The Info List - Daidai

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The daidai (Japanese: 橙, 臭橙; Chinese: 酸橙; Korean: 광귤, gwanggyul), is an Asian variety of bitter orange. The daidai originated in the Himalayas. It spread to the Yangtze valley region and later to Japan. The colour of the fruit loses yellowish hue and becomes greener in the spring. The native Japanese word for the color orange, だいだい色 or daidai-iro, is derived from the name of this fruit. Uses[edit] There are two main cultivar, 臭橙 (kabusu) and 回青橙 (kaiseito), and the latter bears smaller fruits than the former in Japan.[1] The fruit is very bitter, and not usually eaten, but its dried peel is used in Kampo
(the Japanese adaptation of Chinese medicine); when you dry peels of young fruits, it is called kijitsu (枳実), applied as stomachic and expectorant[2] as well as laxative.[1] Peel of ripen daidai is called tohi (橙皮) use as fragrant stomachic and expectorant.[1] The juice of the daidai can be used as an ingredient in making ponzu while kabusu is appreciated to be more fragrant. Cultural Aspect[edit] The name daidai, originally meaning several generations (and written as 代代 or 代々), came from the fruit staying on the tree for several years if not picked,[3] thus a tree bears fruits of more than one season or from multiple years.[1] Another background of its name refers to the shape of kaiseito's calyx which appears to be stepped or as if the fruit is born on two pedestals or 台々 (daidai).[1] That is why people also called it 座橙々 (za-daiidai) (literally daidai on pedestal).[1] Daidai
is used as a decoration in Japanese New Year
Japanese New Year
celebrations as a symbol of the family to continue for generations, and people place a fruit on top of kagami mochi, a stack of two to three round and flat mochi. This use is believed to date from the Edo period.[4] It has not yet been resolved as a true species by The Plant List.[5] References[edit]

^ a b c d e f 佐藤治雄 (15 February 2005). "ダイダイ Citrus aurantium". 大阪百樹 [Osaka Hyakuju]. Archived from the original on 25 August 2007. Retrieved 2017-10-02.  ^ Dolf De Rovira (28 February 2008). Dictionary of Flavors. John Wiley & Sons. p. 239. ISBN 978-0-470-38484-8.  ^ Yoshio Hada. "ダイダイ Citrus aurantium(ミカン科ミカン属)" [ Daidai
C. aurantium (Citrus Rutaceae)]. Ecology and Topics of Plants (in Japanese). Okayama University of Science. Retrieved 2017-10-02.  ^ From a botanical essay by 菩多尼訶. Botanica (January 2005). "第二十八話 ダイダイ" [#28 Daidai]. Mampitsu Botanica [Botanica's Essays] (in Japanese). Retrieved 2 October 2017.  ^ " Citrus
daidai Siebold
ex Hayata is an unresolved name". Retrieved 18 January 2017. 

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True species

Australian and Papuan wild limes Byeonggyul Citron Clymenia Indian wild orange Ichang papeda Kumquat Mandarin Mangshanyegan Micrantha Pomelo

Major hybrids

Grapefruit Lemon Lime Orange

True and hybrid cultivars

Alemow Amanatsu Bergamot orange Bizzaria Bitter orange Blood lime Blood orange Buddha's hand Cam sành Cara cara navel Cherry orange Citrange Citrumelo Clementine Daidai Dekopon Fairchild tangerine Florentine citron Hassaku orange Hebesu Hyuganatsu Imperial lemon Iyokan Jabara Jaffa orange Kabbad Kabosu Kaffir lime Kakadu lime Kalpi Key lime Khasi papeda Kinnow Kishumikan Kiyomi Komikan Laraha Lumia Mandelo Mandora Melanesian papeda Melogold Meyer lemon Murcott Myrtle-leaved orange tree Ōgonkan Orangelo/Chironja Oroblanco Palestinian sweet lime Persian lime Pixie mandarin Ponderosa lemon Ponkan Rangpur Reikou Rhobs el Arsa Rough lemon Sanboken Satsuma mandarin Setoka Shangjuan Shonan Gold Sudachi Sweet lemon Sweet limetta Tangelo Tangerine Tangor Ugli fruit Valencia orange Variegated pink lemon Winged lime Xã Đoài orange Yuukou mandarin Yuzu


Balady citron Corsican citron Diamante citron Fingered citron Greek citron Moroccan citron Yemenite citron

Mandarin oranges

Cleopatra mandarin Shīkwāsā Nanfengmiju


halimii or Mountain "citron" Ichang papeda


Banpeiyu Dangyuja

Australian and Papuan citrus (Microcitrus, Eromocitrus, Clymenia and Oxanthera subgenera)

Australian outback lime Australian round lime Brown River finger lime Desert lime Mount white lime (Microcitrus) New Guinea wild lime Russell River lime Clymenia Oxanthera

hybrids (×Citrofortunella)

Calamondin Citrangequat Limequat Orangequat Procimequat Sunquat Yuzuquat

Related genus

Poncirus/Trifoliate orange


Chūhai Curaçao Grapefruit
juice Lemonade Limeade Orange juice Yuja-hwachae Yuja tea


Calcium citrate Citric acid Lemonene Limonene Neroli Orange flower water Orange oil Orangeat Succade Zest


Black spot CTV/Tristeza Exocortis Greening Mal secco Phytophthora


Related topics

The Citrus
Industry Citrus
production Citrus
rootstock Citrus
taxonomy Cold-hardy citrus Hesperidium Japanese citrus List of citrus fruits Mother Orange Tree Orangery University of California Citrus
Experiment Station University of California, Riverside Citrus
Variety Collection

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