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Da Nang
Da Nang
(Vietnamese: Đà Nẵng, [ɗâː nǎˀŋ] ( listen)) is the fourth largest city in Vietnam after Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi
Hanoi
and Haiphong
Haiphong
in terms of urbanization and economy.[2] Located on the coast of the South China Sea
South China Sea
at the mouth of the Han River, it is one of Vietnam's most important port cities. It is governed as one of the five direct-controlled municipalities of Vietnam
Vietnam
and is thus under direct administration of the central government. Da Nang
Da Nang
is the commercial and educational center of Central Vietnam, as well as being the largest city in the region. In addition to its well-sheltered, easily accessible port, Da Nang's location on the path of National Route 1A and the North–South Railway makes it a hub for transportation. It is located within 100 km (62 mi) of several UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Sites, including the Imperial City of Hue, the Old Town of Hoi An, and the My Son ruins. The city was previously known as Cửa Hàn during early Đại Việt
Đại Việt
settlement, and as Tourane (or Turon) during French colonial rule. Before 1997, the city was part of Quang Nam- Da Nang
Da Nang
Province. On 1 January 1997, Da Nang
Da Nang
was separated from Quảng Nam Province
Quảng Nam Province
to become one of four independent (centrally controlled) municipalities in Vietnam. Da Nang
Da Nang
is listed as a first class city,[3] and has a higher urbanization ratio than any of Vietnam's other provinces or centrally governed cities.[4]

Contents

1 Names and etymology 2 History

2.1 Western contact 2.2 Republic of Vietnam

3 Geography

3.1 Geology and topography 3.2 Climate

3.2.1 Natural disasters

4 Demographics 5 Politics 6 Administrative divisions 7 Economy

7.1 Agriculture, forestry, fishing 7.2 Industry 7.3 Trade 7.4 Property

8 Culture

8.1 Tourism 8.2 Cuisine 8.3 Sport

9 Education 10 Infrastructure

10.1 Health 10.2 Transportation

10.2.1 By air 10.2.2 By land 10.2.3 By sea

11 Sister cities 12 See also 13 Notes and references 14 External links

Names and etymology[edit] See also: Names of Da Nang
Da Nang
in different languages Most of the names by which Da Nang
Da Nang
has been known make reference to its position at the Hàn River estuary. The city's present name is generally agreed to be a Vietnamese adaptation of the Cham word da nak, which is translated as "opening of a large river".[5][6]

A map of Annam drafted by Alexandre de Rhodes. "Cua han" appears along the coast (upside-down, left of centre).

Other Chamic sources, with similar definitions, have been proposed. Inrasara (aka Phú Trạm), a researcher specializing in Champa, suggests Da Nang
Da Nang
is a variation of the Cham word daknan (lit. "the large water"); Sakaya (aka Văn Món), another Champa
Champa
researcher, claims a connection with the Raglai word danang, meaning "river source".[7] Another name given to Da Nang
Da Nang
was Cửa Hàn (lit. "mouth of the Han [river]"). The name used by the French, Tourane, is said to derive from this name, by way of a rough transliteration.[8] Notably, this name (spelled "Cua han") appears on maps of the area drafted by Alexandre de Rhodes
Alexandre de Rhodes
in 1650. The name Kean (cf. Kẻ Hàn, roughly "Han market") was another name purportedly used during the 17th century to refer to the land situated at the foot of the Hải Vân Pass.[5] Other names referring to Da Nang
Da Nang
include:[5]

Vũng Thùng, a colloquial name which survives in folklore.[nb 1] Trà Úc, Trà Áo, Trà Sơn and Đồng Long Loan, literary names used by Confucian scholars. In Sino-Vietnamese script, used until 1945, "Đà Nẵng" is written as 沱灢. Thái Phiên, a name used briefly after the 1945 August Revolution, commemorating Thái Phiên, the leader of popular revolts during the 1916 Duy Tân
Duy Tân
Resistance.

History[edit]

Da Nang
Da Nang
in the painting "Giao Chỉ quốc mậu dịch độ hải đồ (交趾国渡航図巻)" of Chaya Shinroku (茶屋新六) in the 17th century.

The city's origins date back to the ancient kingdom of Champa, established in 192 AD. At its peak, the Chams' sphere of influence stretched from Huế
Huế
to Vũng Tàu. The city of Indrapura, at the site of the modern village of Dong Duong in Quảng Nam Province
Quảng Nam Province
(about 50 km (31 mi) from Da Nang), was the capital of Champa
Champa
from about 875 to about 1000 AD. Also in the region of Da Nang
Da Nang
were the ancient Cham city of Singhapura ("City of the Lion"), the location of which has been identified with an archeological site in the modern village of Trà Kiệu, and the valley of Mỹ Sơn,[9] where a number of ruined temples and towers can still be viewed. In the latter half of the 10th century, the kings of Indrapura came into conflict with the Đại Việt, who were then based at Hoa Lư near modern Hanoi.[10] In 982, three ambassadors sent to Champa
Champa
by emperor Lê Hoàn
Lê Hoàn
of the Đại Việt
Đại Việt
(founder of the Early Lê Dynasty) were detained in Indrapura. Lê Hoàn
Lê Hoàn
decided to go on the offensive, sacking Indrapura and killing the Cham King Parameshvaravarman I. As a result of these setbacks, the Cham eventually abandoned Indrapura around 1000 AD.[11] The Đại Việt
Đại Việt
campaign against Champa
Champa
continued into the late 11th century, when the Cham were forced to cede their three northern provinces to the rulers of the Lý Dynasty. Soon afterwards, Vietnamese peasants began moving into the untilled former Cham lands, turning them into rice fields and moving relentlessly southward, delta by delta, along the narrow coastal plain. The southward expansion of Đại Việt
Đại Việt
(known as Nam Tiến) continued for several centuries, culminating in the annexation of most of the Cham territories by the end of the 15th century. Western contact[edit]

This section needs expansion with: information regarding the period 1890–1960. You can help by adding to it. (September 2012)

A map of Tourane (Da Nang), 1859.

