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One of the modern systems of plant taxonomy , the DAHLGREN SYSTEM was published by monocot specialist Rolf Dahlgren in 1975 and revised in 1977, and 1980. However, he is best known for his two treatises on monocotyledons in 1982 and revised in 1985. His wife Gertrud Dahlgren continued the work after his death.

Dahlgren ranked the dicotyledons and monocotyledons as subclasses of the class of flowering plants (angiosperms ) and further divided them into superorders . Originally (1975) he used the suffix -anae, as did Cronquist , to designate these, but in 1980 changed this to -florae in accordance with Thorne . In the 1989 revision, published by his wife, the alternate names Magnoliidae and Liliidae were dropped in favour of Dicotyledon and Monocotyledon, and the suffix -florae reverted to -anae (e.g. Alismatanae
Alismatanae
for Alismatiflorae).

Reveal provides an extensive listing of Dahlgren's classification. (Note the synonyms, both nomenclatural and taxonomic, for each name in the system.)

CONTENTS

* 1 1980 system

* 1.1 Summary * 1.2 Magnoliidae (Dicotyledons)

* 2 1982 system (Monocotyledons)

* 2.1 Summary * 2.2 Details

* 3 1985 system (Monocotyledons)

* 3.1 Summary

* 3.2 Details

* 3.2.1 Liliiflorae * 3.2.2 Ariflorae * 3.2.3 Triuridiflorae * 3.2.4 Alismatiflorae * 3.2.5 Bromeliiflorae * 3.2.6 Zingiberiflorae * 3.2.7 Commeliniflorae * 3.2.8 Cyclanthiflorae * 3.2.9 Areciflorae * 3.2.10 Pandaniflorae

* 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 Bibliography

1980 SYSTEM

SUMMARY

* class Magnoliopsida
Magnoliopsida
(Flowering Plants ( Angiospermae
Angiospermae
or Magnoliophyta) subclass Magnoliidae (Dicotyledons) 24 superorders

* superorder Magnoliiflorae superorder Nymphaeiflorae superorder Ranunculiflorae superorder Caryophylliflorae superorder Polygoniflorae superorder Malviflorae superorder Violiflorae superorder Theiflorae superorder Primuliflorae superorder Rosiflorae superorder Podostemiflorae superorder Fabiflorae
Fabiflorae
superorder Proteiflorae superorder Myrtiflorae superorder Rutiflorae superorder Santaliflorae superorder Balanophoriflorae superorder Araliiflorae superorder Asteriflorae superorder Solaniflorae superorder Corniflorae superorder Loasiflorae superorder Gentianiflorae superorder Lamiiflorae

subclass Liliidae (Monocotyledons) 7 superorders

* superorder Alismatiflorae superorder Triuridiflorae superorder Ariflorae superorder Liliiflorae superorder Zingiberiflorae superorder Commeliniflorae superorder Areciflorae

MAGNOLIIDAE (DICOTYLEDONS)

