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DAMON FRANCIS KNIGHT (September 19, 1922 – April 15, 2002) was a Hugo Award-winning American science fiction author , editor, critic , and fan . He is the author of " To Serve Man ", a 1950 short story adapted for _The Twilight Zone _. He was married to fellow writer Kate Wilhelm .

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography

* 2 Selected works

* 2.1 Novels * 2.2 Short stories and other writings * 2.3 Literary criticism and analysis * 2.4 Short story collections

* 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 Sources * 7 External links

BIOGRAPHY

Knight was born in Baker, Oregon in 1922, and grew up in Hood River, Oregon . He entered science-fiction fandom at the age of eleven and published two issues of a fanzine entitled _Snide_.

Knight's first professional sale was a cartoon drawing to a science-fiction magazine, _ Amazing Stories _. His first story, "The Itching Hour," appeared in the Summer 1940 number of _Futuria Fantasia _, edited and published by Ray Bradbury . "Resilience" followed in the February 1941 number of _Stirring Science Stories_, edited by Donald Wolheim . An editorial error made the latter story's ending incomprehensible; it was reprinted in a 1978 magazine in four pages with a two-page introduction by Knight.

At the time of his first story sale, he was living in New York, and was a member of the Futurians . One of his short stories describes paranormal disruption of a science fiction fan group, and contains cameo appearances of various Futurians and others under thinly-disguised names: for instance, non-Futurian SF writer H. Beam Piper is identified as "H. Dreyne Fifer".

Knight's forte was short stories and he is widely acknowledged as having been a master of the genre. To the general public, he is best known as the author of " To Serve Man ", a 1950 short story adapted for _The Twilight Zone _. It won a 50-year Retro Hugo in 2001 as the best short story of 1950. He also became well known as a science fiction critic, a career which began when he wrote in 1945 that A. E. van Vogt "is not a giant as often maintained. He's only a pygmy who has learned to operate an overgrown typewriter." After nine years, he ceased reviewing when a magazine refused to publish one review exactly as he wrote it. These reviews were later collected in _In Search of Wonder _. The term "idiot plot ", a story that only functions because almost everyone in it is an idiot, became well-known through Knight's frequent use of it in his reviews, though he believed the term was probably invented by James Blish
James Blish
. Knight's only non- Retro Hugo Award was for "Best Reviewer", in 1956.

Knight was the founder of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA), cofounder of the National Fantasy Fan Federation , cofounder of the Milford Writer\'s Workshop , and cofounder of the Clarion Writers Workshop . The SFWA officers and past presidents named Knight its 13th Grand Master in 1994 (presented 1995). After his death, the associated award was renamed the Damon Knight
Damon Knight
Memorial Grand Master Award in his honor. The Science Fiction Hall of Fame inducted him in 2003.

Until his death, Knight lived in Eugene, Oregon , with his second wife, author Kate Wilhelm . His papers are held in the University of Oregon Special
Special
Collections and University Archive.

SELECTED WORKS

Main article: Damon Knight bibliography

NOVELS

* _Hell\'s Pavement _ (1955) * _ A for Anything _ (1961) (original version titled _The People Maker_, 1959) * _ Masters of Evolution _ (1959) * _ The Sun Saboteurs _ (1961) * _ Beyond the Barrier _ (1964) * _ Mind Switch _ (1965) * _Double Meaning _ (1965) * _The Earth Quarter _ (1970) * _World without Children_ (1970) * _The World and Thorinn_ (1980) * _The Man in the Tree_ (1984) * _CV _ (1985) * _ The Observers _ (1988) * _A Reasonable World_ (1991) * _God's Nose_ (1991) * _Why Do Birds_ (1992) * _Humpty Dumpty: An Oval_ (1996)

