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DAEJEON (Korean: ( listen )) is South Korea
South Korea
's fifth-largest metropolis . Daejeon
Daejeon
had a population of over 1.5 million in 2010. Located in the central region of South Korea, Daejeon
Daejeon
serves as a hub of transportation and is at the crossroads of major transport routes. The capital Seoul
Seoul
is about 50 minutes away by high-speed train .

Daejeon
Daejeon
is one of South Korea's administration hubs with the Daejeon Government Complex (Other administrative hubs: Seoul, Gwacheon and Sejong). The Korean administration in the 1980s decided to relocate some of its functions from Seoul, the national capital, to other cities. Currently, 12 national government offices, including Korea Customs Service, Small and Medium Business Administration, Public Procurement Service, National Statistical Office, Military Manpower Administration, Korea Forest Service , Cultural Heritage Administration , and Korean Intellectual Property Office , as well as Patent Court of Korea, are located in Daejeon. Korea Railroad Corporation , Korea Water Resources Corporation , and Korea Minting and Security Printing Corporation are also headquartered in the city.

Daejeon
Daejeon
has 18 universities, including Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology , Chungnam National University , Hanbat National University , Hannam University , and Korea University of Science and Technology . Daejeon
Daejeon
has earned its name as "Asia's Silicon Valley" and "high technology city". The city hosted the Taejon Expo \'93 and the International Mathematical Olympiads in 2000. Several important research institutes are based in the city.

Daedeok Innopolis ( Daedeok
Daedeok
Research and Development Special
Special
Zone) is composed of 28 government-funded research institutions, as well as 79 private research institutes with as many as 20,000 researchers. In addition, Daejeon
Daejeon
established the World Technopolis Association (WTA) in 1998 with the view of realizing regional development through international cooperation with world science cities. The WTA has grown to have 67 members from 32 countries, and it actively cooperates with many international organizations including UNESCO
UNESCO
as its official consultative body.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Climate

* 3 Administrative divisions

* 4 Demographics

* 4.1 Religion

* 5 Central business district * 6 Education * 7 Research and development

* 8 Culture

* 8.1 Parks and museums * 8.2 Media

* 9 Sports

* 10 Transportation

* 10.1 Subway

* 11 Gallery * 12 Notable people * 13 Twin towns – sister cities * 14 See also * 15 Notes

* 16 References

* 16.1 Citations * 16.2 Bibliography

* 17 External links

HISTORY

National Government Complex, Daejeon

Human beings first settled in the Daejeon
Daejeon
region during the Stone Age . It was occupied and in use as strategic military ground in various times by people such as the Usul-gun of Baekje
Baekje
, Bipung-gun of Silla
Silla
, and the Hoideok-hyeon, Yuseong-hyeon, Deokjin-hyeon, and Jinjam-hyeon. During the Joseon Kingdom period, it remained occupied by the Hoideok-hyeon and Jinjam-hyeon of Gongju Mokha. In 1895, most of the area was made part of Hoideok-gun and Jinjam-gun, excluding some parts that belonged to Gongju-gun.

The Daejeon
Daejeon
area was historically known as Hanbat (한밭), a native Korean term for "large field", during the Joseon Dynasty . "Daejeon" simply means the same thing in Hanja
Hanja
.

Historically, Daejeon
Daejeon
was a small village without many residents. However, in 1905, the Gyeongbu Railway began operations from Seoul
Seoul
to Busan
Busan
, opening a station at Daejeon. In 1926 under the rule of the Japanese government, the Honam
Honam
Railway was built between Mokpo and Daejeon, transforming the latter into a major transportation hub. Because of its location and proximity to means of transportation, Daejeon
Daejeon
grew quickly.

In 1932, the capital of Chungnam province was moved from Gongju to Daejeon. During the Korean War
Korean War
, the city was the site of an early major conflict: the Battle of Taejon .

Since then, changes have been made to the city's boundaries. Its official names have evolved, as well. Among the boundary modifications include one that effectively made the nearby town of Daedeok
Daedeok
a part of the city in 1983. Then, in the late 1980s, Daejeon
Daejeon
was elevated to the status of Special
Special
City (Jikhalsi), thus became a separate administrative region from Chungcheongnam-do . In 1995, all South Korean Special
Special
Cities were again renamed as Metropolitan Cities , which is reflected in the current official name of Daejeon, Daejeon Metropolitan City (대전광역시).

