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Dartmoor
Dartmoor
is an area of moorland in southern Devon, England. Protected by National Park status as Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park, it covers 954 km2 (368 sq mi).[1] The granite which forms the uplands dates from the Carboniferous Period of geological history. The moorland is capped with many exposed granite hilltops known as tors, providing habitats for Dartmoor wildlife. The highest point is High Willhays, 621 m (2,037 ft) above sea level. The entire area is rich in antiquities and archaeology. Dartmoor
Dartmoor
is managed by the Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority, whose 22 members are drawn from Devon
Devon
County Council, local district councils and Government. Parts of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
have been used as military firing ranges for over 200 years. The public is granted extensive land access rights on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
(including restricted access to the firing ranges) and it is a popular tourist destination.

Contents

1 Physical geography

1.1 Geology 1.2 Tors 1.3 Rivers 1.4 Bogs

2 Climate 3 History

3.1 Pre-history 3.2 Standing stones 3.3 Hut circles and kistvaens 3.4 The historical period

4 Myths and literature 5 Ownership and access

5.1 Use by the Ministry of Defence

6 Preservation 7 Towns and villages 8 Landmarks 9 Leisure activities

9.1 Visitor centres

10 See also 11 References 12 Sources 13 External links

Physical geography[edit] Geology[edit]

Map showing the main granite outcrops of the Cornubian batholith
Cornubian batholith
in southwest England
England
and the gravity anomaly associated with it.

Dartmoor
Dartmoor
includes the largest area of granite in Britain, with about 625 km2 (241 sq mi) at the surface, though most of it is under superficial peat deposits. The granite (or more specifically adamellite) was intruded at depth as a pluton into the surrounding sedimentary rocks during the Carboniferous
Carboniferous
period, probably about 309 million years ago.[2] It is generally accepted that the present surface is not far below the original top of the pluton; evidence for this includes partly digested shale xenoliths, contamination of the granite and the existence of two patches of altered sedimentary rock on top of the granite.[3] A considerable gravity anomaly is associated with the Dartmoor
Dartmoor
pluton as with other such plutons.[4] Measurement of the anomaly has helped to determine the likely shape and extent of the rock mass at depth. Tors[edit]

Panorama of some better known Dartmoor
Dartmoor
tors in snow

High Willhays
High Willhays
with Yes Tor
Yes Tor
behind

Dartmoor
Dartmoor
is known for its tors – hills topped with outcrops of bedrock, which in granite country such as this are usually rounded boulder-like formations. More than 160 of the hills of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
have the word tor in their name but quite a number do not.[1] However this does not appear to relate to whether or not there is an outcrop of rock on their summit. The tors are the focus of an annual event known as the Ten Tors
Ten Tors
Challenge, when around 2400 people aged between 14 and 19 walk for distances of 56, 72 or 88 km (35, 45 or 55 mi) between ten tors on many differing routes. The highest points on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
are on the northern moor: High Willhays, 621 m (2,037 ft), (grid reference SX580895) and Yes Tor, 619 m (2,031 ft), (grid reference SX581901) The highest points on the southern moor are Ryder's Hill, 515 m (1,690 ft), (grid reference SX660690), Snowdon 495 m (1,624 ft), (grid reference SX668684), and an unnamed point, 493 m (1,617 ft) at (grid reference SX603645), between Langcombe Hill and Shell Top. The best-known tor on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
is Haytor[5] (called Hey Tor by William Crossing), 457 m (1,499 ft), (grid reference SX757771). For a more complete list see List of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
tors and hills. Rivers[edit]

River Erme
River Erme
at Ivybridge.