SHORT STORIES AND OTHER WRITINGS

* "Not with a Bang " (1949) * " To Serve Man " (1950) * "Ask Me Anything" (1951) * "Cabin Boy" (1951) * "Catch that Martian" (1952) * "The Analogues" (1952) * "Beachcomber" (1952) * "Ticket to Anywhere" (1952) * "Anachron" (1953) * "Babel II" (1953) * "Four in One" (1953) * " Special
Special
Delivery " (1953) * "Natural State" (1954) * "Rule Golden" (1954) * " The Country of the Kind " (1955) * " Dulcie and Decorum " (1955) * "You\'re Another " (1955) * "This way to the Regress (1956) * " Extempore " (1956) * "The Last Word " (1956) * "Stranger Station" (1956) * "Dio" (1957) * "The Dying Man" (1957) * "The Enemy " (1958) * "An Eye for a What?" (1957) * "Be My Guest " (1958) * "Eripmav" (1958) * " Idiot Stick " (1958) * "Thing of Beauty " (1958) * "The Handler" (1960) * " Time Enough " (1960) * _A Century of Science Fiction_ (1962) (editor) * "The Big Pat Boom" (1963) * _God's Nose_ (1964) * _Maid to Measure_ (1964) * " Shall the Dust Praise Thee? " (1967) * "Masks '" (1968) * _I See You_ (1976) * _Forever_ (1981) * _O_ (1983) * _Strangers on Paradise_ (1986) * _Not a Creature_ (1993) * _Fortyday_ (1994) * _Life Edit_ (1996) * "Double Meaning" * "In the Beginning"

LITERARY CRITICISM AND ANALYSIS

* _ In Search of Wonder _ (1956) (collected reviews and critical pieces) * _Creating Short Fiction_ (1981) (advice on writing short stories) * _Turning Points_ (editor/contributor: critical anthology) * _Orbit _ (editor) * _The Futurians_ (1977, memoir/history)

SHORT STORY COLLECTIONS

* _Far Out _ (1961) (contains " To Serve Man ") * _In Deep _ (1963) (contains " The Country of the Kind ") * _ Off Center _ (1965) (contains "Be My Guest ") * _ Turning On _ (1966)

SEE ALSO

* Science fiction portal

NOTES

* ^ Futurians Chester Cohen and Knight used the name Conanight jointly for two 1942 illustrations. Knight wrote three 1943–1944 short stories as Stuart Fleming.

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Damon Knight
Damon Knight
at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (ISFDB). Retrieved 2013-04-04. Select a title to see its linked publication history and general information. Select a particular edition (title) for more data at that level, such as a front cover image or linked contents. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ "Knight, Damon". _The Locus Index to SF Awards: Index to Literary Nominees_. Locus Publications. Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2013-04-04. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Retro Hugo Awards 1951". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 7 May 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ "1956 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 1 October 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ Stanyard, _Dimensions Behind the Twilight Zone_, p. 51. * ^ _A_ _B_ Battistella, Edwin. " Damon Knight
Damon Knight
(1922-2002)". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Retrieved 31 July 2012. * ^ Knight, "Knight Piece," Brian W. Aldiss & Harry Harrison, _Hell's Cartographers_, Orbit Books, 1976, p. 105. * ^ Pohl, _SFWA Grand Masters Volume Three_, p. 202. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Damon Knight". Gollancz/SFE Ltd. Retrieved 15 October 2011. * ^ Malzberg, Barry N. , ed. (1976). _The Best of Damon Knight_. Nelson Doubleday . * ^ Gary K. Wolfe, "Coming to Terms", in Gunn & Candelaria, _Speculations on Speculation_, p. 18. * ^ " Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America History and Statistics". Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America, Inc. Retrieved 1 October 2011. * ^ "The History of N3F". The National Fantasy Fan Federation. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. * ^ "Milford History". Milford Speculative Fiction Writers. Retrieved 1 October 2011. * ^ "Robin Scott Wilson". Gollancz/SFE Ltd. Retrieved 15 October 2011. * ^ " Damon Knight
Damon Knight
Memorial Grand Master". Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA). Retrieved 2013-04-04. * ^ "Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame". Mid American Science Fiction and Fantasy Conventions, Inc. Archived from the original on May 21, 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-22. This was the official website of the hall of fame to 2004 * ^ "Damon Knight, 79, Writer and Editor of Science Fiction, Dies". _The New York Times_. 17 April 2002. * ^ http://around.uoregon.edu/story/academics/celebrating-csws-40th-le-guin-feminist-science-fiction-fellowship

SOURCES

* Aldiss, Brian W.; Harrison, Harry (1976). _Hell's Cartographers_. London: Futura. ISBN 0-86007-907-4 . * Gunn, James E.; Candelaria, Matthew (2005). _Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction_. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-4902-X . * Pohl, Frederik (2002). _The SFWA Grand Masters_. 3. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-86876-6 . * Stanyard, Stewart T. (2006). _Dimensions Behind the Twilight Zone: A Backstage Tribute to Television's Groundbreaking Series_. Chicago: ECW Press. ISBN 978-1-55022-744-4 .

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