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The Info List - Danthonioideae


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Danthonioideae is a mainly southern hemisphere subfamily of grasses, containing the single tribe Danthonieae and three unplaced genera, with altogether roughly 300 species.[1] It includes herbaceous to partially woody perennial or annual (less common) grasses that grow in open grasslands, shrublands, and woodlands.[2] It belongs to the PACMAD clade of grasses, but unlike some other lineages in that clade, grasses in the Danthonioideae exclusively use the C3 photosynthetic pathway.[3] Its sister group is the subfamily Chloridoideae.[3] There are 20 genera, 17 of which are placed in tribe Danthonieae, while three are as yet unplaced (incertae sedis).[1] The relationships within the group are complicated; conflicting phylogenetic evidence from nuclear and chloroplast DNA suggests that hybridisation events played an important role in the Danthonioideae.[4]

incertae sedis:

Alloeochaete, Danthonidium, Phaenanthoecium

tribe Danthonieae:

Austroderia, Capeochloa, Chaetobromus, Chimaerochloa, Chionochloa, Cortaderia (syn. Lamprothyrsus), Danthonia, Geochloa, Merxmuellera, Notochloe, Pentameris (syn. Pentaschistis, Poagrostis, Prionanthium), Plinthanthesis, Pseudopentameris, Rytidosperma (syn. Monostachya, Notodanthonia, Pyrrhantherea), Schismus (syn. Karroochloa), Tenaxia, Tribolium

References[edit]

^ a b Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romaschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Zuloaga, Fernando O.; Judziewicz, Emmet J.; Filgueiras, Tarciso S.; Davis, Jerrold I.; Morrone, Osvaldo (2015). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae)". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 53 (2): 117–137. doi:10.1111/jse.12150. ISSN 1674-4918.  ^ Grass Phylogeny Working Group; Nigel P. Barker; Lynn G. Clark; Jerrold I. Davis; Melvin R. Duvall; Gerald F. Guala; Catherine Hsiao; Elizabeth A. Kellogg; H. Peter Linder (2001). "Phylogeny and Subfamilial Classification of the Grasses (Poaceae)". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. 88 (3): 373–457. doi:10.2307/3298585.  ^ a b Grass Phylogeny Working Group II (2012). "New grass phylogeny resolves deep evolutionary relationships and discovers C4 origins". New Phytologist. 193 (2): 304–312. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03972.x. ISSN 0028-646X. PMID 22115274.  ^ Pirie, M. D.; Humphreys, A. M.; Barker, N. P.; Linder, H. P. (2009). "Reticulation, Data Combination, and Inferring Evolutionary History: An Example from Danthonioideae (Poaceae)". Systematic Biology. 58 (6): 612–628. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syp068. ISSN 1063-5157. PMID 20525613. 

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v t e

Subfamilies and tribes of the grasses (Poaceae)

early clades

Anomochlooideae Pharoideae Puelioideae

Anomochloeae Streptochaeteae

Phareae

Atractocarpeae Guaduellieae

BOP clade

Bamboos (Bambusoideae) Oryzoideae Pooideae

Arundinarieae Bambuseae Olyreae

Ehrharteae Oryzeae Phyllorachideae Streptogyneae

Ampelodesmeae Brachyelytreae Brachypodieae Bromeae Brylkinieae Diarrheneae Littledaleae Lygeeae Meliceae Phaenospermateae Poeae Nardeae Stipeae Triticeae

PACMAD clade

Aristidoideae Arundinoideae Chloridoideae Danthonioideae Micrairoideae Panicoideae

Aristideae

Arundineae Molinieae

Centropodieae Cynodonteae Eragrostideae Triraphideae Zoysieae

Danthonieae

Eriachneae Hubbardieae Isachneae Micraireae

Andropogoneae Arundinelleae Centotheceae Chasmanthieae Cyperochloeae Gynerieae Lecomtelleae Paniceae Paspaleae Steyermarkochloeae Thysanolaeneae Tristachyideae Zeugiteae

see also: List of Poaceae genera

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q3011288 EoL: 11834693 NCBI: 219384 Tropicos: 50197421 VASCAN: 325

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