Darod clan
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The Darod ( so, Daarood, ar, دارود) is a
Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, D ...

Somali
clan. The forefather of this clan was Sheikh
Abdirahman bin Isma'il al-JabartiSheikh Abdirahman bin Isma'il al-Jabarti, (Arabic: عبدالرحمن بن اسماعيل الجبرتي) also known as Daarood, (Arabic:دارود) Dawud or Da'ud, is the common ancestor of the Somalis, Somali Darod clan. According to early Islamic ...
, more commonly known as ''Darood''. In
Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلاند ''Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd''), is a de facto sovereign s ...

Somaliland
the clan settle the eastern region of Sool while the clan has a presence in
Sanaag Sanag ( so, Sanaag, ar, سَنَاج) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in north eastern Somaliland.
and
Togdheer Togdheer ( so, Togdheer, ar, تُوْجْدَيْر, Tūjdayr) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in central Somaliland. Togdheer is bordered by Maroodi Jeex to the west, Sahil, Somaliland, Saaxil to ...

Togdheer
regions. In
Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script The Osmanya script ( so, Farta Cismaanya 𐒍𐒖𐒇𐒂𐒖 𐒋𐒘𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒒𐒕𐒖), also known as Far Soomaali (𐒍𐒖𐒇 𐒘𐒝𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒘, "Somali writing") and, in Arabic, as al-kitābah ...

Somalia
members of the clan settle in the federal member states of
Jubbaland Jubaland ( so, Jubbaland, ar, , it, Oltregiuba), the Juba Valley ( so, Dooxada Jubba) or Azania ( so, Asaaniya, ar, ), is a Federal Member State in southern Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒕𐒖; ar, ...

Jubbaland
and
Puntland Puntland ( so, Puntland, ar, أرض البنط, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda Federalkaa ee Puntland , ar, ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية), is a States and ...

Puntland
while the clan has an ancillary presence in pockets of the states of Koonfur-Galbeed and
Galmudug Galmudug (Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transc ...

Galmudug
. In
Ethiopia Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a in the . It shares borders with and to the north, to the northeast, to the east, to the south, to the west and to the . Ethiopia has a total area of and over ...

Ethiopia
the clan settles in the
Somali State
Somali State
region, whilst in
Kenya ) , national_anthem = "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (, ) is the national anthem of Kenya. History "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"'s lyrics were originally written in Swahili language, Kiswahili, the national language of Kenya ...

Kenya
they settle in the North Eastern Province. Perry–Castañeda Library Map Collection - N.B. Various authorities indicate that the Darod is one of the largest Somali clan

whereas others suggest that the
Hawiye The Hawiye ( so, Hawiye, ar, بنو هوية, it, Haouia, en, Hawiye) is a one of the largest Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushitic peoples, East Cushitic ethnic ...
is the largest Somali clan within Somali

The Darod clan is one of the largest Somali clans in the
Horn of Africa The Horn of Africa (HoA), also known as the Somali Peninsula, is a large peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a landform surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a mainland fr ...

Horn of Africa
.


Origins

According to early Islamic books and Somali tradition,
Aqeel Aqeel (Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transconti ...
Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib ( ar, أَبُو طَالِب ٱبْن عَبْد ٱلْمُطَّلِب '; ) Abu Talib means; The father of Talib, born ʿImrān () or ʿAbd Manāf (), was the leader of Banu Hashim, a clan of the Qurayshi tribe of ...
Al-Qurashi descendant
Abdirahman bin Isma'il al-JabartiSheikh Abdirahman bin Isma'il al-Jabarti, (Arabic: عبدالرحمن بن اسماعيل الجبرتي) also known as Daarood, (Arabic:دارود) Dawud or Da'ud, is the common ancestor of the Somalis, Somali Darod clan. According to early Islamic ...
(Darod), a son of the
Sufi Sufism ( ar, ٱلصُّوفِيَّة), also known as Tasawwuf (), is mysticism in Islam, "characterized ... y particularvalues, ritual practices, doctrines and institutions". It is variously defined as "Islamic mysticism",Martin Lings, ...

Sufi
Sheikh Isma'il al-Jabarti of the
Qadiriyyah The Qadiriyya ( ar, القادِرية, also transliterated Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus '' trans-'' + '' liter-'') in predictable ways, such as Greek ...
order, fled his homeland in the
Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula (; ar, شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, , "Arabian Peninsula" or , , "Island of the Arabs") is a peninsula of Western Asia, situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian Plate. At , the ...
after an argument with his uncle.Rima Berns McGown, ''Muslims in the diaspora'', (University of Toronto Press: 1999), pp.27-28 During the 10th or 11th century CE, Abdirahman is believed to have then settled in
Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلاند ''Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd''), is a de facto sovereign s ...

