Daejeon (Korean: [tɛ̝.dʑʌn] ( listen)) is South
Korea's fifth-largest metropolis.
Daejeon had a population of over 1.5
million in 2010. Located in the central region of South Korea,
Daejeon serves as a hub of transportation and is at the crossroads of
major transport routes. The capital
Seoul is about 50 minutes away by
KTX high-speed train.
Daejeon is one of South Korea's administration hubs with the Daejeon
Government Complex (Other administrative hubs: Seoul,
Sejong). The Korean administration in the 1980s decided to relocate
some of its functions from Seoul, the national capital, to other
cities. Currently, 12 national government offices, including Korea
Customs Service, Small and Medium Business Administration, Public
Procurement Service, National Statistical Office, Military Manpower
Administration, Korea Forest Service, Cultural Heritage
Administration, and Korean Intellectual Property Office, as well as
Patent Court of Korea, are located in Daejeon. Korail, Korea Water
Resources Corporation, and Korea Minting and Security Printing
Corporation are also headquartered in the city.
Daejeon has 18 universities, including Korea Advanced Institute of
Science and Technology,
Chungnam National University, Hanbat National
University, Hannam University, and Korea University of Science and
Daejeon has earned its name as "Asia's Silicon Valley" and
"high technology city". The city hosted the
Taejon Expo '93
Taejon Expo '93 and the
International Mathematical Olympiads
International Mathematical Olympiads in 2000. Several important
research institutes are based in the city.
Daedeok Innopolis (
Daedeok Research and Development
Special Zone) is
composed of 28 government-funded research institutions, as well as 79
private research institutes with as many as 20,000 researchers. In
Daejeon established the World Technopolis Association (WTA)
in 1998 with the view of realizing regional development through
international cooperation with world science cities. The WTA has grown
to have 67 members from 32 countries, and it actively cooperates with
many international organizations including
UNESCO as its official
3 Administrative divisions
5 Central business district
7 Research and development
8.1 Parks and museums
12 Notable people
13 Twin towns – sister cities
14 See also
17 External links
National Government Complex, Daejeon
Human beings first settled in the
Daejeon region during the Stone Age.
It was occupied and in use as strategic military ground in various
times by people such as the Usul-gun of Baekje, Bipung-gun of Silla,
and the Hoideok-hyeon, Yuseong-hyeon, Deokjin-hyeon, and Jinjam-hyeon.
Joseon Kingdom period, it remained occupied by the
Hoideok-hyeon and Jinjam-hyeon of
Gongju Mokha. In 1895, most of the
area was made part of Hoideok-gun and Jinjam-gun, excluding some parts
that belonged to Gongju-gun.
Daejeon area was historically known as Hanbat (한밭), a
native Korean term for "large field", during the Joseon Dynasty.
"Daejeon" simply means the same thing in Hanja. In the 19th century,
Daejeon was also known in English as Kung-tsiou.
Daejeon was a small village without many residents.
However, in 1905, the Gyeongbu Railway began operations from
Busan, opening a station at Daejeon. In 1926 under the rule of the
Japanese government, the
Honam Railway was built between
Daejeon, transforming the latter into a major transportation
hub. Because of its location and proximity to means
Daejeon grew quickly.
In 1932, the capital of
Chungnam province was moved from
Daejeon. During the Korean War, the city was the site of an early
major conflict: the Battle of Taejon.
Since then, changes have been made to the city's boundaries. Its
official names have evolved, as well. Among the boundary modifications
include one that effectively made the nearby town of
Daedeok a part of
the city in 1983. Then, in the late 1980s,
Daejeon was elevated to the
Special City (Jikhalsi), thus became a separate
administrative region from Chungcheongnam-do. In 1995, all South
Special Cities were again renamed as Metropolitan Cities, which
is reflected in the current official name of Daejeon, Daejeon
Metropolitan City (대전광역시).