* subclass Magnoliiflorae superorder Magnolianae
Magnolianae
order Annonales family Annonaceae family Myristicaceae
Myristicaceae
family Eupomatiaceae family Canellaceae family Austrobaileyaceae order Aristolochiales family Aristolochiaceae
Aristolochiaceae
order Rafflesiales
Rafflesiales
family Rafflesiaceae family Hydnoraceae order Magnoliales
Magnoliales
family Degeneriaceae family Himantandraceae family Magnoliaceae
Magnoliaceae
order Lactoridales family Lactoridaceae order Winterales family Winteraceae
Winteraceae
order Chloranthales
Chloranthales
family Chloranthaceae
Chloranthaceae
order Illiciales family Illiciaceae family Schisandraceae order Laurales
Laurales
family Amborellaceae family Trimeniaceae family Monimiaceae
Monimiaceae
family Gomortegaceae
Gomortegaceae
family Calycanthaceae
Calycanthaceae
family Lauraceae
Lauraceae
order Nelumbonales family Nelumbonaceae superorder Nymphaeiflorae order Piperales family Saururaceae
Saururaceae
family Piperaceae
Piperaceae
order Nymphaeales
Nymphaeales
family Cabombaceae
Cabombaceae
family Nymphaeaceae
Nymphaeaceae
family Ceratophyllaceae superorder Ranunculiflorae order Ranunculales
Ranunculales
family Lardizabalaceae family Sargentodoxaceae family Menispermaceae family Kingdoniaceae family Circaeasteraceae family Ranunculaceae
Ranunculaceae
family Hydrastidaceae family Berberidaceae
Berberidaceae
order Papaverales family Papaveraceae
Papaveraceae
family Fumariaceae
Fumariaceae
superorder Caryophylliflorae order Caryophyllales
Caryophyllales
family Molluginaceae family Caryophyllaceae
Caryophyllaceae
family Phytolaccaceae family Achatocarpaceae family Agdestidaceae family Basellaceae family Portulacaceae family Stegnospermataceae family Nyctaginaceae
Nyctaginaceae
family Aizoaceae family Halophytaceae
Halophytaceae
family Cactaceae
Cactaceae
family Didiereaceae
Didiereaceae
family Hectorellaceae family Chenopodiaceae
Chenopodiaceae
family Amaranthaceae
Amaranthaceae
superorder Polygoniflorae order Polygonales family Polygonaceae
Polygonaceae
superorder Malviflorae order Malvales
Malvales
family Sterculiaceae
Sterculiaceae
family Plagiopteraceae family Bixaceae family Cochlospermaceae family Cistaceae
Cistaceae
family Sphaerosepalaceae family Sarcolaenaceae family Huaceae family Tiliaceae family Dipterocarpaceae
Dipterocarpaceae
family Bombacaceae family Malvaceae
Malvaceae
order Urticales family Ulmaceae
Ulmaceae
family Moraceae family Cecropiaceae family Barbeyaceae family Cannabaceae
Cannabaceae
family Urticaceae
Urticaceae
order Euphorbiales family Euphorbiaceae family Simmondsiaceae family Pandaceae family Aextoxicaceae family Dichapetalaceae order Plumbaginales family Plumbaginaceae
Plumbaginaceae
family Limoniaceae order Thymelaeales family Gonystylaceae family Thymelaeaceae order Rhamnales family Rhamnaceae
Rhamnaceae
superorder Violiflorae order Violales family Flacourtiaceae family Berberidopsidaceae family Aphloiaceae family Physenaceae family Passifloraceae family Dipentodontaceae family Peridiscaceae family Scyphostegiaceae family Violaceae family Turneraceae family Malesherbiaceae family Caricaceae order Cucurbitales
Cucurbitales
family Achariaceae family Cucurbitaceae
Cucurbitaceae
family Begoniaceae
Begoniaceae
family Datiscaceae order Salicales family Salicaceae order Tamaricales family Tamaricaceae
Tamaricaceae
family Frankeniaceae order Capparales family Capparaceae
Capparaceae
family Brassicaceae
Brassicaceae
family Tovariaceae family Resedaceae
Resedaceae
family Gyrostemonaceae family Bataceae family Moringaceae order Tropaeolales family Tropaeolaceae family Limnanthaceae order Salvadorales family Salvadoraceae superorder Theiflorae order Dilleniales
Dilleniales
family Dilleniaceae order Paeoniales family Glaucidiaceae family Paeoniaceae order Theales family Stachyuraceae
Stachyuraceae