The high ground of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
forms the catchment area for many of Devon's rivers. As well as shaping the landscape, these have traditionally provided a source of power for moor industries such as tin mining and quarrying. The moor takes its name from the River Dart, which starts as the East Dart and West Dart and then becomes a single river at Dartmeet. It leaves the moor at Buckfastleigh, flowing through Totnes
Totnes
below where it opens up into a long ria, reaching the sea at Dartmouth. For a full list, expand the Rivers of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
navigational box at the bottom of this page. Bogs[edit] Much more rain falls on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
than in the surrounding lowlands. As much of the national park is covered in thick layers of peat (decaying vegetation), the rain is usually absorbed quickly and distributed slowly, so the moor is rarely dry. In areas where water accumulates, dangerous bogs or mires can result. Some of these, topped with bright green moss, are known to locals as "feather beds" or "quakers", because they can shift (or 'quake') beneath a person's feet. Quakers result from sphagnum moss growing over the water that accumulates in the hollows in the granite.[6][7][8]

Aune Mire, the source of the River Avon.

The vegetation of the bogs depends on the type and location. Blanket bog, which forms on the highest land where the rainfall exceeds 2,000 millimetres (79 in) a year, consists mainly of cotton-grass ( Eriophorum
Eriophorum
species), sedges ( Carex
Carex
and Rhynchospora), Bog
Bog
Asphodel and Common Tormentil, with Sphagnum
Sphagnum
thriving in the wettest patches. The valley bogs have lush growth of rushes, with sphagnum, cross-leaved heath, sundews and several other species.[9] Some of the bogs on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
have achieved notoriety. Fox Tor
Fox Tor
Mires was supposedly the inspiration for Great Grimpen Mire in Conan Doyle's novel The Hound of the Baskervilles,[10] although there is a waymarked footpath across it. Sabine Baring-Gould, in his Book of Dartmoor (1900) related the story of a man who was making his way through Aune Mire at the head of the River Avon when he came upon a top-hat brim down on the surface of the mire. He kicked it, whereupon a voice called out: "What be you a-doin' to my 'at?" The man replied, "Be there now a chap under'n?" "Ees, I reckon," was the reply, "and a hoss under me likewise."[11] Climate[edit] Along with the rest of South West England, Dartmoor
Dartmoor
has a temperate climate which is generally wetter and milder than locations at similar height in the rest of England. At Princetown, near the centre of the moor at a height of 453 metres (1,486 ft), January and February are the coldest months with mean minimum temperatures around 1 °C (34 °F). July and August are the warmest months with mean daily maxima not reaching 18 °C (64 °F). Compared with Teignmouth, which is on the coast about 22 miles (35 km) to the east, the average maximum and minimum temperatures are 3.0 °C (5.4 °F) and 2.6 °C (4.7 °F) lower respectively, and frost is at least five times as frequent.[12] On the highest ground, in the north of the moor, the growing season is less than 175 days – this contrasts with some 300 days along most of the south coast of the county.[12] Rainfall tends to be associated with Atlantic depressions or with convection. In summer, convection caused by solar surface heating sometimes forms shower clouds and a large proportion of rainfall falls from showers and thunderstorms at this time of year. The wettest months are November and December and on the highest parts of the moor the average annual total rainfall is over 2,000 millimetres (79 in). This compares with less than 800 millimetres (31 in) in the lower land to the east around the Exe Estuary, which is in the rain shadow of the moor. Due to the influence of the Gulf Stream
Gulf Stream
snowfall is not common, though due to its high altitude it is more vulnerable to snowfall than surrounding regions.[13] Between 1961 and 1990 Met Office
Met Office
data shows that there was an average of 20 days when snow fell on the moor, and over 40 days a year with hail, which is as high as anywhere else in the country. This results when cold polar maritime air that has travelled over a large expanse of warmer ocean is forced to rise over high country.[13] When average temperatures at Princetown
Princetown
between 1961 and 2000 are compared, the average annual temperature in the decade 1990–2000 was up by 0.2 °C (0.4 °F) and the late winter temperature increased by 0.5 °C (0.9 °F).[14] History[edit] Pre-history[edit] The majority of the prehistoric remains on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
date back to the late Neolithic
Neolithic
and early Bronze Age. Indeed, Dartmoor
Dartmoor
contains the largest concentration of Bronze Age
Bronze Age
remains in the United Kingdom, which suggests that this was when a larger population moved onto the hills of Dartmoor. The large systems of Bronze Age
Bronze Age
fields, divided by reaves, cover an area of over 10,000 hectares (39 sq mi) of the lower moors.[15] The climate at the time was warmer than today, and much of today's moorland was covered with trees. The prehistoric settlers began clearing the forest, and established the first farming communities. Fire was the main method of clearing land, creating pasture and swidden types of fire-fallow farmland. Areas less suited for farming tended to be burned for livestock grazing. Over the centuries these Neolithic
Neolithic
practices greatly expanded the upland moors, and contributed to the acidification of the soil and the accumulation of peat and bogs.[16] After a few thousand years the mild climate deteriorated leaving these areas uninhabited and consequently relatively undisturbed to the present day. The highly acidic soil has ensured that no organic remains have survived, but the durability of the granite has meant that the remains of buildings, enclosures and monuments have survived well, as have flint tools. It should be noted that a number of remains were "restored" by enthusiastic Victorians
Victorians
and that, in some cases, they have placed their own interpretation on how an area may have looked. Standing stones[edit]