One of the first Europeans to visit Da Nang
Da Nang
was Portuguese explorer António de Faria, who anchored in Da Nang
Da Nang
in 1535. Faria was one of the first Westerners to write about the area and, through his influence, Portuguese ships began to call regularly at Hội An, which was then a much more important port than Da Nang.[12] Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, French and Spanish traders and missionaries regularly made landfall at Hội An, just south of Đà Nẵng. An American, John White, arrived at Da Nang
Da Nang
(then called Turon) on 18 June 1819 in the brig Franklin of Salem, Massachusetts, and was advised that the country was recovering from devastating wars, and that what little produce there had already been promised. Other American ships arriving shortly after were the Marmion of Boston, and the Aurora and Beverly of Salem.[13][14] Conditions were such that they were unable to conduct trade, and the subsequent missions of British East India Company
East India Company
agent John Crawfurd in 1823[15] and the two missions of Andrew Jackson's agent, diplomatist Edmund Roberts, in 1833 and 1836 were unable to secure trade agreements.[13]:pp.19–40 Following the edict of Emperor Minh Mạng in 1835, prohibiting European vessels from making landfall or pursuing trade except at Hàn Port, Da Nang
Da Nang
quickly surpassed Hội An, becoming the largest commercial port in the central region.

French forces invading Da Nang
Da Nang
in 1858.

In 1847, French vessels dispatched by Admiral Cécille
Admiral Cécille
bombarded Đà Nẵng, ostensibly on the grounds of alleged persecution of Roman Catholic missionaries. In August 1858, once again ostensibly on the grounds of religious persecution, French troops, led by Admiral Charles Rigault de Genouilly, and under the orders of Napoleon III, landed in Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
as part of the punitive Cochinchina
Cochinchina
Campaign. The French overpowered the Vietnamese stationed in Da Nang, swiftly occupying the city and Tiên Sa peninsula (present-day Sơn Trà peninsula). The occupying forces were quickly placed under siege by the Vietnamese army under the command of Nguyễn Tri Phương, and were eventually forced to retreat in March 1860. The French were able to invade the southern stronghold of Saigon
Saigon
and, in June 1862, several provinces of southern Vietnam
Vietnam
were ceded to the French as Cochinchina with the signing of the Treaty of Saigon. Through two more decades of conflict, the French gradually strengthened their hold on Vietnam, culminating in the establishment of French Indochina
French Indochina
(French: Union de l'Indochine Française) in October 1887.[16] Two years later, in 1889, the French colonists renamed the city Tourane, placing it under the control of the Governor General of Indochina.[17] It came to be considered one of Indochina's five major cities, among Hanoi, Saigon–Cholon, Hải Phòng, and Huế. Republic of Vietnam[edit] During the Republic of Vietnam, the city was home to a major air base that was used by both the South Vietnamese and United States
United States
air forces in the War in Vietnam. The base was considered one of the world's busiest airports during the war,[18] reaching an average of 2,595 air traffic operations daily, more than any other airport in the world at that time.[19] The final U.S. ground combat operations in Vietnam
Vietnam
ceased on 13 August 1972, when a residual force of the 196th Light Infantry Brigade stood down in Đà Nẵng. B Battery 3rd Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery Regiment fired the final U.S. artillery round and the 3rd Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment finished their final patrols. This residual force was known as "Operation Gimlet". After the US-withdrawal from the conflict, in the final stage of the conquest of South Vietnam
Vietnam
by North Vietnam, Da Nang
Da Nang
fell to the communist forces March 29/30, 1975. Vietnam
Vietnam
issued two special postage stamps to commemorate this event, within its "total liberation" stamp set issued Dec. 14, 1976. Geography[edit] Da Nang
Da Nang
is the largest city in central Vietnam
Vietnam
and one of the country's most important ports. Ringed by mountains on one side and the South China Sea
South China Sea
on the other, Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
borders Thừa Thiên- Huế
Huế
Province across the Hải Vân Pass
Hải Vân Pass
to the north, Quảng Nam Province to the south and west, and the ocean to the east. It is 759 km (472 mi) south of Hanoi, and 960 km (600 mi) north of Ho Chi Minh City.[20] Geology and topography[edit] Geologically, Da Nang
Da Nang
is situated at the edge of a Paleozoic
Paleozoic
fold belt known as the Truong Son Orogenic Zone, whose main deformation occurred during the early Carboniferous
Carboniferous
period.[21] Da Nang's topography is dominated by the steep Annamite mountain range to the north and north-west, featuring peaks ranging from 700 to 1,500 metres (2,300 to 4,900 ft) in height, and low-lying coastal plains with some salting to the south and east, with several white sand beaches along the coast.[22] Climate[edit] Da Nang
Da Nang
has a tropical monsoon climate with two seasons: a typhoon & wet season lasting from September through March and a dry season lasting from April through August. Temperatures are typically high, with an annual average of 25.9 °C (78.6 °F). Temperatures are highest between June and August (with daily highs averaging 33 to 34 °C (91 to 93 °F)), and lowest between December and February (highs averaging 24 to 25 °C (75 to 77 °F)). The annual average for humidity is 81%, with highs between October and December (reaching 84%) and lows between June and July (reaching 76–77%).[23] On average, Da Nang
Da Nang
receives 2,505 mm (98.6 in) of rainfall. Rainfall is typically highest between October and November (ranging from 550 to 1,000 mm (22 to 39 in)) and lowest between January and April (ranging from 23 to 40 mm (0.91 to 1.57 in)). Da Nang
Da Nang
receives an average of 2156 hours of sunlight annually, with highs between 234 and 277 hours per month in May and June and lows between 69 and 165 hours per month in November and December.[24]

