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Dadar
Dadar
is the first planned suburb of Mumbai.It is a densely populated residential and shopping neighbourhood.It is also a prominent railway and bus service hub with local and national connectivity.[2] Dadar
Dadar
is also a hub for Marathi culture in Mumbai.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Etymology 1.2 Origins 1.3 19th and 20th century 1.4 Present

2 Description

2.1 Orientation

3 Economy 4 Infrastructure

4.1 Prominent Residential Neighbourhoods

5 Transportation

5.1 Rail Transport 5.2 Road Transport

6 Culture

6.1 Cinema 6.2 Restaurants and cuisine 6.3 Park & Gardens 6.4 Places of worship

7 Education 8 Famous personalities 9 References

History[edit] Etymology[edit] Dadar
Dadar
(दादर) in Marathi language
Marathi language
means 'Ladder', perhaps indicative of its importance as an important connection between main Mumbai island and surrounding islands in the past. Origins[edit]

Portuguese Church, Dadar
Dadar
(West)

In the 16th century, the area was known as lower Mahim
Mahim
as it was located on the island of Mahim, one of the Seven islands of Mumbai which, after Mumbai Island proper, was the most important during the whole of the Portuguese period.[3] The Portuguese Franciscans
Franciscans
built a church here in 1596 called Nossa Senhora de Salvação, which is popularly known today as Portuguese Church and is a familiar Dadar landmark.[4] 19th and 20th century[edit] The Dadar-Matunga-Wadala-Sion scheme of 1899-1900 was the first planned scheme in Mumbai. The Bombay Improvement Trust devised the plan to relieve congestion in the center of the town following the plague epidemics of the 1890s. According to the survey plan, 60,000 people were to be housed at Dadar- Matunga
Matunga
and an equal number in Sion-Matunga. 85,000 people were to be accommodated in the developments in Sewri-Wadala. Among the institutions moved to Dadar
Dadar
under the City Improvement Trust (CIT)[5] plan were Victoria Jubilee Technical Institute, now known as Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute
Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute
and King George school, now known as IES' Raja Shivaji Vidyalaya (now a collection of several schools). The plan regulated constructions and restricted building construction to three storeys high with open space between them. Ramnarain Ruia College in 1937 and Ramniranjan Podar College was founded in 1939, completing Dadar’s transition from residential area to a diverse neighborhood. Both colleges are run by SP Mandali. Dr. Antonio Da Silva High School one of the oldest school founded in 1851 during the British India
British India
period is located here. During the cotton mill era of Mumbai, some key mills like Bombay Dyeing (Spring Mills), Gold Mohur Mills, Kohinoor Mills, Ruby Mills and Tata Mills were located in Dadar. During the redevelopment of Mumbai mills some of these were redeveloped or went defunct. By 1937 Shivaji Park
Shivaji Park
and the surrounding areas were developed. This public space was to become an important stage in the political drama leading up to India's independence. Later political history in Mumbai also unfolded in this park. The Sharadashram society as well as school built in 1948-50 are the biggest landmarks of Dadar. Sharadashram society is Asia's first registered society as well as first society in Mumbai. In 1993 Bombay bombings, a defused bomb was discovered in Dadar
Dadar
by Dr. JK Mandot who also provided the Mumbai police their first clue in the 1993 blasts probe, when on March 13, 1993, he alerted them about a dubious-looking Bajaj Chetak scooter (MH-04-Z-261) parked outside his dispensary on Naigaum Cross Road. The scooter, laden with RDX, had failed to explode, and was defused after Mandot's call to the police control room[6] Present[edit] Dadar
Dadar
as a neighbourhood has undergone tremendous changes. Places like Parsi colony and Hindu colony still retain the old world charm but much has changed over the years - Iranian restaurants have vanished, old traditional buildings have been converted into modern apartments, chawls are difficult to find and existing ones are in dilapidated condition, well known eateries are giving way to new food joints and delicacies, and the history behind landmarks like Dadar
Dadar
T.T. have become obscure. Description[edit] Orientation[edit] Dadar
Dadar
is located between Matunga, Wadala, Parel, Prabhadevi
Prabhadevi
and Elphinstone Road. Dadar
Dadar
is divided into East and West by the railway line. Dadar
Dadar
East is popularly called Dadar
Dadar
Central or Dadar
Dadar
T.T (now Khodadad Circle) because the former Dadar
Dadar
Tram
Tram
Terminus (which was closed with the closure of the tram network in Mumbai) was located here. Dadar
Dadar
West is sometimes referred to as Dadar
Dadar
B.B. because it lies along the western line, which was once part of the Mumbai & Baroda
Baroda
& Central India (BB&CI) Railway. Dr. B.A. Ambedkar road runs north-south and connects to Parel
Parel
in South to Matunga
Matunga
in North, while Senapati Bapat Marg, Gokhale Road And Veer Savarkar Marg connects western side of Dadar
Dadar
to ( Lower Parel
Lower Parel
and Prabhadevi) in south and Mahim
Mahim
in North. Built in 1923, Lokmanya Tilak bridge (once referred by locals as Kingsway bridge as it was extended to Kingsway road which was renamed Ambedkar road) is one of the oldest bridge in Mumbai and connects Dadar
Dadar
east (Khodadad Circle) with Dadar
Dadar
west and even more so, between east and west Mumbai. This rail-over-bridge becomes even more critical connect for devotees during Ganesh Visarjan when Ganesh idols across the eastern side of Mumbai are brought to Dadar
Dadar
Chowpatty for the immersion (visarjan). Apart from this bridge, there are few pedestrian rail-over bridges that keeps the crowd moving on foot from east and west Shivaji Park
Shivaji Park
Residential area, a predominantly upper-middle-class residential zone, has also become a highly sought after residential area in Central Mumbai because of its proximity to the Dadar Chowpatty, Shivaji Park, Mahatma Gandhi Olympic Swimming Pool and the famous Siddhivinayak temple in Dadar
Dadar
adjoining Shivaji Park
Shivaji Park
Chowpatty or sea shore Dadar
Dadar
West is widespread up to Reunion Restaurant where Mahim
Mahim
starts in north and up to Sayani Road Junction were Prabhadevi starts on south. Similarly Dadar
Dadar
East is widespread up to Five Gardens were Matunga
Matunga
starts in North and up to Premier Theatre in South were Parel
Parel
starts. Economy[edit]