In 1997, the Daejeon Government Complex
Daejeon Government Complex
was constructed as part of an effort to move some government offices away from the densely populated capital, Seoul. The population of Daejeon
Daejeon
increased dramatically as a result.

GEOGRAPHY

Walking path along the Gap River

Daejeon
Daejeon
lies between latitudes N36°10'50" and N36°29'47" and longitudes E127°14'54" and E127°33'21" near the middle of South Korea . It is 167.3 km (104.0 mi) from Seoul, 294 km (183 mi) from Busan
Busan
and 169 km (105 mi) from Gwangju
Gwangju
. Sejong , which is planned to be the new administrative capital of South Korea, is also close by. The city lies inside a great circle and is surrounded by several mountains, and Gyeryongsan National Park straddles the city border to the west. The city is divided into five boroughs: Seogu (서구 ), Donggu (동구 ), Yuseonggu (유성구 ), Daedeokgu (대덕구 ), and Junggu (중구 ). Three streams flow through the city from south to north, eventually joining with the Geum River
Geum River
: Gapcheon (갑천 ), Yudeungcheon (유등천 ), and Daejeoncheon (대전천 ).

CLIMATE

Daejeon
Daejeon
has a monsoon -influenced, four-season climate that lies within the transition between the humid subtropical and humid continental climatic regimens (Köppen Cwa/Dwa, respectively). Monthly mean temperatures range from −1.0 °C (30.2 °F) in January to 25.6 °C (78.1 °F) in August.

CLIMATE DATA FOR DAEJEON (1981–2010, EXTREMES 1969–PRESENT)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 16.6 (61.9) 21.1 (70) 26.1 (79) 30.4 (86.7) 33.3 (91.9) 35.2 (95.4) 37.7 (99.9) 37.6 (99.7) 33.2 (91.8) 29.4 (84.9) 25.5 (77.9) 18.4 (65.1) 37.7 (99.9)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 4.0 (39.2) 7.0 (44.6) 12.6 (54.7) 19.2 (66.6) 24.1 (75.4) 27.5 (81.5) 29.0 (84.2) 29.8 (85.6) 26.4 (79.5) 20.9 (69.6) 13.3 (55.9) 6.4 (43.5) 18.4 (65.1)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −1.0 (30.2) 1.5 (34.7) 6.5 (43.7) 13.0 (55.4) 18.2 (64.8) 22.4 (72.3) 25.0 (77) 25.6 (78.1) 21.3 (70.3) 14.7 (58.5) 7.5 (45.5) 1.2 (34.2) 13.0 (55.4)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −5.4 (22.3) −3.5 (25.7) 1.0 (33.8) 7.0 (44.6) 12.6 (54.7) 17.9 (64.2) 21.8 (71.2) 22.2 (72) 17.1 (62.8) 9.4 (48.9) 2.5 (36.5) −3.4 (25.9) 8.3 (46.9)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −18.6 (−1.5) −19.0 (−2.2) −10.7 (12.7) −2.9 (26.8) 3.1 (37.6) 8.1 (46.6) 13.0 (55.4) 12.3 (54.1) 4.2 (39.6) −2.9 (26.8) −11.4 (11.5) −17.7 (0.1) −19.0 (−2.2)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 29.6 (1.165) 34.2 (1.346) 55.6 (2.189) 81.7 (3.217) 103.7 (4.083) 206.3 (8.122) 333.9 (13.146) 329.5 (12.972) 169.7 (6.681) 47.4 (1.866) 41.1 (1.618) 25.9 (1.02) 1,458.7 (57.429)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM) 8.5 6.7 8.4 7.7 8.7 10.5 17.1 16.0 9.8 5.8 7.9 8.8 115.9

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS 10.2 5.9 3.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.4 7.6 29.6

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 64.8 59.5 56.5 55.3 62.1 68.7 77.7 77.5 74.4 70.4 66.9 66.4 66.7

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 163.4 172.2 200.3 212.3 223.9 180.6 139.8 157.8 168.2 195.9 161.6 162.6 2,138.7

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 52.7 56.1 54.0 54.0 51.2 41.3 31.4 37.6 45.1 56.1 52.5 53.9 48.0

Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (percent sunshine and snowy days)

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Administrative divisions of Daejeon.