Somaliland
just across the
Red Sea The Red Sea ( ar, البحر الأحمر, translit=al-Baḥr al-ʾAḥmar; or ; Coptic Coptic may refer to: Afro-Asia * Copts, an ethnoreligious group mainly in the area of modern Egypt but also in Sudan and Libya * Coptic language, a Northe ...

Red Sea
and married
Dobira Dobira ( ar, دُومبِرَ بِنت دَغَالَ), also known as Dobira or Dombiro was a Somali historical figure, known for being the wife of the progenitor of the Darod The Darod ( so, Daarood, ar, دارود) is a Somali clan. The foref ...
, the daughter of the
Dir Dir, dir, or DIR may refer to: Acronyms * ''De Imperatoribus Romanis'', an online biographical encyclopedia of the Roman emperors from 27 BC to 1453 AD * Detroit International Riverfront, an area of Detroit, Michigan in the United States * Develop ...
clan chief. This union is said to have given rise to the Darod clan family. Thus, it established matrilateral ties with the
Samaale Samaale, also spelled Samali or Samale ( so, Samaale) is traditionally considered to be the oldest common forefather of several major Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushi ...
main stem. According to the British anthropologist and Somali Studies veteran
Ioan Lewis Ioan Myrddin Lewis FBAFBA may refer to: * Federation of British Artists * Federal Bar Association * Fellow of the British Academy * Filsports Basketball Association * First Baptist Academy (Houston, Texas), United States * First Baptist Academy o ...
, the traditions of descent from noble Arab families related to the
Prophet In religion Religion is a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware of it or not, and whether the exchange is voluntary/involu ...

Prophet
are most probably figurative expressions of the importance of
Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission
o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", "ah gawd"; see interjection An interjection is a word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses a spontaneous feeling o ...
) is an religion teaching that is a of .Peters, F. E. 2009. "Allāh." In , edited by J. L. Esposito. Oxford: . . (See alsoquick reference) " e Muslims' und ...
in Somali society. However, "there is a strong historically valid component in these legends which, in the case of the Darod, is confirmed in the current practice of a Dir representative officiating at the ceremony of installation of the chief of the Darod family." A similar clan mythology exists for the Sheikh Ishaq ibn Ahmad al-'Alawi, who are said to have descended from one
Sheikh Sheikh ( , ; ar, شيخ ' , mostly pronounced , plural The plural (sometimes abbreviated An abbreviation (from Latin ''brevis'', meaning ''short'') is a shortened form of a word or phrase, by any method. It may consist of a group of lett ...

Sheikh
Ishaq ibn Ahmad al-'Alawi, another
Banu Hashim ) , type = Banu Quraysh The Quraysh ( ar, قُرَيْشٌ, ) are a mercantile Arab tribe The Arabs (singular Arab ; singular ar, عَرَبِيٌّ, ISO 233: , Arabic pronunciation: , plural ar, عَرَبٌ, ISO 233: , Arabic p ...
who came to Somaliland around the same time.I.M. Lewis, ''A Modern History of the Somali'', fourth edition (Oxford: James Currey, 2002), p. 22 As with Sheikh Isaaq, there are also numerous existing hagiologies in Arabic which describe Sheikh Darod's travels, works and overall life in northern Somalia, as well as his movements in Arabia before his arrival. Besides historical sources such as
Al-Masudi Al-Mas'udi ( ar, أَبُو ٱلْحَسَن عَلِيّ ٱبْن ٱلْحُسَيْن ٱبْن عَلِيّ ٱلْمَسْعُودِيّ, '; –956) was an Historiography of early Islam, Arab historian, geographer and Explorer, traveler. He is ...
's ''Aqeeliyoon'', a modern ''manaaqib'' (a collection of glorious deeds) printed in
Cairo Cairo ( ; ar, القاهرة, al-Qāhirah, , : ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ) is the and of . The , with a population of 21.3 million, is the 2nd and in the , and the in the world. Cairo is associated with , as the famous and the ancient city of are ...

Cairo
in 1945 by Sheikh Ahmad bin Hussen bin Mahammad titled ''Manaaqib as-Sheikh Ismaa'iil bin Ibraahiim al-Jabarti'' also discusses Sheikh Darod and his proposed father Isma'il al-Jabarti, the latter of whom is reportedly buried in Bab Siham in the
Zabid District Zabid District ( ar, مُدِيْرِيَّة زَبِيد) is a Districts of Yemen, district of the Al Hudaydah Governorate in western Yemen. Overview The Yemeni Sufism, Sufi Sheikh Isma'il al-Jabarti of the Qadiriyyah order is buried in the Zabi ...
of western
Yemen ) , image_map = File:Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Sana'a (''Houthi takeover in Yemen, De jure'')Aden (Temporary capital Yemeni government, in exile) , coordinates = , capital_exile = ...