Former cotton mill in Dadar

Dadar
Dadar
West market is a very popular shopping destination for residents of central Mumbai, the suburbs, and distant satellite towns. Dadar vegetable market is the heart of the city and was responsible for distributing vegetables across all of Mumbai. It was once said that one can get all possible things in Dadar. Both east and west areas are dotted with women's (particularly spree) and children's clothing shops. Many prominent jewelry shops can be found in Dadar. Mumbai's first Titan watches showroom was opened in Dadar
Dadar
in 1989. Infrastructure[edit] Prominent Residential Neighbourhoods[edit]

Shivaji Park Mayoral Bungalow B.R.Ambedkar Memorial (Chaitya bhoomi) Balmohan Vidya Mandir IES King George School Hindu colony Lokmanya Tilak Colony Khandke Building, (1-12) Dadar
Dadar
Parsi Colony Plaza Theater Swatantraveer Savarkar Market Kabutar Khana Portuguese Church Rajgad (MNS Headquarters) Sena Bhavan (Shivsena Headquarters) Tilak Bhuvan (Congress Headquarters) Shivaji Natya Mandir Prakash Hotel Shardashram Vidya Mandir Saitan Chowki Naka Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha Goregaonkar Premises - Dadar's 2nd oldest Ganeshotsav (Since 1921) Khed Gully Dadar Siddhivinayak Temple Ravindra Natya Mandir Kirti College Datta Raul Maidan