family Pentaphylacaceae family Marcgraviaceae family Quiinaceae
Quiinaceae
family Ancistrocladaceae family Dioncophyllaceae family Nepenthaceae family Medusagynaceae
Medusagynaceae
family Caryocaraceae
Caryocaraceae
family Strasburgeriaceae family Ochnaceae family Chrysobalanaceae
Chrysobalanaceae
family Oncothecaceae family Scytopetalaceae family Theaceae family Bonnetiaceae
Bonnetiaceae
family Clusiaceae family Elatinaceae
Elatinaceae
order Lecythidales family Lecythidaceae superorder Primuliflorae order Primulales family Myrsinaceae family Aegicerataceae family Theophrastaceae family Primulaceae family Coridaceae order Ebenales family Sapotaceae
Sapotaceae
family Styracaceae family Lissocarpaceae family Ebenaceae superorder Rosiflorae order Trochodendrales
Trochodendrales
family Trochodendraceae family Tetracentraceae
Tetracentraceae
order Cercidiphyllales family Cercidiphyllaceae family Eupteleaceae order Hamamelidales family Hamamelidaceae family Platanaceae family Myrothamnaceae order Balanopales family Balanopaceae order Fagales
Fagales
family Nothofagaceae family Fagaceae
Fagaceae
family Corylaceae family Betulaceae order Juglandales family Rhoipteleaceae
Rhoipteleaceae
family Juglandaceae
Juglandaceae
order Myricales family Myricaceae order Casuarinales family Casuarinaceae order Buxales ) family Buxaceae family Daphniphyllaceae family Didymelaceae order Geissolomatales family Geissolomataceae order Cunoniales family Cunoniaceae family Baueraceae family Brunelliaceae family Davidsoniaceae family Eucryphiaceae family Bruniaceae
Bruniaceae
family Grubbiaceae order Saxifragales family Saxifragaceae
Saxifragaceae
family Francoaceae family Greyiaceae family Brexiaceae family Grossulariaceae family Iteaceae family Cephalotaceae family Crassulaceae
Crassulaceae
order Droserales family Droseraceae family Lepuropetalaceae family Parnassiaceae order Rosales
Rosales
family Rosaceae
Rosaceae
family Neuradaceae family Malaceae family Amygdalaceae family Anisophylleaceae family Crossosomataceae family Surianaceae family Rhabdodendraceae order Gunnerales family Gunneraceae superorder Podostemiflorae order Podostemales family Podostemaceae
Podostemaceae
(including Tristichaceae) superorder Fabiflorae
Fabiflorae
order Fabales
Fabales
family Mimosaceae family Caesalpiniaceae family Fabaceae
Fabaceae
superorder Proteiflorae order Proteales
Proteales
family Proteaceae
Proteaceae
order Elaeagnales family Elaeagnaceae superorder Myrtiflorae order Myrtales
Myrtales
family Psiloxylaceae family Heteropyxidaceae family Myrtaceae
Myrtaceae
family Onagraceae family Trapaceae family Lythraceae family Combretaceae family Melastomataceae family Memecylaceae family Crypteroniaceae family Oliniaceae family Penaeaceae family Rhynchocalycaceae family Alzateaceae order Haloragales
Haloragales
family Haloragaceae superorder Rutiflorae order Sapindales
Sapindales
family Coriariaceae family Anacardiaceae
Anacardiaceae
family Leitneriaceae family Podoaceae family Sapindaceae family Hippocastanaceae family Aceraceae family Akaniaceae
Akaniaceae
family Bretschneideraceae family Emblingiaceae family Staphyleaceae
Staphyleaceae
family Melianthaceae family Sabiaceae ) family Meliosmaceae family Connaraceae order Rutales family Rutaceae
Rutaceae
family Ptaeroxylaceae family Cneoraceae family Simaroubaceae family Tepuianthaceae family Burseraceae
Burseraceae
family Meliaceae
Meliaceae
order Polygalales
Polygalales
family Malpighiaceae family Trigoniaceae family Vochysiaceae family Polygalaceae family Krameriaceae order Geraniales family Zygophyllaceae family Nitrariaceae family Peganaceae family Balanitaceae family Erythroxylaceae family Humiriaceae family Linaceae family Ctenolophonaceae family Ixonanthaceae family Lepidobotryaceae family Oxalidaceae
Oxalidaceae
(including Averrhoaceae) family Geraniaceae
Geraniaceae
