DAEJEON (Korean: ( listen )) is
South Korea 's fifth-largest
Daejeon had a population of over 1.5 million in 2010.
Located in the central region of South Korea,
Daejeon serves as a hub
of transportation and is at the crossroads of major transport routes.
Seoul is about 50 minutes away by high-speed train .
Daejeon is one of South Korea's administration hubs with the Daejeon
Government Complex (Other administrative hubs: Seoul,
Sejong). The Korean administration in the 1980s decided to relocate
some of its functions from Seoul, the national capital, to other
cities. Currently, 12 national government offices, including Korea
Customs Service, Small and Medium Business Administration, Public
Procurement Service, National Statistical Office, Military Manpower
Korea Forest Service
Korea Forest Service , Cultural Heritage
Administration , and
Korean Intellectual Property Office , as well as
Patent Court of Korea, are located in Daejeon. Korea Railroad
Corporation , Korea Water Resources Corporation , and Korea Minting
and Security Printing Corporation are also headquartered in the city.
Daejeon has 18 universities, including Korea Advanced Institute of
Science and Technology ,
Chungnam National University
Chungnam National University , Hanbat
National University ,
Hannam University , and Korea University of
Science and Technology .
Daejeon has earned its name as "Asia's
Silicon Valley" and "high technology city". The city hosted the
Taejon Expo \'93 and the
International Mathematical Olympiads in 2000.
Several important research institutes are based in the city.
Daedeok Innopolis (
Daedeok Research and Development
Special Zone) is
composed of 28 government-funded research institutions, as well as 79
private research institutes with as many as 20,000 researchers. In
Daejeon established the World Technopolis Association (WTA)
in 1998 with the view of realizing regional development through
international cooperation with world science cities. The WTA has grown
to have 67 members from 32 countries, and it actively cooperates with
many international organizations including
UNESCO as its official
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Climate
* 3 Administrative divisions
* 4 Demographics
* 4.1 Religion
* 5 Central business district
* 6 Education
* 7 Research and development
* 8 Culture
* 8.1 Parks and museums
* 8.2 Media
* 9 Sports
* 10 Transportation
* 10.1 Subway
* 11 Gallery
* 12 Notable people
* 13 Twin towns – sister cities
* 14 See also
* 15 Notes
* 16 References
* 16.1 Citations
* 16.2 Bibliography
* 17 External links
Government Complex, Daejeon
Human beings first settled in the
Daejeon region during the Stone Age
. It was occupied and in use as strategic military ground in various
times by people such as the Usul-gun of
Baekje , Bipung-gun of
and the Hoideok-hyeon, Yuseong-hyeon, Deokjin-hyeon, and Jinjam-hyeon.
Joseon Kingdom period, it remained occupied by the
Hoideok-hyeon and Jinjam-hyeon of
Gongju Mokha. In 1895, most of the
area was made part of Hoideok-gun and Jinjam-gun, excluding some parts
that belonged to Gongju-gun.
Daejeon area was historically known as Hanbat (한밭), a native
Korean term for "large field", during the
Joseon Dynasty . "Daejeon"
simply means the same thing in
Daejeon was a small village without many residents.
However, in 1905, the Gyeongbu Railway began operations from
Busan , opening a station at Daejeon. In 1926 under the rule of the
Japanese government, the
Honam Railway was built between
Daejeon, transforming the latter into a major transportation hub.
Because of its location and proximity to means of transportation,
Daejeon grew quickly.
In 1932, the capital of
Chungnam province was moved from
Daejeon. During the
Korean War , the city was the site of an early
major conflict: the
Battle of Taejon
Battle of Taejon .
Since then, changes have been made to the city's boundaries. Its
official names have evolved, as well. Among the boundary modifications
include one that effectively made the nearby town of
Daedeok a part of
the city in 1983. Then, in the late 1980s,
Daejeon was elevated to the
Special City (Jikhalsi), thus became a separate
administrative region from
Chungcheongnam-do . In 1995, all South
Special Cities were again renamed as Metropolitan Cities ,
which is reflected in the current official name of Daejeon, Daejeon
Metropolitan City (대전광역시).