Dadar
Dadar
is also home to the Mumbai Mayor's Bungalow, the official residence of the Mayor of Mumbai. Transportation[edit] Rail Transport[edit]

Dadar
Dadar
railway station

Dadar
Dadar
is a prominent railway terminus on both the Western and Central lines of the Mumbai Suburban Railway
Mumbai Suburban Railway
network. Being the only common railway station to both the Central and Western lines, it makes a transit point for many passengers traveling through Suburban Railway. It is estimated that the station receives more than 500,000 visitors daily. Road Transport[edit] Dadar
Dadar
east has been also a key interchange point for those coming from Pune, Panvel
Panvel
and Navi Mumbai
Navi Mumbai
by road transport. A bus hub next to Dadar
Dadar
GPO is a destination point for many buses coming from out of Mumbai. Locally, Dadar
Dadar
is well connected to other neighbourhoods of Mumbai, namely Matunga, Wadala, Parel, Elphinstone Road, Prabhadevi, and Mahim. Culture[edit] Dadar
Dadar
has long been a cultural center for Maharashtrians and the Marathi speaking population, and also for the entire Indian diaspora. Cinema[edit] Dada Saheb Phalke (in recognition of whom the road Dada Saheb Phalke Road is named) partly shot his first film “Raja Harishchandra” at Mathura Bhavan, in one of his friend's residence in Dadar
Dadar
East.[7] Apart from this studio, many other prominent film studios such as Ranjit Studios
Ranjit Studios
and Rooptara Studios were eventually built on this road. There is also an active crowd that watches dramas and Shivaji Mandir is one of the few theatres in Mumbai that has catered to the middle class' interest in the dramatic arts. It was here that artists like Vijay Tendulkar, Vijaya Mehta, Mahesh Elkunchwar, Dr. Shreeram Lagoo and Nana Patekar found an eager audience. Dadar
Dadar
has been also home to movie halls like Chitra Cinema, Inox Nakshatra and Hindmata Cinema. Plaza Cinema, a prominent theatre in west Dadar
Dadar
was damaged during the 1993 bomb-blasts/riots. It has now reopened and remains one of the theatres in Mumbai that show Marathi movies. Restaurants and cuisine[edit] Vada Pao was invented outside Dadar
Dadar
Station in 1971, by Ashok Vaidya using the Pao (Portuguese word for bread).[8] Apart from Vada Pao, Dadar
Dadar
is also popular for traditional Maharashtrian food like Batata Vada, Thalipith, Sabudana Vada, Misal Pav, Usal Pav, Puri Bhaji, Pithla Bhakri, Piyush (a sweet drink) and Lassi. There are many restaurants likePrakash Hotel, Aaswad Hotel, Sindhudurg Hotel, Gomantak Hotel and Panshikar that serve Marathi food. However, food option is as diverse as it can get in Mumbai. Restaurants catering to Udupi, Panjabi and north Indian, Chinese, Thai and many other cuisines dot the landscape. Park & Gardens[edit]

Shivaji Park, aerial view

Shivaji Park, one of the largest parks in Mumbai is situated in Dadar west and is the hub of sports activities, particularly for cricket enthusiasts. Many cricketers like Ashok Mankad, Vinoo Mankad, Vijay Hazare, Salim Durani, Ajit Wadekar, Sunil Gavaskar, Sandip Patil, Sachin Tendulkar, Vinod Kambli, Ajit Agarkar
Ajit Agarkar
and Sanjay Manjrekar have been trained here. Spread across 112, 937 square meters (27.907 acres) it houses Samartha Vyayam Mandir (gymnasium), Shivaji Park
Shivaji Park
Nagrik Sangh, Shivaji Park
Shivaji Park
Gymkhana (club), children's park, Nana Nani park, Scout's Pavilion, Ganesh Mandir, The Bengali Club with Kali shrine and a library. The walkway is lined with huge rain trees and stone wall for sitting, a popular evening spot for many residents around.