Yemen
.Lewis, ''A pastoral democracy'', p.131. Sheikh Darod's own tomb is in
HaylaanHaylaan is one of nine administrative provinces of Puntland Puntland ( so, Buntland, ar, أرض البنط, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda Puntland ee Soomaaliya, ar, ولاية ...
, situated in the
Sanaag Sanag ( so, Sanaag, ar, سَنَاج) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in north eastern Somaliland.
region of Somaliland, and is the scene of frequent
pilgrimage A pilgrimage is a journey, often into an unknown or foreign place, where a person goes in search of new or expanded meaning about their self, others, nature, or a higher good, through the experience. It can lead to a personal transformation, afte ...
s.Lewis, ''Peoples of the Horn of Africa'', p.18-19 Sheikh Isaaq is buried nearby in
Maydh Maydh (also transliterated as Mait or Meit) (, ) is an ancient port city in the eastern Sanaag region of Somaliland. History Antiquity According to Augustus Henry Keane Augustus Henry Keane (1833–1912) was an Irish Roman Catholic Roman or Ro ...

Maydh
, as is Sheikh Harti, a descendant of Sheikh Darod and the progenitor of the
Harti Harti ( so, Harti, ar, هرتي), meaning "strong man", is a Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushitic peoples, East Cushitic ethnic group native to the Horn of Afri ...
Darod sub-clan, whose tomb lies in the ancient town of Qa’ableh. Sheikh Darod's ''
mawlid Mawlid) and Maouloud The day is sometimes called Mawlid an-Nabi ( ar, مَولِد النَّبِي) and Eid Milad un-Nabi ( ar, مَولِد, translit=, lit=Birth f Muhammad}) is the observance of the birthday of the which is commemorated p ...
'' (birthday) is also celebrated every Friday with a public reading of his ''manaaqib''. The Darod were supporters of
Imam Imam (; ar, إمام '; plural: ') is an Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", "ah ...
Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi ( so, Axmed Ibraahim al-Qaasi or Ahmed Gurey, Harari: አህመድ ኢብራሂም አል-ጋዚ, ar, أحمد بن إبراهيم الغازي ; c. 1506 – 21 February 1543) was a Somali Imam Imam (; ar, إ ...
during his 16th century conquest of Abyssinia; especially the Harti, Marehan and Bartire sub-clans, who fought at Shimbra Kure, among other battles. In his medieval ''Futuh Al-Habash'' documenting this campaign, the chronicler Shihāb al-Dīn indicates that 300 Harti soldiers took part in Imam Ahmad's
Adal Sultanate The Adal Sultanate, or Kingdom of Adal or Awdal or Bar Sa'ad ad-din (alt. spelling ''Adel Sultanate'' , ''Awdal Sultanate''), was a Muslim Somalis, Somali kingdom and sultanate located in the Horn of Africa. It was founded by Sabr ad-Din II af ...

Adal Sultanate
army. He describes them as "famous among the infantry as stolid swordsmen" and "a people not given to yielding".


Lineage

Darod is believed to be the son of the famous Arabian Sheikh, Ismail bin Ibrahim Al-Jabarti, who is buried in the Zabid District of Yemen who is believed to have descendant of
Aqeel ibn Abi Talib Aqeel ibn Abi Talib ( ar, عَقِيل ٱبْن أَبِي طَالِب, ) was a sahaba, companion and first cousin of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He was known by the ''Kunya (Arabic), kunya'' Abu Yazid. He is also said to be the common a ...
who in turn hails from the
Quraysh The Quraysh ( ar, قُرَيْشٌ, ) were a grouping of Arab clans that historically inhabited and controlled the city of Mecca Mecca, officially Makkah al-Mukarramah () and commonly shortened to Makkah,Quran 48:22 ' () is the Holy site ...
, a historically significant Arab tribe that the final prophet of Islam,
Muhammed ) , birth_date = , birth_place = , death_date = , death_place = , resting_place = , resting_place_coordinates = , nationality = , other_names = , years_active = , notable ...

