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Daniel Barenboim[a] (born 15 November 1942) is an Argentine-Israeli pianist and conductor who is a citizen of Argentina, Israel, Palestine, and Spain. He is the general music director of the Berlin State Opera, and the Staatskapelle Berlin; he previously served as Music Director of the Chicago Symphony
Symphony
Orchestra, the Orchestre de Paris and La Scala
La Scala
in Milan.[2] Barenboim is known for his work with the West–Eastern Divan Orchestra, a Seville-based orchestra of young Arab
Arab
and Israeli musicians, and as a resolute critic of the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories. Barenboim has received many awards and prizes, including an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire,[3] France's Légion d'honneur
Légion d'honneur
both as a Commander and Grand Officier, and the German Großes Bundesverdienstkreuz
Bundesverdienstkreuz
and Willy Brandt Award.[4] Together with the Palestinian-American scholar Edward Said, he was given Spain's Prince of Asturias Concord Award. He has won seven Grammy awards for his work and discography. Barenboim is a polyglot, fluent in Spanish, Hebrew, English, French, Italian, and German.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Citizenship

2 Career 3 Musical style

3.1 Recordings 3.2 Conducting
Conducting
Wagner in Israel

4 Political views

4.1 West–Eastern Divan 4.2 Wolf Prize 4.3 Performing in the West Bank and Gaza Strip

5 Personal life 6 Awards and recognition 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

Biography[edit]

Daniel Barenboim, age 11, with composer Eithan Lustig and the Gadna Youth orchestra (1953)

Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
was born in 1942 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Argentinian-Jewish parents Aida (née Schuster) and Enrique Barenboim.[5] He started piano lessons at the age of five with his mother, continuing to study with his father, who remained his only teacher. On 19 August 1950, at the age of seven, he gave his first formal concert in his hometown, Buenos Aires.[6] In 1952, Barenboim's family moved to Israel. Two years later, in the summer of 1954, his parents took him to Salzburg
Salzburg
to take part in Igor Markevitch's conducting classes. During that summer he also met and played for Wilhelm Furtwängler, who has remained a central musical influence and ideal for Barenboim.[7] Furtwängler called the young Barenboim a "phenomenon" and invited him to perform the Beethoven First Piano
Piano
Concerto
Concerto
with the Berlin Philharmonic, but Barenboim's father considered it too soon after the Second World War for a child of Jewish parents to be performing in Berlin.[8] In 1955 Barenboim studied harmony and composition with Nadia Boulanger
Nadia Boulanger
in Paris. On 15 June 1967, Barenboim and British cellist Jacqueline du Pré
Jacqueline du Pré
were married in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
at a Western Wall
Western Wall
ceremony, Du Pré having converted to Judaism.[9] Acting as one of the witnesses was the conductor Zubin Mehta, a long-time friend of Barenboim. Since "I was not Jewish I had to temporarily be renamed Moshe Cohen, which made me a 'kosher witness'," Mehta recalled.[10] Du Pré retired from music in 1973, after being diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS). The marriage lasted until du Pré's death in 1987. In the early 1980s, Barenboim began an affair with the Russian pianist Elena Bashkirova, with whom he had two sons born in Paris
Paris
before du Pré's death: David Arthur, born 1983, and Michael, born 1985. Barenboim worked to keep his relationship with Bashkirova hidden from du Pré, and believed he had succeeded. He and Bashkirova married in 1988. Both sons are part of the music world: David is a manager-writer for the German hip-hop band Level 8, and Michael Barenboim is a classical violinist.[11] Citizenship[edit] Barenboim holds citizenship in Argentina, Israel,[12] Palestine,[13] and Spain.[14] He lives in Berlin.[15][16] Career[edit]

U.S. concert performance at age 15 (January 1958)

After performing in Buenos Aires, Barenboim made his international debut as a pianist at the age of 10 in 1952 in Vienna
Vienna
and Rome. In 1955 he performed in Paris, in 1956 in London, and in 1957 in New York under the baton of Leopold Stokowski. Regular concert tours of Europe, the United States, South America, Australia and the Far East followed thereafter. In June 1967, Barenboim and his then fiancée Du Pré gave concerts in Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Haifa
Haifa
and Beersheba
Beersheba
before and during the Six-Day War.[17] His friendship with musicians Itzhak Perlman, Zubin Mehta, and Pinchas Zukerman, and marriage to du Pré led to the 1969 film by Christopher Nupen of their performance of the Schubert "Trout" Quintet.[18] Following his debut as a conductor with the English Chamber Orchestra in Abbey Road Studios, London, in 1966, Barenboim was invited to conduct by many European and American symphony orchestras. Between 1975 and 1989, he was music director of the Orchestre de Paris, where he conducted much contemporary music. Barenboim made his opera conducting debut in 1973 with a performance of Mozart's Don Giovanni
Don Giovanni
at the Edinburgh Festival. He made his debut at Bayreuth in 1981, conducting there regularly until 1999. In 1988, he was appointed artistic and musical director of the Opera-Bastille in Paris, scheduled to open in 1990, but was fired in January 1989 by the opera's chairman Pierre Bergé.[19] Barenboim was named music director designate of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Chicago Symphony Orchestra
in 1989, and succeeded Sir Georg Solti
Georg Solti
as its music director in 1991, a post he held until 17 June 2006.[20] He expressed frustration with the need for fund-raising duties in the United States as part of being a music director of an American orchestra.[11]

(l-r) President of the East Berlin Jewish Community Peter Kirchner (de), President of the Federal Republic of Germany Richard von Weizsäcker, and Barenboim visit Jewish cemetery in Berlin-Weissensee
Berlin-Weissensee
(1990)

Since 1992, Barenboim has been music director of the Berlin State Opera and the Berlin Staatskapelle, succeeding in maintaining the independent status of the State Opera. He has tried to maintain the orchestra's traditional sound and style.[21] In autumn 2000 he was made conductor for life of the Berlin Staatskapelle.[22] On 15 May 2006 Barenboim was named principal guest conductor of La Scala opera house, in Milan, after Riccardo Muti's resignation.[23] He subsequently became music director of La Scala
La Scala
in 2011.[24] In 2006, Barenboim presented the BBC Reith Lectures, presenting a series of five lectures titled In the Beginning was Sound. The lectures on music were recorded in a range of cities, including London, Chicago, Berlin, and two in Jerusalem.[25] In the autumn of 2006, Barenboim gave the Charles Eliot Norton
Charles Eliot Norton
Lectures at Harvard University, entitling his talk Sound and Thought.[26] In November 2006, Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
submitted Barenboim's name as his nominee to succeed him as the New York Philharmonic's music director.[27] Barenboim said he was flattered but "nothing could be further from my thoughts at the moment than the possibility of returning to the United States for a permanent position",[28] repeating in April 2007 his lack of interest in the New York Philharmonic's music directorship or its newly created principal conductor position.[29] Barenboim made his conducting debut on 28 November 2008 at the Metropolitan Opera
Metropolitan Opera
in New York for the House's 450th performance of Wagner's Tristan und Isolde
Tristan und Isolde
. In 2009, he conducted the New Year Concert of the Vienna Philharmonic.[30] In his New Year message, he expressed the hope that 2009 would be a year for peace and for human justice in the Middle East.[31] He conducted the Vienna
Vienna
Philharmonic again for New Year's Day
New Year's Day
2014. That year construction began on the Barenboim–Said Academy
Barenboim–Said Academy
in Berlin. A joint project Barenboim developed with Palestinian-American scholar Edward Said, the academy was planned as a site for young music students from the Arab
Arab
world and Israel to study music and humanities in Berlin.[32] It opened its doors on 8 December 2016.[33] Musical style[edit] Barenboim has rejected musical fashions based on current musicological research, such as the authentic performance movement. His recording of Beethoven's symphonies shows his preference for some conventional practices, rather than fully adhering to Bärenreiter's new edition (edited by Jonathan Del Mar).[34] Barenboim has opposed the practice of choosing the tempo of a piece based on historical evidence, such as the composer's metronome marks. He argues instead for finding the tempo from within the music, especially from its harmony and harmonic rhythm. He has reflected this in the general tempi chosen in his recording of Beethoven's symphonies, usually adhering to early-twentieth-century practices. He has not been influenced by the faster tempos chosen by other conductors such as David Zinman and authentic movement advocate Roger Norrington. In his recording of The Well-Tempered Clavier, Barenboim makes frequent use of the right-foot sustaining pedal, a device absent from the keyboard instruments of Bach's time (although the harpsichord was highly resonant), producing a sonority very different from the "dry" and often staccato sound favoured by Glenn Gould. Moreover, in the fugues, he often plays one voice considerably louder than the others, a practice impossible on a harpsichord. According to some scholarship, this practice began in Beethoven's time (see, for example, Matthew Dirst's book Engaging Bach). When justifying his interpretation of Bach, Barenboim claims that he is interested in the long tradition of playing Bach that has existed for two and a half centuries, rather than in the exact style of performance in Bach's time:

The study of old instruments and historic performance practice has taught us a great deal, but the main point, the impact of harmony, has been ignored. This is proved by the fact that tempo is described as an independent phenomenon. It is claimed that one of Bach's gavottes must be played fast and another one slowly. But tempo is not independent! … I think that concerning oneself purely with historic performance practice and the attempt to reproduce the sound of older styles of music-making is limiting and no indication of progress. Mendelssohn and Schumann tried to introduce Bach into their own period, as did Liszt with his transcriptions and Busoni with his arrangements. In America Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
also tried to do it with his arrangements for orchestra. This was always the result of "progressive" efforts to bring Bach closer to the particular period. I have no philosophical problem with someone playing Bach and making it sound like Boulez. My problem is more with someone who tries to imitate the sound of that time…[35]

Recordings[edit] In the beginning of his career, Barenboim concentrated on music of the classical era, as well as some romantic composers. He made his first recording in 1954. Notable classical recordings include the complete cycles of Mozart, Beethoven and Schubert's piano sonatas, and Mozart's piano concertos (in the latter, taking part as both soloist and conductor). Romantic recordings include Brahms's piano concertos (with John Barbirolli), Mendelssohn's Songs Without Words, and Chopin's nocturnes. Barenboim also recorded many chamber works, especially in collaboration with his first wife, Jacqueline du Pré, the violinist Itzhak Perlman, and the violinist and violist Pinchas Zukerman. Noted performances include: the complete Mozart violin sonatas (with Perlman), Brahms's violin sonatas (live concert with Perlman, previously in the studio with Zukerman), Beethoven's and Brahms's cello sonatas (with du Pré), Beethoven's and Tchaikovsky's piano trios (with du Pré and Zukerman), and Schubert's Trout Quintet
Trout Quintet
(with du Pré, Perlman, Zukerman, and Zubin Mehta). Notable recordings as a conductor include: the complete symphonies of Beethoven, Brahms, Bruckner, Schubert and Schumann, the Da Ponte operas of Mozart, numerous operas by Wagner, including the complete Ring Cycle, and various concertos. Barenboim has written about his changing attitude to the music of Mahler;[36] he has recorded Mahler's Fifth, Seventh and Ninth symphonies and Das Lied von der Erde. He has also performed and recorded the Concierto de Aranjuez
Concierto de Aranjuez
by Rodrigo and Villa-Lobos guitar concerto with John Williams as the guitar soloist. By the late 1990s, Barenboim had widened his concert repertoire, performing works by baroque as well as twentieth-century classical composers. Examples include: J.S. Bach's The Well-Tempered Clavier (which he has played since childhood) and Goldberg Variations, Albeniz's Iberia, and Debussy's Préludes. In addition, he turned to other musical genres, such as jazz,[37] and the folk music of his birthplace, Argentina. He conducted the 2006 New Year's Eve concert in Buenos Aires, in which tangos were played.[38] Barenboim has continued to perform and record chamber music, sometimes with members of the orchestras he has led. Some examples include the Quartet for the End of Time by Messiaen with members of the Orchestre de Paris
Paris
during his tenure there, Richard Strauss
Richard Strauss
with members of the Chicago Symphony
Symphony
Orchestra, and Mozart's Clarinet Trio with members of the Berlin Staatskapelle. To mark Barenboim's 75th birthday, Deutsche Grammophon
Deutsche Grammophon
released a box set of 39 CDs of his solo recordings,[39] and Sony Classical
Sony Classical
issued a box set of Barenboim's orchestral recordings on 43 CDs and three DVDs in 2017, Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
– A Retrospective.[40] Conducting
Conducting
Wagner in Israel[edit] Further information: Wagner controversies § Wagner's music in Israel The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
(then Palestine Orchestra) had performed Richard Wagner's music in Mandatory Palestine
Mandatory Palestine
even during the early days of the Nazi era.[41] But after the Kristallnacht,[42] Jewish musicians avoided playing Wagner's music in Israel because of the use Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
made of the composer and because of Wagner's own anti-Semitic writings,[43] initiating an unofficial boycott. This informal ban continued when Israel was founded in 1948, but from time to time unsuccessful efforts were made to end it.[44] In 1974[45] and again in 1981 Zubin Mehta
Zubin Mehta
planned to (but did not) lead the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra in works of Wagner. During the latter occasion, fist fights broke out in the audience.[46] Barenboim, who had been selected to head the production of Wagner's operas at the 1988 Bayreuth Festival,[47] had since at least 1989 publicly opposed the Israeli ban. In that year, he had the Israel Philharmonic "rehearse" two of Wagner's works.[48] In a conversation with Edward Said, Barenboim said that "Wagner, the person, is absolutely appalling, despicable, and, in a way, very difficult to put together with the music he wrote, which so often has exactly the opposite kind of feelings... noble, generous, etc." He called Wagner's anti-Semitism obviously "monstrous," and feels it must be faced, but argues that "Wagner did not cause the Holocaust." In 1990, Barenboim conducted the Berlin Philharmonic
Berlin Philharmonic
Orchestra in its first appearance in Israel, but he excluded Wagner's works. "Although Wagner died in 1883, he is not played [in Israel] because his music is too inextricably linked with Nazism, and so is too painful for those who suffered," Barenboim told a reporter. "Why play what hurts people?"[49] Not long afterwards, it was announced that Barenboim would lead the Israel Philharmonic in two Wagner overtures,[50] which took place on 27 December "before a carefully screened audience."[51] In 2000, the Israel Supreme Court upheld the right of the Rishon LeZion Orchestra to perform Wagner's Siegfried Idyll.[52] At the Israel Festival in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
in July 2001, Barenboim had scheduled to perform the first act of Die Walküre
Die Walküre
with three singers, including tenor Plácido Domingo. However, strong protests by some Holocaust survivors, as well as the Israeli government, led the festival authorities to ask for an alternative program. (The Israel Festival's Public Advisory board, which included some Holocaust survivors, had originally approved the program.)[53] The controversy appeared to end in May, after the Israel Festival announced that a selection by Wagner would not be included at the 7 July concert.[54] Barenboim agreed to substitute music by Schumann and Stravinsky. However, at the end of the concert with the Berlin Staatskapelle, Barenboim announced that he would like to play Wagner as a second encore and invited those who objected to leave, saying, "Despite what the Israel Festival believes, there are people sitting in the audience for whom Wagner does not spark Nazi associations. I respect those for whom these associations are oppressive. It will be democratic to play a Wagner encore for those who wish to hear it. I am turning to you now and asking whether I can play Wagner." A half-hour debate ensued, with some audience members calling Barenboim a "fascist". In the end, a small number of attendees walked out and the overwhelming majority remained, applauding loudly after the performance of the Tristan und Isolde Prelude.[55] In September 2001, a public relations associate for the Chicago Symphony
Symphony
Orchestra, where Barenboim was the Music Director, revealed that season ticket-holders were about evenly divided about the wisdom of Barenboim's decision to play Wagner in Jerusalem.[56] Barenboim regarded the performance of Wagner at the 7 July concert as a political statement. He said he had decided to defy the ban on Wagner after having a news conference he held the previous week interrupted by the ringing of a mobile phone to the tune of Wagner's Ride of the Valkyries.[57] "I thought if it can be heard on the ring of a telephone, why can't it be played in a concert hall?" he said.[58] A Knesset
Knesset
committee subsequently called for Barenboim to be declared a persona non grata in Israel until he apologized for conducting Wagner's music.[59] The move was condemned by the musical director of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
Zubin Mehta
Zubin Mehta
and members of Knesset.[60] Prior to receiving the $100,000 Wolf Prize, awarded annually in Israel, Barenboim said, "If people were really hurt, of course I regret this, because I don’t want to harm anyone".[61] In 2005, Barenboim gave the inaugural Edward Said
Edward Said
Memorial Lecture at Columbia University, entitled "Wagner, Israel and Palestine".[62] In the speech, according to The Financial Times, Barenboim "called on Israel to accept the Palestinian 'narrative even though they may not agree with it'," and said, "The state of Israel was supposed to provide the instrument for the end of anti-Semitism... This inability to accept a new narrative has led to a new anti-Semitism that is very different from the European anti-Semitism of the 19th century.".[63] According to The New York Times, Barenboim said it was the "fear, this conviction of being yet again the victim, that does not allow the Israeli public to accept Wagner’s anti-Semitism... It is the same cell in the collective brain that does not allow them to make progress in their understanding of the needs of the Palestinian people", and also said that suicide bombings in Israel "had to be seen in the context of the historical development at which we have arrived".[64] The speech caused controversy; the Jewish Telegraphic Agency
Jewish Telegraphic Agency
wrote that Barenboim had "compared Herzl's ideas to Wagner's; criticized Palestinian terrorist attacks but also justified them; and said Israeli actions contributed to the rise of international anti-Semitism".[65] In March 2007, Barenboim said: "The whole subject of Wagner in Israel has been politicized and is a symptom of a malaise that goes very deep in Israeli society..."[66] In 2010, before conducting Wagner's Die Walküre
Die Walküre
for the gala premiere of La Scala's season in Milan, he said that the perception of Wagner was unjustly influenced by the fact that he was Hitler's favourite composer: "I think a bit of the problem with Wagner isn't what we all know in Israel, anti-Semitism, etc... It is how the Nazis and Hitler saw Wagner as his own prophet... This perception of Hitler colors for many people the perception of Wagner... We need one day to liberate Wagner of all this weight".[67] In a 2012 interview with Der Spiegel,[68] Barenboim said,

