The Damtshaa diamond mine is a
Diamond is a solid form of the element carbon with its atoms arranged in a crystal structure called diamond cubic
The diamond cubic crystal structure is a repeating pattern of 8 atoms that certain materials may adopt as they solidify. Wh ... mine
Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana ( tn, Lefatshe la Botswana, label= Setswana; Kalanga: ''Hango yeBotswana''), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa
Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African ...
about west of the city of Francistown
. Damtshaa, meaning "water for a
Tortoises () are reptile species of the family Testudinidae of the order Testudines (from the Latin name for tortoise). They are particularly distinguished from other turtles by being exclusively land-dwelling, while many (though not all) other ...
", is owned by Debswana
A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as business partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests. The partners in a partnership may be individuals, business entity, businesses, interest-based organizations, schools ...
De Beers Group is an international corporation that specialises in diamond mining, diamond exploitation, diamond retail, diamond trading and industrial diamond manufacturing sectors. The company is active in open-pit, large-scale alluvial and c ...
company, Aquarius Global Resources and the government of Botswana. It is the newest of four mines operated by the company, officially opening on October 25, 2003.
Damtshaa is of open pit
construction, located on top of four distinct
Cross-section of kimberlite from South Africa. The kimberlite matrix is made up of clay minerals and carbonates, presented in blue, purple and buff colours.
Kimberlite is an igneous rock, which sometimes contains diamonds. It is named after the ... pipes
of varying ore grade
. The mine is forecast to produce about 5 million carats
(1,000 kg) of diamond from 39 million tons of ore
over the projected 31 year life of the mine. In 2003, the Damtshaa mine produced 292,000 carats (58.4 kg). Recovered ore grade averages about 0.6 carats (12 mg) per
The tonne ( or ; symbol: t) is a Metric_units#Mass, metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms. It is commonly referred to as a metric ton in the United States. It is equivalent to approximately international avoirdupois pound, pound ...
. The ore produced at Damtshaa is processed at a processing plant at its sister mine, the Orapa diamond mine
, about distant. The Damtshaa mine is also managed from the Orapa mine
, and is included in Orapa's and Letlhakane diamond mine, Letlhakane's safety and environmental programs, meaning that Damtshaa is also ISO 14001 certified. Damtshaa employs around 180 people.
Diamond mines in Botswana
Surface mines in Botswana
Diatremes of Botswana