Daejeon
Daejeon
is divided into 5 districts ("Gu "):

* Daedeok
Daedeok
District (대덕구 ; 大德區 ) * Dong District (동구 ; 東區 ) * Jung District (중구 ; 中區 ) * Seo District (서구 ; 西區 ) * Yuseong District (유성구 ; 儒城區 )

DEMOGRAPHICS

As of March 2017, Daejeon
Daejeon
has a population of 1,529,292, including 17,103 (1.1%) registered residents of foreign nationality. Plot of population numbers

RELIGION

Religion in Daejeon
Daejeon
(2005) Not religious (47%) Buddhism
Buddhism
(21.8%) Protestantism
Protestantism
(20.5%) Catholicism (10.7%)

According to the census of 2005, of the people of Daejeon, 21.8% follow Buddhism
Buddhism
and 31.2% follow Christianity
Christianity
(20.5% Protestantism
Protestantism
and 10.7% Catholicism ). About 47% of the population is mostly not religious or follows Muism and other indigenous religions.

CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT

Daejeon
Daejeon
City Hall

The middle of the city or the new central business district called Dunsan is where the effort of Korea's government decentralization has manifested itself. Newer apartment complexes, albeit structurally similar to those of the rest of the city, sprung up around the new government structures being constructed concurrently in just a few years starting from the mid-1990s. Newer municipal buildings including the city's courts and the province's main parliamentary building soon followed. The result is a several square mile neighbourhood full of restaurants, standard Korean western-type bars and coffee shops. The Dunsan area is a place for the workers of the new Daejeon
Daejeon
to live close to their offices, most able to walk to work, and dine and shop in a new urban environment.

EDUCATION

KAIST

Known as the Silicon Valley of Korea, Daejeon
Daejeon
is the home of private and public research institutes, centers and science parks. The R six universities, and 15 public organizations.

Among Daedeok
Daedeok
Innopolis' universities, KAIST is considered the top technical university in Korea. Strong fields at KAIST include computer science, electrical and nuclear engineering, mechanical design, chemistry, and telecommunications. Chungnam National University also plays a central role in those fields, and brings expertise in biotechnology, medicine, and the agricultural sciences. These universities are complemented by institutions such as Hanbat National University , Pai Chai University , Hannam University , Mokwon University , and Woosong University .

Research institutes in Daedeok
Daedeok
include the Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology
Biotechnology
(KRIBB), the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI), Electronic and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI), National Fusion Research Institute, National Nanofab Center, Korean Basic Science Research Institute, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information(KISTI), Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Marine and Ocean Engineering Research Institute, Institute for information Technology Advancement, Korea Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Agency for Defense Development, Korea Institute of Toxicology, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Korea Institute of Nuclear Non-proliferation and Control, National Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS) and the National Security Research Institute. Among the technology produced in Daedeok
Daedeok
are ETRI's wireless communications systems CDMA, WIBRO, and DMB, KRIBB's nano biochips, KARI's KOMPSAT satellites, and NFRI's KSTAR nuclear fusion reactor.

Daedeok
Daedeok
is also home to 21 corporate research centers with global reach surrounded by an equal number of smaller firms. Some of the notable corporate research centers are Dongbu Advanced Research Institute (biotechnology, microorganisms and agrichemicals), GS-Caltex Value Creation Center (environmentally friendly products including substitutes for oil), Hanwha Chemical Research (biotechnology, electronics materials, catalysts, and nanotechnology), Honam Petrochemical Daeduk Research Institute (synthetic chemistry and petrochemicals), LG Chemical LTD. Research Park (lithium ion battery and polymer battery development), Samyang R&D Center (medical research and electronics), and SK Institute of Technology (petroleum-related research).

Public corporation research institutes such as Korea Electric Power Research Institute (hydroelectric projects and nuclear energy), Korea Institute of Construction Materials (authorized test agency for construction materials), and Korea Institute of Aerospace Technology (aerospace design, satellites, launch technologies) are also part of the Daedeok
Daedeok
system.

On 16 May 2013, Daejeon
Daejeon
was selected as an International Science Business Belt.