Beardown Man, Dartmoor.

Numerous prehistoric menhirs (more usually referred to locally as standing stones or longstones), stone circles, kistvaens, cairns and stone rows are to be found on the moor. The most significant sites include:

Upper Erme stone row is the longest on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
and in fact in the world at 3,300 m (10,800 ft) Beardown Man, near Devil's Tor – isolated standing stone 3.5 m (11 ft 6 in) high, said to have another 1 m (3 ft 3 in) below ground. grid reference SX596796 Challacombe, near the prehistoric settlement of Grimspound
Grimspound
— triple stone row. grid reference SX689807 Drizzlecombe, east of Sheepstor
Sheepstor
village – stone rows, standing stones, kistvaens and cairns. grid reference SX591669 Grey Wethers, near Postbridge
Postbridge
— double circle, aligned almost exactly north south. grid reference SX638831 Laughter Tor, near Two Bridges — standing stone 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) high and two double stone rows, one 164 m (538 ft) long. grid reference SX652753 Merrivale, between Princetown
Princetown
and Tavistock
Tavistock
— includes a double stone row 182 m (597 ft) long, 1.1 m (3 ft 7 in) wide, aligned almost exactly east-west), stone circles and a kistvaen. grid reference SX554747 Scorhill (pronounced 'Scorill'), west of Chagford
Chagford
— circle, 26.8 m (88 ft) in circumference, and stone rows. grid reference SX654873 Shovel Down, north of Fernworthy reservoir — double stone row approximately 120 m (390 ft) long. grid reference SX660859 Yellowmead Down, a quadruple concentric stone circle and stone rows.

Hut circles and kistvaens[edit] There are also an estimated 5,000 hut circles still surviving although many have been raided over the centuries by the builders of the traditional dry stone walls. These are the remnants of Bronze Age houses. The smallest are around 1.8 m (6 ft) in diameter, and the largest may be up to five times this size. Some have L-shaped porches to protect against wind and rain; some particularly good examples are to be found at Grimspound. It is believed that they would have had a conical roof, supported by timbers and covered in turf or thatch. There are also numerous kistvaens, Neolithic
Neolithic
stone box-like tombs. The historical period[edit]

Ancient cross close to Crazywell Pool

The climate became wetter and cooler[clarification needed] over the course of a thousand years from around 1000 BC, resulting in much of high Dartmoor
Dartmoor
being largely abandoned by its early inhabitants. It was not until the early Mediaeval period that the weather again became warmer, and settlers moved back onto the moors. Like their ancient forebears, they also used the natural granite to build their homes, preferring a style known as the longhouse — some of which are still inhabited today, although they have been clearly adapted over the centuries. Many are now being used as farm buildings, while others were abandoned and fell into ruin. The earliest surviving farms, still in operation today, are known as the Ancient Tenements. Most of these date back to the 14th century and sometimes earlier. Some way into the moor stands the town of Princetown, the site of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Prison, which was originally built by Isbell Rowe & Company, Plymouth, for prisoners of war from the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
and the War of 1812. The prison has an incorrect reputation for being escape-proof, due to both the buildings themselves and its physical location. The Dartmoor
Dartmoor
landscape is scattered with the marks left by the many generations who have lived and worked there over the centuries – such as the remains of the Dartmoor tin-mining
Dartmoor tin-mining
industry, and farmhouses long since abandoned. Indeed, the industrial archaeology of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
is a subject in its own right. Myths and literature[edit]

Jay's Grave.