Muhammed
hails from. In 2009, former
President of Somalia President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) *President (education), a leader of a college or university *President (government title) President may also refer to: Automobiles * Nissan President, a 1966–2010 Japanese full- ...
,
Abdullahi Yusuf Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed ( so, Cabdullaahi Yuusuf Axmed, ar, عبدالله يوسف أحمد‎; 15 December 1934 – 23 March 2012) was a Somalis, Somali politician and former Colonel in the Somali National Army. He was one of the founders of t ...
visited the grave of Ismail bin Ibrahim Al-Jabarti in Yemen According to many
medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ...

medieval
and modern Islamic historians, Darod is descended from Aqeel ibn Abi Talib, the cousin of Muhammad and brother of Ali ibn Abi Talib. An ancient Islamic history book, called ''Aqeeliyoon'' by Al-Masudi, talks in detail about the descendants of Aqeel ibn Abi Talib, wherein Darod is also mentioned. The book gives Sheikh Darod's lineage as Abdirahmaan Bin Ismaa'iil Bin Ibraahim Bin Abdirahmaan Bin Muhammed Bin Abdi Samad Bin Hanbal Bin Mahdi Bin Ahmed Bin Abdalle Bin Muhammed Bin Aqail Bin Abu-Talib Bin Abdul-Mutalib Bin Hashim Bin Qusaya. According to ''Allaa'i Alsuniyah Fi Al-Aqab Al-Aqeeliyah'' (2006) by Ahmed bin Ali Al-Rajihi Al-Aqeeli, the lineage of Sheikh Darod/Da'ud is: "Da'ud ibn Ismail ibn Ibrahim ibn Abdulsamad ibn Ahmed ibn Abdallah ibn Ahmed Ibn Ismail ibn Ibrahim ibn Abdallah ibn Isma'il ibn Ali ibn Abdallah ibn Muhammad ibn Hamid ibn Abdallah ibn Ibrahim ibn Ali ibn Ahmed ibn Abdallah ibn Muslim ibn Abdallah ibn Muhammad ibn Aqeel ibn Abi-Talib Al-Hashimi Al-Qurashi". Al-Aqeeli adds that Sheikh Isma'il's sons include Abi-Bakar, Da'ud, Ahmad and Abdulsamad, whose other offspring inhabit the
Hadhramaut Hadhramaut ( ar, حَضْرَمَوْتُ \ حَضْرَمُوتُ, Ḥaḍramawt / Ḥaḍramūt; Hadramautic: 𐩢𐩳𐩧𐩣𐩩, ''Ḥḍrmt'') is a region in South Arabia, mostly in present-day eastern Yemen ) , image_map = File:Ye ...
and Mahra regions in
Southern Arabia South Arabia also known as Greater Yemen is a historical region Historical regions (or historical areas) are geographic areas which at some point in time had a cultural Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior an ...
.


Distribution

The Darood are believed to be a large Somali clan both in terms of population size and land inhabitation. The Darood constitute a big presence in the
Somali Region The Somali Region ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, ሱማሌ ክልል, ar, المنطقة الصومالية), also known as Soomaali Galbeed (''Somali West'') is a regional state A regional state or a regionalised unitary state, is ...

Somali Region
of Ethiopia and are also the largest Somali clan in North Eastern Province of Kenya. Within Somalia, the Darood are also one of the largest clans, with traditional strongholds in the north, modern day
Puntland Puntland ( so, Puntland, ar, أرض البنط, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda Federalkaa ee Puntland , ar, ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية), is a States and ...

Puntland
state which is dominated by the
Harti Harti ( so, Harti, ar, هرتي), meaning "strong man", is a Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushitic peoples, East Cushitic ethnic group native to the Horn of Afri ...

Harti
subclan of Darood. In addition, the
Marehan The Marehan ( so, Mareexaan, ar, مريحان, ''Marehan bin Ahmed bin Abdirahman bin Is'mail bin Ibrahim al Jaberti'') is a Somali clan family, part of one of the largest Somali clan-families — the Darod. The clan is one of the largest con ...
,
Ogaden Ogaden (pronounced and often spelled ''Ogadēn''; so, Ogaadeen, am, ውጋዴን) is one of the historical names given to the modern Somali Region The Somali Regional State ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, የሶማሌ ክልል, a ...
, Jidwaaq, and
Harti Harti ( so, Harti, ar, هرتي), meaning "strong man", is a Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushitic peoples, East Cushitic ethnic group native to the Horn of Afri ...
Darod members are also settled further down south in the
Gedo Gedo ( so, Gedo, Maay Maay, Maay: ''Gethy'', ar, جيذو, it, Ghedo or ''Ghedu'') is an administrative region (''States and regions of Somalia, gobol'') in Jubaland, southern Somalia. Its regional capital is Garbahaarreey. It was created in 1 ...