Besides a tire production facility, Hankook Tire has its main R"> Expo Science Park.

In 1993 an international exposition (Expo \'93 ) was held at Daejeon. The expo bridge was designed by Hui Lee Shun. Several landmarks, such as the Hanbit Tower and the Expo Bridge, were built at this time. After the exposition ended, the grounds were refurbished as Expo Science Park . Next to the park is the National Science Museum , which had moved to its current location in 1990.

There are eight popular places for sight seers which are designated by city government. Those Eight Sights are: Sikjangsan
Sikjangsan
(Mt.), Bomunsan (보문산) (Mt.), Gubongsan (구봉산) (Mt.), Jangtaesan (장태산) (Mt.), Yuseong Spa , EXPO Park , Daecheonghosu (Lake), and Gyejoksan (Daejeon) (Mt.).

Most of the cultural centres and sight seeing places are located in Yuseong-gu district with the exception of Ppuri park and Daejeon
Daejeon
Zoo.

The Daejeon Museum of Art
Daejeon Museum of Art
, located in Dunsan Grand Park, is an art museum focused on the convergence of art and technology. Since it was established in 1998, numerous exhibitions on contemporary art have been held. Another important cultural institution is the Daejeon Philharmonic Orchestra, which performs in Daejeon
Daejeon
Culture TJB is a local television broadcaster based in Daejeon. Cable TV services are available in most apartments. Eight (8) channels of Mobile TV are provided with the digital radio channels. Several FM radio stations provide news and music on the air. KBS, MBC, TJB have their FM radio channels, there are Christian radio channels, FEBC and CBS, and traffic news channel TBN.

Daejeon
Daejeon
ilbo is a local newspaper which covers South Chungcheong province.

SPORTS

The Daejeon World Cup Stadium
Daejeon World Cup Stadium
was constructed in preparation for the 2002 FIFA World Cup . Several games have been held there, including the South Korea
South Korea
vs. Italy match in the second round. It is also the current home for the K League Challenge football club Daejeon
Daejeon
Citizen , and National League side Daejeon Korail FC . Daejeon
Daejeon
also hosts amateur football club Daejeon
Daejeon
de la Cuba , which plays in the Super Sunday Football League .

The city is home to LPGA
LPGA
golfers Pak Se-ri and Jang Jeong
Jang Jeong
. Daejeon is also the hometown of former New York Mets
New York Mets
left-handed reliever Dae-Sung Koo .

The Hanwha Eagles of the KBO League
KBO League
play their home games at Daejeon Baseball Stadium in Busa-dong.

TRANSPORTATION

Daejeon Station
Daejeon Station
.

Daejeon
Daejeon
is a center of transportation in South Korea, where two major expressways, Gyeongbu Expressway
Gyeongbu Expressway
and Honam Expressway , and two major railway lines, Gyeongbu railway
Gyeongbu railway
and Honam railway
Honam railway
, are joined. Travel time between Daejeon
Daejeon
and Seoul
Seoul
using the KTX
KTX
high-speed rail system is about 50 minutes. The nearest airport to Daejeon
Daejeon
is Cheongju Airport , about a thirty-minute drive north of Daejeon. However, there are also direct bus connections to Incheon International Airport
Incheon International Airport
.

SUBWAY

Main article: Daejeon Metro

One line, Daejeon Subway Line 1 , of a planned five-line subway system has been operating since April 17, 2007 (partial operations on this line began on March 16, 2006). This subway line connects Daejeon Station , located in the original city center, with the more modern and more recently developed sections of this city, including Dunsan, where the city hall and a number of national government buildings are located.

Notable differences between the Daejeon
Daejeon
subway and the Seoul
Seoul
subway include narrower cars, no doors connecting cars, four cars per train rather than ten, and storage space under the seats for use by passengers. The plastic tokens for toll are read by a proximity sensor when entering the turnstiles, and then inserted into a slot when exiting. The design of the tokens allows them to be used for advertising. Platform screen doors are installed in the subway stations.