Dadar
Dadar
Chowpatty(beach)

Dadar
Dadar
Chowpatty (seashore) with its sea, sand and Mumbai chat counters is a popular gateway for families from the hustle bustle of the city. Some other parks include Five Gardens next to Parsi Colony, Veer Kotwal Udyan, Vaidya Udyan along Lakhamsi Nappu road. Places of worship[edit] Dadar
Dadar
has plenty of religious places including BAPS Swaminarayan Mandir (opp. Dadar
Dadar
east railway station), Rustom Foramina Agiary (Parsi colony), N C Narielwala Dadar
Dadar
Agiary (Naigam cross road), Kali Temple (Shivaji Park), Ganesh temple (Shivaji Park), Siddhivinayak Temple (Dadar), Jakhadevi Mandhir (Saitan Chowki) Sri Guru Singh Sabha Bombay (Ambedkar road), Shri Krishna Mandir Sabhagruh, Shri Mahaveer Digambar Jain Mandir, Hanuman Mandir (outside Dadar
Dadar
east railway station), Peer Bagdadi Dargah and mosque, Portuguese church (Dadar west), St. Marys Orthodox Cathedral (first Malankara Orthodox Syrian church in Mumbai) and Indian Pentecostal church. Dadar
Dadar
is also home to Chaitya Bhoomi, memorial and place where Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Chief architect of Indian Constitution was cremated. His death anniversary, 6 December, is observed as Mahaparinirvan Din when lakhs of people across the nation throng Chaityabhoomi to pay homage to him. Education[edit] Dadar
Dadar
boasts some of the most reputed schools and colleges in Mumbai. Antonio Da Silva High School (estd 1868), King George School (now IES) (estd 1912), Shardashram Vidya Mandhir School and Balmohan Vidyamandir (estd 1940) are some of the oldest schools founded during the British India period. Dadar
Dadar
East houses Smt. Kamla Mehta Dadar
Dadar
School for the Blind, a 100+ year old institution that was set up by American Marathi Mission to serve blind children.[9] Two of the most prominent colleges in Mumbai, Ramnarain Ruia College and Ramniranjan Anandilal Podar College of Commerce and Economics are near Dadar.[10] Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute
Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute
is one of the oldest engineering colleges in India and is in Matunga, adjacent to Dadar.[11] Dadar
Dadar
hosts specialised institutes like Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) and National Institute of Fashion Technology or NIFT (Ministry of Textiles, Government of India). Famous personalities[edit] List of prominent personalities who resided in Dadar
Dadar
include:

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
in Savarkar Sadan, Shivaji Park B. R. Ambedkar
B. R. Ambedkar
in Rajgruha, Hindu colony Bal Thackeray Meena Kumari Sandeep Patil Ajit Agarkar Boman Irani Raj Thackeray

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dadar.

^ "Pincode Locator Tool". Pincode.org.in. Retrieved 11 January 2014.  ^ "Dadar, Mumbai's first planned suburb". scroll.in.  ^ "History of Portuguese Church". Salvacaochurch.tripod.com. Retrieved 29 March 2012.  ^ [1] Archived 2008-09-14 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Dadar, Matunga, Wadala, Sion: Mumbai/Bombay pages". Theory.tifr.res.in. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ "Doctor whose curiosity triggered a blast and saved lives - Indian Express". Archive.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ "Where it all began". Thehindu.com. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ "Nearly 50 years since its invention, the story of the vada pav hits the big screen at Jio MAMI". www.firstpost.com.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-23. Retrieved 2016-04-04.  ^ "R.A.Podar College Of Commerce & Economics Official Website". Rapodar.ac.in. Retrieved 2016-06-30.  ^ "A Brief History of VJTI". Vjti.ac.in. Retrieved 2016-06-30. 

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