DAMON FRANCIS KNIGHT (September 19, 1922 – April 15, 2002) was a Hugo Award-winning American science fiction author , editor, critic , and fan . He is the author of " To Serve Man ", a 1950 short story adapted for _The Twilight Zone _. He was married to fellow writer Kate Wilhelm .
* 1 Biography
* 2 Selected works
* 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 Sources * 7 External links
Knight was born in Baker, Oregon in 1922, and grew up in Hood River, Oregon . He entered science-fiction fandom at the age of eleven and published two issues of a fanzine entitled _Snide_.
Knight's first professional sale was a cartoon drawing to a science-fiction magazine, _ Amazing Stories _. His first story, "The Itching Hour," appeared in the Summer 1940 number of _Futuria Fantasia _, edited and published by Ray Bradbury . "Resilience" followed in the February 1941 number of _Stirring Science Stories_, edited by Donald Wolheim . An editorial error made the latter story's ending incomprehensible; it was reprinted in a 1978 magazine in four pages with a two-page introduction by Knight.
At the time of his first story sale, he was living in New York, and was a member of the Futurians . One of his short stories describes paranormal disruption of a science fiction fan group, and contains cameo appearances of various Futurians and others under thinly-disguised names: for instance, non-Futurian SF writer H. Beam Piper is identified as "H. Dreyne Fifer".
Knight's forte was short stories and he is widely acknowledged as
having been a master of the genre. To the general public, he is best
known as the author of "
To Serve Man ", a 1950 short story adapted for
_The Twilight Zone _. It won a 50-year
Retro Hugo in 2001 as the best
short story of 1950. He also became well known as a science fiction
critic, a career which began when he wrote in 1945 that A. E. van Vogt
"is not a giant as often maintained. He's only a pygmy who has learned
to operate an overgrown typewriter." After nine years, he ceased
reviewing when a magazine refused to publish one review exactly as he
wrote it. These reviews were later collected in _In Search of Wonder
_. The term "idiot plot ", a story that only functions because almost
everyone in it is an idiot, became well-known through Knight's
frequent use of it in his reviews, though he believed the term was
probably invented by
Knight was the founder of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of
America (SFWA), cofounder of the
National Fantasy Fan Federation ,
cofounder of the Milford Writer\'s Workshop , and cofounder of the
Clarion Writers Workshop . The SFWA officers and past presidents
named Knight its 13th Grand Master in 1994 (presented 1995). After his
death, the associated award was renamed the
Main article: Damon Knight bibliography
* _Hell\'s Pavement _ (1955) * _ A for Anything _ (1961) (original version titled _The People Maker_, 1959) * _ Masters of Evolution _ (1959) * _ The Sun Saboteurs _ (1961) * _ Beyond the Barrier _ (1964) * _ Mind Switch _ (1965) * _Double Meaning _ (1965) * _The Earth Quarter _ (1970) * _World without Children_ (1970) * _The World and Thorinn_ (1980) * _The Man in the Tree_ (1984) * _CV _ (1985) * _ The Observers _ (1988) * _A Reasonable World_ (1991) * _God's Nose_ (1991) * _Why Do Birds_ (1992) * _Humpty Dumpty: An Oval_ (1996)
SHORT STORIES AND OTHER WRITINGS
* "Not with a Bang " (1949)
To Serve Man " (1950)
* "Ask Me Anything" (1951)
* "Cabin Boy" (1951)
* "Catch that Martian" (1952)
* "The Analogues" (1952)
* "Beachcomber" (1952)
* "Ticket to Anywhere" (1952)
* "Anachron" (1953)
* "Babel II" (1953)
* "Four in One" (1953)
LITERARY CRITICISM AND ANALYSIS
* _ In Search of Wonder _ (1956) (collected reviews and critical pieces) * _Creating Short Fiction_ (1981) (advice on writing short stories) * _Turning Points_ (editor/contributor: critical anthology) * _Orbit _ (editor) * _The Futurians_ (1977, memoir/history)
SHORT STORY COLLECTIONS
* Science fiction portal
* ^ Futurians Chester Cohen and Knight used the name Conanight jointly for two 1942 illustrations. Knight wrote three 1943–1944 short stories as Stuart Fleming.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_
* Aldiss, Brian W.; Harrison, Harry (1976). _Hell's Cartographers_. London: Futura. ISBN 0-86007-907-4 . * Gunn, James E.; Candelaria, Matthew (2005). _Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction_. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-4902-X . * Pohl, Frederik (2002). _The SFWA Grand Masters_. 3. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-86876-6 . * Stanyard, Stewart T. (2006). _Dimensions Behind the Twilight Zone: A Backstage Tribute to Television's Groundbreaking Series_. Chicago: ECW Press. ISBN 978-1-55022-744-4 .