Climate data for Da Nang

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 32.8 (91) 36.8 (98.2) 37.2 (99) 41.1 (106) 39.4 (102.9) 40.0 (104) 38.3 (100.9) 39.0 (102.2) 37.8 (100) 36.1 (97) 35.0 (95) 32.8 (91) 41.1 (106)

Average high °C (°F) 24.8 (76.6) 26.1 (79) 28.7 (83.7) 31.0 (87.8) 33.4 (92.1) 33.9 (93) 34.3 (93.7) 33.9 (93) 31.5 (88.7) 29.6 (85.3) 27.0 (80.6) 24.9 (76.8) 29.9 (85.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) 21.7 (71.1) 23.0 (73.4) 25.1 (77.2) 27.2 (81) 29.2 (84.6) 29.7 (85.5) 29.8 (85.6) 29.7 (85.5) 27.8 (82) 26.4 (79.5) 24.3 (75.7) 22.1 (71.8) 26.3 (79.3)

Average low °C (°F) 18.5 (65.3) 19.8 (67.6) 21.5 (70.7) 23.3 (73.9) 24.9 (76.8) 25.5 (77.9) 25.3 (77.5) 25.5 (77.9) 24.1 (75.4) 23.2 (73.8) 21.6 (70.9) 19.3 (66.7) 22.7 (72.9)

Record low °C (°F) 8.9 (48) 7.8 (46) 11.1 (52) 7.8 (46) 18.9 (66) 20.0 (68) 17.8 (64) 21.4 (70.5) 20.9 (69.6) 12.2 (54) 7.2 (45) 11.1 (52) 7.2 (45)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 96.2 (3.787) 33.0 (1.299) 22.4 (0.882) 26.9 (1.059) 62.6 (2.465) 87.1 (3.429) 85.6 (3.37) 103.0 (4.055) 349.7 (13.768) 612.8 (24.126) 366.2 (14.417) 199.0 (7.835) 2,044.5 (80.492)

Average precipitation days 13.7 6.9 4.8 5.6 8.9 8.0 8.6 11.4 15.4 21.2 20.9 18.6 144.0

Average relative humidity (%) 83 83 83 82 79 76 75 77 81 84 84 84 81

Mean monthly sunshine hours 136.4 152.6 179.8 210.0 254.2 240.0 241.8 217.0 174.0 158.1 138.0 124.0 2,225.9

Mean daily sunshine hours 4.4 5.4 5.8 7.0 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.0 5.8 5.1 4.6 4.0 6.1

Source #1: World Meteorological Organisation
World Meteorological Organisation
(UN)[25]

Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst
Deutscher Wetterdienst
(extremes, humidity and sun)[23]

Natural disasters[edit]

Widespread flooding in Da Nang
Da Nang
in the wake of Typhoon Ketsana.

Da Nang
Da Nang
is susceptible to damage from typhoons that cross into the South China
China
Sea. In 2006, the landfall of Typhoon Xangsane
Typhoon Xangsane
near the city of Hue caused 26 deaths in Da Nang, damaging and destroying homes, downing trees and power lines and flooding major streets.[26][27] Authorities in Da Nang
Da Nang
estimated the damage caused by Xangsane at around US$200 million, with more than 5,000 houses washed away, 166,000 homes damaged and 19 boats sunk.[28] Three years later, Typhoon Ketsana
Typhoon Ketsana
made its landfall about 37 miles (60 km) south of Da Nang, again causing widespread flooding. Ketsana left eight people dead and 96 injured in Đà Nẵng, and caused an estimated VND 495 billion (US$25 million) in damage.[29][30] Shortly after the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, which triggered a powerful tsunami, the People's Committee of Da Nang
Da Nang
approved the installation of 10 early tsunami warning stations throughout the city, the first of their kind in Vietnam. Officials expected the stations would provide at least thirty minutes of warning in case of a tsunami. According to Le Huy Minh, Director of the Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Centre at the Vietnam
Vietnam
Institute of Geophysics, a powerful earthquake (≥8 MW) in the waters north of the Philippines
Philippines
could pose a significant danger to the Vietnamese coastline, particularly the area around Đà Nẵng.[31] Demographics[edit] Da Nang
Da Nang
is the fifth most populated city in Vietnam, with an area of 1,255.53 km² and a population of 951,700 as of 2011.[32] Women make up 50.7% of Da Nang's population.[33]

Population growth

Da Nang's population has been growing at rates of between 2.5% and 3% during most of the years between 2005 and 2011, significantly exceeding the national average of 1% to 1.2%.[32] The growth rate briefly rose to 3.6% in 2010 before returning to its long-term trend with 2.68% in 2011. This is the third fastest growth rate in the country after the two southern manufacturing centers Bình Dương Province (4.41%) and Đồng Nai Province
Đồng Nai Province
(3.5%).[32] Đà Nẵng's population is estimated to reach one million inhabitants by 2014.[1] Migration has been the dominant factor in the city's population growth at least since 2009, contributing 1.6% to 2.7% (2010) between 2009 and 2011.[32] Out-migration has been relatively high in 2011 at 0.79% compared to 0.34% and 0.55% in previous years, while the in-migration rate has been exceeding 2% since 2009 and was at 2.28% in 2011.[32] Đà Nẵng's natural population growth is only slightly higher than the national average. Its crude birth rate was recorded at 18 live births per 1000 persons. The crude death rate was measured at 6.7 per 1000 persons in 2011.[32] Life expectancy
Life expectancy
at birth was estimated at 77.4 years for women and 72.4 years for men, or 74.8 years overall in the 2009 population census. The infant mortality rate was measured at 9.9 infant deaths per 1000 live births,[32] less than two points above the nation's average for urban areas.