family Dirachmaceae family Ledocarpaceae
Ledocarpaceae
family Vivianiaceae family Biebersteiniaceae order Linales (incorporated into Geraniales) family Linaceae family Humiriaceae family Ctenolophonaceae family Ixonanthaceae family Erythroxylaceae family Lepidobotryaceae family Oxalidaceae
Oxalidaceae
order Celastrales family Stackhousiaceae family Lophopyxidaceae family Cardiopteridaceae family Corynocarpaceae family Celastraceae order Rhizophorales family Rhizophoraceae
Rhizophoraceae
family Elaeocarpaceae order Balsaminales family Balsaminaceae
Balsaminaceae
superorder Santaliflorae order Santalales family Olacaceae family Opiliaceae family Loranthaceae family Medusandraceae family Misodendraceae family Eremolepidaceae family Santalaceae family Viscaceae superorder Balanophoriflorae order Balanophorales family Cynomoriaceae family Balanophoraceae superorder Araliiflorae order Pittosporales family Pittosporaceae family Tremandraceae family Byblidaceae
Byblidaceae
order Araliales family Araliaceae family Apiaceae
Apiaceae
superorder Asteriflorae order Campanulales family Pentaphragmataceae family Campanulaceae
Campanulaceae
family Lobeliaceae order Asterales
Asterales
family Asteraceae
Asteraceae
superorder Solaniflorae order Solanales
Solanales
family Solanaceae
Solanaceae
family Sclerophylacaceae family Goetzeaceae family Convolvulaceae family Cuscutaceae
Cuscutaceae
family Cobaeaceae family Polemoniaceae order Boraginales family Hydrophyllaceae family Ehretiaceae family Boraginaceae
Boraginaceae
family Lennoaceae family Hoplestigmataceae superorder Corniflorae order Fouquieriales family Fouquieriaceae order Ericales
Ericales
family Actinidiaceae
Actinidiaceae
family Clethraceae
Clethraceae
family Cyrillaceae
Cyrillaceae
family Ericaceae
Ericaceae
family Empetraceae family Monotropaceae family Pyrolaceae family Epacridaceae order Eucommiales
Eucommiales
family Eucommiaceae order Sarraceniales family Sarraceniaceae
Sarraceniaceae
order Cornales
Cornales
family Garryaceae
Garryaceae
family Alangiaceae family Nyssaceae family Cornaceae
Cornaceae
family Roridulaceae
Roridulaceae
family Davidiaceae family Escalloniaceae family Helwingiaceae family Torricelliaceae
Torricelliaceae
family Aucubaceae family Aralidiaceae family Diapensiaceae family Phellinaceae family Aquifoliaceae family Paracryphiaceae family Sphenostemonaceae family Symplocaceae family Icacinaceae
Icacinaceae
family Montiniaceae family Columelliaceae family Stylidiaceae (including Donatiaceae) family Alseuosmiaceae family Hydrangeaceae family Sambucaceae family Viburnaceae family Menyanthaceae family Adoxaceae family Phyllonomaceae
Phyllonomaceae
family Tribelaceae family Eremosynaceae family Pterostemonaceae family Tetracarpaeaceae order Dipsacales
Dipsacales
family Caprifoliaceae
Caprifoliaceae
family Valerianaceae family Dipsacaceae family Morinaceae family Calyceraceae superorder Loasiflorae order Loasales family Loasaceae superorder Gentianiflorae order Goodeniales family Goodeniaceae order Oleales family Oleaceae order Gentianales
Gentianales
family Desfontainiaceae family Loganiaceae family Dialypetalanthaceae family Rubiaceae
Rubiaceae
family Theligonaceae family Gentianaceae
Gentianaceae
family Saccifoliaceae family Apocynaceae
Apocynaceae
family Asclepiadaceae superorder Lamiiflorae order Lamiales
Lamiales
family Retziaceae family Stilbaceae
Stilbaceae
family Buddlejaceae family Scrophulariaceae family Myoporaceae family Globulariaceae family Plantaginaceae
Plantaginaceae
family Lentibulariaceae family Pedaliaceae family Trapellaceae family Martyniaceae family Gesneriaceae
Gesneriaceae
family Bignoniaceae family Acanthaceae
Acanthaceae
family Verbenaceae
Verbenaceae
family Lamiaceae family Callitrichaceae order Hydrostachyales family Hydrostachyaceae order Hippuridales family Hippuridaceae