Gedo
region as well as the
Middle Jubba Middle Juba ( so, Jubbada Dhexe, ar, جوبا الأوسط, it, Medio Giuba) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somalia, gobol'') in southern Somalia. With its capital at Bu'aale, it is located in the States and regions o ...
and Lower Jubba regions of Somalia. The Darood in Somalia, roughly corresponds to the Darood's settled within the
Jubbaland Jubaland ( so, Jubbaland, ar, , it, Oltregiuba), the Juba Valley ( so, Dooxada Jubba) or Azania ( so, Asaaniya, ar, ), is a Federal Member State in southern Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒕𐒖; ar, ...

Jubbaland
and
Puntland Puntland ( so, Puntland, ar, أرض البنط, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda Federalkaa ee Puntland , ar, ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية), is a States and ...

Puntland
states. In
Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلاند ''Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd''), is a de facto sovereign s ...

Somaliland
the Darood settle the eastern Sool,
Sanaag Sanag ( so, Sanaag, ar, سَنَاج) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in north eastern Somaliland.
regions and the Buhoodle district of
Togdheer Togdheer ( so, Togdheer, ar, تُوْجْدَيْر, Tūjdayr) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in central Somaliland. Togdheer is bordered by Maroodi Jeex to the west, Sahil, Somaliland, Saaxil to ...

Togdheer
Major Darood Settlements within Somalia include
Galkacyo Galkayo ( so, Gaalkacyo, ar, جالكعيو, also known in Italian as Gallacaio or formerly Rocca LittorioDr Badal Kariye Ba Bsit Ma Mba & Phd, ''The Kaleidoscopic Lover: The Civil War in the Horn of Africa & My Itinerary for a Peaceful Lover'', ...
, Kismaayo, Bosaso, and Garowe. Darood are also the largest clan in Jigjiga in Ethiopia, and Garissa in Northern Kenya.


Nobility

The Darod clan has produced numerous nobility, noble Somali men and women over the centuries, including many Sultans. Traditionally, the Darod population was mostly concentrated in the northern and northeastern cities on the Gulf of Aden and upper Indian Ocean coast in the
Horn of Africa The Horn of Africa (HoA), also known as the Somali Peninsula, is a large peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a landform surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a mainland fr ...

Horn of Africa
. Darod noble men ruled these settlement pockets until the European colonial powers changed the political dynamics of Somalia during the late 19th century. Before many Darods began pushing southward in the mid-1850s, the Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo held steadfast in solidly established posts from Alula to Hobyo.


Clan tree

There is no clear agreement on the clan and sub-clan structures and many lineages are omitted. The following listing is based upon the World Bank's ''Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics'' from 2005 and the United Kingdom's Home Office publication, ''Somalia Assessment 2001''.Country Information and Policy Unit, Home Office, Great Britain, Somalia Assessment 2001, Annex B: Somali Clan Structure
, p. 43
*Darod (Daarood) **Geri Kombe **Harla **Sade ***(
Marehan The Marehan ( so, Mareexaan, ar, مريحان, ''Marehan bin Ahmed bin Abdirahman bin Is'mail bin Ibrahim al Jaberti'') is a Somali clan family, part of one of the largest Somali clan-families — the Darod. The clan is one of the largest con ...
) ****Reer Dini ****Reer Hassan ****Eli Dheere **Tenade *** Leelkase, Leelkaase **Yusuf ***Awrtable **Kabalah ***Absame clan, Absame ****
Ogaden Ogaden (pronounced and often spelled ''Ogadēn''; so, Ogaadeen, am, ውጋዴን) is one of the historical names given to the modern Somali Region The Somali Regional State ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, የሶማሌ ክልል, a ...
*****Makabul *****Mohamed Zubeir *****Aulihan **** Jidwaaq *****Bartire *****Abaskuul *****Yabare ***
Harti Harti ( so, Harti, ar, هرتي), meaning "strong man", is a Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushitic peoples, East Cushitic ethnic group native to the Horn of Afri ...
****Dishishe (Dishishe) ****Warsangali (Warsengeli) ****Majeerteen (Mijerteen) *****Wabeeneeye *****Reer Biciidyahaan *****Siwaaqroon *****Ali Saleeban *****ugaar saleeban *****Mahamoud Saleeban ******Omar Mahmud ******Issa Mahmud ******Osman Mahmoud ****Dhulbahante (Dolbahante) *****Mohamud Garaad ******Jama Siad ******Ugadhyahan *****Farah Garaad ******Baharsame ******Barkad ******Ahmed Garaad *****Abdi Garaad ******Khayr Abdi ****** Omar Abdi In the south central part of Somalia the World Bank shows the following clan tree: *Darood **Kablalah ***Kombe ***Kumade **Isse **Sade (clan), Sade ***
Marehan The Marehan ( so, Mareexaan, ar, مريحان, ''Marehan bin Ahmed bin Abdirahman bin Is'mail bin Ibrahim al Jaberti'') is a Somali clan family, part of one of the largest Somali clan-families — the Darod. The clan is one of the largest con ...
***Facaye **Awrtable **Leelkase (Lelkase) One tradition maintains that Darod had one daughter .


