC television drama series
that ran from 1971 to 1980. Many of the scenes from the BBC's popular
series 'Down to Earth', starring Ricky Tomlinson, were filmed at
various locations around the town.
Notable tourist attractions include the Dartmouth Royal Naval College,
Dartmouth Castle and the
Dartmouth Steam Railway
Dartmouth Steam Railway which terminates at
Kingswear on the opposite bank of the river.
Boat cruises to nearby places along the coast (such as
Start Bay) and up the river (to Totnes,
Dittisham and the Greenway
Estate) are provided by several companies. The paddlesteamer PS
Kingswear Castle returned to the town in 2013. The South West
Coast Path National Trail passes through the town, and also through
National Trust coastal properties at Little Dartmouth and
Brownstone (Kingswear). The Dart Valley Trail starts in Dartmouth,
with routes either side of the
River Dart as far as Dittisham, and
Totnes via Cornworthy,
Tuckenhay and Ashprington. The
area has long been well regarded for yachting, and there are extensive
marinas at Sandquay,
Kingswear and Noss (approximately one mile north
The nearest Met Office weather station is Slapton, about 5 miles
south-south west of Dartmouth and a similar distance from the coast.
As with the rest of the
British Isles and South West England, the area
experiences a maritime climate with warm summers and mild winters -
this is particularly pronounced due to its position near the coast -
extremes range from a record low of just −8.0 °C
(17.6 °F) in January 1987 up to a record high of
30.5 °C (86.9 °F) during June 1976.
Climate data for Slapton, 1981-2010, Extremes 1960-
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source: Met Office 
Dartmouth is linked to Kingswear, on the other side of the River Dart,
by three ferries. The Higher Ferry and the Lower Ferry are both
vehicular ferries. The Passenger Ferry, as its name suggests, carries
only passengers, principally to connect with the Dartmouth Steam
Kingswear railway station. The nearest bridge across the
Dart is in Totnes, some 11 miles (18 km) away by road.
Dartmouth station building, now a restaurant.
A379 road runs through Dartmouth, linking the town to Slapton and
Kingsbridge to the southwest and to
Torbay to the east across the
Higher Ferry. The A3122 connects Dartmouth to a junction with the
A381, and hence to both
Totnes and a more direct route to Kingsbridge.
Devon provides local town bus services and links to
Totnes and Exeter, and Kingsbridge. In addition Stagecoach
Devon provides links to the
Torbay resorts of Brixham,
Kingswear via the ferry.
No railway has ever run to Dartmouth, but the town does have a railway
station, opened on 31st March 1890 to replace the original
facility on the pontoon, although it is now a restaurant. The
railway line to
Kingswear was opened in 1864. As a result of shortage
of capital, a deviation from the original scheme to run the line from
Churston to Greenway with a steamer service to Dartmouth was proposed,
but defeated in Parliament. It had been suggested that this could, at
a later date, be used as a jumping off point for a bridge to the west
bank of the Dart and a line direct to Dartmouth.In 1900, a Light
Railway scheme was proposed for a crossing of the Dart near Maypool to
join another line from
Totnes and then proceed to
Yealmpton, with a branch to Salcombe. This was also defeated by
lack of funds. The railway terminated at a station called "Kingswear
for Dartmouth" (now on the Dartmouth Steam Railway) and a ferry took
passengers across the river to the station at Dartmouth railway
station, which had a dedicated pontoon.
British Railways formally
closed the line to mainline passenger trains in 1973, but it
immediately re-opened as a heritage line and has run as one ever
Kingswear seen from Dartmouth
Royal Naval College
The town is home to the Royal Navy's officer training college
(Britannia Royal Naval College), where all officers of the Royal Navy
and many foreign naval officers are trained.
Dartmouth has one secondary school — formerly (Dartmouth Community
College) now Dartmouth Academy — an all-through school for those
aged 3–16, and two primary schools: (Dartmouth
Primary school (now
part of Dartmouth Academy) and St John the Baptist R.C. Primary
Dartmouth Community College and Dartmouth Primary School are
part of the Dartmouth Learning Campus; as from September 2007,
Dartmouth Community College is part of a federation with Dartmouth
Primary School and Nursery, meaning that the two schools share one
governing body for pupils aged 1 to 16. Dartmouth also has a
pre-school in the centre of town, established for over 40 years and
based in the old Victorian school rooms at South Ford Road. It
provides care for 2- to 5-year-olds and is run as a charitable
Sport and leisure
Dartmouth has a
Non-League football club
Dartmouth A.F.C. who play at
Dartmouth also hosts the annual "World Indoor Rally Championship",
based on slot car racing in the late summer.
At the end of August and early September there is the annual Port of
Dartmouth Royal Regatta.