In 1997, the
Daejeon Government Complex
Daejeon Government Complex was constructed as part of an
effort to move some government offices away from the densely populated
capital, Seoul. The population of
Daejeon increased dramatically as a
Walking path along the Gap River
Daejeon lies between latitudes N36°10'50" and N36°29'47" and
longitudes E127°14'54" and E127°33'21" near the middle of South
Korea . It is 167.3 km (104.0 mi) from Seoul, 294 km (183 mi) from
Busan and 169 km (105 mi) from
Gwangju . Sejong , which is planned to
be the new administrative capital of South Korea, is also close by.
The city lies inside a great circle and is surrounded by several
Gyeryongsan National Park straddles the city border to
the west. The city is divided into five boroughs: Seogu (서구 ),
Donggu (동구 ),
Yuseonggu (유성구 ),
Daedeokgu (대덕구 ), and
Junggu (중구 ). Three streams flow through the city from south to
north, eventually joining with the
Geum River : Gapcheon (갑천 ),
Yudeungcheon (유등천 ), and Daejeoncheon (대전천 ).
Daejeon has a monsoon -influenced, four-season climate that lies
within the transition between the humid subtropical and humid
continental climatic regimens (Köppen Cwa/Dwa, respectively). Monthly
mean temperatures range from −1.0 °C (30.2 °F) in January to 25.6
°C (78.1 °F) in August.
CLIMATE DATA FOR DAEJEON (1981–2010, EXTREMES 1969–PRESENT)
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM)
AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (percent sunshine
and snowy days)
Administrative divisions of Daejeon.
Daejeon is divided into 5 districts ("Gu "):
Daedeok District (대덕구 ; 大德區 )
* Dong District (동구 ; 東區 )
* Jung District (중구 ; 中區 )
* Seo District (서구 ; 西區 )
Yuseong District (유성구 ; 儒城區 )
As of March 2017,
Daejeon has a population of 1,529,292, including
17,103 (1.1%) registered residents of foreign nationality. Plot
of population numbers
Daejeon (2005) Not religious (47%)
Protestantism (20.5%) Catholicism (10.7%)
According to the census of 2005, of the people of Daejeon, 21.8%
Buddhism and 31.2% follow
10.7% Catholicism ). About 47% of the population is mostly not
religious or follows
Muism and other indigenous religions.
CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
Daejeon City Hall
The middle of the city or the new central business district called
Dunsan is where the effort of Korea's government decentralization has
manifested itself. Newer apartment complexes, albeit structurally
similar to those of the rest of the city, sprung up around the new
government structures being constructed concurrently in just a few
years starting from the mid-1990s. Newer municipal buildings including
the city's courts and the province's main parliamentary building soon
followed. The result is a several square mile neighbourhood full of
restaurants, standard Korean western-type bars and coffee shops. The
Dunsan area is a place for the workers of the new
Daejeon to live
close to their offices, most able to walk to work, and dine and shop
in a new urban environment.
Known as the Silicon Valley of Korea,
Daejeon is the home of private
and public research institutes, centers and science parks. The R six
universities, and 15 public organizations.
Daedeok Innopolis' universities,
KAIST is considered the top
technical university in Korea. Strong fields at
KAIST include computer
science, electrical and nuclear engineering, mechanical design,
chemistry, and telecommunications.
Chungnam National University
Chungnam National University also
plays a central role in those fields, and brings expertise in
biotechnology, medicine, and the agricultural sciences. These
universities are complemented by institutions such as Hanbat National
Pai Chai University ,
Hannam University , Mokwon
University , and
Woosong University .
Research institutes in
Daedeok include the Korea Research Institute
of Bioscience and
Biotechnology (KRIBB), the Korea Atomic Energy
Research Institute (KAERI), Electronic and Telecommunications Research
Institute (ETRI), the
Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI),
National Fusion Research Institute, National Nanofab Center, Korean
Basic Science Research Institute, Korea Institute of Machinery and
Materials, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Korea
Institute of Science and Technology Information(KISTI), Korea Research
Institute of Standards and Science, Marine and Ocean Engineering
Research Institute, Institute for information Technology Advancement,
Korea Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources, Korea Institute
of Energy Research, Agency for Defense Development, Korea Institute of
Toxicology, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Korea Institute of
Nuclear Non-proliferation and Control, National Institute for
Mathematical Sciences, Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS) and
the National Security Research Institute. Among the technology
Daedeok are ETRI's wireless communications systems CDMA,
WIBRO, and DMB, KRIBB's nano biochips, KARI's
KOMPSAT satellites, and
NFRI's KSTAR nuclear fusion reactor.