Urbanization

The city has the highest urbanization ratio among provinces and municipalities in Vietnam,[34] containing only 11 rural communes, the fewest of any province-level unit in Vietnam.[35] As of 2009, 86.9% of Đà Nẵng's population lived in urban areas; average annual urban population growth was 3.5%.[33] Politics[edit] The leading organ of the Communist Party in Da Nang
Da Nang
City is the Executive Committee of the Communist Party. The current Secretary is Nguyen Xuan Anh. The legislative branch of the city is the People's Council of Da Nang City. The current Chairman is Nguyen Xuan Anh. The executive branch of the city is the People's Committee of Da Nang City. The current Chairman is Huynh Duc Tho. Administrative divisions[edit] The city of Da Nang
Da Nang
is officially subdivided into 8 district-level sub-divisions, including six urban districts (Cam Le, Hải Châu, Liên Chiểu, Ngũ Hành Sơn, Sơn Trà, and Thanh Khê) and two rural districts (Hoa Vang and Hoàng Sa/Paracel Islands[36]). They are further subdivided into 1 commune-level town (or township), 14 communes, and 45 wards. Before 1997, the city was part of Quang Nam– Da Nang
Da Nang
Province. On 1 January 1997, Da Nang
Da Nang
was separated from Quang Nam Province to become one of five independent (centrally-controlled) municipalities in Vietnam.

District Subdivisions Area Population (2007)[37] Pop. density[37]

(km²) (mile²) (persons/km²) (persons/mile²)

Cam Le 6 wards 33.3 12.9 68,320 2,054.74 5,321.8

Hai Chau 13 wards 24.1 9.3 195,106 9,251.11 23,960.3

Hoa Vang 14 communes, 1 township 737.5 284.8 106,910 151.14 391.5

Lien Chieu 5 wards 83.1 32.1 95,088 1,144.54 2,964.3

Ngu Hanh Son 4 wards 36.5 14.1 54,066 1,476.41 3,823.9

Son Tra 7 wards 60.8 23.5 119,969 1,970.58 5,103.8

Thanh Khe 10 wards 9.3 3.6 167,287 18,046.06 46,739.1

Hoàng Sa — 305 118 0 0 0

Total 45 wards, 14 communes, 1 township 1,479.1 571.1 806,744 628.58 1,628.0

Economy[edit] Da Nang
Da Nang
is the leading industrial center of central Vietnam. Its GDP per capita was 19 million VND
VND
in 2007, one of the highest in Vietnam (after Hồ Chí Minh City, Hanoi, Binh Dương Province, and Đong Nai Province).[38] By 2009, this had increased to 27.3 million VND.[39] Da Nang
Da Nang
led the Provincial Competitiveness Index rankings in 2008, 2009, and 2010 (and was second after Bình Dương Province
Bình Dương Province
in the three years before that), benefiting mostly from good infrastructure, good performance in labour training, transparency, proactive provincial leadership and low entry costs.[40]

Exports million US$ (2007)[41] Imports million US$ (2007)[41]

Total 469.6 Total 522.1

Textiles 139.8 Machinery, equipment 237.2

Aquatic products 75.2 Materials for garments 77

Handicraft products 51.6 Iron, steel 41.6

Coffee 47.6 Medicaments 24.9

Footwear 17.7 Chemical fertilizer 22.5

Rice 8 Motorbikes 0.45

Exports increased to 575 million US$ in 2008, but fell back to 475 million US$ in 2009.[39] Agriculture, forestry, fishing[edit] Despite its status as a city, 37,800 people in Da Nang
Da Nang
were employed in agriculture, forestry and fishing as of 2007, producing 45,000t of rice and 41,000t of fish.[41] However, employment in these sectors had a clear negative trend in the first decade of the 21st century.[41] Gross output has also been decreasing during the second half of the decade.[39] Given Da Nang's lack of agricultural land (9200ha as of 2007) and its location at the coast, fishing has been contributing more to the economy than agriculture, with a gross output more than twice that of agriculture.[41] Industry[edit] Da Nang
Da Nang
is a diversified industrial center, including industries such as machinery, electrics, chemicals, shipbuilding, and textiles.[42] Specific industrial products include aquatic products, fabric, clothes, bricks, fertilizer, cement, soap, paper, and medical tablets.[41] The city's industry may diversify further. EADS
EADS
is planning to set up an industrial park focused on the aviation industry in Da Nang.[43] As of 2007, Da Nang
Da Nang
industry was dominated by the state sector, which made up 57% of gross output. This is about the same as its share in 2000.[41] Interestingly, over 80% of the state industry is centrally managed (in other words: belongs to state corporations headquartered in Hanoi).[41] Almost half of the rest is contributed by the foreign-invested sector, while the private domestic sector is still relatively small and has not been able to significantly increase its share compared to the state sector. Industry grew by an average 14.8% per year from 2000 to 2007, making it the main engine of economic growth. However, it has the second lowest industrial growth rate in the South Central Coast
South Central Coast
(behind only Khanh Hoa Province). Employment has grown at an average 5.75%, reaching 118,900 in 2007.[38] Trade[edit]

Inside Hàn Market.

