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TANZAN SHRINE (談山神社, Tanzan-jinja), also known as the DANZAN SHRINE, the TōNOMINE SHRINE (多武峯社, Tōnomine-sha) and the TōNOMINE TEMPLE (多武峯寺, Tōnomine-ji), is a Shinto
Shinto
shrine in Sakurai , Nara Prefecture
Nara Prefecture
, Japan
Japan
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Structures * 3 Kemari
Kemari
Matsuri * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Gallery * 7 External links

HISTORY

The shrine traces its origin to a Tendai
Tendai
temple built in the Asuka period (538 – 710) called Tōnomine-ji, built by the monk Jo\'e (643 – 666). Jo'e was the oldest son of Fujiwara no Kamatari
Fujiwara no Kamatari
(614 – 669), founder of the Fujiwara clan
Fujiwara clan
. Jo'e located the temple on Tōnomine , a peak of on the southern side of Mount Goharetsu (619 metres (2,031 ft)). Jo'e moved the remains of Kamatari to a 13-story pagoda on the site. The emperors Daigo (884 – 930) and Go-Hanazono (1419 – 1471) attached special reverence to the temple, and bestowed it with various honorifics.

Under shinbutsu-shūgō , a system of syncretism of Buddhism
Buddhism
and kami worship, the site was both a Shinto
Shinto
shrine and a Buddhist temple. The Tanzan Shrine
Tanzan Shrine
and Tōnomine-ji coexisted on the same site. Tōnomine-ji had two subtemples located within its precincts, Myōraku-ji and Shōryō-in (聖霊院). The shrine received significant financial support from the Tokugawa bakufu during the Edo period (1603 – 1868).

During the anti-Buddhist shinbutsu bunri movement after the Meiji Restoration of 1868 Tanzan Shrine
Tanzan Shrine
was designated solely as a Shinto shrine dedicated to the worship of the kami of Fujiwara no Kamatari. The Buddhist structures of the shrine were rededicated as Shinto structures. Under the Modern system of ranked Shinto
Shinto
Shrines , the Tanzan Shrine
Tanzan Shrine
was designated a bekkaku kanreisha in 1874, an Imperial shrine of special status. The shrine lost this designation after the abolition of the ranked shrine system after World War II
World War II
.

STRUCTURES

The present thirteen-story wooden pagoda was built in 1532, and is a reconstruction of the structure built by Jo'e in the Asuka Period. The pagoda is designated an Important Cultural Properties of Japan
Japan
. The honden , or main hall, is built in the Kasuga-zukuri style. It is dedicated to Fujiwara no Kamatari.

KEMARI MATSURI

A Kemari
Kemari
Matsuri , or kickball festival, is held every year on April 29 and the second Sunday in November. On this day, people in ancient costumes and arranged in a circle play a form of football in which they kick a ball made of deerskin to each other.

SEE ALSO

* For an explanation of terms concerning Japanese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhist art, and Japanese Buddhist temple architecture, see the Glossary of Japanese Buddhism
Buddhism
.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D "談山神社" . Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC
OCLC
56431036 . Retrieved 2012-09-05. * ^ A B "談山神社" . Kokushi Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC
OCLC
683276033 . Retrieved 2012-09-05. * ^ A B C "談山神社" . Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC
OCLC
153301537 . Retrieved 2012-09-04. * ^ A B "談山神社" . Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC
OCLC
173191044 . dlc 2009238904. Retrieved 2012-09-05. * ^ "定恵" . Kokushi Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC
OCLC
683276033 . Retrieved 2012-09-05. * ^ "多武峰" . Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC