Daniel John Hannan (born 1 September 1971) is a British writer,
journalist and politician. He has been a Conservative Member of the
European Parliament for South East England since 1999.
He writes regular columns for The Sunday Telegraph, the
International Business Times,
ConservativeHome and the Washington
Examiner as well as occasional columns in the Daily Mail, The
Guardian, The Daily Telegraph, The Sun,
The Spectator and the Wall
Street Journal. He is also the editor-in-chief of The Conservative, a
quarterly journal of centre-right political thought. He has published
He was the first Secretary-General of the Alliance of Conservatives
and Reformists in Europe (ACRE), serving from 2009 to 2018. He was one
of the founders of Vote Leave, the organisation that campaigned to
leave the EU in 2016, and served on its board throughout the
referendum, in which he played a prominent role, participating in
multiple public debates.
In September 2017, he became the founding president of the Initiative
for Free Trade. Hannan speaks French and Spanish, and occasionally
European Parliament in those languages. As of February
2018, Hannan ranks 740 out of 751 MEPs for his participation in roll
call votes in the European Parliament.
1 Early life
1.2 Early political career
2 Member of the European Parliament
2.1 Campaign against the Lisbon Treaty
2.2 "The Devalued Prime Minister"
3 Political positions
3.2 Electoral reform
3.3 Economic policy
3.4 Foreign policy
3.5 Social policy
3.6 Health care
3.7 Enoch Powell
5 Awards and distinctions
8 External links
Hannan was born on 1 September 1971 in Lima, Peru. His mother was
Scottish and had been working in the British Embassy to Lima. His
father was born in Peru to British parents, had been educated in the
UK and had served in Italy during the
Second World War
Second World War with the North
Irish Horse of the British Army.
Hannan grew up on his parents’ farm outside Lima, going to school
and university in Britain. Hannan was educated at Winchester House
Marlborough College and Oriel College, Oxford, where he
studied Modern History. He speaks English, French and Spanish.
He was active in university politics, being elected President of the
Oxford University Conservative Association
Oxford University Conservative Association in 1992 - when Nicky
Morgan, (then known as Nicky Griffith) was his opponent. The two have
remained friends. As an undergraduate, he established the Oxford
Campaign for an Independent Britain, a group which campaigned
against closer EU integration - a theme that was to shape his later
On 12 September 1992, he organised a protest at the EU finance
ministers’ summit in Bath against membership of the European
Exchange Rate Mechanism. Three days later, the pound left the system
as a result of George Soros' actions.
Early political career
After graduating in 1993, Hannan became the first director of the
European Research Group, an organisation for Eurosceptic Conservative
MPs chaired by Michael Spicer. From 1994 to 1995, he served as
Chairman of the National Association of Conservative Graduates.
In 1996 he became a leader-writer at the Daily Telegraph under Charles
Moore. He wrote leaders for the paper until 2004, and has written
blogs and columns for it ever since. Hannan has since contributed to
The Spectator and many other newspapers and magazines around the
world. In 1997, he became an adviser and speechwriter to Michael
Howard, then Shadow Foreign Secretary.
In 2001, during the general election campaign, while already serving
as an MEP, he wrote speeches for William Hague, the Conservative
leader. In 1999 he stood down from his posts at the European Research
Group and Conservative Graduates.
Member of the European Parliament
Hannan was elected to the
European Parliament in 1999. His first
act on being elected was to write an article in the Daily Telegraph
about the expenses and allowances available to MEPs, which caused
great controversy.
In 2000, he launched a public appeal to support the underfunded "No"
campaign in Denmark's referendum on joining the euro. The Guardian
newspaper accused him of running the appeal from his parliamentary
office, but withdrew the accusation when it was shown that he had, in
fact, operated out of his own flat. Denmark defied expectations by
voting against the euro.
He was re-elected at the top of his party's list for the South East
England constituency in 2004. Hannan was re-elected in 2009 and 2014,
each time at the head of the Conservative list – a ranking
determined by party members in a postal ballot.
Campaign against the Lisbon Treaty
One of Hannan’s longest-running campaigns as an MEP was for a
referendum – first on the European Constitution and then, when that
text was revised and renamed, on the Lisbon Treaty. He would end every
speech, whatever its subject, with a call, in Latin, for the Lisbon
treaty to be put to the vote: "Pactio Olisipiensis censenda est". The
words were a deliberate echo of Cato the Elder, the Roman Senator who
ended every speech with a call for
Carthage to be destroyed: "Carthago
When no referendum was forthcoming, Hannan began to use parliamentary
procedure to draw attention to his campaign. Under the rules as they
then stood, all MEPs were allowed to speak for up to 60 seconds
following the vote on each matter on which they had voted, a procedure
known as "Explanations of Vote". In 2008, he organised a
multi-national rota of Eurosceptic MEPs to speak on every permissible
vote, always ending their speeches by calling for a referendum on
The campaign served slightly to delay proceedings, and enraged the
Parliamentary authorities. After only a few days, the President of the
European Parliament, Hans-Gert Pöttering, declared that he should
have a discretionary right to disallow any such interventions when he
was "convinced that these are manifestly intended to cause, and will
result in, a prolonged and serious obstruction of the procedures of
the House or the rights of other Members" (Rule 20, para 1).[citation
He continued speaking after his allocated time had ended by quoting
Edmund Burke, but was interrupted mid-quote and had his microphone cut
off by Luigi Cocilovo, one of the 14 Vice-Presidents. Hannan
reacted angrily to what he saw as a flagrant violation of the
Parliament’s own rules. In a point of order, he declared:
An absolute majority is not the same as the rule of law. I accept that
there is a minority in this house in favour of a referendum. That
there is a minority in this house against the ratification of the
Lisbon Treaty. But this house must nonetheless follow its own
rulebooks. And by popular acclamation to discard the rules under which
we operate is indeed an act of arbitrary and despotic rule. It is only
my regard for you Mr. Chairman and my personal affection for you that
prevents me from likening it to the Ermächtigungsgesetz of 1933 which
was also voted through by a parliamentary majority."
— Daniel Hannan
The EPP leader, Joseph Daul, responded by initiating proceedings to
expel Hannan from the group. At the relevant meeting, Hannan told
members that the ideological differences between him and the majority
of EPP members on the question of European integration made his
expulsion their only logical choice. He duly left the group on 20
February 2008, and sat as a non-attached (non-inscrit) member until
the rest of the British Conservatives followed to form the European
Conservatives and Reformists following the 2009 election.
Hannan, who had campaigned against EPP membership since before his
election, enthusiastically rejoined his colleagues in the new ECR
Group in 2009, and became the first Secretary-General of its attached
Euro-party, AECR, subsequently ACRE.
"The Devalued Prime Minister"
Daniel Hannan addressing
Gordon Brown in the European Parliament.
Hannan came to prominence after making a speech in the European
Parliament criticising Gordon Brown.
On 24 March 2009, after
Gordon Brown had given a short speech to the
European Parliament in
Strasbourg in advance of the G20
Hannan followed up by delivering a 3-minute speech strongly
criticising the response by
Gordon Brown to the global financial
He finished the speech with the phrase, "the devalued Prime Minister
of a devalued government". A video clip of the speech went viral
YouTube that evening, attracting more than 630,000 views in
24 hours. It became the 'most viewed today'
worldwide two consecutive days.
As of November 2016, there had been over three million views of the
Hannan is an advocate of localism. He believes that local
government independence is impossible without giving fiscal
autonomy. To that end, he supports replacing Value Added Tax with
a local sales tax, set by local councils.
He cofounded a direct democracy group ("Direct Democracy") and was
co-author, along with 27 Conservative MPs elected in 2005, of Direct
Democracy: An Agenda for a New Model Party, which proposes the
wholesale devolution of power and the direct election of
decision-makers. These ideas were developed further in a series of
six pamphlets, The Localist Papers, serialised in The Daily Telegraph
Hannan argues in his writings and in the media (for example, during an
appearance on Question Time on
BBC television on 28 May 2009) for
ballot initiatives (whereby electors can directly enact legislation as
happens in Switzerland), a power of recall (whereby a sitting Member
of Parliament can be forced to submit to re-election if enough of the
local electorate support this), fixed term parliaments, local and
national referendums, open primaries and the abolition of party lists.
He is also an advocate of
Single Transferable Vote
Single Transferable Vote as a replacement
for the UK's First Past The Post system of voting.
Hannan wrote in March 2011, criticizing anti-austerity protesters,
stating they "have decided to indulge their penchant for empty,
futile, self-righteous indignation". He remarked, "After "No Cuts!"
the marchers' favourite slogan was "Fairness!" All right, then... How
about being fair to our children, whom we have freighted with a debt
unprecedented in peacetime?"
Hannan writes regularly about the United Kingdom's future
international trade relationship once it leaves the EU. Operating
though his platform at the
European Parliament and through the IFT,
Hannan advocates a globally free-trading policy for the UK, and
has even suggested joining the trans-pacific partnership as the global
economic weight shifts from west to east. Hannan is on the
International Board of Students for Liberty, a non-profit group
operating globally to encourage classical liberalism and liberal
Hannan has a 'deep admiration' of the United States, and describes
himself as an
Atlanticist with inherently positive views of the United
States as well as other nations of the Anglosphere. Hannan is
extremely supportive of free trade, believing that the European Union
blocks trade with countries such as China,
India and Ethiopia.
Daniel Hannan at the Conservative Political Action Conference, 2012.
He opposed the
2003 invasion of Iraq
2003 invasion of Iraq undertaken during the premiership
of Tony Blair. He opposed British intervention in Libya.
Hannan would like Britain to forge a "distinctive foreign policy,
allied to Europe, but giving due weight to the US,
India and other
common-law, Anglophone democracies".
He endorsed then-Democratic candidate
Barack Obama for President on 18
October 2008 against John McCain. He stated that a McCain presidency
would mean an "imperial overstretch", particularly arguing that the
U.S. should have been preparing to leave Iraq immediately.
Hannan regretted his endorsement, which he called in his blog his
"single most unpopular post" in his blogging career, and backed Mitt
Romney in 2012. He argued, "Any American reader who wants to know
where Obamification will lead should spend a week with me in the
European Parliament. I'm working in your future and, believe me, you
won't like it."
In the US Presidential elections of 2016, he argued that both main
parties had put forward unfit candidates, and urged Americans to vote
for the Libertarian, Gary Johnson.
Hannan is opposed to the concept of "victimless crimes", and he
favours drug decriminalisation: "I'd start with cannabis, and if that
worked I wouldn't in principle be against decriminalising heroin."
In April 2009, he criticised claims that the National Health Service
was the greatest British invention, saying that it is clearly eclipsed
by the inventions of parliamentary democracy, penicillin, and common
law, the discovery of DNA, or the abolition of slavery.
Hannan claimed the NHS has left Britain with low survival rates for
cancers and strokes, a high risk of becoming more ill in hospital, and
with constant waiting lists. He remarked on American television at a
time when the
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was being
debated that he "wouldn't wish it [the NHS] on anyone". David Cameron,
who had said that his priorities were "three letters: NHS", distanced
himself from Hannan's remarks as "some rather eccentric points of
Writing in The Telegraph, Hannan said of the media storm provoked by
On a visit to the US, I was asked by an interviewer whether I would
recommend a British-style health-care model, paid for out of general
taxation. I replied that all three parties were devoted to the NHS,
and that it had public support (although I added that this was at
least partly the result of the inaccurate belief that free health care
for the poor is a unique attribute of the British system). But I
didn't want to dissemble: I have for years argued that Britain would
be better off with a Singapore-style system of personal health-care
accounts. So I cautioned against nationalisation, citing international
league tables on survival rates and waiting times.
At the same time, he made the wider point that: "we seem to have lost
the notion that a backbencher speaks for himself. I like David
Cameron, and want him to be Prime Minister, not least so that Britain
stops racking up debt. But the idea that I therefore agree with him on
every issue is, when you think about it, silly."
In 2015, writing for The Washington Examiner, Hannan claimed the
popular support for the NHS in the UK was a consequence of the wider
public being "passively conscripted" by a "knot of hardline leftists"
like those who had harassed his mother after he criticised the NHS. He
told readers "This is your last chance to strangle Obamacare at birth;
flunk it, and you won't get another."
It was reported in August 2009 that Hannan had praised the
Enoch Powell as "somebody who understood the
importance of national democracy, who understood why you need to live
in an independent country and what that meant, as well as being a free
marketeer and a small-government Conservative."
However, he is also on record as saying, "For what it's worth, I think
Enoch Powell was wrong on immigration. The civil unrest that he
forecast, and that many feared in 1968, didn't materialise. Britain
assimilated a large population with an ease that few countries have
matched. Being an immigrant myself, I have particular cause to be
grateful for Britain's understated cosmopolitanism."
Writing on The Telegraph website, Mr Hannan said: "I'm surprised that
no one has picked up on the thing that I most admire about Enoch
Powell, namely his tendency to ignore conventional wisdom and think
things through from first principles. Like Rowan Williams, he always
did his hearers the courtesy of addressing them as intelligent adults.
Both men regularly got into trouble in consequence, either because
they were genuinely misunderstood or because their detractors affected
to misunderstand them. Neither responded by dumbing down. That, in
politics, takes a special kind of integrity."
In spring 2012, Hannan suggested in a Daily Telegraph article that an
accommodation be made between the Conservative Party and the UK
Independence Party (UKIP), and would be preferable to one with the
Liberal Democrats. However, following the 2016 referendum,
he argued that UKIP members should "award themselves a medal and
In September 2016, Hannan launched The Conservative, a periodical
publication in print volume and in an online version published
quarterly. In an editorial, he defined its philosophy as follows:
"Conservatism is an instinct rather than an ideology. It is ironic,
quizzical, cool-tempered, distrustful of grand theories. Conservatives
understand that the things they cherish – property rights,
parliamentary government, personal freedom, norms of courtesy – take
a long time to build up, but can be quickly destroyed."
Hannan also releases regular "Ici, Londres" videos across social
media. The name is a reference to the beginning of every transmission
Radio Londres station in London, from which the Free French
broadcast over occupied France during World War II.
Awards and distinctions
In 2009, Hannan was awarded the
Bastiat Prize for Online Journalism
for his Telegraph blog.
He was shortlisted for the
Orwell Prize in blogging in 2011.
In 2014, Hannan won the Political Books Awards polemic of the year
award, for his book How We Invented Freedom and Why it Matters.
He won Speech of the Year at the 2009 Spectator Awards, for his Gordon
Brown speech in the European Parliament.
This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
Hannan, Daniel (1993). Time for a fresh start in Europe. London: Bow
Towards 1996: Britain in a Multi-Speed Europe. London, UK: Institute
for European Defence & Strategic Studies. 1994.
A Guide to the Amsterdam Treaty. London, UK: European Research Group.
The Euro: Bad for Business. London: European Research Group.
What if Britain Votes No?. 2002.
The Case for EFTA. London: Bruges Group. 2004.
Direct Democracy: An Agenda for a New Model Party. Douglas Carswell.
2005. ISBN 978-0-9550598-0-3.
The Plan: Twelve Months to Renew Britain. Douglas Carswell. Lulu.com.
2008. ISBN 978-0-9559799-0-3.
The New Road to Serfdom: A Letter of Warning to America. London:
HarperCollins. 2010. ISBN 978-0-06-195694-2.
Why America Must Not Follow Europe. New York: Encounter Books. 2011.
A Doomed Marriage: Britain and Europe. London: Notting Hill Editions.
2012. ISBN 978-1-907-90322-9.
How We Invented Freedom & Why It Matters. London: Head of Zeus.
2013. ISBN 9781781857533. (published in the United States
as Inventing Freedom: How the English-Speaking Peoples Made the Modern
World. New York: HarperCollins. 2013. ISBN 9780062231758. )
Why Vote Leave. London: Head of Zeus. 2016.
What Next: How to Get the Best from Brexit. London: Head of Zeus.
2016. ISBN 9781786691934.
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^ "Gisela Stuart to Chair
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"Daniel Hannan: the Tory Eurosceptic MEP whom Labour loves to hate".
The Times. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
Daniel Hannan & David Wilkins at the 2012 Manning Conference".
YouTube. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
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www.fampeople.com. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
^ European Companion. London, UK: Vacher Dod Publishing. 2002.
p. 135. ISBN 978-0-905702-37-7.
^ Blair, David (1995). A History of the Oxford University Conservative
Association. Andrew Page.
^ Blair, David (1995). A History of OUCA. Andrew Page.
Daniel Hannan "How Our One Small Protest Toppled the Pound", Daily
Telegraph, 13 September 2002.
^ a b MEP biography, europarl.europa.eu; accessed 4 September 2017.
^ "Latin Link",
The Times (17 May 1997) p22
^ "Daniel Hannan". Daniel Hannan. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
^ George Eaton The NS Profile: Daniel Hannan, newstatesman.com, 20
^ a b "
Daniel Hannan MEP". Aldershot. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
^ Hannan, Daniel (17 January 2008). "EU treaty censored by
Euro-federalists". London, UK: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 March
European Parliament debates". Webcitation.org. 30 January 2008.
Archived from the original on 23 February 2009. Retrieved 14 August
^ a b Hannan, Daniel. "Whatever else they are, MEPs are not Nazis".
ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
^ "Debates". European Parliament. 31 January 2008. Retrieved 7 March
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^ "EU — The last days of democracy?". YouTube. 3 July 2008.
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^ "Daniel HANNAN: History of Parliamentary Service". European
Parliament. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
^ "Browns join
Twitter war over NHS".
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Retrieved 7 March 2012.
^ a b "
Daniel Hannan MEP: The devalued Prime Minister of a devalued
Government". YouTube. 24 March 2009. Retrieved 27 March 2009.
^ a b DanHannan (2009-03-24),
Daniel Hannan MEP: The devalued Prime
Minister of a devalued Government, retrieved 2018-01-25
^ Martin, Iian (25 March 2009). "Hurrah for Hannan: Brown hasn't been
spoken to like that for decades". Daily Telegraph. London, UK.
^ Bingham, John (25 March 2009). "MEP Dan Hannan's 'Brezhnev
apparatchik' attack on
Gordon Brown is a
YouTube hit". Daily
Telegraph. London. Retrieved 27 March 2009.
^ a b Walker, Kirsty (27 March 2009). "An internet sensation, the Tory
who told Brown to his face that he's a disaster". Daily Mail. London,
UK. Retrieved 27 March 2009.
^ Oborne, Peter (30 April 2011). "Let's put the local back into local
elections". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
^ "Jeremy Hunt co-authored book calling for NHS to be replaced with
private insurance". The Independent. 10 February 2016. Retrieved 29
^ "Localist Papers". witteringsfromwitney.com. Retrieved 20 March
^ Hannan, Daniel (26 March 2011). "'March for the Alternative'? WHAT
alternative?". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
^ "Daniel Hannan". Daniel Hannan. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
^ a b "Free Britain to trade with the world". Financial Times. 21 June
2016. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
^ Hannan, Daniel. "Strange and counter-intuitive as it may seem,
Britain's trading future lies across the Pacific". The Telegraph.
ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
^ "Team - STUDENTS FOR LIBERTY". STUDENTS FOR LIBERTY. Retrieved 20
^ a b "The war drums boom in Britain". The Economist. 18 March 2011.
Retrieved 16 December 2011.
^ Hannan, Daniel (30 March 2008). "Are we losing in Afghanistan?". The
Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
^ Hannan, Daniel (2 June 2015). "A vision of Britain outside the EU -
confident, successful and free". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 29
^ "Why this conservative is for Barack Obama". The Telegraph. 18
^ "Telegraph's Hannan: "I admit it: I was wrong to have supported
Barack Obama"". www.sanctepater.com. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
^ "Tory Brexiteer says he would have voted for US candidate who didn't
know what Aleppo was". The Independent. 11 November 2016. Retrieved 29
^ Hannan, Daniel (6 April 2009). "Americans! Don't copy the British
healthcare system!". London, UK: Blogs.telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 14
^ "Cameron: 'NHS Is Our Number One Priority'". Sky News. 14 August
2009. Archived from the original on 14 July 2012. Retrieved 25 April
^ "'Nasty Tories' beat retreat on hunting and spending cuts".
Thisislondon.co.uk. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
^ a b "There is no harm in agreeing to disagree Let's return to the
good old days when MPs didn't always toe the party line, says Daniel
Hannan". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. 28 August 2009. Retrieved 30
^ "Glen Beck with
Daniel Hannan on UK NHS". YouTube. 20 August 2009.
Retrieved 29 July 2016.
^ "Kill Obamacare, or U.S. healthcare will suffer same fate as
Britain". Retrieved 2016-09-09.
^ Prince, Rosa (26 August 2009). "
Daniel Hannan risks angering David
Cameron by praising Enoch Powell". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK.
Retrieved 30 April 2010.
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Guaranteed". The Spectator. 26 August 2009. Archived from the original
on 30 August 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
^ "Journalists' magic word". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. 6
November 2007. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
^ "Down with collective responsibility". The Daily Telegraph. London,
UK. 28 August 2009. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
^ Hannan, Daniel (24 May 2012). "A deal with UKIP is preferable to one
with the LibDems". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
^ Hannan, Daniel (3 May 2013). "A Conservative–Ukip coalition might
come sooner than you think". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 7 December
^ "Leaders set to review EU's agenda after Eurosceptic surge".
itv.com. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
^ "the moment of our victory, we Eurosceptics seem determined to throw
it all away". The Telegraph. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 14 November
^ "Welcoming two newcomers On a pair of publications that will ponder
the political puzzles of our day". The New Criterion. March 2017.
Retrieved 20 March 2017.
The Conservative Online, Issue 2".
The Conservative Online. January
^ "Telegraph columnist and blogger
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prize". The Daily Telegraph. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 16 December
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Orwell Prize 2011 nominations". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23
^ "The Paddy Power Political Book Awards". Retrieved 29 July
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12 November 2009. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
^ Dale, Iain; Brivati, Brian (4 October 2011). "The Top 100 most
influential people on the Right 2011, 50–26". The Daily Telegraph.
Retrieved 16 December 2011.
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