Historically, Da Nang's main marketplace has been the Hàn Market (Vietnamese: Chợ Hàn), which is located downtown near the western bank of the Hàn River, between Tran Phu and Bach Dang streets. This market, much like Ben Thanh Market in Saigon, offers a wide variety of goods sold by many different vendors, such as clothing, silk, jewelry, flowers, foodstuffs such as dried fruit and fish, as well as coffee, tea and wine (including Vietnamese snake wine), etc.[citation needed] Property[edit] Many new construction projects are underway in Da Nang, including several beachfront resorts such as the US$130 million Hyatt Regency Danang Resort & Spa, and the Beach Resort complex (including Ocean Villas and Marriott Hotel) in Ngu Hanh Son.[44] Another ambitious project, the US$250 million Da Phuoc International New Town aims to construct an entirely new urban area on reclaimed land on the city's north sea coast, making it the first major land reclamation project in Central Vietnam. Plans for the Đa Phước project include the erection of a hotel and several smaller resorts, a 33-story apartment block and 60-story office block, an 18-hole golf course, a marina, as well as villas and international schools.[45][46] Culture[edit] Tourism[edit] See also: Hội An
Hội An
and Mỹ Sơn

A gateway leading to Huyen Khong Cave in the Marble Mountains.

A cable car in the Bà Nà Mountains.

The Dragon bridge.

The tourism sector is a vital component of Da Nang's economy. Its status as a transportation hub for central Vietnam
Vietnam
and its proximity to several UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Sites, including the Imperial City of Hue, the Old Town of Hoi An, and the My Son ruins fuels much of its tourist activity. Mỹ Sơn
Mỹ Sơn
is an archaeological site dating back more than a thousand years, in Quang Nam. Located in a remote forested valley some 70 km west of Da Nang, this former capital and religious center of the Champa
Champa
kingdom once contained in excess of 70 style temples and stupas. Although badly damaged by bombing raids in the 1960s, the site still has more than 20 structures and was declared a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site in 1999. Many statues, sculptures and reliefs recovered from Mỹ Sơn
Mỹ Sơn
are kept in the Museum of Cham Sculpture, near the Hàn River in the heart of Da Nang. Dating from the fourth to the 14th centuries, the sensual artwork on these works depicts daily activities as well as Hindu and Buddhist religious themes. The Marble Mountains are rocky limestone outcrops jutting out of the beach just south of Da Nang. Paths lead to the top of the forested cliffs, providing views of Non Nuoc Beach and the South China
China
Sea. The caves in the cliffs were originally inhabited by the Cham people. Later, the Nguyen Dynasty built numerous pagodas among the caves. The Marble Mountains are home to various artisans producing sculpture and artwork at its base at Non Nuoc Village. Non Nuoc Beach is a white sandy beach on the outskirts of Đà Nẵng is renowned for both its history as an R&R destination for American troops during the Vietnam
Vietnam
War. Today, the beach, along with My Khê beach to the north, are home to expensive resorts, surfing and entertainment facilities. Ba Na Hills is a mountain resort with a 5 km-long cable car system which carries guests up to Ba Na's peak at 1487m above sea level. Son Tra Mountain, just some miles away from the city centre with some wild streams and resorts along the seaside.[citation needed] The central coastal city of Da Nang
Da Nang
saw a significant growth in international tourist arrivals in 2017, according to the city’s Department of Tourism. In 2017, about 6.6 million visitors came to Da Nang, up 19% over the previous year and 4.8% higher than its yearly target. The figure included 4.3 million domestic tourists, up 11.3% year-on-year. The central city earned over VND19.4 trillion (US$853.96 million) in revenue, an increase of 20.6% from 2016. Statistics also show that the city witnessed an impressive increase in the number of visitors by air which stood at over 1.58 million, up 74.4% while by-car visitors via Thailand and Laos
Laos
was estimated at 14,120. [47] Cuisine[edit] Central Vietnamese cuisine, particularly the cuisine of Da Nang, is well-known through Vietnam, and growing in popularity internationally. Da Nang
Da Nang
is famous for its flavorful dishes, such as Mì Quảng, Bún chả cá (fish ball noodle soup), Bún mắm, Cánh gà chiên mắm (fried chicken wings in fish sauce), and Mít trộn (a salad mixed with jackfruit and pork rinds).[48] Sport[edit] Da Nang's football club, SHB Da Nang
Da Nang
F.C., play in the V-League, Vietnam's top professional football league. They are currently one of the most highly ranked teams in that league, having emerged from competition as champions of the 2009 V-League. In the same year, they also completed the double by winning the Vietnamese Cup. They also qualified for the 2010 AFC Champions League
2010 AFC Champions League
and the 2010 AFC Cup; although they did not advance past the qualifying play-off in the Champions League,[49] they advanced to the quarter-finals of the AFC Cup after defeating Becamex Bình Dương in extra time.[50] Several Da Nang
Da Nang
F.C. players also play for the Vietnam
Vietnam
national team, including defender Võ Hoàng Quảng and midfielder Phan Thanh Hưng. SHB Da Nang
Da Nang
F.C. play their home games at the Chi Lăng Stadium, a 30,000-seat stadium in Hải Châu District. Education[edit]

A sign at the University of Đà Nẵng's main campus, on Le Duan Street.

There are several universities located in Da Nang, with campuses in many locations throughout the city, as well as satellite campuses in surrounding regions.