Daedeok is also home to 21 corporate research centers with global
reach surrounded by an equal number of smaller firms. Some of the
notable corporate research centers are Dongbu Advanced Research
Institute (biotechnology, microorganisms and agrichemicals), GS-Caltex
Value Creation Center (environmentally friendly products including
substitutes for oil), Hanwha Chemical Research (biotechnology,
electronics materials, catalysts, and nanotechnology), Honam
Petrochemical Daeduk Research Institute (synthetic chemistry and
petrochemicals), LG Chemical LTD. Research Park (lithium ion battery
and polymer battery development), Samyang R&D Center (medical research
and electronics), and SK Institute of Technology (petroleum-related
Public corporation research institutes such as Korea Electric Power
Research Institute (hydroelectric projects and nuclear energy), Korea
Institute of Construction Materials (authorized test agency for
construction materials), and Korea Institute of Aerospace Technology
(aerospace design, satellites, launch technologies) are also part of
On 16 May 2013,
Daejeon was selected as an International Science
Besides a tire production facility,
Hankook Tire has its main R">
Expo Science Park.
In 1993 an international exposition (Expo \'93 ) was held at Daejeon.
The expo bridge was designed by Hui Lee Shun. Several landmarks, such
as the Hanbit Tower and the Expo Bridge, were built at this time.
After the exposition ended, the grounds were refurbished as Expo
Science Park . Next to the park is the National Science Museum , which
had moved to its current location in 1990.
There are eight popular places for sight seers which are designated
by city government. Those Eight Sights are:
Bomunsan (보문산) (Mt.), Gubongsan (구봉산) (Mt.), Jangtaesan
(장태산) (Mt.), Yuseong Spa , EXPO Park , Daecheonghosu (Lake), and
Gyejoksan (Daejeon) (Mt.).
Most of the cultural centres and sight seeing places are located in
Yuseong-gu district with the exception of Ppuri park and
Daejeon Museum of Art , located in Dunsan Grand Park, is an art
museum focused on the convergence of art and technology. Since it was
established in 1998, numerous exhibitions on contemporary art have
been held. Another important cultural institution is the Daejeon
Philharmonic Orchestra, which performs in
Daejeon Culture TJB is a
local television broadcaster based in Daejeon. Cable TV services are
available in most apartments. Eight (8) channels of Mobile TV are
provided with the digital radio channels. Several FM radio stations
provide news and music on the air. KBS, MBC, TJB have their FM radio
channels, there are Christian radio channels, FEBC and CBS, and
traffic news channel TBN.
Daejeon ilbo is a local newspaper which covers South Chungcheong
Daejeon World Cup Stadium
Daejeon World Cup Stadium was constructed in preparation for the
2002 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA World Cup . Several games have been held there, including
South Korea vs. Italy match in the second round. It is also the
current home for the
K League Challenge football club
, and National League side
Daejeon Korail FC .
Daejeon also hosts
amateur football club
Daejeon de la Cuba , which plays in the Super
Sunday Football League .
The city is home to
Pak Se-ri and
Jang Jeong . Daejeon
is also the hometown of former
New York Mets
New York Mets left-handed reliever
Dae-Sung Koo .
Hanwha Eagles of the
KBO League play their home games at Daejeon
Baseball Stadium in Busa-dong.
Daejeon Station .
Daejeon is a center of transportation in South Korea, where two major
Gyeongbu Expressway and
Honam Expressway , and two major
Gyeongbu railway and
Honam railway , are joined. Travel
Seoul using the
KTX high-speed rail system is
about 50 minutes. The nearest airport to
Cheongju Airport ,
about a thirty-minute drive north of Daejeon. However, there are also
direct bus connections to
Incheon International Airport
Incheon International Airport .
