HOME
The Info List - Da'i Al-Mutlaq


--- Advertisement ---



The term Dā'ī al-Mutlaq or ad- Da'i ul-Mutlaq (Arabic: الداعي المطلق or داعي المطلق‎) literally means "the absolute or unrestricted missionary" pl. Du'aat-دعاۃ. In the Fatimid
Fatimid
era Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
faith, the term dā'ī has been used to refer to important religious leaders other than the hereditary Imāms working under their commands known as ad- Da'i al-Bilaagh (Arabic: الداعي البلاغ), and the Da'wah or "Mission" is a spiritually guided clerical-style organisation. "The Da'wah" was a term for the Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
faith itself from early on. They are also called Dā'ī Syednas.

The Purity of Ahl ul Bayt and their Du'aat

Contents

1 History

1.1 Tradition of Nass governing the Appointment of Da'i 1.2 Da'i al-Mutlaq governing the two Important Ranks: Mazoon and Mukaasir 1.3 Dawoodi Bohras 1.4 Alavi Bohras

2 See also 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] According to Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
Musta'alavī Tayyabī tradition, before the 21st Fatimid
Fatimid
Musta'alavi Imam, Taiyab abi al-Qasim went into state of occultation from Cairo in 528 AH/1134 AD, his father, the 20th Imām al-Amīr had instructed Queen Arwa al-Sulayhi/ Al-Hurra Al-Malika
Al-Hurra Al-Malika
in Yemen
Yemen
to anoint a vicegerent after the occultation - the Dāʻī al-Mutlaq, who as the Imām's vicegerent, has full authority to govern the community in all matters both spiritual and temporal.[1] It is the spiritual rank in Isma'ili Da'wah which became more explicit and operational after the seclusion of 21st Imam. After Prophet Mohammad this rank is on the 6th position and after this comes Mazoon-مأذون and Mukaasir-مکاسر who are in turn appointed by the Dā'ī al-Mutlaq. Before the seclusion, the Da’i or a missionary works under the direct orders of Imaam and his trusted associates in all the 12 islands-جزائر where faithful were present and living openly propounding their faith or secretly due to the fear of their lives. During the Imam's occultation, the Dā'ī al-Mutlaq is appointed by his predecessor in office. Da’i was given Itlaaq-إطلاق[2] or a free conduct and absolute religious and social authority but under the governing principles of Isma’ili Taiyebi Faith. His command is regarded as a final decree guided by the divine support of Imam
Imam
and this is the reason he is called Da’i al-Mutlaq. Unlike the case of Imam, where he appoints his successor only from his sons through divinely guided practice called Nass-نص, the Da’i can appoint anyone in his place who is most trusted, pious and capable of carrying Da’wah affairs with wisdom and proficiency. The first Da'i al-Mutlaq of the Taiyabi Ismaili
Ismaili
sects was Syedna Zoeb bin Moosa.[3] The Dā'ī al-Mutlaq is recognised in English law
English law
as a corporation sole, by a private act of Parliament passed in 1993.[4] Tradition of Nass governing the Appointment of Da'i[edit] Nass-نص is a declaration and designation through Divine Indication and Spiritual Intervention-تأئید إلھي for the appointment of a successor-منصوص, be it an Imam
Imam
or his deputy-داعي during Imam’s concealment by his predecessor-ناص amongst his subjects, publicly-نص جلي or privately-نص خفي and at times supported by written documentary orders-سجل شریف. This tradition and practice-سنۃ اللہ is related to the Isma’ili Taiyebi succession to the seat of Imaamat,[5] whereby each Imam
Imam
under hidden heavenly commands designates his successor, when he witnesses the Light of Imaamat-نور الإمامۃ has got transferred to one of his sons whom he selects for Nass. During the seclusion of Imam, his deputy-Da’i performs this act of succession whom he finds eligible for the status of Da’i. He might not be from his sons, unlike the succession of Imam
Imam
where an Imam
Imam
always appoints his successor from one of his sons. The appointment according to Shi'a faith and sources is when Mohammad appointed his son-in-law, cousin and his heir ' Ali
Ali
bin Abi Taalib as his Vicegerent, legatee and Wali[6] of the Faithful. This Prophetic tradition is followed throughout the centuries be it the appointment of Imam
Imam
or Da'i and as per Isma'ili-Taiyebi principles it is the belief that no Imam
Imam
or Da'i dies without the appointment of his successor and this will continue till the Last Day of this World. Da'i al-Mutlaq governing the two Important Ranks: Mazoon and Mukaasir[edit]