Darod's tomb

Darod is buried in an old town called
HaylaanHaylaan is one of nine administrative provinces of Puntland Puntland ( so, Buntland, ar, أرض البنط, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda Puntland ee Soomaaliya, ar, ولاية ...
near Badhan, Sanaag, Badhan in the north-eastern
Sanaag Sanag ( so, Sanaag, ar, سَنَاج) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in north eastern Somaliland.
region of
Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script The Osmanya script ( so, Farta Cismaanya 𐒍𐒖𐒇𐒂𐒖 𐒋𐒘𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒒𐒕𐒖), also known as Far Soomaali (𐒍𐒖𐒇 𐒘𐒝𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒘, "Somali writing") and, in Arabic, as al-kitābah ...

Somalia
. His wife
Dobira Dobira ( ar, دُومبِرَ بِنت دَغَالَ), also known as Dobira or Dombiro was a Somali historical figure, known for being the wife of the progenitor of the Darod The Darod ( so, Daarood, ar, دارود) is a Somali clan. The foref ...
is buried just outside the town. The surrounding buildings and the mosque near the tomb was built by the former president of Somalia
Abdullahi Yusuf Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed ( so, Cabdullaahi Yuusuf Axmed, ar, عبدالله يوسف أحمد‎; 15 December 1934 – 23 March 2012) was a Somalis, Somali politician and former Colonel in the Somali National Army. He was one of the founders of t ...
. Darod is believed to be the son of the famous Arabian Sheikh, Ismail bin Ibrahim Al-Jabarti, who is buried in the Zabid District of Yemen. Tradition holds that he is descended from the Banu Hashim. In 2009, former
President of Somalia President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) *President (education), a leader of a college or university *President (government title) President may also refer to: Automobiles * Nissan President, a 1966–2010 Japanese full- ...
,
Abdullahi Yusuf Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed ( so, Cabdullaahi Yuusuf Axmed, ar, عبدالله يوسف أحمد‎; 15 December 1934 – 23 March 2012) was a Somalis, Somali politician and former Colonel in the Somali National Army. He was one of the founders of t ...
visited the grave of Ismail bin Ibrahim Al-Jabarti in Yemen Sheikh Darod's mawlid (birthday) is celebrated every Friday with a public reading of his manaqib and passages in the Quran.


Sons of Sheikh Darod Ismail

*Ahmed bin Abdirahman: Sade Darood *Muhammad bin Abdirahman: Kablalax Darood *Hussien bin Abdirahman: Tanade Darod *Yousuf bin Abdirahman: Awrtable Darood *Eissa bin Abdirahman: Cisse Darood


Notable Darod people


Royalty

*Ali Yusuf Kenadid, Majerteen, Last Sultan of the Sultanate of Hobyo *Mohamoud Ali Shire, Warsangeli, Sultan of former "British Somaliland" (1897–1960) *Ugas Yasin Ugas Abdurahman former ruler of Bosaso


Rulers

*Garaad Wiil-Waal Airport, Garaad Wiil-Waal Liberated Jigjiga from the Oromo invaders in the 1700s *Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, Ogaden, the Sayyid / ''Mad Mullah''; religious and nationalist leader of the Dervish movement (Somali), Dervish movement; *Nur ibn Mujahid, Marehan, second Conqueror of Ethiopia and the Patron Saint of Harar was one of rulers of parts of the Horn of Africa. *Siad Barre, Marehan, third President of Somalia, 1969–1991, Leader of the most successful part of Somalia's history


Inventors and founders

*Osman Yusuf Kenadid, Majerteen, Inventor of the Osmanya Script. *Shire Jama Ahmed, Marehan, inventor of the Somali script *Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf, Majeerteen, first President of Somali National Assembly; former Minister of Health and Labor of Somalia (1966–67)


Lawyers and legislators

*Burale, Ahmed Sheikh Ali Ahmed, Marehan former President of Court of Appeal, Somali Democratic Republic. *Ahmed Hussen, Majeerteen, Minister of Immigration of Canada *Abdulqawi Yusuf, Majerteen, prominent Somali international lawyer and president on the International Court of Justice. *Ilhan Omar, Majerteen, Member of the Minnesota House of Representatives *Mohamud Ali Magan, Marehan, Somali Foreign Affairs, Consul General to Unites States Of America and Canada *Amina Mohamed, Dhulbahante, former Chairman of the International Organization for Migration and the World Trade Organisation's General Council *Yusuf Mohamed Ismail, Majeerteen, former Ambassador of Somalia to the United Nations Human Rights Office in Geneva