Daejeon Subway Line 1 , of a planned five-line subway
system has been operating since April 17, 2007 (partial operations on
this line began on March 16, 2006). This subway line connects Daejeon
Station , located in the original city center, with the more modern
and more recently developed sections of this city, including Dunsan,
where the city hall and a number of national government buildings are
Notable differences between the
Daejeon subway and the
include narrower cars, no doors connecting cars, four cars per train
rather than ten, and storage space under the seats for use by
passengers. The plastic tokens for toll are read by a proximity
sensor when entering the turnstiles, and then inserted into a slot
when exiting. The design of the tokens allows them to be used for
Platform screen doors
Platform screen doors are installed in the subway
South Chuncheong Provincial Office in 1920s.
Government offices for the
South Chungcheong province in 2007
Daejeon Station in 1920s
Daejeon train station in 2007
Eunhaeng-Sunhwa neighborhood in 1920s
Song Joong-ki is a native of
* Kim Joon-ho , comedian
* Baek Shin-ji
Do Ji-han (actor)
* GunWoo (MYNAME member)
* Han Sang-hyuk (
* Kim Young-deuk (a/k/a E.D.), one-half of
* Lee Na-eun (April member)
Lee Yoon-ki , film director
Rhie Won-bok , cartoonist
* Chen (EXO member)
Kyu Ha Kim
Baek Ye-rin (15& member)
Park Ji-min (15border:solid #aaa 1px">
* Korea portal
* List of cities in
List of Korea-related topics
* ^ In the 19th century,
Daejeon was also known in English as
* ^ A B "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Archived
from the original on 4 June 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
* ^ EB (1878) , p. 390.
* ^ "Population, Households and Housing Units". Korean Statistical
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* ^ 선사시대의대전 (IN KOREAN). DAEJEON.GO.KR. RETRIEVED
* ^ "
Daejeon Government Complex". Government Buildings Management
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* ^ Oh, Changyeop (2006-03-22). "Daejeon, Larger Population than
Gwangju". Prometheus (in Korean). Retrieved 2007-02-22. 이러한
대전의 인구증가 요인은 지난 1998년 정부대전청사
이전과 한국철도공사, 특허법원, 대덕연구단지 등이
자리를 잡은 것과 관련이 있다.
* ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010) 대전(133)" (in Korean). Korea
Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
* ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온
(℃) 최고순위, 대전(133)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological
Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
* ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온
(℃) 최고순위, 대전(133)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological
Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
* ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological
Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF)
on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
* ^ Population statistics 1st Quarter 2017
* ^ A B 2005 Census - Religion Results
* ^ "Asia\'s Best Universities 2000".
Asiaweek . 2000-06-30.
* ^ "
Daejeon Science High School" (in Korean). Retrieved
2007-02-21. High schools in
South Korea usually do not require
special entrance exams.
* ^ ko:대덕연구단지
* ^ 공감코리아(sympathyKorea) (21 March 2012). "Management
Division International Science Business Belt implementation plan,
2012". 공감코리아(sympathyKorea) archive. publish in book form:
1–93 . Retrieved 7 April 2013.
* ^ "
Hankook Tire Review – Enfren Tires". Trucktrend.com.
2008-12-17. Retrieved 2014-03-22.
* ^ "History". National Science Museum of Korea. Retrieved
* ^ 8 good places
* ^ "Riding
Daejeon Subway". iris's talk on above 18 & computers &
and society (in Korean). 2006-05-08. Retrieved 2007-02-28.
* ^ "Visiting
Daejeon Subway". Korean Faction (in Korean).
2006-03-17. Archived from the original on 2007-01-03. Retrieved
2007-02-28. 뒷면에는 대전소재 배재대학교의 광고가
* ^ "Sister Cities, Public Relations".
government. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved
March 12, 2013.
* "Corea", Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. VI, New York:
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, pp. 390–394 .
Wikimedia Commons has media related to DAEJEON .
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for DAEJEON .
* Metropolitan Government
Daejeon : Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.
Coordinates : 36°21′04″N 127°23′06″E / 36.351°N
127.385°E / 36.351; 127.385
Regions and administrative divisions of
* Sudogwon (Capital area)