It saddens me that official Israel so doggedly refuses to allow Wagner to be performed – as was the case, once again, at the University of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
two weeks ago – because I see it as a symptom of a disease. The words I'm about to use are harsh, but I choose them deliberately: There is a politicization of the remembrance of the Holocaust in Israel, and that's terrible." He also argued that after the trial of Adolf Eichmann
Adolf Eichmann
and the Six-Day War, "a misunderstanding also arose…namely that the Holocaust, from which the Jews' ultimate claim to Israel was derived, and the Palestinian problem had something to do with each other.[68]

He also said, that

since the Six-Day War, Israeli politicians have repeatedly established a connection between European anti-Semitism and the fact that the Palestinians don't accept the founding of the State of Israel. But that's absurd! The Palestinians weren't primarily anti-Semitic. They just didn't accept their expulsion. But European anti-Semitism goes much further back than to the partition of Palestine and the establishment of Israel in 1948.[68]

In response to a question from the interviewer, he said he conducted Wagner with the West–Eastern Divan Orchestra
West–Eastern Divan Orchestra
because, "The musicians wanted it. I said: Sure, but we have to talk about it. It's a tricky decision." When the interviewer asked if the initiative came from Arab musicians in the orchestra, he replied, "On the contrary. It was the Israelis. The Israeli brass players."[68] Over the years, observers of the Wagner battle have weighed in on both sides of the issue.[69] Political views[edit]

Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
leads a rehearsal of the West–Eastern Divan in Seville, Spain, 2005

Rehearsal of the West–Eastern Divan under the lead of Daniel Barenboim, 2005

Barenboim, a supporter of human rights, including Palestinian rights, is an outspoken critic of Israel's conservative governments and the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories. In an interview with the British music critic Norman Lebrecht in 2003, Barenboim accused Israel of behaving in a manner which was, "morally abhorrent and strategically wrong", and, "putting in danger the very existence of the state of Israel."[70] In 1967, at the start of the Six-Day War, Barenboim and du Pré had performed for the Israeli troops on the front lines, as well as during the Yom Kippur war
Yom Kippur war
in 1973. During the Gulf War, he and an orchestra performed in Israel in gas masks.[71] Barenboim has argued publicly for a Two-state solution
Two-state solution
for Israel and Palestinians. In a November 2014, opinion piece in The Guardian, he wrote that the "ongoing security of the state of Israel... is only possible in the long term if the future of the Palestinian people, too, is secured in its own sovereign state. If this does not happen, the wars and history of that region will be constantly repeated and the unbearable stalemate will continue."[72] West–Eastern Divan[edit] In 1999, Barenboim and Palestinian-American intellectual Edward Said jointly founded the West–Eastern Divan Orchestra.[73][74] This initiative brings together, every summer, a group of young classical musicians from Israel, the Palestinian territories and Arab
Arab
countries to study, perform and to promote mutual reflection and understanding.[75][76][77] Barenboim and Said jointly received the 2002 Prince of Asturias Awards
Prince of Asturias Awards
for their work in "improving understanding between nations." Together they wrote the book Parallels and Paradoxes, based on a series of public discussions held at New York's Carnegie Hall.[78] In September 2005, presenting the book written with Said, Barenboim refused to be interviewed by uniformed Israel Defense Forces Radio reporter Dafna Arad, considering the wearing of the uniform insensitive for the occasion. In response, Israeli Education Minister Limor Livnat
Limor Livnat
of the Likud
Likud
party called him "a real Jew hater" and "a real anti-Semite".[79] After being invited for the fourth time to the Doha Festival for Music and Dialogue in Qatar
Qatar
with the West–Eastern Divan Orchestra
West–Eastern Divan Orchestra
in 2012, Barenboim's invitation was cancelled by the authorities because of "Sensitivity to the developments in the Arab
Arab
world." There had been a campaign against him in the Arab
Arab
media,[80] accusing him of "being a Zionist".[81] In July 2012, Barenboim and the orchestra played a pivotal role at the BBC Proms, performing a cycle of Beethoven's nine symphonies, with the Ninth timed to coincide with the opening of the London 2012 Olympic Games.[82] In addition, he was an Olympic flag carrier at the opening ceremony of the Games.[83] Wolf Prize[edit] In May 2004, Barenboim was awarded the Wolf Prize at a ceremony at the Israeli Knesset. Education Minister Livnat held up the nomination until Barenboim apologized for his performance of Wagner in Israel.[84] Barenboim called Livnat's demand "politically motivated", adding "I don't see what I need to apologize about. If I ever hurt a person privately or in public, I am sorry, because I have no intention of hurting people...", which was good enough for Livnat.[85] The ceremony was boycotted by Knesset
Knesset
Speaker Reuven Rivlin, also a member of the Likud
Likud
party.[86] In his acceptance speech, Barenboim expressed his opinion on the political situation, referring to the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 1948:

I am asking today with deep sorrow: Can we, despite all our achievements, ignore the intolerable gap between what the Declaration of Independence promised and what was fulfilled, the gap between the idea and the realities of Israel? Does the condition of occupation and domination over another people fit the Declaration of Independence? Is there any sense in the independence of one at the expense of the fundamental rights of the other? Can the Jewish people whose history is a record of continued suffering and relentless persecution, allow themselves to be indifferent to the rights and suffering of a neighboring people? Can the State of Israel allow itself an unrealistic dream of an ideological end to the conflict instead of pursuing a pragmatic, humanitarian one based on social justice?[87]

Israel's President Moshe Katsav
Moshe Katsav
and Education Minister Livnat criticized Barenboim for his speech. Livnat accused him of attacking the state of Israel, to which Barenboim replied that he had not done so, but that he instead had cited the text of the Israeli Declaration of Independence.[88] Performing in the West Bank and Gaza Strip[edit] Barenboim has performed several times in the West Bank: at Bir Zeit University in 1999 and several times in Ramallah.[89] In December 2007, Barenboim and 20 musicians from England, the United States, France and Germany, and one Palestinian were scheduled to play a baroque music concert in Gaza.[90] Although they had received authorization from Israeli authorities, the Palestinian was stopped at the Israel-Gaza border and told that he needed individual permission to enter.[90] The group waited seven hours at the border, and then canceled the concert in solidarity.[90] Barenboim commented: "A baroque music concert in a Roman Catholic church in Gaza – as we all know – has nothing to do with security and would bring so much joy to people who live there in great difficulty."[90] In January 2008, after performing in Ramallah, Barenboim accepted honorary Palestinian citizenship, becoming the first Jewish Israeli citizen to be offered the status. Barenboim said he hoped it would serve as a public gesture of peace.[13] Some Israelis criticized Barenboim's decision to accept Palestinian citizenship. The parliamentary faction chairman of the Shas
Shas
party demanded that Barenboim be stripped of his Israeli citizenship, but the Interior Minister told the media that "the matter is not even up for discussion".[91] In January 2009, Barenboim cancelled two concerts of the West–Eastern Divan Orchestra
West–Eastern Divan Orchestra
in Qatar
Qatar
and Cairo
Cairo
"due to the escalating violence in Gaza and the resulting concerns for the musicians’ safety."[92] In May 2011, Barenboim conducted the "Orchestra for Gaza" composed of volunteers from the Berlin Philharmonic, the Berlin Staatskapelle, the Orchestra of La Scala
La Scala
in Milan, the Vienna
Vienna
Philharmonic and the Orchestre de Paris—at al-Mathaf Cultural House. The concert, held in Gaza City, was co-ordinated in secret with the United Nations. The orchestra flew from Berlin to Vienna
Vienna
and from there to El Arish
El Arish
on a plane chartered by Barenboim, entering the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
at the Egyptian Rafah Border Crossing. The musicians were escorted by a convoy of United Nations
United Nations
vehicles.[93] The concert, the first performance by an international classical ensemble in the Strip, was attended by an invited audience of several hundred schoolchildren and NGO workers, who greeted Barenboim with applause.[94] The orchestra played Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik
Eine kleine Nachtmusik
and Symphony
Symphony
No. 40, also familiar to an Arab audience as the basis of one of the songs of the famous Arab
Arab
singer Fairuz. In his speech, Barenboim said: "Everyone has to understand that the Palestinian cause is a just cause therefore it can be only given justice if it is achieved without violence. Violence can only weaken the righteousness of the Palestinian cause".[95] Personal life[edit] Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
met English cellist Jacqueline du Pré
Jacqueline du Pré
on New Year's Eve 1966. Shortly after the end of the Six-Day War, they flew to Jerusalem. She converted to Judaism, and they were married on 15 June 1967[96] at the Western Wall.[97] She was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in October 1973, and died in October 1987. In the early 1980s, Barenboim had a relationship with the Russian pianist Elena Bashkirova. The two lived together and had two children (David Arthur Barenboim, born in Paris
Paris
in 1982, now manager-writer for hip-hop bands, and Michael Barenboim, born in Paris
Paris
in 1985, now a violinist) and were married in 1988, a year after Jacqueline's death. Awards and recognition[edit]

Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, 2002 Prince of Asturias Awards, 2002 (jointly with Edward Said) Toleranzpreis der Evangelischen Akademie Tutzing, 2002 Wilhelm Furtwängler
Wilhelm Furtwängler
Prize, 2003 (with Staatskapelle Berlin) Buber-Rosenzweig-Medal, 2004 Wolf Prize in Arts, 2004 (According to the documentary "Knowledge Is the Beginning", Barenboim donated all the proceeds to music education for Israeli and Palestinian youth) Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2005;[98] Ernst von Siemens Music Prize, 2006 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, 2007[99] Commander of the Legion of Honour, 2007[100] Goethe Medal, Praemium Imperiale, 2007 Nominated "Honorary Guide" by UFO religion Raëlian Movement, 2008[101] International Service Award for the Global Defence of Human Rights, 2008[102] Royal Philharmonic Society
Royal Philharmonic Society
Gold Medal, 2008[103] Istanbul International Music Festival Lifetime Achievement Award, 2009;[104] Léonie Sonning Music Prize, 2009[105] Westphalian Peace Prize (Westfälischer Friedenspreis), in 2010, for his striving for dialog in the Near East; Otto Hahn Peace Medal (Otto-Hahn-Friedensmedaille) of the United Nations Association of Germany (DGVN), Berlin-Brandenburg, for his efforts in promoting peace, humanity and international understanding, 2010; Grand Officier of the Légion d'honneur, 2011[106] Edison Award for Lifetime Achievement 2011, the most prestigious music award of The Netherlands[107] Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
(KBE), 2011;[108][109] Honorary Member of the Berliner Philharmoniker

Honorary degrees

Doctor of Philosophy
Doctor of Philosophy
– PhD, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1996 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 2003 Doctor of Music
Doctor of Music
– D.Mus., University of Oxford, 2007 Doctor of Music
Doctor of Music
– D.Mus., SOAS, University of London, 2008[110] Doctor of Music
Doctor of Music
– D.Mus., Royal Academy of Music, 2010 Doctor of Philosophy
Doctor of Philosophy
– PhD, Weizmann Institute of Science, 2013

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Opera Recording:

Christoph Classen (producer), Eberhard Sengpiel, Tobias Lehmann (engineers), Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(conductor), Jane Eaglen, Thomas Hampson, Waltraud Meier, René Pape, Peter Seiffert, the Chor der Deutschen Staatsoper Berlin & the Staatskapelle Berlin
Staatskapelle Berlin
for Wagner: Tannhäuser (2003)