Writers and musicians

*Aadan Carab, Dhulbahante, poet who narrated the Dhulbahante genocide at the hands of European colonialists in the Darawiish era *Yamyam, Abdulkadir Hersi Siyad ''Yamyam'', Marehan, was a Somali poet and playwright. *Ahmed Farah Ali, Ahmed Farah Ali ''Idaaja'', Marehan, one of the first Somali language writers and "father" of the Somali written folklore *Nuruddin Farah, Ogaden, World-famous Somali novelist *Ahmed Rasta, Marehan, singer. Knicknamed Boqorka Codka (King of Voice.) *Aar Maanta, Ogaden, Somali-British singer-songwriter, actor, composer, instrumentalist and music producer. *Mohamed Nuur Giriig, Warsangeli, Classical Singer. (1935 - 2002) *Saado Ali Warsame, Dhulbahante, singer-songwriter and former MP in the Federal Parliament of Somalia *Faarax Maxamed Jaamac Cawl, Warsangeli, writer *:so:Careys Ciise Karshe, Careys Ciise Kaarshe, Awrtable, poet.


Military leaders and personnel

*Faarax Qarshe, Darawiish governor of Bah Udgoon *Adan Ali Gurey, Dhulbahante, commander of Golaweyne *Suleiman Aden Galaydh, Dhulbahante Darawiish commander at Cagaarweyne *Haji Yusuf Barre, Dhulbahante, commander of the biggest battle in Darawiish history, i.e. Jidbali; made the last stand at Taleh *Yusuf Agararan, Dhulbahante, led most successful Darawiish raid since Dul Madoba *Ibraahin Xoorane, Dhulbahante, Darawiish commander who killed Richard Corfield *Axmed Aarey, Dhulbahante, Darawiish artillery commander who abetted Richard Corfield's death *Afqarshe Ismail, Dhulbahante, former Darawiish spokesman-poet; first person to die in an airstrike in Africa *Nur Hedik, Dhulbahante, commander of the Dooxato (Darawiish cavalry) who had a Shiikhyaale regiment named after him *Abdulkadir Sheikh Dini, Marehan, Former minister of defence of Somalia *Abdullahi Anod, Marehan, Former Head Commander of Somali Military Forces *Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan, Majeerteen, Defense Minister Under The Siad Barre Government *Yusuf Osman Dhumal, Marehan, Former Head Commander of Somali Military Forces *Abdirizak Haji Hussein, Majeerteen, former Prime Minister of Somalia, and former Secretary General of the Somali Youth League. *Barre Adan Shire Hiiraale, Marehan, Former minister of defence of Somalia, Head Jubba Valley Alliance *Jama Ali Korshel, Warsangeli, Somali Army General, former Head of Somali Police and one of the leaders of 1969 coup d'état of Somalia *Ahmed Warsame, Marehan, Head of the Somali Military Academy. *Abdullahi Ahmed Jama, Warsangeli, Former Minister of Justice and 1977 Ogaden War Veteran *Mohamed Abshir Muse, Majerteen, First Commander of the Somali Police Force *Bashir Abdi Mohammed "Ameeriko", Majerteen, current Somali federal government police force commander *General Mohamed Hussien Daa'ud "Xiirane", Awrtable, a High Commanding General in the Ogaden War


Politicians

*Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Farmajo), Marehan, Current President of Somalia *Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Majeerteen, former List of Presidents of Somalia, President of Somalia, First President and founding father of
Puntland Puntland ( so, Puntland, ar, أرض البنط, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda Federalkaa ee Puntland , ar, ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية), is a States and ...

