DANIEL CARLSSON SOLANDER or DANIEL CHARLES SOLANDER (19 February 1733 – 13 May 1782) was a Swedish naturalist and an Apostle of Carl Linnaeus . Solander was the first university educated scientist to set foot on Australian soil.
* 1 Biography * 2 Legacy * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links
Solander was born in
Norrbotten , Sweden, to Rev. Carl
Solander a Lutheran principal, and Magdalena née Bostadia. Solander
Uppsala University in July 1750 and initially studied
languages, the humanities and law. The professor of botany was the
Carl Linnaeus who was soon impressed by young Solander's
ability and accordingly persuaded his father to let him study natural
history. Solander traveled to
In 1768, Solander gained leave of absence from the
Solander also wrote a manuscript describing all the species collected
Solander's return to Britain with Cook and Banks made him the first Swede to circle the globe.
On their return in 1771 Solander resumed his duties at the British
Museum but also collaborated with Banks on the Florilegium. In 1772 he
accompanied Banks on his voyage to
Solander died at Banks' home in Soho Square of a stroke , aged 49, at
9.30 pm on 13 May 1782. An autopsy was performed the next day, and
revealed a brain haemorrhage. He is buried in the Swedish Section at
Daniel Solander. miniature by
Solander's reputation has been profoundly influenced by his limited
number of publications and his premature death. Although he had
detailed descriptions prepared for most of the botanical specimens he
collected on the Endeavour voyage, in deference to
Solander invented the book-form box known as the Solander box which is still used in libraries and archives as the most suitable way of storing prints, drawings, herbarium materials and some manuscripts.
Solander Gardens in the east end of
In Solander's birth town Piteå the Solander Science Park houses a number of cleantech companies and research organizations. The standard author abbreviation SOL. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name .
* ^ A B C Gilbert, L. A. (1967). "Solander, Daniel (1733 - 1782)".
Australian Dictionary of Biography . 2. Canberra: Australian National
University. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
* ^ Digital Collection, National Library of Australia
* ^ Catalogue, National Library of Australia, accessed February
* ^ "Primitiae Florae Novae Zelandiae ". Celebrating Botany
(1924-2014). University of Otago. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
* ^ "Topic: Banks\' Florilegium". Museum of New Zealand: Te Papa
Tongarewa. Museum of New Zealand. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
* ^ Chambers, Neil (ed.). The Letters of Sir Joseph Banks: A
Selection, 1768-1820. London: Imperial College Press. p. 81. ISBN
* ^ Barker, R. M.; Barker, W. R. (1990). "Botanical contributions
overlooked: the role and recognition of collectors, horticulturists,
explorers and others in the early documentation of the Australian
flora". In Short, P. S. History of systematic botany in Australia.
* Duyker, Edward ( 1998) Nature's Argonaut: Daniel Solander 1733-1782: Naturalist and Voyager with Cook and Banks. Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0-522-84753-6 * Duyker, Edward & Tingbrand, Per (ed. & trans) (1995) Daniel Solander: Collected Correspondence 1753—1782, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, pp. 466, ISBN 0-522-84636-X Scandinavian University Press, Oslo, 1995, pp. 466, ISBN 82-00-22454-6 * Serle, Percival (1949). "Solander, Daniel Charles". Dictionary of Australian Biography . Sydney: Angus and Robertson.