University of Da Nang, with a number of member colleges:

Technology Technology and Education Economics Pedagogy Foreign Languages Information Technology Kon Tum
Kon Tum
campus English Language Institute[51]

Da Nang
Da Nang
University of Medical Technology,[52] Medicine and Pharmacy Da Nang
Da Nang
University of Sport Duy Tan University, private university Dong A University,[53] private university Da Nang
Da Nang
University of Architecture The American University of Vietnam
Vietnam
(AUV), private university

The city has 17 high schools, of which Le Quy Don High School for the Gifted is among the leading high schools in Vietnam. There is also a sizable presence of overseas education representatives in Da Nang. Campus France,[54] is a French-government agency in Da Nang city which promotes the learning of the French language, and supports students in the city and the surrounding province in the location of study opportunities in the higher education system in France. The consultation service provided by CampusFrance is free of charge. English Language Institute[51] is a learning center built by the University of Queensland, Australia, targeting English teaching in addition to serving as a IELTS testing provider. Singapore International School is an international school in Da Nang. Infrastructure[edit] Health[edit] Da Nang
Da Nang
has a number of hospitals, including:

Da Nang
Da Nang
Hospital C Hospital Da Nang
Da Nang
Oncology Hospital Da Nang Hospital for Women and Children. Da Nang Hospital for Traumatology and Orthopaedics. Women's Hospital Dermatology and Venereology Traditional Medicine

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is also known as "Da Nang lung" as many cases occurring during the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
were treated at a medical centre in Da Nang.[55] Transportation[edit]

A Vietnam
Vietnam
Airlines jet is boarded in front of the new terminal of Da Nang International Airport

Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
is on the end of the East–West Economic Corridor
East–West Economic Corridor
(EWEC) which stretches over Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Burma (Myanmar). By air[edit] Main article: Da Nang
Da Nang
International Airport

Da Nang
Da Nang
International Airport.

Da Nang
Da Nang
International Airport, located at the center of the city, is the third largest international airport in Vietnam. It is an important gateway to access central Vietnam. The airport was known as Da Nang Air Base during the Vietnam
Vietnam
War, during which time it was described as the world's busiest airport.[18] During the month of May 1968, the base reached an average of 2,595 air traffic operations daily, more than any airport in the world.[19] As of June 2011, the airport has domestic connections to Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong, Vinh, Buon Ma Thuot, Da Lat, Nha Trang, and Pleiku, as well as international connections to Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(China), Siem Reap
Siem Reap
(Cambodia), Singapore, and Taipei
Taipei
(Taiwan). Beginning 16 December 2011, Air Asia, a Malaysian low-cost carrier, began offering four flights a week between Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
and Kuala Lumpur. A new international terminal opened in December 2011[56] allowing further connections to destinations such as Phnom Penh (Cambodia), Thailand, Hong Kong, Japan, and South Korea.[57] As of November 2015, Da Nang
Da Nang
International airport has been undergoing extensive renovations. By land[edit]

The Hải Vân Pass

See also: Hải Vân Pass
Hải Vân Pass
and Hải Vân Tunnel

Hai Van Tunnel North Entrance

Da Nang
Da Nang
is a major station along the North–South Railway, also known as the Reunification Express. National Highways 1A and 14B run through the city, providing road connections to Hanoi
Hanoi
in the north and Ho Chi Minh City in the south, as well as the Central Highlands and Laos
Laos
to the west. The Hai Pass is a mountain pass separating Da Nang
Da Nang
and Thừa Thiên– Huế
Huế
Province, where Highway 1A road passes through. To cut down on transit time and the danger to motorists from navigating the twisting mountain road, the Hải Vân Tunnel
Hải Vân Tunnel
was built, opening in 2005. It is the longest tunnel in south-east Asia at 6.28 km, and allows motorists to save between 30 minutes and an hour on traveling times over the old Hải Vân Pass
Hải Vân Pass
route. An expressway between Da Nang
Da Nang
and nearby Quang Ngai is also in the planning stages.[citation needed] Several bridges cross the Han River and its tributaries in Da Nang, including the iconic Han River Bridge, Tran Thi Ly Bridge, Nguyen Van Troi Bridge, Tuyen Son Bridge and the recently completed Thuan Phuoc Bridge, which is the longest suspension bridge in Vietnam.[58] The Dragon River Bridge
Dragon River Bridge
will cross the Han River at the Le Dinh Duong/Bach Dang roundabout, offering tourists coming from Đà Nẵng International Airport a more direct route to My Khe and Non Nuoc beaches, along the city's eastern edge. By sea[edit]

The Legend of the Seas calls at Da Nang Port in February 2009.

Main article: Da Nang
Da Nang
Port Da Nang's port system is the third largest in Vietnam
Vietnam
after Ho Chi Minh City and Hải Phòng. In 2008, Da Nang's port handled 2.7 million tons of cargo, of which 1.2 million tons were exports, 525,900 tons were imports, and 985,600 tons were domestic cargo. Over 29,600 passengers passed through the port in 2008, a significant increase over previous years.[59] The port system consists of two areas: Tiên Sa Seaport, and Song Hàn Terminal. Tien Sa Seaport has a navigation depth of 11m, and is able to receive medium range tankers of up to 45,000 DWT, as well as container ships and large cruise ships. The approach to Song Hàn Terminal is 12 nautical miles (22 km) long with a navigation depth of 6-7m, and can accommodate vessels of up to 5,000 DWT. Vietnam
Vietnam
National Shipping Lines (Vinalines) is the port authority for Đà Nẵng's port system.[59] Despite the fact that the port's infrastructure is not specifically designed to accommodate cruise ships, the number of large cruise ships docking at Da Nang Port
Da Nang Port
has increased in recent years.[60] In the first two months of 2010 alone, 12 cruise ships docked in Da Nang, carrying 6,477 passengers.[61] Sister cities[edit]