In 1997, the
Daejeon Government Complex
Daejeon Government Complex was constructed as part of an
effort to move some government offices away from the densely populated
capital, Seoul. The population of
Daejeon increased dramatically as
Walking path along the Gap River
Daejeon lies between latitudes N36°10'50" and N36°29'47" and
longitudes E127°14'54" and E127°33'21" near the middle of South
Korea. It is 167.3 km (104.0 mi) from Seoul, 294 km
(183 mi) from
Busan and 169 km (105 mi) from Gwangju.
Sejong, which is planned to be the new administrative capital of South
Korea, is also close by. The city lies inside a great circle and is
surrounded by several mountains, and Gyeryongsan National Park
straddles the city border to the west. The city is divided into five
boroughs: Seogu (서구),
Daedeokgu (대덕구), and Junggu (중구). Three streams flow through
the city from south to north, eventually joining with the Geum River:
Gapcheon (갑천), Yudeungcheon (유등천), and Daejeoncheon
Daejeon has a monsoon-influenced, four-season climate that lies within
the transition between the humid subtropical and humid continental
climatic regimens (Köppen Cwa/Dwa, respectively). Monthly mean
temperatures range from −1.0 °C (30.2 °F) in January to
25.6 °C (78.1 °F) in August.
Climate data for
Daejeon (1981–2010, extremes 1969–present)
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)
Average snowy days
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Percent possible sunshine
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (percent
sunshine and snowy days)
Administrative divisions of Daejeon.
Daejeon is divided into 5 districts ("Gu"):
Daedeok District (대덕구; 大德區)
Dong District (동구; 東區)
Jung District (중구; 中區)
Seo District (서구; 西區)
Yuseong District (유성구; 儒城區)
As of March 2017,
Daejeon has a population of 1,529,292, including
17,103 (1.1%) registered residents of foreign nationality.
Plot of population numbers
Not religious (47%)
According to the census of 2005, of the people of Daejeon, 21.8%
Buddhism and 31.2% follow
10.7% Catholicism). About 47% of the population is mostly not
religious or follows
Muism and other indigenous religions.
Central business district
Daejeon City Hall
The middle of the city or the new central business district called
Dunsan is where the effort of Korea's government decentralization has
manifested itself. Newer apartment complexes, albeit structurally
similar to those of the rest of the city, sprung up around the new
government structures being constructed concurrently in just a few
years starting from the mid-1990s. Newer municipal buildings including
the city's courts and the province's main parliamentary building soon
followed. The result is a several square mile neighbourhood full of
restaurants, standard Korean western-type bars and coffee shops. The
Dunsan area is a place for the workers of the new
Daejeon to live
close to their offices, most able to walk to work, and dine and shop
in a new urban environment.
Known as the Silicon Valley of Korea,
Daejeon is the home of private
and public research institutes, centers and science parks. The R&D
centers of Samsung, Institute of Information Technology Advancement,
LG, Korea University of Science and Technology, Electronics and
Telecommunications Research Institute and others are in Daedeok
Science Town in Yuseong-gu.
KAIST is an institution of higher education focused on research in
science and technology. It was ranked as the best Asian science and
technology school by
Asiaweek in 2000.
Daejeon Science High School
Daejeon Science High School is a selective high school focused on
Chungnam National University, a major national university established
South Chungcheong province, Pai Chai University, which is one
of the oldest private universities in South Korea, and Woosong
Mokwon University are in the city.
Hannam University, in O-Jeong Dong, is another university in the city.
It has plans to enlarge its campus in the next few years by expanding
into a campus it acquired from the neighbouring Taejon Christian
International School, which is now in the Techno Valley area in
Research and development
Daejeon features a technology cluster known as
defined by the national Universities Korea Advanced Institute of
Science and Technology (KAIST) and
Chungnam National University
Chungnam National University and
surrounded by government research institutes, government-invested
corporate research institutes, corporate research centers, and venture
The research institutes and universities in
Daedeok Valley have spun
off multiple startups. Korea has invested heavily in building up the
research expertise for over 30 years, creating long-term research
programs. Over 7,000 Ph.D researchers are in the sciences in
Daedeok and it had the most application for patents during
2000–2011 among the National Industrial Complex.