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Chamber Music Performance:

Daniel Barenboim, Dale Clevenger, Larry Combs, Daniele Damiano, Hansjörg Schellenberger & the Berlin Philharmonic
Berlin Philharmonic
for Beethoven/Mozart: Quintets (Chicago-Berlin) (1995) Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
& Itzhak Perlman
Itzhak Perlman
for Brahms: The Three Violin Sonatas (1991)

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Orchestral Performance:

Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(conductor) & the Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Chicago Symphony Orchestra
for Corigliano: Symphony
Symphony
No. 1 (1992)

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra):

Martin Fouqué (producer), Eberhard Sengpiel (engineer), Daniel Barenboim, Dale Clevenger, Larry Combs, Alex Klein, David McGill & the Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Chicago Symphony Orchestra
for Richard Strauss
Richard Strauss
Wind Concertos (Horn Concerto; Oboe Concerto, etc.) (2002)

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra):

Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(conductor), Itzhak Perlman
Itzhak Perlman
& the Chicago Symphony
Symphony
Orchestra for Elgar: Violin Concerto
Concerto
in B Minor (1983) Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(conductor), Arthur Rubinstein
Arthur Rubinstein
& the London Philharmonic Orchestra for Beethoven: The Five Piano
Piano
Concertos (1977) (also awarded Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Classical Album)

In 2009 Konex Foundation from Argentina granted him the Diamond Konex Award for Classical Music as the most important musician in the last decade in his country. In 2012, he was voted into the Gramophone Hall of Fame.[111] Notes[edit]

^ German: [ˈbaːʁənbɔʏm]; Hebrew: דניאל בארנבוים‎

References[edit]

