DAIGAKU-RYō (大学寮) was the former Imperial university of Japan,
founded at the end of the 7th century. The
Daigaku-ryō predates the
The Daigaku-ryō was located near the Suzaku Mon at southern border of Kyoto's grid. In the 12th century, the original structure was destroyed by fire, and it was not rebuilt.
* 1 Ritsuryō organization * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References
The Daigaku-ryō was reorganized in 701. It became part of the Ministry of the Civil Services (式部省, Shikibu-shō), also known as the "Ministry of Legislative Direction and Public Instruction". Among other duties, this ministry collected and maintained biographical archives of meritorious subjects, and those who would carry out the functions of the ministry were trained at the Daigaku-ryō.
The Director or head of the academy (大学頭, Daigaku-no-kami) was responsible for the examination of students and the celebration of festivals associated with Confucius and his disciples.
Educational authorities associated with the Daigaku-ryō included:
* Chief experts on the history of Japan and China (紀伝博士,, Kiden hakase). * Chief experts on classical Chinese works (明経博士,, Myōgyō hakase). * Chief experts on jurisprudence of Japan and China (明法博士,, Myōbō hakase). * Chief experts on mathematics (算博士,, San hakase). * Instructors of Japanese and Chinese literature (直講,, Chok'kō) -- two positions. * Instructors in pronunciation of words (音博士,, On hakase) -- two positions. * Instructors in calligraphy (書博士,, Sho hakase) -- two positions.
Prince Yamabe was
Daigaku-no-kami in 766 (
Tenpyō-jingo 2). The
institution had become a hollow shell by the Engi era (901-923), but
its fortunes revived somewhat under the patronage of
* MAY 27, 1177 ( Angen 3, 28th day, 4th month): A fire burned the university structure to ashes.
* ^ A B C Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Daigaku-ryō" in
Japan Encyclopedia, p. 138, p. 138, at
Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan
Harvard University Press