Dartmoor
Dartmoor
is known for its myths and legends. It is reputedly the haunt of pixies, a headless horseman, a mysterious pack of "spectral hounds", and a large black dog, among others. During the Great Thunderstorm of 1638, the moorland village of Widecombe-in-the-Moor was even said to have been visited by the Devil. Many landmarks have ancient legends and ghost stories associated with them, such as the allegedly haunted Jay's Grave, the ancient burial site of Childe's Tomb, the rock pile called Bowerman's Nose, and the stone crosses that mark former mediaeval routes across the moor. A few stories have emerged in recent decades, such as the "hairy hands", that are said to attack motorists on the B3212 near Two Bridges;[17] and the "Beast of Dartmoor", a supposed big cat.[18] Dartmoor
Dartmoor
has inspired a number of artists and writers, such as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in The Hound of the Baskervilles
The Hound of the Baskervilles
and The Adventure of Silver Blaze, R. D. Blackmore, Eden Phillpotts, Beatrice Chase, Agatha Christie, Rosamunde Pilcher, and the Reverend Sabine Baring-Gould. In Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, the fictional 1994 Quidditch World Cup final between Ireland and Bulgaria was hosted on the moor. Ownership and access[edit] Over half of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park (57.3%) is private land; the Forest of Dartmoor
Forest of Dartmoor
being the major part of this, owned by the Duke of Cornwall. The Ministry of Defence owns 14% (see below), 3.8% is owned by water companies (see Dartmoor
Dartmoor
reservoirs), 3.7% by the National Trust, 1.8% by the Forestry Commission
Forestry Commission
and 1.4% by Dartmoor's national park authority. About 37% of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
is common land.[19] Dartmoor
Dartmoor
differs from some other National Parks in England
England
and Wales, in that since the Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Commons Act 1985[20] much of it has been designated as 'Access Land', which, although it remains privately owned, has no restrictions on where walkers can roam. In addition to this Access Land, there are about 730 km (450 mi) of public rights of way on Dartmoor, and many kilometres of permitted footpaths and bridleways where the owner allows access.[21] Because of the 1985 Act, Dartmoor
Dartmoor
was largely unaffected by the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000, which established similar rights in other rural parts of the country, but in 2006, this Act opened up much of the remaining restricted land to walkers. Use by the Ministry of Defence[edit] See also: Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Training Area There is a tradition of military usage of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
dating back to the Napoleonic Wars. Today, a large British Army training camp remains at Okehampton
Okehampton
— also the site of an airbase during the Second World War. The Ministry of Defence (MoD) uses three areas of the northern moor for manoeuvres and live-firing exercises, totalling 108.71 km2 (41.97 sq mi),[1] or just over 11% of the National Park. Red and white posts mark the boundaries of these military areas (shown on Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
1:25,000 scale maps). Flagpoles on many tors in and around the ranges fly red flags when firing is taking place. At other times, members of the public are allowed access. Blank rounds may also be used, but the MoD does not notify the public of this in advance. Some "challenge" and charitable events take place with assistance of the military on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
including the long established Ten Tors
Ten Tors
event and the more recent Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Beast.[22] Dartmoor's fictional use as an MoD centre for animal testing called Baskerville was referenced in the BBC drama Sherlock episode "The Hounds of Baskerville". The disused Rippon Tor Rifle Range
Rippon Tor Rifle Range
was built to train soldiers during the Second World War, and remained in use until its closure in 1977.[23] Preservation[edit]

The clapper bridge at Postbridge.

Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Hill pony on Dartmoor.