^ "Daniel Barenboim: In the Beginning Was Sound". The Reith Lectures. 7 April 2006. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 18 January 2014.  ^ "Barenboim to leave La Scala
La Scala
opera". 29 October 2013 – via www.bbc.co.uk.  ^ "Conductor Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
receives honorary knighthood". BBC News. 2011-06-24. Retrieved 2015-02-08.  ^ "SPD verleiht Internationalen Willy-Brandt-Preis an Daniel Barenboim" (Press release). Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (Social Democratic Party Germany). 21 September 2011. Retrieved 2015-02-08.  ^ Who's who in Israel and in the work for Israel abroad – Itzhak Ben – Google Books. Books.google.ca. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/daniel-barenboim-baton-charge-136263.html ^ Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(November 2004). "Why Wilhelm Furtwängler
Wilhelm Furtwängler
Still Moves Us Today". danielbarenboim.com. Translation from an article originally published in Der Tagesspiegel. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.  ^ "Festrede von Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
beim Festakt zur Eröffnung der Salzburger Festspiele 2010" (PDF) (in German). Land Salzburg, Präsidialabteilung. 26 July 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ "Barenboim, Daniel," Who’s Who in World Jewry. Baltimore: WWIWJ, Inc., 1987, p. 28 ^ Zubin Mehta, The Score of My Life. New York: Amadeus Press, 2009, pp. 90, 25–26. ^ a b Duchen, Jessica (18 July 2012). "Daniel and Michael Barenboim: The family that plays together..." The Independent. London. Retrieved 30 January 2018.  ^ AFP. "Conductor Barenboim to be Nobel nominee". Argentina: Dawn.com. Retrieved 15 October 2011.  ^ a b Hirsch, Yael (2008-01-13). "Israeli pianist Daniel Barenboim takes Palestinian citizenship Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ Barenboim, Daniel (14 May 2008). "'Music gives me hope'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 November 2017.  ^ "Israeli conductor Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
to perform with orchestra in Gaza". Haaretz. 2 May 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2011.  ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/daniel-barenboim-baton-charge-136263.html ^ Helga Dudman, "Music with much love," The Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Post, 9 June 1967, p. 5. ^ Julian Lloyd Webber (21 July 2005). "Why make war when you can make music?". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  ^ John von Rhein (14 May 1989). "Barenboim Backlash. The CSO's Henry Fogel Defends Solti's Successor". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 5 May 2011.  ^ AP (26 February 2004). "Barenboim to Leave Chicago Symphony
Symphony
in 06". Backstage. Retrieved 5 January 2017.  ^ Kate Connolly (15 November 2002). "Barenboim in battle to save Berlin opera house". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  ^ Michael Henderson (20 June 2006). "Goodbye Chicago, hello world". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  ^ Barbara McMahon (16 May 2006). "Barenboim to be La Scala's guest". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  ^ Fiona Maddocks (2011-12-11). "A tale of two Italian opera cities". The Observer. Retrieved 2015-02-08.  ^ a) Michael Henderson (1 April 2006). "Daniel in the circus lions' den". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  b) Kate Connolly (9 March 2006). "Maverick maestro plays a different tune". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  c) Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(8 April 2006). "In the beginning, there was sound. Then came Muzak". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  d) Peter Beaumont (2 April 2006). "Maestro of the Middle East". The Observer. London. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  ^ Richard Dyer (January–February 2007). "Ideas, Appassionato". Harvard Magazine. pp. 14–15. Archived from the original on 13 May 2007. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  ^ Daniel J. Wakin (29 November 2006). "Unprompted, Lorin Maazel Nominates His Successor". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  ^ Mark Landler (30 November 2006). "Proposed Philharmonic Candidate Is Flattered, if Coy". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 April 2007.  ^ Wakin, Daniel J. (25 April 2007). "Philharmonic to Add a Position at the Top". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 1 September 2011.  ^ Daniel Barenboim. "On Conducting
Conducting
the New Year's Day
New Year's Day
Concert with the Vienna
Vienna
Philharmonic" (PDF). Wiener Philharmoniker. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2011.  ^ "Neujahrskonzert 2009 – Daniel Barenboims sanfte Revolution". Kleine Zeitung (in German). 1 January 2009. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2012.  ^ Rebecca Schmid. "Plans for Barenboim–Said Academy
Barenboim–Said Academy
in Berlin Unveiled". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 October 2014.  ^ Smale, Alison (9 December 2016). "The Barenboim-Said Academy Opens in Berlin". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved 22 November 2017.  ^ Barenboim's liner notes for his recording of Beethoven's symphonies, Teldec, ASIN B00004S1EV, 2000. ^ Ich bin mit Bach aufgewachsen ("I was reared on Bach"), Barenboim's liner notes for his recordings of Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier. Translated by Gery Bramall. ^ Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(31 August 2001). "Love, the hard way". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 September 2011.  ^ Stephen Moss "Daniel in the lion's den", The Guardian, 22 October 1999. ^ "Barenboim anticipó su gran concierto con un ensayo en pleno Obelisco". Clarin.com. 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ "Two Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
box sets to be released this November", Pianist
Pianist
magazine, 20 September 2017 ^ " Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
– A Retrospective, The Complete Sony Recordings", Presto Classical ^ "Bronislaw Szulc at Levant Fair Concert Hall [Tel Aviv]," Palestine Post, 20 July 1938, p. 6 ^ Chaim Gans (2003). "Moralische Aspekte des Israelischen Wagner-Boykotts". In Moshe Zuckermann. Medien – Politik – Geschichte. Tel Aviver Jahrbuch für deutsche Geschichte (in German). Verlag Wallstein Verlag. p. 385. ISBN 3892446571.  ^ Paul R. Mendes-Flohr; Jehuda Reinharz, eds. (1995). The Jew in the Modern World. Oxford University Press. p. 230, fn1 to Richard Wagner, "Jewry in Music," translation and excerpt of "Das Judenthum in der Musik," pp. 327–331.  ^ " Haifa
Haifa
Symphony
Symphony
Orchestra Cancels Wagnerian Concert on 'crystal Night' Jewish Telegraphic Agency". Archive.jta.org. 1963-11-12. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ "Philharmonic Drops Wagner from Program to Avoid Disturbances Jewish Telegraphic Agency". Archive.jta.org. 1974-06-25. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ Hugh Orgel, "Controversy Flares over Playing of Wagner's Music by the IPO," Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 23 October 1981. ^ "News Brief," Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 7 August 1985 ^ Hugh Orgel, "Israeli Philharmonic Rehearses Two Pieces of Richard Wagner," Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 2 November 1989. ^ Helen Kaye, "Berlin orchestra won't play Wagner," The Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Post International Edition, 11 November 1989, p. 7. ^ Hugh Orgel, "Chorus of Protest Erupts in Israel over IPO Decision to Perform Wagner," Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 16 December 1991. ^ Hugh Orgel, "IPO Goes Ahead and Plays Wagner, in Guise of a Rehearsal Concert," Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 29 December 1991. ^ News Brief, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 30 October 2000. ^ Ohad Gozani, "Israeli battle over Wagner," The Daily Telegraph, 14 May 2001. Retrieved 1 September 2011. ^ News Brief, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 31 May 2001; Larry Derfner, "Aryan virtues vs. musical greatness," Chicago Jewish Star, 25 May 2001, pp.7–8. ^ Zipi Shohat, "Wagner gets in through the back door. Some are angry about Daniel Barenboim's decision to conduct Wagner, but call it a historic occasion nonetheless," Haaretz, 18 July 2001; Inigo Gilmore, "Barenboim shatters Israel taboo on Wagner," The Daily Telegraph, 9 July 2001; Will Hodgkinson, "Orchestral manoeuvres," The Guardian, 13 August 2004. ^ Gila Wertheimer, "Subscribers turning a deaf ear to CSO," Chicago Jewish Star, 14 September 2001, p. 2; Letters, Chicago Jewish Star, 28 September 2001, p. 4. ^ Daniel Barenboim, "Those who want to leave, do so," The Guardian, 6 September 2002. ^ Joel Greenberg, "Playing a Bit of Wagner Sets Off an Uproar in Israel," The New York Times, 9 July 2001, p. A4; Associated Press, "Barenboim plays Wagner," Chicago Sun-Times, 8 July 2001, p. 2A. ^ News Brief, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 25 July 2001. ^ Zipi Shohat, "Mehta slams Knesset
Knesset
boycott of Barenboim," Haaretz, 26 July 2001. ^ Jason Keyser, "Apology (sort of) delivered, now Barenboim will get prize," Chicago Sun-Times, 17 December 2003, p. 80. ^ " Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
Discusses Music As A Bridge For Peace In The Middle East". Calendar.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ Paul Sullivan, " Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
at Columbia University," Financial Times, 27 January 2005, ^ Daniel J. Wakin, "Barenboim Criticizes Israeli Views", The New York Times, 26 January 2005 ^ Rachel Pomerance, "Barenboim Comments Spark Anger As Controversy at Columbia Builds," Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 26 January 2005; Liel Lebovitz, "Maestro Maelstrom at Columbia," The Jewish Week, 28 January 2005. ^ Oestreich, James R. (2 March 2007). "Musing on the Barenboim X-Factor". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2010.  ^ Associated Press, "Israeli conductor Barenboim wants to 'liberate' Wagner from Nazi association," Haaretz, 3 December 2010. ^ a b c d "Spiegel Interview with Daniel Barenboim: 'The Germans Are Prisoners of Their Past'". Der Spiegel.  ^ Supporting Barenboim's position: Editorial, "Keep Wagner on the program," Chicago Sun-Times, 18 December 1991; Karl E. Meyer, "Wagner, Israel – and Herzl," The New York Times, 19 December 1991, p. A18; Leonard Bernstein, "Wagner’s Music Isn't Racist," The New York Times, 26 December 1991; Editorial, "A grim Holocaust memory… but don't censor Wagner," Chicago Tribune, 10 July 2001. Opposing Barenboim's position: "Wagner in Israel," The Jewish Star, Calgary edition, 20 November 1981, p. 4; Gideon Hausner, "The case against Wagner," The Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Post International Edition, 25–31 October 1981, p. 15; Eugene Blum, "Don't play Wagner," The International Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Post, 10 November 2000; Manuela Hoelterhoff, "Should Israel Switch Off Wagner?" Wall Street Journal, 13 July 2001, p. A10; Martin Sherman, "With friends like Daniel," The International Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Post, 20 September 2002, p. 13; Editorial, "Bye-bye, Daniel. As a high profile critic of Israel, Mr. Barenboim's departure [from the Chicago Symphony
Symphony
Orchestra] brings relief," Chicago Jewish Star, 23 June 2006, p. 4; Terry Teachout, "Why Israel Still Shuts Wagner Out," Wall Street Journal, 31 January – 1 February 2009, p. W1. ^ "Norman Lebrecht, " Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
– Playing Politics". ''La Scena Musicale". Scena.org. 3 December 2003. Retrieved 1 September 2011.  ^ " Conducting
Conducting
a one-man experiment in peace. Profile: Daniel Barenboim". The Sunday Times. London. 21 August 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2011.  ^ Daniel Barenboim, "Germany must talk straight with Israel," The Guardian, 9 November 2014, URL=https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/nov/09/germany-israel-history-peace-daniel-barenboim ^ Suzie Mackenzie (5 April 2003). "In harmony". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 1 September 2011.  ^ Daniel Barenbolm (25 October 2004). "Sound and vision". Arts.guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 1 September 2011.  ^ Martin Kettle (2001-08-03). "Everything to play for Education The Guardian". Education.guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ Geraldine Bedell. "Daniel's codes of conduct From the Observer The Observer". Observer.guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ [1] Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Culture, Arts and Entertainment". Telegraph. 2014-01-08. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ "Conductor Barenboim in radio row". BBC. 3 September 2005.  ^ Smadar Perry (1 May 2012). "'Zionist' Barenboim's Qatar
Qatar
concert cancelled". YNetnews. Retrieved 29 May 2012.  ^ Omar Barghouti (28 April 2012). "view all Israeli- Arab
Arab
Normalization Hits a Snag". Al-Akhbar English. Retrieved 29 May 2012.  ^ Guy Dammann (2012-07-29). "Prom 18: West–Eastern Divan Orchestra/Barenboim – review". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-02-08.  ^ Owen Gibson (2012-07-27). "Olympic cauldron lit by sport stars of future". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-02-08.  ^ Ohad Gozani (17 December 2003). "Barenboim changes tune". Telegraph. London.  ^ " Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
to apologize, receive Wolf Award". Haaretz. Associated Press. 16 December 2003. Retrieved 4 May 2011.  ^ Alon, Gideon (5 May 2004). "Rivlin to boycott Barenboim prize award". Haaretz.  ^ [2] Archived 20 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine. ^ [3][dead link] ^ [4] Archived 19 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d "Conductor Barenboim slams Israel after musician barred from entering Gaza". Haaretz. Associated Press. 17 December 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2007.  ^ "Israeli pianist Barenboim takes Palestinian passport". Ynetnews. 14 January 2008.  ^ Itzkoff, Dave (6 January 2009). "Barenboim Cancels Middle East Concerts". The New York Times.  ^ Michael Kimmelman
Michael Kimmelman
(4 May 2011). "Mozart Leaps Perilous Hurdles to Reach an Audience in Gaza". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 May 2011.  ^ "Conductor Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
holds Gaza 'peace concert'". BBC. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2011.  ^ Conal Urquhart (3 May 2011). " Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
brings 'solace and pleasure' to Gaza with Mozart concert. Israeli conductor voices support for non-violence and Palestinian state during performance for schoolchildren and NGO workers". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 May 2011.  ^ "Jacqueline DuPré Biography".  ^ Ian Phillips (28 May 1999). "Classical: Defending the real Jackie". The Independent. Retrieved 15 June 2012.  ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter B" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 17 May 2011.  ^ "Presidenza della Repubblica". Quirinale.it. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ [5] Archived 8 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Conductor Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
Honorary Guide of the Raelian Movement". Raelianews. Retrieved 20 July 2009.  ^ "Daniel Barenboim". International Service. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ "Gold Medal for Daniel Barenboim". The Royal Philharmonic Society. 29 January 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2008.  ^ "37th International İstanbul Music Festival ends". Istanbul Foundation for Culture and Arts. 30 June 2009. Archived from the original on 7 July 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2009.  ^ "Årets-Næste prismodtager Daniel Barenboim, pianist og dirigent" (in Danish). Léonie Sonnings Musikfond. 29 January 2009. Archived from the original on 29 May 2009. Retrieved 28 February 2009.  ^ "Cérémonie de remise des insignes de Grand Officier de la Légion d'honneur à M. Daniel Barenboim". Présidence de la République – Élysée. 28 February 2011. Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2011.  ^ "Oeuvreprijs Klassiek voor Daniel Barenboim". 29 March 2011.  ^ "Conductor Barenboim to accept British knighthood". AFP. 23 June 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2011.  ^ "Conductor Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
receives honorary knighthood". BBC. 24 June 2011.  ^ " SOAS
SOAS
Honorary Fellows". SOAS.  ^ " Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(pianist and conductor)". Retrieved 10 April 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Daniel Barenboim