Semarang, Indonesia[62] Kawasaki, Japan[63] Iwaki, Japan[63] Shizuoka, Japan[63] Kagoshima, Japan[63] Okinawa, Japan[63] Shandong, China[63] Jiangsu, China[63] Qingdao, China[63] Macau, China[63] Kaohsiung, Taiwan[63] Hai Phong, Vietnam[63] Oakland, California, United States[63] San Francisco, California, United States[63] Tacoma, Washington, United States[63] Jersey City, New Jersey, United States[63] Pittsburgh, United States[63] Timișoara, Romania[64] Newcastle, Australia[63] İzmir, Turkey[63] Yaroslavl, Russia[65] Toluca, Mexico[66]

See also[edit]

Vietnam
Vietnam
portal

Notes and references[edit]

Notes

^ "Hearing the sudden gunfire, we know that the Western ships anchored at Vung Thung yesterday" ("Tai nghe súng nổ cái đùng, Tàu Tây đã lại Vũng Thùng hôm qua"). "Name of Danang through periods of time". Da Nang
Da Nang
People's Committee. 3 January 2004. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 

References

^ a b Statistical Handbook of Vietnam
Vietnam
2014 Archived July 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., General Statistics Office Of Vietnam ^ Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs (27 May 2010). "Background Note: Vietnam". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2010-06-21.  ^ Quyết định số 145/2003/QĐ/TTg ngày 15/7/2003 ^ " Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
- Trung tâm vùng kinh tế trọng điểm miền Trung" ^ a b c "Names of Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
through periods of time". Danang People's Committee. 3 January 2004. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2011.  ^ Bùi Minh Quốc. Hỏi đáp về Quảng Nam-Đà Nẵng (Questions and Answers about Quảng Nam-Đà Nẵng).  ^ Báo Đà Nẵng ^ Footprint Vietnam. Footprint Travel Guides. 2008. p. 202. ISBN 1-906098-13-1. Retrieved 19 March 2011.  ^ "KINGDOM OF CHAMPA".  ^ Lê Thành Khôi, Histoire du Vietnam, p.122, 141. ^ Ngô Vǎn Doanh, Champa, p.34; Ngô Vǎn Doanh, Mỹ Sơn
Mỹ Sơn
Relics, p.75-76. ^ History of Hội An, a World Heritage Site ^ a b Miller, Robert Hopkins (1990). "The Franklin and Captain White". The United States
United States
and Vietnam, 1787-1941. Washington, D.C.: National Defense University Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-7881-0810-5. OCLC 90013317. Retrieved June 23, 2012.  ^ Trow, Charles Edward (1905), "Chapter XXII", The old shipmasters of Salem, New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, pp. 251–266, OCLC 4669778, Captain White's Journal . ^ Nicholas Tarling (editor), The Cambridge History of south-east Asia: Vol. 2, The nineteenth and twentieth centuries (1992), p. 42; Google Books. ^ Peter N. Stearns, ed. (2001). The encyclopedia of world history: ancient, medieval, and modern, chronologically arranged. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 575. ISBN 0-395-65237-5.  ^ "Danang History". Danang People's Committee. 2004-01-03. Retrieved 2010-07-09.  ^ a b John Edmund Delezen (2003). Eye of the tiger: memoir of a United States marine, Third Force Recon Company, Vietnam. McFarland. p. 54. ISBN 0-7864-1656-4. Retrieved 14 July 2010.  ^ a b AACS - Air Communication. Turner Publishing. 2004. ISBN 1-56311-976-5.  ^ Danang People's Committee website ^ Eldridge M. Moores; Rhodes Whitmore Fairbridge (1997). Encyclopedia of European and Asian regional geology. Encyclopedia of earth sciences. Chapman & Hall encyclopedia of earth sciences. 19. Springer. p. 778. ISBN 0-412-74040-0. Retrieved 9 August 2010.  ^ Danang People's Committee website ^ a b "Klimatafel von Dà Nang (Tourane) / Vietnam" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 23 January 2016.  ^ Danang People's Committee website ^ "World Weather Information Service - Đà Nẵng".  ^ "Typhoon, flood claim 71 lives in central Vietnam". ReliefWeb. Xinhua News Agency. 6 October 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2006.  ^ "Typhoon Xangsane, flood toll reaches 169". ReliefWeb. Reuters. 5 October 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2006.  ^ "Toll rises from Vietnam
Vietnam
typhoon". BBC. 2 October 2006. ^ " Typhoon Ketsana
Typhoon Ketsana
slams into Vietnam". CNN. 29 September 2009. Retrieved 29 September 2009.  ^ 200 tonnes of rice for Đà Nẵng's Ketsana victims. Đà Nẵng People's Committee. 10 June 2009. ^ " Vietnam
Vietnam
on high alert for earthquakes, tsunamis". 13 March 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2011.  ^ a b c d e f g General Statistics Office (2012): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam
Vietnam
2011. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi ^ a b The 2009 Vietnam
Vietnam
Population and Housing census: General Statistics Office of Vietnam ^ " Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
- Trung tâm vùng kinh tế trọng điểm miền Trung" (in Vietnamese) ^ The data of local administrative subdivisions till 31/12/2008 by Vietnam
Vietnam
Statistics General Office Archived 2010-02-01 at the Wayback Machine.. ^ The Paracel Islands
Paracel Islands
are not currently administered by Da Nang
Da Nang
city officials; see South China Sea
South China Sea
dispute for more details. ^ a b Danang population. Danang People's Committee. ^ a b calculations based on General Statistics Office (2009): Socio-economical Statistical Data of 63 Provinces and Cities. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi ^ a b c Bình Định Statistics Office (2010): Bình Định Statistical Yearbook 2009. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi ^ Vietnam
Vietnam
Provincial Competitiveness Index 2009 ^ a b c d e f g h General Statistics Office (2009): Socio-economic Statistical Data of 63 Provinces and Cities, Vietnam. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi ^ Atlat Dia li Viet Nam (Geographical Atlas of Vietnam). NXB Giao Duc, Hanoi: 2010 ^ "Dự án công nghiệp hàng không Đà Nẵng". BBC Vietnamese. 10 June 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2011.  ^ "Đà Nẵng: Coastal real estate market bustling" ^ US$250-million for Daphuoc International New Town Project in Đà Nẵng City ^ "Daewon breaks ground for first urban area on reclaimed land" ^ http://vietnamtourism.gov.vn/english/index.php/items/12422 ^ Le, Helen. "Recipes". Da Nang
Da Nang
Cuisine. Retrieved 18 September 2015.  ^ "AFC Champions League 2010: Schedule & Results". Asian Football Confederation. Retrieved 20 June 2010.  ^ "Ðà Nẵng 4-3 Bình Dương". Asian Football Confederation. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 20 June 2010.  ^ a b "English Language Institute, Da Nang".  ^ "Medical School Website".  ^ "Dong A University Website".  ^ "Contact CampusFrance Da Nang".  ^ Altman, Lawrence K. (9 April 1985). "Deadly Lung Ailment Has Battlefield Origins". The New York Times.  ^ "New terminal opens in Da Nang". Viet Nam News. Retrieved 18 December 2011.  ^ "Malaysian low cost carrier opens new international terminal in December 2011" ^ "Vietnam's longest suspension bridge inaugurated". Danang Investment Promotion Center. 23 July 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.  ^ a b World Port Source: Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
port ^ Hai Chau (2007-01-31). "Đà Nẵng: more tourists, more worries". VietnamNet. Archived from the original on 2008-03-28.  ^ "Seabourn Odyssey Cruise Ship brings 352 visitors to Danang". Danang.gov.vn. 19 March 2010. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2010.  ^ Marzuki: Hubungan Indonesia- Vietnam
Vietnam
Harus Ditingkatkan - Yahoo! News Indonesia ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Overseas Relations: Sister cities and prefectures of Danang City". Danang People's Committee. 2004-01-03. Retrieved 2012-10-11.  ^ Welcome Timisoara’s delegation ^ Russian and Vietnamesee partnership ^ Toluca
Toluca
y ciudad vietnamita Da Nang
Da Nang
firman acuerdo de hermandad

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Da Nang.

Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
government portal

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Da Nang.

Places adjacent to Da Nang

Thừa Thiên– Huế
Huế
Province

Đà Nẵng

South China Sea
South China Sea
/ Dasol, Philippines

Quảng Nam Province

v t e

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District level subdivisions Commune level subdivisions List of cities

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Vietnam

Centrally-controlled municipalities

Special-class

Hanoi Ho Chi Minh

1st-class

Cần Thơ Da Nang Hai Phong

Provincial cities

1st-class

Biên Hòa Buôn Ma Thuột Da Lat Hạ Long Huế My Tho Nam Định Nha Trang Qui Nhơn Thái Nguyên Thanh Hóa Việt Trì Vinh Vũng Tàu

2nd-class

Bà Rịa Bạc Liêu Bắc Giang Bắc Ninh Cà Mau Cẩm Phả Châu Đốc Đồng Hới Hải Dương Lào Cai Long Xuyên Ninh Bình Phan Rang-Tháp Chàm Phan Thiết Pleiku Quảng Ngãi Rạch Giá Tam Kỳ Thái Bình Thủ Dầu Một Trà Vinh Tuy Hòa Uông Bí Vĩnh Yên

3rd-class

Bắc Cạn Bảo Lộc Bến Tre Cam Ranh Cao Bằng Cao Lãnh Điện Biên Phủ Đông Hà Đồng Hới Hà Giang Hà Tĩnh Hòa Bình Hội An Hưng Yên Kon Tum Lạng Sơn Móng Cái Phủ Lý Sóc Trăng Sơn La Tân An Tuyên Quang Vị Thanh Vĩnh Long Yên Bái

v t e

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South Central Coast
(Nam Trung Bộ), Vietnam

Da Nang

Cẩm Lệ Hải Châu Hòa Vang Hoàng Sa
Hoàng Sa
(Paracel Islands, disputed) Liên Chiểu Ngu Hanh Son Sơn Trà Thanh Khê

Quảng Nam Province

Tam Kỳ Hội An Bắc Trà My Duy Xuyên Đại Lộc Điện Bàn Đông Giang Hiệp Đức Nam Giang Nam Trà My Nông Sơn Núi Thành Phú Ninh Phước Sơn Quế Sơn Tây Giang Thăng Bình Tiên Phước

Quảng Ngãi
Quảng Ngãi
Province

Quảng Ngãi Ba Tơ Bình Sơn Đức Phổ Minh Long Mộ Đức Nghĩa Hành Sơn Hà Sơn Tây Sơn Tịnh Tây Trà Trà Bồng Tư Nghĩa Lý Sơn

Bình Định Province

Qui Nhơn An Lão An Nhơn Hoài Ân Hoài Nhơn Phù Cát Phù Mỹ Tuy Phước Tây Sơn Vân Canh Vĩnh Thạnh

Phú Yên Province

Tuy Hòa Đồng Xuân Sông Cầu Sơn Hòa Phú Hòa Tây Hòa Đông Hòa Sông Hinh

Khánh Hòa Province

Nha Trang Cam Ranh Khánh Sơn Khánh Vĩnh Cam Lâm Diên Khánh Ninh Hòa Trường Sa (Spratly Islands, disputed) Vạn Ninh

Coordinates: 16°04′N 108°14′E / 16.067°N 108.233°E / 16.067; 108.233

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 127907242 GND: 4223257-0 BNF:

.