Throughout human history, the landscape has been exploited for industrial purposes. In recent years, controversy has surrounded the work of industrial conglomerates Imerys
Imerys
and Sibelco (formerly Watts Blake Bearne), who have used parts of the moor for china clay mining. Licences were granted by the British Government
British Government
but were recently renounced after sustained public pressure from bodies such as the Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Preservation Association.[24] The British government has made promises to protect the integrity of the moor; however, the cost of compensating companies for these licences, which may not have been granted in today's political climate, could prove prohibitive.

The military use of the moor has been another source of controversy, such as when training was extended in January 2003. The national park authority received 1,700 objections before making the decision. Objectors claimed that Dartmoor
Dartmoor
should be an area for recreation, and that the training disturbs the peace. Those who objected included the Open Spaces Society
Open Spaces Society
and the Dartmoor Preservation Association. During her lifetime, Lady Sayer was another outspoken critic of the damage which she perceived that the army was doing to the moor. Towns and villages[edit]

A typical Dartmoor
Dartmoor
tor close to Haytor.

Dartmoor
Dartmoor
has a resident population of about 33,000,[1] which swells considerably during holiday periods with incoming tourists. The largest settlements within the National Park are Ashburton (the largest with a population of about 3,500), Buckfastleigh, Moretonhampstead, Princetown, Yelverton, Horrabridge, South Brent, Christow, and Chagford.[1] For a full list, expand the Settlements of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
navigational box at the bottom of this page. Landmarks[edit] See also: List of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
tors and hills

Ponies on Trendlebere Down

Sherwell Cross, near Corndon Tor. Venford Reservoir and Holne
Holne
Ridge centre right

Dartmoor
Dartmoor
cattle

Avon Dam Reservoir
Avon Dam Reservoir
– reservoir popular with walks and trout fishing Black Tor Beare (Black-a-Tor Copse) – remote woodland of stunted oaks over 305 m (1,001 ft) above sea level in West Okement valley Bowerman's Nose
Bowerman's Nose
– a tor said to be shaped like a nose Brentor
Brentor
Church – remote church 344 m (1,129 ft) high on crag at western edge of moor[25] Buckfast Abbey
Buckfast Abbey
– abbey near Buckfastleigh Burrator Reservoir – late Victorian reservoir Canonteign Falls
Canonteign Falls
– second highest waterfall in England Castle Drogo
Castle Drogo
– Edwardian faux castle built by Edwin Lutyens
Edwin Lutyens
on a crag above Teign
Teign
Gorge, Drewsteignton Childe's Tomb
Childe's Tomb
– ancient burial site Church House, South Tawton
South Tawton
– 15th century church ales house Cosdon Hill
Cosdon Hill
– prominent hill, northern extremity of moor, site of beacon fire for invasion warning Cranmere Pool
Cranmere Pool
– original letterbox site and location of the legend of Cranmere Binjie Crazywell Cross – ancient cross near Crazywell Pool Crazywell Pool
Crazywell Pool
– artificial lake Dartmeet
Dartmeet
– meeting point of East and West Dart Dartmoor Prison
Dartmoor Prison
– large prison Devonport Leat
Devonport Leat
– man-made water channel Devonport Leat
Devonport Leat
aqueduct – aqueduct over the River Meavy
River Meavy
just down from Raddick Hill Falls Duck's Pool – location of a memorial to local writer William Crossing Fernworthy Dam & Reservoir – granite-faced concrete dam and lake in Fernworthy Forest, near Chagford Fingle Bridge
Fingle Bridge
– a 17th-century crossing of the River Teign
Teign
near Chagford Great Links Tor
Great Links Tor
– dominant tor on north west scarp of moor Grey Wethers
Grey Wethers
– pair of ancient stone circles Grimspound
Grimspound
Bronze Age
Bronze Age
settlement Haytor
Haytor
Granite
Granite
Tramway – early tramway with stone rails; ran from quarries at Haytor
Haytor
to Stover Canal Haytor
Haytor
Rock – prominent tor and viewpoint between Bovey Tracey
Bovey Tracey
and Widecombe High Willhays
High Willhays
– highest point on Dartmoor Hound Tor
Hound Tor
– rugged tor with remains of Iron Age village Jay's Grave
Jay's Grave
– burial site Lustleigh
Lustleigh
Cleave – deep cleave on the Sticklepath
Sticklepath
Fault lined with trees and tors. Lydford Gorge
Lydford Gorge
– very deep and narrow gorge with waterfalls Meldon Reservoir & viaduct – 201 m (659 ft) wide and 45 m (148 ft) high concrete dam and Victorian iron bridge which itself is 165 m (541 ft) wide and 46 m (151 ft) high[26] Nuns Cross – ancient cross Powdermills, Cherrybrook – remains of gunpowder grinding mill near Two Bridges Rattlebrook railway – remains of horse-worked railway track to peat works near Great Links Tor Rippon Tor Rifle Range
Rippon Tor Rifle Range
– disused rifle range Scorhill stone circle – (pronounced 'Scorill') well-preserved circle of standing stones near Teign-e-ver, Gidleigh Skaigh Valley – narrow, wooded valley leading up on to moor at Belstone; on famous Sticklepath
Sticklepath
geological fault Spitchwick
Spitchwick
– a swimming spot where the River Webburn
River Webburn
joins the River Dart Staldon Stone Row – longest stone row on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
and potentially the world. Tavistock Canal
Tavistock Canal
– 19th-century canal Tavy Cleave – river gorge on western moor near Mary Tavy Teign-e-ver – confluence of North Teign
Teign
and Wallabrook; clapper bridges & tolmen stone Two Bridges – 18th-century coaching inn Warren House Inn
Warren House Inn
– highest inn in south west England Wheal Betsy – engine house of mine on Blackdown, Marytavy Widgery Cross – granite cross atop Brat Tor, memorial erected by Dartmoor
Dartmoor
artist William Widgery
William Widgery
to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
in 1887 Wistman's Wood
Wistman's Wood
– remote copse of stunted oaks in valley of West Dart near Two Bridges White Hart Hotel – historic 17th-century coaching inn in Moretonhampstead