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Daniel Barenboim.

Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
official website Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
at AllMusic Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
Revealed on CNN.com Parallels and Paradoxes, NPR interview with Barenboim and Edward Said, 28 December 2002 In harmony, [Guardian] newspaper feature on Barenboim and Said, 5 April 2003 In the Beginning was Sound, 2006 BBC Radio 4
BBC Radio 4
Reith Lectures. BBC Radio 3 interviews, November 1991 Discography at SonyBMG Masterworks Elgar
Elgar
Cello Concerto
Concerto
in E minor, opus 85 Jacqueline Du Pré with Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
and The New Philharmonia Orchestra on YouTube Review: Fidelio played by Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
and the West–Eastern Divan Orchestra Westphalian Peace Prize Barenboim's outstanding Beethoven, on the symphony cycle at classicstoday.com Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
and Arab
Arab
Anti-Israel Sentiment: A Classic Example of Political Naivety Mutual Appreciation Is Essential Interview with Daniel Barenboim Two interviews with Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
by Bruce Duffie, November 2, 1985 & September 11, 1993

Cultural offices

Preceded by Sir Georg Solti Music Director, Orchestre de Paris 1975–1989 Succeeded by Semyon Bychkov

Preceded by Sir Georg Solti Music Director, Chicago Symphony
Symphony
Orchestra 1991–2006 Succeeded by Riccardo Muti

Preceded by Otmar Suitner Music Director, Berlin State Opera 1992–present Succeeded by incumbent

Awards for Daniel Barenboim

v t e

Ernst von Siemens Music Prize

Benjamin Britten
Benjamin Britten
(1974) Olivier Messiaen
Olivier Messiaen
(1975) Mstislav Rostropovich
Mstislav Rostropovich
(1976) Herbert von Karajan
Herbert von Karajan
(1977) Rudolf Serkin
Rudolf Serkin
(1978) Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(1979) Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
(1980) Elliott Carter
Elliott Carter
(1981) Gidon Kremer
Gidon Kremer
(1982) Witold Lutosławski
Witold Lutosławski
(1983) Yehudi Menuhin
Yehudi Menuhin
(1984) Andrés Segovia
Andrés Segovia
(1985) Karlheinz Stockhausen
Karlheinz Stockhausen
(1986) Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
(1987) Peter Schreier
Peter Schreier
(1988) Luciano Berio
Luciano Berio
(1989) Hans Werner Henze
Hans Werner Henze
(1990) Heinz Holliger (1991) H. C. Robbins Landon
H. C. Robbins Landon
(1992) György Ligeti
György Ligeti
(1993) Claudio Abbado
Claudio Abbado
(1994) Harrison Birtwistle
Harrison Birtwistle
(1995) Maurizio Pollini
Maurizio Pollini
(1996) Helmut Lachenmann (1997) György Kurtág
György Kurtág
(1998) Arditti Quartet (1999) Mauricio Kagel
Mauricio Kagel
(2000) Reinhold Brinkmann (2001) Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Nikolaus Harnoncourt
(2002) Wolfgang Rihm
Wolfgang Rihm
(2002) Alfred Brendel
Alfred Brendel
(2004) Henri Dutilleux
Henri Dutilleux
(2004) Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(2005) Brian Ferneyhough (2007) Anne-Sophie Mutter
Anne-Sophie Mutter
(2008) Klaus Huber
Klaus Huber
(2009) Michael Gielen (2010) Aribert Reimann
Aribert Reimann
(2011) Friedrich Cerha
Friedrich Cerha
(2012) Mariss Jansons
Mariss Jansons
(2013) Peter Gülke (2014) Christoph Eschenbach
Christoph Eschenbach
(2015) Per Nørgård
Per Nørgård
(2016) Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Pierre-Laurent Aimard
(2017) Beat Furrer (2018)

v t e

Herbert von Karajan
Herbert von Karajan
Music Prize Laureates

Anne-Sophie Mutter
Anne-Sophie Mutter
(2003) Berlin Philharmonic
Berlin Philharmonic
(2004) Evgeny Kissin
Evgeny Kissin
(2005) Valery Gergiev
Valery Gergiev
(2006) John Neumeier (2007) Alfred Brendel
Alfred Brendel
(2008) Thomas Quasthoff
Thomas Quasthoff
(2009) Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(2010) Helmuth Rilling
Helmuth Rilling
(2011) Cecilia Bartoli
Cecilia Bartoli
(2012) Edita Gruberová
Edita Gruberová
(2013) Vienna
Vienna
Philharmonic (2014) Thomas Hengelbrock (2015) Daniil Trifonov
Daniil Trifonov
(2017) Sol Gabetta
Sol Gabetta
(2018)

v t e

Léonie Sonning Music Prize Laureates

1950s

Igor Stravinsky
Igor Stravinsky
(1959)

1960s

Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
(1965) Birgit Nilsson
Birgit Nilsson
(1966) Witold Lutosławski
Witold Lutosławski
(1967) Benjamin Britten
Benjamin Britten
(1968) Boris Christoff
Boris Christoff
(1969)

1970s

Sergiu Celibidache
Sergiu Celibidache
(1970) Arthur Rubinstein
Arthur Rubinstein
(1971) Yehudi Menuhin
Yehudi Menuhin
(1972) Dmitri Shostakovich
Dmitri Shostakovich
(1973) Andrés Segovia
Andrés Segovia
(1974) Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
(1975) Mogens Wöldike (1976) Olivier Messiaen
Olivier Messiaen
(1977) Jean-Pierre Rampal
Jean-Pierre Rampal
(1978) Janet Baker
Janet Baker
(1979)