Researchers and businessmen work in the fields of telecommunications,
nanofabrication, biotechnology, water, nuclear and hydro power,
nuclear fusion, design, measurement technologies, mechanical
engineering, fuel cells, aeronautics, new materials, robotics, new
drugs, and environmental technologies.
Daedeok Innopolis' membership
includes 898 corporations, 35 government-invested and sponsored
institutions; six universities, and 15 public organizations.[citation
Daedeok Innopolis' universities,
KAIST is considered the top
technical university in Korea. Strong fields at KAIST
include computer science, electrical and nuclear engineering,
mechanical design, chemistry, and telecommunications. Chungnam
National University also plays a central role in those fields, and
brings expertise in biotechnology, medicine, and the agricultural
sciences. These universities are complemented by institutions such as
Hanbat National University, Pai Chai University, Hannam University,
Mokwon University, and Woosong University.
Research institutes in
Daedeok include the Korea Research Institute of
Biotechnology (KRIBB), the Korea Atomic Energy Research
Institute (KAERI), Electronic and Telecommunications Research
Institute (ETRI), the
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI),
National Fusion Research Institute, National Nanofab Center, Korean
Basic Science Research Institute, Korea Institute of Machinery and
Materials, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Korea
Institute of Science and Technology Information(KISTI), Korea Research
Institute of Standards and Science, Marine and Ocean Engineering
Research Institute, Institute for information Technology Advancement,
Korea Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources, Korea Institute
of Energy Research, Agency for Defense Development, Korea Institute of
Toxicology, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Korea Institute of
Nuclear Non-proliferation and Control, National Institute for
Mathematical Sciences, Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS) and
the National Security Research Institute. Among the technology
Daedeok are ETRI's wireless communications systems CDMA,
WIBRO, and DMB, KRIBB's nano biochips, KARI's
KOMPSAT satellites, and
NFRI's KSTAR nuclear fusion reactor.
Daedeok is also home to 21 corporate research centers with global
reach surrounded by an equal number of smaller firms. Some of the
notable corporate research centers are Dongbu Advanced Research
Institute (biotechnology, microorganisms and agrichemicals), GS-Caltex
Value Creation Center (environmentally friendly products including
substitutes for oil), Hanwha Chemical Research (biotechnology,
electronics materials, catalysts, and nanotechnology), Honam
Petrochemical Daeduk Research Institute (synthetic chemistry and
petrochemicals), LG Chemical LTD. Research Park (lithium ion battery
and polymer battery development), Samyang R&D Center (medical
research and electronics), and SK Institute of Technology
Public corporation research institutes such as Korea Electric Power
Research Institute (hydroelectric projects and nuclear energy), Korea
Institute of Construction Materials (authorized test agency for
construction materials), and Korea Institute of Aerospace Technology
(aerospace design, satellites, launch technologies) are also part of
On 16 May 2013,
Daejeon was selected as an International Science
Business Belt. 
Besides a tire production facility,
Hankook Tire has its main R&D
centre in Daejeon.
Parks and museums
Expo Science Park.
In 1993 an international exposition (Expo '93) was held at Daejeon.
The expo bridge was designed by Hui Lee Shun. Several landmarks, such
as the Hanbit Tower and the Expo Bridge, were built at this time.
After the exposition ended, the grounds were refurbished as Expo
Science Park. Next to the park is the National Science Museum, which
had moved to its current location in 1990.
There are eight popular places for sight seers which are designated by
city government. Those Eight Sights are: Sikjangsan(Mt.),
Bomunsan(보문산) (Mt.), Gubongsan(구봉산) (Mt.),
Jangtaesan(장태산) (Mt.), Yuseong Spa, EXPO Park, Daecheonghosu
Gyejoksan (Daejeon) (Mt.).
Most of the cultural centres and sight seeing places are located in
Yuseong-gu district with the exception of Ppuri park and
Daejeon O-World, Daejeon's local amusement park, consists of Daejeon
Zoo, Joy Land and Flower Land. Opened on May 1, 2009 the park is home
to 160 species of 600 animals,17 rides and themed gardens including
Sounds garden, Herb Garden, RoseGarden etc.