Leisure activities[edit] Until the early 19th century Dartmoor
Dartmoor
was not considered to be a place worth visiting: in the 1540s John Leland wrote in his Itinerary that "Dartmore is muche a wilde Morish and forest Ground", and even by 1789 Richard Gough's opinion was that it is a "dreary mountainous tract".[27] At the turn of the 19th century John Swete was one of the first people to visit Dartmoor
Dartmoor
for pleasure and his journals and watercolour paintings now provide a valuable historical resource.[28] The oldest leisure pursuit on the moor is hill walking. William Crossing's definitive Guide to Dartmoor
Dartmoor
was published in 1909, and in 1938 a plaque and letterbox in his memory were placed at Duck's Pool on the southern moor. Parts of the Abbots Way, Two Moors Way
Two Moors Way
and the Templer Way are on Dartmoor.[29] Letterboxing originated on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
in the 19th century and has become increasingly popular in recent decades. Watertight containers, or 'letterboxes', are hidden throughout the moor, each containing a visitor's book and a rubber stamp. Visitors take an impression of the letterbox's rubber stamp as proof of finding the box and record their visit by stamping their own personal stamp in the letterbox's logbook. A recent related development is geocaching. Geocache clues make use of GPS coordinates, whereas letterboxing clues tend to consist of grid references and compass bearings. Whitewater kayaking
Whitewater kayaking
and canoeing are popular on the rivers due to the high rainfall and their high quality,[30] though for environmental reasons access is restricted to the winter months.[31] The River Dart is the most prominent meeting place, the section known as the Loop being particularly popular. Other white water rivers are the Erme, Tavy, Plym and Meavy. Other activities are rock climbing on the granite tors and outcrops, some of the well-known venues being Haytor, Hound Tor
Hound Tor
and The Dewerstone;[32] horse riding, which can be undertaken on any of the common land;[33] cycling (but not on open moorland);[34] and angling for wild brown trout, sea trout and salmon—although much of the river fishing on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
is privately owned, permits are available for some stretches.[35] Visitor centres[edit] The park's main visitor centre is located in Princetown
Princetown
and features exhibits about Dartmoor's history, culture and wildlife, as well as changing displays of local art. The visitor centres located in Postbridge
Postbridge
and Haytor
Haytor
feature information, maps, guidebooks and items for exploring the area. See also[edit]