المأذون المطلق - al-Mazoon al-Mutlaq, Mazoon e Mutlaq: The Licentiate, Authoritative Rank, the most trusted associate in Da’wah ranks who takes Bay’at-Pledge of Loyalty from his subjects by the orders of Da’i al-Mutlaq. He is on a Spiritual Rank in the Isma’ili Taiyebi Da’wah hierarchy immediately below the authority of Da’i who sits in his right side and who carries out the religious activities as per the regulations of Da’wah organization. At any cost he always assists and obeys his superior and his Master, the Da’i al-Mutlaq. His prime responsibility is to conduct teaching sessions and make them understand the basic things of Isma’ili Taiyebi faith. In the absence of Da’i he acts as his legatee. Da’i may appoint his Mazoon as his successor. And if not Da’i can appoint someone more learned and efficient for the post of Da’i after him and can never disqualifies Mazoon from his post. As the respectable post of Mazoon is necessary for the completeness of Spiritual Hierarchy. المکاسر المطلق - al-Mukaasir al-Mutlaq, Mukaasir e Mutlaq - The Eight and the last rank in the Spiritual Hierarchy of the Isma’ili Taiyebism. He sits left to the Da’i al-Mutlaq during the religious gathering-Majlis. He is lower to the rank of Mazoon. He is well versed and well informed about the baseless beliefs of other sects for which he thinks as a threat to the faith of believers. His responsibility is to train the beginner - مستجیب مؤمن and win over the neophyte who is little aware of the overall understanding of Islamic Faith and by proper grooming he enters him into the fold of Isma’ilism by taking Oath of Fealty in the name of the present Da’i al-Mutlaq. He is quite expert in putting Rational and Logical arguments with necessary ideological and doctrinal proofs and healthy debates.

Dawoodi Bohras[edit] The Dawoodi Bohra
Dawoodi Bohra
follow a sort of Shia Islam
Shia Islam
as propagated by the Fatimid
Fatimid
Imamate in medieval Egypt. They pray 3 times a day joining both afternoon prayers Zuhr and Asr and both evening prayers Maghreb and Isha, fast in the month of Ramadan, perform Haj
Haj
and Umrahand give Zakat. Within the Dawoodi Bohra
Dawoodi Bohra
sect, there was a dispute on who is the rightful successor to the 52nd Da'i al Mutlaq, Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin. Two people have staked claims to be appointed 53rd Da'i al-Mutlaq, being Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin’s half-brother, Khuzaima Qutbuddin
Khuzaima Qutbuddin
and Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin’s second son, Mufaddal Saifuddin. Khuzaima Qutbuddin
Khuzaima Qutbuddin
died on 30 March 2016. On 31 March 2016 the family of Khuzaima Qutbuddin
Khuzaima Qutbuddin
released a statement that Khuzaima Qutbuddin
Khuzaima Qutbuddin
had conferred nass (announcement of successor) on his son Taher Fakhruddin.[7] On 7 March 2017, Justice Gautam Patel allowed Taher Fakhruddin's plea to be substituted as plaintiff in this suit, stating that although Taher Fakhruddin
Taher Fakhruddin
was free to file a separate suit, including him in the current suit would save judicial time, money and valuable amounts of paper. The matter was set for direction on 25 April 2017. Till date there is no further hearing and its believed Taher Fakhruddin
Taher Fakhruddin
has put the case. Dr. Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin, now widely recognized as the community's 53rd Dai al-Mutlaq, has continued his predecessor's social control programs. Alavi Bohras[edit]

Part of a series on Shīa Islam Isma‘ilism

Concepts

Qur'an Ẓāhir Bātin Nūr Pīr Ginans 'Aql ʿIlm Hujja Dā'ī Dawah Taqiya Numerology Panentheism Reincarnation

Seven Pillars

Love of Mohammad and Ahl_al-Bayt Purity Prayer Charity Fasting Pilgrimage StrivingStruggle

Mustā‘lī & Nizari
Nizari
History

Shuʿayb Nabi Shu'ayb Seveners Qarmatians Abū Saʿīd al-Jannābī Abū Tāhir al-Jannābī Fatimid
Fatimid
Caliphate Nizari
Nizari
Ismaili
Ismaili
state Baghdad Manifesto Qāżi Noʿmān Nasir Khusraw al-Sulayhi Zoeb bin Moosa Nizari Mustā‘lī Hafizi Batiniyya Hassan-i Sabbah Assassins Alamut Lambsar Castle Alamut
Alamut
Castle Masyaf Castle Rashid ad-Din Sinan Satpanth Pir Sadardin Böszörmény Aga Khan Jama'at Khana Du'a

Early Imāms

Ali Hasan Husayn as-Sajjad al-Baqir Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq Ismāʿīl ibn Jaʿfar al-Mubārak Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl ash-Shākir ʿAbadu l-Lāh (al-Wāfī Ahmad) Ahmad (al-Taqī Muhammad) Ḥusayn (ar-Raḍī ʿAbdillāh) ʿAbdu l-Lāh al-Mahdī bi l-Lāh al-Qāʾim al-Manṣūr al-Muʿizz al-ʿAzīz al-Ḥākim al-Ẓāhir al-Mustanṣir bi l-Lāh Nizār al-Muṣṭafā li-Dīn’il-Lāh / Aḥmadu l-Mustāʿlī bi l-Lāh Manṣūr al-Āmir bi-Aḥkām’il-Lāh Abu l-Qāsim al-Tayyib