Puntland
*Abdirahman Omar Mohamed (Dr. Cunaaye), Awrtable, was the Former Director of Benaadir Regional Medical, Public Health, and Epidemiology Services *Abdi Farah Shirdon, Marehan, former Prime Minister of Somalia *Hirsi Bulhan Farah Majeerteen, former Minister in the civilian government of the 1960s, political prisoner and Pan-Somalist. *Aden Ibrahim Aw Hirsi, Marehan, Author, Politician - Former minister of planning of Jubaland state of Somalia. *Abdirashid Shermarke, Majeerteen, second President of Somalia, 1967–1969 *Mohamed Aden Sheikh, Marean premier Somali intellectual and former head of Somali Technological Development, Minister of Information, Minister of Education, Head of the Ideology Bureau SRRC *Omar Haji Massale, Marehan, Former minister of defence of Somalia *Abdiweli Gaas, Majeerteen Current President of Puntland *Abdi Shire Warsame, Marehan, former Somali Ambassador to Kenya and China and Former Foreign Affairs State minister in Transitional National Government *Ahmed Mohamed Islam(Axmed Madoobe), Ogaden, President of Jubbaland State of Somalia *Abdiwahid Gonjeh, Marehan, Former Prime minister of Somalia, member of upper house *Ahmed Elmi Osman (Karaash), Dhulbahante, Minister of Interior of Puntland and former President of Khatumo State *Fatimo Isaak Bihi, Marehan, first Somali female ambassador, Ambassador to Geneva, Director of the African Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs *Abdiasis Nur Hersi, Awrtable, the former Minister of Labor and Sports from 1970-1977 *Abdi Mohamoud Omar, Ogaden, President of Somali region of Ethiopia *Mohamed Abdi Yusuf, Awrtable, Former Prime Minister of Somalia *Abdulahi Sheik Ismael Fara-Tag, Member of sen of upper house *Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar, Dhulbahante, Vice President of Puntland *Ahmed Mohamed Hassan, Marehan, Member of the Pan-African Parliament from Djibouti *Abdirahman Farole, Majeerteen, Former President of Puntland *Abdirizak Haji Hussein, Majeerteen, former Prime Minister of Somalia, and former Secretary General of the Somali Youth League. *Abdirizak Jurile, Dishiishe, Veteran politician, Diplomat & Professor. Former TFG minister of planning & International Cooperation, Former MP, former Executive director of numerous UN and International organisations, Senator *Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed, Marehan, Former Prime Minister of Somalia *Omar Sharmarke, Majeerteen, Prime Minister of Somalia, and son of Abdirashid Ali Shermarke *Abdulkadir Abdi Hashi, Leelkase, State Minister of the Presidency for Planning and International Relations of Puntland *Farah Ali Jama, Majeerteen, former Minister of Finance of Puntland *Abdulahi Bille Nour, Dishiishe, Somali State Minister of Education, Cultural & Higher Education, One of Somali longest serving national MPs. *Abdulrahman Jama Barre, Marehan, former Foreign Minister of Somalia and close relative of Siad Barre *Shukran Hussein Gure, Ogaden, MP for Garissa County *Jabir Mohamed Abdi is the current State Ministry of Education (Somalia), Minister of Education of the Federal Government of Somalia *Said Mohamed Rage, Dishiishe, Founder of Puntland Counter-piracy Agency and Puntland Minister of Ports, Marine Transportation and Marine Resource *Farah Maalim, Ogaden, Deputy Speaker in the Parliament of Kenya *Cabbaas Xuseen, Dhulbahante, first prime minister of the Darawiish (1895 - 1900) *Xaashi Suni Fooyaan, Dhulbahante, peace-time prime minister of the Darawiish (1905-1906)


Engineers

*Asli Hassan Abade, Ogaden, First Ever African Female Military Pilot *Ali Matan Hashi, Marehan, first Somali pilot, commander of Somali Airforce 1959–1978, Minister of Justice, Minister of Health, Somali Nationalist. *Ali Meggar, Darawiish naval commander


Athletes

*Abdi Bile, Dhulbahante, former middle-distance runner and 1500m world champion in 1987.


Other

*Iman (model), Majeerteen, a supermodel, actress and entrepreneur *Fatima Jibrell, Dhulbahante, Somali-American environmentalist *Haji Mohamed Yasin Ismail, Majeerteen, entrepreneur and presidential candidate *Hirsi Magan Isse, Majeerteen, scholar and one of the leaders of the Somalian revolution *Nathif Jama Adam, Ogaden, Governor of Garissa County and former Head of the Sharjah Islamic Bank's Investments & International Banking Division *Abdirahman Nur Hersi, Awrtable, The former Minister of Finance in Somalia and founding member and executive Vice President of the Islamic Development Bank


Notes


References

*Hunt, John A. (1951).
Chapter IX: Tribes and Their Stock
. ''A General Survey of the Somaliland Protectorate 1944–1950''. London: Crown Agent for the Colonies. Accessed on October 7, 2005 (from Civic Webs Virtual Library archive). *Lewis, I.M. (1955). ''Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar, and Saho, Part 1'', London: International African Institute. *Lewis, I. M. (1961). ''A pastoral democracy: a study of pastoralism and politics among the Northern Somali of the Horn of Africa'', reed. Münster: LIT Verlag, 1999. *


Further reading

*


External links


The Historic Manuscripts of Abdirahman bin Ismail Al-Jabarti (Da'ud/Darod)
{{Somali clans Darod, Somali clans Somali clans in Ethiopia