1980s

Marie-Claire Alain
Marie-Claire Alain
(1980) Mstislav Rostropovich
Mstislav Rostropovich
(1981) Isaac Stern
Isaac Stern
(1982) Rafael Kubelík
Rafael Kubelík
(1983) Miles Davis
Miles Davis
(1984) Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(1985) Sviatoslav Richter
Sviatoslav Richter
(1986) Heinz Holliger (1987) Peter Schreier
Peter Schreier
(1988) Gidon Kremer
Gidon Kremer
(1989)

1990s

György Ligeti
György Ligeti
(1990) Eric Ericson
Eric Ericson
(1991) Georg Solti
Georg Solti
(1992) Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Nikolaus Harnoncourt
(1993) Krystian Zimerman
Krystian Zimerman
(1994) Yuri Bashmet
Yuri Bashmet
(1995) Per Nørgård
Per Nørgård
(1996) András Schiff
András Schiff
(1997) Hildegard Behrens (1998) Sofia Gubaidulina
Sofia Gubaidulina
(1999)

2000s

Michala Petri
Michala Petri
(2000) Anne-Sophie Mutter
Anne-Sophie Mutter
(2001) Alfred Brendel
Alfred Brendel
(2002) György Kurtág
György Kurtág
(2003) Keith Jarrett
Keith Jarrett
(2004) John Eliot Gardiner
John Eliot Gardiner
(2005) Yo-Yo Ma
Yo-Yo Ma
(2006) Lars Ulrik Mortensen (2007) Arvo Pärt
Arvo Pärt
(2008) Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(2009)

2010s

Cecilia Bartoli
Cecilia Bartoli
(2010) Kaija Saariaho
Kaija Saariaho
(2011) Jordi Savall
Jordi Savall
(2012) Simon Rattle
Simon Rattle
(2013) Martin Fröst
Martin Fröst
(2014) Thomas Adès
Thomas Adès
(2015) Herbert Blomstedt
Herbert Blomstedt
(2016) Leonidas Kavakos
Leonidas Kavakos
(2017) Mariss Jansons
Mariss Jansons
(2018)

v t e

Laureates of the Wolf Prize in Arts

Architecture

Ralph Erskine (1983/4) Fumihiko Maki
Fumihiko Maki
/ Giancarlo De Carlo
Giancarlo De Carlo
(1988) Frank Gehry
Frank Gehry
/ Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
/ Denys Lasdun
Denys Lasdun
(1992) Frei Otto
Frei Otto
/ Aldo van Eyck
Aldo van Eyck
(1996/7) Álvaro Siza Vieira
Álvaro Siza Vieira
(2001) Jean Nouvel
Jean Nouvel
(2005) David Chipperfield
David Chipperfield
/ Peter Eisenman
Peter Eisenman
(2010) Eduardo Souto de Moura
Eduardo Souto de Moura
(2013) Phyllis Lambert (2016)

Music

Vladimir Horowitz
Vladimir Horowitz
/ Olivier Messiaen
Olivier Messiaen
/ Josef Tal
Josef Tal
(1982) Isaac Stern
Isaac Stern
/ Krzysztof Penderecki
Krzysztof Penderecki
(1987) Yehudi Menuhin
Yehudi Menuhin
/ Luciano Berio
Luciano Berio
(1991) Zubin Mehta
Zubin Mehta
/ György Ligeti
György Ligeti
(1995/6) Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
/ Riccardo Muti
Riccardo Muti
(2000) Mstislav Rostropovich
Mstislav Rostropovich
/ Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(2004) Giya Kancheli
Giya Kancheli
/ Claudio Abbado
Claudio Abbado
(2008) Plácido Domingo
Plácido Domingo
/ Simon Rattle
Simon Rattle
(2012) Jessye Norman
Jessye Norman
/ Murray Perahia
Murray Perahia
(2015)

Painting

Marc Chagall
Marc Chagall
/ Antoni Tàpies
Antoni Tàpies
(1981) Jasper Johns
Jasper Johns
(1986) Anselm Kiefer
Anselm Kiefer
(1990) Gerhard Richter
Gerhard Richter
(1994/5) Louise Bourgeois
Louise Bourgeois
(2002/3) Michelangelo Pistoletto
Michelangelo Pistoletto
(2006/7) Rosemarie Trockel
Rosemarie Trockel
(2011)

Sculpture

Eduardo Chillida
Eduardo Chillida
(1984/5) Claes Oldenburg
Claes Oldenburg
(1989) Bruce Nauman
Bruce Nauman
(1993) James Turrell
James Turrell
(1998) Louise Bourgeois
Louise Bourgeois
(2002/3) Michelangelo Pistoletto
Michelangelo Pistoletto
(2006/7) Olafur Eliasson
Olafur Eliasson
(2014) Laurie Anderson
Laurie Anderson
/ Lawrence Weiner
Lawrence Weiner
(2017) Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
/ Ádám Fischer
Ádám Fischer
(2018)

Agriculture Arts Chemistry Mathematics Medicine Physics

v t e

Orchestre de Paris Music Directors

Charles Munch (1967) Herbert von Karajan
Herbert von Karajan
(1969) Georg Solti
Georg Solti
(1972) Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(1975) Semyon Bychkov (1989) Christoph von Dohnányi (1998) Christoph Eschenbach
Christoph Eschenbach
(2000) Paavo Järvi (2010) Daniel Harding
Daniel Harding
(2016)

v t e

Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Music Directors

Theodore Thomas (1891) Frederick Stock
Frederick Stock
(1905) Désiré Defauw
Désiré Defauw
(1943) Artur Rodziński (1947) Rafael Kubelík
Rafael Kubelík
(1950) Fritz Reiner
Fritz Reiner
(1953) Jean Martinon (1963) Irwin Hoffman (1968) Georg Solti
Georg Solti
(1969) Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(1991) Riccardo Muti
Riccardo Muti
(2010)

v t e

Berlin Staatsoper General Music Directors

Johannes Wesalius (1572) Johannes Eccard
Johannes Eccard
(1609) Nicolaus Zangius (1612) William Brade (1618) Johann Friedrich Agricola (1759) Johann Friedrich Reichardt
Johann Friedrich Reichardt
(1775) Bernhard Anselm Weber (1816) Gaspare Spontini
Gaspare Spontini
(1820) Giacomo Meyerbeer
Giacomo Meyerbeer
(1842) Otto Nicolai
Otto Nicolai
(1848) Robert Radecke
Robert Radecke
(1871) Joseph Sucher (1888) Richard Strauss
Richard Strauss
(1899) Leo Blech
Leo Blech
(1913) Erich Kleiber
Erich Kleiber
(1923) Clemens Krauss
Clemens Krauss
(1935) Herbert von Karajan
Herbert von Karajan
(1941) Joseph Keilberth
Joseph Keilberth
(1948) Erich Kleiber
Erich Kleiber
(1951) Franz Konwitschny
Franz Konwitschny
(1955) Otmar Suitner
Otmar Suitner
(1964) Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(1992)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 104029553 LCCN: n81042605 ISNI: 0000 0001 2146 2413 GND: 118506560 SELIBR: 280321 SUDOC: 031419739 BNF: cb13891158n (data) MusicBrainz: fac566b2-7a0e-4977-ad92-533f43420975 NLA: 36552303 NDL: 00462796 NKC: jn19990000444 ICCU: ITICCURAVV59165 BNE: XX847206 CiNii: DA04107

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