Dartmoor Discovery Ultramarathon Race Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Preservation Association Dartmoor Way
Dartmoor Way
long-distance footpath Geology of the United Kingdom Haytor
Haytor
Granite
Granite
Tramway Museum of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Life Rock-cut basin
Rock-cut basin
The Tolmen stone

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g "General Information Factsheet". Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority. Archived from the original on 8 September 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2009.  ^ Durrance & Laming 1982, pp.86, 101 ^ Durrance & Laming 1982, p.88 ^ British Geological Survey 1997, Gravity Anomaly Map of Britain, Ireland and Adjacent Areas, Smith & Edwards 1:500k ^ Bradt, Hilary; Booth, Janice (2014). South Devon
Devon
& Dartmoor. Chalfont St Peter: Bradt. p. 222. ISBN 9781841625522.  ^ Ian Mercer: Bogs and Mires of Dartmoor, in Hunt & Wills 1977, p.16. ^ Sandles, Tim. "The Bogs & Mires of Dartmoor". Legendary Dartmoor. Retrieved 12 July 2009.  ^ Crossing, W, Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor
Dartmoor
1912 edition, published by Western Morning News Co. Ltd. ^ Brunsden, Denys; Gerrard, John (1970). "The Physical Environment of Dartmoor". In Crispin Gill. Dartmoor. A New Study. Newton Abbot: David and Charles. pp. 40–42. ISBN 0-7153-5041-2.  ^ Sandles, Tim. "Dartmoor's Notorious Fox Tor
Fox Tor
Mires". Legendary Dartmoor. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Milton 2006, p.2 ^ a b Webb 2006, p.30 ^ a b Webb 2006, p.31 ^ Webb 2006, pp.32–33 ^ " Prehistoric
Prehistoric
Dartmoor". Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2009.  ^ Role of anthropogenic fire and in creating moors, and moor-burning in sustaining them, described in Pyne 1997, pp. 348−369. ^ Sandles, Tim. "The Hairy Hands". Legendary Dartmoor. Retrieved 7 August 2010.  ^ Sandles, Tim. "The Legendary Beast of Dartmoor". Legendary Dartmoor. Archived from the original on 23 August 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2010.  ^ " Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Commons" (PDF). Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2008.  ^ Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Commons Act 1985 on the OPSI website ^ "Public Rights of Way". Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority. Archived from the original on 11 September 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2009.  ^ http://www.tentors.org.uk/challenge/about ^ http://www.heritagegateway.org.uk/Gateway/Results_Single.aspx?uid=MDV55113&resourceID=104 ^ Hedges, Mike (2004). "The 7th Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Society Debate: How Important is China Clay to Dartmoor?". The Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Society. Retrieved 8 June 2017.  ^ "ViaMichelin Travel. Panorama - Great Britain: The Michelin Green Guide". Viamichelin.com. 3 April 2008. Archived from the original on 6 May 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2010.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-12.  ^ Milton 2006, pp.19–20 ^ Milton 2006, p.36 ^ "Walking For All". Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority. Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2009.  ^ "South West England". UK Rivers Guidebook. Retrieved 18 April 2010.  ^ "Canoeing". Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority. Archived from the original on 23 June 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2009.  ^ "Climbing". Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority. Archived from the original on 14 July 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2009.  ^ "Horse Riding". Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority. Archived from the original on 17 July 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2009.  ^ "Cycling on road and off road". Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority. Archived from the original on 30 April 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2009.  ^ "Other Activities". Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority. Archived from the original on 17 July 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2009. 