Since 1905 Dartmouth has had a greenhouse as part of the Royal Avenue
Gardens. In May 2013 this building, used for the previous 10
years by Dartmouth in Bloom, a not-for-profit organisation
affiliated with Britain in Bloom, was closed as structurally
unsound. There are proposals to restore the greenhouse to its
prior Edwardian style.
Thomas Newcomen, the inventor of the atmospheric engine – the first
successful steam-powered pumping engine – was born in Dartmouth in
1663. The location of his house in Lower Street is marked with a
plaque, although the building itself was demolished (and elements
incorporated into local architect Thomas Lidstone's house on Ridge
Hill) in the 19th century to make way for a new road which was named
after Newcomen. An 18th-century working
Newcomen steam engine
Newcomen steam engine is on
display in the town.
The town was home to the civil engineer and calculating prodigy George
Parker Bidder (1806–1878), who is notable for his work on railways
over much of the world, as well as the docks of the
East End in the
Port of London. Bidder served on the town council, and his expertise
was instrumental in draining the area which is now the centre of the
town. He also undertook pioneering work with
Samuel Lake on steam
trawling whilst living in the town. Bidder died at his home at
Paradise Point near
Warfleet Creek and is buried at nearby Stoke
Flora Thompson lived in Above Town between 1928 and 1940, writing Lark
Over to Candleford during this time. The books were later
combined into a single volume with
Candleford Green and published as
Lark Rise to Candleford. She is buried at Longcross Cemetery.
The stage and film actress
Rachel Kempson (1910–2003) was born in
Dartmouth. She was the wife of Sir
Michael Redgrave and mother of
Vanessa, Lynn and Corin, and published her autobiography, Life Among
the Redgraves, in 1988.
Gordon Onslow Ford (1912–2003), a leading British surrealist
painter, attended the Royal Naval College.
Sir John Harvey Jones (1924-2008), Businessman and television
presenter, attended the Royal Naval College.
Christopher Robin Milne, son of A. A. Milne, after whom the character
Christopher Robin in the
Winnie-the-Pooh books was named, used to own
the Harbour Bookshop. The bookshop was reported as facing closure in
September 2011 and the report was fulfilled.
Many local businesses were commemorated in a special edition of the
card game Happy Families produced locally in 1987, created to
raise funds locally. A copy is held in Dartmouth Museum.
Theodore Veale, recipient of the
Victoria Cross during the First World
^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish
South Hams Retrieved 27 January 2010
^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 19 February 2015.
^ "Dartmouth and
Kingswear ward 2011". Retrieved 19 February
^ "Dartmouth Townstall ward 2011". Retrieved 19 February 2015.
^ Freeman, Ray (1990). Dartmouth and its Neighbours 1st Ed.
Chichester: Phillimore. pp. 17 – 18. ISBN 0 85033 697
^ "What's in A Name - Warfleet Creek". By The Dart. Retrieved 10 July
^ "John Hawley of Dartmouth". Devonperspectives.co.uk. 11 February
2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
^ "Roll Of Mayoralty". Dartmouth-history.org.uk. Archived from the
original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
^ Freeman, Ray (1990). Dartmouth and its Neighbours (1st ed.).
Chichester: Phillimore. pp. 19 – 21. ISBN 0 85033 697
^ Freeman, Ray (1990). Dartmouth and its Neighbours (1 ed.).
Chichester: Phillimore. pp. 23 – 24. ISBN 0 85033 697
^ "St Saviour, Dartmouth,
Devon - Church". Roughwood.net. 27 February
2009. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
^ Andrews, Robert (2013). The Rough Guide to
Devon & Cornwall.
Rough Guides UK. ISBN 9781409364863.
^ McDermott, James (2001). Martin Frobisher: Elizabethan Privateer.
Yale University Press. pp. 397–398.
^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Listed Buildings in Dartmouth, Devon,
England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
^ "The King's Room at Dartmouth Museum". Dartmouth Museum. Retrieved
29 July 2011. It was in this magnificent room that King Charles II was
entertained in July 1671, when storms forced him to seek shelter in
^ Russell, Percy (September 1946). Ancient Dartmouth (PDF). Retrieved
2 February 2013.
Devon - Destinations UK". Historic-uk.com. 4 June 1944.
Retrieved 25 October 2012.
^ "Gallants Bower". National Trust. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
^ Freeman, Ray (1990). Dartmouth and its Neighbours. Chichester:
Phillimore. pp. 166 – 168. ISBN 0 85033 697 X.
^ Potts, C.R. (2014). The
Newton Abbot to
Kingswear Railway (2 ed.).
Usk: Oakwood Press. pp. 92, 335 – 339. ISBN 978 0 85361
^ Freeman, Ray (1990). Dartmouth and its Neighbours. Chichester:
Phillimore. pp. 178–180. ISBN 0 85033 697 X.
^ a b Leach, Nicholas (2009). Devon's Lifeboat Heritage. Chacewater:
Twelveheads Press. pp. 19–20.
^ "Dartmouth Baptist Church". Retrieved 24 January 2018.