1982 SYSTEM (MONOCOTYLEDONS)

SUMMARY

6 Superorders

* Superorder Alismatiflorae * Superorder Ariflorae * Superorder Liliiflorae * Superorder Zingiberiflorae * Superorder Commeliniflorae * Superorder Areciflorae

DETAILS

* SUPERORDER ALISMATIFLORAE 5 Orders

* SUPERORDER ARIFLORAE 1 Order

* Order Arales

* SUPERORDER LILIIFLORAE 11 Orders

* Order Dioscoreales * Order Taccales

* Order Asparagales
Asparagales

* Family Smilacaceae * Family Petermanniaceae * Family Philesiaceae * Family Convallariaceae * Family Asparagaceae
Asparagaceae
* Family Herreriaceae * Family Dracaenaceae
Dracaenaceae
* Family Doryanthaceae * Family Dasypogonaceae * Family Phormiaceae * Family Xanthorrhoeaceae * Family Agavaceae
Agavaceae
* Family Hypoxidaceae
Hypoxidaceae
* Family Asphodelaceae * Family Aphyllanthaceae * Family Dianellaceae * Family Tecophilaeaceae * Family Cyanastraceae * Family Eriospermaceae * Family Hemerocallidaceae * Family Funkiaceae * Family Hyacinthaceae * Family Alliaceae
Alliaceae
* Family Amaryllidaceae
Amaryllidaceae

* Order Liliales

* Family Iridaceae
Iridaceae
* Family Geosiridaceae * Family Colchicaceae * Family Alstroemeriaceae
Alstroemeriaceae
* Family Tricyrtidaceae * Family Calochortaceae
Calochortaceae
* Family Liliaceae
Liliaceae
* Family Melanthiaceae

* Order Burmanniales * Order Orchidales * Order Pontederiales * Order Haemodorales * Order Philydrales * Order Velloziales * Order Bromeliales

* SUPERORDER ZINGIBERIFLORAE 1 Order

* Order Zingiberales
Zingiberales

* Superorder Commeliniflorae 8 Orders * Superorder Areciflorae 3 Orders

1985 SYSTEM (MONOCOTYLEDONS)

SUMMARY

10 superorders

* Superorder Liliiflorae * Superorder Ariflorae * Superorder Triuridiflorae * Superorder Alismatiflorae * Superorder Bromeliiflorae * Superorder Zingiberiflorae * Superorder Commeliniflorae * Superorder Cyclanthiflorae * Superorder Areciflorae * Superorder Pandaniflorae

DETAILS

Liliiflorae

* Superorder Liliiflorae 6 Orders p. 107 order Dioscoreales family Trichopodaceae
Trichopodaceae
family Dioscoreaceae
Dioscoreaceae
family Taccaceae family Stemonaceae family Trilliaceae family Smilacaceae family Petermanniaceae order Asparagales
Asparagales
family Philesiaceae family Luzuriagaceae family Convallariaceae family Asparagaceae
Asparagaceae
family Ruscaceae family Herreriaceae family Dracaenaceae
Dracaenaceae
family Nolinaceae family Asteliaceae family Hanguanaceae family Dasypogonaceae family Calectasiaceae family Blandfordiaceae family Xanthorrhoeaceae family Agavaceae
Agavaceae
family Hypoxidaceae
Hypoxidaceae
family Tecophilaeaceae family Cyanastraceae family Eriospermaceae family Ixioliriaceae
Ixioliriaceae
family Phormiaceae family Doryanthaceae family Hemerocallidaceae family Asphodelaceae family Anthericaceae family Aphyllanthaceae family ] family Hyacinthaceae family Alliaceae
Alliaceae
family Amaryllidaceae
Amaryllidaceae
tribe Amaryllideae tribe Hippeastrae tribe Lycoridae tribe Stenomesseae tribe Eucharideae tribe Pancratieae tribe Narcisseae tribe Galantheae order Melanthiales family Melanthiaceae family Campynemaceae order Burmanniales family Burmanniaceae
Burmanniaceae
family Thismiaceae family Corsiaceae order Liliales family Alstroemeriaceae
Alstroemeriaceae
family Colchicaceae family Uvulariaceae family Calochortaceae
Calochortaceae
family Liliaceae
Liliaceae
family Geosiridaceae family Iridaceae
Iridaceae
order Orchids family Apostasiaceae family Cypripediaceae family Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae

Ariflorae

* Superorder Ariflorae 1 Order p. 275 order Arales family Araceae
Araceae
family Lemnaceae

Triuridiflorae

* Superorder Triuridiflorae 1 Order p. 287 order Triuridales family Triuridaceae

Alismatiflorae

* Superorder Alismatiflorae 2 Orders p. 292 order Alismatales
Alismatales
family Aponogetonaceae
Aponogetonaceae
family Butomaceae
Butomaceae
family Limnocharitaceae family Alismataceae
Alismataceae
family Hydrocharitaceae order Najadales family Scheuchzeriaceae
Scheuchzeriaceae
family Juncaginaceae family Potamogetonaceae family Posidoniaceae family Zosteraceae family Zannichelliaceae family Cymodoceaceae family Najadaceae

Bromeliiflorae

* Superorder Bromeliflorae 6 Orders p. 323 order Velloziales family Velloziaceae order Bromeliales family Bromeliaceae
Bromeliaceae
order Philydrales family Philydraceae order Haemodorales family Haemodoraceae order Pontederiales family Pontederiaceae order Typhales family Sparganiaceae family Typhaceae
Typhaceae

Zingiberiflorae

* Superorder Zingiberiflorae 1 Order p. 350 order Zingiberales
Zingiberales
family Lowiaceae family Musaceae family Heliconiaceae
Heliconiaceae
family Strelitziaceae family Zingiberaceae family Costaceae family Cannaceae
Cannaceae
family Marantaceae
Marantaceae

Commeliniflorae

* Superorder Commeliniflorae 4 Orders p. 374 order Commelinales family Commelinaceae family Mayacaceae family Xyridaceae family Rapateaceae family Eriocaulaceae order Hydatellales family Hydatellaceae order Cyperales family Juncaceae
Juncaceae
family Thurniaceae family Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
order Poales
Poales
family Flagellariaceae family Joinvilleaceae family Poaceae
Poaceae
family Ecdeiocolaceae family Anarthriaceae family Restionaceae
Restionaceae
family Centrolepidaceae

Cyclanthiflorae

* Superorder Cyclanthiflorae 1 Order p. 461 order Cyclanthales family Cyclanthaceae

Areciflorae

* Superorder Areciflorae 1 Order p. 467 order Arecales
Arecales
family Arecaceae
Arecaceae

Pandaniflorae

* Superorder Pandaniflorae 1 Order p. 480 order Pandanales family Pandanaceae

NOTES

REFERENCES

* ^ Dahlgren 1975 . * ^ Dahlgren 1977 . * ^ Dahlgren 1980 . * ^ Dahlgren & Clifford 1982 . * ^ Dahlgren, Clifford -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;">