GALLERY

*

South Chuncheong Provincial Office in 1920s. *

Government offices for the South Chungcheong
South Chungcheong
province in 2007 *

Daejeon Station
Daejeon Station
in 1920s *

Daejeon
Daejeon
train station in 2007 *

Eunhaeng-Sunhwa neighborhood in 1920s

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Actor Song Joong-ki is a native of Daejeon
Daejeon

* Kim Joon-ho , comedian * Baek Shin-ji * Do Ji-han (actor) * Choi Sung-bong * Chung Eun-yong * GunWoo (MYNAME member) * Han Eun-jung * Han Sang-hyuk ( VIXX member) * Hong Jin-ho * Ivy * Kim Young-deuk (a/k/a E.D.), one-half of E-Tribe * Kwon Sang-woo * Lee Na-eun (April member) * Lee Yoon-ki , film director * Micky Yoochun
Micky Yoochun
* Rhie Won-bok , cartoonist * Pak Se-ri * Shin Chaeho * Shin Seung-hun * Song Joong-ki * Chen (EXO member) * Kyu Ha Kim * Baek Ye-rin (15& member) * Park Ji-min (15border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Korea portal

* List of cities in South Korea
South Korea
* List of Korea-related topics

NOTES

* ^ In the 19th century, Daejeon
Daejeon
was also known in English as KUNG-TSIOU.

REFERENCES

CITATIONS

* ^ A B "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on 4 June 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014. * ^ EB (1878) , p. 390. * ^ "Population, Households and Housing Units". Korean Statistical Information System. Korea National Statistical Office. Retrieved 2007-02-28. * ^ A B Song-Du-Bum (July 2000). "Scientific-industrial and nucleus administrative city, Daejeon". GukTo(country). 7 (225): 70. * ^ * ^ 선사시대의대전 (IN KOREAN). DAEJEON.GO.KR. RETRIEVED 2014-03-22. * ^ " Daejeon
Daejeon
Government Complex". Government Buildings Management Service. Retrieved 2007-02-22. * ^ Oh, Changyeop (2006-03-22). "Daejeon, Larger Population than Gwangju". Prometheus (in Korean). Retrieved 2007-02-22. 이러한 대전의 인구증가 요인은 지난 1998년 정부대전청사 이전과 한국철도공사, 특허법원, 대덕연구단지 등이 자리를 잡은 것과 관련이 있다. * ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010) 대전(133)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016. * ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 대전(133)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016. * ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 대전(133)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016. * ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016. * ^ Population statistics 1st Quarter 2017 * ^ A B 2005 Census - Religion Results * ^ "Asia\'s Best Universities 2000". Asiaweek
Asiaweek
. 2000-06-30. Retrieved 2007-02-21. * ^ " Daejeon
Daejeon
Science High School" (in Korean). Retrieved 2007-02-21. High schools in South Korea
South Korea
usually do not require special entrance exams. * ^ ko:대덕연구단지 * ^ 공감코리아(sympathyKorea) (21 March 2012). "Management Division International Science Business Belt implementation plan, 2012". 공감코리아(sympathyKorea) archive. publish in book form: 1–93 . Retrieved 7 April 2013. * ^ " Hankook Tire Review – Enfren Tires". Trucktrend.com. 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2014-03-22. * ^ "History". National Science Museum of Korea. Retrieved 2007-02-28. * ^ 8 good places * ^ "Riding Daejeon
Daejeon
Subway". iris's talk on above 18 & computers & and society (in Korean). 2006-05-08. Retrieved 2007-02-28. * ^ "Visiting Daejeon
Daejeon
Subway". Korean Faction (in Korean). 2006-03-17. Archived from the original on 2007-01-03. Retrieved 2007-02-28. 뒷면에는 대전소재 배재대학교의 광고가 새겨져있었습니다. * ^ "Sister Cities, Public Relations". Guadalajara
Guadalajara
municipal government. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* "Corea", Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. VI, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, pp. 390–394 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to DAEJEON .

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for DAEJEON .

* Metropolitan Government * Daejeon
Daejeon
: Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.

Coordinates : 36°21′04″N 127°23′06″E / 36.351°N 127.385°E / 36.351; 127.385

* v * t * e

Districts of Daejeon
Daejeon

* Jung * Dong * Seo * Yuseong * Daedeok
Daedeok

* v * t * e

Regions and administrative divisions of South Korea
South Korea

REGIONS

* Sudogwon (Capital area)