Sources[edit]

Crossing, William Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, the 1912 edition reprinted with new introd. by Brian Le Messurier. Dawlish: David & Charles, 1965. Durrance, E. M.; Laming, D. J. (1982). The Geology of Devon. University of Exeter. ISBN 0-85989-247-6.  Hunt, P. J.; Wills, G. L. (eds) (1977), Devon
Devon
Wetlands, Exeter: Devon County Council ISBN 0-903849-19-4. Milton, Patricia (2006). The Discovery of Dartmoor, a Wild and Wondrous Region. Chichester: Phillimore. ISBN 1-86077-401-6.  Pyne, Stephen J. (1997) Vestal Fire: an Environmental History, Told through Fire, of Europe and Europe's Encounter with the World. University of Washington Press, Seattle ISBN 0-295-97596-2. Webb, Bruce (2006). "The Environmental Setting of Human Occupation". In Roger Kain. England's Landscape: The South West. London: Collins. pp. 30–33. ISBN 0-00-715572-7. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Dartmoor.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dartmoor.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Dartmoor

Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority Dartmoor
Dartmoor
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

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Ceremonial county of Devon

Devon
Devon
Portal

Unitary authorities

Plymouth Torbay

Boroughs or districts

Exeter East Devon Mid Devon North Devon Torridge West Devon South Hams Teignbridge

Major settlements

Ashburton Axminster Bampton Barnstaple Bideford Bovey Tracey Bradninch Brixham Buckfastleigh Budleigh Salterton Chagford Chudleigh Chulmleigh Crediton Cullompton Dartmouth Dawlish Exeter Exmouth Great Torrington Hartland Hatherleigh Holsworthy Honiton Ilfracombe Ivybridge Kingsbridge Kingsteignton Lynton Modbury Moretonhampstead Newton Abbot North Tawton Northam Okehampton Ottery St Mary Paignton Plymouth Plympton Salcombe Seaton Sidmouth South Molton Tavistock Teignmouth Tiverton Topsham Torquay Totnes See also: List of civil parishes in Devon

Rivers

Ashburn Avon Axe Barle Bovey Bray Burn Clyst Creedy Culm Dart East Dart West Dart Erme Exe Heddon Lemon Lew Lumburn Lyd East Lyn West Lyn Meavy Mole Okement East Okement West Okement Otter Plym Sid Swincombe Tamar Tavy Taw Teign Thrushel Torridge Walkham Wallabrooke East Webburn West Webburn Wolf Yealm

Topics

Flag Devon
Devon
County Council Parliamentary constituencies Economy Places Towns by population SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Bridges History Schools Museums Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Notable people Dartmoor Exmoor Jurassic Coast South West Coast Path North Devon's Biosphere Reserve

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National parks of the United Kingdom

England

Peak District
Peak District
(1951) Lake District
Lake District
(1951) Dartmoor
Dartmoor
(1951) North York Moors
North York Moors
(1952) Yorkshire Dales (1954) Exmoor
Exmoor
(1954) Northumberland (1956) The Broads‡ (1988) New Forest
New Forest
(2005) South Downs (2010)

Wales

Snowdonia
Snowdonia
(1951) Pembrokeshire Coast (1952) Brecon Beacons (1957)

Scotland

Loch Lomond and The Trossachs (2002) Cairngorms (2003)

Northern Ireland

Mourne Mountains†

Parentheses denote year of establishment as a National Park. An area with ‡ has similar status to a UK National Park. Areas marked † are proposed.

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Settlements of Dartmoor, Devon

Ashburton Belstone Bovey Tracey Brentor Bridestowe Buckfastleigh Buckland-in-the-Moor Chagford Drewsteignton Gidleigh Haytor Hexworthy Holne Ilsington Ivybridge Lustleigh Lydford Manaton Mary Tavy Moretonhampstead North Bovey Okehampton Peter Tavy Ponsworthy Postbridge Poundsgate Princetown Shaugh Prior Sheepstor Sourton South Brent South Tawton South Zeal Sticklepath Tavistock Walkhampton Widecombe-in-the-Moor Yelverton

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Rivers of Dartmoor, Devon, England

Ashburn Avon Bovey Dart East Dart West Dart East Okement East Webburn Erme Jordan Lemon Lyd Meavy Plym Swincombe Tavy Taw Teign Walkham West Okement

.