Townstal Community Hall". By the Dart. Retrieved 24 January
^ "Dartmouth and District Indoor Pool". Retrieved 24 January
^ "Dartmouth's Tudor buildings destroyed by chip shop fire". BBC News.
29 May 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
^ Pigot & Co.'s Devonshire (1830) GenUKi
^ The English Non-metropolitan Districts (Definition) Order 1972 (S.I.
1972 No. 2039)
^ The Local Government (Successor Parishes) Order 1973 (S.I. 1973 No.
^ Dartmouth Town Councillors, Dartmouth Town Council. Retrieved 21
^ "Election of District Councillors for Dartmouth and Kingswer" (PDF).
South Hams District Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28
September 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
^ Division 36: Dartmouth and Kingswear,
Devon County Council.
Retrieved 21 March 2008
^ "Discover Dartmouth". Visit South
Devon Community Interest
Company. Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires
^ "Discover Dartmouth". Visit South
Devon Community Interest
Company. Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires
^ "Things to Do - Indoor - Outdoor - Dartmouth Museum". Dartmouth
Museum. Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 19
August 2011. Bayards Cove was used in the BBC period drama The Onedin
Line to represent the wharves and buildings of Liverpool Docks.
Kingswear Castle returns home to the Dart after 50
years". Western Morning News. 8 December 2012. Retrieved 18 December
^ "1987 temperature". KNMI.
^ "1976 temperature". KNMI.
^ "Dart Harbour : Ferries". The Dart Harbour and Navigation
Authority. Archived from the original on 19 October 2008. Retrieved 18
^ "Heritage, Landscape & Wildlife: Dartmouth Town Trail". South
Devon AONB. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
^ Potts, C.R. (2014). The
Newton Abbot to
Kingswear Railway (2nd ed.).
Usk: Oakwood Press. p. 339. ISBN 978 0 85361 733 4.
^ ibid. pp. 36 - 40
^ Williams and Reynolds, Ken and Dermot (1977). The Kingsbridge
Branch. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Co. pp. 27,28. ISBN 086093
^ "History of Dartmouth Community Greenhouse". Dartmouth in Bloom.
Retrieved 17 May 2013. The Dartmouth Greenhouse was built in 1905.
This Greenhouse is part of the history of Royal Avenue Gardens and
part of the heritage of the town of Dartmouth.
^ "Bloom team bid to restore greenhouse". North London Today. Tindle
Newspapers. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013. The greenhouse,
built in 1905, was an original feature of the New Ground, which became
Royal Avenue Gardens, and remains the oldest surviving feature of the
gardens, six years older than the bandstand.
^ "Dartmouth in Bloom, horticultural achievement, environmental
responsibility, community participation Dartmouth in Bloom". Dartmouth
in Bloom. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
^ "Bloom contest fear over gardening cut". Dartmouth Chronicle. Tindle
Newspapers. 3 May 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013. ... the local bloom
team has had to cope with the closure of its community Greenhouse
which has been deemed too structurally dangerous to use.
^ "Bloom team bid to restore greenhouse". Dartmouth Chronicle. Tindle
Newspapers. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013. Dartmouth in Bloom
has big plans to rescue one of the town’s greatest assets, the
community greenhouse, and restore it to its former Edwardian glory.
The move comes at a time when the future of the community greenhouse
is at risk, with controversial proposals from
South Hams Council,
which owns the building, to flatten it to extend the Mayor Avenue car
^ "BBC News - Christopher Robin's Dartmouth bookshop to close".
bbc.co.uk. 19 August 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
^ "visually lush: Dartmouth Happy Families".
Lydiadimitrova.blogspot.co.uk. 7 May 2009. Retrieved 25 October
^ "Holdsworth Room - War - Peace - Oldstone Dolls House - Dartmouth
Museum". Dartmouth Museum. Retrieved 23 July 2012. In one of the many
drawers [...] you will find a very special pack of cards; Dartmouth's
own local Happy Families game, devised by local artist
Simon Drew and
sold in 1987 to raise money for the swimming pool fund.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dartmouth, Devon.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Dartmouth.
Dartmouth at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Charles Oman, "Dartmouth and
Kingswear Castles: Twin Dart estuary
"Dartmouth". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.
"Dartmouth, a seaport, market town, and municipal borough in the
Torquay parliamentary division of Devonshire, England". Encyclopædia
Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.
Ceremonial county of Devon
Boroughs or districts
Ottery St Mary
See also: List of civil parishes in Devon
Devon County Council
Towns by population
Grade I listed buildings
Grade II* listed buildings
South West Coast Path
North Devon's Biosphere Reserve
Non-metropolitan district of South Hams
List of civil parishes in Devon#South Hams
Buckland Tout Saints
Frogmore and Sherford
Halwell and Moreleigh
Newton and Noss
Bold text denotes a parish council referred to as a "town council"