Nizari
Nizari
Ismaili
Ismaili
& Taiyabi Da'is 

Nizārī Ismā'īlī Aga Khan
Aga Khan
IV

Taiyabi-Musta’li Ismailis

Dawoodi Bohra Mufaddal Saifuddin

Sulaymani Al-Fakhri Abdullah

Alavi Bohra Haatim Zakiyuddin

Islam portal

v t e

This title is also used in the Alavi Bohra
Alavi Bohra
community to refer to their leader (in the Persian form "Da'i-e-Mutlaq") for similar reasons. At present Saiyedna Haatim Zakiyuddin
Haatim Zakiyuddin
is the 45th Da’i al-Mutlaq of Alavi Bohras
Alavi Bohras
in the line of succession of these Da’is in which 24 are in Yemen, 7 are in Ahmedabad, 1 is in Surat and 12 are in Vadodara. The 44th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Abu Haatim Taiyeb Ziyauddin (d. 05-08-1436 AH/23-05-2015) appointed his eldest son Haatim Zakiyuddin as his successor. See also[edit]

List of Dai of Dawoodi Bohra Alavi Bohras

References[edit]

^ "The Dawoodi Bohras - The Dal Al Mutlaq". thedawoodibohras.com. Retrieved 2016-07-27.  ^ 'Aqeedat ul-Muwahhedeen wa Muzehato Maraatib Ahl id-Deen: 8th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Husain bin Saiyedna Ali
Ali
bin Mohammad al-Waleed (d. 667 AH/1269 AD) ^ "The Dawoodi Bohras - The Dal Al Mutlaq". thedawoodibohras.com. Retrieved 2016-07-27.  ^ Dawat-e-Hadiyah Act 1993 (c. x) at Legislation.gov.uk ^ Tohfat ul-Quloob wa Farjat ul-Makroob: 3rd Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Haatim Mohiyuddin (d. 596 AH/1199 AD) ^ Taaj ul-‘Aqaa’id wa Ma’dan ul-Fawaa’id: 5th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Ali
Ali
bin Mohammad al-Waleed (d. 612 AH/1215 AD) ^ "Syedna's death won't affect succession row in High Court". The Asian Age. 

External links[edit]

Dawoodi Bohra
Dawoodi Bohra
Da'i al-Mutlaq, Mazoon, and Mukasir Community Website of Alavi Bohras

v t e

Da'i al-Mutlaq of Dawoodi Bohra

Zoeb bin Moosa Ibrahim bin Husain Hatim Mohiyuddin Ali
Ali
Bin Syedna Hatim Ali
Ali
Bin Syedna Mohammed Bin Waleed Ali
Ali
Bin Hanzala Ahmed ibn Mubarak Dai Husain Bin Ali Ali
Ali
Bin Husain Ali
Ali
Bin Husain Ibrahim Bin Husain Mohammed Bin Sayedi Hatim Ali
Ali
Shamshuddin Abdul Muttalib Abbas Bin Mohammad Abdullah Fakhruddin Hasan Badruddin (17th Dai) Ali
Ali
Shamshuddin Bin Abdullah Idris Imaduddin 19th Dai Hasan Badruddin (20th Dai) Husain Husamuddin Ali
Ali
Shamshuddin II Mohammed Ezzuddin
Mohammed Ezzuddin
I Yusuf Najmuddin
Yusuf Najmuddin
I (24th Dai) Jalal Shamshuddin bin Hasan Dawood Bin Ajabshah Dawood Bin Qutubshah Sheikh Aadam Safiuddin Abduttayyeb Zakiuddin Ali
Ali
Shamshuddin Bin Moulai Hasan Kasim Khan Zainuddin Qutubuddin Shaheed Feer Khan Shujauddin Ismail Badruddin I Abduttayyeb Zakiuddin
Abduttayyeb Zakiuddin
II (35th Dai) Musa Kalimuddin Noor Mohammad Nooruddin Ismail Badruddin II Ibrahim Wajiuddin Hebatullah-il-Moayed Fiddeen Abduttayyeb Zakiuddin
Abduttayyeb Zakiuddin
Bin Badruddin (41st Dai) Yusuf Najmuddin
Yusuf Najmuddin
II (42nd Dai) Abde Ali
Ali
Saifuddin Mohammed Ezzuddin Tayyeb Zainuddin Mohammed Badruddin Abdul Qadir Najmuddin Abdul Husain Husamuddin Mohammad Burhanuddin (49th Dai) Abdullah Badruddin Taher Saifuddin Mohammed Burhanuddin
Mohammed Burhanuddin
(52nd Dai)

.