* Dahlgren, Gertrud (July 1989). "An updated angiosperm classification". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 100 (3): 197–203. doi :10.1111/j.1095-8339.1989.tb01717.x . * Dahlgren, R. (1975). "A system of classification of angiosperms to be used to demonstrate the distribution of characters". Botaniska Notiser . 128: 119–147. * Dahlgren, Rolf (1977). A commentary on a diagrammatic presentation of the angiosperms in relation to the distribution of character states. pp. 253–284. , in Kubitzki (1977) * Kubitzki, Klaus , ed. (1977). Flowering Plants : Evolution and classification of higher categories. Symposium, Hamburg, September 8–12, 1976. Plant Systematics & Evolution - Supplementum 1. Wien: Springer. p. 416. ISBN 978-3-211-81434-5 . Retrieved 13 August 2015. * Dahlgren, R. M. T. (February 1980). "A revised system of classification of the angiosperms". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 80 (2): 91–124. doi :10.1111/j.1095-8339.1980.tb01661.x . * Dahlgren, Rolf; Clifford, H. T. (1982). The monocotyledons: A comparative study. London and New York: Academic Press. * Dahlgren, R.M.; Clifford, H.T.; Yeo, P.F. (1985). The families of the monocotyledons. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-642-64903-5 . Retrieved 10 February 2014. Additional excerpts

* v * t * e

List of systems of plant taxonomy
List of systems of plant taxonomy

PRE-LINNAEAN

JOHN RAY SYSTEM (1686–1704)

* A discourse on the seeds of plants * Methodus plantarum nova * De Variis Plantarum Methodis Dissertatio Brevis * Methodus plantarum emendata et aucta

PRE-DARWINIAN

LINNAEAN SYSTEM (1735–51)

* Systema Naturae
Systema Naturae
* Species Plantarum
Species Plantarum
* Genera Plantarum * Philosophia Botanica

ADANSON SYSTEM (1763) Familles naturelles des plantes

DE JUSSIEU SYSTEM (1789) Genera Plantarum, secundum ordines naturales disposita juxta methodum in Horto Regio Parisiensi exaratam

DE CANDOLLE SYSTEM (1819–24)

* Théorie élémentaire de la botanique, ou exposition des principes de la classification naturelle et de l'art de décrire et d'etudier les végétaux * Prodromus systemati naturalis regni vegetabilis sive enumeratio contracta ordinum, generum specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarum, juxta methodi naturalis normas digesta

Berchtold and Presl system (1820–1823) O Prirozenosti Rostlin

AGARDH SYSTEM (1825) Classes Plantarum

GRAY SYSTEM (1821) The Natural Arrangement of British Plants

DUMORTIER SYSTEM (1829) Analyse des familles des plantes

LINDLEY SYSTEM (1830–45)

* An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany * The Vegetable Kingdom

DON SYSTEM (1834) General History of Dichlamydious Plants.

Bentham border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

NINETEENTH CENTURY

EICHLER SYSTEM (1875–1886)

* Blüthendiagramme: construirt und erläutert * Syllabus der Vorlesungen über Phanerogamenkunde

ENGLER SYSTEM (1886–1924)

* Führer durch den Königlich botanischen Garten der Universität zu Breslau * Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien
Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien
* Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien
Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien
* Das Pflanzenreich

VAN TIEGHEM SYSTEM (1891) Traité de botanique

TWENTIETH CENTURY

Dalla Torre border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* A system and phylogeny of the flowering plants * Flowering plants: origin and dispersal * Diversity and classification of flowering plants

CRONQUIST SYSTEM (1968–81)

* The evolution and classification of flowering plants * An integrated system of classification of flowering plants

GOLDBERG SYSTEM (1986–89 Classification, Evolution and Phylogeny of the Families of Dicotyledons

DAHLGREN SYSTEM (1975–85) The families of the monocotyledons: structure, evolution, and taxonomy

THORNE SYSTEM (1968–2000) An updated phylogenetic classification of the flowering plants

KUBITZKI SYSTEM (1990–) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants

REVEAL SYSTEM (1999) Reveal System of Angiosperm Classification

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group System (1998–2009)

* An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants (APG I) * An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II * An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III * An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV * Angiosperm Phylogeny Website

SEE ALSO Plantae at Wikispecies

Note: This is a selected list of the more influential systems. There are many other systems, for instance a review of earlier systems, published by Lindley in his 1853 edition, and Dahlgren (1982). Examples include the works of Scopoli , Bats

.