Dara Petak or Dara Pethak, also known in her formal name as
Indreswari, was the consort of King Kertarajasa Jayawardhana, the
Majapahit kingdom. She was a Malay
Sumatra and the only non-Javanese wife of Kertarajasa, and also
the mother of Jayanegara, the second monarch of Majapahit. Tradition
mentioned her as a woman of exceptional beauty.
The name Dara Pethak in old Malay means "white dove", while her other
name Indreswari in Sanskrit means "the consort of Indra" and it was
acquired after her marriage to
Majapahit first king.
She was the daughter of King Srimat Tribhuwanaraja Mauliawarmadewa of
Dharmasraya Kingdom in Sumatra, and was sent to Java to be presented
Singhasari King. This Sumatran kingdom was held as vassal of
Singhasari in 1286. According to Pararaton, ten days after the
expulsion of Mongol forces from Java, the
Pamalayu expedition led by
Mahisa Anabrang returned to Java. The expedition was sent by
Kertanegara in 1275 to conquer Sumatra. The returning
Javanese troops brought two Malay princesses,
Dara Jingga and Dara
Petak to be presented for Kertanagara.
The two princesses was originally intended for Kertanagara, however
Singhasari King has died, his heir
Raden Wijaya took Dara
Petak in hand of marriage instead, while her sister
Dara Jingga was
bethroted to Adwayabrahma (Mahisa Anabrang), a
Singhasari general that
led the Sumatran expedition in 1286.
Become king's consort
Dara Petak cleverly pleases the king, won his
favour and subsequently become the king's favourite consort. She
acquired the title Stri tinuheng pura, or the most honored wife in the
palace. According to Nagarakretagama,
Raden Wijaya already has four
wives, Tribhuwaneswari, Prajnaparamita, Narendra Duhita, and Gayatri
Rajapatni; all of them are
Singhasari princesses, the daughter of
Kertanagara. According to Pararaton,
Dara Petak was promoted to
honorable title because she was the only wife that produced male heir
for the king, prince Jayanegara. According to Nagarakretagama, the
name of Jayanagara's mother is Indreswari, so it is assumed that this
was the new official name of
Dara Petak after her marriage to the
In Kertarajasa inscription (1305),
Jayanegara was mentioned as the son
of Tribhuwaneswari, the prime queen and first wife of Raden Wijaya. To
reconcile these records, historian suggested that
Jayanegara is the
son of Indreswari or
Dara Petak that later being adopted by the
childless queen consort Tribhuwaneswari, in order to be promoted as
the heir of the throne.
Jayanegara become the successor of King
Poesponegoro & Notosusanto (ed.). 1990. Sejarah Nasional Indonesia
Jilid II. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.
Slamet Muljana. 2005. Menuju Puncak Kemegahan (terbitan ulang 1965).
Slamet Muljana. 1979.
Nagarakretagama dan Tafsir Sejarahnya. Jakar