Daejeon Art & Culture Complex, located in Dunsan Amusement
Park, is an art museum focused on the convergence of art and
technology. Since it was established in 1998, numerous exhibitions on
contemporary art have been held. Another important cultural
institution is the
Daejeon Philharmonic Orchestra, which performs in
Daejeon Culture & Arts Center and other local venues, and which
recently completed several international tours, including visits to
United States and Japan.
Daejeon is a provincial center for the television, newspaper and
Major television broadcasting companies, such as KBS and MBC, have
branches in Daejeon; TJB is a local television broadcaster based in
Daejeon. Cable TV services are available in most apartments. Eight (8)
channels of Mobile TV are provided with the digital radio channels.
Several FM radio stations provide news and music on the air. KBS, MBC,
TJB have their FM radio channels, there are Christian radio channels,
FEBC and CBS, and traffic news channel TBN.
Daejeon ilbo is a local newspaper which covers South Chungcheong
Daejeon World Cup Stadium
Daejeon World Cup Stadium was constructed in preparation for the
2002 FIFA World Cup. Several games have been held there, including the
South Korea vs. Italy match in the second round. It is also the
current home for the
K League Challenge football club
and National League side
Daejeon also hosts amateur
Daejeon de la Cuba, which plays in the Super Sunday
The city is home to
Pak Se-ri and Jang Jeong.
also the hometown of former
New York Mets
New York Mets left-handed reliever
Hanwha Eagles of the
KBO League play their home games at Daejeon
Baseball Stadium in Busa-dong.
Daejeon is a center of transportation in South Korea, where two major
Gyeongbu Expressway and
Honam Expressway, and two major
Gyeongbu railway and
Honam railway, are joined. Travel
Seoul using the
KTX high-speed rail system is
about 50 minutes. The nearest airport to
about a thirty-minute drive north of Daejeon. However, there are also
direct bus connections to
Incheon International Airport.
Daejeon Subway Line 1, of a planned five-line subway system
has been operating since April 17, 2007 (partial operations on this
line began on March 16, 2006). This subway line connects Daejeon
Station, located in the original city center, with the more modern and
more recently developed sections of this city, including Dunsan, where
the city hall and a number of national government buildings are
Notable differences between the
Daejeon subway and the
include narrower cars, no doors connecting cars, four cars per train
rather than ten, and storage space under the seats for use by
passengers. The plastic tokens for toll are read by a proximity
sensor when entering the turnstiles, and then inserted into a slot
when exiting. The design of the tokens allows them to be used for
Platform screen doors
Platform screen doors are installed in the subway
South Chuncheong Provincial Office in 1920s.
Government offices for the
South Chungcheong province in 2007
Daejeon Station in 1920s
Daejeon train station in 2007
Eunhaeng-Sunhwa neighborhood in 1920s
Song Joong-ki is a native of Daejeon
Kim Joon-ho, comedian
Do Ji-han (actor)
GunWoo (MYNAME member)
Han Sang-hyuk (
Kim Young-deuk (a/k/a E.D.), one-half of E-Tribe
Lee Na-eun (April member)
Lee Yoon-ki, film director
Rhie Won-bok, cartoonist
Chen (EXO member)
Ryu Su-jeong (
Kyu Ha Kim
Baek Ye-rin (15& member)
Park Ji-min (15& member)
Yeo Chang-gu (
Pentagon (South Korean band)
Pentagon (South Korean band) member)
Jo Jin-ho (ko) (
Pentagon (South Korean band)
Pentagon (South Korean band) member)
Twin towns – sister cities
Bình Dương Province
List of cities in South Korea
List of Korea-related topics
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Daejeon.
Metropolitan Government (in English)
Daejeon : Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.
Coordinates: 36°21′04″N 127°23′06″E / 36.351°N
127.385°E / 36.351; 127.385
Districts of Daejeon
Regions and administrative divisions of South Korea
Sudogwon (Capital area)
Special self-governing province
Special self-governing city
The Committee for the
Five Northern Korean Provinces
Cities in South Korea
Metropolitan autonomous city
Note: A also a provincial capital; B also designated as a
special-status city; C a county, not a city; D also designated as an
administrative city; and E does not have gus